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Civil War Harper's Weekly, November 18, 1865
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[SINGLE COPIES TEN
$4.00 PER YEAR IN
Entered according to
Act of Congress, in the Year 1865, by Harper & Brothers, in the
Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of
"I say, I say,
General Jackson, for fear you should think I have some axe to grind
because I try so hard to keep you at my poor house all night, I will
agree to entertain you free of expense!" expostulated the landlord
of the only inn in the village of Jefferson, Ashe County, North
Carolina, to General Jackson, late one evening in the autumn of 18—,
as he entered his carriage to pursue his journey toward Tennessee. "
The Blue Ridge, Sir, is infested with banditti, and you will
certainly be robbed, and possibly murdered, before morning. I
beseech you, stay !"
"You are very kind,
Sir, and I thank you," replied the General, " but I shall proceed,
and try and reach the Tennessee line at all events. I have no fears
of being molested: Drive on, Ned, briskly. Adieu, gentlemen all !"
and the old hero drove off :at a rapid pace.
" Hilloa there,
youngster!" cried the landlord to a slim, wiry, flaxen-headed
stripling standing in the motley crowd in front of the tavern, "if
you are going to Tennessee, you had better jump up be-hind and go
along with the General; it's as cheap riding as walking."
"Sure enough, I
reckon I'd better, and thank you," replied the young man, jumping up
behind the coach as it drove off.
They rode on quietly
for some hours until they began to ascend the mountain, when the
General, hearing a slight cough behind, called out, sternly:
"Who s that ?"
"It's me, Sir-Andrew
Johnson. I am a traveler, on my way to Tennessee, and I thought I
might get a lift on your carriage, Sir. I beg your pardon, Sir."
" You are quite
welcome, Sir, to my carriage. Come forward and take a seat with me."
"`thank you, Sir ;
but as the mountain is rather steep here, I'll jump off and walk
He walked forward up
the mountain-side in advance of the carriage, but had not gone far
before he saw a man ahead of him ascending the mountain. He appeared
to b: intoxicated. He lurched this way and the other way, staggering
backward and forward; now his knees would double up, and be would
miss a step, as if the earth had suddenly vanished before him; then
he would cross his legs, and a lurch would send him diagonally
across the road. He stopped and braced himself up so as nearly to
fall backward, and then drifted helplessly along. Presently he
turned an angle in the road and was out of sight.
"That man is beastly
drunk!" re-marked the General.
"Drunk! —not much,
Sir," laughed the young man; "he's no more drunk than I am. He's
playing 'possum, and means mischief. Look there! he's lying in the
As they drove up he
raised himself lazily and hailed them. "Hic! ah! I—I say, gentlemen,
can't you give a man a lift? I—I—hic! can't walk; I'm loaded too
heavily with d—d mean whisky."
"Then stay where you
are and get rid of it!" replied the General, sternly. " The devil!"
exclaimed the man, springing to his feet with the agility of a cat.
He gave a keen whistle and planted himself in front of the coach.
Three men sprang out f one the bushes, and made a rush at the
Quick as thought the
General sprang upon one of them, and they rolled over in the road
together. A dull, crushing sound was next heard over the conflict,
and a second one rolled over in the dust, propelled by the loaded
whip in the pow-cool hands of the driver. The young man, by a timely
shot, fired and brought down a third, and then sprang to the
assistance of the General, who still fought manfully with his
Herculean antagonist, while the driver engaged the remaining robber.
"Stand back! stand
back!" cried the General to the young man; "we are man to man. I'll
give the villain fair play. By the Eternal I have you now!" and he
threw his antagonist over, apparently lifeless.
'' Are you hurt, my
boy?," asked, the General: " And you, too, Ned?—where's
replied the boy, puffing up the road. " My robber coward—be run—he !
he ! he! I golly ; I save one, massa save one, an' de young
gentleman save one—he! he ! he!"
All this occurred in
less time than it takes to re-cord it.
"But you, General,
are you hurt?"
"No; nothing but a
few bruises, thank God! But, look there ! one of them is stirring.
You, Sir, and Ned, pinion his hands, while I examine the others."
None of them were
found to be dead. Two were only stunned, and the third had received
a pistol-shot through the shoulder, and was crouching in affright.
They were all soon pinioned, and a council was held, when it was
determined to disarm them and let them go, rather than be detained
on the road. No further incidents befell our travelers during their
On their separation
in Tennessee the General gave the young man much good advice. He
re-counted to him his own history, and bade him aspire to be good
and useful. The General continued en route for his home in Middle
Tennessee, and the young man stopped and settled in the town of
Greenville, Tennessee, as a journeyman tailor. Of his subsequent
career it is needless to speak; it is a part of the history of our
M. E. D.
JONESBOROUGH, TENNESSEE, Nov., 1865.
THE news of the
arrival of the Atlanta from London on the 2d instant with cholera on
board has given increased interest in this country to the subject of
the epidemic. From fifty to sixty cases during the passage were
reported, and sixteen deaths. The weather is not yet so cold as to
prevent a prelusive flourish of the grim old monster this fall, nor
is it safe to reckon too confidently on the security which winter
may afford us. The disease has been known to defy the Frost King
even in the colder latitudes of Russia. We have had ample warning,
but what has been effected in the way of security ? The
street-cleaning commission of this city, with the Mayor at their
bead, have given out the work to men who certainly have done any
thing else but clean the streets.
Commissioners have felt obliged to take the matter in band and have
preferred charges against the contractors. The latter claimed that
the trouble was due to the police, who should prevent citizens from
throwing garbage into the streets. To this the reply was made that
the police have re-ported cases (in one year to the number of
40,000) of violation of the city ordinances, but they were rarely,
if ever, prosecuted to conviction.
According to a late
work published by General VIELE, it appears that the original and
natural drainage streams of the entire area of the city have
filled up, and their places supplied by artificial sewers that
utterly fail to drain off the water that is constantly accumulating.
This water becomes stagnant, filth and garbage arc al-lowed to
mingle with it, and the miasma and noxious vapors arising there from
are the fruitful and inevitable sources of disease and mortality.
When one reflects upon the frightful masses of putridity that
underlie the streets, alleys, public buildings, private residences,
vacant lots, and a number of the public parks of the city, lie can
not be at a loss to divine the reason why fever and ague,
intermittent fevers, and like complaints are chronic, and why
epidemics prevail with such virulence in those localities when once
they break out.
In Europe, in the
mean time, the cholera appears to be declining in the places where
it has been prevailing, on the eastern and northern shores of the
Mediterranean, the coasts of the Euxine, and the banks of the
Danube. Not more than eight or ten new cases have been reported at
Southampton. The application of ice to the spinal column appears to
have been a highly successful treatment. Al-though the cholera has
been a month in Paris, the paternal care of the authorities avoids
alarming the public with official returns. It is ascertained that on
the 11th of October it attacked about 380 per-sons, 190 of whom
died. But what are they among so many? asks a writer in the Pays.
Even at Marseilles the cholera elf deaths have been only four
in a thousand among
the whole number of inhabitants.
We give on page 724
an illustration of a scene which recently occurred in the streets of
Marseilles on the occasion of
LIGHTING FIRES NEAR
THE PALACE OF JUSTICE TO DESTROY THE CHOLERA.
HON. JAMES L. ORR.
IT appears from the
latest returns that WADE HAMPTON has been defeated in the South
Carolina election for Governor by a majority of 500. If this is true
Hon. JAMES L. ORR, whose portrait we give on page 733, is the
Governor elect of South Carolina—a result of the election which will
afford gratification to the loyal people of the country.
Hon. JAMES L. ORR was
born May 12, 1822, at Craytonville, South Carolina. On both sides he
is of Irish descent. Hiss grandfather, JOHN ORR, was a brave soldier
in the Revolutionary war. His father, CHRISTOPHER ORR. was a
successful merchant, who devoted his means liberally to the
education of his children. JAMES began his studies at a very early
age, and in his eighteenth year entered the University of Virginia.
He left college in 1841, and the subsequent year entered the
law-office of Judge WHITNER. He was admitted to the bar in 1843,
after a highly creditable examination, and began to practice at
Anderson, where he also established and edited a newspaper.
Mr. ORR was elected
to the State Legislature from his district in 1844, at the age of
22, by a larger vote than was given to any other candidate in the
State --a convincing evidence of his popularity in his own
neighborhood. His very first speech was against nullification, which
was the baby-form of secession, and was received with great favor
throughout the State. He became a candidate for Congress in 1848 and
was elected, and for more than ten years he held his seat without
opposition. While he deprecated the agitation of the
Slavery question, he was devoted to
the Union. He was opposed to the Compromise measures introduced and
passed by the Thirty-first Congress. When South Carolina, in 1851,
threatened to secede alone, he opposed the movement, and although
the State seemed determined to go out of the Union, through his
influence the current was stayed.
In the reconstruction
of South Carolina Mr. ORR has taken a leading position; and it is
fortunate for the State that he is elected Governor. No man in the
State so clearly understands the necessities of the situation in
which the war has left the rebel States, and no one is more disposed
to conduct affairs in such a manner as to steer clear of the
delusions which have proved so fatal to Southern interests. Mr.
ORR'S past conduct gives good evidence of the spirit with which he
will govern the State.
O'MAHONY; HEAD CENTRE OF THE
ORDER . - PHOTOGRAPHED BY BARCALOW. - [SEE PAGE 728.]