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Page) pusillanimous, if not treacherous, by eager writers, who, by an
impotent defiance of danger would have secured the defeat of the good cause. Yet
had he of all men given no proof of fidelity to the Government ? Was he the
first to be suspected of disloyalty to our system (or doubt of its power)—he who
of all statesmen in the land, from his entrance into public life thirty-six
years ago, has maintained a cheerful and unshrinking faith of the mind, not of
the mouth, in the principle of popular government ?
Last week we were speaking of his
Governor Hicks. Look at that again for one moment. The chance was, and
every body knew it, that Washington would be captured. If it had been so the
President and his cabinet would easily have been taken. Now if the head of the
cabinet had written a truculent letter of defiance to Governor Hicks, and, as it
was then fair to suppose, the capital of the country and the officers of the
Government had been captured by the rebels, there is not a Government in the
world that would not have felt that the Government of the United States was
ludicrously ignorant of its own power and position ; and they would have been
inclined to say, and justly, this rebellion is very nearly a de facto government
: or will presently become so, while such amusing and blustering ignorance rules
the counsels of the regular Government.
Would it have been wise in the
Secretary of State to have fortified the position of the rebels so strongly as
that ? And yet he and every body had good reason to believe that the curt letter
which he was sneered at for not writing to Governor Hicks would have been such a
The letter he did write was
written from precisely the same general policy as that which he addressed to Mr.
Dayton, and which is so warmly praised. If the country sees as clearly as the
Secretary of State, how to do as well as what to do, we may be more cheerful
In his last volume of the "
History of England," lately published, Macaulay describes Lord Somers, the great
Whig statesman of King William's day. Could there be a better portrait of the
present Secretary of State ?
"Preeminent among the
ministerial Whigs was one in whom admirable vigor and quickness of intellect
were united to a not less admirable moderation and urbanity, one who looked on
past ages with the eye of a practical statesman, and on the events which were
passing before him with the eye of a philosophical historian. It was not
necessary for him to name himself. He could be none but Somers."
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A COMPLETE DISGUISE.—An
Englishman and Roman were walking through the galleries of the Vatican, where
certain statues and pictures have been slightly clothed so as not to shock the
minds of purists as fastidious as the late King of Naples, when the Englishman
made some allusion in the course of conversation to the " naked Truth." "Excuse
me, Sir," replied the Roman, half plaintively, "the Truth is no longer allowed
to go naked in Rome—good care is taken that it shall be draped by a Cardinal."
"OVER, FORK OVER."—The
Times remarks that marriage is " a very highly pitched relation." Young Snobkins,
who was in love with his cousin Euphemia, says that he was also a very highly
pitched relation when he proposed marriage, for his indignant uncle threw him
bang over the garden wall.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WIT AND
HUMOR. There has been so many thousand definitions of Wit and Humor that we
do not offer the slightest apology for the following attempt to explain the
difference between them. We have but little doubt that it will fully come up in
merit and success to its numerous predecessors, the majority of which have been
Humor is the art of saying happy
things that have the effect of. making others happy; while Wit, and especially
that grade of its that takes the form of Satire, is the art of saying smart
things that are the cause of smarting in others. '
"BLESS HER DEAR SIDES."—The
French have just launched another steel frigate, but our Admiralty are so slow
with theirs that Britannia, in her leisure moments, will have plenty of time to
sing, " Still, so gently o'er me steeling."
A NEW FASHION.—We are continually
being told that " Pride will have a fall," but we never could understand it. As
Pride is never ashamed of showing her features, but on the contrary is rather
proud of displaying them, being generally noted for the unabashed boldness of
her countenance, we do not see the necessity why she should have a Fall, when it
is very clear that she does not want one. Now, if it were Prudery, instead of
Pride, we could the better appreciate the force of the meaning; for the Fall
would of use to Prudery, to enable her to smirk and leer, and make pretenses of
blushing behind it ; and we can only say, that the sooner Prudery does have a
Fall, or in other words, takes the veil, the more highly we shall be pleased,
for we are sure that no one ever wants to see her ugly face again.
PRETTY PIGS.—The Pope, in his
petticoats and white satin shoes, may be looked upon as somewhat of a female.
There is another point of resemblance between his Holiness and the ladies. Both,
on certain subjects, are alike deaf to reason. The obstinacy of the Pontiff
relates to Faith, the pig-headedness of the fair sex regards Fashion. He will
not concede secular Government nor surrender young Mortara; they refuse to give
up Crinoline. To the demand of justice, common sense, and expediency, the Pope
replies Non possumus; and when implored to relinquish a dangerous, inconvenient,
and ridiculous mode of dress, so say the ladies.
EXTRACT FROM A PRIVATE LETTER
BY A CELEBRATED DRAMATIC CRITIC.
In Paris Salons it is stated
Scribe did not die—but was
TO PERSONS ABOUT TO SEPARATE
Why is Sir Cresswell Cresswell
like a railway accident? —Because he very often snaps the coupling chains, and
separates the sleepers.
C''EST LA MEME CHOSE.—Among
the various columns in the Census returns, filled up on the 7th instant, was one
requiring each person to specify whether he was "married" or "unmarried," and
another in which all "blind" persons were enumerated. The latter column appeared
somewhat superfluous, for to get at the number of the blind it was surely only
necessary to add up the lists of the married?—so at least says a Correspondent,
signing himself " A WIDE-AWAKE BACHELOR."
THE CONTRADICTIONS OF LOVE.—Love
is often very contradictory ; for instance, Lovers' Knots are frequently made
all the tighter by one particular Not meaning a Yes.
A worthy clergyman was roused
from his sleep at five o''clock in the morning by loud talking at the side of a
fish-pond in his grounds. His reverence put his night-capped head out of the
window, and saw three men standing by the side of his pond.
"What are you doing there?" said
"Fishing," said they.
"But you are trespassing on my
land; you must go away."
"Go to bed again," was the
rejoinder; " your Master was not in the habit of sending away poor fishermen."
The good clergyman could, of course, only turn in again.
youth was lately leaving his aunt's house after a visit, when, finding it was
beginning to rain, he caught up an umbrella that was snugly placed in a corner,
and was proceeding to open it, when the old lady, who for the first time
observed his movements, sprang toward him, exclaiming, " No, no, that you never
shall ! I've had that umbrella twenty-three years, and it has never been wet yet
; and I'm sure it sha'n't be wetted now."
A SAILOR'S OPINION OF AN
OPERA.—When the Pyne-Harrison company were performing at Liverpool, a
sea captain, just arrived in port, was presented with a ticket to the opera. When
the performance was over he was asked by a friend how he liked it. " Well,"
answered he, "I know very little about music, and can't pretend to be a judge. I
liked some things pretty well; but I rather think that some of them didn't know
their business. There was one woman who screeched and tore round, I thought, in
an abominable way; and other folks thought so, too, for they made her do it over
a second time."
NECK AND HEELS.—A young
man named Neck has recently been married to Miss Heels. They are now, therefore,
literally tied neck and heels together.
An eminent artist is about
getting up a panorama of a lawsuit. It opens in the year 1, and closes at
Which is the best way of
retaining a woman's affections? —By not returning them.
ANOTHER PROCLAMATION FROM THE
PRESIDENT. WASHINGTON, May 3, 1861.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED
Whereas, existing exigencies
demand immediate and adequate measures for the protection of the national
Constitution and the preservation of the national Union by the suppression of
the insurrectionary combinations now existing in several States for opposing the
laws of the Union and obstructing the execution thereof, to which end a military
force in addition to that called forth by my proclamation of the fifteenth day
of April in the present year, appears to be indispensably necessary, now,
therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and
Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, and of the Militia of the
several States when called into actual service, do hereby call into the service
of the United States forty-two thousand and thirty-four volunteers, to serve for
a period of three years unless sooner discharged, and to be mustered into
service as infantry and cavalry.
The proportions of each arm and
the details of enrollment and organization will be made through the Department
of War ; and I also direct that the regular army of the United States be
increased by the addition of eight regiments of infantry, one regiment of
cavalry, and one regiment of artillery, making altogether a maximum aggregate
increase of twenty-two thousand seven hundred and fourteen, officers and
enlisted men, the details of which increase will also be made known through the
Department of War ; and I further direct the enlistment for not less than one
nor more than three years of eighteen thousand seamen, in addition to the
present force, for the naval service of the United States. The details of the
enlistment and organization will be made known through the Department of the
The call for volunteers, hereby
made, and the direction for the increase of the regular army, and for the
enlistment of seamen hereby given, together with the plan of organization
adopted for the volunteers and for the regular forces hereby authorized will be
submitted to Congress as soon as assembled. In the mean time I earnestly invoke
the cooperation of all good citizens in the measures hereby adopted for the
effectual suppression of unlawful violence, for the impartial enforcement of
constitutional laws, and for the speediest possible restoration of peace and
order, and, with those, of happiness and prosperity throughout the country.
In testimony whereof, I have
hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington this third day of May, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the Independence of the United
States the eighty-fifth.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of
THE POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT.
The following is an extract from
a dispatch from Governor Seward, Secretary of State, to Mr. Dayton, Minister at
"There is no difference of
opinion whatever between the President and his constitutional advisers, or among
those advisers themselves, concerning the policy that has been pursued, and
which is now prosecuted by the Administration in regard to the unhappy
disturbances existing in the country. The path of executive duty has thus far
been too plainly marked out by stern necessity to be mistaken, while the
solemnity of the great emergency and the responsibility it involves have
extinguished in the public councils every emotion but those of loyalty and
patriotism. It is not in the hands of this Administration that this Government
is to come to an end at all, much less for want of harmony in devotion to the
country. M. Thouvenel's declaration that the United States may rest well assured
that no hasty or precipitate action will be taken on the subject of the
apprehended application of the insurrectionists for a recognition of the
independence of the so-called
Confederate States is entirely satisfactory,
although it was attended by a reservation of views concerning general principles
applicable to cases that need not now be discussed.
" In the unofficial conversation,
Mr. Faulkner says that he himself expressed the opinion that force would not be
resorted to to coerce the so-called seceding States into submission to the
Federal authority, and that the only solution of the difficulties would be found
in such modifications of the Constitutional compact as would invite the seceding
States back into the Union, or a peaceable acquiescence in the assertion of
their claim to a separate sovereignty. The time when these questions had any
pertinency or plausibility has passed away. The United States waited patiently
while their authority was defied in turbulent assemblies and insidious
preparations, willing to hope that mediation, offered on all sides, would
conciliate and induce the disaffected parties to return to a better mind. But
the case is now altogether changed. The insurgents have instituted revolution
with open, flagrant, deadly war, to compel the United States to acquiesce in the
dismemberment of the Union. The United States have accepted this civil war as an
inevitable necessity. The Constitutional remedies for all the complaints of the
insurgents are still open to them, and will remain so. But, on the other hand,
the land and naval forces of the Union have been put into activity to restore
the Federal authority and to save the Union from danger.
"You can not be too decided or
too explicit in making known to the French government that there is not now, or
has there been, nor will there be any—the least—idea existing in this Government
of suffering a dissolution of this Union to take place in any way whatever.
There will be here only one nation and one government, and there will be the
same republic and the same constitutional Union that have already survived a
dozen national changes, and changes of government in almost every other country.
These will stand hereafter as they are now, objects of human wonder and human
affection. You have seen on the eve of your departure the elasticity of the
national spirit, the vigor of the national Government, and the lavish devotion
of the national treasures to this great cause. Tell M. Thouvenel, then, with the
highest consideration and good feeling, that the thought of a dissolution of
this Union, peaceably or by force, has never entered into the mind of any candid
statesman here, and it is high time that it be dismissed by statesmen in Europe.
" I am, Sir, respectfully your
"WM. H. Seward.
"To WILLIAM L. DAYTON, Esq.,
etc., etc., etc."
WAR PROCLAMATION FROM THE
"The sovereignty of the
Commonwealth of Virginia having been denied, her territorial rights assailed,
her soil threatened with invasion by the authorities at Washington, and every
artifice employed which could inflame the people of the Northern States and
misrepresent our purposes and wishes, it becomes the solemn duty of every
citizen of this State to prepare for the impending conflict.
"Those misrepresentations have
been carried to such an extent that foreigners and naturalized citizens who, but
a few years ago, were denounced by the North and deprived of essential rights,
have now been induced to enlist into regiments for purposes of invading this
State, which then vindicated those rights and effectually resisted encroachments
which threatened their destruction.
"Against such a policy and
against a force which the Government at Washington, relying upon its numerical
strength, is now rapidly concentrating, it becomes the State of Virginia to
prepare proper safeguards.
" To this end and for these
purposes, and with a determination to repel invasion, I, John Letcher, Governor
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, by authority of the Convention, do hereby
authorize the commanding general of the military forces of this State to call
out, and to cause to be mustered into the service of Virginia, from time to
time, as the public exigency may require, such additional number of volunteers
as he may deem necessary.
" To facilitate this call, the
annexed schedule will indicate the places of rendezvous at which the companies
called for will assemble upon receiving orders for service.
KENTUCKY TENDERS TWO REGIMENTS,
The two Kentucky Regiments, under
Colonels Terrell and Guthrie, have been accepted by the Government, and the
people of the State have tendered the command to
Major Anderson of a Brigade, of
which these Regiments will be a part.
AND DELAWARE ONE.
On May 1, Governor Burton, of
Delaware, issued his proclamation calling out a regiment of volunteers for the
service of the United States. The companies are to rendezvous at Wilmington.
THE ATTITUDE OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania,
in his Message to the Legislature in extra session, says that the present
condition of Maryland is not to be tolerated; that no hostile soil can be
permitted to stand between the loyal States and the Federal capital, and that
the time for temporizing is past. He announces on the part of the Pennsylvania
banks that they have tendered any amount of money necessary for the defense of
the State and the nation; and he recommends that fifteen regiments of infantry
and cavalry be raised, exclusive of those already called into service by the
WHAT CONNECTICUT IS DOING.
Connecticut is doing nobly for
the war. Her Legislature has voted $2,000,000 and ten regiments of volunteers.
The same proportion of men from all the Free States would give us an army
Colonel Colt, of Hartford, has
offered his services to the Governor of Connecticut to raise a regiment, and has
agreed to arm the men with breach-loading rifles at his own expense. These arms,
which are of the latest improvement, would sell in the market for $50,000. The
regiment is being rapidly raised.
WHERE NEW JERSEY STANDS.
The extra session of the New
Jersey Legislature opened with an able Message from the Governor. He recommends
a loan of $2,000,000, a State tax of $100,000, the purchase of 10,000 stand of
arms, of field-pieces and munitions of war, and the raising of four regiments
besides those which the General Government has called for. The bills for these
measures will be passed without delay.
WHAT INDIANA IS DOING.
The Legislature of Indiana has
granted half a million of dollars through both Houses for the maintenance of a
volunteer army. Four regiments are already nearly ready to march from this
State, and six more are rapidly organizing.
MOVEMENTS OF TROOPS.
On Sunday, 5th, the Sixth
Massachusetts regiment moved from the capital to
Annapolis, from which they
proceeded to take up position at the Relay House, and there command the railroad
Harper's Ferry. Two regiments, with the Boston Flying Artillery left
Annapolis, by order of
General Butler for the same point, to cut off all
communication with Harper's Ferry. General Keim has possession of the Northern
Central Railroad from Harrisburg ; all communication by the Susquehanna has been
cut off, and General Butler has a strong force in readiness to send by fleet to
Baltimore, so that that city is completely hemmed in on all sides.
Carl Schurz, United States
Minister to Spain, has obtained three months' leave of absence, and will go West
immediately to organize a military force in that quarter.
Charles Francis Adams, Cassius M.
Clay, and Jacob S. Haldeman, United States Ministers to England, Russia, and
Sweden, sailed from Boston in the steamer
Judge Campbell, of the
States Supreme Court, who resides in Alabama, has sent in his resignation. He is
a Unionist, but feels bound to adhere to the fortunes of his State.
General Dix has accepted the
office of Major-General of the New York troops offered to him by Governor
Morgan. General Dix served in the army for fifteen or sixteen years, beginning
with the war of 1812.
John Tyler sent to
Pickens, of South Carolina, the following dispatch, which we copy from the
RICHMOND, April 25, 3 P.M.—To
Gov. Pickens; We are fellow-citizens once more by an ordinance passed this day.
Virginia has adopted the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate
States. JOHN TYLER.
All the other ex-Presidents stand
by the Union and the Government.
STEAM BETWEEN LIVERPOQL AND THE
A PROSPECTUS has been issued of a
Company, called the "Liverpool and New Orleans Steam Navigation Company," with
the object of establishing direct steam communication between Liverpool and New
Orleans. The capital is fixed at 200,000, with power to increase, and many
influential men are engaged in the enterprise.
THE OUTBREAK AT WARSAW.
The Paris Moniteur of the 23d
says : " The late events at Warsaw have been unanimously commented upon by the
French Press with the traditional sympathy which the cause of Poland has always
excited in the West of Europe; but these expressions of interest would ill serve
the Polish cause if they had the effect of misleading the public opinion, by
allowing it to be supposed that the Emperor of the French encouraged hopes which
he could not satisfy. The generous ideas displayed by the Emperor Alexander,
especially in the emancipation of the peasants, are a certain token of his
desire to realize the ameliorations admitted by the state of things in Poland.
It is only to be wished that he may not be prevented from so doing by
manifestations of such a nature as to place the dignity of the political
interests of the Russian Empire in antagonism with the tendencies of its
THE QUARRELS OF THE LEADERS.
The Turin Gazette publishes a
letter from General Cialdini to Garibaldi, recalling the friendship and
admiration he had always felt for him, but declaring that his (Garibaldi's) last
acts painfully affected him. Cialdini says:
"I arrive at the secret idea of
your party, which aims at rendering itself master of the army and the country,
threatening us, if unsuccessful, with civil war."
A letter front Garibaldi, in
reply to the above, says "Strong in my conscience as an Italian soldier and
citizen, I will not descend to justify myself against these accusations, as by
so doing I should fail in respect to the King and the army. I know nothing of
the orders said to have been given by me to Colonel Tripola. I gave orders that
the Italian soldiers of the Northern Army should be received as brothers,
although I knew that that army had come to put down the revolution, which,
according to the words addressed by Signor Farini to Napoleon III., was
personified in me.
"I believe in my quality of
deputy. I have stated to the Chamber a few of the wrongs which the Southern army
has sustained at the hands of the Ministry. I believe I had the right to do so.
The Italian army will find in its ranks one soldier more when it has to fight
against the enemy of Italy. You are well aware of this. All that others may have
said of me is a calumny. It is not true that, when on the Volturno, we were in a
bad condition. As far as I know, the army has applauded the free and moderate
words of the soldiers' deputy, to whom the Italian honor has been an object of
worship all his life.
" If any one is offended at me
for speaking in my own name only, I wait calmly for satisfaction to be demanded
for my words. I desire the establishment of a National Monarchy."
ROBBERY OF THE NATIONAL APPLE
PRESIDENT LINCOLN. " I
say, Jeff, this thing has been going on long enough. Suppose you drop those
apples now and come down."
JEFF DAVIS. "Please don't
shoot, Mr. Lincoln, ALL I WANT IS TO BE LET ALONE!"