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Civil War Harper's Weekly, September 23, 1865
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[ SINGLE COPIES
TEN CENTS. $4.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
Entered according to
Act of Congress, in the Year 1865, by Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's
Office of the District Court for the Southern District
of New York.
MILITARY EXECUTION AT CAMP CHASE.
the 6th of September Camp Chase was, for the first time in its history, the
scene of a military execution. On that day, in accordance with the findings and
sentence of the Military Commission so long in session at Cambridge, approved by
ORD, Commander of this Department, HIRAM OLIVER
and JOHN WESLEY HARTUP
hung for the murder of J. B. COOK, Provost Marshal
of the Seventeenth District. The two men were removed to Camp Chase from
30, their sentence not having been made public, and
they apparently laboring under the impression that the punishment was to be
The impression was, however, rudely dispelled
by the information suddenly imparted to the prisoners on the 5th that the
next day they must undergo the death penalty. The effect of the announcement
upon the prisoners can not be easily imagined, much less described.
OLIVER was disposed at first to treat the matter coolly, merely remarking
that it was rough, but on meeting with his wife, who had
been in camp since Friday, he gave way to most violent demonstrations of
was much affected, and was much
depressed from the moment he heard his sentence.
was born in Washington, Jefferson
County, Ohio, and resided there until about three years ago, when he enlisted in
the Forty-third Regiment Ohio Volunteers. In July last he claims to have been
discharged, moved with his family to Illinois, and engaged in farming. He has a
wife and two children—rather a pretty little
girl of four years of age, and a little boy aged about
seven months. He was about twenty-four years of age, was of medium size, and had
rather good though rather weak features.
HARTUP, the brother of Mrs.
OLIVER, is about the same age as his brother-in-law, was born in the same
county, belonged to the same regiment, and for some years lived with the
OLIVERS. He and OLIVER bought farms adjoining
HIRAM OLIVER.—[PHOT. BY E. S. WALKER]
each other in Illinois ; left that State about the same
time, for some purpose not made plain, and came together to Ohio. They were
arrested in March last, and in June Mrs. OLIVER left her Illinois home and came
to her father's near Bloomfield, Ohio.
The scene of the parting of
OLIVER from his family was affecting in the extreme. OLIVER confessed to
the murder. He had killed COOK because he thought the latter would come to
Illinois and arrest him. He insisted that HARTUP was innocent, though the latter
admitted that he was an accessory. Both seemed penitent at the last hour. They
were conducted to the scaffold, and at twenty minutes
JOHN W. HARTUP.—[PHOT. BY E. S. WALKER.]
past one o'clock ascended the platform, when,
after a brief address on the part of each, the execution took place.
the guerrillas who infested Kentucky during the war
and his men were the most notorious. Their outrages were chiefly confined to
Wayne and Clinton Counties. CHAMP FERGUSON
himself is quite a character, though the bloodiest of rascals and murderers. His
religious notions are, to say the least, rather queer.
Whether he takes a hint from THEODORE
who used to call God " our Father and Mother,"
is uncertain, but
CHAMP is in the habit of speaking of the Father of All as " the Old Man."
He, in a recent interview with the editor of a Western paper,
expressed his opinion that "
the Old Man" had been on his
side thus far in life, and he believed he would stay with him and bring
him out of his present trouble all right. He thought the Campbellites were about
as good as any of the religious denominations, and a little better.
FERGUSON is now being tried at
Nashville by a court-martial on the charge
of committing murders and other acts
in violation of the laws of war. The verdict has not yet been given, but
there is no doubt that he will be punished with death for his many atrocities.
Before the war he was arrested for
the murder of
READ, the constable,
and confined in jail. At the outbreak of the rebellion
he was released on his pledge to join the rebels. He claims that he had
been previously a Union man. He then commenced his career of murder and robbery
which made his name a terror in Kentucky. He acted under the orders of
until the latter made his
raid into Ohio. He
MORGAN in most of his
in Kentucky and Tennessee. He surrendered at the close of the war,
supposing that he would be let off with the oath of allegiance.
CHAMP owns a considerable amount of land in Clinton County, Kentucky,
estimated by the hundreds of acres. He has good reason for the wish, which he
now expresses, " that there had never been any war."
THE HORRORS OF TRAVEL.
graphic but by no means extravagant illustration
which we publish on page 600 scarcely needs
any word of comment or explanation. During the present year Death appears to
have set his mark upon the traveler, whether he journeys by railway or by the
steamboat. Every day the record of mortality is continued from the day before,
being only diversified in the manner of its occurrence. Now it is a collision,
on the railroad or