Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
GENERAL BEAUREGARD. -
[FROM A PHOTOGRAPH FURNISHED BY
Previous Page )
and property which were in
possession of the Government when it came into my hands. But if, as now appears
to be true, in pursuit of a purpose to drive the United States authority from
those places, an unprovoked assault has been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall hold
myself at liberty to repossess it, if I can, like places which had been seized
before the Government was devolved upon me; and in any event I shall, to the
best of my ability, repel force by force. In case it proves true that Fort
Sumter has been assaulted, as is reported, I shall, perhaps, cause the United
States mails to be withdrawn from all the States which claim to have seceded,
believing that the commencement of actual war against the Government justifies
and possibly demands it. I scarcely need to say that I consider the military
posts and property situated within the States which claim to have seceded as yet
belonging to the Government of the United States as much as they did before the
supposed secession. Whatever else I may do for the purpose, I shall not attempt
to collect the duties and imposts by any armed invasion of any part of the
country; not meaning by this, however, that I may not land a force deemed
necessary to relieve a fort upon the border of the country. From the fact that I
have quoted a part of the Inaugural Address, it must not be inferred that I
repudiate any other part, the whole of which I reaffirm, except so far as what I
now say of the mails may be regarded as a modification."
GENERAL P. G. T. BE,AUREGARD
WE publish herewith a portrait of
General Beauregard, the commander of the Confederate forces at
Major Anderson surrendered on 13th. General P. G. Toutant Beauregard was
born on his father's plantation, near
New Orleans. His father was a wealthy and
influential Louisiana planter. His mother—born Reggio—was of Italian origin, and
descended from the ducal Reggio family of Italy. General Beauregard entered the
United States Military Academy at West Point at an early age, where he graduated
in 1838, taking the second honors in a class of forty-five graduates, and was
appointed a Second Lieutenant in the First regiment of Artillery, which
commission he only held for one week ere he was transferred to the Corps of
Engineers. He was promoted to a First Lieutenantcy in June, 1839, and in that
capacity served with great distinction during the
Mexican War. He was twice
brevetted "for gallant and meritorious conduct" in the field, the first time as
Captain for the battles of
Churubusco, to date from August 20,
1847, and again as Major for the battle of Chepultepec, to date from the 13th of
September of that year: Major Beauregard was wounded in the assault upon the
Garita de Beleu in the city of Mexico. On his return home he was presented with
an elegant sword. He. was subsequently placed by the Government in charge of the
construction of the
Mint and Custom house at New Orleans, as well as of the
fortifications on and near the mouth of the Mississippi; General B. is about
forty-three years of age, in the prime of life and vigorous health, erect as a
soldier, well made, and remarkably active.
A Charleston paper gives
publicity to two incidents in General Beauregard's career
"The first occurred before
" General B., then a Lieutenant
of Engineers, was sent out by his Colonel (Totten, if we remember aright), with
a party of sappers to dig and prepare a trench, according to a profile and plan
prepared by the Colonel. No sooner had Beauregard examined the ground than he
discovered great objections to the plan. To assure himself, he climbed into a
tree, and with the aid of the marine glass, the engineer's vade-mecum, he made a reconnoissance, and saw plainly that the trench, as planned, would be enfiladed
by the enemy's cannon. Here was a difficult position for a subaltern ministerial
officer. He decided promptly, and returned to headquarters without sticking a
spade. The Colonel met him and expressed surprise that he had so soon performed
his task. Beauregard replied that he had not touched it. The Colonel, with the
astonishment military men feel in hearing their orders have not bee obeyed,
inquired the reason. He was soon informed of it. He was incredulous; ' the
ground had been examined,' 'the reconnoissance was perfect,' etc. The young
lieutenant was satisfied, however, that the reconnoissance of his old chief had
not been made like his, ' from up in a tree.' The colonel, like a sensible man,
concluded to make another examination ; the plan was changed in accordance with
the young lieutenant's views. The work done from these trenches is matter of
history, which has not, however, informed us to whom the credit is due. "The
second event occurred before the city of Mexico. " A night or two before the
attack a council of war was held. There were assembled all the big folks, from
the (now) Lieutenant - General (who practices Mexican tactics from the housetops
in Washington), including Worth,
Twiggs, etc., down to our friend Beauregard,
the youngest officer in the room. The debate went on for hours. Scott was
solitary in his opinion. Every other officer present, except one, had spoken,
and all concurred in their views. The silent one was Beauregard. At last General
Pierce crossed over and said, ' You have not expressed an opinion.' " I have not
been called on,' said Beauregard. ' You shall be, however,' said Pierce ; and
soon resuming his seat, announced that Lieutenant Beauregard had not given his
opinion. Being then called out, he remarked, that if the plan which had received
the consent of all but the commanding General was carried into effect, it would
prove disastrous. It would be another Churubusco affair. He then detailed the
objections to it at length ; and taking up the other, urged the reasons in its
favor with equal earnestness. The Council reversed their decision. The city of
Mexico was entered according to the plan urged by the young lieutenant ; and it
would seem that his reasons influenced the decision. A few days afterward
General Scott, in the presence of a number of general officers, alluded to
Lieutenant Beauregard's opinion at the Council, and the consequences which had
followed from it." Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1860, by
Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern
District of New York.]
BY CHARLES DICKENS.
HERBERT and I went on from bad to
worse, in the way of increasing our debts, looking into our affairs, leaving
margins, and the like exemplary transactions ; and Time went on, whether or no,
as he has a way of doing and I came of age—in fulfillment of Herbert's
prediction that I should do so before I knew where I was.
Herbert himself had come of age
eight months before one. As he had nothing else than his majority to come into,
the event did not make a profound sensation in Barnard's Inn. But we had looked
forward to my one-and-twentieth birth-day with a crowd of speculations and
anticipations, for we had both considered that my guardian could hardly help
saying something definite on that occasion.
I had taken care to have it well
understood in Little Britain when my birthday was. On the day before it I
received an official note from Wemmick, informing me that Mr. Jaggers would be
glad if I would call upon him at five in the afternoon of the auspicious day.
This convinced us that something great was to happen, and threw me into an
unusual flutter when I repaired to my guardian's office, a model of punctuality.
In the outer office Wemmick
offered me his congratulations, and incidentally rubbed the side of his nose
with a folded piece of tissue-paper that I liked the look of. But he said
nothing respecting it, and motioned me with a nod into my guardian's room. It
was November, and my guardian was standing before his fire leaning his back
against the chimney-piece, with his hands under his coattails.
"Well, Pip," said he, "I must
call you Mr. Pip today. Congratulations, Mr. Pip." We shook hands--he was always a
remarkably short shaker—and I thanked him. " Take a chair, Mr. Pip," said my
guardian. As I sat down, and he preserved
his attitude and bent his brows at his boots, I felt at a disadvantage, which
reminded me of that old time when I had been put upon a tomb-stone. The two
ghastly casts on the shelf were not far from him, and their expression was as if
they were making a stupid apoplectic attempt to attend to the conversation.
" Now, my young friend," my
guardian began, as if I were a witness in the box, "I am going to have a word or
two with you."
" If you please, Sir." " What do you suppose," said Mr.
Jaggers, bending forward to look at the ground, and then throwing his head back
to look at the ceiling, " what do you suppose you are living at the rate of?"
" At the rate of, Sir ?" "At," repeated Mr. Jaggers, still
looking at the ceiling, "the —rate—of?
" And then looked all round the
room, and paused with his pocket-handkerhief
in his hand, half way to
his nose had looked into my affairs so often that I had thoroughly destroyed any
slight notion I might ever have had of their bearings. Reluctantly, I confessed
myself quite unable to answer the question. This reply seemed agreeable to Mr.
Jaggers, who said, "I thought so !"
and blew his nose with an air of
"Now, I have asked you a
question, my friend," said Mr. Jaggers.
"Have you any thing to ask me?"
" Of course it would be a great
relief to me to ask you several questions, Sir ; but I remember your
" Ask one," said Mr. Jaggers.
"Is my benefactor to be made
known to me today ?"
"No. Ask another."
"Is that confidence to be
imparted to me soon?" " Waive that a moment," said Mr. Jaggers, "and ask
I looked about me, but there
appeared to be now no possible escape from the inquiry, "Have —I—any thing to
receive, Sir?" On that Mr. Jaggers said, triumphantly, "I thought We should come
to it !" and called to Wemmick to give him that piece of paper. Wemmick
appeared, handed it in, and disappeared.
"Now, Mr. Pip," said Mr. Jaggers,
"attend, if you please. You have been drawing pretty freely here ; your name
occurs pretty often in Wemmick's cash-book ; but you are in debt, of course ?"
" I Am afraid I must say yes,
"You know you must say yes, don't
you?" said Mr. Jaggers.
"I don't ask you what you owe,
because you don't know ; and if you did know, you wouldn't tell me —you would
say less. Yes, yes, my friend," cried Mr. Jaggers, waving his forefinger to stop
me, as I made a show of protesting, "it's likely enough that you think you
wouldn't, but you would. You'll excuse me, but I know better than you. Now take
this piece of paper in your hand. You have got it? Very good. Now unfold it and
tell me what it is."
"'This is a bank-note," said I,
"for five hundred pounds."
"That is a bank-note," repeated
Mr. Jaggers, " for five hundred pounds. And a very handsome sum of money too, I
think. You consider it so?" " How could I do otherwise !"
"Ah ! But answer the question,"
said Mr. Jaggers. " Undoubtedly." "You consider it, undoubtedly, a
handsome sum of money. Now that handsome sum of money, Pip, is your own. It is a
present to you on this day, in earnest of your expectations. And at the rate of
that handsome sum of money per annum, and at no higher rate, you are to live
until the donor of the whole appears. That is to say, you will now take your
money affairs entirely into your own hands, and you will draw from Wemmick one
hundred and twenty-five pounds per quarter, until you are in communication with
the fountain-head, and no longer with the mere agent. As I have told you before,
I am the mere agent. I execute my instructions, and I am paid for doing so. I
think them injudicious, but I am not paid for giving any opinion on their
I was beginning to express my
gratitude to my benefactor for the great liberality with which I was treated,
when Mr. Jaggers stopped me. " I am not paid, Pip," said he, coolly,
" to carry
your words to any one ;" and then gathered up his coat-tails, as he had gathered
tip the subject, and stood frowning at his boots as if he suspected them of
designs against him. After a pause, I hinted :
"There was a question just now,
Mr. Jaggers, which you desired me to waive for a moment, I hope I am doing
nothing wrong in asking it again?"
" What is it ?'' said he.
I might have known that he would
never help me out ; but it took me aback to have to shape the question afresh,
as if it were quite new. "Is it likely," I said, after hesitating, "that my
patron, the fountain-head you have spoken of, Mr. Jaggers; will soon—" there I
" Will soon what ?" said Mr.
Jaggers: " That's no question as it stands, you know." "Will soon come to
London," said I, after casting about for a precise form of words, "or summon me
any where else?"
"Now here," replied Mr. Jaggers,
"THE RESPONSIBLE DUTY OF MAKING
THE TOAST WAS DELEGATED TO THE AGED."