Louisiana Colored Troops


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, February 28, 1863

Welcome to our online archive of Civil War Harper's Weekly newspapers. We have created this online resource to help facilitate a more in depth understanding of this important period in American History. We hope you enjoy this incredible collection.

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Joe Hooker

General Hooker



Slaves Paid

Slaves to be Paid

Colored Troops

Colored Troops

Blockade Runner

Queen of the West Runs Blockade

Slave Chart

Slave Chart

Louisiana Colored Troops

Louisiana Colored Troops

Copperhead Cartoon

Copperhead Cartoon

Queen of the West

Queen of the West

Rappahannock River

Rappahannock River

Southern Map

Southern Slave Map

Army Pay-Day

Army Pay-Day



FEBRUARY 28, 1863.]



(Previous Page) hours, or it might have been days, I continued to hold his lifeless body in my arms. Of food I had none, and my only support was a sip of spirits taken at long intervals.

Still the water continued to rise, till I felt it touching my feet. I spent the time in sleep mostly, and when I lay awake, I had just life enough to wonder how long it would be before the water rose above my head. I did not now feel any particular dread of this happening; I had got so familiarized with the idea that I only speculated in a dreamy kind of way on what the sensation would be like when it took place. From what I heard since, I believe I must have slept many hours at a time. I know that when I woke once I felt that my feet were no longer in the water. I stretched them out, still without touching it, and I had to push myself forward some distance before I could reach it, and then I knew they must have got the engine at work, and were pumping out the water; consequently, the fire was extinguished. I suppose it is nothing unusual in such cases; but no sooner had I found there was a chance of being saved than the resignation or indifference, whichever it was, left me, and instead of being able to sleep as I had done before, I became keenly alive to my situation, and sat with the soles of my feet just touching the water. It sunk so slowly that hours, as I judged, passed before I could say with certainty that it had sunk any more. This was about the most dreadful period of my imprisonment. When I lost my poor boy, I was expecting every hour to join him, and painful as it was, it seemed as if we were only separated for a little while. Now my thoughts were busy with home. What would my wife say when she saw me like one risen from the grave? What would she be doing when I got home? These and a thousand other wondering surmises passed through my mind as I sat there in the darkness; till at last I got weary, and began to despair of getting out after all, the water sunk so slowly. I tried to forget time in sleep, but I found this was not half so easy now. Not to spin out my tale any longer than I can help, I will say nothing more of what I felt and thought, nor what resolutions I made for the future, if I only reached the surface of the earth once more alive.

At last the time came when the water barely reached my knees at a distance of several feet in advance of the heap on which I had bean lying, and I decided on trying to reach the shaft, which I succeeded in doing, though it took me a long time, owing to my weak and exhausted condition. Close to the shaft I found two of the overlookers and several of the miners at work in repairing it. They were as much startled at seeing me as though I had been a ghost, and, indeed, as far as appearance went, I might with good reason have been taken for a skeleton. When I came down into the pit I had left the ground hard and frozen; the next time I saw it the grass was green, there were leaves on the trees, and a bright and warm sun was shining.


WE publish on page 133 two illustrations of THE FIRST LOUISIANA NATIVE GUARDS, from sketches

by our special artist, Mr. Hamilton.

It is now some live months since General Butler's attention was called, by certain free colored men in New Orleans, to the fact that they held commissions from Governor Moore, of Louisiana, as duly enrolled officers of the Confederate army, and requesting to transfer their services to the United States. General Butler, with that keen perception for which he is so remarkable, at once saw the bearings of this important matter, granted the request of his applicants, and issued his order mustering the regiment into our service, under the command of Colonel (then Lieutenant-Colonel) Spencer H. Stafford, one of his aids-de-camp.

Although ready and anxious for a brush with the enemy, that opportunity has not yet been afforded them. They have hitherto been employed down in the Lafourche District, under the command of General Weitzel, guarding the bridges over important bayous, in a circuit of some thirty miles, and forming the base of Weitzel's late expedition into the Teche District. That affair being over, and the General returned to his encampment at Thibodeaux, the Colonel of the Native Guards reported to the Department Head-quarters for further orders. On the evening of the 21st, pursuant to orders, eight Companies (comprising 800 men), embarked upon the Laurel Hill to join the garrison of Forts Jackson and St. Philip—four Companies to each fort—the remaining two Companies—A and D —being sent to Fort Macombe, on the Chef Menteur Pass, connecting Lakes Borgne and Pontchartrain.

The point selected by our special artist for illustration is the disembarkation from the steamer J. D. Brown, at Fort Macombe. The special New Orleans correspondent of the New York Times tells the following story of these men:

"You see my men can work, Sir, though people say they can't fight," said the Colonel, triumphantly. "We don't trouble our heads much about transportation. Put me down in a forest with those same fellows, and I'll build you a city; for I have every useful trade represented among them."

At this moment a Captain came up to the Colonel, saluted him very respectfully, and, after receiving his order, went off.

"I understood you, Colonel," said I, " that all your line officers were colored men: there goes one, at any rate, who is white." The Colonel turned to me with a sarcastic smile:

"And do you really think him white? Well you may, Sir; but that man is a 'negro'—one who carries the so-called curse of African blood in his veins."

I was literally amazed. Often as my senses had been deceived in this matter, they never had been so completely before. This officer, Captain E. Davis, of Company A [his portrait is given in our group.—Ed.], was a fine-looking young man, not unlike General M'Clellan in mould of features, with light blue eyes, ruddy complexion, soft, silky hair, and a splendid mustache, of a sandy color, nearly approaching red. I would have defied the most consummate expert in niXXerology, by the aid of the moat powerful microscope, to discover the one drop of African blood in that man's veins. Still there it was upon the record against him.

During this voyage, and after our arrival at the fort, I not only had the best opportunity for observing the general demeanor of these soldiers, but I made a point of conversing with several of the line officers, in order to come at some just conclusion as to their mental calibre, manners, etc. Truth and honesty compel me to state that, as far as the privates were concerned, a more decent, orderly, obedient, and soldierly set of men I never saw; while, as regards the officers, had I come in contact with the same number of white men, taken at random, I could not have expected to find more general intelligence, education, and refinement.

We present our readers, on the same page, with a group of portraits of five of the line officers of Companies A and D of these Louisiana Native Guards. The central figure, Lieutenant L. D. LARRIEU, is very nearly white; Captain E. DAVIS, as before stated, is to all appearances perfectly so. The other three bear, more or less, marks of African origin. These officers all long to prove their loyalty and assert their manhood in the field; and, should this infamous rebellion continue, it is to be hoped their desires will not be long ungratified.


To have the sure esteem

Of those whose worth we know,

The heart will oft redeem

From many a doubtful throe;

The anxious soul declares

Some good must be in us,

Or by such souls as theirs

We were not valued thus.


When brimming cups go round,

When friendly faces meet,

Where jest and smile abound—

Oh, if we there may meet

Such long-tried friend of years

To share with us the wine—

'Tis nectar then—and cheers

With influence divine!


Or, if oppressed with care

Or sickness, low we lie,

What med'cine can compare

With friendship's love-lit eye?

One fond plain English word

More cheers our suffering man

Than all the pomp absurd

Of doctor's Latin can.


Oh, bliss how bright, how rare,

Where friend like this appears,

With smiles our joy to share,

Or share our grief with tears:

To have this, is to win

From out our earthly strife

The brightest jewel in

That crown of thorns—called life!


A Reliable Article for Domestic Use!

ANDREW'S YEAST POWDER has been in constant use for twelve years, and is the most useful compound for the immediate raising of BREAD, TEA BISCUIT, PANCAKES, &c., and ready for use "in one minute!"

The quality of this Yeast Powder is never changed, and where used has given the greatest satisfaction. Our sales are half a million cans per annum, and the certificate of PROF. CHILTON, of its purity and healthfulness, accompanies each label; also, full directions for use. Sutlers to the Army say it is the "most reliable" and "convenient" preparation ever made, and is "indispensable" where lightness of bread and digestibility are required. Ask for ANDREWS' "EXCELSIOR" Yeast Powder, and use no other, if you want "THE BEST." Manufactured and sold wholesale by   THOMAS ANDREWS & CO.,    136 and 138 Cedar St., New York.

Attention Agents, Soldiers, and Masons.

Any one wishing to purchase JEWELRY, I will send as sample, on the receipt of $1, together with my wholesale Circuhsr, either a Gold Masonic Pin or Ring, or a Gent's Cluster Pin with Chain attached, or a neat new style Vest Chain, or Neck Chain, or a splendid Gold Pen and Pencil, or a beautiful Engraved Bracelet, or Spring Locket, or a California Diamond Ring or Pin. B. T. HAYWARD, Manufacturing Jeweler, 208 Broadway, N. Y.

TRUSSES.—Marsh's Radical Cure Truss Office, corner of Broadway and Ann Street. No connection whatever with any other Truss Office of same name. A female attends Ladies.


Superior in style and finish! Decidedly the most taking novelties out! Should retail at prices from $20 to $50 each. Good imitation of both gold and silver, with fancy colored handy and beautifully engraved dials, the letters standing in relief. Sold only by the case of six. When the cash accompanies the order, the price of these watches is $39 per half dozen. If sent by Express with bill for collection, the price is $42 per half dozen. Soldiers must send payment in advance. There will be no deviation from these rules! "HUBBARD'S TIME-KEEPERS are becoming proverbial for their accuracy and reliability. They are particularly valuable for officers in the Army and travellers."—Frank Leslie's, Feb. 21, '63, No. 386. Address HUBBARD BROS., Sole Importers, Cor. John and Nassau Sts., New York.

Rheumatism—Who has it?

It has been confessedly acknowledged by thousands who have used them, that the Galvano Electro Metallic Insoles are the only preventive and cure for Rheumatism, Chilblains, Cold and Frost-bitten Feet, &c. Sold by all druggists and shoe dealers generally. Price $1; sent by mail for $1.25. Secured by English and American Patents. Send for a circular. METTAM & CO., 429 Broadway.

CATARRH!—Dr. Goodale's CATARRH REMEDY penetrates to the very seat of this terrible disease, and exterminates it, root and branch. Price $1.00. Send a stamp for a pamphlet. Depot 612 Broadway.

DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?—My Onguent will force then to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order. R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

100,000 WATCHES, CHAINS, &c., &c.
WORTH $500,000.
To be sold for One Dollar each, without regard to value,
and not to be paid for till you know what you are to get.



100 Gold Hunting Cased Watches   $100.00 each. 100 Gold Watches 60.00 each. 200 Ladies' Gold Watches 35.00 each. 500 Ladies' and Gent's Silver Watches   15.00 each. 3000 Vest and Neck Chains   5.00 to 10.00 each. 3000 Gold Band Bracelets    5.00 to 10.00 each. 3000 " " "    3.00 to 5.00 each. 3000 Cameo Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Mosaic and Jet Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Lava and Florentine Brooches   4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Coral, Opal, and Em. Brooches    4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Cameo Ear Drops    4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Mosaic and Jet Ear Drops    4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Lava and Florentine Ear Drops   4.00 to 6.00 each. 3000 Coral, Em., and Opal Ear Drops   4.00 to 8.00 each. 5100 Gent's Breast Pins    2.50 to 8.00 each. 3000 Watch Keys    2.00 to 6.00 each. 5000 Fob and Ribbon Slides    2.00 to 6.00 each. 5000 Sets of Bosom Studs    2.50 to 6.00 each. 5000 Sleeve Buttons    2.50 to 6.00 each. 6000 Plain Rings    2.50 to 5.00 each. 6000 Stone Set Rings    2.50 to 6.00 each. 6000 Lockets    2.50 to 10.00 each. 5000 Sets Ladies' Jewelry   5.00 to 10.00 each. 10000 Gold Pens, Silver M'ted Holders   4.00 to 5.00 each. 10000 Gold Pens, with Silver Extension Cases and Pencils   4.00 to 6.00 each. All Gold Pens 14 Carats and Warranted.

All of the above list of Goods will be sold for one dollar each. Certificates of all the various articles, stating what each one can have, are first put into envelopes, sealed up, and mixed; and when ordered, are taken out without regard to choice, and sent by mail, thus giving all a fair chance. On receipt of the Certificate, you will see what you can have, and then it is at your option to send one dollar and take the article or not.

In all transactions by mail, we shall charge for forwarding the Certificates, paying postage, and doing the business, 25 cents each, which must be inclosed when. the Certificate is sent for. Five Certificates will be sent for $1; eleven for $2; thirty for $5; sixty-five for $10; and a hundred for $15.

AGENTS.—Those acting as Agents will be allowed ten cents on every Certificate ordered by them, provided their remittance amounts to one dollar. Agents will collect 25 cents for every Certificate, and remit 15 cents to us, either in cash or postage stamps. Great caution should be used by our correspondents in regard to giving their correct address, Town, County, and State, Address


      208 Broadway, New York.

Valuable Naval Books.

NAVAL GUNNERY INSTRUCTIONS, SIMPLIFIED FOR VOLUNTEER OFFICERS. By Lieut.-Commander Edward Barrett, U.S.N. Third Edition, enlarged. 12mo, Cloth, $1.25.

RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR MEN-OF-WAR. By Commodore U. P. Levy, U.S.N. Third Edition. 18mo, Cloth, 50 cents.   D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher, No. 192 Broadway, N. Y. Copies sent free by mail on receipt of price.

Pensions, Bounty, Pay, Prize

Money, and all Army and Navy Claims, promptly collected. Reliable information furnished, sales of claims negotiated upon the best terms, and accounts cashed. A pamphlet of Laws and Instructions sent by enclosing a one-cent stamp to pay postage. SOMES & BROWN, 2 Park Place, N. Y.

To all Wanting Farms.

Large and thriving settlement of Vineland. Rich soil. Good crops of Wheat, Corn, Peaches, &c., to be seen—only 30 miles from Philadelphia. Delightful climate—20 acre tracts of from $15 to $20 per acre, payable within 4 years. Good schools and society. Hundreds are settling. Apply to CHAS. K. LANDIS, P.M.; Vineland, Cumberland Co., New Jersey. Report of Solon Robinson and Vineland Rural sent free. From Report of Solon Robinson, Ag. Ed. Tribune.

"It is one of the most extensive fertile tracts, in an almost level position, and suitable condition for pleasant farming that we know of this side of the Western Prairies.


NATIONAL AMERICAN AMUSEMENT CARDS. Colonel for King, Goddess of Liberty for Queen, and Major for Jack. 52 enameled cards to the pack. Eagles, Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and you can play all the usual games. Three packs mailed free on receipt of One Dollar. The usual discount to the trade. Send for a Circular. Address AMERICAN PUBLISHING AGENCY, 14 Chambers Street, New York.

READER!—If you want employment, or the best (Two-threaded) Sewing Machine ever manufactured, send to ISAAC HALE, JR. & CO., Newburyport, Mass., for a circular of terms, &c. A liberal salary, or commission, as the Agent may choose.

$10 made from $1. Something entirely new, urgently needed in every family. Light and portable. Address, with stamp, R. L. Wolcott, 170 Chatham Square, N. Y.

Dr. Colborn's

Vegetable Sugar-Coated Universal Health Pills. Free from all mercurial or deleterious substances, active in searching out and removing disease, yet so mild as to be perfectly safe for females, and even the most delicate infants. An infallible remedy for Diseases of the Liver, Dyspepsia, Constipation of the Bowels, and highly efficacious in a great variety of other diseases. No Mariner, Soldier, Traveller, or head of a family should be without them. Price 25 cents per box. Sent, free of postage, on receipt of price.

Also,   Dr. Colborn's

Compound Vegetable Alternative, the Great American Remedy for Rheumatism, Scurvy, Ulcers, Gout, Mercurial Diseases, Cancers, Fever Sores, Scorbutic or Cutaneous Eruptions, Neuralgia, Scrofula, and other kindred diseases. It is the grand desideratum in medicine, as it will remove all impurities in the blood, and is justly entitled to the name of the Great American Remedy of the age. Two sizes, 50 cents and $1 per bottle. L. H. COLBORN & CO., No. 561 Broadway, N. Y.

Magic Pocket-Beoks for Postal Currency, with elastic bends. Sent, post-paid, for 75 cents per doz. $7.50 per gross. Samples for 15 cents.

SNOW & HAPGOOD, 22 Court Street, Boston, Mass.

The Budget," or valuable recipes by a Pharmaceutist, 25 cents, post free.

CASPER RENARD, Philadelphia, Pa.

$60 A MONTH! We want Agents at $60 a month, expenses paid, to sell our Everlasting Pencils, Oriental Burners, and 13 other new, articles. 15 circulars free. Address, SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Me.

"MOUSTACHES AND WHISKERS IN 42 DAYS," Hunting, Fishing, and many other Wonderful Secrets, all in the Book of Wonders. 8000 sold. 9th Ed. Price only 20c. 8 for $1. Mailed free. Address

C. E. HUNTER & CO., Hinsdale, New Hampshire.

These Celebrated Engraved Cards sold only at J. EVERDELL'S Old Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane St. N. Y.
Established 1840. For Specimen by Mail, send two stamps.

$75 A MONTH! I want to hire Agents in every county at $75 a month, expenses paid, to sell my new cheap Family Sewing Machines. Address, S. MADISON, Alfred, Maize.


All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.

GOLD PENS retailing at wholesale prices. Send for circular. GEORGE F. HAWKES, 64 Nassau St., N.Y.


Have Just Published:

THE ADVENTURES OF PHILIP on his Way through the World; showing who robbed Him, who helped Him, and who passed Him by. By W. M. THACKERAY, Author of "Vanity Fair," "The Newcomes," "The Virginians," "The English Humorists of the Eighteenth Century," "The Four Georges," &c., &c., &c. With Illustrations. 8vo, Cloth, $1.87.

THE LIFE OF EDWARD IRVING, Minister of the National Scotch Church, London. Illustrated by his Journals and Correspondence. By Mrs. OLIPHANT, Author of "Margaret Maitland," "The Laird of Norlaw," "The Days of My Life," "The Last of the Mortimers," "The Mouse on the Moor," &c. With Portrait. 8vo, Cloth, $3.75.



For March, 1863.



ILLUSTRATIONS.—Reverse of Massachusetts Treasury Note.—Devices of South Carolina and Maryland Bills.—Georgia Certificate.—New York Five-Pound Bill.—Backs of New York Bills.—Fac-Similes of Continental Bills.—Back of Continental Bill.—Devices and Mottoes of One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, and Twenty Dollar Bill..—Of Shilling Bill.—Back of Same.—Device of Half Dollar Note.—Of Thirty, Thirty-five, Forty-five, Fifty, Fifty-five, Sixty, Sixty-five, Seventy, and Eighty Dollar Bills.—Georgia Continental Lottery Ticket.—Gennine and Counterfeit Continental Bill.—Group of Continental Money.

A CALIFORNIAN IN ICELAND. (Concluded.) ILLUSTRATIONS. — The Hrafnajau. — An Artist at Horne.—Effigy in Lava.— Lava Fjelds, — The Tintron Rock. — Bridge River. — Shepherd and Family. — The Strokhr.—Side-Saddle. — Great Geyser and Receiver.—Strokhr and Receiver.—Oh-o-o-ah!—The English Party. —Interior of Icelandic Hut.—An Awkward Predicament. —Return to Reykjavik. DOCTOR HAWLEY. (Concluded.) ILLUSTRATIONS. — Miss Hawley and her Friend.—"You shan't Kiss Me!"—Shaking Hands.—The Resignation. ROMOLA. By the Author of "ADAM BEDE." CHAPTER XXXIII. Baldassarre makes an Acquaintance. CHAPTER XXXIV. No Place for Repentance. CHAPTER XXXV. What Florence was thinking of. CHAPTER XXXVI. Ariadne discrowns herself. CHAPTEa XXXVII. The Tabernacle unlocked. ILLUSTRATIONS.—In Florence.—"You didn't think it was so Pretty!"—Escaped. MUSICIANS OF FIELD AND MEADOW. FOR BETTER, FOR WORSE. IN THREE PARTS. PART I. EUROPEAN SOUVENIRS. AFTER VICKSBURG. MRS. HENDERSON'S ANNIVERSARY. LITTLE JENNY. OUR PROPHETS. QUAM. LEMORNE VERSUS HUELL. ELSIE VANE. THE SMALL HOUSE AT ALLINGTON. CHAPTER XVI. Mr. Crosbie meets an old Clergyman on his way to Courcy Castle. CHAPTER XVII. Courcy Castle. CHAPTER XVIII. Lily Dale's First Love-Letter. ILLUSTRATION.—In Barchester Cathedral. DEAD. MONTHLY RECORD OF CURRENT EVENTS. EDITOR'S EASY CHAIR. EDITOR'S DRAWER. ILLUSTRATIONS.—A Battle Piece. Hard on Simson Borer. FASHIONS FOR MARCH. ILLUSTRATIONS.—Carriage Dress and Girl's Toilet.—Home Toilet.

The papers of permanent value which have been published in almost every Number render a complete set of HARPER'S MAGAZINE a desirable acquisition to any public or private library. The Publishers can supply complete sets, or any Number from the commencement. For Twenty-five Cents they will send any Number by mail, post-paid. Any volume, containing six Numbers, bound in Cloth, will be mailed, most-paid, to any place in the United States within 1500 miles of New York, for Two Dollars and Fifty Cents. Complete sets, now comprising Twenty-five Volumes, uniformly bound, will be sent by express, the freight at the charge of the purchaser, for One Dollar and Eighty-eight Cents per Volume.


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And an Extra Copy will be allowed for every Club of TEN SUBSCRIBERS, at $2.50 each, or 11 Copies for $25.

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