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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) proved during the day one of the hottest in the fight. Captain
De Hart's battery was posted further to the left, and directly confronted the
rebel line, whose position, though not as yet precisely known, was partially
revealed by the sound of his artillery and musketry beyond a belt of woods
toward Gaines's Mills.
Captain De Hart's battery consisted of six 12-pounder Napoleon guns, besides
which there was a battery of 3-inch rifled guns, of wrought iron, belonging to
the reserves. Captain Eaton's battery was on his left, and Captain Kern's
further to his left.
About ten o'clock the pickets at
our right were driven back from the woods skirting the field, and shortly
afterward those stationed on the Cross Roads toward the Coal Harbor road, were
also driven in. The enemy were silently creeping up to the right. Simultaneously
he made his appearance in a green field, directly in front, drawn up in line of
battle, and in five minutes their batteries opened on our lines with shell.
Following this the enemy had also placed a battery in position, fronting that of
Captain Weed's, and commenced fire—the fire of the two rebel batteries being at
an angle of 45 degrees to our position, enfilading the troops.
Captain Weed opened his battery,
as did those of Tidball's, which was stationed near the same position. The
battery of Captain De Hart also replied vigorously. The Zouaves, who were drawn
up in line nearest to the enemy, stood motionless and stern awaiting the onset,
while the regulars occupied the field and road, ready to receive and return the
rebel fire as soon as they should get within range. The whiz-z-z of Minie
bullets, and scream of shell and shot from a dozen different directions, now
showed that the work had begun in earnest.
The position of these batteries
and of Sykes's command was not essentially changed during the day. They held
their own under a most terrific fire, and to Weed's and Tidball's Batteries is
unquestionably due the credit of preventing the flanking of our right.
As the contest thickened, the
enemy showed themselves in constantly augmenting numbers. The tide of battle
swayed to the left, and finally covered the entire rolling land overlooking the
By two o'clock the woods covering
the hill were thronged by the two contending armies. The enemy generally
advanced in three lines, the first firing and falling down while that behind
repeated the same movement. By the time the third line had discharged their
pieces the first had loaded and were ready to rise and fire again.
Thus the battle raged, the enemy
at times giving way before the impetuous charges of our men, and again
recovering and advancing. The fiercest portion of the fight was near the brow of
the hill. Batteries thundered, musketry roared, and the din and noise of the
contending forces were terrific.
It was apparent that the rebels
were constantly bringing fresh troops upon the field, and there was literally no
end to their number.
SHOWERS OF CANISTER.
Reinforcements were sent for and
received, but the enemy continued to outnumber our forces, and toward nightfall
our wearied troops gave way toward the
Chickahominy. A scene in this retreat forms the
subject of our picture on pages 456 and 457. It represents GRIFFIN'S AND
MARTIN'S BATTERIES POURING CANISTER INTO THE REBEL RANKS. The World
Griffin's and Martin's batteries
did splendid service in checking the advance of the enemy, pouring canister into
their ranks with terrible effect. Probably the greatest carnage of this bloody
day was produced by the incessant discharges of double-shotted canister from the
brass Napoleons of Martin's battery. He had taken up a position in the hollow
between two small hills. The enemy advanced from the opposite side in solid
column on the double-quick, with arms at right shoulder-shift, not being able to
see the battery until they reached the crest of the hill, within one hundred
yards of it, when Martin opened on them, sweeping them from the field like chaff
in the wind. Twice again they formed and advanced, their officers behaving
splendidly; but it was useless, Martin's fierce leaden rain being too terrible
to withstand. The advance of the fresh troops having checked the enemy, and
night coming on, the conflict ceased, and both parties quietly lay on their
The Tribune writer says:
At six o'clock the enemy
commenced a determined attack on our extreme left, evidently with a design of
flanking us. It was an awful firing that resounded from that smoke-clouded
valley—not heavier than some in the earlier part of the engagement, but more
steady and determined. I am told that some men on the other side and further up
the river saw more than a dozen rebel regiments march in at that point, and,
remaining only a few minutes, file out a little distance up the ravine. It was
only by overbearing exhausted men with fresh ones that the enemy succeeded in
turning that flank, as at length he did succeed, only too well. And he
accomplished it in three-quarters of an hour. At the expiration of that time our
officers judiciously ordered their men to fall back.
As the infantry betook themselves
from the point of attack, some 20 guns, fortunately posted in the morning for
such an emergency, and which had not yet made a sign, opened a terrific fire of
canister at short range. The enemy recoiled. The bridge of Lodi was not half so
terrible. Until night set in, until the Valley of the Chickahominy was canopied
with sulphur, until their ammunition was exhausted—and many of them went upon
the field with over 200 rounds—did those guns hold the raging enemy at bay.
page 460 we
reproduce a sketch by our artist, Mr. A. R. Waud, representing
A PICKET ON THE
CHICKAHOMINY. The relief is approaching through the corn-field, and
the anxious watch of the faithful picket is nearly ended. The attitude of the
men is varied and yet truthful; the scene is one that will imprint itself firmly
on the memory.
On the same page we give a
picture of the BRIDGE
OVER THE CHICKAHOMINY, also from a sketch by Mr. Waud. He says:
BRIDGE OVER THE CHICKAHOMINY.
Our brave army, toiling in the
face of the enemy, ready to spring to arms at any moment, have done an immense
amount of work, of which the construction of bridges has formed no
inconsiderable portion. This has been necessary to secure our position in the
face of the enemy.
The picture presents a fair idea
of the bridge—a solid work of logs, laid corduroy fashion, covered with a layer
of earth, and winding through the otherwise impassable swamp.
page 453 we publish a large picture, likewise
from a sketch by Mr. Waud, illustrating THE PLAIN OF FAIROAKS after the battle.
Mr. Waud says:
Fairoaks is a railroad station,
used principally as a depot to supply the engines with wood, which is cut in
large quantities in the swamps and woodlands of the vicinity. It takes its name
from the plantation near by, which is called Fairoaks, from the group of green
oak-trees which surround the twin-houses represented in the picture.
An effort has been made to change
the name of the battle to Seven Pines. As no such assemblage of evergreens
exists near—locusts growing on the place called Seven Pines—it is clearly as
let the battle's name alone; and
McClellan was its sponsor, good-breeding ought
to suggest this to the most limited understanding.
page 461 we
reproduce a sketch sent us by an attentive correspondent, representing
the new base of the Army of the Potomac. The Herald correspondent thus describes
The Army of the Potomac is now
massed on the left bank of the
James River, along a space of about five miles on
the river, and to a distance of three miles back therefrom, at a point from six
to ten miles below City Point The spot is designated as Harrison's Landing. It
is 25 miles southeast of
Richmond, in a direct line; but the river is so
tortuous and crooked that it is nearly twice as far by water. The plantations in
the vicinity are exceedingly rich and fertile, the wheat being either just cut
or else fully ready for the reaper. The banks of the river slope down to the
water's edge. The river bottom itself is a continuation of this very gradual
slope, which makes the water near the shore exceedingly shallow. In order to
afford landing-places for vessels, therefore, long wooden piers or wharves are
built, running far out into the stream. These landing-places are usually
designated by the names of the individuals who built them and upon whose
plantations they abut.
The ground for miles around
Harrison's Landing is admirably situated for defense. The army, since its
arrival here, has made the most of these natural advantages, and is now strongly
intrenched. As all of our heavy siege guns, and indeed all our artillery, except
some sixty field-pieces, have been saved, it will be seen at once that we are in
good condition to stand even a siege, if the enemy should attempt one. But this
is not expected.
The large Berkeley mansion, and
the two smaller houses adjoining, as well as several negro huts in the vicinity,
are all occupied as hospitals. The family—named Stark—I believe, have not been
here since last March, and are now in Richmond. They removed most of their
portable personal effects in April and May, but left in the house all of their
rich carpets, elegant furniture, etc. The rain has poured down in torrents all
day today; the grounds around the house are one mass of mud, and in two hours
after the house was opened the rich carpets in every room were covered with a
thick layer of the sacred soil, which, being tramped and grimed into them, has
completely ruined them. Upon these once elegant but now muddy carpets our
wounded officers and soldiers are now lying closely crowded together. Two of the
rooms down stairs are used for
amputations, and in this department of surgery
the surgeons have been busy all day. For the want of space the sick and those
slightly wounded are made to go outside the house, there not being room enough
inside for the severely wounded alone. There are a great number of steamers and
sailing vessels out in the stream, which are being fitted up to receive these
sick and wounded men, and in a day or two they will all be removed to
10,000 Watches to be retailed at
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From the Pennsylvania Thirteenth,
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Our circulation has increased to
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A Total of only
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DYSPEPSIA AND FITS.
A sure Cure for these distressing
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by a young clairvoyant girl, while in a state of trance, has cured everybody who
has taken it, never having failed in a single case. It is equally sure in cases
of Fits as of Dyspepsia; and the ingredients may he found in any drug store.
Those who are afflicted with Consumption, Bronchitis, or Asthma, may also be
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New Novel by the Author of
NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE
For August, 1862.
The August number of HARPER'S NEW
MONTHLY MAGAZINE contains the opening Chapters of "Romola," by Miss EVANS, the
Author of "Adam Bede," "Scenes of Clerical Life," "The Mill on the Floss," and
"Silas Manner." It is printed with the Original Illustrations, from early
sheets, furnished in advance of its publication in England. The opening scenes
are laid at Florence, in the year of the discovery of America by Columbus. A
perusal of these chapters must assure our readers that they will have no reason
to regret that so much space has been given to this Tale. The immediate
termination of Mr. THACKERAY'S "Philip" will leave us space for our usual
variety of Articles, in addition to the three Serial Tales "Romola," "Orley
Farm," and "Mistress and Maid."
We commend the paper on "South
Carolina Nullifiers" and the biographical sketch of JOHN P. KENNEDY, to the
careful perusal of those who wish to study the inception and progress of the
present struggle in which we are engaged.
As an Illustrated Magazine,
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