Benjamin Lincoln


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Benjamin LincolnLincoln, BENJAMIN, military officer; born in Hingham, Massachusetts, January 24, 1733; engaged in farming: was a firm and active patriot; and was a major-general of militia when the Revolutionary War broke out. In June, 1776, he commanded an expedition that cleared Boston Harbor of British vessels, and in February, 1777, was appointed a major-general in the Continental army. His services were varied and important all through the war, and at the surrender of Yorktown he received the sword of the defeated Cornwallis. From that time (October, 1781) until 1784 he was Secretary of War, and received a vote of thanks from Congress on his retirement. In 1787 he commanded the troops which suppressed Shays's insurrection. In that year he was chosen lieutenant-governor of Massachusetts, and from 1789 to 1808 he was collector of the port of Boston. He was fond of literary and scientific pursuits. He died in Hingham, May 9, 1810.



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