General Franklin


This Site:

Civil War

Civil War Overview

Civil War 1861

Civil War 1862

Civil War 1863

Civil War 1864

Civil War 1865

Civil War Battles

Confederate Generals

Union Generals

Confederate History

Robert E. Lee

Civil War Medicine

Lincoln Assassination


Site Search

Civil War Links


Civil War Art

Mexican War

Republic of Texas


Winslow Homer

Thomas Nast

Mathew Brady

Western Art

Civil War Gifts

Robert E. Lee Portrait

Civil War Harper's Weekly, October 4, 1862

This site features all the original Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War. These newspapers are full of incredible illustrations and first hand stories of the War. Harper's Weekly was the most popular illustrated newspaper of the day.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)


McClellan in Frederick, Maryland

McClellan in Frederick, Maryland

Abolition of Slavery

Abolition of Slavery

Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

General Franklin

General Franklin

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Battle of Antietam

Battle of Antietam

Battle of Iuka

Battle of Iuka, Mississippi

Market House, Cincinnati

The Market House, Cincinnati

Maryland Heights

Maryland Heights

Kentucky Battle Map

Kentucky Battle Map



Slave Cartoon

Slave Cartoon




OCTOBER 4, 1862.]






WE give, on the preceding page, a view of HARPER'S FERRY, which was surrendered to the rebels by Colonel Miles on 15th. Skirmishing commenced on the Maryland Heights on Thursday afternoon, 11th, continuing three hours. The battle was renewed again on Friday morning, at daybreak. Our forces held their ground until about noon, when, being flanked on the left, they were compelled to fall back to the large guns. Not long afterward these were spiked, and the whole command retreated down the mountain. On Sunday the enemy commenced a fierce cannonading from the Maryland and Loudon Heights, which was replied to by our forces. It continued until sunset, our guns holding their own in fine style. During Sunday night the rebels planted more guns, and in the morning opened in all directions upon our forces, drawn up in line of battle on Bolivar Heights. It appeared to the officers commanding useless to contend against such overwhelming odds, and the white flag was raised at twenty minutes past 7 o'clock. A few moments later Colonel Miles was struck by a piece of shell, which carried away

his left thigh. The commands which surrendered were: Colonel Downye, Third Maryland Home Brigade 600 Colonel Malesby,

First Maryland Home Brigade 900

Hundred and Fifteenth New York    1000

Hundred & Twenty-sixth New York 1000

Thirty-ninth New York    530

Hundred and Eleventh New York    1000

Hundred and Twenty-fifth New York 1000

Thirty-second Ohio    650

Twelfth New York State Militia    500

Eighty-seventh Ohio    900

Ninth Vermont   800

Sixty-fifth Illinois    850

Graham's Battery    110

M'Grath's    115

Fifteenth Indiana    143

Phillips's New York Battery    120

Potts's Battery    100

Rigby's Battery    100

Scattered companies   50

Officer, connected with Head-quarters and Commissary Department    50

The following guns were surrendered:

350 will cover our loss in killed and wounded.


WE publish on this page, from a photograph by Brady, a portrait of MAJOR-GENERAL FRANKLIN, commander of the 6th army corps of the Army of the Potomac.

William Benjamin Franklin was born in Pennsylvania about the year 1821, and entered West Point in 1839. He graduated at the head of his class in 1843; being a classmate of Ulysses S. Grant, Reynolds, Augur, etc. On the 1st of July, 1843, he was appointed a Brevet Second Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers, and on the 21st of September, 1846, received his full commission. He served in Mexico, and was brevetted First Lieutenant for gallant and meritorious conduct at Buena Vista, dating from February 23, 1847. This brevet was awarded in May, 1848. From July 1848 to 1850 he was Acting Assistant Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the Military Academy at West Point. He was next placed on lighthouse duty, to which he was appointed in January, 1853. He received his full commission of First Lieutenant in March, 1853, and Captain on the 1st of July, 1857. In the Army Register for 1859 he was

the junior captain but one in the corps, and in that of 1860 last but two. In the register for 1861 his name stands two degrees higher on the roll, there being four captains his junior. On the 14th of May, 1861, he was appointed to the colonelcy of the Twelfth United States Infantry, one of the new regular regiments organized at the commencement of the rebellion. With this rank he had charge of the first brigade of the third division of General McDowell's army at Bull Run.

He was appointed a Brigadier-General in July, and, on the reorganization of the army, was given the command of a division consisting of the brigades of Slocum, Kearney, and Newton, which afterward became the first division of the first army corps commanded by McDowell. When McDowell was directed to remain at Fredericksburg, Franklin was detached and sent to McClellan on the peninsula. No officer won higher distinction than he in the memorable contests on the march to Richmond, and as a reward for his gallantry he was appointed to the command of an army corps with the rank of Major-General of Volunteers. He has lately won fresh laurels at the battles of South Mountain and Sharpsburg.



General Hooker
General Franklin
General Mansfield
General Reno




Site Copyright 2003-2018 Son of the South.  For Questions or comments about this collection, contact

Privacy Policy

Are you Scared and Confused? Read My Snake Story, a story of hope and encouragement, to help you face your fears.