Edward Winslow


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Edward WinslowWINSLOW, EDWARD, colonial governor; born in Droitwich, England, Oct. 18, 1595; became a Puritan in his youth; married the daughter of a Dissenter; came to America from Holland, in the Mayflower, in 1620; and soon afterwards buried his bride here. He then married Susannah, widow of William White, and one of his fellow-passengers. Winslow offered himself to Massasoit, the Indian sachem, as a hostage, at the first conference between the English and the natives, and won his respect and affection, especially by his curing the old ruler of an illness in 1623. He made two voyages to England (16231624) as agent for the colony, and in 1633 he succeeded Bradford as governor. He again visited England, where he was imprisoned by Archbishop Laud seventeen weeks for teaching in the church and performing the marriage ceremony as a magistrate. Winslow was one of the most active men in the colony, and was governor three successive terms. On his return from England, in 1624, he brought with him several cows and a bull, the first neat-cattle seen in the colony. He went to England again in 1649, after the death of Charles I., and there proposed, and aided in forming, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England. Cromwell so appreciated his worth that he offered him such distinctions and emoluments in England that he never returned to America. When Cromwell sent out an expedition against the Spaniards in the West Indies, Winslow was commissioned to superintend it. Before the work was done he was seized with fever, and died on shipboard, May 8, 1655.



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