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NEW YORK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1862.
SINGLE COPIES SIX CENTS.
$2 50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1862, by Harper & Brothers, in
the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
[FROM A PHOTOGRAPH FURNISHED BY MR. E. ANTHONY.]
THE CAPTURE OF FORT HENRY.
WE illustrate very
fully in this number the
capture of FORT HENRY,
Tennessee, which took place on 6th inst. On this page we give a portrait of
COMMODORE FOOTE, and a picture,
from a sketch by
our correspondent, Mr. Alexander
Simplot, of the
GUN-DECK OF ONE OF THE MISSISSIPPI GUN-BOATS ; on
page 120 we give a view of
the GUN-BOATS STEAMING UP TO THE ATTACK;
and on page 119 a MAP
showing the position of Fort HENRY,
and its geographical relations to
Green, and other strategical points. -
We take from the Cincinnati
Gazette the following account of
the action :
Yesterday (6th), at half past 10 A.M., the gun-boats Cincinnati, St. Louis,
Carondelet, and Essex, the
Lexington bringing up the rear, advanced boldly against the rebel
works, going to the right of Panther Creek Island, immediately above, where, on
the east shore of the river, stands the fortification, and keeping out of range
till at the head of the island, and within a mile of the enemy, passing the
island in full view of the rebel guns. We steadily advanced, every man at
quarters, every ear strained to catch the flag-officer's signal-gun for the
commencement of the action. Our line of battle was on the left of the St. Louis,
next the Carondelet, next the Cincinnati (for the time being the flag-ship,
having on board Flag-officer Foote), and the next the Essex.
We advanced in line, the Cincinnati a boat's length ahead, when, at half past
11, the Cincinnati opened the ball, and immediately the three accompanying boats
The enemy was not backward, and gave an admirable response, and the fight raged
furiously for half an hour. We steadily advanced, receiving and retuning the
storms of shot and shell, when, getting within three hundred yards of the
enemy's works, we came to a stand and poured into him right and left. In the
mean time the Essex had been disabled, and drifted away from the scene of
action, leaving the Cincinnati, Carondelet, and St. Louis alone engaged.
At precisely forty minutes past one o'clock the enemy struck his colors, and
each cheering, such wild excitement as seized the throats, arms, or caps of the
four or five hundred sailors of the gun-boats, can be imagined.
After the surrender, which was made to Flag-officer Foote by General Lloyd
Tilghman, who defended his fort in a most determined manner, we found that the
rebel infantry, encamped outside the fort, numbering four or five thousand, had
cut and run, leaving the rebel artillery company in command of the fort.
The fort mounted seventeen guns, most of them thirty-two and thirty-four
pounders, one being a magnificent ten-inch
Columbiad. Our shots dismounted two
of their guns, driving the enemy into the embrasures. One of their rifled
thirty-two-pounders burst during the engagement, wounding some of their gunners.
The rebels claimed to have but eleven effective guns, worked by fifty-four
men—the number, all told, of our prisoners. They lost five killed, and ten badly
The infantry left every thing in their flight. A vast deal of plunder has fallen
into our hands, including a large and valuable quantity of ordnance stores.
General Tilghman is disheartened.
He thinks it one of the most damaging
blows of the war. In surrendering to Flag-officer Foote, the rebel General
remarked, "I am glad to
surrender to so gallant an officer." Flag-officer Foote replied, "You do
perfectly right, Sir, in surrendering
but you should have blown my boats out of the water before I would have
surrendered to you."
In the engagement the
Cincinnati was in the lead, and, flying the Flag-officer's pennant, was
the chief mark. Flag-officer Foote and Captain Stembel crowded her defiantly
into the teeth of the enemy's guns. She got thirty-one shots, some of them going
completely through her. The
Essex was badly crippled when about half through the fight, and crowding
steadily against the enemy. A ball went into her side forward port, through her
heavy bulkheads, and squarely through one of her boilers, the escaping steam
scalding and killing several of the crew.
Captain Porter, his aid, C. P.
Britton, Jun., and Paymaster Lewis were standing in a direct line of the balls
passing, Mr. Britton being in the centre of the group. A shot struck Mr. Britton
on the top of his head, scattering his brains in every direction. The escaping
steam went into the pilot-house, instantly killing Messrs. Ford and Bride,
pilots. Many of the soldiers at the
rush of steam jumped overboard and were drowned.
Cincinnati had one killed and six wounded. The Essex had six
seamen and two officers killed. seventeen men wounded, and five missing.
There were no casualties on the
St. Louis or
though the shot and shell fell upon them like rain. The
St. Louis was commanded by
Leonard Paulding, who stood upon the gun-boat and worked the guns to the
Not a man flinched, and with cheer upon cheer sent the shot and shell
among the enemy.
This fort, the only fortification on the Tennessee River of much importance, is
situated near the line of Kentucky and Tennessee, on the east bank of the
stream. It stands in the bottom, about the high-water-mark, just below the bend
in the river, and at the head of a straight stretch of about two miles. It
therefore commands the river for that distance down stream, and very little
else. The land around it is a little higher than the fort, and a portion of it
is covered with timber. The
armament of the fort consists of eight 32-pounders, four 12-pounders,
and two 6-pounders. The 32 and 12-pounders are heavy guns, and the
6-pounders light pieces. On the opposite side of the river are three hills,
which completely command the fort. Recently some new fortifications were
commenced on these hills, where it was intended to mount some very large guns
and three rifled cannon.
The late rebel garrison was commanded by Brigadier-General Lloyd Tilghman. The
troops consisted of the Fourth Mississippi Regiment, Seventh Mississippi
Regiment, regiment Louisiana volunteers, First Kentucky volunteers, one regiment
description of the gun-boats
engaged will be
St. Louis, Essex, and
Cincinnati are about one hundred
and seventy-five feet in length, fifty-one feet and a half in breadth, and draw
five feet when loaded. The bows and bulwarks consist of about three feet of oak
timber, bolted together, and sheathed with the best quality of wrought iron
plates two and a half inches thick. The sides have the same sheathing, with less
bulk of timber. The St. Louis and
Cincinnati are pierced for
thirteen guns each, the
Essex for nine guns. The bow
heavy 84-pound rifled cannon;
the others are 6-inch (Next
GUN-DECK OF ONE OF THE MISSISSIPPI GUN-BOATS ENGAGED IN THE ATTACK ON FORT
HENRY.--[SKETCHED BY MR.