Fort Barrancas


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In these hitherto unpublished Confederate photographs appear the first guns trained upon the Federal fleet at the beginning of the blockade. The fort lay about a mile west of the United States Navy Yard at Pensacola and commanded the inner channel to Pensacola Bay. When Florida seceded, January 10, 1861, about 550 Florida and Alabama State troops appeared before the barracks of Company G, 1st U. S. Artillery, 60 men. These retired into Fort Barrancas, after an attack upon that fort about midnight had

been repelled. This was the first fighting of the war. Meanwhile Lieut. A. J. Slemmer, commander at Fort Pickens across the inlet, was removing the Barrancas garrison and their families. He succeeded in getting all safely across in a vessel to Fort Pickens, and the guns of Fort Barrancas bearing upon the channel were spiked. The Florida and Alabama troops occupied the fort on the 12th and began mounting twenty-five 32-pounders, which threatened Fort Pickens until the Confederates abandoned the works, May 9, 1862.

Fort Barrancas
Fort Barrancas Interior


Return to the Effect of the Blockade on the South

[Click on Thumbnails Below for Detailed view and information of that Photograph]

Confederate Flag

Confederate Flag Over Fort Sumter

Fort Barrancas

Fort Barrancas

Blockade Runner

Blockade Runner

Rebel Camp

Life in a Rebel Camp


Enlistment at Natchez and Baton Rouge

Defense of Mobile

Defense of Mobile, Alabama

Confederates at Shiloh

Confederate Soldiers at Shiloh

Mississippi Fighting Ninth

Mississippi Fighting Ninth

Bombardment of Fort Sumter in 1863

Bombardment of Fort Sumter in 1863

Bombardment of Fort Sumter

Bombardment of Fort Sumter




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