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Civil War Harper's Weekly, July 13, 1861

This newspaper features some really nice portraits of General Winfield Scott, and has pictures and a story on the Battle of Boonville. It also has a great picture of Abraham Lincoln's cabinet at the start of the war.

(Scroll Down to see entire newspaper page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)


The Battle of Boonville

The Battle of Boonville

General Lyon Biography


Texas Union Movement

Fort McHenry

Fort McHenry

General Winfield Scott

General Scott

Portrait of General Scott

Lincoln Cabinet

Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet


Civil War Ship "Colorado"

Philadelphia Volunteers

Philadelphia Volunteers

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

Slave Auction

Slave Auction

John C. Fremont

General John Fremont

White Springs

White Springs, Virginia

Description of a Slave Auction


Acne Treatment



JULY 13, 1861.]




AT the present session of Congress there is but little doubt that orders will be given to finish the celebrated BOMB-PROOF BATTERY, designed by R. L. Stevens, and which for so many years has lain at the yard at Hoboken, securely guarded by watchmen and dogs. Until very recently no one connected with the press has ever visited it. Our artist, however, embraced an opportunity of visiting the monster ship, and has furnished us with the sketch, which we reproduce on this page. He also learned that this vessel, when about to engage in an action, is sunk so that its decks are just above water. It will mount a powerful battery of six-teen rifled guns in the bomb-proof casemates, while two heavy Columbiads for throwing shell will be mounted on the deck — one forward and the other aft. The funnels, or smoke-pipes, will be constructed on the telescopic principle, and can be lowered at

pleasure, or in action, when they would serve for a mark for the enemy's shot. Mr. Stevens says that if the vessel is fitted out according to his plans, he would be willing to guarantee the capture of Sumter in a less number of hours than it took the South Carolinians with their seventeen batteries.


WE illustrate on page 438 an admirable Philadelphia "institution," which we commend to the notice of the public. The artist who obligingly sent us the sketch describes it as follows :

PHILADELPHIA, June 17, 1861.

I send you herewith a few sketches, illustrating an admirable idea for furnishing the volunteers for the United States, passing through Philadelphia to the seat of war, with a real solace, in the shape of hot coffee and plenty of bread, butter, and cold meat, free of expense. When the troops began to hasten to the defense of the Government most of them passed through here, travel-worn and hungry, without any intimation to our citizens of their visit, and nearly all at such hours after midnight as precluded any public reception. Then it was that a few patriotic individuals would bring baskets of bread and a few gallons of coffee to comfort and refresh a few of the strangers. These limited yet thankfully received supplies were handed in the car windows until the want became known, when, from the bare suspicion that a regiment was coming, many would stay up nearly all night, making what coffee their little domestic articles would allow, and taking it to the general

table near the depot, But this was too limited, many soldiers getting none, which soon attracted the attention of some energetic persons, who determined to carry the affair to a complete and creditable form. Donations of money and means were solicited, and were given with a liberality suitable to the cause. The two large heaters and boilers (in the sketch) were given by Mr. Savory. The use of the two buildings at the southwest corner of Water and Washington streets was obtained (each about sixty feet deep), which have been furnished with tables, neatly covered with white cloths, set with ironstone plates and tin cups, and can accommodate three full companies at one time, having now complete facilities for furnishing a regiment with as much food as they can eat, and nearly a quart of coffee for each man. As few men can drink over a pint, it is a rich treat to see them emptying the whisky from their canteens to receive the coffee. "Och mon !" said a big Scotchman with the Highland Regiment the other day, after clearing his tin cup at one draught and smacking his lips —"och mon, but thot's gude !" Arrangements have also been made to receive telegraphic communications from regiments or companies several hours in advance of their arrival, when our citizens are notified by the firing of cannon—one gun announcing the fact, and the requisite number telling the hour at which they will arrive. The first call of the volunteers is frequently for water to wash with, and to-morrow the plumber will finish the introduction of water pipe and forty spiggots. A suitable number of wash-basins and towels, with plenty soap, have been furnished. Gas will also be introduced by Thursday, when a grand public festival and flag-raising will celebrate the completion of this patriotic and really substantial display of sympathy for a great cause.

I have sent you the sketch, as you have the largest circulation of any paper in the country. Should you find it worthy of publication it may be the means of conveying the idea to the patriotic in other sections. As one of the

Massachusetts boys told me to-day, "Coffee is better than whisky."


The attentive correspondent to whom we have been indebted for so many interesting sketches of the rebel army in Virginia has supplied us with the drawings which we reproduce this week on pages 436 and 445. They represent VIRGINIA TROOPS CROSSING THE BLUE RIDGE AT DAYBREAK, EN ROUTE FOR MANASSAS JUNCTION, and a CAMP OF CONFEDERATE TROOPS AT WHITE SPRINGS, ON THE MANASSAS GAP RAILROAD. These pictures are intrinsically interesting, and those who can form an idea of the difficulty with which the sketches are obtained will not prize them the less on that account. Our correspondent writes:


The sketch of troops crossing the Blue Ridge I made a few days ago. It strikingly illustrates a Virginia regiment on the march. I think I shall paint the same subject when the war is over. The other sketch, made on Thursday, is the camp of a portion of the large army now under the command of General Beauregard, whose head-quarters are somewhere about Manassas Junction. It is said there is now upward of fifty thousand men in that neighborhood; but of that it is impossible to tell, as the whole country is a camp. I never saw so many tents, soldiers, and horses before in my life. I would freely give you all the information in any power in regard to matters here;

but it is one of the conditions upon which my friend has consented to take charge of my letters, that I send no intelligence abroad, as it might place us both in an ugly fix if any thing of the sort were found upon him. The people here are very suspicious, and no man who values his life should come here for the sake of curiosity. As for me, I shall get away as soon as I can. Living here is both uncomfortable and expensive. Food is plenty; but in traveling you are obliged to go horseback or on foot, as railroads are mostly taken up for the transportation of troops, etc. Bayonets bristle at every town. You are stopped at every step; and a stranger, even with a pass from a commanding officer, finds the greatest difficulty in getting about. I never was in such a warlike place before, and shall be glad to get back to Maryland, where at least there is some show of peace. When I leave here I think I

shall try the Federal Army, where, no doubt, I will find more facility in sketching.

The Washington correspondent of the Times says : A lady arrived here last night from Richmond. She prepared to leave Virginia several days since, but, from her well-known intimate relations to leading Union men in Virginia, was flatly refused the courtesy of a pass from Jeff Davis. A subsequent application to Beauregard met with a similar refusal. She escaped, however, and upon reaching the bank of the Potomac, several miles above Washington, procured the services of a boatman, who brought her down the river during the night, and she reached town in safety. She informs me that scattered along the route from Richmond to Manassas, and thence to Fairfax Court House, the Confederates have a large body of troops. General Beauregard openly declares his intention to move toward Washington, and hopes yet to be able to take it. His plan is—so this authority avers—to get as near our Arlington outposts as possible with his main force, and to shell the city. Thence, meantime, he designs to push his column on, to engage our forces, and to carry such points as he is able to conquer, and with a reserve march finally upon the Capital. She adds that General Beauregard, through his emissaries, who are constantly coming to and going from this city, is thoroughly informed of all the movements of our forces.


ON page 439 the reader will find a truthful picture of the crew of the United States steam-frigate Colorado, which has lately sailed from Boston to join the blockading fleet. The men were all recruited and shipped at Boston, and we understand that an unusual proportion of them are Americans. Their physique goes to show that the race has not degenerated in that part of the country, and that when occasion offers they will do full justice to the reputation which our gallant tars have won in many a fight and on many a sea.



Stevens Bomb Proof Battery
Cincinnati, Ohio



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