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then proceeded to the consideration of District of Columbia ' business, but
adjourned without effecting any thing. On Friday, 11th, in the Senate, Senator
Hunter, of Virginia, on the present condition of affairs in the country. tie was
followed by Senator Harlan, of Iowa.—In the House, Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois,
asked leave to offer a resolution recommending the President to confer
General Scott the power of Commander-in-Chief of the Army and
Navy, with a charge to see that the Republic receives no detriment. Objection
was made, and no action was taken on it. The House, then, after the consideretion of private bills, passed the Civil and Miscellaneous Appropriation
bill, and adjourned.
The Special Message of President Buchanan in reference to the present agitated
condition of the country, and particularly regarding the recent action of South
Carolina, was on 9th sent to Congress. The Message was prepared immediately on
the departure of the South Carolina Commissioners from
Washington, after their
ineffectual endeavor to induce the Administration to surrender the
Charleston Harbor to the new State. The most important feature
of the document is in reference to the execution of the Federal laws and the
protection of the Federal property. The President says there is no alternative
but to collect the revenue at
Charleston, and to protect the public property as
far as practicable under existing laws. The right and duty to use the military
and naval forces against those who illegally assail the Government are clear and
indisputable; but he considers the present state of things revolutionary, and
beyond Executive control, and throws the whole responsibility of action in the
emergency upon Congress, which alone has the power to declare war, or to remove
a grievance which might lead to war. He therefore appeals to Congress to take
some measures to preserve the Union, and suggests the restoration of the old 36°
30' Compromise line as calculated to produce a good result. He alleges, as a
reason for the delay in sending reinforcements to
Major Anderson, that such an
action would have furnished the pretext, if not the provocation, for aggression
on the part of South Carolina, and at the same time admits that had
Moultrie been attacked
Major Anderson could not have held possession more than
THE HOUSE PERILOUS
The House Special Committee of Thirty-three have closed their deliberations, and
will probably soon be ready to report. The two propositions submitted by Mr.
Dunn, of Indiana—that laws be passed to protect the States from armed invasion,
and to secure the safety of citizens of the several States while traveling or
sojourning in other States—were the last ones agreed to. The propositions which
had been previously adopted, provided for the admission of New Mexico ; for the
amendment of the
Fugitive Slave Law, by giving a trial by jury at the place of
escape, and requesting Northern States to repeal the Personal Liberty Laws, and
for such an amendment of the Constitution as will make it impossible ever
hereafter to amend it so as to interfere with
Slavery in the States.
The select treason committee of the House has been named by the Speaker, as
follows: Howard, of Michigan, Republican ; Hickman, of Pennsylvania, Republican
; Dawes, of Massachusetts, Republican ; John Cochrane, of New York, Democrat ;
Branch, of North Carolina, Democrat.
AND THE PRESIDENT.
The correspondence between the South Carolina Commissioners
and President Buchanan appears in the papers. It consists of three letters, the
first dated December 29, from the Commissioners to the President, in which they
demand, as a preliminary to all negotiations, a disapproval by the President of
the act of
Major Anderson in
seizing Fort Sumter; the second, dated December 30,
from the President, in which, while admitting that
Major Anderson acted without
express orders, he yet refuses to repudiate the act ; and the third, dated
January 1, in which the Commissioners attempt to refute the allegations of the
President's letter in which he justifies
Major Anderson's conduct. This last
letter the President returned to the Commissioners with the following
endorsement on its back: "This paper, just presented to the President, is of
such a character that he declines to receive it."
Since our last several changes have been made in the
Thompson, of the Interior, resigned on 8th ; he has not been replaced. On 11th,
Secretary Thomas resigned, and was succeeded by John A. Dix, of New York.
Holt continues to act as Secretary of War.
WHY MR. THOMPSON
The following correspondence has been published:
"SIR,—It is with extreme regret I have just learned that additional troops have
been ordered to
Charleston. This subject has been frequently discussed in
Cabinet Council ; and when, on Monday night, 31st December ultimo, the orders
for reinforcements to
Fort Sumter were countermanded, I distinctly understood
from you that no order of the kind would be made without being previously
considered and decided in Cabinet. It is true that on Wednesday, January 2, this
subject was again discussed in Cabinet, but certainly no conclusion was reached,
and the War Department was not justified in ordering reinforcements without
something more than was then said. I learn, however, this morning, for the first
time, that the steamer
the West sailed from New York last Saturday night with two hundred and
fifty men, under Lieutenant Bartlett, bound for Fort Sumter. Under these
circumstances I feel myself bound to resign my commission, as one of your
Constitutional advisers, into your hands. With high respect, your obedient
MR. BUCHANAN READILY
January 9, 1861.
"SIR,—I have received and accepted your resignation, on yesterday, of the office
of Secretary of the Interior.
" On Monday evening, 31st December, 1860, I suspended
the orders which had been issued by the War and Navy Departments to send the Brooklyn with reinforcements
to Fort Sumter. Of this I informed you on the same evening.
I stated to you my reason for this suspension, which you knew, from its nature,
would be speedily removed. In consequence of your request, however, I promised
that these orders should not be renewed ' without being previously
considered and decided in Cabinet.' This promise was faithfully observed on my
part. In order to carry it into effect I called a special Cabinet meeting on
Wednesday, 2d January, 1861,
in which the question of sending reinforcements to
Fort Sumter was amply
discussed both by yourself and others. The decided majority of opinions was
against you. At this moment the answer of the South Carolina ' Commissioners' to
my communication to them of 31st December was received and read. It produced
much indignation among the members of the Cabinet. After a farther
brief conversation I employed the following language : ' It is now all over, and
reinforcements must be sent.' Judge Black said, at the moment of my decision,
that after this letter the Cabinet would be unanimous, and I heard no dissenting
voice. Indeed, the spirit and tone of the letter left no doubt on my mind that
Fort Sumter would be immediately attacked, and hence the necessity of sending
reinforcements there without delay.
" While you admit 'that on Wednesday, January 2, this subject was again
discussed in Cabinet,' you say, ' but certainly no conclusion was reached, and
the War Department was not justified in ordering reinforcements without
something more than was then said.' You are certainly mistaken in alleging that
no conclusion was reached.' In this your recollection is entirely
different from that of your four oldest colleagues in the Cabinet. Indeed, my
language was so unmistakable that the Secretaries of War and the Navy proceeded
to act upon it without any further intercourse with myself than what you heard
or might have heard me say. You had been so emphatic in opposing
that I thought you would resign
in consequence of my decision. I deeply regret that you have been mistaken in
point of fact, though I firmly believe honestly mistaken. Still it is certain
you have not the less been mistaken.
"Yours, very respectfully, JAMES
Mississippi State Convention on 8th adopted an ordinance providing for
immediate secession from the Union. Reports from Jackson, the capital of
Mississippi, confirm this news. On 10th, Florida seceded by 62 to 7. On 11th,
Alabama seceded by 61 to 39.
UNION ADDRESS OF
THE GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND.
Governor Hicks has published an address to the citizens of Maryland, giving his
reasons for refusing to convene the Legislature. It fills two columns of the
American, and abounds in the most emphatic Union sentiments. The
following are extracts:
"I firmly believe that a division
of this Government would inevitably produce civil war. The secession leaders in
South Carolina, and the fanatical demagogues of the North, have alike proclaimed
that such would be the result, and no man of sense, in my opinion, can question
it. What could the Legislature do in this crisis, if convened, to remove the
present troubles which beset the Union? We are told by the leading spirits of
the South Carolina Convention,
that neither the election of
Mr. Lincoln nor the non-execution of the Fugitive
Slave law, nor both combined, constitute their grievances. They declare that the
real cause of their discontent dates as far back as 1833. Maryland, and every
other State in the Union, with a united voice, then declared the cause
insufficient to justify the course of South Carolina. Can it be that this
people, who then unanimously supported the cause of General Jackson, will now
yield their opinions at the bidding of modern Secessionists. I have been told
that the position of Maryland should be defined, so that both sections can
understand it. Do any really understand her position? Who that wishes to
understand it can fail to do so? If the action of the Legislature would be
simply to declare that Maryland is with the South in sympathy and feeling ; that
she demands from the North the repeal of offensive, unconstitutional
statutes, and appeals to it for new guaranties;
that she will wait reasonable time for the North to purge her statute books and
to do justice to her Southern brethren, and if her appeals are vain, will make
common cause with her sister border States in resistance to tyranny if need be,
it would only be saying what the whole country well knows, and what may be said
much more effectually by her people themselves in their meetings than by the
Legislature chosen eighteen months since, when none of these questions were
raised before them. That Maryland is a conservative Southern State all know who
know any thing of her people or her history. The business and agricultural
classes—planters, merchants, mechanics, and laboring
men—those who have a real stake in the community, who would be forced to pay the
taxes and do the fighting, are the persons who should be heard in preference to
ex-cited politicians, many of whom, having nothing to lose from the destruction
of the Government, may hope to de-rive some gain from the ruin of the State.
Such men will naturally urge you to pull down the pillars of this ' ac-cursed
Union,' which their allies at the North have de-nominated a ' covenant with
"The people of Maryland, if left to themselves, would decide, with scarcely an
exception, that there is nothing in the present causes of complaint to justify
immediate secession; and yet, against our judgments and solemn convictions of
duty, we are to be precipitated into this revolution, because South Carolina
thinks differently. Are we not equals ? Or shall her opinions control our
actions ? After we have solemnly declared for ourselves, as every man must do,
are we to be forced to yield our opinions to those of another State, and thus,
in effect, obey her mandates ? She refuses to wait for our counsels. Are we
bound to obey her commands ?
The men who have embarked in this scheme to convene the Legislature will spare
no pains to carry their point. The whole plan of operations in the event of the
assembling of the Legislature is, as I have been informed, already marked out,
the list of Ambassadors who are to visit the other States is agreed on, and the
resolutions which they hope will be passed by the Legislature, fully committing
this State to secession, are said to be already prepared.
" In the course of nature I can not have long to live, and I fervently trust to
be allowed to end my days a citizen of this glorious Union. But should I be
compelled to witness the downfall of that Government inherited from our fathers,
established, as it were, by the special favor of God, I will at least have the
consolation, at my dying hour, that I neither by word or deed assisted in
hastening its disruption. THOMAS H. HICKS."
MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA.
Governor Letcher's Message, alluding to the condition of the country, says: All
see, know, and feel that danger is imminent, and all true patriots are exerting
themselves to save us from impending perils. He renews his proposition in his
last Message for a convention of all the States, and says : "It is monstrous to
see a government like ours destroyed merely because men can not agree about a
domestic institution. It becomes our State to be mindful of her own interests.
Disruption is inevitable, and if confederations are to be formed we must have
the best guarantees before we can attach Virginia to either." He condemns the
hasty action of South Carolina, which has taken her Southern sisters by
surprise. He would make no special reference to her course had he not been
invited to do so by her late Executive in uncalled-for reference to Virginia.
The non-slaveholding States are chargeable for the present condition of affairs,
and if the Union is disrupted, upon them rest the solemn responsibility. He
alludes at length to their aggressions, and says they have the power to end the
strife and restore confidence. Will they do it? He awaits their response, not
without apprehension. He says, Our action should be based on the wrongs done our
own people." He opposes a State Convention at this time, and suggests, "First:
That a commission of two of the most discreet statesmen visit the Legislatures
of the States which have passed Personal Liberty Bills, and insist on their
unconditional repeal, except the New England States. Second: We must have proper
and effective guarantees for the protection of slavery in the District of
Columbia. Third: Our equality in the States and Territories must be fully
recognized, and the rights of person and property adequately protected and
secured; that we must be permitted to pass through the free States and
Territories unmolested; and if a slave be abducted, the State where it is lost
must pay its value. Fourth : Like guarantees that the transmission of slaves
between the slaveholding States by land or water shall not be interfered with.
Fifth : The passage and enforcement of right laws for the punishment of such
persons in the free States as organize, or aid and abet in any mode whatsoever
in organizing, companies with a view to assail the slaveholding States, and to
incite the slaves to insurrection. Sixth: The general Government to be deprived
of the power of appointing to local offices in the slaveholding States persons
hostile to their institutions or inimical to their rights." The Governor further
says he will regard the attempt of the Federal troops to pass across Virginia
for the purpose of coercing a Southern State as an act of invasion which must be
repelled. He is not without a hope that the present difficulties will find a
satisfactory solution. Let New England and Western New York be sloughed off, and
let them form an alliance with Canada."
SEIZURE OF FORTS AT THE SOUTH.
The Baton Rouge arsenal (Louisiana) was taken possession of by the State troops
on 11th. All the fortifications are now in possession of the Louisiana troops.
The United States arsenal at Baton Rouge, in command of Major Haskins and two
companies, refused to surrender. The arsenal was surrounded by six hundred State
troops, and a parley was held between Governor Moore and Major Haskins, which
finally resulted in the surrender of the garrison. There was no opposition in
taking the other forts.
The State of Georgia has seized
Fort Pulaski, in the
A private dispatch to the Courier says that the Federal troops have abandoned
all the forte in
Fort Pickens, where they are concentrated, and that three hundred men
Mobile to surprise Fort Pickens.
A telegram, dated
Wilmington, North Carolina, January 10, says :
and Caswell were taken possession of on the night of the 8th by the Smithville
TOUCHING SCENE AT FORT SUMTER.
The Baltimore American has the
following story : One of the Baltimoreans who recently returned from
Fort Sumter details an impressive incident that took
place there on
Major Anderson taking possession. It is known that the American
flag brought away from
Fort Moultrie was raised at
Sumter precisely at noon on
the 27th ultimo, but the incidents of that 'flag raising' have not been related.
It was a scene that will be a memorable reminiscence in the lives of those who
witnessed it. A short time before noon,
Major Anderson assembled the whole of
his little force, with the workmen employed on the fort, around the foot of the
flag-staff. The national ensign was attached to the cord, and Major Anderson,
holding the end of the lines in his hands, knelt reverently down. The officers,
soldiers, and men clustered around, many of them on their knees, all deeply
impressed with the solemnity of the scene.
The chaplain made an earnest prayer
such an appeal for support, encouragement, and mercy, as one would make who
felt that ' Man's extremity is God's opportunity.' As the earnest, solemn words
of the speaker ceased, and the men responded Amen with a fervency that perhaps
they had never before experienced,
Major Anderson drew the ' Star
Spangled Banner' up to the top of the staff, the band broke out with the
national air of ' Hail Columbia,' and loud and exultant cheers, repeated again
and again, were given by the officers, soldiers, and workmen. ' If,' said the
narrator, 'South Carolina had at that moment attacked the fort, there would have
been no hesitation upon the part of any man within it about defending that
UNION MEETING AT BALTIMORE.
An immense Union meeting was held at Baltimore on Thursday night, at which the
secessionists, who attempted to make a disturbance, were promptly hustled out,
amidst cheers for the Union and for
NEW YORK SPEAKING OUT.
Both branches of the New York State Legislature, on 11th, concurred in adopting
a preamble and resolutions presented by Speaker Littlejohn, commending the
recent Message of President Buchanan, tendering to him what-ever aid in men and
money he may require to enforce the laws, complimenting the Union-loving
Representatives and citizens of the Border Slave States upon the patriotism and
courage with which they stand by the Union, and requesting the Governor to send
copies of the resolutions to the President and the Governors of all the States.
In the Senate they were amended by declaring that treason exists in one or more
States, and only Mr. Grant voted against them. In the Assembly there were 117
votes in favor of, and only 2—Messrs. Cozans and Varian—against them.
SUFFERING IN CHARLESTON.
According to a dispatch in the Herald, terrible suffering already exists at Charleston. The " troops who have volunteered and presented themselves for
service are camped in unhealthy locations, and, in consequence of rain, swamps,
and miasma, are suffering from disease. No vessels loading, no business doing,
women weeping, and men overcome by sickness, and the city in the hands of a mob,
is the bulletin travelers present of the condition of things at the present
NEGRO INSURRECTIONS IN ALABAMA.
A gentleman in Troy has received a private letter dated at Hayneville, Alabama,
December 25, which says : "Our people are greatly excited now on two subjects,
the certain withdrawal of Alabama from the Union and negro insurrections. About
twenty miles from here they have discovered a plot among the negroes, headed by
a white man, or perhaps more than one, to rise on the 26th of this month and
murder all the white folks they could find. The plot was providentially
discovered, the white men arrested, and, after establishing their guilt beyond a
doubt, they were hung up, together with five or six negroes. To-day I
hear of another plot about thirty miles from here, in another direction. Three
white men have been arrested and about thirty negroes—report says they will hang
today. The white men are Northern men."
HORRIBLE MURDER BY SLAVES.
A dispatch from Baltimore confirms the report of the murder of Mr. Lucius
Woodruff, in Northampton County, Virginia, on Monday last, by four of his
slaves. The principal in the murder had escaped, but the other three were in
custody. Great excitement prevailed in the neighbor-hood, and a determination
was expressed to hang the negroes at once.
The Charleston Mercury, at the close of an appeal to the Floridians to seize the
Pensacola and Key West,
threatens the seizure of the California treasure-ships by Southern
privateers. We copy :
" To our friends in Florida we would respectfully pass a word. There are two
powerful strong-holds and most important points of military offense and defense
in Florida—Pensacola and Key West. The States both of Georgia and Alabama have
wisely taken time by the forelock, and put themselves in possession of such
fortresses as lie within their
borders, simply because they do not choose that their territories should
be occupied, their commerce cut off, and the lives of their people put in
jeopardy by General Scott's or Mr. Buchanan's despotic theory of the powers and
duties of the executive officer of a consolidated, vulgar mobocracy. They have
chosen to ward off violence and out-rage by a timely precaution. If any thing
could tend to demonstrate to the executive at Washington the folly of attempting
the blockading of
Southern ports, it would be the late action of Georgia and
Alabama in regard to their forts. Yet it is impossible to tell to what
extremities folly and desperation may drive men. In this view, it is important
for the people of Florida to reflect that there are,
perhaps, no fortresses along our whole Southern coast more important than
those of Florida. These forts can command the whole Gulf trade. And should Mr.
Buchanan carry out what appears to be his present plan, he certainly must desire
to hold possession of these forts. He may thus, with the assistance of
war-steamers, block up the whole Gulf. But let Florida hold these forts, and the
entire aspect of affairs is changed. Such vessels, in time of war, will have no
port of entry, and must be supplied in every way from a very long distance, and
that at sea ; while the commerce of the North in the Gulf will fall an easy prey
to our bold privateers; and California gold will pay all such little expenses on
"We leave the matter for the reflection and decision of the people of Florida."
THE SUB-TREASURER AT CHARLESTON.
The War Department is in possession of information that the Governor of South
Carolina has forbidden the United States Sub-Treasurer at
Charleston paying the
drafts of the Paymaster in favor of Major Anderson and his command, and the
Sub-Treasurer has refused accordingly.
A dispatch dated Springfield, Illinois, January 10, says: The Journal of
tomorrow will contain an authorized announcement of
Mr. Seward's acceptance of
the Secretaryship of State. Mr. Lincoln received it by this morning's mail. The
offer was made through Mr. Weed. The Republicans are in ecstasies.
My statement that Mr. Cameron received no appointment is correct to the letter.
Advices have reached here that
Mr. Chase withdraws his definite declination of
the Secretaryship of the
Treasury, and that he will make his ultimate decision
known after consultation with his friends.
The Tribune says that Winter Davis, of Maryland, has been offered a seat in the
The Pennsylvania Legislature has elected Edgar Cowan, Republican, of
Westmoreland County, United States Senator, in place of Mr. Bigler, whose term
expires on the 4th of March next.
Ex-Governor Morrill was on 9th elected to the United States Senate, to fill the
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Mr. Hamlin, of Maine. The vote in the
Senate was unanimous.
Captain Hartstein, of the navy, from South Carolina,
has resigned, and will, it is said, embark his fortunes with the people
of the Palmetto State.
THE NEW-YEAR'S DAY ADDRESS.
IT was hinted that the Emperor's address on New-Year's Day would be eminently
pacific. The Nuncio being absent, the Russian Ambassador will be spokesman for
the corps diplomatique.
FRENCH OPINION ON SECESSION.
The Journal des Debats, speaking of the application of South Carolina to the
Emperor of France, says : "There is no doubt but that the
earnestly desire to secure the countenance of France ; and what shall we do in
this matter ? We have already done far too much in aiding formerly the American
States to obtain their in-dependence. Louis XVI. was rewarded only with the
in-gratitude of the Americans, and the revolutionary contagion brought over by
our officers was speedily inoculated throughout the whole of France. Can the
nation which has abolished slavery in its colonies lend its assistance
to these pseudo-republicans, who prefer a revolution to a mere
examination as to whether there exists any means by which, in a near or distant
future, the emancipation of blacks may be accomplished P These cotton-planters
address the Emperor as the protector of nationalities. What, then, is the
nationality oppressed at Charles-ton? We see only one oppression—that of four
millions of Africans who are held in slavery. And shall we lend our strength to
this liberal movement ? We have no interest in doing so. The Slave States would
not come any quicker to our
assistance, while the Northern States would harbor toward us an
inveterate rancor. Now these latter
States are more numerous,. rich, and populous than the future
confederation of the South can ever be. It is the North principally which is the
customer for our silks and articles of luxury, and which sends us its Hour in
ex-change. Every mark of sympathy given by France to the
Slave States would he followed by commercial reprisals by the Northern
States, and tariff and custom-house duties would soon interfere with our
products. Let us, therefore, remain
neutral in regard to dissensions which do not affect us. Let us leave the
Americans to weaken themselves by their quarrels, and show to the world the
impotence of re-publican forms to found a solid and permanent government. This
is the case, if ever, in which to apply the principle of nonintervention."
COUNT DE MORNY IN TROUBLE.
The connection of Count de Morny with financial speculations in mines, and the
occurrences which had taken place in connection therewith, were attracting
considerable attention in Paris. Cabinet councils had been held upon the
subject, and it was thought that legislative inquiry would result.
THE SIEGE OF GAETA.
Reports relative to the state of affairs at Gaeta continue contradictory. A
dispatch from Gaeta, of the 22d, says: The bombardment of the city is continued
with vigor. The Spanish embassador left his palace on account of its being
riddled with bullets. Two officers were struck while standing near the King. New
Sardinian batteries can be seen, and are evidently ready to take part in the
The garrison at Gaeta has been diminished in number by the dismissal of a
portion of the Royal Guard, whose fidelity was doubtful. The remaining defenders
were in a deplorable state, but their resistance could be carried on still
further for a considerable time.
THE CASE OF VENETIA.
The Times correspondent, at Vienna, is confident that nothing but brute force
can induce the Austrian Government to quit the quadrilateral.
There was a report that England and France had come to an understanding with
regard to Venetia, and that It joint Commission would shortly be sent to Vienna,
urging the cession of Venetia without any territorial recompense.
THE TREATY OF TIEN-TSIN.
The treaty of Tien-tsin was ratified and the convention
signed at Pekin, on the 24th of October, by Lord Elgin and Prince Kung.
The same formalities were gone through with Baron Gros on the following day.
The indemnity to be paid by the Chinese has been fixed at eight million taels in
The following is a summary of the convention: In article 1 the Emperor regrets
the misunderstanding at the Taku forts last year. Article 2 stipulates that a
British Minister shall reside at Pekin. Article 3 arranges the payment of the
indemnity by installments. Article 4 opens the port of Tien-tsin to trade.
Article 5 removes the interdict on emigration. Article 6 cedes Cowloon to the
British Crown. Article 7 provides for the immediate operation of the treaty of
Tien-tsin. Article 8 orders the promulgation of the treaty throughout China.
Article 9 stipulates for the evacuation of Chusan by the, British force.
THE FATE OF THE PRISONERS, AND THE BUTION.
The fate of the entire party of prisoners taken September 18 has been
ascertained. The death of Captain Brabazon
occurred on the 1st, and he was saved much suffering that others
underwent. He was beheaded by the or-der of a Tartar General. The Abbe De Luc
was beheaded at the same time. It was resolved that the Summer
Palace of the Emperor should be burned to the ground, as it was the spot
where some of the cruelties toward the prisoners had been perpetrated.
Proclamations were posted in Pekin informing the people of the measures that
were to be taken, and the reasons for their adoption. The gardens, palaces,
temples, and pagodas occupied a space of six or seven miles in extent. Two days
were required effectually to set fire to and destroy all the buildings.
The loss on the property destroyed exceeded £2,000,000,
exclusive of the buildings.
HOW PEACE WAS SIGNED.
The Chinese were brought to terms on other points by proclamations from Sir Hope
Grant, threatening to sack Pekin.
On the day peace was signed Lord Elgin and Sir hope Grant entered Pekin,
accompanied by an escort of 600 men and 100 officers of regiments. Lord Elgin
was carried in his state chair by the Chinese, dressed in scarlet. Sir Robert
Napier's division lined the streets as Lord El-gin passed, and followed at
intervals, taking up a strategetical position in case of treachery. His Lordship
was received by Prince Kung. Lord Elgin's manner was stern and calm. e motioned
Kung to a scat on his right, which is considered the lowest sent. On the return
of the Embassador and Commander-in-Chief the streets were occupied by the
troops, so that the capital of the Chinese Empire was in actual possession of
the British. Prince Kung said to Lord Elgin that many mistakes had been made in
their intercourse with foreigners, but he hoped for a new state of things.
COMPLETE VICTORY OF THE LIBERALS.
The Liberal forces, for some time past
converging on the capital, encountered and routed the army of Miramon on the 22d
ult., and the defeated chief was obliged forth-with to evacuate the city, which
was entered without resistance by the Liberals on Christmas-Day. The triumph
was believed to be complete, and Juarez, the Constitution. al President,
was to leave Vera Cruz for the capital on the 8d inst. So we trust the strife is
at an end.