General Artemas Ward

 

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Ward, ARTEMAS, military officer; born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, November 27, 1727; graduated at Harvard College in 1748, served as major in the Northern army from 1755 to 1758, and became lieutenant-colonel. Taking an active part against the ministerial measures, he was appointed a general officer by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, and in May became commander-in-chief of the forces gathered at Cambridge, in which post he acted until the arrival of George Washington at the beginning of July, 1775. Ward was made the first major-general under Washington; resigned in the spring of 1776 on account of ill health; was then appointed chief-justice of the court of common pleas for Worcester county. He was president of the council in 1777, and in 1779 was chosen a delegate to Congress, but ill-health prevented his taking a seat in that body. For sixteen years he was in the Massachusetts legislature, and was speaker of the Assembly in 1785. From 1791 to 1795 he was in Congress. He died in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, October 28, 1800.

 

 

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