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Civil War Harper's Weekly, May 10, 1862

We have posted all the Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War to this WEB site. This archive serves as an invaluable research tool to see first edition reports on the key events of the War.

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Confederate Negro Soldiers

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Democrats and Slavery

Democratic Party's Position on Slavery

Black Confederate Soldier

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Mississippi River

Mississippi River Map

Slaves as Confederate Soldiers

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General Gilmore

Quincy Gilmore

Attack Fort Wright

Attack on Fort Wright

Forts

Southern Forts

New Orleans

New Orleans

Farragut's Ships

Farragut's Gun Boats

Lake Pontchartrain

Lake Pontchartrain

Fort Wright

Fort Wright

Yorktown

Yorktown

Brother Jonathan

Brother Jonathan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAY 10, 1862.]

HARPER'S WEEKLY.

303

(Previous Page) dimensions, so that it is overflowing its banks, sweeping along in majesty and might. As we pass Plum Point the second Chickasaw Bluff looms up in the distance like a low range of hills, whose blue outline strikingly contrasts with the uniformly low and plashy shores of the river which extend from Columbus down. On rounding the point, as we took occasion to do with Captain Pike on a reconnoissance with a tug, we discover the top of the bluff cleared in places, and a few tents still standing, although their number is much diminished. With good optical aids a line of fresh excavations was to be discerned in one or two places near the water's edge, and something of the kind further up the hill-side. These are the new and hastily constructed batteries thrown up within a few days, and are mounted with some very heavy guns. The older fort, which has been in process of construction for several months, mounts nearly seventy guns, and has a front toward the land. The river batteries extend along the base, and round the lowest end of the bluff, covering a space of more than three miles.

The position we occupy and its relation to that of the enemy is not unlike that at Island No. 10. The commencement of operations is so much like that that one description might almost serve for both. Here we have the wide-rolling Mississippi turned in a grand sweep from its course and disappearing at the foot of the rising wall of granite—the same intervening point of land shutting our view of the rebel position, only so much more effectually as it is heavily wooded, and projects further into the stream. We have the string of transports lining the shore for miles above, the mortars chained to the shore just above the point, and the gun-boats like black sentinels placed at a short distance in the stream.

The mortars belch forth their terrible missiles in columns of smoke across the point in the same Vesuvian style; the little snorting tenders keep up the same incessant flitting from boat to boat, and the transports, tugs, and ammunition boats lie peacefully at the shore with the black smoke curling lazily from their towering chimneys, very much as they did six weeks since a hundred miles above. As yet the gun-boats have taken no part in the hostilities. Their function seems to be to convoy the fleet and keep ward against the hostile ships.

For reasons best known to our officers, there is no disposition to make an immediate assault upon the enemy's works with the gun-boats. Whether this be the old standing difficulty of fighting down stream, or the fear of severe punishment from the heavy guns mounted in the earthworks—the burden of the work comes upon the mortars which, from their range, their weight, and the comparative safety with which they can be used, are admirably suited to the purpose.

NEW ORLEANS.

WE give on page 292 a fine view of NEW ORLEANS, and on page 294 three views of the APPROACHES TO THAT CITY BY WAY OF THE RIGOLETS. On page 293 we illustrate COMMODORE FARRAGUT'S GULF SQUADRON, together with COMMODORE PORTER'S MORTAR FLEET, and FORTS JACKSON and ST. PHILIP; and on page 295 we give a MAP OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER, showing its course from its mouth to Cairo.

At the time we write we know nothing positively with regard to the progress of affairs at New Orleans, but dispatches through rebel sources state that the city fell on 25th. We know that Commodore Farragut's expedition entered the Mississippi River a month ago—in the last week of March. For some time after their first appearance they seem to have been inactive. But on 23d we heard through rebel sources of the bombardment of Fort Jackson, which was represented as "terrific." Our next intelligence is contained in the following telegram which was published in the Petersburg Express of 26th:

      MOBILE, April 25, 1862.

The enemy passed Fort Jackson at four o'clock yesterday morning. When the news reached New Orleans the excitement was boundless. Martial law was put in full force, and business was completely suspended.

All the cotton and steamboats, excepting such as were necessary to transport coin, ammunition, etc., were destroyed.

At one o'clock to-day the operator bade us "good-by," saying that the enemy had appeared before the city.

This is the last we know regarding the fall. Will send particulars as soon as they can be had.

New Orleans, as every one knows, is the queen city of the South. It is situated on the left bank of the Mississippi River, about 100 miles from its mouth, 1663 miles southwest from New York, and 1438 southwest from Washington. The city is built around a bend in the river, from which circumstance it bears the sobriquet of "The Crescent City." The site inclines gently from the margin of the Mississippi toward the marshy ground in the rear, and is from two to five feet above the level of the river at the usual spring freshets. To prevent inundations an embankment or levee, about fifteen feet wide and six feet high, has been raised, extending 120 miles above the city, and to Port Plaquemine, 43 miles below it. The old city proper, originally laid out by the French, is in the form of a parallelogram, thirteen hundred and twenty yards long and seven hundred yards wide. Above this are what were formerly the faubourgs of St. Mary, Annunciation, and La Course; below, Marigny Dounois and Declouet; and in the rear, Treme and St. Johns. The streets of New Orleans are of convenient breadth, well paved, and usually intersect each other at right angles. Canal Street is the broadest, being over one hundred feet in width, with a grass-plot in the centre about twenty-five feet wide, extending throughout its entire length. Most of the buildings are constructed of brick, and are generally low, except in the business portion, where they are usually five or six stories high. The dwellings in the suburbs, many of them, particularly in Lafayette, are surrounded with spacious yards, beautifully decorated with the orange, lemon, magnolia, and other ornamental trees. A basement about six feet high constitutes the only cellar, as none are sunk below the surface on account of the marshy character of the ground. In different sections of the city are several public squares, among which may be mentioned Jackson Square, formerly called Place de Armes, occupying the centre of the river front of the old town plot, now the First District. It is ornamented with shell walks, shrubbery, statuettes, etc., and is much frequented for recreation. Lafayette Square, in the Second District, is finely laid out and adorned with a profusion of shade trees. Congo Square, in the rear of the city, is also a handsome inclosure.

New Orleans is the chief cotton port in the United States. It had a population before the war of about 160,000.

The following descriptions of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which Commodore Farragut must have taken or silenced, will be read with interest.

FORT JACKSON.

Fort Jackson is on the right or west bank of the river, immediately opposite Fort St. Philip, and about twenty-five miles from the head of the passes leading into the Gulf of Mexico. This is a very strong casemated fort, intended to mount one hundred and fifty guns, thirty-one of which were intended to have been barbette. When seized by the rebels it was not complete, and we have no reason to believe it has yet its full armament; but it has, nevertheless, been considerably strengthened by the State authorities, and its complement of barbette guns placed in position. It cost the United States nearly a million of dollars, and is capable of holding six hundred men. Fort St. Philip and Fort Jackson so completely command the Mississippi that no vessel could pass them while they remained in operation.

FORT ST. PHILIP.

This fort is situated on the left or east bank of the Mississippi River, about seventy miles below New Orleans. It is a very strong casemated fort, and, with its one hundred and fifty guns, commands the navigation of the river. It was bombarded in 1815 by the British vessels of war, at which time it was commanded by Major Overton, uncle of Thomas Overton Moore, the present Governor of Louisiana. The rebels have put some repairs upon it, and have substituted ten Columbiads for the same number of the old guns, besides otherwise strengthening its defensible position. It has a lower and an upper exterior battery, mounting twenty-eight guns each. The Government paid for its construction two hundred and four thousand dollars, and its armament cost one hundred and two thousand more. It is capable of garrisoning six hundred men, and no doubt now contains at least that number.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

International Exhibition, 1862.

THE LONDON ART JOURNAL, FOR
APRIL.

Contains the first division of an
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE OF THE

International Exhibition.

This portion will consist of 200 Illustrated pages (nearly one thousand engravings), and will be continued for eight consecutive months,

WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE.

Price 75 cents per month. $9 per Annum. Subscriptions received, and the trade supplied by VIRTUE & CO., 20 John Street, New York.

FIRST-CLASS Agents wanted—to assume Agencies and to canvass for a Great National Work on the WAR FOR THE UNION. Endorsed by the President, Cabinet, and many eminent citizens. Fifty to seventy-five dollars per week can readily be made by an active Canvasser. For particulars address or apply to E. F. HOVEY, General Agent, or JAS. D. TORREY, Publisher, 13 Spruce Street, New York.

HICKCOX'S STENCIL CHEST

CONTAINS A COMPLETE OUTFIT FOR CUTTING

For Clothing, Cards, Books, &c. Price from $15 to $30. List of contents: 1 set Capital Letters; 1 set Small to match; 1 set figures, Border Tools, Periods, &c.; 1 pair Shears, 1 steel Hammer, I lignum vitae Block, 1 Die Facer, 1 Block Scraper, 1 Scroll Pattern, 1 Rule, 1 Scriber, 1 pair Dividers, 1 Whetstone, 1 Graver, 1 bottle Polishing Powder. Stock for fifty plates (best quality) with $15 chest; stock for 100 plates with $30 chest, namely; 100 bottles Ink, 100 Frames, assorted 100 Brass Plates, and 100 Brushes. For catalogue and samples, send red stamp. Address

T. N. HICKCOX, 280 Pearl Street, N. Y.

BRIGGS' Corn and Bunion Alleviator, a safe and certain cure for Corns, Bunions, Frosted and Blistered Feet, Sec., 25 and 50 etc., sent by mail. Sold by Druggists. Dr. J. Briggs, Chiropodist, Proprietor, 212 Broadway, N. Y.

Prescott's Cartridge Revolvers

The 8in., or Navy Size, carries a Ball weighing 38 to the lb., and the No. 32, or 4in. Revolver, a Ball 80 to the lb. By recent experiments made in the Army, these Revolvers were pronounced the best and most effective weapons in use. Also,

Ballard's Patent Breech-Loading Rifle.

This arm is entirely new, and is universally acknowledged to be the nearest to perfection of any Breech-Loading Rifle ever made. Length of barrel 24 inches, weight of Rifle 7 pounds. Size of Calibre adapted to Nos. 32, 38, and 44 copper water-proof Cartridges. For particulars call or send for a Circular to

MERWIN & BRAY, Sole Agents,

No. 262 Broadway, N. Y.

F. Derby & Company,

TAILORS and IMPORTERS, invite the special attention of their friends and the public to their LARGE, CHOICE, and ATTRACTIVE ASSORTMENT of SPRING and SUMMER GOODS for gentlemen's wear—entirely NEW STYLES, which they are willing to make up to order in their usual well known style of excellence, at POPULAR PRICES,

No. 57 Walker Street, New York.

DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order.   R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

EMPLOYMENT.—Agents Wanted in every Town and County to enter into a respectable and permanent business. For particulars address, with red stamp,   DR. J. H. WARNER,

54 East 12th Street, New York.

For Sale or to Let.

The premises Nos. 809 and 811 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, formerly occupied by Messrs. L. J. Levy & Company. For Terms, &c.

Apply to   HARPER & BROTHERS,
New York.

Look

In Harper's Weekly of May 3d, No. 279, page 287, and notice that the name of the firm of W. Forsyth & Co. is changed to J. H. Winslow & Co. All Certificates with the name of W. Forsyth & Co. attached are good, and will be redeemed by us as fast as sent in. Address. Send for Circular.   J. H. WINSLOW & CO.,

P. O. Box 5029.   208 Broadway, N. Y. Commercial Travelers and Agents Wanted to Sell our 25 Cent Portfolio Package. Contents—18 Sheets Note Paper, 18 Envelopes, 1 Penholder, 1 Pen, 1 Pencil, 1 Blotting Pad, 100 Recipes, 1 War Hymn, 5 Engravings, 1 New Method for Computing Interest.—2 Fashionable Embroidery Designs for Collars, 4 for Under-Sleeves, 2 for Under-Skirts, 1 for Corner of Handkerchief, 2 for Cuffs, 1 for Silk Purse, 1 for Child's Sack, 1 for Ornamental Pillow Case, 1 Puzzle Garden, and ONE BEAUTIFUL ARTICLE OF JEWELRY. $10 a day can be realized. Send stamp for Circular of wholesale prices.

WEIR & CO., 43 South Third Street, Phila., Pa.

FRIENDS OF SOLDIERS!

All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.

To all Wanting Farms.

NEW SETTLEMENT OF VINELAND.—30 miles from Philadelphia by Railroad. Good loam soil, highly productive for Wheat, Corn, Grass, Fruits, and Vegetables—good market—delightful climate—where farming is profitable, especially these times, and where good business openings can be found. Large numbers are settling. Society good. Farms from $15 to $20 per acre only. Village 5 and 10 acre Lots for sale. Four years' time given. Report of SOLON ROBINSON, Ag. Ed. of the Tribune, who has visited the place, together with the "Vineland Rural," giving full description, will be furnished. Address

CHAS. K. LANDIS, P.M., Vineland P.O., Cumberland County, New Jersey.

Head-Quarters for Cheap Jewelry.

HEAD-QUARTERS FOR BRACELETS.

HEAD-QUARTERS FOR LOCKETS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR RINGS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR VEST CHAINS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR NECK CHAINS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR ALL KINDS OF SETS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR ALL KINDS OF PINS. HEAD-QUARTERS FOR MINIATURE PINS OF ALL THE GENERALS. Enclose stamp for full particulars. W. A. HAYWARD, MANUFACTURING JEWELER, 208 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

Grand Opening!!!

BRODIE'S

Stock of Spring
and

Summer

MANTILLAS,

Now Ready for Inspection

at his

OLD STAND,

300 Canal Street,

and

His Palace of Fashion,

Under the Fifth Avenue Hotel,

Corner of 23d Street,

New York.

VIOLIN MUSIC—A NEW COLLECTION. ONE HUNDRED BEAUTIFUL MELODIES for the Violin, selected from all the best Operas. Price, 50 cents. Sent by mail on receipt of the price. Published by OLIVER DITSON & CO., 277 Washington St., Boston.

Rheumatism, Dropsy, &c.

Those afflicted with Rheumatism, Gout, Neuralgia, Dropsy, and all Nervous Diseases, Tender Feet from long walking in hot weather, will find, by wearing METTAM & CO,'S PATENT GALVANO ELECTRO METALLIC INSOLES, an immediate and permanent cure from their use—never having yet failed in hundreds of cases. Call, or send for a circular. Sent by Express for $1. Office No. 429 Broadway, New York.

"THE GREAT BELT."

SECURED BY LETTERS PATENT OF THE UNITED STATES, METTAM & CO.'S GALVANO ELECTRO VOLTAIC BELTS and ARMLETS, a perfectly safe, certain, and mostly instantaneous remedy for all nervous affections, RHEUMATISM, DROPSY, NEURALGIA, PARALYSIS, SALT RHEUM, SCROFULOUS ERUPTIONS, &c. Call, or send for a circular. Office 429 Broadway, New York.

EMPLOYMENT. A NEW ENTERPRISE.

THE FRANKLIN SEWING MACHINE CO. want a number of Agents. A liberal salary and expenses paid, or commission allowed. Address, with stamp, HARRIS BROTHERS, Boston, Mass. (Clip this out for reference.)

ENTERPRISING AGENTS ARE DOING well selling DOWNER'S PAT. HEMMER and SHIELD for Hand-Sewing, and other new articles of ready sale. Profits are large. Samples sent free on receipt of the price (25c.). Send 3-cent stamp for price-list and terms. A. H. DOWNER, 442 Broadway, N. Y.

Wedding Cards and Note Papers at J. EVERDELL'S celebrated Engraving Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane Street, N. Y. Samples by mail.

259   ORNAMENTAL IRON   259

WORK, Wrought, Cast, and Wire.

IRON RAILINGS, VERANDAHS, BALCONIES, GUARDS, and IRON FURNITURE of every description. Illustrated Catalogues mailed on receipt of four 3 cent stamps.

HUTCHINSON & WICKERSHAM,

259 Canal Street, near Broadway, New York.

THE ALBION, A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER, Established in 1822, DEVOTED TO NEWS, POLITICS, CRITICISM, AND GENERAL LITERATURE.

PRICE $3 PER ANNUM; 6 CENTS PER COPY. Send for Specimen Copies, with price, to the ALBION OFFICE, 16 Beekman St.. N. Y.

Card Albums Patent.

Public Notice is hereby given, that all infringements of the Letters Patent granted by the United States Patent Office, at Washington, to F. R. GRUMEL, of Geneva, Switzerland, for a new and useful improvement in PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS, commonly known as CARD ALBUMS, will be prosecuted to the extent of the law. These improvements, patented by Mr. GRUMEL, comprise all that is at present sold in this market, under the denomination of CARD ALBUMS. So many infringements have occurred on Mr. Grumels Patent, by publishers and others in the United States, that Mr. Grumel has instructed us to take immediate legal proceeding against infringers; for that purpose, we have instructed our counsel, D. & T. McMAHON, Esqs., 271 BROADWAY, to commence suits at law and in equity against violators of Mr. Grumel's rights.

Mr. GRUMEL has, by articles of attorney, duly authenticated, constituted us his Sole Agents in the United States for the sale of rights, under his Letters Patent, to manufacture and sell, and also for the sale of his celebrated PHOTOGRAPHIC CARD ALBUMS, many beautiful specimens of which can be seen at our galleries.

C. D. FREDRICKS & CO.,

      587 BROADWAY, Agents for F. R. Grumel, for the U. S.

   NEW YORK, April, 1862.

Every Man his own Printer.

Portable Printing-Offices for the Army and Navy, Druggists, and Business Men generally. Send for a circular. ADAMS PRESS COMPANY,

31 Park Row (under Lovejoy's Hotel), New York.

BEST Chance for Agents!—Send stamp for Circular. C. A. BALDWIN, Arkport, N. Y.

 

AGENTS!

Send for our Circular, mailed free.

PRIZE STATIONERY PACKETS.

PRIZE PACKETS FOR THE MILLION.

UNION STATIONERY AND PORTRAIT PACKETS.

UNION STATIONERY AND RECIPE PACKETS.

EXCELSIOR STATIONERY PACKETS.

HEAD-QUARTERS for UNION STATIONERY AND PRIZE PACKAGES of every description. Circulars free.

   P. HASKINS & CO., 36 Beekman St., N. Y.

"MOUSTACHES and WHISKERS IN 42 DAYS." Do not buy "Onguents" at $1.00 a box, but send 20c, for a BOOK with this GREAT SECRET and many others, not before published. 7th edition. Mailed free on receipt of 2 dimes; 8 for $1, by C. E. HUNTER & CO., Hinsdale, N. H.

A BEAUTIFUL MICROSCOPE! MAGNIFYING 500 TIMES, FOR 28c. IN SILVER. Five of different powers, $1, Mailed free.

   F. C. BOWEN, Box 220, Boston, Mass.

The New Iusse of Postage Stamps, of all denominations, for sale. Apply to

HARPER & BROTHERS, Franklin Square, N. Y.

To European Travellers.
In Press:

Harper's Hand-Book
FOR

Travellers in

Europe and the East.

Being a Guide through France, Belgium, Holland,

Germany, Austria, Italy, Sicily, Egypt, Syria, Turkey,

Greece, Switzerland, Russia, Denmark, Sweden, Spain,

and Great Britain and Ireland. By W. PEMBROKE

FETRIDGE. With a map embracing colored routes of

travel in the above countries. Large 12mo, Cloth, $2.75;

Leather Tucks, for Travellers, $3.00;

Half Calf, for Libraries, $3.50.

HARPER & BROTHERS, Franklin Square, N. Y.

Sent by mail, postage prepaid, on receipt of price.

Close of the Twenty-Fourth Volume.

HARPER'S NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE
For May, 1862.

TERMS.

One Copy for one Year    $3.00

Two Copies for One Year ................................5.00
Three or more Copies for One Year (each)  . ... . .2.00
And an Extra Copy, gratis, for every Club of EIGHT SUBSCRIBERS. HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S WEEKLY, together, one year, $4.00. HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

      FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK.

HARPER'S WEEKLY.

Single Copies Six Cents. A Thrilling Story, Entitled, NO NAME, By Wilkie Collins, AUTHOR OF "The Woman in White," Richly Illustrated by John McLenan, Was commenced in the Number for March 15 (No. 272) of

HARPER'S WEEKLY,

And will be continued from week to week until completed.

TERMS.

One Copy for One Year ..............$2.50

One Copy for Two Years .............4.00

Ten Copies for One Year ............18.00

An Extra Copy will be allowed for every Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS.

HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S WEEKLY, together, one year, $4.00.

HARPER'S WEEKLY is electrotyped, and Back Numbers can be had at any time.

Vols. I., II., III., IV., and V., for the Years 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, and 1861, of "HARPER'S WEEKLY," handsomely bound in Cloth extra, Price $3.50 each, are now ready.

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK.

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