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Robert E. Lee Portrait
HOUR AND THE CAUSE.
JULY 4, 1863.
WE'RE living in a glorious hour!
The world scarce ever saw
A clearer right for man to fight
for liberty and law.
For liberty such as God gives to
nations He has bless'd,
The captive's chains to loosen,
and to set free the oppress'd:
Such law as was ordained in
heaven by Love's almighty pen,
By angel heralds brought to
earth—"Peace, and good-will to men!"
This is the cause we plead
to-day, with voice and pen and sword,
Till every foe be vanquished, and
the right shall be restored!
When Sumter first was fired upon,
where waved our flag on high,
When first Columbia's loyal sons
awoke to Freedom's cry;
When calls for peace, for
compromise, for justice, were in vain,
Scarce heard in Treason's louder
call, "Rend ye the land in twain!"
O! then the hearts of freemen
leaped as lightning flashes forth!
Then rushed to arms with one
consent the freemen of the North:
"Now by our fathers' deeds," they
swore, "and by our fathers' graves,
The work they planned for aye
shall last where'er yon banner waves!"
Lo! from among the nations,
fronting her foes in wroth,
Columbia stands majestic, to lead
her armies forth,
With words of fierce entreaty the
dullest soul might stir,
She treads the path of duty, and
bids us follow her:
"Shame be to every one," she
says, "confusion be his guide,
Who in this hour of tumult fears
combat by my side!
Ay, shame to all upon the earth,
of high or low degree,
Who league with the oppressor to
This day for years our fathers
called, each from his lowly grave,
"Say, have ye wrought for
freedom?—hold ye in the land no slave?"
And sadder grew each pallid brow,
and deeper their distress,
As often as they asked us, and we
slowly faltered, "Yes."
But now no more in sadness do our
country's dead appear,
For we have wrought for freedom
through all this awful year;
And a light shines on their faces
to illumine our dull way,
As with eager lips we answer
them—"WE HOLD NO SLAVES TO-DAY!"
Then ring the bells right merrily
throughout our Northern land,
Let the booming of the cannon
give an echo strange and grand!
Let the notes of freedom's joyous
songs bid every true heart thrill,
And the Stars and Stripes we love
stream forth from every vale and hill.
Long, long ago we kept it as a
day of jubilee,
When no cloud to mar the
prospects of the nation could we see.
We spoke of the old war times as
of a drama past—
That pleasant time is gone. We
know our fathers' deeds at last.
Oh! never more we gaze upon that
starry flag o'erhead
But we seem to hear the steps of
foes upon Columbia's dead!
And the booming of the cannon
breaks not on our ears again
But we think how many rebels our
gallant boys have slain!
Old Bunker Hill and Lexington we
wonder at no more;
Our watchwords are, "Fort
Sumter!" and "Remember Baltimore!"
And where one Warren with his
blood crimsoned the grassy sod,
Thousands of loyal men and true
have gone his way to God.
Yet, standing by Columbia's side,
we're marching boldly on,
Through a dark night of treachery
to greet the coming dawn.
In Senate-halls, on every side,
stalks Treason stern and grim,
While looking to where Justice
stands the road seems long and dim.
But not for that we falter, or
seek a vain repose,
Nor hasten from the battle,
leaving victory to our foes: Thank God we are no cowards! we know nor doubts
This war for freedom shall be won
an't take a hundred years!
Then shall the Union rise again
in might and majesty;
Then shall her flag victorious
float over land and sea;
Her soil shall be a welcome home
for all the world's oppress'd
And from the former evil her
children shall find rest.
Hasten, O Time, the joyful day!
Thou, Future, we implore,
Part thy veil for a moment—show
us thy good gifts in store!
So shall the phantoms of the past
be banished at thy breath:
Give us strength from all our
weakness—give us victory from death!
FIGHT AT UPPERVILLE.
MR. WAUD has sent us the sketch
of this affair, which we reproduce on
page 461. The Times correspondent thus
describes the fight:
Arriving at Upperville, two
squadrons of the First Maine were ordered to charge through the town, which they
did in the most gallant manner. The rest of the First Maine and the Fourth New
York acted as supports. Just beyond the town considerable force of the enemy was
massed. The First Maine, Sixth Ohio, Tenth New York, Second New York, and Fourth
Pennsylvania charged upon them furiously. The resistance was greater here than
at any other point. Two of our regiments were in the road, and one on each side.
They charged and were repulsed; the enemy charged and were likewise repulsed.
Several charges were made with like results, until the two forces became jammed
in together, and a regular hand-to-hand conflict took place, lasting more than
twenty minutes. In the first charge the enemy placed sharp-shooters along the
stone-walls at the side of the road, and our troops suffered from their fire.
General Kilpatrick also arranged a similar reception for the enemy, and thus the
two forces swayed to and fro under a galling cross-fire. The officers and men on
both sides fought like fiends, and in the excitement many of the enemy were
killed who might have been taken prisoners. General Kilpatrick nearly lost his
own life in attempting to save the life of the Colonel of a North Carolina
regiment. Finally the enemy yielded, and fell back, hotly pursued by General
Kilpatrick's bloody brigade, until the concentrated fire from a battery warned
General Gregg that it was time to
withdraw his men, The brigade of regulars which had been sent up as a support,
much to the amusement of all about, wheeled and hurried out of range. The Harris
Light and First Maine marched out of range as slowly and deliberately as if
going upon parade. No troops in the world ever stood such a terrible fire more
From Rector's Cross Roads to
Upperville was almost a rout. The enemy turned at bay near Upperville. The
Fourth New York charged, with General Kilpatrick at their head, and, breaking,
retired, leaving General Kilpatrick a prisoner. The Fourth, however, promptly
rallied, charged again, and the General was rescued. The troops, with the single
exception noted, all behaved well, as did most of the officers. General
Kilpatrick, commanding the centre, was always in the right place, and inspiring
the men under him by his dashing example. He led several charges in person, the
most dashing of all being the onset west of Upperville. Colonel Gregg,
commanding the left, discharged his duties promptly and like a brave man.
General Gregg commanding this division, and General Pleasanton, were near the
front all day, carefully watching every movement. The former had a horse killed
under him by a round shot. The conduct of Colonel Vincent, commanding the
infantry, is every where spoken of in the highest terms. Captain Armstrong and
Lieutenant Estes, of General Kilpatrick's staff, on two occasions, after
delivering an order, led a column against the enemy under a most terrific fire,
and excited the admiration of all for their gallant conduct and excellent
SIEGE OF PORT HUDSON.
pages 449 and
illustrations of the SIEGE OF PORT HUDSON, from sketches by our special artist
Mr. Hamilton, and by a volunteer contributor in the United States Navy.
The picture on page 449
represents the BOMBARDMENT OF PORT HUDSON from the deck of the United States
steamer Richmond. The author of the sketch writes:
"In the fore-ground our blue
jackets are busy with the 100-pound Parrott rifle. We are about two miles below
the rebel batteries, which extend about three miles along the east bank of the
river. With this gun we can reach their centre and most formidable works with
ease, while with their 10-inch Columbiads they occasionally succeed in dashing
the water up about us, few of their shots taking effect among our little fleet."
The other picture by the same
artist shows us a mortar schooner in action. The accompanying letter says:
"PORT HUDSON, June 14, 1863.
"There are six mortar schooners
here, and since the 8th of May not a night has passed but what they have made
the welkin thunder with their guns. And they have several times been subjected
to pretty severe firing from the enemy, but have always come out of the scratch
with flying colors.
"On the 10th ult. the rebels
tried to drive them and the Essex away from their position. And during the night
of the 9th, while the sconce kettles were playing upon the rebel works, they
quietly placed into position about eight guns within easy range of the
schooners. At daybreak they opened with a vim that was creditable, but no sooner
did the brave mortar boys discover their position than they lessened the long
range charge of powder which they had been using fully two-thirds, dropping
their shells with the nicest precision directly among the flashes from the
bushes. This seemed to astonish Secesh, as we have since heard their men remark.
We got under way, steaming up quietly, enjoying the exciting scene, and throwing
a 100-pound shell from our pet Parrott as often as possible. The rebels shot
threw the water up in fine style about our vessels. A few of their rifled shot
came whizzing through our rigging. When just above the Essex, we let them have a
broadside which knocked the dust about their ears in such a style that they
concluded it best to close the action. We rounded to with our guns loaded for a
second broadside, but waited in vain for an intimation of the whereabouts of the
enemy. The conduct of the mortar schooners on this occasion, as indeed on all
others, was deserving of the greatest admiration—they fired with the coolness
and precision of ordinary target practice. They had been signalized by the Essex
(who exercises a motherly charge over them) to drop down if the firing became
too hot—their answer was—they were not of the dropping kind."
Of the third picture, which shows
us the scene of the assault on Port Hudson on 14th, the Times correspondent
It was as late as 10 P.M. of
Saturday, June 13, that General Augur, who had just returned from the
head-quarters of General Banks, told his staff that they were to be in motion at
3 A.M. of the next day. We all immediately hurried off to snatch a few hours'
rest, and when I awoke at 3 o'clock I found the General and his staff already at
breakfast. In half an hour afterward they were all off to the field, whither I
speedily followed them.
Before dawn the most terrific
cannonading commenced along our whole line that ever stunned mortal ears. The
shells bursting over Port Hudson, mingled with their own firing and that of our
fleet, and the dense clouds of our
artillery, gave the place the
appearance of one vast conflagration just about to burst into flame.
After two hours of this dreadful
cannonading there was a comparative lull, and the sharp and continuous rattle of
musketry told where the work of death was going on most furiously. This was at
the right, where General Grover's division was placed, and under him those
gallant and fearless soldiers, Generals Weitzel and Paine.
If Weitzel had the larger share
in the work of the 27th, that duty seemed to-day to fall upon the command
immediately under General Paine.
The forces of the latter
consisted of the Eighth New Hampshire, Capt. Barrett, and the Fourth Wisconsin,
under Capt. Moore, who were in advance as skirmishers. Behind these came five
companies of the Fourth Massachusetts and the One hundred and Tenth New York,
under Capt. Bartlett, followed by four companies of the Third brigade. Closely
upon these came the Third brigade, under Col. Gooding, and composed of the
Thirty-first Massachusetts, Lieut.-Col. Hopkins; Thirty-eighth Massachusetts,
Maj. Richardson; Fifty-third Massachusetts, Col. Kimball; One Hundred and
Fifty-sixth New York, Col. Sharpe, and One Hundred and Seventy-fifth New York,
Col. Bryan, who was killed. Then the Second brigade, under Col. A. Fearing, and
composed of the One Hundred and Thirty-third New York, Col. Currier, and the One
Hundred and Seventy-third New York, Maj. Galway; the rest of this brigade being
detailed as skirmishers. After the Second came the First brigade, under Col.
Ferris, of the Twenty-eighth Connecticut, and composed of the Twenty-eighth
Connecticut, the Fourth Massachusetts, Col. Walker, and four companies of the
One Hundred and Tenth New York, under Maj. Hamilton. These were all followed up
by the necessary numbers of pioneers, and Nimm's Massachusetts battery.
At 3.30 A.M. of Sunday, June 14,
the column formed on the Clinton road, and commenced moving. At about 4 A.M. the
skirmishers moved right up to the scene of action—
Gen. Paine being with them in
advancing, and the deadly work commenced—the enemy pouring in upon them the most
terrible volleys, and. our dauntless men combating their way right up to the
enemy's breast-works. For hours the carnage continued furiously—our determined
soldiers, in spite of their General being seriously wounded, and in spite of the
fearful odds against them of fighting against men snugly screened behind their
barriers, keeping up the fight with the most indomitable bravery. It was
impossible for any men, under their circumstances, to show more reckless
disregard of death.
But Port Hudson was destined not
to be carried this time—at that point, at any rate. Owing to the horrible
inequalities of the ground, and the impediments which the overwhelming slaughter
of our advance had created, the whole column was not able to come up as
expected, and late in the afternoon our troops had to be withdrawn. During the
intensest part of the struggle, it is only fair to say that Col. Kimball, of the
Fifty-third, and Col. Currier, of the One Hundred and Thirty-third New-York,
advanced most gallantly with their men to reinforce those in front.
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By ordering Calomel and
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CASE OF ROSCOE K. WATSON.
Dr. B. Brandreth—
SIR: I was a private in Co. F,
17th regiment, New York Vols. While at Harrison's Landing and on the
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Out of gratitude to you for my
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I am, respectfully yours,
ROSCOE K. WATSON,
JUNE 23, 1863. Sing Sing. SOLD
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