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then debated in Committee of the
Whole, but no vote was taken upon it.
On Monday, 4th, the Senators from
Louisiana withdrew from the Senate. Both Senators Slidell and Benjamin made
speeches on the occasion.
Senator Slidell took occasion to set forth the objects
and aims of the new Confederacy, which he announced was to be constructed soon,
and assured the Senate that all existing treaties of the United States would be
faithfully regarded, including those relative to the African Slave-trade. A just
proportion of the public debt would be assumed; the fortifications and other
public property which had been seized would be accounted for, and the free
navigation of the Mississippi would be guaranteed to all those residing in its
valley. Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, offered a resolution, which was laid
over, making inquiries relative to the late alleged seizure of Federal property
at New Orleans. The President's last Message was debated, and speeches were made
by Senators Clingman of North Carolina, and Hale of New Hampshire. The bill to
provide for a government for the Territory of Idaho, was taken up and passed,
after the name had been changed from Idaho to Colorado. The House Loan Bill was
made the special order for Tuesday. --In the House, Mr. McClernand, of Illinois,
offered a resolution similar to that offered by Senator Wilson in the Senate,
asking for information regarding late proceedings at New Orleans. The Deficiency
Bill was considered in Committee of the Whole, and the Senate's Chiriqui
amendment was voted down, while the amendment to purchase the Wendell printing
establishment was concurred in. The House resolved to hold evening sessions for
general debate during the remainder of the week.
On Tuesday, 5th, in the Senate,
after the presentation of a great number of petitions and memorials on the
subject of the national troubles, a resolution, providing in the usual manner
for the counting of the Electoral vote for President and Vice-President, was
adopted. The Loan bill was taken up and passed, it meeting with no further
opposition. The President's Special Message was then considered, and
Johnson, of Tennessee, gave his views of the crisis at length. His speech was a
very powerful argument for the preservation of the Union, and a scathing rebuke
to secession. A message was received from the President, accompanying a series
of resolutions adopted by the Legislature of Kentucky, asking Congress to do
something to arrest the dissolution of the Union. In the House, Mr. Taylor,
of Louisiana, announced the secession of his State, and made a farewell speech.
Mr. Boligny, of Louisiana, asked leave to make an explanation, and leave being
granted, he proceeded to announce that until he received instructions from his
immediate constituents to withdraw, he should continue to occupy a seat in the
House, and when he did withdraw he should also resign his seat. The action of
the Committee of the Whole on the amendments of the Deficiency Bill were
concurred in. Mr. Colfax then called up his bill authorizing the
Postmaster-General to suspend postal facilities in the seceding States, and
speeches were made on it by Messrs. Branch of North Carolina, and Sickles of New
York—the former in opposition to, and the latter in favor of it. The report of
the Committee of Thirty-three was then considered until the recess. An evening
session was held.
On Wednesday, 6th, in the Senate,
a bill was reported from the Military Committee, by Senator Wilson, of
Massachusetts, and laid over, providing for the better organization of the
militia of the District of Columbia. The President's Message being under
consideration, Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, then proceeded to finish his
speech, commenced on Tuesday.—In the House, a Message from the President similar
to that sent to the Senate on Tuesday, accompanying the resolutions of the
Kentucky Legislature, asking for the calling of a National Convention, was
presented. The Senate's amendments to the Loan bill were considered and
disagreed to, and a Committee of Conference was asked for. Mr. Colfax called up
his bill relative to the postal service in the seceding States, and to prevent
the impression that it was intended to recognize in the remotest degree the
right of secession, as had been intimated by Mr. Hindman, of Arkansas, he
presented a more carefully-worded substitute, which was passed—131 against 26.
Mr. Florence, of Pennsylvania, presented a memorial from the Philadelphia Board
of Trade, asking for an extension of the limits of entry and delivery at that
port, accompanying it with the draft of a bill to effect the required object. It
was referred to the Committee on Commerce. The report of the Committee of
Thirty-three was then considered, and speeches were made by Messrs. Humphrey of
New York, Harris of Virginia, Maynard of Tennessee, and Wells of New York. Mr.
Harris made a Union speech, as did also Mr. Maynard—both advocating the adoption
of the Crittenden Compromise.
On Thursday, 7th, in the Senate,
Senator Thompson presented petitions in favor of the Crittenden Compromise.
Petitions were also presented by Senator Collamer of Vermont, and Senator
Cameron of Pennsylvania, in favor of compromise. The President's Message was
then taken up for consideration, and Senator Wigfall, of Texas, proceeded to
reply to the speech of Senator Johnson, of Tennessee. —In the House, the bill
reorganizing the Patent-Office and amending the Patent Laws, which originated in
the Senate during the last session, was amended and passed. The report of the
Committee of Thirty-three was taken up, and Mr. Corwin, the Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Davis, of Maryland, and Mr. Sedgwick spoke against secession. Mr.
Vallandigham, of Ohio, brought forward a project to amend the Constitution so as
to provide for four distinct Confederacies, to be known as the North, the West,
the Pacific, and the Southern Confederacies. It does not seem to have commanded
any attention. A joint resolution allowing Lieutenant Craven, of the Navy, to
accept a medal from the Spanish Government for rescuing the crew of a Spanish
vessel, was passed. Mr. Sickles, of New York, asked leave to introduce a
resolution calling for information as to whether the duties on imports are
still collected at the ports of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, and
Florida. Mr. Craige, of North Carolina, objected, and Mr. Sickles announced his
intention to call up the resolution on Monday. An evening session for debate
THE PEACE CONFERENCE.
This body assembled, at the
invitation of Virginia, at
Washington, District of Columbia, on 4th, and
organized. Ex-President Tyler was chosen President, and Mr. Wright, of Ohio,
Secretary. The proceedings are private; reporter's are excluded. A Committee of
one from each State was appointed to draft a scheme of adjustment. The following
compose the Committee : Guthrie, Kentucky, Chairman ; Fowler, New Hampshire;
Hall, Vermont ; Ames, Rhode Island ; Baldwin, Connecticut ; Vroom, New Jersey;
White, Pennsylvania; Bates, Delaware; Johnson, Maryland ; Seldon, Virginia ;
Ruffin, North Carolina ; Guthrie, Kentucky ; Ewing, Ohio; Smith, Indiana; Logan,
Illinois; Harlan, Iowa.
THE SOUTHERN CONGRESS AT
The Convention of the
Southern Confederacy met at
Alabama, on 4th instant, R. W. Barnwell temporary Chairman. An impressive prayer
was offered by Rev. Basil Manley. On motion of R. B. Rhitt, Howell Cobb was
selected for permanent President by acclamation, and Johnson F. Hooper was
selected as permanent Secretary. All the Delegates were present except Mr. F.
Morton, of Florida. In the course of Mr. Cobb's address, after taking the Chair,
he said, the occasion which assembled us together was one of no ordinary
character. We meet as the representatives of sovereign and independent States,
who by a solemn judgment have dissolved all the political association which
connected them with the Government of the United States. It is now a fixed
irrevocable fact. The separation is perfect, complete, and perpetual. The great
duty now imposed is to provide a Government for our future security and
protection. We can and should extend to our sister States, and our late sister
States, who are identified in interest and feeling and institutions, a cordial
invitation to unite in a common destiny, and should be desirous at the same time
of maintaining with our confederates friendly relations, political and
During the discussion on 5th, on
the adoption of the rules for the Set them Congress,
Hon. Alexander H. Stephens,
of Georgia, said that the rules were made on the principle that we were a
Congress of sovereign and independent States, and must vote as States.
THE SECESSION OF TEXAS.
The Informal State Convention of
Texas on the 1st inst. passed an Ordinance of Secession, by a vote of 166 to 7.
The action of the Convention is
to be submitted to the people on the 23d, and if indorsed by them, the Ordinance
is to go into effect on the 2d of March.
Governor Houston, it is understood, has
recognized the Convention's action. Meantime rumor reaches us from
Arkansas, that the Texans intend still further to prove that secession must
necessarily be accompanied with outrage. Forts Washita, Cobb, and Arbuckle, in
the Indian Territory, are threatened by them.
THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE.
The Illinois Legislature, on
Saturday, 2d, out of respect for Virginia, requested the Governor to appoint
five Commissioners to the Washington Convention, but resolved, at the same time,
that it should not be regarded as an expression of opinion on the part of that
State that any amendment of the Federal Constitution is requisite to afford to
the people of the slaveholding States adequate guaranties for the security of
their rights, nor an approval of the basis of settlement of our difficulties
proposed by the State of Virginia."
TILE LEGISLATURE OF MICHIGAN.
This body has passed the
following joint resolution on the state of the Union:
'. Whereas, Certain citizens of
the United States are, at this time, in open rebellion against the Government,
and by overt acts threaten its peace and harmony, and compass its final
"Resolved, That the Government of
the United States is supreme, with full inherent powers of self-protection and
"Resolved, That Michigan adheres
to the Government, as ordained by the Constitution, and for sustaining it
in-tact, hereby pledges and tenders to the General Government all its military
power and military resources.
" Resolved, That concession and
compromise are not to be entertained or offered to traitors, while the rights
and interests of Union-loving citizens shall be regarded and respected in every
place, and under all circumstances.
"Resolved, That his Excellency,
the Governor, be re-quested to forward a copy of these resolutions to our
Sena-tors and Representatives in Congress, and to the Govern-ors of our sister
AN INTERCEPTED DISPATCH FROM THE
SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
The New Orleans Delta, of January
30, publishes the following dispatch, which explains itself:
MONTGOMERY, January 29, 1861. To
the Governor of Louisiana or Mayor of New Orleans: The following dispatch was
received here today, and has been held for a few hours:
WASHINGTON, January 29. Wm.
Hemphill Jones, New Orleans:
Tell Lieutenant Caldwell to
arrest Captain Brushwood, assume command of the cutter (the McClelland), and
obey the order I gave through you. If Captain Brushwood, after arrest,
undertakes to interfere with the command of the cutter. Lieutenant Caldwell to
consider him as a mutineer, and treat him accordingly. If any one attempts to
haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot. JOHN A. Dix, Secretary of
A. B. MOORE, Governor of Alabama.
THE MARINE HOSPITAL AT NEW
ORLEANS. The New Orleans papers of January 30 deny, with great indignation, the
story that the Marine Hospital at that city had been seized and patients turned
out. The establishment is still under the charge of United States officers.
THE DEMAND FOR THE SURRENDER OF
The correspondence between South
Carolina and the United States, relative to the demand of
Fort Sumter, has been
published. The following is the first letter:
"STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
11, 1861. "SIR,—At the time of the separation of the State of South Carolina
from the United States, Fort Sumter was, and still is, in the possession of
troops of the United States, under the command of
Major Anderson. I regard that
possession as not consistent with the dignity or safety of the State of South
Carolina ; and I have this day addressed to Major Anderson a communication to
obtain from him the possession of that Fort by the authorities of this State.
The reply of Major Anderson informs me that he has no authority to do what I
required, but he desires a reference of the demand to the President of the
United States. " Under the circumstances now existing, and which need no comment
by me, I have determined to send to you Hon. I. W. Hayne, the Attorney-General
of the State of South Carolina, and have instructed him to demand the delivery
of Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, to the constituted authorities of
the State of South Carolina.
"The demand I have made of Major
Anderson, and which I now make of you, is suggested because of my earnest desire
to avoid the bloodshed which a persistence in your attempt to retain the
possession of that fort will cause; and which will be unavailing to secure you
that possession, but induce a calamity most deeply to be deplored.
" If consequences so unhappy
shall ensue, I will secure for this State, in the demand which I now make, the
satisfaction of having exhausted every attempt to avoid it. "In relation to the
public property of the United States within Fort Sumter, Hon. I. W. Hayne, who
will hand you this communication, is authorized to give you the pledge of the
State, upon the adjustment of its relations with the United States, of which it
was a part.
"F. W. PICKENS. " To the
President of the United States."
ANOTHER LETTER FROM MAJOR
ANDERSON. The following letter from Major Anderson has been received by the
Secretary of the New York State Military Association :
"FORT SUMTER, S. C., January 29,
1861. "H. Roosa, Corresponding Secretary of the New York State Military
" SIR,—There are so many things
which require my attention that I have only time to acknowledge, very briefly,
the receipt of your letter of the 18th inst., forwarding a copy of the
resolutions of the New York State Military Association, approving the steps
taken by me, in this harbor, to assert the proper authority of the Federal
Government and maintain the honor of our country's flag.
" I thank the Association for the
complimentary and pleasing terms in which they allude to what I have, by the
blessing of God, done in the hope of preserving peace, and also for the honor
conferred upon me by my election as an honorary member.
"Accept, if you please, my thanks
for the expression of your own approbation of my course, and believe me to be,
very respectfully, your obedient servant,
ROBERT ANDERSON, "Major U.S.A.,
THE ULTIMATUM OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
The last document in the series
is a long dispatch from Hon.
A. G. Magrath, reviewing the whole subject, for the
purpose of showing that the President is entirely wrong in the position he has
assumed—and closing thus:
"The safety of the State requires
that the position of the President should be distinctly understood. The safety
of all the seceding States requires it as much as the safety of South Carolina.
If it be so that Fort Sumter is held but as property, then, as property, the
rights, whatever they may be, of the United States can be ascertained, and for
the satisfaction of those rights, the pledge of the State of South Carolina you
are authorized to give. If Fort Sumter is not held as property, it is held as a
military post, and such a post within the limits of this State will not be
The letter of the President may
be received as the reply to the question you were instructed to ask, as to his
assertion of the right to send reinforcements to Fort Sumter. You were
instructed to say to him, if he asserted that right, that the State of South
Carolina regarded such a right, when asserted, or with an attempt at its
exercise, as a declaration of war. If the President intends it shall not be so
understood, it is proper, to avoid any misconception hereafter, that he should
be informed of the manner in which the Governor will feel bound to regard it.
"If the President, when you have
stated the reasons which prompt the Governor in making the demand for the
delivery of Fort Sumter, shall refuse to deliver the fort,
upon the pledges you have been
authorized to make, you will communicate the refusal, without delay, to the
Governor. If the President shall not be prepared to give you an immediate
answer, you will communicate to him that his answer may be transmitted, within a
reasonable time, to the Governor, at this place. The Governor does not consider
it necessary that you should remain in Washington longer than is necessary to
execute this, the closing duty of your mission, in the manner now indicated to
you. As soon as the Governor shall receive from you information that you have
closed your mission, and the reply, whatever it may be, of the President, he
will consider the conduct which will be necessary on his part."
A SAMARITAN IN HOOPS.
A communication in the Charleston
Mercury states that a lady who visited Fort Sumter, a few days ago, carried
under her hoops a box of candles and some other articles which she supposed
might be useful to the garrison.
MR. CRITTENDEN AGAINST A
The following letter we find in
the Frankfort Common-wealth of Saturday:
" SENATE, January 28, 1861.
"MY DEAR COMBS,—I feel under many
obligations to you for your many letters, and I beg that you will continue the
correspondence, notwithstanding my omissions. What with business, consultations,
and unavoidable company, I have in truth hardly time to write a line to the best
friend, or even to draw a free breath. Your letters have a freshness about them
that makes me feel and see the things you tell use. All things here are in chaos
and darkness, yet I have every confidence that though my resolutions may not
pass, they will be the root out of which a settlement will grow.
'' The news from Frankfort is
that you will not call a Convention. I am glad of it. There is no cause why we
should hasten out of the Union at this time, and unless it is intended I do not
know what we want with a Convention. Preparations made often induce us to do
things from which more consideration would have restrained us. Old Kentucky has
too much dignity and history to be drifted about by every changing tide in
politics. Her movements in the present crisis ought to be well measured, well
considered, and marked with steadfast manliness. We ought to see clearly what we
are to gain by disunion before we abandon a Union in which we have enjoyed so
much liberty, so much prosperity, and so many blessings. I write in haste and
" Your friend, J. J.
CRITTENDEN. " General L. Combs."
MAJOR ANDERSON SUPPLIED WITH
Accounts from Charleston to the 4th inst. state that
Major Anderson had been permitted by the State authorities to obtain
supplies of fresh provisions from that city.
It would appear that the chief reason why Major Anderson
has not heretofore obtained supplies from Charleston is,
that the dealers there would not make a contract, fearing,
as is alleged, personal violence from their fellow-citizens.
THE INAUGURATION BALL.
The gentlemen who have undertaken
to get up a grand Union Inauguration Ball on the 4th of March, have progressed
finely thus far in their work, and it promises to be a complete success. A plan
has been prepared for the temporary building to be erected for the purpose on
the occasion, on Judiciary Square, and the design is an admirable one, as it
will afford ample accommodation for a large number of people. The site chosen is
one just in front of the barracks, recently erected near the City Hall for use
by one of the artillery companies recently stationed here by order of
Scott. The expense of the ball is estimated at from twenty to twenty-five
thousand dollars. Books for subscription will soon be opened in the principal
cities, North, South, East, and West.
MR. LINCOLN'S FIRST PUBLIC
Mr. Lincoln's first public letter
since his election as President is addressed to the Indiana Legislature, and
reads as follows :
"SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, Jan. 28,
1861. " Messrs. R. A. Cameron, Walter Marsh, and D. C. Branham, Committee:
" GENTLEMEN,—I have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt, by your hands, of a copy of a joint resolution adopted
by the Legislature of the State of Indiana, on the 15th instant, inviting me to
visit that honorable body on my way to the Federal capital. Expressing my
profound gratitude for this flattering testimonial of their regard and esteem,
be pleased to bear to them my acceptance of their kind invitation, and inform
them that I will endeavor to visit them, in accordance with their expressed
desire, on the 12th day of February next. With feelings of high consideration, I
remain your obedient servant,
RETURN OF SOLDIERS' FAMILIES FROM
The United States storeship
Supply, Commander Walker, arrived last week from
Pensacola, having on board the
wives and families of the Commander, officers, and others at
Pensacola. She has had twenty days' passage, a portion of which was rough. The
passengers and command arrived in good health.
wives and children of the
soldiers at Fort Sumter arrived on Wednesday in the
The caucus of the Republican
members of the Legislature, held at
Albany on Saturday 2d, nominated the Hon.
Ira Harris of that city to succeed Governor Seward in the Senate of the United
States. Judge Harris was nominated on the tenth ballot. His chief competitors
were Mr. William M. Evarts, and Mr. Horace Greeley. Mr. Harris was formally
elected on the following Monday, the Democrats voting for
The Tribune says: "It is
cautiously whispered among the familiar friends of both parties in Albany that
Mr. and Mrs. Burch, whose controversy recently created so much excitement about
the country, are about to come together again. It was with a view of
accomplishing this end that the further prosecution of the controversy was taken
out of the Court after Mrs. Burch had obtained the custody of her youngest
child, and mutual friends are now engaged in effecting a reconciliation upon the
The wife of
the Commandant at Fort Pickens, arrived at this port last week with about 70
prisoners of war whom the rebels had captured at Pensacola and dismissed on
The President has sent in to the
Senate the nomination of Mr. Black, now Secretary of State, for Associate
Justice of the United States Supreme Court, to fill the vacancy occasioned by
the death of Judge Daniels.
The Hon. Sherrard Clemens, and
C. D. Hubbard of Virginia, Anti-Secession under any circumstances, were elected
triumphantly on 4th to the State Convention, over their opponents, who refused
to pledge themselves that they would not sign a secession ordinance.
It is understood that the New
York bankers have met and come to an understanding that they will not take
an-other dollar of the forthcoming United States loans, unless a compromise is
effected which shall be satisfactory to the border Slave States.
THE COTTON PANIC.
AN influential meeting has been
held at Manchester to devise measures to relieve the cotton-trade from the
anxiety resulting from the dependence on the
Southern States of America.
Resolutions were passed recommending efforts commensurate with the danger to
prevent calamities; approving the steps taken for the formation of a Cotton
Company; and expressing the desire that the Company recently launched should
commence operations without delay.
Several American vessels have
been registered at Liver-pool under the British flag, in order to enable them to
carry sail to South Carolina and return with cotton with-
out fear of capture. Vessels are
on the way to Liverpool with South Carolina clearances.
LETTER FROM LORD JOHN RUSSELL.
Lord John Russell, in a letter to
the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, refers to the possible effects on the
cot-ton supplies under the political crisis in the United States, and tenders to
the cotton manufacturers the services of British Consuls in all cotton-producing
districts, for the dissemination of the wants of the cotton trade, and the
acquisition of information relative to possible supplies. Lord John says that
Government is not prepared to incur any expenditure or any liability in the
matter, but he thinks the Consuls may be useful in ascertaining what amount of
cotton may be forthcoming from their respective districts to meet any sudden
demand, or what amount might be brought into the local market, if the native
dealers had a reasonable assurance of finding customers for it at a given time.
MILITARY PREPARATIONS IN FRANCE.
The Paris correspondent of the
Daily News says there is no doubt whatever that extraordinary naval and military
preparations are being made by France. The excuse is the menacing attitude of
Germany toward Denmark, and the speeches of the King of Prussia.
THE PATTERSON CASE.
The Moniteur directs attention to
the case about to be brought before the tribunals, in which M. Jerome Bonaparte
and Mrs. Patterson, the divorced wife of the late Prince Jerome, demand a
partition of the Prince's property. The Mottiteur recommends that the pleadings
be waited for before opinions are formed.
THE EMPRESS ON SKATES.
A Paris letter says : " " The
French Emperor and Em-press, the Count and Countess de Morny, and, in fact, all
the Court people young enough to indulge in this kind of exercise, arc on the
ice every afternoon. The Emperor, who is a good skater, even at fifty-two years
of age—a man is ' young' in this country, you know, till sixty—flies about
through the crowd of skaters as unmolested as any other private gentleman. The
Empress, who is not a skater, and who commenced her ice exercises in a hand-some
hand-sled with golden runners, has at last been induced to try skates, and
yesterday made her debut in a short Russian costume, which exposed her handsome
feet and legs, and set off her person to great advantage. Her Majesty got along
very well for a first attempt. She was led by the hand by several gentlemen in
her first movements—among the rest Mr. Stevens, the well-known Belgian artist,
and one of the ' crack' skaters, had the honor of conducting her Majesty.
Several American ladies have appeared on skates ; but ice is so rare at Paris
that skating is not regarded as an amusement for the feminines. The initiative
of the Empress will perhaps give it vogue for any future occasions that may
WARLIKE SPEECHES OF THE KING.
At an interview with all the
Generals in Berlin, the King of Prussia delivered the following warlike speech :
"I have been called to the throne at an epoch full of dangers, and with the
prospect of combats in which I shall perhaps have need, gentlemen, of all your
devotedness. If I and the Princes, who, like me, desire the maintenance of
peace, do not succeed in turning aside the storm which is rising, we shall have
need of all our forces to resist and defend ourselves. Let us not indulge in any
illusions. If I do not succeed in turning aside the conflict, we shall be
engaged in a combat in which we must vanquish if we are not willing to perish."
Addressing the Minister of War,
the King said:
"You must courageously labor to
make the army what it ought to be for the future protection of Prussia."
THE BOMBARDMENT OF GAETA.
Official dispatches announce that
at eight o'clock on the morning of the 22d the batteries of Gaeta unexpectedly
opened a heavy fire against the Sardinians. The latter promptly replied, and
compelled the place to remain silent, and the besiegers continued their fire.
Fourteen vessels were stationed before Gaeta, and at noon on the 22d the fleet
was got into line. The Sardinians were actively engaged on new batteries.
A Naples telegram of the 23d
says: " The batteries of Gaeta have slackened fire."
The official Gazette of Naples
publishes a declaration of the blockade of Gaeta.
LETTER FROM GARIBALDI.
Garibaldi, in a letter to a
Vigilance Committee in Italy, dated 13th of January, calls for fresh donations
to procure the necessary means for facilitating to Victor Emanuel the
enfranchisement of the rest of Italy. The Committee is urged to penetrate every
Italian with the idea that in the spring of this year Italy must have a million
of patriots under arms. He also says a journal should be established to
inculcate upon the electors the choice of deputies, who, having as their first
thought the enfranchisement and integrity of Italy, shall obtain from the
Government the armory of the nation.
OUR lady readers will find on the
two following pages illustrations of the latest Winter Fashions. In mantles
there is a great variety. No. 1, at the extreme left of our illustration, is of
dark gray drap veloute, trimmed with narrow strips of black velvet, which are in
turn edged with brown plush. The next is of black velvet, trimmed with black
lace. No. 3 is also of rich black velvet, richly embroidered in black silk. No.
4, the centre figure, shows a mantle, fitting closely to the figure, and made of
brown cloth, trimmed with black plush. Next on the right of this are two views,
front and side, of a Burnous, sortie de bal, of white Cashmere, with orange
stripes, and the lower border also having two stripes of orange Cashmere. No. 7
is of black velvet, trimmed with a gray plush, which much resembles fur. The
buttons are in gray and black. No. 8 is of black cloth, trimmed with a brown
In the upper right-hand corner is
a hood, made of a square of fine red flannel, trimmed with black velvet and
black lace. It is folded to form a triangular piece, in which the under edges
project so as to show two rows of trimming. The short Zouave jacket, of which we
give front and back views, is made of blue Cashmere, lined with white silk. It
is trimmed in black.
The woolen hood is knit, and
requires, as material, two ounces of white and two ounces of gray zephyr
worsted, and two ounces of white Angola wool.
The Italian collar consists of
four puffs, made of Brussels cloth, each four centimetres broad, and the four
sewed together. Each is marked with a border of small black or blue velvet
ribbon. To the lower puff is joined a smooth, broad garniture, cut in twelve
folds, each fold ornamented with a rosette of narrow velvet ribbon, and the
whole edged with a quite narrow gathered edging of the same material ; it
rosette of narrow black velvet ribbon, with long ends, also covers the junction
of the fichu in front.