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Civil War Harper's Weekly, December 27, 1862

Welcome to our collection of online Civil War newspapers. We have posted all the Harper's Weekly newspapers that were printed during the Civil War. This site allows access to this incredible historical resource to allow you to develop a deeper understanding of this period in American History.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)

 

Battle of Fredericksburg

Battle of Fredericksburg

Fredericksburg Battle Description

Description of  Battle of Fredericksburg

Fredericksburg Retreat

Burnside's Retreat After Fredericksburg

Map Fredericksburg

Fredericksburg Map

War in the Rear

War from the Rear

The Fredericksburg Bombardment

The Fredericksburg Bombardment

The Forlorn Hope

The Forlorn Hope

Ads

Ads

Fredericksburg Bombardment

Bombardment of Fredericksburg

Behind the Lines

Behind the Lines

 

 

 

 

 

 

DECEMBER 27, 1862.]

HARPER'S WEEKLY.

831

(Previous Page) soon began to crowd the floors of the Lacy House. Other regiments had also suffered, though much less, and the surgeons soon had work enough.

About eight o'clock the artillery fire ceased. The fog was so dense that objects were invisible one hundred yards from the guns. Fredericksburg was as silent as before. Again the engineers advance, and again the enemy drive them back, orderlies gallop to the different batteries with instructions; a message orders from Aquia a special train with solid shot; and again the thunder breaks out anew. For a time the roar is indescribably awful. The city from its walls of brick hurls back a thousand echoes, which beat up against the Falmouth bluff, roll back again beyond the town, and then from the distant hills once more swell over to us, as though the heavens were rent asunder. At General Sumner's head-quarters, half a mile distant, it becomes difficult to converse in a low tone, while at the batteries orders must be signaled. By-and-by the firing ceases, and one is almost awe-stricken with the profound silence. The mist still clings to the river, the sun struggles up red and fiery, and the air is suffocating with the odor of gunpowder. Presently the bank of fog begins to lift a little, the glistening roofs gleam faintly through the veil, then the sunbeams scatter the clouds that intervene, and Fredericksburg, utterly desolate, stands out before. A huge column of dense black smoke towers like a monument above the livid flames, that leap and hiss and crackle, licking up the snow upon the roofs with lambent tongues, and stretching like a giant. The guns renew their roar, and we see the solid shot plunge through the masonry as though it were pasteboard; other buildings are fired, and before sundown a score of houses are in ashes, while not one seems to have escaped the pitiless storm of iron. A less number have been fired than was anticipated; but the damage done by solid shot is terrible, and will require years to repair. Among the sufferers is Mr. Garland, a loyal refugee, who witnessed the bombardment from the head-quarters of General Sumner, of whose staff his son is a member. The residence of Mr. Slaughter, father of the Mayor, Dr. Wallace's, Mrs. Hayes's, and Timberlake's auction and commission store, are among the buildings burned. An English ensign hung conspicuously from one of the houses, which, fortunately for the inmates, was less exposed to our fire. Females could be seen darting through the streets, negroes carrying furniture from burning houses, and now and then a rebel gliding from one hiding-place to another. Our artillery would drive the enemy from their cover upon the bank of the river, but when compelled to cease, in order not to endanger the lives of the regiments, the rebels would immediately steal back and pick off our men with the rifle.

THE FORLORN HOPE.

The Times correspondent thus describes the gallant performance of General Hall's brigade:

During the thick of the bombardment a fresh attempt had been made to complete the bridge. It failed, and evidently nothing could be done till a party could be thrown over to clean out the rebels and cover the bridge head. For this mission General Burnside called for volunteers, and Colonel Hall, of Fort Sumter fame, immediately responded that he had a brigade that would do the business. Accordingly, the Seventh Michigan and Nineteenth Massachusetts, two small regiments, numbering in all about four hundred men, were selected for the purpose.

The plan was that they should take the pontoon boats of the first bridge, of which there were ten lying on the bank of the river, waiting to be added to the half-finished bridge, cross over in them, and landing, drive out the rebels.

Nothing could be more admirable or more gallant than the execution of this daring feat. Rushing down the steep banks of the river, the party found temporary shelter behind the pontoon boats lying scattered on the bank, and behind the piles of planking destined for the covering of the bridge, behind rocks, etc. In this situation they acted some fifteen or twenty minutes as sharp-shooters, they and the rebels observing each other. In the mean time new and vigorous artillery-firing was commenced on our part, and just as soon as this was fairly developed, the Seventh Michigan rose from their crouching-places, rushed for the pontoon boats, and pushing them into the water, rapidly filled them with twenty-five or thirty each.

The first boat pushes off. Now, if ever, is the rebels' opportunity. Crack! crack! crack! from fifty lurking-places go rebel rifles at the gallant fellows. who, stooping low in tine beat, seek to avoid the fire. The murderous work was well done. Lustily, however, pull the oarsmen; and presently, having passed the middle of the stream, the boat and its gallant freight come under cover of the opposite bluffs.

Another and another boat follows. Now is their opportunity. Nothing could be more amusing in its way than the result. Instantly they see a new turn of affairs. The rebels pop up by the hundred, like so many rats, from every cellar, rifle-pit, and stone wall, and scamper off up the streets of the town. With all their fleetness, however, many of them were much too slow. With incredible rapidity the Michigan and Massachusetts boys sweep up the hill, making a rush for the lurking-places occupied by the rebels, and gaining them, each man capturing his two or three prisoners. The pontoon boats on their return trip took over more than a hundred of these fellows.

You can imagine with what intense interest the crossing of the first boat-load of our men was watched by the numerous spectators on the shore, and with what enthusiastic shouts their landing on the opposite side was greeted. It was an authentic piece of human heroism, which moves men as nothing else can. The problem was solved. This flash of bravery had done what scores of batteries and tons of metal had failed to accomplish. The country will not forget that little band.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

Holiday Present.

THE BIRD WORK-HOLDER for the lap, in hand sewing, and NAPKIN-HOLDER at the table. Small, neat, and ornamental. Free by mail on receipt of price.

Heavily plated, in Gold, 50 cents.

" " in Silver, 25 cents.

Address       ALLYN & PHELPS,

   Inventors and Manufacturers' Depot,

      429 Broadway, New York.

THE BEST GIFT

For SOLDIERS IN THE FIELD, "EVANS' PORTABLE CAMP COOKING STOVE, which furnishes every convenience for a MESS OF FOUR OFFICERS; is picked for transportation, with seven feet of pipe, in mess chest twenty by twenty-four inches, and twelve inches deep. Can be put up in five minutes. Price, with chest, $15. Or one of EVANS' PORTABLE TENT HEATERS —will heat any tent in the service, is packed with seven feet of pipe, in box ten inches square and eight inches deep. Price complete $5. Send for Circular. J. W. EVANS, 21 John Street, N. Y. The Prince of Holiday Gifts or Presents.

"THE CRAIG MICROSCOPE"

Magnifies small objects 10,000 times. So simple that a child may use it. A most suitable present for any person. Price by mail $2.25; with six mounted objects $3. Address HENRY CRAIG, 182 Centre Street, New York.

BEAUTY.—Hunt's Bloom of Roses, a charming and perfectly natural color for the cheeks, or lips. Will not wash off, but remains durable for years. Can only be removed with vinegar, and warranted not to injure the skin. Used by the celebrated Court Beauties of Europe exclusively. Mailed free from observation for one dollar.

HUNT & CO., Perfumers, 133 S. Seventh St., Philad.

Splendid Holiday Presents.

100,000 WATCHES, CHAINS, &c., &c.
WORTH $500,000.

To be sold for One Dollar each, without regard to value,
and not to be paid for till you know what you are to get.

SPLENDID LEST!!
OF ARTICLES TO BE SOLD FOR ONE DOLLAR EACH.

100 Gold Hunting Cased Watches   $100.00 each.

100 Gold Watches    60.00 each.

200 Ladies' Gold Watches    35.00 each.

500 Ladies' and Gent's Watches..15.00 each.

3000 Vest and Neck Chains   5.00-10.00

3000 Gold Band Bracelets    5.00 to 10.00 

3000 "   "   "    3.00 to 5.00 each.

3000 Cameo Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Mosaic and Jet Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Lava and Florentine Brooches   4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Coral, Opal, and Em. Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Cameo Ear Drops    4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Mosaic and Jet Ear Drops    4.00 to 6.00 each.

3000 Lava and Florentine Ear Drops   4.00 to 6.00 each.
3000 Coral, Em., and Opal Ear Drops ....4.00 to 8.00 each.

5100 Gent's Breast Pins    2.50 to 8.00 each.

3000 Watch Keys    2.00 to 6.00 each.

5000 Fob and Ribbon Slides    2.00 to 6.00 each.

5000 Sets of Bosom Studs    2.50 to 6.00 each.

5000 Sleeve Buttons    2.50 to 6.00 each.

6000 Plain Rings    2.50 to 5.00 each.

6000 Stone Set Rings    2.50 to 6.00 each.

6000 Lockets    2.50 to 10.00 each.

5000 Sets Ladies' Jewelry   5.00 to 10.00 each.
10000 Gold Pens, with Silver Mounted

Holders .......................4.00 to 5.00 each.
10000 Gold Pens, with Silver Extension

Cases and Pencils   4.00 to 6.00 each.

All Gold Pens 14 Carats and Warranted.

All of the above list of Goods will be sold for one dollar each. Certificates of all the various articles, stating what each one can have, are first put into envelopes, sealed up, and mixed; and when ordered, are taken out without regard to choice, and sent by mail, thus giving all a fair chance. On receipt of the Certificate, you will see what you can have, and then it is at your option to send one dollar and take the article or not.

In all transactions by mail, we shall charge for forwarding the Certificates, paying postage, and doing the business, 25 cents each, which must be inclosed when the Certificate is sent for. Five Certificates will be sent for $1; eleven for $2; thirty for $5; sixty-five for $10; and a hundred for $15.

AGENTS.—Those acting as Agents will be allowed ten cents on every Certificate ordered by them, provided their remittance amounts to one dollar. Agents will collect 25 cents for every Certificate, and remit 15 cents to us, either in cash or postage stamps. Great caution should be used by our correspondents in regard to giving their correct address, Town, County, and State. Address

J. H. WINSLOW & CO.,

208 Broadway, New York.

India-Rubber Gloves cure Chapped Hands, Salt Rheum, &c., and render them soft, smooth, and snowy white; are impervious to water either hot or cold, and are an excellent protection in all kinds of house-work. For sale by the trade generally. Sent by mail on receipt of price and 4 stamps to pay postage. Ladies' sizes 75c. a pair; Gents sizes, $1.00.

GOODYEAR'S I. R. GLOVE M'F'G CO., 205 Broadway, N. Y., Dealers in every description of Rubber Goods, Wholesale and Retail.

Something New for Holiday Presents.

Gent's Vest Chains, finished in Jet Enamel, very neat, fashionable, and entirely new. Sent free of expense to any address on receipt of One Dollar. J. L. FERGUSON, 208 Broadway, N. Y.

A Valuable Holiday Gift

to your relative or friend in the Army or Navy. One of

SEMMONS' FIELD-MARINE
GLASSES,

combining extraordinary power and field. Price from $20 to $50. Sent free every where. SEMMONS, Optician, 669 1/2 Broadway, opposite Bond Street.

J. W. MERSEREAU,

Men's Furnishing Goods
—AND—

No. 2 Warren Street.

SECOND DOOR FROM BROADWAY, NEW YORK. Represented by N. R. MERSEREAU, L. N. WYANT.

FRIENDS OF SOLDIERS!

All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.

FRENCH WINES AND BRANDIES,

From Paul de Coninck, Monod & Guiraud, Bordeaux, France. Warranted strictly pure. For sale by  J. MARC MARTIN, Importer,  No. 203 Pearl Street, New York.

MILITARY GOODS.

Swords for Presentation, Sashes, Belts, and Epaulettes, Guns, Pistols, and Revolvers.

Every article in the Military Line Wholesale and Retail.

W. J. Syms & Bro.,

300 Broadway, New York.

CHAPPED HANDS, FACE, LIPS, SUNBURN, &c.—

Certain and Inmiediate Cure.

HEGEMAN & Co.'s CAMPHOR ICE with GLYCERINE, if used according to the directions, will keep the hands soft in the coldest weather. Price 25 cents. Sold by Druggists. Sent by mail on receipt of 30 cents.

HEGEMAN & Co., Chemists and Druggists, New York.

To all Wanting Farms.

Large and thriving settlement of Vineland. Rich soil. Good crops of Wheat, Corn, Peaches, &c., to be seen—only 30 miles from Philadelphia. Delightful climate—20 acre tracts of from $15 to $20 per acre, payable within 4 years. Good schools and society. Hundreds are settling. Apply to CHAS. K. LANDIS, P.M., Vineland, Cumberland Co., New Jersey. Report of Solon Robinson and Vineland Rural sent free. From Report of Solon Robinson, Ag. Ed. Tribune.

"It is one of the most extensive fertile tracts, in an almost level position, and suitable condition for pleasant farming that we know of this side of the Western Prairies.

PITTSBURG, PA.
FOUNDED IN 1840.
INCORPORATED BY LEGISLATIVE CHARTER,

Being the only Commercial College in the Union conducted by a PRACTICAL MERCHANT.

Over 6,000 Students

Have been educated in the principles and practice of all the details of a business education from Duff's system of MERCANTILE BOOK-KEEPING.

Awarded four Silver Medals and the sanction of the highest mercantile authorities in the country. Also, Duff's STEAMBOAT BOOK-KEEPING,

"A perfect system for such books and accounts." Also, Duff's new system of

RAILROAD BOOK-KEEPING,

After the forms of the Pennsylvania Railooad. Also, Duff's new system of

PRIVATE BANK BOOK-KEEPING,

The only one in use in the city. The above systems of accounts are all taught under the daily supervision of the author, and it is believed to a degree of perfection never attained elsewhere.

TWELVE FIRST PREMIUMS

For best Business and Ornamental Penmanship, awarded our present Penman, by the

United States Fair at Cincinnati in   1860.

Pennsylvania State Fair at Wyoming   1860.

Western Pennsylvania Fair at Pittsburg   1860.

Western Virginia Fair at Wheeling    1860.

and the Ohio State Fair at Cleveland    1802.

All of which are exhibited at our office.

Harper's enlarged edition of DUFF'S BOOK-KEEPING for sale by Booksellers. Price $1.50.

For full particulars, send for our new circular, pp. 68, with samples of our penman's writing, inclosing 25

cents to      P. DUFF & SON, Principals.

Just Tribute to Merit.

 

AT INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, LONDON,
July 11th, 1862,

Duryeas' Maizena

Was the only "preparation for food from Indian Corn" that received a medal and honorable mention from the Royal Commissioners, the competition of all prominent manufacturers of "Corn Starch" and "Prepared Corn Flour" of this and other countries notwithstanding.

Maizena

The food and luxury of the age, without a single fault. One trial will convince the most sceptical. Makes Puddings, Cakes, Custards, Blanc Mange, &c., without isinglass, with few or no eggs, at a cost astonishing the most economical. A slight addition to ordinary Wheat Flour greatly improves Bread and Cake. It is also excellent for thickening sweet sauces, gravies for fish and meat, soups, &c. For Ice Cream nothing can compare with it. A little boiled in milk will produce rich Cream for coffee, chocolate, tea, &c. Put up in 1 pound package with directions. A most delicious article of food for children and invalids of all ages. For sale by Grocers and Druggists everywhere.

Manufactured at Glen Cove, Long Island.

Wholesale Depot, 166 Fulton Street.
WM. DURYEA, General Agent.

THE PERFECTION OF MECHANISM.

BEING A HUNTING AND OPEN FACE, OR LADY'S OR GENTLEMAN'S WATCH COMBINED.

One of the prettiest, most convenient, and decidedly the best and cheapest timepiece for general and reliable use ever offered. It has within it and connected with its machinery its own winding attachment, rendering a key entirely unnecessary. The cases of this Watch are composed of two metals, the outer one being fine 16 carat gold. It has the improved ruby action lever movement, and is warranted an accurate timepiece. Price, superbly engraved, per case of a half dozen, $204.00. Sample Watches, in neat morocco boxes, for those proposing to buy at wholesale, $35, sent by express, with bill payable on delivery. Soldiers must remit payment in advance, as we can not collect from those in the Army. Address

HUBBARD BROS., SOLE IMPORTERS,

Cor. John and Nassau Streets, New York.

LIST OF COLORS.

Family Dye Colors.

For dyeing SILK, WOOLEN and MIXED GOODS, SHAWLS, SCARFS, DRESSES, RIBBONS, GLOVES, BONNETS, HATS, FEATHERS, KID GLOVES, CHILDREN'S CLOTHING, and all kinds of WEARING APPAREL, with perfect fast colors.

A Saving of 80 per cent.

These Dyes are mixed in the form of powders, concentrated, are thoroughly tested, and put up in neat packages. For twenty-five cents you can color as many goods as would otherwise cost five times that sum. The process is simple, and any one can use the Dyes with perfect success. Directions inside of each Package.

Manufactured by HOWE & STEVENS, 258 Broadway, Boston.

For sale by Wholesale Druggists in New York and other Cities.

PRINCE'S IMPROVED FOUNTAIN PEN.—One filling writes 8 to 10 hours. Sent by mail. Send stamp for circular. GEO. F. HAWKES, No. 64 Nassau St., N. Y.

CATARRH!—Dr. Goodale's CATARRH REMEDY penetrates to the very seat of this terrible disease, and exterminates it, root and branch. Price $1.00. Send a stamp for a pamphlet. Depot 612 Broadway.

These Celebrated Engraved Cards sold only at J. EVERDELL'S
Old Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane St., N.Y.
Established 1840. For Specimen by Mail, send two stamps.

Hints to Company Officers

ON THEIR

Military Duties.

By CAPT. C. C. ANDREWS,
Of the Third Minnesota Regt., U. S. Vols.

The principal portion of this work was written while the author was confined as a prisoner of war in the State of Georgia, and contains, in a small compass, a large amount of information to Company Officers which can not be found in the "Regulations." An officer can not fail to be better qualified for a command after a careful perusal of its pages.

1 vol. 18mo, Cloth .....................50 cents.

Copies sent free by mail on receipt of price.
   D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher,

      192 Broadway, New York.

An Invaluable Present

$55 WATCHES. $55

"Holiday Presents."

A Genuine DIAMOND SET, Solid 16 k. Gold Hunting Case "Ladies' Watch" for $55, the usual retail price of which is from $75 to $100. All kinds of Watches Retailed at Wholsale prices. Send for a Circular.

J. L. FERGUSON, 208 Broadway, N. Y.

SOMETHING NEW.

NATIONAL AMERICAN AMUSEMENT CARDS.

Colonel for King, Goddess of Liberty for Queen, and Major

for Jack. 52 enameled cards to the pack. Eagles, Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and you can play all the usual games. Four packs mailed free on receipt of One Dollar. The usual discount to the trade. Send for a Circular. Address AMERICAN PUBLISHING AGENCY,

   14 Chambers Street, New York.

Attention Masons and Soldiers.

I will send (as sample), on the receipt of $1, a handsome Gold Masonic Pin or Ring, or Plated Vest chain, or a fine Gold Pen and Pencil, or Engraved Locket, or Bracelet, or Neck Chain, or a beautiful set of Jewelry, together with my wholesale Circular. B. T. HAYWARD, Manufacturing Jeweler,

208 Broadway, New York.

NEW NOVELS, by Lady Clara Cavendish. — The Woman of the World —Lisa; or, the Mesmerist's Victim. —The Divorce, a Tale of Fashionable Life.—Margaret, Marchioness of Miniver. Price Fifty Cents each.

Mailed, free of postage, on receipt of price.

FREDERICK A. BRADY, Publisher, 24 Ann street, N. Y. For sale in Philadelphia by T. B. PETERSONN & BROTHERS.

New Music Book for Sunday Schools.

YOUTHFUL VOICES.

A COLLECTION OF HYMNS AND TUNES for the use of Sunday Schools. The Music edited by B. J. LANG. Price, cloth, $4.00 per doz.; boards, $3.00 per doz.; single copies, cloth, 50 cts.; boards, 35 cts. The object of this book is to present a collection of Hymns and Tunes embodying liberal and cheerful sentiment, avoiding those harsh features so unattractive and unsuited to the young, but which have become stereotyped into most collections of the kind. Copies will be sent, post-paid, on receipt of the price, by the publishers, OLIVER DITSON & CO., Boston.

Cristadoro's Hair Dye.

THE BEST IN THE WORLD.

Cristadoro's Hair Preservative. Unequaled as a dressing. Both for sale everywhere, and applied at No. 6 Astor House, N. Y.

Rheumatism—Who has it?

It has been confessedly acknowledged by thousands who have used them, that the Galvano Electro Metallic insoles are the only preventive and cure. Sold by all druggists and shoe dealers generally. Price $l; sent by mail for $1.25. Secured by English and American Patents.

Send for a circular. METTAM & CO., 29 Broadway.

DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT

WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?

—My Onguent will force then to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of on order.

R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

MOUSTACHES AND WHISKERS IN 42 DAYS, Hunting, Fishing, and many other Great Secrets, all in the Book of Wonders. 7,500 sold. 8th Ed. Price only 20c. 8 for $1. Mailed free. Address

C. E. HUNTER & CO., Hindsdale, N. H.

HARPER'S

NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE

TERMS.

One Copy for one Year .....................$3.00

Two Copies for One Year ..................5.00

An Extra Copy, gratis, for every Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS, at $2.50 each, or 11 Copies for $25.00.

HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S WEEKLY, together, one year, $5.00.

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS.

HARPER'S WEEKLY.

Single Copies Six Cents.

TERMS.

One Copy for One Year .....................$3.00

One Copy for Two Years ....................5.00

And an Extra Copy will be allowed for every Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS, at $2.50 each, or 11 Copies for $25.

HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S WEEKLY, together, one year, $5.00.

HARPER'S WEEKLY is electrotyped, and Back Numbers can be had at any time.

Vols. I., II., III., IV., and V., for the Years 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, and 1861, of "HARPER'S WEEKLY," handsomely bound in Cloth extra, Price $4.37 each, are now ready.

The Publishers employ no TRAVELING AGENTS. Parties who desire to subscribe to Harper's Magazine or Harper's Weekly had better remit direct to the Publishers, or pay their subscription to some Postmaster or General Agent with whom they are acquainted, and of whose responsibility they are assured.

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK.

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