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Page) were posted around the town so as to prevent all escape, and
the work of pillage and murder at once commenced. The attack was wholly
unexpected, and there was not the least show of resistance. The citizens were
massacred by the light of their burning homes, and their bodies flung into wells
and cisterns. In one case twelve men were driven into a building, where they
were shot down, and the house burned over their bodies. The number of victims is
stated at 180, including the Mayor and the principal citizens. Only one hotel
was left standing, and this was spared because the guerrilla chief had been
formerly entertained there free of expense. Two of the banks were plundered, and
the third escaped because the marauders could not force the safe in time. The
total loss of property is put down at two millions of dollars. No other such
instance of wanton brutality has occurred during the American war. The names of
Nena Sahib in India, Cut-Nose in Minnesota, and Quantrill in Kansas will go down
in history together.
MORRIS ISLAND SKETCHES.
OUR special correspondent before
Charleston sends us a series of sketches from Morris Island which we reproduce
on page 565.
No 1 shows the Mortar Schooners and Wooden Gun-boats bombarding Fort Wagner and
Battery Gregg. No. 2 is a view of the Light-house at Light-house Inlet,
by the rebels in February, 1862.
The lower part of the Light-house was of brick: this was blown up, and the
debris of the structure lay scattered around, as shown by our artist. No. 3
represents the Examining of Passes on the beach at Morris Island, our iron-clad
fleet being visible in the distance. No. 4 represents the Grand Guard marching
to, and the Negro Fatigue-Party returning at dark from, the trenches in front of
Fort Wagner. The Grand Guard are in full uniform without knapsacks. The
Fatigue-Party, in shirt sleeves, with trowsers rolled up, have their blankets
slung over the right shoulder, and carry their canteens and haversacks. The
officer is white.
INSTEAD of "Stonewall
Jackson" with his dashing achievements, the rebel cavalry in Virginia
have now nothing better to show than the performances of Moseby and his
guerrillas, "citizens by day and soldiers by night." Aided by a perfect
knowledge of the country and by information furnished by their sympathizers,
they have succeeded in capturing quite a number of sutlers' trains, and escaping
with a portion of their booty. These guerrilla enterprises, while they exert no
influence upon the issue of the war, are annoying, and must be prevented. They
are only possible through the connivance of the inhabitants of the region where
they take place, and these should be held accountable
for all the damage done by their
friends. If this rule is strictly enforced, the aiders and abettors of these
marauding gangs will find that they are carrying on a losing business.
BOMBARDMENT OF CHARLESTON FORTS.
THE formal attack upon
Fort Sumter was commenced on the 17th of
August. The results of the first day's work is given in the following extracts
from the official report of Admiral Dahlgren, dated on the 18th:
Yesterday was begun another
series of operations against the enemy's works. Early in the morning
General Gilmore opened all his batteries upon
Fort Sumter, firing over Fort Wagner and the intervening space. About the same
time I moved up the entire available naval force, leading with my flag in the
Weehawken, followed by the Kaatskill, Nahant, and Montauk, the Passaic and
Patapsco in reserve for Sumter—the Ironsides in position opposite to Wagner, and
the gun-boats at long range.
As the tide rose the
Weehawken was closed to about 450 yards off
Wagner; the other three Monitors followed, and the Ironsides was taken as near
as her great draft of water permitted. After a steady and well-directed fire
Wagner was silenced about 9.13 A.M., and that of our own vessels was slackened
in consequence. Meanwhile the fire of our shore batteries was working
effectually upon the gorge of Sumter, which appeared to have been strengthened
in every possible manner.
At this time the flag was shifted
to the Passaic, which, with the Patapsco, both having rifle-guns, steamed up the
channel until within 2000 yards of Fort Sumter, when fire was opened on the
gorge, angle, and southeast front of the work. The Patapsco fired very well, and
is believed to have struck the southeast front nine consecutive times. To all
this Sumter scarcely replied. Wagner was silenced,
and Battery Gregg alone
maintained a deliberate fire at the Passaic and Patapsco. It was now noon; the
men had been hard at work from daybreak, and needed rest; so I withdrew the
vessels to give them dinner.
During the afternoon our shore
batteries continued the fire at Sumter, with little or no reply from the enemy,
and I contented myself with sending up the Passaic and Patapsco to prevent
Wagner from repairing damages. The fort replied briskly, but in a short time
left off firing. I am not able to state with exactness the result of the day's
work, but I am well satisfied with what a distinct view of Sumter allowed me.
Our entire power is not yet developed, as it will be daily, while the enemy is
damaged without being able to repair.
The officers and men of the
vessels have done their duty well, and will continue to do so. All went well
with us, save one sad exception, Captain Rodgers, my Chief-of-Staff, was killed,
as well as Pay-master Woodbury, who was standing near him.
It is but natural that I should
feel deeply the loss thus sustained, for the close and confidential relations
which the duties of fleet captain necessarily occasioned impressed me deeply
with the worth of Captain Rodgers. Brave, intelligent, and highly capable,
devoted to his duty and to the flag under which he passed his life, the country
can not afford to lose such men. Of a kind and generous nature, he was always
prompt to give relief when he could.
I have directed that all respect
be paid to his remains, and the country will not, I am sure, omit to honor the
memory of one who has not spared his life in her hour of trial.
Any further details of the siege
Charleston that come to hand will be found in
the column of general news on