Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) an acknowledged ally of
Davis. But her Government declares itself neutral, and concedes to him
belligerent rights. By the decisions of her courts it is a right of belligerents
to take prizes into neutral ports. Great Britain and the United States are at
peace. But if a trading or passenger ship sails from Liverpool to New York—two
open ports of two friendly nations—she may be seized when twenty miles out by
Mr. Jeff Davis's privateers, taken back into Liverpool, and held until a
prize court sitting in
Charleston or Savannah has declared her forfeited to the
captors. In the same way a ship sailing from New York or Philadelphia for any
English port, may be ,seized and carried to any British colony, Nassau, for
instance, and kept until condemned.
How long are such proceedings
possible without war? How long while such things happen will the nation that
consents to them call herself an ally if the nation whose commerce she thus
helps destroy ?
That a great nation should
declare herself neutral in a war between two other Powers is to say merely that
she is the friend of both. But to recognize the belligerent rights of a party in
rebellion against an ally, within its own territory, is to declare against the
ally. Can it be that for so desperate a chance as the success of this rebellion
Great Britain has deliberately thrown away the friendship of the United States ?
A BIT OF HISTORY.
FOUR of the Pennsylvania soldiers
now garrisoning Fort Washington upon the Potomac, opposite Mount Vernon, write
to the Lounger describing exactly the facts of the first movement of Northern
Volunteers. The four are members of the first companies accepted by Governor
Curtin. They say :
Our company, from Lewistown,
Mifflin County, called the Logan Guards; the Washington Artillerists from
Pottsville; Light Infantry from Pottsville; Reading Artillerists, and Allentown
Rifles, were the first companies of volunteers that left the Northern States and
marched through Baltimore. We arrived in
Harrisburg on Wednesday evening, the
17th of April, and at 7 o'clock on the following morning we were sworn in. At 9
we started for Washington. We reached our destination the same day about 6
o'clock P.M., where we remained until the 30th of April, when we were removed to
Fort Washington as a reinforcement. The commandant, Major Joseph A. Haskins,
whose skill and bravery were tested at Chepultepec,. where he lost an arm, has
thoroughly strengthened his position. The 32-pounders are all ready ; the
furnaces for heating shot are in apple-pie order; the magazines are full; the
hand-grenades are ready for use at a moment's notice; the bombs are lying around
loose;' and the artillerists sleep nightly beneath their guns. It is the
intention of the Government to erect a battery on the hill immediately behind
the fort. The impression is that we can hold the fort against 20,000 rebels.
Fort Washington is sixteen miles below the city, on the Maryland side. Three
miles below us, on the Virginia side, we have a splendid view of Mount Vernon,
the resting-place of the Father of our Country. We have been kept very busy
since we have been here, cutting down trees and hauling brush, digging trenches,
mounting cannon, etc. We are now prepared to meet any number of the rebels."
BLOWING HOT AND COLD.
CERTAIN worthy gentlemen in
Kentucky and elsewhere are resolved to eat their cake and have it, if the thing
can be done. When rebels take up arms to destroy the Government these gentlemen
are of opinion that there is a great deal to be said upon both sides, and that
the Government and the rebellion are each equally right and wrong. They are very
much distressed by the prospect of fighting. Fighting is to be avoided at all
hazards. If tears and sobs and sighs and platitudes will be of any service in
this emergency, they will furnish any required quantity. If people could only be
kept from fighting by surrendering every thing that makes a man truly manly and
a Government truly powerful, in the name of quiet and tears let it be
surrendered. These sobbing and sighing patriots are not especially anxious that
the Government of their country should be maintained; but the one thing they do
fervently desire is that, if any body is in danger of being hurt in maintaining
it, the defense shall be abandoned.
These gentlemen announce that
their States intend to take no part in the war. Suppose that every other State
in the Union should do the same thing? The Government of the United States,
threatened by a desperate rebellion, calls upon the citizens, in the
constitutional and legal method, to defend the Government, and the citizens in
each State reply, " No, thank you ; we're going to stand off" It would be doing
precisely what the people in the rebellious States have done—and the national
Government would disappear. The action of these. gentry of the Border States is
only less noble and more insidious than
that of the Cotton States. The latter say, " We are going to overthrow the
Government." The former reply, " Very well; we shall not hinder."
In the address to the people of
Kentucky, these gentlemen say, " Hold fast to that sheet-anchor of republican
liberty, that the will of the majority, constitutionally and legally expressed,
must govern." In the address to the people of the United States they say, in
effect, " But if the minority will not submit—why then, 'tis very unfortunate,
but you must let them have their way."
This is the inevitable and
logical conclusion of that movement which, under the name of "Unionism," in our
late political history, and its high-priest, Mr. Everett, now confesses it,
through fear of traitors, insisted upon pandering to treason, by dividing the
ranks of the citizens who were
unconditional Union men. Let us learn from the Past. There is no need of
recrimination, but we do not grow wiser by forgetting. When there is a debate of
vital principle, whether political or not, there are but two sides. You are for
it, heart and soul ; or you are against it.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A C SONG.
Inscribed to SIGNOR TAMBERLIK after a hearing of his famous "ut de poitrine."
THE C! the C! the open C!
That cometh from the chest so
'Tis cheering to hear that high
clear sound, How it filleth the house, above, around.
It rings through the stalls, to
the pit it flies, And e'en to the back of the gallery hies. I love the C, the
high chest C,
'Tis a tone above Sims Reeves his
B; It would puzzle Giuglini so high to go, And it taketh the shine out of Morito
Though a storm in the chorus and
band there be, What matter their clatter ? they ne'er can drown the C
I love, O how I love to dwell
In thought on the glories of
William Tell: -Where the shining lake and the silver moon
Seem to harmonize well with each
soft sweet tune; -When Tell's voice is heard in that grand trio, And the chorus
come trooping from high and low. I'm fond of Herr Formes' deep bass roar, But I
love the high C more, far more, As upward it soareth as clear from the chest As
the nightingale's singing to cheer its nest. And a wonder it always hath been to
me, How a tenor can touch that high chest C.
The vibrato style I hear with
In nervousness or weak lungs
'twas born :
And I hate the falsetto, although
That by it Rubini made pecks of
Mere quivers and quavers to me
But the high chest C just suits
It stirreth the soul. and it
quickens to life
All the pubes that vibrate to
love or strife.
I have wealth to spend, I have
power to range, But from Tell at the Garden I wish no change; And if Arnold ever
should call on me,
I'll get him to sing me his high
chest C !
"HARD LINES."—A sympathetic soul
says that the poor shareholders who have invested their money in the Atlantic
and Red Sea Telegraphs must think them both "extremely hard lines."
A YOUNG LADY ARCHITECTURALLY
"Well, my boy, how is your
courtship in the country getting on?" said Charles to Adolphus, as they were
leaning over the rails in the Row at Hyde Park. "Charming, my dear boy, on ne
peut pas mieux.," was the enthusiastic boy's quick answer, " though strange to
say, my success is the reverse of that of the Emperor who left his mark, you
know, on Rome. My beauty, whom in every sense, of the world I may call a capital
beauty, when first I knew her, was nothing but marble, but I had not known her
three weeks before, I can assure you, I had changed her into a perfect brick."
And the youngster laughed over his own folly, as though he had been a practiced
sweepers have a most reprehensible way of insulting misfortune. With your boon
already splashed by walking in the dirt, you cross the street where they have
swept it, and then they get in the way and touch their hats to you.
ONLY A LETTER BETWEEN 'EM.—The
two heroes of Guerilla (Gorilla) warfare—Garibaldi and Chaillu.
The late census led to some queer
scenes. The following is one of them: "Who is the head of this family?" asked an
enumerator of an Irishwoman. "'That depinds on circumstances," said she. "If
it's before eleven o'clock it's me husband; if after eleven it's mesell." "Why
this division?" 'Because after that hour he's as drunk as a piper, and unable to
take care of himself, let alone his family." "What is his age?" "Coining next
Michaelmas he will lack a month of being as owld as Finnegan. You know
Finnegan?" "No, I don't, and if I did it wouldn't help matters. How many male
members have you in the family?" "Niver a one." "What, no boys at all?" "Boys is
it? Ah, murther, go home. We have boys enough to whip four loaves before
breakfast." "When were you married?" "The day Pat Doyle left Tipperary for
Ameriky! Ah! well do I know it. A sun-shinier day niver gilled the sky of swate
owld Ireland." "What was the condition of your husband before marriage?" "Divil
a more miserable. He said if I did not give him a promise within two or three
weeks he'd blow his brains out with a crowbar!" "What was he at the time of your
marriage-a widower or a bachelor?" "A widower, did you say? Ah! now go away wid
your nonsense. Is it the likes of me that would take up with a second-hand
husband—a poor devil, all legs and consumption, like a sick turkey? A widower,
indade! May I niver be blessed if I'd not rather live an owld maid, and bring up
my family on buttermilk and praties."
ADVICE FOR THE GUIDANCE OF HENS
DURING THE COLD WEATHER.—Lay still.
A Sunday-school teacher,
deploring the lack of attendants on his ministrations, appealed to his few
present. "What can I do," said he, "to get the boys and girls here?" "I know,"
said one of the urchins. "What is it?" " Give 'em all sixpence a piece."
A POLITICAL. QUESTION.—Has the
"tide of events" any thing to do with the " current of public opinion" that is
The man who was lost in slumber
found his way out on a night-mare.
THE RED, WHITE, AND BLUE.—The red
cheeks, the white teeth, and blue eyes of a lovely girl are as good a flag as a
young soldier, in the battle of life, need fight under.
Why does a coal-barge weigh less
than an empty sack? Because, if the one is a light weight the other is a
Why are people who sit on free
seats not likely to derive much benefit front going to church?—Because they get
good for nothing.
A lady consulted St. Francis of
Sales on the lawfulness of using rouge. "Why," says he, " some pious men object
to it; others see no harm in it ; I will hold a middle course, and allow you to
use it on one cheek."
In some tranquil and apparently
amiable natures there are often unsuspected and unfathomable depths of
When does a farmer act with great
rudeness toward his corn?—When he pulls its ears.
FIGHT AT BETHEL, VIRGINIA.
ON the 9th
dispatched a strong force to dislodge the rebels who had gathered at Bethel, on
the Yorktown road, about twelve miles from
Fortress Monroe. In the darkness a
New York Regiment and one from
Albany encountering, mistook each other for
enemies, and fired upon each other, inflicting some loss. The error having been
discovered the fine marched upon the rebel batteries; a sharp engagement
ensiled; the United States troops finding themselves unable, for want of
ammunition, to carry the batteries, retreated, carrying with them many prisoners
whom they had taken on their advance. Our entire loss is about 75 killed and
wounded, among whom is Lieutenant Grebel, of the regulars.
THE BATTERIES TAKEN.
A dispatch to the Herald, dated Washington, June 12,
1 A.M., says : " A special messenger arrived an hour since
from Fortress Monroe, bringing the intelligence that General Butler
proceeded this morning with a large reinforcement to
Great Bethel, and after a
severe fight captured their batteries, one of seven, and the masked battery of
fourteen guns, and also took one thousand rebel prisoners."
THE ADVANCE ON HARPER'S FERRY.
The movement on
has fairly begun, and will soon be heard of through its results. It includes an
advance from three directions upon the Ferry, and is assisted by the checking
presence of Generals Butler and M'Dowell in positions where they must prevent
the enemy from uniting its scattered forces.
General Patterson is advancing from
Hagerstown with 15,000 men.
General McClellan is advancing from
Grafton with 7000 or 8000. And on 10th, three battalions of the District of
Columbia militia, together with two Connecticut regiments, one New Hampshire
regiment, and the New York Ninth, left Washington, and united at a point three
Georgetown, and are advancing to a place known as Edward's Ferry, on
the Potomac, half way between Harper's Ferry and Washington.
GENERAL PATTERSON'S PROCLAMATION.
General Patterson has prepared an address for distribution among the troops at
Chambersburg. After alluding to the aggressive acts of the rebels, he says: "
You must bear in mind you are going for the good of the whole country, and that,
while it is your duty to punish sedition, you must protect the loyal, and,
should the occasion offer, at once suppress servile insurrection."
A MOVEMENT AT
From Cairo, we learn that
Prentiss sent on Thursday, two companies to Elliot's Mills, Kentucky, ten miles
from the former place; where the rebels had established a camp. When the troops
reached the spot, however, the enemy had fled—as usual. Colonel Wickliffe called
on General Prentiss, and protested, on the past of Kentucky, against the occupuation of her soil by Federal troops. The General assured him that he
should march in whatever direction, and on whatever soil the Government ordered
him to march, and with this reply the rebel emissary was forced to be content.
ANOTHER BRUSH IN THE CHESAPEAKE.
The Harriet Lane had a brush last
week with one of the rebel batteries at Pig Point, nearly opposite
the head-quarters of General Butler. She fired fifty shots and some shells at
the battery, and was struck by two shots, wounding five of her men—one rather
seriously in the leg, and the others slightly.
THE FORTIFICATIONS OF WASHINGTON.
It is said that the breast-works
erected by the Federal troops on the Virginia side of the Potomac, in which some
of our New York regiments took so brave a part, are of a monstrous kind, and
extend for ten miles, from Alexandria to the Chain Bridge, mounted with heavy
batteries, a line of defense which renders Washington impregnable, and has
enabled the Government to advance so many of the troops recently stationed there
in the direction of Harper's Ferry, to carry the contemplated strategic movement
in that quarter.
ANOTHER BALTIMORE OUTRAGE.
The Second Michigan Regiment went
through Baltimore on 9th. A captain in the regiment states that a brick was
thrown at a private of Company G, and that the man who committed the outrage was
shot: whether he was killed or not it was not known.
TENNESSEE VOTED OUT OF THE UNION.
The vote in Tennessee last week
on the secession question, as far as heard from, shows strongly in favor of
UNION SENTIMENT IN VIRGINIA.
The recent action at
Virginia, appears to have wrought a change in the secession sentiment in that
quarter. There are now about 7000 Federal troops stationed between Grafton and
Philippi, and the best feeling existed between them and the people. It is said
that a strong Union feeling predominates there. Colonel Kelly is slowly
recovering from his wound, though not yet quite out of danger.
DEPLORABLE CONDITION OF THE
A gentleman just arrived at
New Orleans reports that the trade of the South is in a most
deplorable condition. He states that Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas are
suffering the most of any of the
Southern States. In the latter provisions are
becoming so scarce that the people will be in a starving condition when the
blockade of New Orleans is complete.
REIGN OF TERROR AT RICHMOND.
The vote in Richmond city on the
ordinance of secession, if it shows any thing conclusive, exhibits a complete
reign of terror. There were cast in favor of the ordinance 2400 votes and only
four against it, and among the greater number must be counted the ballots of the
soldiers who are encamped there from all parts of the State. At the Presidential
election Richmond cast 5400 votes, without the aid of troops.
COTTON NOT TO COME NORTH BY RAIL.
Gideon J, Pillow, who commands
the "seceshers" of Tennessee, has issued general orders forbidding the
transportation of cotton Northward out of the State by railroad, or by the
Mississippi, Tennessee, or Cumberland River.
Wheeling Convention met on
11th. It is said to be decided that it will not undertake to separate the
western from the eastern portion of the State, but will establish a Provisional
Government. The first act will be to depose Governor Letcher and his kindred
officers; in his place another Governor will be named, probably General Jackson,
of Parkersburg; the Convention will then declare that Eastern Virginia is in
rebellion against the General Government, and will call on loyal citizens to aid
in sustaining the Union; the Legislature chosen on the 23d of May will be
declared the legally-elected body, and Senators will be chosen by this
Legislature. It is thought that the Convention will be one of the most imposing
popular demonstrations ever made in this country.
CAPTURE OF ARMS.
Colonel Abel Smith, of the 13th
New York Regiment, on 10th, captured at Easton, Maryland, one thousand stand of
arms, six field-pieces, one sloop, and a quantity of ammunition—the property of
the secessionists. A private was accidentally shot, but whether he was killed is
The day before Senator Douglas's
death he was waited on by the Catholic bishop, whose ministrations, however,
were politely but firmly declined by the dying man, who said to him: "Sir, when
I desire it, I will communicate with you freely." And on a subsequent occasion,
when the bishop asked him if he desired the ceremony of extreme unction to be
administered, the reply was: "No; I have no time to discuss these thing, now."
His dying message to his two sons was: "Tell them to obey the laws and support
the Constitution of the United States."
It is related of
Lord Lyons that,
promenading with a beautiful American woman a few evenings ago, at the reception
of one of the Cabinet Ministers, he remarked upon the splendor of her dress,
which was chaste blue silk, brilliantly spangled. "But I observe," he said,
"that you display thirty-five stars instead of thirty-four—one too many." "Oh
no, my Lord," said the fair patriot, "the additional star is Canada."
The Hon. John Cochrane has been
authorized to have mustered for immediate service a regiment of infantry, to be
commanded by himself as Colonel.
Major-General Banks arrived at
Fort McHenry on 10th, which he will make the head-quarters of his military
district. General Cadwallader has proceeded to
Frederick to take command there.
IN the House of Commons, on the
30th of May, Lord John Russell intimated that an Englishman had been forced into
the militia service at New Orleans, but that the British Consul there had
obtained his release. Other similar circumstances of impressment, he said, had
occureded in the Southern States, but they appeared to have been unauthorized,
and assurances had been received from the
Montgomery Government that they would
not sanction such acts.
During his speech he also
deprecated the exultation with which Sir John Ramsden had alluded to the lusting
of the bubble of democracy in America. In common with the great bulk of his
countrymen, he (Russell) was deeply pained at the
civil war which had broken out
in the United States, and which arose front the accursed poison of
them by England, and which had clung around them like a poisoned garment from
the first hour of their independence.
PRIVATEERS IN EUROPE.
The English Government has
determined to forbid privateers and armed vessels from bringing prize, into
British ports, and France was to take a similar position.
ARMS AND MEN-OF-WAR COMING FROM
Letters have been received front
Major-General John C. Fremont, dated in London, stating that he has purchased
10,000 Enfield rifles and several batteries of rifled column for the United
States Government, which he is waiting for and will bring with him. At present
he is delayed until a portion of the rifles are finished. He states, further,
that the Commissioners of the
Confederate States had instructions to procure
several steamers in England for the Montgomery Government, but that there was
some difficulty about getting the money; in fact, the needful had not arrived
front the South. They succeeded, however, in purchasing two steamers, for which
they paid 70,000 ($350,000). These vessels, it appears, are to sail for a
Southern port, under the British flag, and registered as the property of British
owners, carrying nothing contraband of war, but probably in ballast merely.
GREAT UNION MEETING OF AMERICANS.
The American citizens in Paris
favorable to the Union breakfasted together in the Hotel du Louvre on the 29th
of May. About one hundred and fifty attended, one-third being ladies, including
the wife of General Scott.
Mr. Cowden presided. A resolution
was adopted, pledging the meeting to maintain the Union under any circumstances.
Mr. Dayton said since his arrival
in Paris he could detect no unfriendly feeling on the part of France to the
United States, and certainly no French citizen would be found among the
He expressed the conviction that
the rebellion would be put down.
Cassius M. Clay spoke at some
length. He was energetic on the conduct of England, and the recognition of
Southern belligerent rights. He declared if ever the flag of England became
associated with the black flag of the South, the
Star Spangled Banner of the
United States and the tri-color of France would be seen against her, for France
had not forgotten St. Helena.
Anson Burlingame spoke on the
same subject. Colonel Fremont was next called
on, and was received with enthusiasm. He made quite a moderate speech. He
regretted the fanatical war, and could but feel confident that it would end in
the triumph of truth and justice. He had been called back to America, and lost
no time in responding, and he was ready to give his best services to his
Rev. Dr. M'Clintock followed.
He said he did not attach any
importance to the mutterings of the English press or of the Secretary of War.
The people of England had not yet spoken, and when they did their voice would
not be found on the side of piracy and slavery.
Captain Simmons, of the United
States Army, on his way home at the summons of General Scott, Mr. Halderman,
Minister to Sweden, and Rev. Mr. Thayer also spoke.
All the speakers entertained not
the slightest doubt of the final triumph of the North.
DESIGNS FOR A NEW COIN FOR THE