Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
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Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) soon began to crowd the floors of the Lacy House. Other
regiments had also suffered, though much less, and the
surgeons soon had work enough.
About eight o'clock the artillery
fire ceased. The fog was so dense that objects were invisible one hundred yards
from the guns. Fredericksburg was as silent as before. Again the engineers
advance, and again the enemy drive them back, orderlies gallop to the different
batteries with instructions; a message orders from Aquia a special train with
solid shot; and again the thunder breaks out anew. For a time the roar is
indescribably awful. The city from its walls of brick hurls back a thousand
echoes, which beat up against the Falmouth bluff, roll back again beyond the
town, and then from the distant hills once more swell over to us, as though the
heavens were rent asunder. At
General Sumner's head-quarters, half a mile
distant, it becomes difficult to converse in a low tone, while at the batteries
orders must be signaled. By-and-by the firing ceases, and one is almost
awe-stricken with the profound silence. The mist still clings to the river, the
sun struggles up red and fiery, and the air is suffocating with the odor of
gunpowder. Presently the bank of fog begins to lift a little, the glistening
roofs gleam faintly through the veil, then the sunbeams scatter the clouds that
intervene, and Fredericksburg, utterly desolate, stands out before. A huge
column of dense black smoke towers like a monument above the livid flames, that
leap and hiss and crackle, licking up the snow upon the roofs with lambent
tongues, and stretching like a giant. The guns renew their roar, and we see the
solid shot plunge through the masonry as though it were pasteboard; other
buildings are fired, and before sundown a score of houses are in ashes, while
not one seems to have escaped the pitiless storm of iron. A less number have
been fired than was anticipated; but the damage done by solid shot is terrible,
and will require years to repair. Among the sufferers is Mr. Garland, a loyal
refugee, who witnessed the bombardment from the head-quarters of General Sumner,
of whose staff his son is a member. The residence of Mr. Slaughter, father of
the Mayor, Dr. Wallace's, Mrs. Hayes's, and Timberlake's auction and commission
store, are among the buildings burned. An English ensign hung conspicuously from
one of the houses, which, fortunately for the inmates, was less exposed to our
fire. Females could be seen darting through the streets, negroes carrying
furniture from burning houses, and now and then a rebel gliding from one
hiding-place to another. Our artillery would drive the enemy from their cover
upon the bank of the river, but when compelled to cease, in order not to
endanger the lives of the regiments, the rebels would immediately steal back and
pick off our men with the rifle.
The Times correspondent thus
describes the gallant performance of General Hall's brigade:
During the thick of the
bombardment a fresh attempt had been made to complete the bridge. It failed, and
evidently nothing could be done till a party could be thrown over to clean out
the rebels and cover the bridge head. For this mission
General Burnside called for volunteers, and
Colonel Hall, of
Fort Sumter fame, immediately responded that he
had a brigade that would do the business. Accordingly, the Seventh Michigan and
Nineteenth Massachusetts, two small regiments, numbering in all about four
hundred men, were selected for the purpose.
The plan was that they should
take the pontoon boats of the first bridge, of which there were ten lying on the
bank of the river, waiting to be added to the half-finished bridge, cross over
in them, and landing, drive out the rebels.
Nothing could be more admirable
or more gallant than the execution of this daring feat. Rushing down the steep
banks of the river, the party found temporary shelter behind the pontoon boats
lying scattered on the bank, and behind the piles of planking destined for the
covering of the bridge, behind rocks, etc. In this situation they acted some
fifteen or twenty minutes as sharp-shooters, they and the rebels observing each
other. In the mean time new and vigorous artillery-firing was commenced on our
part, and just as soon as this was fairly developed, the Seventh Michigan rose
from their crouching-places, rushed for the pontoon boats, and pushing them into
the water, rapidly filled them with twenty-five or thirty each.
The first boat pushes off. Now,
if ever, is the rebels' opportunity. Crack! crack! crack! from fifty
lurking-places go rebel rifles at the gallant fellows. who, stooping low in tine
beat, seek to avoid the fire. The murderous work was well done. Lustily,
however, pull the oarsmen; and presently, having passed the middle of the
stream, the boat and its gallant freight come under cover of the opposite
Another and another boat follows.
Now is their opportunity. Nothing could be more amusing in its way than the
result. Instantly they see a new turn of affairs. The rebels pop up by the
hundred, like so many rats, from every cellar, rifle-pit, and stone wall, and
scamper off up the streets of the town. With all their fleetness, however, many
of them were much too slow. With incredible rapidity the Michigan and
Massachusetts boys sweep up the hill, making a rush for the lurking-places
occupied by the rebels, and gaining them, each man capturing his two or three
prisoners. The pontoon boats on their return trip took over more than a hundred
of these fellows.
You can imagine with what intense
interest the crossing of the first boat-load of our men was watched by the
numerous spectators on the shore, and with what enthusiastic shouts their
landing on the opposite side was greeted. It was an authentic piece of human
heroism, which moves men as nothing else can. The problem was solved. This flash
of bravery had done what scores of batteries and tons of metal had failed to
accomplish. The country will not forget that little band.
THE BIRD WORK-HOLDER for the lap,
in hand sewing, and NAPKIN-HOLDER at the table. Small, neat, and ornamental.
Free by mail on receipt of price.
Heavily plated, in Gold, 50
" " in Silver, 25 cents.
Address ALLYN & PHELPS,
Inventors and Manufacturers'
429 Broadway, New York.
THE BEST GIFT
For SOLDIERS IN THE FIELD,
"EVANS' PORTABLE CAMP COOKING STOVE, which furnishes every convenience for a
MESS OF FOUR OFFICERS; is picked for transportation, with seven feet of pipe, in
mess chest twenty by twenty-four inches, and twelve inches deep. Can be put up
in five minutes. Price, with chest, $15. Or one of EVANS' PORTABLE TENT HEATERS
—will heat any tent in the service, is packed with seven feet of pipe, in box
ten inches square and eight inches deep. Price complete $5. Send for Circular.
J. W. EVANS, 21 John Street, N.
Y. The Prince of Holiday Gifts or
"THE CRAIG MICROSCOPE"
Magnifies small objects 10,000
times. So simple that a child may use it. A most suitable present for any
person. Price by mail $2.25; with six mounted objects $3. Address HENRY CRAIG,
182 Centre Street, New York.
BEAUTY.—Hunt's Bloom of Roses, a
charming and perfectly natural color for the cheeks, or lips. Will not wash off,
but remains durable for years. Can only be removed with vinegar, and warranted
not to injure the skin. Used by the celebrated Court Beauties of Europe
exclusively. Mailed free from observation for one dollar.
HUNT & CO., Perfumers, 133 S.
Seventh St., Philad.
Splendid Holiday Presents.
100,000 WATCHES, CHAINS, &c., &c.
To be sold for One Dollar each, without regard to value,
and not to be paid for till you know what you are to get.
OF ARTICLES TO BE SOLD FOR ONE DOLLAR EACH.
100 Gold Hunting Cased
Watches $100.00 each.
100 Gold Watches 60.00 each.
200 Ladies' Gold Watches 35.00
500 Ladies' and Gent's Watches..15.00 each.
3000 Vest and Neck Chains 5.00-10.00
3000 Gold Band Bracelets 5.00
3000 " " " 3.00 to 5.00
3000 Cameo Brooches 4.00 to
3000 Mosaic and Jet Brooches
4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Lava and Florentine
Brooches 4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Coral, Opal, and Em.
Brooches 4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Cameo Ear Drops 4.00 to
3000 Mosaic and Jet Ear Drops
4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Lava and Florentine Ear
Drops 4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Coral, Em., and Opal Ear Drops ....4.00 to 8.00 each.
5100 Gent's Breast Pins 2.50
to 8.00 each.
3000 Watch Keys 2.00 to 6.00
5000 Fob and Ribbon Slides
2.00 to 6.00 each.
5000 Sets of Bosom Studs 2.50
to 6.00 each.
5000 Sleeve Buttons 2.50 to
6000 Plain Rings 2.50 to 5.00
6000 Stone Set Rings 2.50 to
6000 Lockets 2.50 to 10.00
5000 Sets Ladies' Jewelry 5.00
to 10.00 each.
10000 Gold Pens, with Silver Mounted
.......................4.00 to 5.00 each.
10000 Gold Pens, with Silver Extension
Cases and Pencils 4.00 to 6.00
All Gold Pens 14 Carats and
All of the above list of Goods
will be sold for one dollar each. Certificates of all the various articles,
stating what each one can have, are first put into envelopes, sealed up, and
mixed; and when ordered, are taken out without regard to choice, and sent by
mail, thus giving all a fair chance. On receipt of the Certificate, you will see
what you can have, and then it is at your option to send one dollar and take the
article or not.
In all transactions by mail, we
shall charge for forwarding the Certificates, paying postage, and doing the
business, 25 cents each, which must be inclosed when the Certificate is sent
for. Five Certificates will be sent for $1; eleven for $2; thirty for $5;
sixty-five for $10; and a hundred for $15.
AGENTS.—Those acting as Agents
will be allowed ten cents on every Certificate ordered by them, provided their
remittance amounts to one dollar. Agents will collect 25 cents for every
Certificate, and remit 15 cents to us, either in cash or postage stamps. Great
caution should be used by our correspondents in regard to giving their correct
address, Town, County, and State. Address
J. H. WINSLOW & CO.,
208 Broadway, New York.
India-Rubber Gloves cure Chapped
Hands, Salt Rheum, &c., and render them soft, smooth, and snowy white; are
impervious to water either hot or cold, and are an excellent protection in all
kinds of house-work. For sale by the trade generally. Sent by mail on receipt of
price and 4 stamps to pay postage. Ladies' sizes 75c. a pair; Gents sizes,
GOODYEAR'S I. R. GLOVE M'F'G CO., 205 Broadway, N. Y., Dealers in every description of
Rubber Goods, Wholesale and Retail.
Something New for Holiday
Gent's Vest Chains, finished in
Jet Enamel, very neat, fashionable, and entirely new. Sent free of expense to
any address on receipt of One Dollar. J. L. FERGUSON, 208 Broadway, N.
A Valuable Holiday Gift
to your relative or friend in the
Army or Navy. One of
combining extraordinary power and
field. Price from $20 to $50. Sent free every where. SEMMONS, Optician, 669 1/2 Broadway, opposite Bond
J. W. MERSEREAU,
Men's Furnishing Goods
No. 2 Warren Street.
SECOND DOOR FROM BROADWAY, NEW
YORK. Represented by N. R. MERSEREAU, L. N. WYANT.
FRIENDS OF SOLDIERS!
All Articles for Soldiers at
Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union
troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway.
Sutlers charged low rates.
FRENCH WINES AND BRANDIES,
From Paul de Coninck, Monod &
Guiraud, Bordeaux, France. Warranted strictly pure. For sale by J. MARC MARTIN, Importer, No. 203 Pearl Street, New
Swords for Presentation, Sashes,
Belts, and Epaulettes, Guns, Pistols,
Every article in the Military
Line Wholesale and Retail.
W. J. Syms & Bro.,
300 Broadway, New York.
CHAPPED HANDS, FACE, LIPS,
Certain and Inmiediate Cure.
HEGEMAN & Co.'s CAMPHOR ICE with
GLYCERINE, if used according to the directions, will keep the hands soft in the
coldest weather. Price 25 cents. Sold by Druggists. Sent by mail on receipt of
HEGEMAN & Co., Chemists and
Druggists, New York.
To all Wanting Farms.
Large and thriving settlement of
Vineland. Rich soil. Good crops of Wheat, Corn, Peaches, &c., to be seen—only 30
miles from Philadelphia. Delightful climate—20 acre tracts of from $15 to $20
per acre, payable within 4 years. Good schools and society. Hundreds are
settling. Apply to CHAS. K. LANDIS, P.M., Vineland, Cumberland Co., New Jersey.
Report of Solon Robinson and Vineland Rural sent free. From Report of Solon
Robinson, Ag. Ed. Tribune.
"It is one of the most extensive
fertile tracts, in an almost level position, and suitable condition for pleasant
farming that we know of this side of the Western Prairies.
FOUNDED IN 1840.
INCORPORATED BY LEGISLATIVE CHARTER,
Being the only Commercial College
in the Union conducted by a PRACTICAL MERCHANT.
Over 6,000 Students
Have been educated in the
principles and practice of all the details of a business education from Duff's
system of MERCANTILE BOOK-KEEPING.
Awarded four Silver Medals and
the sanction of the highest mercantile authorities in the country. Also, Duff's
"A perfect system for such books
and accounts." Also, Duff's new system of
After the forms of the
Pennsylvania Railooad. Also, Duff's new system of
PRIVATE BANK BOOK-KEEPING,
The only one in use in the city.
The above systems of accounts are all taught under the daily supervision of the
author, and it is believed to a degree of perfection never attained elsewhere.
TWELVE FIRST PREMIUMS
For best Business and Ornamental
Penmanship, awarded our present Penman, by the
United States Fair at Cincinnati
Pennsylvania State Fair at
Western Pennsylvania Fair at
Western Virginia Fair at Wheeling
and the Ohio State Fair at
All of which are exhibited at our
Harper's enlarged edition of
DUFF'S BOOK-KEEPING for sale by Booksellers. Price $1.50.
For full particulars, send for
our new circular, pp. 68, with samples of our penman's writing, inclosing 25
cents to P. DUFF & SON,
Just Tribute to Merit.
AT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION,
July 11th, 1862,
Was the only "preparation for
food from Indian Corn" that received a medal and honorable mention from the
Royal Commissioners, the competition of all prominent manufacturers of "Corn
Starch" and "Prepared Corn Flour" of this and other countries notwithstanding.
The food and luxury of the age,
without a single fault.
One trial will convince the most sceptical. Makes Puddings, Cakes, Custards,
Blanc Mange, &c., without isinglass, with few or no eggs, at a cost astonishing
the most economical. A slight addition to ordinary Wheat Flour
greatly improves Bread and Cake. It is also excellent for
thickening sweet sauces, gravies for fish and meat, soups,
&c. For Ice Cream nothing can compare with it. A little boiled in milk will
produce rich Cream for coffee, chocolate, tea, &c. Put up in 1 pound package
with directions. A most delicious article of food
for children and invalids
of all ages. For sale by Grocers and Druggists everywhere.
Manufactured at Glen Cove, Long
Wholesale Depot, 166 Fulton
WM. DURYEA, General Agent.
THE PERFECTION OF MECHANISM.
BEING A HUNTING AND OPEN FACE, OR
LADY'S OR GENTLEMAN'S WATCH COMBINED.
One of the prettiest, most
convenient, and decidedly the best and cheapest timepiece for general and
reliable use ever offered. It has within it and connected with its machinery its
own winding attachment, rendering a key entirely unnecessary. The cases of this
Watch are composed of two metals, the outer one being fine 16 carat gold. It has
the improved ruby action lever movement, and is warranted an accurate timepiece.
Price, superbly engraved, per case of a half dozen, $204.00. Sample Watches, in
neat morocco boxes, for those proposing to buy at wholesale, $35, sent by
express, with bill payable on delivery. Soldiers must remit payment in advance,
as we can not collect from those in the Army. Address
HUBBARD BROS., SOLE IMPORTERS,
Cor. John and Nassau Streets, New
Family Dye Colors.
For dyeing SILK, WOOLEN and MIXED
GOODS, SHAWLS, SCARFS, DRESSES, RIBBONS, GLOVES, BONNETS, HATS, FEATHERS, KID
GLOVES, CHILDREN'S CLOTHING, and all kinds of WEARING APPAREL, with perfect fast
A Saving of 80 per cent.
These Dyes are mixed in the form
of powders, concentrated, are thoroughly tested, and put up in neat packages.
For twenty-five cents you can color as many goods as would otherwise cost five
times that sum. The process is simple, and any one can use the Dyes with perfect
success. Directions inside of each Package.
Manufactured by HOWE & STEVENS,
258 Broadway, Boston.
For sale by Wholesale Druggists
in New York and other Cities.
PRINCE'S IMPROVED FOUNTAIN
PEN.—One filling writes 8 to 10 hours. Sent by mail. Send stamp for circular.
GEO. F. HAWKES, No. 64 Nassau St., N. Y.
CATARRH!—Dr. Goodale's CATARRH
REMEDY penetrates to the very seat of this terrible disease, and exterminates
it, root and branch. Price $1.00. Send a stamp for a pamphlet. Depot 612
These Celebrated Engraved Cards
sold only at J. EVERDELL'S
Old Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane St., N.Y.
Established 1840. For Specimen by Mail, send two stamps.
Hints to Company Officers
By CAPT. C. C. ANDREWS,
Of the Third Minnesota Regt., U. S. Vols.
The principal portion of this
work was written while the author was confined as a prisoner of war in the State
of Georgia, and contains, in a small compass, a large amount of information to
Company Officers which can not be found in the "Regulations." An officer can not
fail to be better qualified for a command after a careful perusal of its pages.
1 vol. 18mo, Cloth
Copies sent free by mail on
receipt of price.
D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher,
192 Broadway, New York.
An Invaluable Present
$55 WATCHES. $55
A Genuine DIAMOND SET, Solid 16
k. Gold Hunting Case "Ladies' Watch" for $55, the usual retail price of which is
from $75 to $100. All kinds of Watches Retailed at Wholsale prices. Send for a
J. L. FERGUSON, 208 Broadway, N.
NATIONAL AMERICAN AMUSEMENT
Colonel for King, Goddess of
Liberty for Queen, and Major
for Jack. 52 enameled cards to
the pack. Eagles, Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and you can play all
the usual games. Four packs mailed free on receipt of One Dollar. The usual
discount to the trade. Send for a Circular. Address AMERICAN PUBLISHING AGENCY,
14 Chambers Street, New York.
Attention Masons and Soldiers.
I will send (as sample), on the
receipt of $1, a handsome Gold Masonic Pin or Ring, or Plated Vest chain, or a
fine Gold Pen and Pencil, or Engraved Locket, or Bracelet, or Neck Chain, or a
beautiful set of Jewelry, together with my wholesale Circular. B. T. HAYWARD,
208 Broadway, New York.
NEW NOVELS, by Lady Clara
Cavendish. — The Woman of the World —Lisa; or, the Mesmerist's Victim. —The
Divorce, a Tale of Fashionable Life.—Margaret, Marchioness of Miniver. Price
Fifty Cents each.
Mailed, free of postage, on
receipt of price.
FREDERICK A. BRADY, Publisher, 24
Ann street, N. Y. For sale in Philadelphia by T. B. PETERSONN & BROTHERS.
New Music Book for Sunday
A COLLECTION OF HYMNS AND TUNES
for the use of Sunday Schools. The Music edited by B. J. LANG. Price, cloth,
$4.00 per doz.; boards, $3.00 per doz.; single copies, cloth, 50 cts.; boards,
35 cts. The object of this book is to present a collection of Hymns and Tunes
embodying liberal and cheerful sentiment, avoiding those harsh features so
unattractive and unsuited to the young, but which have become stereotyped into
most collections of the kind. Copies will be sent, post-paid, on receipt of the
price, by the publishers, OLIVER DITSON & CO., Boston.
Cristadoro's Hair Dye.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD.
Cristadoro's Hair Preservative.
Unequaled as a dressing. Both for sale everywhere, and applied at No. 6 Astor
House, N. Y.
Rheumatism—Who has it?
It has been confessedly
acknowledged by thousands who have used them, that the Galvano Electro Metallic
insoles are the only preventive and cure. Sold by all druggists and shoe dealers
generally. Price $l; sent by mail for $1.25. Secured by English and American
Send for a circular. METTAM &
CO., 29 Broadway.
DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT
WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?
will force then to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without
stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address,
on receipt of on order.
R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau
Street, N. Y.
MOUSTACHES AND WHISKERS IN 42
DAYS, Hunting, Fishing, and many other Great Secrets, all in the Book of
Wonders. 7,500 sold. 8th Ed. Price only 20c. 8 for $1. Mailed free. Address
C. E. HUNTER & CO., Hindsdale, N.
NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE
One Copy for one Year
Two Copies for One Year
An Extra Copy, gratis, for every
Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS, at $2.50 each, or 11 Copies for $25.00.
HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S
WEEKLY, together, one year, $5.00.
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS.
Single Copies Six Cents.
One Copy for One Year
One Copy for Two Years
And an Extra Copy will be allowed
for every Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS, at $2.50 each, or 11 Copies for $25.
HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S
WEEKLY, together, one year, $5.00.
HARPER'S WEEKLY is electrotyped,
and Back Numbers can be had at any time.
Vols. I., II., III., IV., and V.,
for the Years 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, and 1861, of "HARPER'S WEEKLY," handsomely
bound in Cloth extra, Price $4.37 each, are now ready.
The Publishers employ no
TRAVELING AGENTS. Parties who desire to subscribe to Harper's Magazine or
Harper's Weekly had better remit direct to the Publishers, or pay their
subscription to some Postmaster or General Agent with whom they are acquainted,
and of whose responsibility they are assured.
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,
FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK.