OF. After General Taylor had
entered Mexico at Matamoras, he remained there
until September, waiting for further instructions from his government
and reinforcements for his army. Early in September the first division
of his army, under General W. J.
Worth, moved towards Monterey, the capital of New Leon, which was
strongly fortified, and then defended by General Ampudia with about
9,000 Mexican troops. Taylor soon joined Worth, and they encamped within
3 miles of the city, on Sept. 19, with about 7,000 men, and on the
morning of the 21st attacked the stronghold. Joined by other divisions
of the army, the assault became general on the 23d, and the conflict in
the streets was dreadful.
General Zachary Taylor
fired volleys of musketry from the windows of the strong storehouses
upon the invaders, and the carnage was terrible. Finally, on the fourth
day of the siege, Ampudia asked for a truce. It was granted, and he
prepared to evacuate the city. Taylor demanded absolute surrender, which
was made on the 24th, when General Worth's division was quartered in the
city, and General Taylor, granting an armistice for eight weeks if
permitted by his government, encamped with the remainder of his forces
at Walnut Springs, a few miles from Monterey. In the siege of that city
the Americans lost over 500 men. The Mexican loss was about double that
number. See MEXICO, WAR WITH.