Page) that portion of the peninsula between the waters of the
Chesapeake and the Atlantic, now jointly held by Maryland and Virginia, could be
incorporated into the State of Delaware. A reference to the map will show that
these are great natural boundaries, which, for all time to come, would serve to
mark the limits of these States.
To make the protection of the
capital complete, in consideration of the large accession of territory which
Maryland would receive under the arrangement proposed, it would be necessary
that the State should consent to modify her Constitution as to limit the basis
of her representation to her white population.
In this connection, it would be
the part of wisdom to reannex to the District of Columbia that portion of its
original limits which by act of Congress was retroceded to the State of
This arrangement would reduce the
size of the State of Virginia at least one-half, leaving the name of Virginia to
that part only which is now mainly loyal. The disloyal section, comprising all
the great cities of Virginia—Richmond, Norfolk, Fredericksburg, Lynchburg,
etc.—and all the sea-coast, would be annexed to Maryland, while Delaware would
rise, by spreading over the whole peninsula between the Chesapeake and the
ocean, to be a State of considerable magnitude. Under this reconstruction
Maryland would become one of the three great States of the Union. We need hardly
direct attention to the clause in the Secretary's report which hints that
emancipation in Maryland must be the price paid for this acquisition of
On this page we give a full and
elaborate map of Tennessee, which, from all appearances, is destined to be the
seat of war in the West. Our map shows the railway bridges broken in Eastern
Tennessee by the Union men ; the
city of Nashville, which, according to some
authorities, is destined to be the rebel capital; the city of Memphis, near
which, in all probability, the bloodiest battle of the war will be fought ; and
all other sites and places of interest in the State. Our artist writes as
follows of this map :
The bridges burned by the Union
men of Eastern Tennessee were two bridges over Chicamanga Creek below
Chattanooga, one fine bridge on the Eastern Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, over
the Hiwassee River at Charleston, Tennessee ; also two bridges on the Eastern
Tennessee and Virginia Railroad, one of which over the Holston River at Union,
near the Virginia line, was destroyed, the other, over Lick Creek, between
Russellville and Greenville, was but partially burned and has been repaired.
A railroad bridge over the
Tennessee River in the western part of the State has recently been completed,
and there is now uninterrupted railroad communication between Nashville and the
Mississippi River at
Columbus and Memphis.
Morristown, where the reported
Parson Brownlow occurred, is on the Eastern
Tennessee and Virginia Railroad. There is another place of this name, simply a
post-office in Granger County, about 15 miles north of the railroad.
OUR ARMY AT WASHINGTON.
Washington correspondent has sent us the
sketches which we reproduce on
page 804. One of them represents the
OBSERVATORY AND EARTHWORK ON UPTON'S HILL; another, an "AFFAIR OF PICKETS" on
the road to Fairfax Court House, over the abattis placed in the road by the
rebels ; and a third, the late CAVALRY SKIRMISH near Vienna.
The following account of the
cavalry skirmish near Vienna, from the Washington Star, will serve to explain
the illustration :
The reconnoissance made yesterday
by a squadron of the Third Pennsylvania regiment, consisting of companies F and
N, under command of Captain Bell, in the neighborhood of Vienna, resulted
disastrously to our forces. After reaching Vienna they took the right-hand road
toward Hunter's Mill, and had gone about a mile and a half when they suddenly
found themselves hemmed in on three sides by not only a superior force of
cavalry, but also of infantry. The discharges of the rebel musketry placed the
horses of our cavalry beyond the control of their riders, the animals having
been but recently brought into service, and therefore unaccustomed to such
alarms. The officers, after several ineffectual attempts to get their men in
line for the purpose of making a charge, ordered a retreat, which was effected
in as good order as the peculiar circumstances permitted.
The skirmish was brisk, though of
short duration, the rebel cavalry firing buckshot from their carbines. The
number of rebels killed and wounded is not known. John Beatty, private in
Company N, killed a rebel officer and captured his horse. The mark on the saddle
was D. S. Davis, Ridgeway, North Carolina.
Better fortune attended our arms
on the occasion of Colonel Bayard's cavalry reconnoissance near
Colonel himself tells the story so briefly that we give his report in full :
CAMP PIERPONT, VIRGINIA, Nov. 27,
SIR,—In obedience to orders, I
started from this camp yesterday with my regiment at nine o'clock in the
evening, for the purpose of marching on Dranesville. We reached positions above
and behind Dranesville shortly after five in the morning, after a very tedious
and toilsome march. Major Barrows advanced on the town by the northern pike
which leads to it with two companies of the regiment, while I with the other
eight gained the rear of the town, and advanced by the Leesburg pike. There were
but two picketmen in the town. These were cavalrymen belonging to Colonel J. E.
B. Stuart's regiment of Virginia horse, and were captured, with their horses and
arms, by Captain Stadelman's Company B. I arrested six of the citizens of
Dranesville, who are known to be secessionists of the bitterest stamp. The names
of the citizens taken are as follows : John F. Day, M.D., of Dranesville ; R, H.
Gannell, of Great Falls, Virginia ; John T. D. Bue and C. W. Coleman, of
Dranesville; W. B. Day, M.D., of Dranesville; and J. B. Fair.
Upon my return, some miles from
Dranesville, a fire was opened upon the head of the column from a thick pine
wood. Assistant-Surgeon Alexander was seriously wounded, and private Joel
Houghteling was badly wounded, and I had my horse killed. The wood was instantly
surrounded, and the carbineers sent into the woods. We killed two and captured
four, one of whom we shot twice, and is not likely to live. I captured two good
horses, five shot-guns, one Hall's rifle, and two pistols.
The names of the prisoners are as
follows : W. D. Farley, First Lieutenant South Carolina Volunteers (was Captain
on General Bonham's staff); F. De Carandene, Lieutenant Seventh South Carolina
Volunteers ; P. W. Casper, Seventh South Carolina Volunteers; Thomas Coleman,
citizen of Dranesville (dangerously wounded); F. Hildebrand, private Thirtieth
Virginia cavalry; A. M. Whitten, private Thirtieth Virginia cavalry (taken at
Dranesville on picket). We killed or captured all we saw.
I can not close this report
without speaking of the splendid manner in which both men and officers behaved.
The fine manner in which Majors Jones and Bayard, and the Second Lieutenant of
the Fifth cavalry, Mr. Barrows, acted, can not be too highly commended or
appreciated. All acted well, and I can not but thus publicly express my
admiration for their truly admirable behavior.
I am, Sir, very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
GEO. D. BAYARD,
Colonel First Pennsylvania
MAJOR-GENERAL McCALL, Commanding Division, etc.
THE COMBINED EUROPEAN FLEET
AGAINST MEXICO .
WE publish on page 812 a view of
the COMBINED BRITISH, FRENCH, AND SPANISH FLEET now collected at Havana for the
purpose of operating against Mexico. The Spanish vessels are the most numerous,
the British the least so, though they are large ships. The British send 850 guns
and 10,600 men ; the Spanish Admiral, Rubaleaba, commands twelve steamers,
mounting 300 guns ; and the French Admiral, Jurien de la Graviere, ten vessels,
mounting 310 guns. The following extract from the Convention between the three
Powers will show the purpose of the expedition :
Art. 1. Her Majesty the Queen of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, her Majesty the Queen of Spain,
and his Majesty the Emperor of the French engage to make, immediately after the
signature of the present convention, the necessary arrangements for dispatching
to the coasts of Mexico combined naval and military forces, the strength of
which shall be determined by a further interchange of communications between
their Governments, but of which the total shall be sufficient to seize and
occupy the several fortresses and military positions on the Mexican coast.
The commanders of the allied
forces shall be, moreover, authorized to execute the other operations which may
be considered, on the spot, most suitable to effect the object specified in the
preamble of the present convention, and specifically to insure the security of
All the measures contemplated in
this article shall he taken in the name and on account of the high contracting
parties, without reference to the particular nationality of the forces employed
to execute them.