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Page) dimensions, so that it is overflowing its banks, sweeping along
in majesty and might. As we pass Plum Point the second Chickasaw Bluff looms up
in the distance like a low range of hills, whose blue outline strikingly
contrasts with the uniformly low and plashy shores of the river which extend
from Columbus down. On rounding the point, as we took occasion to do with
Captain Pike on a reconnoissance with a tug, we discover the top of the bluff
cleared in places, and a few tents still standing, although their number is much
diminished. With good optical aids a line of fresh excavations was to be
discerned in one or two places near the water's edge, and something of the kind
further up the hill-side. These are the new and hastily constructed batteries
thrown up within a few days, and are mounted with some very heavy guns. The
older fort, which has been in process of construction for several months, mounts
nearly seventy guns, and has a front toward the land. The river batteries extend
along the base, and round the lowest end of the bluff, covering a space of more
than three miles.
The position we occupy and its
relation to that of the enemy is not unlike that at
Island No. 10. The commencement of operations
is so much like that that one description might almost serve for both. Here we
have the wide-rolling Mississippi turned in a grand sweep from its course and
disappearing at the foot of the rising wall of granite—the same intervening
point of land shutting our view of the rebel position, only so much more
effectually as it is heavily wooded, and projects further into the stream. We
have the string of transports lining the shore for miles above, the mortars
chained to the shore just above the point, and the gun-boats like black
sentinels placed at a short distance in the stream.
The mortars belch forth their
terrible missiles in columns of smoke across the point in the same Vesuvian
style; the little snorting tenders keep up the same incessant flitting from boat
to boat, and the transports, tugs, and ammunition boats lie peacefully at the
shore with the black smoke curling lazily from their towering chimneys, very
much as they did six weeks since a hundred miles above. As yet the gun-boats
have taken no part in the hostilities. Their function seems to be to convoy the
fleet and keep ward against the hostile ships.
For reasons best known to our
officers, there is no disposition to make an immediate assault upon the enemy's
works with the gun-boats. Whether this be the old standing difficulty of
fighting down stream, or the fear of severe punishment from the heavy guns
mounted in the earthworks—the burden of the work comes upon the mortars which,
from their range, their weight, and the comparative safety with which they can
be used, are admirably suited to the purpose.
WE give on
page 292 a fine view
of NEW ORLEANS, and
on page 294
three views of the APPROACHES TO THAT CITY BY WAY OF THE RIGOLETS. On page 293
we illustrate COMMODORE
FARRAGUT'S GULF SQUADRON, together with COMMODORE PORTER'S MORTAR
FLEET, and FORTS JACKSON and ST. PHILIP; and on page 295 we give a
MAP OF THE MISSISSIPPI
RIVER, showing its course from its mouth to Cairo.
At the time we write we know
nothing positively with regard to the progress of affairs at New Orleans, but
dispatches through rebel sources state that the city fell on 25th. We know that
Commodore Farragut's expedition entered the Mississippi River a month ago—in the
last week of March. For some time after their first appearance they seem to have
been inactive. But on 23d we heard through rebel sources of the bombardment of
Fort Jackson, which was represented as "terrific." Our next intelligence is
contained in the following telegram which was published in the Petersburg
Express of 26th:
MOBILE, April 25, 1862.
The enemy passed Fort Jackson at
four o'clock yesterday morning. When the news reached New Orleans the excitement
was boundless. Martial law was put in full force, and business was completely
All the cotton and steamboats,
excepting such as were necessary to transport coin, ammunition, etc., were
At one o'clock to-day the
operator bade us "good-by," saying that the enemy had appeared before the city.
This is the last we know
regarding the fall. Will send particulars as soon as they can be had.
New Orleans, as every one knows,
is the queen city of the South. It is situated on the left bank of the
Mississippi River, about 100 miles from its mouth, 1663 miles southwest from New
York, and 1438 southwest from Washington. The city is built around a bend in the
river, from which circumstance it bears the sobriquet of "The Crescent City."
The site inclines gently from the margin of the Mississippi toward the marshy
ground in the rear, and is from two to five feet above the level of the river at
the usual spring freshets. To prevent inundations an embankment or levee, about
fifteen feet wide and six feet high, has been raised, extending 120 miles above
the city, and to Port Plaquemine, 43 miles below it. The old city proper,
originally laid out by the French, is in the form of a parallelogram, thirteen
hundred and twenty yards long and seven hundred yards wide. Above this are what
were formerly the faubourgs of St. Mary, Annunciation, and La Course; below,
Marigny Dounois and Declouet; and in the rear, Treme and St. Johns. The streets
of New Orleans are of convenient breadth, well paved, and usually intersect each
other at right angles. Canal Street is the broadest, being over one hundred feet
in width, with a grass-plot in the centre about twenty-five feet wide, extending
throughout its entire length. Most of the buildings are constructed of brick,
and are generally low, except in the business portion, where they are usually
five or six stories high. The dwellings in the suburbs, many of them,
particularly in Lafayette, are surrounded with spacious yards, beautifully
decorated with the orange, lemon, magnolia, and other ornamental trees. A
basement about six feet high constitutes the only cellar, as none are sunk below
the surface on account of the marshy character of the ground. In different
sections of the city are several public squares, among which may be mentioned
Jackson Square, formerly called Place de Armes, occupying the centre of the
river front of the old town plot, now the First District. It is ornamented with
shell walks, shrubbery, statuettes, etc., and is much frequented for recreation.
Lafayette Square, in the Second District, is finely laid out and adorned with a
profusion of shade trees. Congo Square, in the rear of the city, is also a
New Orleans is the chief cotton
port in the United States. It had a population before the war of about 160,000.
The following descriptions of
Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which Commodore Farragut must have taken or
silenced, will be read with interest.
Fort Jackson is on the right or
west bank of the river, immediately opposite Fort St. Philip, and about
twenty-five miles from the head of the passes leading into the Gulf of Mexico.
This is a very strong casemated fort, intended to mount one hundred and fifty
guns, thirty-one of which were intended to have been barbette. When seized by
the rebels it was not complete, and we have no reason to believe it has yet its
full armament; but it has, nevertheless, been considerably strengthened by the
State authorities, and its complement of barbette guns placed in position. It
cost the United States nearly a million of dollars, and is capable of holding
six hundred men. Fort St. Philip and Fort Jackson so completely command the
Mississippi that no vessel could pass them while they remained in operation.
FORT ST. PHILIP.
This fort is situated on the left
or east bank of the Mississippi River, about seventy miles below New Orleans. It
is a very strong casemated fort, and, with its one hundred and fifty guns,
commands the navigation of the river. It was bombarded in 1815 by the British
vessels of war, at which time it was commanded by Major Overton, uncle of Thomas
Overton Moore, the present Governor of Louisiana. The rebels have put some
repairs upon it, and have substituted ten Columbiads for the same number of the
old guns, besides otherwise strengthening its defensible position. It has a
lower and an upper exterior battery, mounting twenty-eight guns each. The
Government paid for its construction two hundred and four thousand dollars, and
its armament cost one hundred and two thousand more. It is capable of
garrisoning six hundred men, and no doubt now contains at least that number.
International Exhibition, 1862.
THE LONDON ART JOURNAL, FOR
Contains the first division of an
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE OF THE
This portion will consist of 200
Illustrated pages (nearly one thousand engravings), and will be continued for
eight consecutive months,
WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE.
Price 75 cents per month. $9 per
Annum. Subscriptions received, and the trade supplied by VIRTUE & CO., 20 John
Street, New York.
FIRST-CLASS Agents wanted—to
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CONTAINS A COMPLETE OUTFIT FOR
For Clothing, Cards, Books, &c.
Price from $15 to $30. List of contents: 1 set Capital Letters; 1 set Small to
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BRIGGS' Corn and Bunion
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Prescott's Cartridge Revolvers
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Ballard's Patent Breech-Loading Rifle.
This arm is entirely new, and is
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Rifle ever made. Length of barrel 24 inches, weight of Rifle 7 pounds. Size of
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all Wanting Farms.
NEW SETTLEMENT OF VINELAND.—30
miles from Philadelphia by Railroad. Good loam soil, highly productive for
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VIOLIN MUSIC—A NEW COLLECTION.
ONE HUNDRED BEAUTIFUL MELODIES for the Violin, selected from all the best
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EMPLOYMENT. A NEW ENTERPRISE.
THE FRANKLIN SEWING MACHINE CO.
want a number of Agents. A liberal salary and expenses paid, or commission
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ENTERPRISING AGENTS ARE DOING
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Wedding Cards and Note Papers at
J. EVERDELL'S celebrated Engraving Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane
Street, N. Y. Samples by mail.
259 ORNAMENTAL IRON 259
WORK, Wrought, Cast, and Wire.
IRON RAILINGS, VERANDAHS,
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Card Albums Patent.
Public Notice is hereby given,
that all infringements of the Letters Patent granted by the United States Patent
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useful improvement in PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUMS, commonly known as CARD ALBUMS, will
be prosecuted to the extent of the law. These improvements, patented by Mr.
GRUMEL, comprise all that is at present sold in this market, under the
denomination of CARD ALBUMS. So many infringements have occurred on Mr. Grumels
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instructed us to take immediate legal proceeding against infringers; for that
purpose, we have instructed our counsel, D. & T. McMAHON, Esqs., 271 BROADWAY,
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Mr. GRUMEL has, by articles of
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C. D. FREDRICKS & CO.,
587 BROADWAY, Agents for F.
R. Grumel, for the U. S.
NEW YORK, April, 1862.
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Close of the Twenty-Fourth
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