A Slave Murder


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, April 13, 1861

The April 13, 1861 edition of Harper's Weekly features news of the Civil War with important content on slavery and Abraham Lincoln. Newspaper thumbnails will take you to a large, readable version of that page.


Point Isabel, Texas

Point Isabel Description

A Slave Murder

Ft. Pickens

Scenes Around Ft. Pickens

Abe Lincoln Cartoon

Abe Lincoln Cartoon


A Slave Family







APRIL 13, 1861.]



Comes rarely. Tho' I know that you will mourn The little maiden helpmate you must miss, Thanks be to God, I leave you not forlorn.

There should be comfort in this dying kiss. Let Barbara keep my colors for herself.

I'm sorry that Lucia went away

In some unkindness. 'Twas a cheerful elf!

Send her my scarlet ribbons, mother; say I thought of her. My pallet's on the shelf,

Surprised, no doubt, at such long holiday, in the south window, on the easel, stands

My picture for the Empress Eleanore,

Still wanting some few touches, these weak hands

Must leave to others. Yet there's time before
The year ends. And the Empress's own commands

You'll find in writing. Barbara's brush is more Like mine than Anna's; let her finish it.

Oh, . . . and there's 'Maso our poor fisherman! You'll find my work done for him: something fit

To hang among his nets: you liked the plan By fancy took to please our friend's dull wit,

Scarce brighter than his old tin fishing can. . . St. Margaret, stately as a ship full sail,

Leading a dragon by an azure band; The ribbon flutters gayly in the gale:

The monster follows the Saint's guiding hand, Wrinkled to one grim smile from head to tail:

For in his horny hide his heart grows bland. — Where are you, dear ones? . . .

  'Tis the dull, faint chill,

Which soon will shrivel into burning pain! Dear brother, sisters, father, mother—still

Stand near me ! While your faces fixt remain Within my sense, vague fears of unknown ill

Are softly crowded out, . . . and yet, 'tis vain! Greet Giulio Banzi; greet Antonio; greet

Bartolomeo, kindly. When I'm gone,

And in the school-room, as of old, you meet,

— Ah, yes: you'll miss a certain merry tone, A cheerful face, a smile that should complete

The vague place in the household picture grown To an aspect on familiar, it seems strange

That aught should alter there. Mere life, at least, Could not have brought the shadow of a change

Across it. Safely the warm years increast Among us. I have never sought to range

From our small table at earth's general feast, To higher places; never loved but you,

Dear family of friends, except my art: Nor any form save those my pencil drew

E'er quiver'd in the quiet of my heart. I die a maiden to Madonna true,

And would have so continued.... There, the smart, The pang, the faintness !.. .

Ever, as I lie

Here, with the autumn sunset on my face, And heavy in my curls (while it, and I,

Together, slipping softly from the place We play'd in, pensively prepare to die),

A low warm humming simmers in my ears, —Old summer afternoons! faint fragments rise

Out of my broken life . . . at times appears Madonna-like a moon in mellow skies :

The three Fates with the spindle and the shears: The Grand Duke Cosine with the Destinies:

St. Margaret with her dragon: fitful cheers Along the Via Urbana come and go :

Bologna with her towers! ... Then all grows dim, And shapes itself anew, softly and slow,

To cloister'd glooms thro' which the silver hymn Eludes the sensitive silence ; while below

The southwest window, just one single, slim, And sleepy sunbeam, powders with waved gold

A lane of gleamy mist along the gloom, Whereby to find its way, thro' manifold

Magnificence, to Guido Reni's tomb,

Which set in steadfast splendor, I behold.

And all the while, I scent the incense fume, Till dizzy grows the brain, and dark the eye

Beneath the eyelid. When the end is come, There, by his tomb (our master's) let me lie,

Somewhere, not too far off; beneath the dome Of our own Lady of the Rosary:

Safe, where old friends will pass; and still near home!




THE election for State officers and members of Congress in Rhode Island took place on 3d, and resulted in the complete overthrow of the Republicans. The Opposition gain two members of Congress.

We are yet without full returns from Connecticut, but the Republican majority for Governor will not probably fall short of 1800. Last year it was 541, a gain of over 1100.

At the city election in Cincinnati, on 3d, the Unionists are reported to have carried their ticket by 2000 majority. The Brooklyn charter election, on 1st, resulted in the success of Martin Kalbfleisch, the Democratic candidate for Mayor, by a majority of 5037, or 1002 less than the Democratic majority at the last spring election. The vote of the city for President, last fall, was: Lincoln, 15,137; Fusion, 19,505, giving a Fusion majority of 4368. The Democracy have an apparent gain in their majority upon last fall of 669.

At the municipal election in Richmond, Virginia, on 3d, the Union candidate for Mayor was defeated by about 1000 majority.

The city of Portland, on 21, elected William W. Thomas Mayor by 175 majority over his Democratic competitor. Last year the Democrats carried Portland by 31 majority. The City Council is also largely Republican.


Some noise having been made in Virginia about the delivery of guns from the Bellona Arsenal to the Government, General Scott writes as follows:

" WASHINGTON, March 21, 1851.

"DEAR SIR,—On inquiry here, at the Ordnance Department, I learn that the guns at the Bellona Arsenal, about which you write, are by contract to be delivered at Rocketts, on board (I believe) of some vessel, to avoid the double expense of landing and reshipping before being paid for. If seized before this period, the loss would fall wholly on the foundery. The guns are only sent to Fort Monroe as a safe place of deposit—being as little wanted there for the defense of that work as for the defense of Richmond. This subject was yesterday before the Secretary of War, on an inquiry from some quarter unknown to me, and I have not time to learn the character of the reply. The only urgency in the case results from the founders' want of the contract money.

"I write as a mere outsider in respect to such matters, for my position happily exempts me from the handling of money—from all contracts and disbursements.

" With great respect, your obedient servant,



According to the Montgomery correspondence of the Charleston Mercury, the moneyed men, both North and South, are so eager to take the Confederate Loan that they can not wait for the opening of bids.

" When the announcement was first made that Congress had authorized a loan, and before proposals were solicited, a Mississippian placed $5000 in the hands of his bankers, made subject to the draft of the Treasurer of the Confederacy. This gentleman was not alone in his patriotic tender of money at the time it was supposed the Government was in need of it, for similar offers came from other States. I learn today that one man has offered $200,000, and another $80,000, to Mr. Memminger, for which sum no interest is required. It is well known here that offers of money have been received from New York, Philadelphia, New Orleans, and other cities in the United States and in the Confederate States, to an amount that would cover the entire authorized loan. Mr. Memminger has concluded — and very wisely too—that the citizens of the Confederate States are entitled to the preference in this investment, and the bonds will be scattered among them as equally as possible."


Lieutenant Gilman, one of the officers at Fort Pickens, arrived at Washington on 3d from Pensacola, having left there on the 31st of March. He states that no reinforcements had been landed from the Brooklyn or any other vessel, but that she had gone to Key West for supplies. He states that the Confederate troops were arriving there in large numbers, and in a few days they would have five thousand, well provisioned. He says it is impossible for the Government to land troops at Fort Pickens without the Confederate authorities knowing it, and whenever they attempt it hostilities will at once commence. He says he met large numbers of troops on the route for Pensacola; that General Bragg will not wait the action of the Washington Government much longer before they commence operations. He says the impression there was that Fort Pickens was to be abandoned. Such assurances were given out there.


The Times publishes a letter written on board the frigate Sabine, stationed off Pensacola, which gives an insight into the condition of affairs at that point, both on ship and shore, on the 25th of March. At that time the vessels on that station were short of provisions, and the men on account of the apparent neglect of the authorities at Washington, were somewhat disheartened; but since then the supplies which have been dispatched from this port have doubtless reached their destination. The letter says nothing relative to the reinforcement of Fort Pickens, except to exhibit the difficulty of such an enterprise.


Important intelligence reaches us from Charleston. The soldiers on Morris Island, unable probably to restrain longer their martial ardor, and burning once more to signalize their bravery, on Wednesday evening, during the prevalence of a severe gale, fired into a schooner which was attempting to enter the harbor. The schooner being struck by a shot, which went through her, immediately turned and went to sea again in the midst of the gale. It was subsequently ascertained that she was from New Jersey, loaded with ice. The excuse for firing into her was that she carried no colors—which it is quite likely she had not on board. Major Anderson immediately dispatched a messenger to Governor Pickens for an explanation, but the result of the interview is not known. Thursday morning, however, Lieutenants Snyder and Talbot came off from Fort Sumter and had another interview with the Governor ; and in the evening Lieutenant Talbot left with dispatches for Washington, while Lieutenant Snyder returned to the fort. Whether the schooner which was fired into subsequently entered the harbor is not stated. Report, prevailed, both in Charleston and Washington, that supplies and mail communication had been cut off from Fort Sumter, by order of Jefferson Davis.


The Mobile Tribune of the 27th has the following: " The garrison at Fort Morgan, we understand, is to be raised to a thousand men. At present we suppose there are at least seven or eight hundred already there, and we learn that they are rapidly being instructed in all the garrison duties. They will leave that place good soldiers, unless' Old Abe' should put them through what is vulgarly termed a course of sprouts: That he does not intend to do ; and, if he did, he would find it a very difficult feat."


We have important news from the Rio Grande. General Ampudia, with three thousand Mexicans, was at last accounts within sixty miles of Brownsville. The Texans report that his object was to plunder Brownsville and Matamoros, and pillage generally. It is also reported that Ampudia has aroused the Mexicans with the design of re-annexing Texas to Mexico. He announces that as the Federal Government no longer supports Texas, now is the time to retake her. The Texans were preparing to repel the invaders.


A letter dated Little Rock, March 22, says : '' Our Convention has adjourned, and we are still in the Union. We laid down what we consider our grievances—a plan for adjustment—joined Virginia in her call for a Convention at Frankfort on the 27th day of May next, and elected five delegates to represent us in that Convention. And on the first Monday in August next, we take the vote of the people for co-operation' or secession,' and that vote will determine our action. We had all odds to contend against. Every influence was brought to bear upon no. Disappointed politicians and aspiring ones crowded the Convention to sway its action, but to no purpose. I think we have done well."


To guard against the taking of foreign merchandise out of bond for the purposes of transportation to States which do not acknowledge the authority of the Federal Government, thus defrauding the Government of its proper revenues, the Secretary of the Treasury has issued the following order to the Collectors of Customs at the various Atlantic ports. The practice of withdrawing goods from bond in order to introduce them into Southern ports under their "more favorable" tariff dues, or without the inconvenience of paying duties at all, was getting to be quite too common to be longer tolerated. The following is a copy of the order:

" TREASURY DEPARTMENT, March, 30, 1861 "The control of the warehouses of the Government in the several ports in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida, and Texas having been usurped under the alleged authority of those States, and the officers of the warehouses acting under the authority of the United States having been forcibly excluded from their proper functions in the custody of merchandise, and superintendence of the entries for warehousing and withdrawal, it has become impracticable to continue the privilege of bonding for transportation to those ports.

"Collectors of the Customs are accordingly hereby instructed that no entries for transportation in bond to those ports can be permitted until otherwise directed by the Department. Very respectfully your obedient servant,

" S. P. CHASE, Secretary of the Treasury. " A. SCHELL., Esq , Collector of the Customs, New York."


The greatest activity prevails at the Navy-yard and forts in our harbor. There are movements of troops, transfers of crews, and speedy preparations on board of vessels of war, which seem to indicate that some movement of importance is on foot. Whether it relates to our domestic affairs, or to the recent demonstrations on the part of Spain, is left to conjecture.


A Message from Governor Pickens to the Convention of South Carolina contains many details respecting the military affairs of that State. He informs them that 600 men will be required to garrison the forts in Charleston Harbor, and that the expenditures of the State have been $640,317.


A colored man named Harris, with his wife and two children, were arrested at Chicago on 3d, on a warrant issued by United States Commissioner Conneau, and sent by special train to Springfield, to be examined. The man is claimed by Mr. Patterson, of St. Louis County, Missouri, and the woman and children by Mr. Vail, of the same county, whence they escaped. As it was almost entirely unknown that warrants were issued, they were executed with little difficulty; but after the affair became known the most intense excitement prevailed among the colored portion of the community, and large numbers gathered at the depot at the time the regular morning train left, the crowd supposing the fugitives to be on board. One or two shots were fired at the train. Beyond this there was no disturbance.


The Nashville Union of 26th March says : " We have the particulars of a most deplorable outrage committed by a negro man in Sumner County, and his summary execution by the citizens of the neighborhood. The facts, as we are informed, are as follows: Mr. W. C. Moore, who resides at Saundersville, in Sumner County, on the Louisville

and Nashville Railroad, had recently purchased a plantation in Alabama, and was preparing to remove to it. All of his negroes except one expressed entire willingness to go, and it became necessary to use force with that one. Mr. Moore was handcuffing him for the purpose of sending him off with the rest of the negroes. The boy, it appears, had prepared himself for a murderous assault upon his master, as he had a knife concealed in his right sleeve, and while the handcuff was being fastened upon his left arm he made a lunge at Mr. Moore's throat, inflicting a terrible but not fatal wound, which he followed up with another stroke, cutting a deep gash upon his chin. By this time Mr. Saunders and the father of Mr. Moore came to his rescue, when the negro turned upon the former and commenced cutting him, and then upon the latter, cutting his throat from ear to ear, almost severing his head from his body, and killing him instantly. The alarm having been given, the people in the vicinity hastened to the bloody scene, and it was found necessary to shoot the negro three times before the knife could be got from him. He was then taken and hung immediately. It is thought the wound of the younger Moore will not prove fatal."


Hon. C. B. Sedgwick has written the appended reply to a note which he received from a clergyman asking his influence to obtain a subordinate clerkship in the New York Custom-house for his son, a youth he " had never had occasion to punish, and never knew of his being guilty of a falsehood:"

"SYRACUSE, March, 18.

"REV. MR. P.—My dear Sir: If you have a son who won't lie nor steal, don't, for God's sake, put him in the New York Custom-house ; he would soon lose those qualities there, and get other habits not half so virtuous. Still, if you are inclined to put temptation in his way, instead of being careful and prayerful that it be removed from him, I will give him a letter, provided any friend of mine is appointed collector.

"Very truly your friend and the friend of your boy,



The Wisconsin State Journal, of the 26th ult., says : "About two o'clock this afternoon the people along King and Pinkney streets were startled by a horse, with a young lady on his back, running at furious speed in the direction of the American House. She had evidently lost control of him, and every one expected to see her dashed to the ground and seriously hurt, if not killed outright. Turning down Washington Avenue, he shot through the crowd of wood wagons and other vehicles, and dashed directly into the livery stable just below the American. A great rush of people immediately filled the stable, fearful that the girl was killed; but with the exception of some rents in her riding dress, she was unhurt. She had kept her seat, and appeared perfectly cool and collected. All that troubled her, she declared, during the runaway was the disarrangement of her dress, and she proposed to try the horse again without delay. It proved to be a fast horse, owned by John D. Welch, that few men cared to ride, he is so wild and unmanageable, but which the girl, Miss Ellen Dennison, of this city, had determined to ride at the State Fair. She was practicing with him on Third Lake ridge, near Governor Farwell's house, when she lost control of the bridle, and he ran with her to the stable, a distance of about a mile. The horse was very much excited, and some of the by-standers attempted to dissuade her front mounting him again. She very coolly replied that 'she proposed to ride that horse or die in the at-tempt.' Remounting the horse, she rode out in the street, when he acted so badly that Ben Reed got him by the bits, and led him into the stable, where, after some stroking down and ' horse talk,' his nerves were partially quieted, and Miss Dennison rode him away in triumph. Miss Dennison is a young lady apparently about twenty, with a keen black eye and rosy cheeks, and withal very pretty, besides being ' as brave as Julius Caesar."'


Judge McLean, of the United States Supreme Court, died at Cincinnati on 4th, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. There are now two vacancies in the Supreme Bench, caused by the death of Judges Daniel of Virginia, and McLean of Ohio. Judge McLean entered Congress from Cincinnati in 1812, was made Postmaster-General by President Monroe in 1823, was continued in that office by J. Q. Adams, but displaced in 1829 by General Jackson, who made him Judge of the Supreme Court, which office he has filled for more than thirty years.

Cassius M. Clay has advertised to sell at auction on the 10th of April, his stock and farm and household appointments, preparatory to leaving to serve his country at the Court of St. Petersburg. Mr. Clay has long been a distinguished breeder and importer of stock.

Governor Houston has sent a message to the Legislature protesting against the Convention, appealing to the Legislature to sustain him, and claiming still to be Governor. The Legislature took not the slightest notice of it.

A Washington correspondent says that G. W. Lane, recently confirmed as Judge for the Northern and Southern Districts of Alabama, will, it is said, endeavor to hold his Court at Athens, in the Union part of that State.

Captain Berryman, Commander of the United States sloop Wyandotte, died at Pensacola, on Tuesday, of brain fever.

The three Confederate States envoys to the European courts are now en route. Mr. Dudley Mann sailed from this port on Saturday, on board the Arago, while Messrs. Yancey and Rost sailed from New Orleans yesterday for Havana, where they will embark on board the British West India mail steamer for Europe. The United States Embassadors will be dispatched abroad with as little delay as possible.



HER Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent died on Saturday morning, March 19, at 91 o'clock, at Frogmore, in the presence of her Majesty the Queen and his Royal Highness the Prince Consort, and some of the other members of the Royal family. The melancholy intelligence was communicated to the Lord Mayor in an official letter from Sir G. C. Lewis, the Secretary of State, also requesting his lordship to direct the great bell of St. Paul's Cathedral to be tolled, as is customary on the death of members of the Royal family.


A letter front England to the Herald says: "The Great Eastern, it is now fully decided, sails to New York on the 1st of May. The decision, I learn from a private source, has just been made, and that she will be advertised on Monday. Various other ports, all the way from Sacarappa to Pocotaligo, have made tremendous efforts to get her prow headed toward their egg-shell harbors. There is but one Great Eastern steamship and but one New York harbor, and the two are made for each other. I trust the little desagrements that befell her last year in the excursion down your coast will be atoned for by good management and good fortune."



In the Corp, Legislatif M. Jules Favre had moved his amendment to the address, requesting the withdrawal of the French troops from Rome. He strongly urged the necessity for such a proceeding, and asserted that the maintenance of the States would be impossible. M. Rillanet said that the French Government would neither sacrifice the Pope to the unity of Italy, nor the unity of Italy to the Pope. The aim of France was to reconcile the two interests The combination proposed at Villa Franca was the true solution, and it should be accepted as such. He alluded at length to the difficulties attending the question. The amendment was then rejected by 246 to 5. An amendment in favor of the temporal power of the Pope was offered, but subsequently withdrawn, Count de Morny urging the Legislature to leave the solution of the question to the Emperor. The entire address was finally agreed to by a vote of 213 against 13.


At latest dates it was currently reported in Paris that the Emperor of Austria had sent an autograph letter to the Emperor of the French, setting forth that his position in Italy is untenable, owing to the constant encroachments, of Piedmont. His Majesty likewise expresses himself um. able to understand the policy of France with regard to Italy, and especially adverts to the speeches of Prince Napoleon in the Senate and M. Billault in the Carps Legislatif, and requires a distinct answer to this question : Does the Emperor of the French mean to support Piedmont in its aggressions against Rome? The presence of the Piedmontese in the Papal capital his Austrian Majesty can not but look upon as a preliminary to an attack upon Venice—the arguments that would justify Victor Emanuel in taking possession of Rome would equally bear him out in attacking Venice. Francis-Joseph, therefore, requires an explicit answer as to what course the French Emperor means to pursue. In the event, however, of a Piedmontese occupation of Rome, the treaties of Zurich and Villafranca must be considered as annulled, and Austria could not consider herself bound by a compact so glaringly violated, and would consider herself, should such a contingency occur, entirely free to act in the manner best calculated to protect her openly threatened interests in the Peninsula.


The Herald correspondent writes : The Bonaparte-Patterson case is, it is said, to be reopened on an appeal. Madame Patterson alleges that site left in Baltimore important papers, which site feared to bring to France, thinking that they might be taken from her, and which. would fully establish the fact that her marriage was contracted in good faith on her part. This has been all that she and her son have ever desired to prove. As to winning the suit, they never had a hope of it, but have simply wished to place upon the record of the judicial tribunals evidence which would remove from Captain Bonaparte, who is an officer in the French army, and whose future lot is cast in France, the stain of illegitimacy. He is very popular here, and since the commencement of these proceedings has been more than ever a lion in Paris. In addition to hie pay, Captain Bonaparte has an income allowed hint by his grandmother of twenty-six thousand francs a year, and, on these fine, sunny spring afternoons, may be seen driving his pair of fast horses, attached to his American buggy, in the Champs Elysees and Bois de Boulogne.


The Paris correspondent of the London Times says: "Commercial operations are still dull. Uneasiness, created by political causes, the monetary embarrassments in Europe and America, the ill-founded apprehension entertained by many French manufacturers as the period approaches for carrying into full effect the commercial treaty, and particularly the excessive dearness of money, impede the revival of trade. The Paris wheat and flour market was firm."



A dispatch dated Turin, Wednesday, March 20, says : All the Ministry have tendered their resignations, which have been accepted by the King. Count Cavour, it is believed, will be intrusted with the formation of a new Cabinet, in which all the different divisions of Italy will be represented.

In to-day's sitting of the Chamber of Deputies, Count Cavour announced that the whole Ministry had tendered its resignation, and stated that he had advised the King to form a Ministry according to the new elements of the king-dom. It was, he said, the intention of the Government to place the Council of Lieutenantcy at Naples under the Central Government, which would be responsible for its acts. The Chamber of Deputies then adjourned until a new Ministry has been formed.

A later dispatch adds: The new Ministry is not yet announced. Rumor gives the following combination : Cavour, President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Marine; Fanti, Minister of War; Cassino, Minister of Justice; Minghetti, of Interior; Desenatis, of Instruction; Natoi, of Agriculture and Commerce ; Bastozi, of Finance; Peruzzi, of Public Works; Neulsa, a Minister without port-folio.


The Italian Parliament, in responding to the speech of Victor Emanuel, tells hint that it trusts in him as an Italian King and a valiant soldier, significantly adding that its thoughts are sorrowfully turned toward unhappy Venice; that Italy anxiously aspires to the possession of her city of Rome, and that every measure calculated to increase the armaments will be hailed with satisfaction by the Italian people.


At Rome, on the 18th ult., a consistory was held, at which the Pope had an opportunity of expressing himself upon the present position of Italy and the Pepacy. he defended the Papal government from the charge of being opposed to civilization, and declared that it only opposed the pretended modern civilization which persecuted the Church and trampled justice under foot. He stated that he would himself have spontaneously granted all reasonable concessions, and would have gladly abided by the counsels of the Catholic sovereigns, but that he could not receive the advice or submit to the unjust demands of a usurping power.


The Perseveranza of Milan asserts that the priests were exercising a pressure on the Pope, with the object of inducing him to proceed to Venice. Bellegarde was in Vienna, conducting negotiations to that effect. It would appear, however, that Austria fears the responsibility which such a step might involve. The Pope's last allocution is regarded as precluding all hope of a compromise between the Holy See and the new kingdom of Italy.



The substance of the Emperor's reply to the address of his Polish subjects is published. The Emperor says that he ought to consider the Polish petition as null and void, but, nevertheless, he graciously consents to regard it only as an "act of enthusiasm." He devotes his whole attention to the reforms which are necessary throughout the empire, and his Polish subjects are as much the objects of his solicitude as are the Russians. But he has a right to expect that his sentiments and intentions shall not be "misunderstood or paralyzed by inopportune or immoderate demands, which he could not confound with the welfare of his subjects." He will not tolerate any serious disturbances, and "nothing can be raised on such a foundation;" for "aspirations which should there seek for support would condemn themselves beforehand." A dispatch from Warsaw says that the Polish deputation was "astounded" at the tone of the Emperor Alexander's reply, which has not abated the prevailing excitement. Prince Gortchakoff unofficially told the deputation that an imperial manifes to would speedily grant reforms, and received from Count Zamtoiski the answer: "We accept; but we are far from being satisfied."



A company has been proposed at Constantinople under the name of the Cotton Bank of Anatolia, for developing the cotton cultivation in Asia Minor. It is said to be supported by the leading merchants of Smyrna, and to have received the patronage of the British Embassador, Sir H. L. Buhver, and the cooperation of the Grand Vizier.


RUMORED MOVEMENT OF THE SPANIARDS. By an arrival at Key West on the 26th ult. it was reported that the Spanish flag had been hoisted at St. Domingo by the Spanish and French. The Spanish President had previously written to Havana, stating that if Spanish forces were not sent thither immediately the Spaniards would hoist the Spanish flag, whereupon five Spanish war vessels and 1000 men sailed from Havana end took formal possession of San Domingo, aided by a French corvette.



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