Revolutionary War Timeline
April 19, 1775 Battle of Lexington, Mass. Battle started at dawn.
April 29, 1775 Arnold leads his company from New Haven to Boston
May 10, 1775 Fort Ticonderoga captured by Ethan Allen
May 12, 1775 Crown Point, N. Y., captured by Americans
May 16, 1775 Americans under Benedict Arnold capture St. John, Canada
June 14, 1775 Congress votes to raise 20,000 men.
June 15, 1775 George Washington is unanimously elected by Congress commander-in- chief of the American forces.
June 16-17 Battle of Bunker Hill, and burning of Charlestown (June 17, 1775).
June 22, 1775 Congressional Resolution, "That a sum not exceeding two million of Spanish milled dollars be emitted by Congress in bills of credit for the defense of America."
July 6, 1775 Declaration by Congress, the causes and necessity for taking up arms.
July 10, 1773 First provincial ship commissioned for naval warfare in the American Revolution, sent out by Georgia.
July 15, 1775 Importation of gunpowder, saltpeter, sulphur, and firearms permitted by act of Congress.
July 20, 1775 Georgia joins the United Colonies.
July 21, 1775 Congress Considers Franklin's plan of confederation and perpetual union, "The United Colonies of North America."
July 27, 1775 Congress agrees to create an army hospital.
August, 1775 British vessel, the Betsy, surprised by a Carolina privateer off St. Augustine bar, and 111 barrels of powder captured by the colonists.
August 23, 1775 Things continue to heat up as King issues a proclamation for suppressing rebellion and sedition in the colonies.
September, 1775 American troops under General Richard Montgomery sent into Canada to cut off British supplies.
September 17, 1775 British ship seized off Tybee Island, Georgia, capturing 250 barrels of powder.
September 25, 1775 British capture Col. Ethan Allen and thirty-eight men near Montreal.
October 7, 1775 Bristol, Rhode Island, bombarded.
October 18, 1775 Falmouth, Me., burned by British
November 2, 1775 St. John, Canada, surrenders to Americans
November 4, 1775 Congress orders a battalion to protect Georgia
November 7, 1775 British fleet repulsed at Hampton, Virginia. (October 25, 1775), and Lord Dunmore declares open war.
November 12, 1775 Night attack of the British vessels Tamar and Cherokee on the schooner Defence, in Hog Island Channel, S. C.
November 13, 1775 Americans under Montgomery capture Montreal
November 29, 1775 Benjamin Harrison, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Johnson, John Dickinson, and John Jay, appointed by Congress for secret correspondence with allies of America in Great Britain, Ireland, and other countries.
December 13, 1775 Congress appoints Silas Deane, John Langdon, and Christopher Gadsden, to fit out two vessels of war( November 25) orders thirteen vessels of war built and appoints Esek Hopkins commander.
December, 1775 British vessels driven from Charleston Harbor, by artillery company under Colonel Moultrie, stationed on Haddrell's Point.
December 31, 1775 American forces united under Montgomery and Arnold repulsed at Quebec; Montgomery killed.
January 1, 1776 George Washington unfurls the first Union flag of thirteen stripes at Cambridge, Mass.
January. 1, 1776 Norfolk, Va., partly burned by Governor Dunmore.
March 2, 1776 Silas Deane appointed political agent to the French Court.
March 17, 1776 Howe evacuates Boston.
March 23, 1776 Congress authorizes privateering.
April 6, 1776 Congress orders the ports open to all nations.
April 22, 1776 North Carolina declares for independence.
May 6, 1776 American forces under General John Thomas retire from the siege of Quebec.
May, 1776 Rhode Island, (May 4); Massachusetts, (May 10); and Virginia, (May 14), declare for independence.
May 15, 1776 Congress advises each colony to form a government independent of Great Britain.
June 7, 1776 Resolution introduced in Congress by Richard Henry Lee, that "the United Colonies are and ought to be free and independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that their political connection with Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved " (Richard Henry Lee was the Great Uncle of Robert E. Lee)
June 11, 1776 Committee appointed by Congress to prepare a form of confederation.
June 11, 1776 Committee appointed by Congress to draw up a Declaration of Independence.
June 12, 1776 Board of war and ordnance appointed by Congress, consisting of five members; John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, James Wilson, and Edward Rutledge; Richard Peters elected secretary.
June 18, 1776 American forces under General Sullivan retire from Canada to Crown Point, N. Y.
July 9, 1776 Declaration of Independence read to the army in New York by order of General George Washington.
August 22, 1776 British General Lord Howe lands 10,000 men and forty guns near Gravesend.
August 27, 1776 Battle of Long Island.
August 29-30, 1776 Washington withdraws his forces from Long Island to the city of New York.
September 9, 1776 Congress resolves "that all Continental commissions in which heretofore the words 'United Colonies' have been used, bear hereafter the words 'United States' "
September 14, 1776 Americans evacuate New York City.
September 16, 1776 British repulsed at Harlem Heights.
September 22, 1776 Nathan Hale executed as a spy at New York.
October 11-13, 1776 Battle on Lake Champlain; British victory.
October 18, 1776 Thaddeus Kosciuszko, arrives; recommended to Washington by Dr. Franklin ; appointed colonel of engineers by Congress.
October 28, 1776 Battle of White Plains, New York; British victory.
October, 1776 Franklin sails for France in the Reprisal, of sixteen guns, one of the new Continental frigates, the first national vessel to appear in the Eastern Hemisphere.
November 1, 1776 Congress authorizes the raising of $5,000,000 by lottery for expenses of the next campaign.
November 16, 1776 Fort Washington on the Hudson captured by the British.
December 8, 1776 Washington with his forces crosses the Delaware into Pennsylvania.
December 8, 1776 Sir Peter Parker takes possession of Rhode Island, and blockades the American fleet at Providence.
December 12 1776 Major General Charles Lee captured by British at Baskingridge, N. J
December 26, 1776 Battle of Trenton, New Jersey
December 30, 1776 Congress resolves to send commissioners to the courts of Vienna, Spain, Prussia, and Tuscany.
January 3, 1777 Battle of Princeton.
January, 1777 Washington's army encamps for the winter at Morristown.
February 6, 1777 Letters of marque and reprisal granted by England against American ships.
February 26, 1777 Five vessels belonging to a British supply fleet are sunk near
April 26, 1777 Danbury, Connecticut, destroyed by troops under ex-Governor Tryon.
May 23, 1777 Colonel Meigs, with whale-boats from Guilford, attacks the British forces at Sag Harbor, destroying vessels and stores and taking ninety prisoners.
June 14, 1777 Stars and Stripes adopted by Congress.
June 30, 1777 British under General Howe evacuate New Jersey, crossing to Staten Island.
July 1, 1777 British under Burgoyne appear before Ticonderoga.
July 6, 1777 American garrison withdraw from New York.
July 7, 1777 Battle of Hubbardton, Vermont.
July 10, 1777 British General Richard Prescott surprised and captured near Newport by Lieutenant-Colonel Barton.
July 27, 1777 Miss Jane McCrea captured by Indians in British employ at Fort Edward, New York, was shot and scalped.
July 29, 1777 On the approach of Burgoyne General Schuyler evacuates Fort Edward, and retreats down the Hudson Valley.
July 31, 1777 General Lafayette, who volunteers his services to Congress, is commissioned major-general.
August 3, 1777 Lafayette introduced to Washington in Philadelphia, and attached to his personal staff.
August 6, 1777 Battle of Oriskany, New York.
August 16, 1777 Battle of Bennington, Vermont.
August 19, 1777 Gen. Philip Schuyler succeeded by Gen. Horatio Gates in command of the Northern army.
August 22, 1777 General Arnold sent to relieve Fort Schuyler, invested by British under St. Leger, who retreats and returns to Montreal.
September 11, 1777 Battle of Brandywine, Washington defeated.
September 15, 1777 Count Pulaski commissioned brigadier- general by Congress.
September 19, 1777 Battle of Stillwater, New York; Results are indecisive.
September 20-21, 1777 Three hundred of Wayne's troops slaughtered at Paoli.
September 27, 1777 British army occupies Philadelphia.
October 4, 1777 Battle of Germantown; Americans repulsed.
October 6, 1777 Forts Clinton and Montgomery captured by the British.
October 7, 1777 Battle of Saratoga, New York.
October 17, 1777 General Burgoyne's army surrenders.
October 22-23, 1777 Successful defense of Fort Mifflin and Fort Mercer.
October, 1777 Congress creates a new board of war, General Gates presiding
November 15, 1777 Articles of Confederation adopted.
November 16-20, 1777 Forts Mifflin and Mercer besieged by the British and captured.
November, 1777 Congress recommends to the several States to raise by taxes $5,000,000 for the succeeding year.
December 4, 1777 Howe leaves Philadelphia with 14,000 men to drive Washington from his position at Whitemarsh, but does not attack
December 8, 1777 Howe hurriedly returns to Philadelphia.
December 18, 1777 American army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, on the Schuylkill.
December, 1777 General Charles Lee released in exchange for General Prescott.
January 5, 1778 Battle of the Kegs.
February 6, 1778 Louis XVI. acknowledges the independence of the colonies, and signs a treaty of alliance and commerce.
February, 1778 Baron Steuben joins the camp at Valley Forge.
April 22, 1778 Bill introduced by Lord North in Parliament concerning peace negotiations with America reaches Congress and is rejected.
May 2, 1778 French treaty reaches Congress by messenger.
May 4, 1778 Deane's treaty with France ratified.
May 18, 1778 Mischianza, a festival, is given at Philadelphia by the British
officers in honor of Sir William Howe (who had been succeeded by
Henry Clinton), six days before his return to England.
May 25, 1778 British raid in Warren and Bristol, Rhode Island.
June 10, 1778 Earl of Carlisle, George Johnstone, and William Eden, appointed peace commissioners to America, with Prof. Adam Ferguson as secretary.
June 18, 1778 British evacuate Philadelphia and retire across the Delaware into New Jersey.
June 18, 1778 Americans break camp at Valley Forge and follow.
June 28, 1778 Battle of Monmouth Courthouse, New Jersey, British retreat.
July 4, 1778 Massacre of inhabitants in Wyoming Valley, Pa., by Indians and Tories.
July 4, 1778 Expedition from Virginia under Maj. George Rogers Clarke captures the British fort at Kaskaskia.
July 21, 1778 Delegates from North Carolina sign them Delegates from Georgia sign them July 24, 1778.
July 29, 1778 French fleet, under Count D'Estaing, enters Narraganset Bay.
August 6, 1778 M. Gerard, minister from France to America, received in Congress.
August 11, 1778 Congress rejects the bills of Parliament, and refuses to negotiate with Great Britain until her fleets and armies are withdrawn and she acknowledges the independence of the colonies.
August 12, 1778 General Charles Lee by court-martial for disobedience, misbehavior, and disrespect to Washington, suspended from command for one year.
August 29, 1778 Battle of Rhode Island.
August 31, 1778 Americans evacuate Rhode Island, August30, and British occupy Newport.
September 5, 1778 British under General Grey burn Bedford village, in Dartmouth, Mass., and seventy American vessels lying at the wharfs.
September 14, 1778 Benjamin Franklin appointed minister to the Court of France.
November 10, 1778 Massacre by Indians and Tories at Cherry Valley, N. Y.
December 29, 1778 British troops under Howe capture Savannah; the Americans retreat across the Savannah River.
1778-79 Northern American army hutted in cantonments from Danbury, Conn., to Elizabethtown, N. J., for the winter.
1779 Major General Benjamin Lincoln, commanding the Southern forces, establishes his first post at Purysburg, on the Savannah River.
January 2, 1779 Congress calls upon the States for their quotas of $15,000,000 for the year, and $6,000,000 annually for eighteen years to follow as a sinking-fund.
January, 1779 Vincennes, Ind., captured by the British
January 12, 1779 British under General McLane take possession of Castine, Me.
February 3, 1779 British under Major Gardiner driven from Port Royal Island by General Moultrie.
February, 1779 Franklin commissioned sole minister plenipotentiary to France, and Adams recalled.
February 14, 1779 Battle of Kettle Creek, Ga , American victory.
February 20, 1779 Americans under Major Clarke capture Vincennes.
March 3, 1779 Battle of Brier Creek, Georgia, British victory.
March 26, 1779 Salt works at Horseneck, Conn., destroyed by General Tryon.
April, 1779 American ministers recalled, except at Versailles and Madrid.
June 20, 1779 Americans repulsed at Stono Ferry, S. C.
June, 1779 Spain declares war against Great Britain.
July 12, 1779 British under Tryon plunder New Haven (July 5), and burn Fairfield (July 8), and Norwalk.
July 16, 1779 Americans under Wayne take by storm Fort Stony Point, N. Y.
July 25, 1779 Expedition against the British at Fort Castine, Me., repulsed.
August 13, 1779 American fleet arrive at Penobscot, and are dispersed by British fleet.
August 14, 1779 Congress agrees to a basis of terms for a peace with Great Britain.
July-Sept., 1779 General Sullivan's campaign against the Six Nations; the Indian villages of the Genesee Valley destroyed.
September 3, 1779 British fleet at Tybee captured by Count D'Estaing.
September, 1779 Congress votes thanks and a gold medal to Major Lee, for surprising and capturing (August 19) the British garrison at Paulus's Hook.
September 17, 1779 Congress guarantees the Floridas to Spain if she takes them from Great Britain, provided the United States should enjoy the free navigation of the Mississippi River.
September 23, 1779 Naval engagement off Flamborough Head, England ; the Bon Homme Richard (American), Paul Jones commander, captures the British gun-ship Serapis.
September 27, 1779 John Jay appointed minister to Spain, and John Adams to negotiate a peace with Great Britain.
September 23-October 9, 1779 Siege of Savannah, Georgia, by Americans and French, fails; Pulaski killed.
October 1, 1779 A company of British regulars and four armed vessels in the Ogeechee River, Ga., surrenders to Colonel White.
October 11-25, 1779 British evacuate Rhode Island.
November 17, 1779 M. Gerard succeeded by the Chevalier de la Luzerne as minister from France to the United States.
December, 1779 American army winters at Morristown.
December 26, 1779 General Clinton sails from New York against Charleston.
January, 1780 Washington reprimands General Arnold, by order of Congress, for misconduct charged by the council of Philadelphia.
January 10, 1780 General Charles Lee dismissed from the army.
April 10, 1780 General Clinton lays
siege to Charleston.
May 11, 1780 Lafayette rejoins the army, after a visit to France, bringing a commission from the French government to Washington as lieutenant-general and vice-admiral of France, so that he may be commander-in-chief of the united forces of France and the United States.
May 6, 1780 Fort Moultrie, S. C., surrendered to Captain Hudson of the British navy.
May 12, 1780 Charleston, S. C., capitulates.
June 3, 1780 General Clinton proclaims South Carolina subject to England.
June 20, 1780 Battle of Ramsour's Mills, N. C.
June 23, 1780 Battle at Springfield, N. J.; General Clinton burns the town.
July 10, 1780 French army of 6,000 men, under Rochambeau, reaches Newport Harbor, R. I.
July 30, 1780 Battle of Rocky Mount, S. C.
August 3, 1780 Command in the highlands of the Hudson with West Point given to General Benedict Arnold.
August 6, 1780 Battle of Hanging Rock, S. C.
August 16, 1780 Battle of Camden, S. C. ; Gates defeated.
September 23, 1780 Major Andre captured near Tarrytown.
October 2, 1780 Andre convicted as a spy by military board, General Nathanael Greene, president, September 29, and hung at Tappan, N. Y.
Oct., 1780 Congress votes John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Van Wart, captors of Andre, its thanks, a silver medal, and a pension of $200 each yearly, for life.
October 6, 1780 Henry Laurens, minister from United States, seized on his way to Holland by a British frigate, September 3, and imprisoned in the Tower of London.
October 7, 1780 Battle of King's Mountain, S. C.
October 10, 1780 Congress resolves that western lands to be ceded shall be formed into republican States, and become equal members of the Union.
October 14, 1780 Gen. Nathanael Greene appointed to command of the armies in the South, superseding General Gates.
Dec., 1780 Colonel John Laurens appointed a special minister to France to secure a loan.
January 1, 1781 Pennsylvania troops break camp at Morristown, January 1, demanding back pay. Congress appoints a commission, which accedes to their demand.
January 5-6, 1781 Benedict Arnold plunders Richmond, Virginia.
Jan., 1781 Robert R. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by Congress.
January 17, 1781 Battle of Cowpens, S. C.; American victory.
January 23-27, 1781 Mutiny of New Jersey troops quelled by General Robert Howe.
February 2, 1781 Young's house, near White Plains, surprised by British.
March 1, 1781 Final ratification of Articles of Confederation announced by order of Congress.
March 15, 1781 Battle of Guildford Courthouse, N. C.
April 25, 1781 Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, S. C. .
May, 1781 Union of Vermont with the British proposed to Col. Ira Allen at Isles aux Noix, Canada.
May 20, 1781 Cornwallis joins Arnold at Petersburg, Va
September 14, 1780 Augusta, Ga., taken by Colonel Clark ; retaken by British, September 17, 1780 ; capitulates to Americans June 5, 1781
June 18, 1781 General Wadsworth captured, and imprisoned at Castine,
June 22, 1781 Jonas Fay, Ira Allen, and Bazaleel
Woodward appointed to represent the
August 4, 1781 General Lafayette attacks Cornwallis, near Green Springs, Virginia, and is repulsed July 6, 1781.
August, 1781 Cornwallis retires with his army to Yorktown It. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by Congress.
August 20, 1781 Congress requires Vermont to relinquish territory east of the Connecticut and west of the present New York line before admission as a State.
August 25, 1781 Combined armies of Americans and French start for Yorktown, Va., from the Hudson River.
August 30, 1781 Count de Grasse, with the French fleet, arrives in the Chesapeake.
September 5, 1781 Lafayette joins French troops under Count de St. Simon at Green Springs, September 3, and they occupy Williamsburg, about 15 miles from Yorktown.
September 6, 1781 Benedict Arnold plunders and burns New London, Conn., and captures Fort Griswold.
September 7, 1781 British fleet under Admiral Graves appears in the Chesapeake.
September 8, 1781 Indecisive battle of Eutaw Springs, S. C.
September 14, 1781 Washington and Count Rochambeau reach Williamsburg
October 5-19, 1781 Siege of Yorktown
October 19, 1781 Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown.
October 29, 1781 Sir Henry Clinton, with fleet of thirty-five vessels and 7,000 troops, arrives at the Chesapeake, October 24, and returns to New York.
December 13, 1781 Benjamin Lincoln appointed Secretary of War by Congress October 30, Day of public thanksgiving and prayer observed throughout the United States.
December 31, 1781 Henry Laurens released from imprisonment in the Tower of London.
April 19, 1782 Holland recognizes the independence of United States.
May 5, 1782 Sir Guy Carleton, appointed to succeed Clinton, lands in New York.
June 14, 1782 Orders received by Sir James Wright at Savannah for the evacuation of the province.
July 11, 1782 Savannah, Ga., evacuated by the British.
October 8, 1782 Treaty of amity and commerce concluded by Mr. Adams, on part of the United States, with Holland.
November 30, 1782 Preliminary articles of peace signed at Paris by Richard Oswald for Great Britain, and by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens for the United States.
December 14, 1782 British evacuate Charleston, S. C.
December 24, 1782 French army embarks from Boston for San Domingo, having been in the United States two years five months and fourteen days.
February 5, 1783 Sweden recognizes independence of United States.
February 25, 1783 Denmark recognizes independence of United States.
March 15, 1783 Congress being unable to pay either officers or men of the army, an anonymous address is circulated, March 11, 1783, advising the army at Newburg, N. Y., to enforce its claims. The situation is critical, but Washington, by an admirable address, obtains from the officers a declaration of confidence in Congress and the country.
March 22, 1783 Congress grants five years' full pay to officers in lieu of half-pay for life, promised October 21, 1780.
March 24, 1783 Spain recognizes independence of United States.
April 15, 1783 Congress ratifies the preliminary treaty with Great Britain.
April 19, 1783 Congress proclaims a cessation of hostilities, April 11, 1783, which
July, 1783 Independence of the United States recognized by Russia
September 3, 1783 Definitive treaty signed by David Hartley on the part of Great Britain, and by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay on the part of the United States.
November 2, 1783 Washington issues his "Farewell Address to the Army" from Rocky Hill, near Princeton, N. J.
November 3, 1783 By general order of Congress, proclaimed October 18, the army is disbanded, a small force remaining at West Point.
November 25, 1783 British evacuate New York City
December 4, 1783 General Washington bids farewell to his officers at Fraunce's tavern, corner Pearl and Broad Streets, New York City.
December 4, 1783 British evacuate Long Island and Staten Island (withdrawing their last armed man sent for the purpose of reducing the colonies to subjection)
December 23, 1783 Washington resigns his commission as commander-in-chief at the State-house, Annapolis, Md., and retires to Mount Vernon
January 14, 1784 Congress ratifies the definitive treaty of peace
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