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Robert E. Lee Portrait
WHIRLIGIG OF FORTUNE.
THE morning papers a few days
since contained, in the usual Congressional record, the report of a remark of
Mr. Vallandigham that the New York World was an abolition print in disguise! But
in the same papers were extracts from rebel papers, and especially from the
Richmond Enquirer, which, speaking of the efforts of Mr. Vallandigham and his
co-laborers to detach the Northwest from the Union, said frankly, "If they
repudiate the debt they have contracted, and abandon the Government they have
established, and recant the vows, and break pledges, and eat dirt, it is well:
we shall be charmed; the movement will suit us perfectly; and although we shall
not exactly respect the actors in that affair, yet we shall not be unwilling to
trade with them—holding our noses a little [Eheu! Vallandigham! Vallandigham!] —
and to show them all proper civilities, but at a proper distance!"
What sort of a happy family is
this, where Vallandigham calls the New York World an abolitionist in disguise,
and the Richmond Enquirer says that it must hold its nose when it speaks of
CIRCUMSTANCES ALTER CASES.
SENATOR RICHARDSON, of Illinois,
said lately in the Senate that the rebellion was at the beginning causeless. Do
he and his friends, then, mean to say that it is now justifiable?
He also said at the same time
that it might have been avoided by compromise. How? Upon what ground of honor or
common sense would he compromise with men who would causelessly rebel? The
rebellion began after compromise was refused. Still he thinks it causeless. Then
the failure to compromise was not a cause or justification of rebellion.
Besides, upon what principle
would he have compromised? The election had been Constitutionally conducted and
concluded. Some of the defeated party said, "Very well, we don't like the
result, and we are going to break up the Government." Now does Mr. Richardson
mean that he would then have offered terms to a Constitutionally defeated part
of a party to submit to the laws? Does he mean that when a defeated faction
threaten a revolution it is the duty of the Government and of good citizens
quietly to allow them to accomplish it?
Suppose the glove had been on the
other hand, and his friend Mr. Douglas had been elected. If the Republican party
or any part of it had said, "We don't like it, and we won't submit," would Mr.
Richardson have then advised that the Administration should ask them upon what
terms they would submit? Or would he have said, "If they won't submit to a
Constitutional election, train every gun in the country upon them and blow the
d—Abolitionists to h—!"
Circumstances alter cases, we
know, but do they alter them so entirely as this?
BRIEF EXTRACT FROM THE DEBATE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ON THE 23D
"MR. VALLANDIGHAM. 'I yielded the
floor in the spirit of a gentleman, and not to a blackguard.' [Excitement every
"Mr. CAMPBELL. The gentleman
himself is a blackguard.' [Applause in the galleries.]
"MR. ROBINSON. 'I insist upon the
galleries being cleared.'
"MR. Cox. 'I hope not. There are
only a small number of them, and the fool-killer's heel can keep them in order.'
"MR. VALLANDIGHAM thought it
would be admitted by the galleries that this is a legislative and deliberative
assembly, and that it is not becoming to express any approval or disapproval of
whatever takes place upon this floor."
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
AT a crowded concert the other
evening a young lady standing at the door of the hall was addressed by an honest
Hibernian, who was in attendance on the occasion. "Indade, miss," said he, "I
should be glad to give you a sate, but the empty ones are all full."
A letter was posted at the chief
post-office in London a while since, bearing the subjoined (minute, though
somewhat indefinite) address: "To my sister Bridget or else to my brother Tim
malony or if not to gudy her mother in law who came to americy but did not stay
long and went back to the ould country—in care of the Praste who live in the
Parish of balcanbury in Cork or if not to some Dacent Neighbor in Ireland."
Mr. Paradox is not what you may
consider an intemperate man by any means, but he calls on the old lady, once in
a while, for the boot jack, to draw his hat off with.
I heard a good thing one evening
at a party. A Miss Joy was present, and in the course of the evening some one
used the quotation, "A thing of beauty is a joy forever," when she exclaimed,
"Oh, I'm glad I'm not a beauty, for I shouldn't like to be a Joy forever."
"Patrick, where's the whisky I
gave you to clean the windows with?" "Ooh, master, I just drank it; and I
thought if I breathed on the glass it would be all the same."
Why is the circulation of the
blood sometimes suspended?—Because it attempts to circulate in vein.
Why is a drunkard, hesitating to
sign the pledge, like a skeptical Hindoo?—Because he is in doubt whether to give
up the worship of Jug-or-not.
It is related of a famous wit
that, having been appointed to attend to the removal of a stove, and not having
performed his duty, he urged, in excuse, "that it was his warmest friend, and he
could not be expected to remove it."
A peddler being asked by a
spindle-shanked wag if he had any overalls, replied, "No; but I have a pair of
candle-moulds that would just fit you."
"Stop that abominable noise,"
said a commanding officer to a trumpeter, in the midst of a battle; "we can
stand fire, but we can't stand that air."
Pious poverty is better than poor
He who dies in the path of duty
deserves a nobler name than he who leads a victorious army over the ruins of a
conquered kingdom. This is consolatory to drivers of stage-coaches who freeze to
death on the box.
Mrs. Partington expresses her
apprehensions that the people of the gold regions will bleed to death, as papers
are constantly announcing the opening of another vein.
"What object do you see?" asked
the doctor. The young man hesitated for a few moments, and then replied, "It
appears like a jackass, doctor, but I rather think it is your shadow!"
Many persons think themselves
perfectly virtuous because, being well fed, they have no temptation to vice.
They don't distinguish between virtue and victuals.
For a lady to sweep her carpet
with embroidered under-sleeves would be considered dirty, but to drag the
pavement with her skirts seems to be very genteel.
"Please, Sir, give me a penny to
keep me from starving."
GENT. "Can't stop—in a great
hurry—I've got to make a speech at the Society for the Relief of the Destitute."
ON Wednesday, February 25, in the
Senate, the Indian Appropriation bill was passed. Bills authorizing the
President to confer brevet rank, and to promote the health, comfort, and
efficiency of the army, were also passed. The bill amendatory of the Pacific
Railroad act was passed. Several important bills and resolutions were introduced
and appropriately referred, and, after an executive session, the Senate
adjourned.—In the House, the consideration of the Senate bill to organize the
militia of the nation was resumed. Amendments limiting the term of active
service to three years, providing for the
punishment of spies, and striking out
the clause requiring provost-marshals to inquire into and report to the
Provost-Marshal-General all treasonable practices, were adopted, and the bill
passed by a vote of 115 against 49. The Select Committee on Emancipation
reported a bill appropriating $10,000,000 in aid of the
emancipation of slaves
in Maryland. It was recommitted. The same Committee reported a bill
appropriating $15,000,000 for the emancipation of slaves in Missouri. A motion
to admit Mr. George W. Bridges to a seat as the representative of the Third
District of Tennessee was agreed to. The bill amendatory of the Internal Revenue
act was taken up in Committee of the Whole, and a number of amendments adopted.
On Thursday, 26th, in the Senate,
a resolution for a select committee to inquire into the conduct of Colonel
Gilbert, who dispersed a meeting at Frankfort, Kentucky, recently, was laid
over. Bills to carry into effect the treaty with Peru, and providing another
judge for the courts of California and Oregon, were passed. The resolution of
inquiry concerning the arrest of D. A. Mahony and others was indefinitely
postponed—21 against 19. The bill organizing the militia was received from the
House, and the amendments ordered to be printed. A motion to take up the
Bankrupt bill was agreed to by a vote of 20 against 16, and the Senate then went
into executive session and confirmed several unimportant nominations.—In the
House, a bill to punish frauds on the Government was passed. The Senate bill for
the appointment of additional generals was passed. It provides for forty
major-generals and one hundred brigadier-generals; also that no appointment
shall be made except for gallant and meritorious service in the field. Mr.
Stevens made a report on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the bill to
provide means for the support of the Government. All the points were covered,
excepting the clause taxing bank-notes. The report was agreed to by a vote of 71
yeas to 69 nays. The House insisted upon its bank clause disagreement. In
Committee of the Whole the amendments to the Internal Revenue bill were
considered. An amendment reducing the duty on paper was offered by Mr. Lovejoy,
but was opposed as irrelevant, and subsequently withdrawn.
On Friday, 27th, in the Senate,
the Conference Committee on the bill to provide ways and means for the support
of the Government made a report, covering all the points at issue between the
two Houses, except the tax on bank-notes. The report was accepted, and a new
conference committee on the bank-tax appointed. The Conference Committee on the
bill limiting the number of generals made a report. Seventy major-generals and
two hundred and seventy-five brigadiers are allowed by the report. A motion to
take up the Militia bill was rejected —19 against 18. The joint resolution
giving the thanks of Congress to
General Rosecrans and his army for gallantry at
Murfreesboro was adopted. Several unimportant subjects were disposed of, and
after an executive session the Senate adjourned.—In the House, the Conference
Committee on the subject of taxing bank-notes reported they were unable to
agree, and recommended that the House recede from the disagreement to the
proposition to levy the tax. The
House refused to recede, and asked for another conference committee. In
Committee of the Whole the amendments to the Internal Tax bill were perfected,
and the bill reported to the House. The Committee on Government Contracts
reported a resolution, which was adopted, that the Secretary of the Treasury be
requested to decline any further payment to the parties interested on account of
chartering the steamer Cataline in April, 1861. Mr. Stevens, from the Committee
of Conference on the disagreeing votes on the bill to indemnify the President
and others for acts committed under the suspension of the privilege of the writ
of habeas corpus, made a report thereon. It authorizes the President, during the
present rebellion, and when the public safety requires it, to suspend the writ
of habeas corpus in any State or parts of States, and provides for discharges by
courts, the parties discharged to take the oath of allegiance. The Republicans
endeavored to pass the bill without debate, which was successfully resisted by
the Opposition, and at two o'clock A.M. the House adjourned.
On Saturday, 28th, in the Senate,
a joint resolution giving the thanks of Congress to Commander Ringgold was
reported. The Committee on Foreign Relations made a unanimous report on the
subject of foreign mediation and intervention. The bill reorganizing the
Engineer corps was reported back by the Military Committee. Senator Grimes
introduced a bill for the purchase of the
Stevens floating battery. The bill to
reorganize the Post-Office Department was passed, and a bill to regulate
proceedings in prize cases and to amend the acts of Congress in relation thereto
was introduced. The Conscription bill was then taken up, and a debate on it
ensued, in which the measure was hotly assailed by the Opposition; but at
midnight the amendments of the House were all concurred in and the bill
passed.—In the House, the amendments to the Internal Tax acts were gone through
with, and the bill passed. The Naval Appropriation bill, and the bill
reorganizing the Post-Office Department were also passed. The Conference
Committee on the bill pending for additional major and brigadier generals made a
report, which was adopted. The report agrees to appoint thirty of the former and
seventy-five of the latter. The House proviso is also modified, so that the
officers to be appointed under the act shall be selected from those conspicuous
for gallantry and meritorious conduct in the line of duty. The Committee on
Elections made an unfavorable report on the credentials of Alvin Hawkins,
claiming a seat as representative from the Ninth District of Tennessee. In the
evening session the Miscellaneous Appropriation bill was taken up, and an
interesting discussion on the rebellion and political questions generally
On Monday, March 2, in the
Senate, the bill to regulate proceeding in prize cases was passed. Senator
Willey presented the credentials of the Hon. L. S. Bowden, elected United States
Senator from Virginia for six years from the 4th of March. The President sent in
correspondence about the suffering working-men of England. The Conference
Committee on the bill to indemnify the President reported. The internal Revenue
bill was reported back with amendments. The Engineer Corps bill was taken up. A
long fight followed; an amendment was carried by one majority that no black man
should be a commissioned officer in the national army; this was modified by a
later amendment, got through by two majority, that no black men should be
commissioned except as company officers over companies composed of Africans
only. The bill then passed. The National Revenue bill was taken up, and the
license on retail liquor-dealers was fixed at $20, as at present. An amendment
was carried that no collector should have over $5000 per year besides the
expenses of his office.—In the House, the Senate bill granting lands to
Wisconsin and Michigan for military road purposes was passed. The Senate bill to
organize a Signal Corps, after amendment, was passed. The House, by a vote of 91
against 45, concurred in the report of the Committee of Conference on the
disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the bill to indemnify the President and
others for suspending the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus. At the
evening session a bill was passed authorizing the Acting Governors of Tennessee
and Louisiana to issue writs for the election of Members of Congress, according
to the local laws. The Senate bill to establish the Pacific Railroad grade at
four feet and eight and a half inches—New York Central Railroad grade—was
passed. The House passed the following Senate bills: One providing that the
Supreme Court of the United States shall hereafter consist of one Chief Justice,
and nine Associate Justices, one of whom shall hold Court in the new Circuit of
California and Oregon. One granting alternate sections of land to Kansas for
railroad and telegraphic purposes. One with an amendment as a substitute,
providing that there shall be appointed one midshipman, between fourteen and
eighteen years of age, for each Member and Delegate in the House, recommended by
the Members and Delegates of the present Congress, to immediately form a class
according to the present regulations and qualifications for admission. One
giving the right of pre-emption to settlers on the Soscol Ranch, California. One
authorizing the Post-master-General to take such measures as may be advisable to
avoid losses to the Department, owing to the failure to prepay foreign
correspondence. One giving to soldiers discharged in consequence of wounds or
sickness the same bounty as if they had served two years. One providing for the
removal of certain bands of
Sioux Indians from Kansas. One merging the two
branches of army engineers. One authorizing the President to confer
brevet rank on such commissioned
officers as have or may hereafter distinguish themselves by gallant action; such
brevet not to carry additional pay. One to carry into effect the recent
convention with Peru for the settlement of claims, providing for the appointment
of two Commissioners and other officers.
On Tuesday, 3d, in the Senate, an
effort was made to have the previous day's journal corrected, the Opposition
insisting that the vote had not been fairly taken; but it was proved
conclusively that the proceedings in the matter were perfectly correct, and the
motion was not pushed. To make the matter certain, however, a test vote was
taken on recalling the Indemnity bill from the House, and it was decided in the
negative—25 to 13. The bill to modify the existing laws for the collection of
duties on imports was passed without amendment. The concurrent resolutions from
the Committee on Foreign Affairs, on mediation and intervention, were adopted
after some debate, with only five dissenting votes—Senators Carlile of Virginia,
Latham of California, Powell of Kentucky, Saulsbury of Delaware, and Wall of New
Jersey. The bill to establish a branch mint in Nevada Territory was passed. A
Committee of Conference was appointed on the Internal Revenue bill. The Senate
refused to take up the resolution to investigate the conduct of Colonel Gilbert
in dispersing the Copperhead Convention in Kentucky. The bill to incorporate the
National Academy of Science was passed. A resolution was adopted requesting the
President to appoint a day of national fasting and prayer. The bill to establish
Provisional Governments in certain cases was called up. A motion to lay it on
the table was lost. It was, however, postponed. The bill for the admission of
Nevada was passed. The bill to establish a Territorial Government for Montano,
changing the name to Idaho, was also passed.—In the House, the Senate's
amendments to the Internal Revenue bill were considered, but not all agreed
to—consequently, a Committee of Conference was ordered. The bill to increase the
revenue by the reservation and sale of town sites, etc., was passed. The
Miscellaneous Appropriation bill was considered in Committee, and subsequently
reported to the House. At three o'clock, according to agreement, the Senate bill
reorganizing the Courts of the District was again taken up, and was finally
passed—87 to 58. During the evening session, the reports of the Committee on
Elections, against Mr. Grafton and Mr. Hawkins claiming seats, respectively from
Virginia and Tennessee, were concurred in. A report was made from the Judiciary
Committee, affirming that the Postmaster-General has power to exclude from the
mails objectionable newspapers. Mr. Pendleton, of Ohio, made a speech in
opposition to the report. The House passed the Senate bill establishing a
Territorial Government for Idaho. A great variety of minor matters were acted
upon, and both Houses were in session until a very late hour.
The concurrent resolutions
reported by Senator Sumner, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, in
reference to the subject of mediation by France or any other foreign Power, take
a decided stand against any intervention whatever, declaring that Congress can
not hesitate to regard every proposition of foreign interference in the present
contest as so far unreasonable and inadmissible that its only explanation will
be found in a misunderstanding of the true state of the question and of the real
character of the war in which the republic is engaged; that such interference is
injurious to the national interests; and that Congress will be obliged to look
upon any further attempts in the same direction as an unfriendly act.
OF THE "INDIANOLA."
U. S. MISSISSIPPI SQUADRON, Feb.
MEMPHIS, March 1.
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of
SIR,—I regret to inform you that
the Indianola has also fallen into the hands of the enemy.
The rams Webb and
Queen of the
West attacked her 25 miles from here and rammed her until she surrendered, all
of which can be traced to a non-compliance with my instructions.
I do not know the particulars.
DAVID D. PORTER, Commander.
THE CANAL AT VICKSBURG.
The reports from the cut-off at
Vicksburg are most favorable. It is said that the channel has been cut to a
depth of six feet, and that the transport Lebanon, a side-wheel steamer, passed
through, and that most of the fleet lying above were about to follow.
THE LATEST FROM VICKSBURG.
As we go to press we have a
report that the rebels have evacuated
Vicksburg. Contemporary with it we have a
rebel report that a great battle has been fought there without decisive result.
We learn from
inst., that an expedition of a thousand cavalry and sixteen hundred infantry
left there on the day previous, and encountered the enemy at Bradyville. After
severe fighting, the rebels —a portion of
Morgan's Division—were driven from the
town, with the loss of eight killed and twenty wounded, and nine officers and
eighty privates captured. A considerable amount of baggage, papers, etc., were
also captured. Our loss in killed and wounded was about half that of the rebels.
The Richmond papers of the 28th ult. announce that General Rosecrans has
advanced to Middleborough, halfway between Murfreesboro and Shelbyville.
ATTEMPT TO MURDER GENERAL BANKS.
General Banks was fired at by
some unknown person on the night of the 12th ult., as he was leaving the City
New Orleans to attend the French Opera. The ball, however, did not take
effect either upon the General or any one else; neither has there been any trace
of the would-be assassin.
CAPTURE OF THE "JACOB BELL."
The Florida captured the ship
Jacob Bell on the 12th ult., in latitude 24°, longitude 65°, bound from China to
the port of New York. The Jacob Bell had a cargo of 22,000 packages of tea, 2500
rolls of matting, 5000 boxes of fire-crackers, 400 boxes of fans, 8000 mats of
cassia, and 210 boxes of camphor, the whole being valued at about a million of
dollars, upon which the United States Government lost over $175,000 or $200,000
in revenue, as that would be about the duty on the goods aboard. The rebel
privateer burned the vessel, and transferred her passengers and crew to a Danish
vessel, which conveyed them to St. Thomas. The United States steamer Alabama and
the ship Shepherd Knapp were at the latter port on the 20th ult., and were then
about to start on a cruise in search of the privateers
Alabama and Florida.
MASON AT THE LORD MAYOR'S BANQUET.
MR. MASON, the rebel Commissioner
in London, had been entertained by the Lord Mayor of the city at his annual
banquet. Mr. Mason responded to the toast of "Our Visitors," after a
complimentary call from the Lord Mayor and the guests. The Commissioner
expressed his regret that England had not recognized the Southern Confederacy,
spoke of the inunenee trade which his "country" would do with foreign nations,
and prophesied that the day was near at hand when the most intimate relations
would be established between the city of London and the Southern territory. The
London Times states, in an editorial, that neither the remarks of Mr. Mason nor
the fact of his being present at the entertainment have any political
'GEORGE GRISWOLD" REQUITED.
A Liverpool letter of February 9,
in the Manchester Examiner, noticing the arrival of the American food-ship
George Griswold at Liverpool, mentions, as showing the way in which some people
reciprocate the sympathy of our transatlantic brethren, the fact that as the
George Griswold was coming into port with succor for our distressed operatives,
the steamer Dolphin was sailing out with a cargo of munitions of war, etc., en
route, via Nassau, for a Confederate port.
A LESSON FOR THE (LONDON)
YOUNG JOHN BULL.—"What
is the Capital of China, papa?"
OLD JOHN BULL.—"Richmond,
my boy—which the Hemperor's name is Jeff Davis, and I build his hiron-clads!"