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Civil War Harper's Weekly, May 10, 1862

We have posted all the Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War to this WEB site. This archive serves as an invaluable research tool to see first edition reports on the key events of the War.

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Brother Jonathan

Brother Jonathan








Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1862, by Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.


When the war broke out he was among the first to inculcate the necessity of defending the unity of the country at all hazards. He was one of the speakers at the great meeting on Union Square, and his speech was probably the most thrilling that was delivered that day. He said :

" I owe allegiance to no particular State, and never did, and, God helping me, I never will. I owe allegiance to the Government of the United States. A poor boy, working my way with my own hands, at the age of twelve turned out to take care of myself as best I could, and beginning by earning but four dollars per month. I worked my way onward until this glorious Government of the United States gave me a chance at the Military Academy at West Point. There I landed with my knapsack on my back, and, I tell you God's truth, just a quarter of a dollar in my pocket. There I swore allegiance to the Government of the United States. I did not abjure the love of my own State, nor of my adopted State, but high above that was proudly triumphant and predominant my love for our common country." His speech was continued with a fervor that held his hearers enthralled, and amidst his remarks the following words also fell from his lips : " When the rebels come to their senses we will receive them with open arms; but until that time, while they are trailing our glorious banner in the dust, when they scorn it, condemn it, curse it, and trample it under foot, I must smite, and in God's name I will smite, and as long as I have strength I will do it   I am ready, God help me, to do my duty. I am ready to fight in the ranks or out of the ranks. Having been educated in the Academy, having been in the army several years, having served as a commander of a volunteer company for ten years, and having served as an Adjutant-General, I feel I am ready for something. I only ask to be permitted to act; and in God's name, give me something to do!"

He was appointed Brigadier-General from New York, and sent to Kentucky. 'There lie obtained command of a division of BUELL's army, which was the first of our troops in Bowling Green. From Nashville he was sent due south through Murfreesboro and Columbia. Near the latter place he left the bulk of his division under one of the brigadiers, and with a brigade of infantry, a squadron of cavalry, and two batteries, he made an extraordinary forced march on Huntsville, which place he occupied before the rebels suspected his proximity. He seized the telegraph office, and, it is believed, obtained some useful information in the shape of dispatches from and to Beauregard. Since then lie has been dashing hither and thither on the Memphis and Charleston Road, until now (April 25) he holds two hundred miles of the line, from Stevenson, Alabama, to Tuscumbia. He is one of our most dashing and splendid generals.

MR. MEAD. - [SEE PAGE 299.]

VOL. VI.—No. 280.]


MITCHELL! strong brain, quick eye, and steady hand! Faithful in service—faultless in command;

Thou favorite son of science! fit to stand

Foremost among the saviours of the land ;

In that the scholar's craft, the captain's skill, In thee conjoined, work fitting triumphs still; And nobler yet the patriotic thrill'

Which guides the master triumphs of thy will!

God! with a handful of such hearted men To beard the wolf of Treason in his den !

Men quick to plan and strong to act—and then Europe shall ring our triumphs back again!

Onward, my hero ! Men shall catch the flame Which lights thy soul—and glow again for shame. With thee—and such as thee—we shall reclaim The morning glory of our empire's fame !


WE publish herewith, from a photograph kindly furnished by ANSON, 589 Broadway, a portrait of GENERAL O. M. MITCHELL, whose brilliant exploits in Northern Alabama and Mississippi are the theme of so much eulogy.

ORMSBY M'KNIGHT MITCHELL is a native of Kentucky, but was appointed to West Point from Ohio in 1825. He is about fifty-seven years of age. In 1829 he graduated in the same class as the rebel Generals Joe Johnson and Lee. He served three years as Professor of Mathematics at West Point, and was a short while in the army. But in 1832, becoming weary of inaction, he resigned his commission, studied law, and opened an office at Cincinnati, Ohio. From 1834 to 1814 he filled the chair of Professor of Mathematics in the Cincinnati College, and in 1845 founded the Cincinnati Observatory. His love for astronomy induced him to devote most of his time to the study of this science. He published several works on the subject which attained considerable popularity ; and in 1858, when the troubles in the Dudley Observatory left it without a manager, he was called to the vacant post. Astronomy, however, did not engross his time. Like McCLELLAN, BURNSIDE, CURTIS, and others, he was a railroad man, and for many years filled the office of Engineer of the Ohio and Mississippi line. He was also at one time Adjutant-General of Ohio. In every position he was remarkable for energy, boldness, and thoroughness.




General O. M. Mitchell

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