Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
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Robert E. Lee
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Robert E. Lee Portrait
BROTHERS, Carriage Manufacturers,
Have removed to Nos. 594 and 596
Broadway, a few doors above Niblo's.
Page) he go on any expedishum he pray two, or tree, or four times
durin' de night. When I see him pray two, or tree, or four times durin' de
night, I pack de baggage, for I know he goin' on an expedishum."
Another incident is connected
with his idea of dying a painful death, and, before the rebellion, this became a
species of hypochondria; for he would occasionally fancy his limbs were being
paralyzed, first on one side and then on the other.
He had a curious way of holding
his head up very straight, and his invariable response to any remark was, "Very
well!" while his chin would appear as if it were trying to get up toward the top
of his head.
The following item from a
contemporary, if true, will illustrate the character of the soldier:
"During the battle of Chapultepec,
where he commanded a section of Magruder's battery, attached to Pillow's
division, he was ordered by that pitiful commander to withdraw his section, as,
according to Pillow's craven idea, it was too much exposed. Giving no heed
whatever to the General's order, he rapidly limbered up and moved his section a
hundred yards nearer the enemy's works, where he did great execution."
The following circumstantial
account of the accident by which he met his death, and of his subsequent
sufferings is from the
General Jackson, having gone some
distance in front of the line of skirmishers on Saturday evening, was returning
about 8 o'clock, attended by his staff and part of his couriers. The cavalcade
was in the darkness of the night mistaken for a body of the enemy's cavalry, and
fired upon by a regiment of his own corps. He was struck by three balls, one
through the left arm, two inches below the shoulder joint, shattering the bone
and severing the chief artery; another ball passed through the same arm between
the elbow and wrist, making its exit through the palm of the hand; a third ball
entered the palm of the right hand about its middle, passing through, and broke
two bones. He was wounded on the Plank Road, about fifty yards in advance of the
enemy. He fell from his horse, and was caught by Captain Wormley, to whom he
remarked, "All my wounds are by my own men." He had given orders to fire at any
thing coming up the road, before he left the lines. The enemy's skirmishers
appeared ahead of him, and he turned to ride back. Just then some one cried out,
"Cavalry, charge!" and immediately the regiment fired. The whole party broke
forward to ride through our line to escape the fire. Captain Boswell was killed,
and carried through the line by his horse, and fell among our own men. Colonel
Couchfield, Chief of Staff, was wounded by his side. Two couriers were killed.
Major Pendleton, Lieutenants Morrison and Smith, escaped uninjured. General
Jackson was immediately placed on a litter and started for the rear. The firing
attracted the attention of the enemy, and was resumed by both lines. One
litter-bearer was shot down, and the General fell from the shoulders of the men,
receiving a severe contusion, adding to the injury of the arm, and injuring his
The enemy's fire of artillery on
this point was terrible. General Jackson was left for five minutes, until the
fire slackened; then placed in an ambulance, and carried to the field hospital
at Wilderness Run. He lost a large amount of blood, and at one time told Dr.
M'Guire he thought he was dying, and would have bled to death, but a tourniquet
was immediately applied. For two hours he was near pulseless from the shock. As
he was being carried from the field, frequent inquiries were made by the
soldiers, "Who have you there?" He told the Doctor, "Do not tell the troops I am
After the reaction a consultation
was held between Drs. Black, Coleman, Walls, and M'Guire, and
decided upon. He was asked, "If we find amputation necessary shall it be done at
once?" He replied, "Yes, certainly, Dr. M'Guire; do for me whatever you think is
right." The operation was performed while he was under the influence of
chloroform, and was borne well. He slept on Sunday morning, was cheerful, and
was doing well. On Monday he was carried to Chancellor's house, near Guiney's
depot. He was cheerful; talked about the battle, gallant bearing of General
Rhodes, and said that his Major-General's commission ought to date from
Saturday, the grand charge of his old Stonewall brigade, of which he had heard;
asked after all his officers; during the day talked more than usual, and said:
"Men who live through this war will be proud to say, 'I was one of the Stonewall
brigade,' to their children." He insisted that the term Stonewall belonged to
them, and not to him.
During the ride to Guiney's he
complained greatly of heat, and besides wet applications to his wounds, begged
that a wet cloth be applied to his stomach, which was done, greatly to his
relief, as he expressed it. He slept well on Monday night, and ate with relish
the next morning. On Tuesday his wounds were doing very well. He asked, "Can you
tell me, from the appearance of my wounds, how long I will be kept from the
field?" He was greatly satisfied when told they were doing remarkably well. He
did not complain of any pain in his side, and wanted to see the members of his
staff, but was advised not. On Wednesday his wounds looked remarkably well. He
expected to go to Richmond this day, but was prevented by rain. This night,
while his surgeon, who had slept none for three nights, was asleep, he
complained of nausea, and ordered his boy, Jim, to place a wet towel over his
stomach. This was done. About daylight the surgeon was awakened by the boy
saying, "The General is in great pain." The pain was in the right side, and due
to incipient pneumonia and some nervousness, which he himself attributed to the
fall from the litter. On Thursday Mrs. Jackson arrived, greatly to his joy and
satisfaction, and she faithfully nursed him to the end. By Thursday evening all
pain had ceased. He suffered greatly from prostration. On Friday he suffered no
pain, but prostration increased.
On Sunday morning, when it was
apparent that he was rapidly sinking, Mrs. Jackson was informed of his
condition. She then had free and full converse with him, and told him he was
going to die. He said: "Very good; very good. It is all right." He had
previously said: "I consider these wounds a blessing. They were given me for
some good and wise purpose. I would not part with them if I could." He asked of
Major Pendleton: "Who is preaching at head-quarters to-day?" He sent messages to
all the Generals. He expressed a wish to be buried in Lexington, in the valley
of Virginia. During delirium his mind reverted to the battle-field, and he sent
orders to General A. P. Hill to prepare for action, and to Major Hawks, his
Commissary, and to the surgeons. He frequently expressed to his aids his wish
that Major-General Ewell should be ordered to command his corps. His confidence
in General Ewell was very great, and the manner in which he spoke of him showed
that he had duly considered the matter.
The Fashion Book for Ladies!—"LE
BON TON" Journal de Modes is the best, cheapest, and most reliable Magazine ever
imported from Paris. The June Number, given in French and English, abounds with
novelty, style, and elegance; consisting of Bonnets, Ladies' and Children's
Dresses, besides a number of the most beautiful Mantillas for Summer. Each
Number gives two full-sized patterns; one of those, in the present Number, is a
beautiful Mantilla, worth twice the price charged for the book. Subscription,
one year (monthly), $5; single copy, 50 cents. Address S. T. TAYLOR, 407
Broadway, New York.
New Music. — "Shall we Meet
I Remember the Hour when sadly we
Parted; answer to "When this Cruel War is Over." Kingdom coming. Each 25 cents.
Musicians' Omnibus, 700 Tunes for Violin, Flute, Cornet, &c. $1, post-paid.
FREDERICK BLUME, 208 Bowery, N.
FRIENDS OP SOLDIERS!
All Articles for Soldiers at
Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union
troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway.
Sutlers charged low rates.
ALL THAT IT CLAIMS TO BE.
So many compounds for the hair
are offered for sale and unduly praised, that we confess we had no expectation
of finding in Burnett's Cocoaine the qualities which it was said to possess. In
this we have been disappointed. Members of our family who have tried it, indorse
it as possessing superior hair-dressing properties; while its freedom from
greasiness, the lustre that it imparts to hair, and its economy, have given it a
permanent place on the toilet table.
We have no hesitancy in
recommending it as being equal to all that it claims to be.—Chicago New
Owing to the increased cost of
all material used in the manufacture of Cocoaine and our other preparations, we
have been compelled to advance the price. Our standard QUANTITY and QUALITY will
JOS. BURNETT & CO., Boston. Sold
by all druggists throughout the country.
T. J. CROWEN,
Publisher, Bookseller, and Fancy
Stationer, has removed to No. 843 Broadway, near 14th St., Roosevelt Building,
where it will give him pleasure to serve his customers the same as at his former
The Curative will soon soften the
Corn by its peculiar qualities, and it can be easily removed, leaving the feet
free from any disagreeable sensation. The boot or shoe can be worn at all times
after the application with ease. Send for circular. Sold by Druggists, and sent
by mail at 50 cents, $1, and $2. OFFICE 212 BROADWAY, N. Y. Corns, Bunions,
Calosities, Club, and Inverted Nails, Vascular Excrescences, Enlarged and
Diseased Joints, Frosted and Blistered Feet, Chilblains, and all kindred
ailments of the Feet, skillfully and successfully treated by Dr. J. R. Briggs,
Surgeon Chiropodist, 212 Broadway, N.Y.
Schaffer, Son, & Co.
MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS OF
ALL THE LEADING RICH AND MOST POPULAR STYLES OF JEWELRY, WITH THE VIEW OF
INCREASING THEIR BUSINESS TO AN UNLIMITED EXTENT, OFFER THE FOLLOWING ELEGANT
ORNAMENTS AT THE UNSURPASSED LOW PRICES FOLLOWING:
VEST CHAINS, of many new and
original styles. Parisien, new, $1. Hexagon, intricate, $2. All-the-Go,
stranded, $3. Peace Keepsake, $5. Demoniac, heavy, $6. Alexandra, $8.
LADIES' SETS OF JEWELRY,
consisting of Pin and Ear Drops to correspond. Florentine, Paintings, and Jet,
per set, $2. Enameled and Chased, $3. Coral, intwined, $3. Garnet, Turquois,
brilliant, &c., $5. Stone, Mosaic, or Im. Diamond, $8.
RINGS, of the most fashionable
and desirable styles. Plain, Scale, Seal, and Chased, $1. Signet and Shield, all
sizes, $2. Fancy Stone Signet, $3. California Diamond, $5. Enameled, in cluster,
BOSOM AND SCARF PINS. Handsomely
mounted, and of all fashionable designs, Scroll and Leaf, $1. Clutched Hand,
with stone, $2. Brazilian Diamond, $3. Cluster, Im. Diamond, $5. Ditto, with
handsome pin, ball, and chain, $6.
SLEEVE BUTTONS AND STUDS, in
sets. An extensive variety of patterns, comprising every conceivable design.
Engine-turned and engraved, $1. Solitaire, unique and handsome, $2. Ditto,
enameled, with stones, $3.
LOCKETS, all double glasses.
Engine-turned and engraved, $1. Larger, $2. An imitation of a lady's watch, a
superb ornament, $4. Ditto, superior, $5.
GOLD PENS AND PENCILS, made by
ourselves, and warranted. Silver mounted, extension, holder and pen, $1. Ditto,
larger size, $2. Business, a very superior article, $3.
Parties wishing any of the above
have only to remit the price in a letter plainly addressed, as below, and the
articles will be sent by return mail free of expense.
ON ORDERS OF ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
AND UPWARD, A DISCOUNT OF TWENTY-FIVE PER CENT. WILL BE DEDUCTED FROM THE ABOVE
PRICES. Great inducements offered Sutlers, Gift Enterprises, &c. Address
SCHAFFER, SON, & CO.,
169 Broadway, New York.
THE SUMMER NUMBER of Mme.
DEMOREST'S MIRROR OF FASHIONS, the most splendid No. ever issued, now ready.
Single, 25 cents; Yearly, $1, with a Valuable Premium of Patterns, &c. Also, to
each Yearly Subscriber, before September next, will be given a Splendid Carte de
Visite of GEN. TOM THUMB AND WIFE, COM. NUTT, MINNIE WARREN, and P. T. BARNUM in
a Group, beside the usual premiums. Splendid Premiums to Clubs. See Mirror of
Fashions, or send for a Circular. Address Mme. Demorest, No. 473 Broadway.
TRUSSES.—Marsh's Radical Cure
Truss Office, corner of Broadway and Ann Street. No connection whatever with any
other Truss Office of same name. A female attends Ladies.
Insoles, Belts and Armlets.
The Galvano Electro Metallic
Insoles, Voltaic Belts, Armlets, &c., are the surest remedy (as thousands who
have used them in great Britain and the United States can testify) for curing
Rheumatism, Gout, Dropsy, Neuralgia, and all nervous diseases, being a safe,
certain, and mostly instantaneous remedy. METTAM & CO., Proprietors, No. 429
Broadway, N. Y.
Insoles, $1; Armlets, $1.50;
Belts, $3. Send for circular. Sent by mail for 25 cents additional.
Barnum's American Museum.
For a Short Time only.
Commencing Monday, May 25th, 1863.
The Manager is happy to announce
a short engagement, though
At an Enormous Expense,
Of the famous
GEN. TOM THUMB,
HIS BEAUTIFUL LITTLE WIFE,
Late Miss LAVINIA WARREN, whose
beauty, grace, accomplishments, and affability so lately captivated the hearts
of hundreds of thousands of Museum Visitors. Also the equally renowned
COM. NUTT and MINNIE WARREN,
four wondrously formed and
strangely beautiful ladies and gentlemen in Miniature.
The Greatest Wonders in the
A MARRIED COUPLE, A BACHELOR AND
BELLE, all four weighing but 100 pounds!
They will be seen Day and
Evening. Splendid Dramatic Performances daily, at 3 and 7 3/4 o'clock P.M.
At your own Homes.
THOUSANDS CAN REALIZE A HUNDRED
DOLLARS WEEKLY. —No utensils required except those found in every household;
profits 100 per cent.; demand staple as flour. It is the greatest discovery of
the age. Full particulars sent on receipt of two stamps for return postage.
Address C. MUNRO, BROWN & CO., No. 74 Bleecker Street, N. Y.
Pensions, Bounty, Pay, Prize
Money, for Soldiers and Sailors,
or heirs, promptly collected. Soldiers discharged for wounds, entitled to
bounty, we send our Hand-Book of Information and Circular, with Lists of Prices,
by enclosing address, with stamp to pay return postage. SOMES, BROWN & CO., 2
Park Place, New York, and 476 7th Street, Washington, D. C.
607 Broadway, New York.
C. W. FRENCH, 607 Broadway, N. Y.
Next of Kin—Heirs, &c.,
Wanted—Unclaimed Money—Being exact copies of Advertisements from the English,
Colonial, European, American, East Indian, and Australian papers for the last 80
years relating to several thousand names and descriptions of persons wanted to
claim property to the value of many millions of pounds sterling, in Great
Britain, America, and various parts of the world. Fee to search for name, $3.
Copy of advertisement $7, in bankable funds. All letters must be pre-paid.
ROBERT GUN (GUN & CO.), 17
Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, London, England.
$1 VAN ANDEN'S ONE DOLLAR $1
PORTABLE COPYING PRESS.
Acknowledged by all who have used
it to be, in all respects, unequaled. Sent free by mail. Liberal discount to
agents and the trade. HANNAH & CO., No. 335 Broadway, N. Y., Room No. 1. Send
for a circular.
NATIONAL AMERICAN AMUSEMENT
CARDS. Colonel for King, Goddess of Liberty for Queen, and Major for Jack. 52
enameled cards to the pack. Eagles, Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and
you can play all the usual games. Three packs mailed free on receipt of One
Dollar. The usual discount to the trade. Send for a Circular. Address AMERICAN
14 Chambers Street, New York.
DIRECTION LABELS AND TAGS.—All
kinds white and colored, printed and plain, in quantities to suit purchasers, at
VICTOR E. MAUGER'S, 115 Chambers St.
Have the pleasure of announcing
to their numerous Friends and Patrons in the Army, that they are prepared to
fill orders and transmit parcels BY MAIL, with the utmost care and promptitude.
Watches so forwarded are registered; we take upon ourselves all risks of
transportation, and guarantee a safe delivery. Just received, by European
steamers, several large importations of that deservingly popular novelty, the
WITH HEAVY STERLING SILVER CASES,
ESPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ARMY SALES? Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper of Feb.
21, 1863, says: "HUBBARD'S TIMEKEEPERS are becoming proverbial for their
accuracy and reliability. They are particularly valuable for officers in the
army and travelers." The Army and Navy Gazette, of Philadelphia, in its Number
of May 9th, reviewing this watch, says: "We are pleased to see that this
importation of the Hubbard Bros. is meeting the enormous sale that such
extraordinary enterprise as theirs so richly merits. These watches are novelties
produced by no other house, far exceeding other manufactures in point of
accuracy and elegance. Fidelity and promptness to their patrons render the house
a desirable medium for traders in the Army. The RAILWAY TIMEKEEPER has HEAVY
SOLID STERLING SILVER CASES, beautiful white enamel dial, handsome gold hands,
with superior regulated movement, warranted to run and keep excellent time!
Price per case of a half dozen, $54. By mail, $1.65 additional for postage.
Should retail readily at from $20 to $50 each. Not sold in quantities of less
than six. Also the celebrated
THE PERFECTION OF MECHANISM,
BEING A LADY'S OR GENTLEMAN'S WATCH IN ONE, AND A HUNTING AND OPEN-FACE
COMBINED, WITH PATENT SELF-WINDING IMPROVEMENT. The N. Y. Illustrated News, in
its issue of Jan. 10th, 1863, on page 147, voluntarily says: "We have been shown
a most pleasing novelty, of which the HUBBARD BROS., of New York, are the sole
importers. It is called the MAGIC TIME OBSERVER, and is a Hunting and Open Face
Watch combined. One of the prettiest, most convenient, and decidedly the best
and cheapest timepiece for general and reliable use ever offered. It has within
it and connected with its machinery, its own winding attachment, rendering a key
entirely unnecessary. The cases of this Watch are composed of two metals, the
outer one being fine 16 carat gold. It has the improved ruby action lever
movement, and is warranted au accurate timepiece." Price, superbly engraved, per
case of half dozen, $204. Sample Watches, in neat morocco boxes, for those
proposing to buy at wholesale, $35. If sent by mail the postage is 36 cents.
TERMS CASH, REQUIRED IN ADVANCE
IN ALL INSTANCES. Remittances may be made in United States money or draft
payable to our order; if sent by express or mail, in a registered letter at our
risk. No Circulars or Agents.
WATCHES FOR THE ARMY CAN ONLY BE
FORWARDED BY MAIL. Address
HUBBARD BROS., Sole Importers,
North cor. John and Nassau
Streets, New York.
CHLOASMA, OR MOTH PATCHES.
Blemishes on the face, called
Moth, are very annoying, particularly to ladies of light complexion, as the
discolored spots on the skin show more strongly on blondes than on brunettes,
but they contribute greatly in marring the beauty on either; and any thing that
will remove moth patches without injuring the skin in texture or color, would no
doubt be considered a great achievement in medical science. Dr. B. C. PERRY,
having devoted his whole time and attention to Diseases of the Skin, will
guarantee to remove Moth Patches, Freckles, and other discolorations from the
face without injury to either texture or color of the skin. His success in this,
as in other branches of his speciality—DISEASES OF THE SCALP and LOSS OF
HAIR—will warrant him in guaranteeing a CURE IN EVERY CASE. For full
particulars, address, enclosing stamp for a circular,
DR. B. C. PERRY, No. 49 Bond
Street, New York.
All Consultations Free.
LANDS.—A Rare Opportunity for all
Wanting Farms, in the purge New England settlement of Hammonton, 30 miles
southeast of Philadelphia; fine climate; best fruit soil and markets in the
Union; $15 to $20 per acre. Terms easy. For full information apply to R. J.
BYRNES, Hammnonton, New Jersey. Letters answered. Route to the laud.—Leave Vine
Street Wharf, Philadelphia, at 7 1/2 A.M. or 3 1/2 P.M. for Hammonton.
Nature has Provided a Remedy
For every Disease. — Dr. O. PHELPS BROWN has lately published a Treatise on
Foreign and Native Herbal Preparations for the positive and permanent cure of
Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma, Dyspepsia, Liver Complaint, Fits, Scrofula, and
General Debility, which he will send free to all on receipt of a stamp for
return postage. Address Dr. O. PHELPS BROWN, No. 19 Grand Street, Jersey City,
Miller & Grant, 703 Broadway, N. Y.,
RICH LACES, PARIS EMBROIDERIES, UNSURPASSED
in STYLE; also a great VARIETY of SHETLAND, LAMA, and CHANTILLY SHAWLS, to which
they invite the attention of Purchasers.