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Page) guilt of the rebellion upon the loyal free States?
Whose phrase is it that the Union
must fall rather than slavery? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose "friends" are the wanton
burners of orphan asylums and the remorseless murderers of innocent men and
children? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose opinion was it, when the
rebels "seceded," that the Government could not "coerce" States? Horatio
Whose hope was it that, under
that foolish trick of words, the Government might be overthrown? Horatio
Whose success does S. S. Cox
declare would complete the policy to be inaugurated by Vallandigham? Horatio
Whose nomination for President of
the United States does Jeff Davis desire? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose election would help to
secure the triumph of the rebels? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose position, beside that of
his old political companion General Dix, is that of a Copperhead beside a
patriot? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose head was metaphorically put
in chancery and punched by General Dix? Horatio Seymour's.
Whose name will hereafter be
classed with Aaron Burr's? Horatio Seymour's.
Of whose name have we now had
enough? Horatio Seymour's.
THE ter-centenary of
Shakespeare's birth occurs on the 23d of April, 1864. England is making great
preparation for the celebration. They have a National Shakespeare Committee, of
which the Prince of Wales is expected to be President, and Alfred Tennyson is
Vice-President. This may be considered as a formal recognition of Tennyson as
the chief of living English poets. The Committee is composed of men of every
pursuit; for it is Shakespeare as the representative Englishman, not Shakespeare
the poet only, whose memory they propose to honor.
But Shakespeare does not belong
to England only. He is larger than England, and belongs to the language.
Wherever the language of Shakespeare is spoken his lovers have an equal claim
upon his memory. He is ours not less than theirs. He is American not less than
English. It was in his day that the influences which made America stirred
society. It was soon after his death that his contemporaries and their children
planted America. We ought therefore to share in the celebration. His birth is
our festival also. Cordelia and Rosalind, Hamlet and Mercutio, are ours.
Let our known and special
Shakespearians move in the matter and name a committee. Mr. Verplanck, Mr.
Hudson, Mr. White, have each edited the great poet. There are eminent
Shakespeare scholars also. Why will they not combine and consider the whole
subject? It is not necessary to do it in connection with the English movement.
We paid our homage to Burns independently of that of Scotland and of the rest of
the world. And the attitude of many eminent English literary men during the war
has certainly not inspired cordial sympathy for a united celebration. Carlyle,
Bulwer, Thackeray, Kingsley, and others have sneered, and great numbers of the
magazines and papers have scoffed at a cause which concerns ail liberty. But our
interest is not with them, it is with Shakespeare. Let them honor him as they
will. Let us also, in our own way and from our own hearts, offer our homage.
VERMONT has just elected a loyal
Governor: a Senate unanimously loyal, and a House which counts only some dozen
members who are opposed to the war. Vermont supports unconditionally and
overwhelmingly the policy of the Government. Does any body believe that the
great safe-guards of civil liberty are endangered in Vermont, because she did
not elect friends of Davis and Toombs to be her Governor and legislators? Does
any body believe that those safeguards will be more secure in Ohio than in
Vermont, if Vallandigham should be chosen Governor of Ohio? Does any body
believe that the rights of citizens or legitimate State rights are in any
greater peril in Vermont, where a Copperhead is not Governor, than they are in
New York where Seymour is? Are the principles of the Government and the
Constitution any less safe in the State of Vermont than they are in Kentucky? If
every loyal State followed the example of Vermont would a single lover of the
Union and the Government regret the result?
IS ALLEGED AND NOT DENIED.
IF there be any infamy in the
word thief, it belongs to John B. Floyd. If there be any crime in purely
causeless and bloody rebellion against just and equal laws, he was a criminal.
If there be any thing despicable in poltroonery, he was contemptible. But he had
the merit, in Copperhead eyes, of being in arms against the Government of the
United States; consequently the chief Copperhead organ in the country smoothly
says of him, "It has been alleged, and it has also been denied, that the treason
of John B. Floyd had manifested itself while he yet held office under the United
States Government, in the transfer of arms to the South to aid the cause of the
It has also been alleged, but it
has never been denied, that the treason of Copperheads manifests itself in a
pretended loyalty to the Government, while all their sympathy is transferred to
the South to aid and comfort the rebellion.
AND NAVY ITEMS.
GENERAL HALLECK last week secured the
appointment of twenty-four young soldiers, from our armies now in the field, to
cadetships at West Point. The cadetships due to the Virginia Congressional
districts are given to young lads who have distinguished themselves, and are
otherwise qualified, in the Army of the Potomac. The cadetships
due to Western Tennessee,
Arkansas, and Mississippi, are to be conferred on
recommendation. So in the other departments. And General HALLECK further takes
the ground that next year all appointments to West Point shall be made from
young soldiers in the field, or the sons of officers who have rendered important
services in this war; not that the appointments are to be taken from the various
Congressmen in the Northern and other States, but that the Congressmen in their
recommendations are to be restricted to these classes of nominees.
Among the recent arrivals from
New Orleans is Lieutenant-Colonel J. P. FOSTER, of the One Hundred and
Twenty-eighth New York Volunteers. Colonel FOSTER served under
General BANKS in
the Shenandoah Valley as Major, and won his promotion by his bravery at
The steam sloops of war
Brooklyn, now at the Brooklyn Navy-yard, are to be put in order as
soon as possible, and as the Niagara, at Boston, is to be ready about the same
time, it is surmised that these four noble ships are destined for some special
service not yet made public. Rumor says that they will go across the Atlantic to
operate together as a special squadron on the coast of England and France.
Official information has been
received in regard to the fate of Lieutenant-Colonel BRODERICK and Major
SHELMIRE, First New Jersey Cavalry, in the cavalry fight at Brandy Station on
June 9. They were both killed in the charge upon the rebel General STUART'S
head-quarters. BRODERICK fell at the very entrance of General STUART'S tent.
W. B. C. DURYEE, Assistant
Adjutant-General, has been assigned to duty in the Army of the Potomac.
The following navy orders have
been issued: Commodore THOMAS F. CRAVEN ordered to command the Niagara.
Commander JOHN GUEST ordered to
duty at Navy-yard, Washington.
Commander JAMES P. SANFORD
ordered to command the Sassacus.
Commander E. T. NICHOLS ordered
to command the Mendota.
Lieutenant-Commander FRANCIS M.
ROE detached from ordnance duty at New York, and ordered to command the steamer
Lieutenant-Commander WATSON SMITH
ordered to command the Paul Jones.
Lieutenant-Commander JOHN S.
BARNES detached from the command of the Paul Jones, and ordered to the Niagara.
GHERARDI ordered to command the Chocura.
Lieutenant-Commander DANIEL L.
BRAINE detached from ordnance duty at New York, and ordered to command the
Lieutenant-Commander WILLIAM F.
TRUXTON detached from the command of the Chocura, and waiting orders.
Lieutenant-Commander J. C. P. DE
KRAFT detached from the Navy Yard at Washington, and waiting orders.
Lieutenant-Commander L. A.
BEARDSLEE ordered to special duty at New York.
Lieutenant-Commander S. L. BREESE
detached from the Roanoke, preparatory orders to command the Sagamore.
Captain JOHNSON, one of the
personal aids of Major-General HEINTZELMAN, has been promoted to the rank of
major. He will remain upon the staff of General HEINTZELMAN.
Under the new dealing with
officers, justly or unjustly obnoxious, Colonel BOWMAN, Military Superintendent
of West Point, has been relieved, and Brigadier-General H. G. WRIGHT put in his
Major-General HUNTER, at his own
request, has been assigned to an important command in the West.
General JOHN A. GARFIELD ha
written a letter denying many of the assertions of CLEMENT L. VALLANDIGHAM, and
convicting him of uttering untruths about the sentiments of the people of the
South. General GARFIELD also says that he holds himself personally responsible
to MR. VALLANDIGHAM, or any of his friends, for the statements he has made.
It is understood that General
RUFUS INGALLS, so long the efficient Chief Quarter-master of the Army of the
Potomac, is to succeed to the Quarter-master Generalship made vacant by the
removal of General MEIGS.
Lieutenant-Colonel CHARLES G.
HALPINE, lately upon the staff of Major-General HUNTER, and afterward upon that
of General HALLECK, has been temporarily assigned to duty on the staff of
Commander THATCHER has been
ordered to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron to command the steam frigate
Commander BOWERS has been
detached from the naval rendezvous at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and ordered to
command the receiving ship Vandalia.
Commander LEROY has been ordered
to command the sloop of war Oneida.
Lieutenant-Commander E. P.
WILLIAMS has been detached from the Powhatan and ordered to command the Huron.
Lieutenant-Commander CHARLES E.
FLEMING has received preparatory orders to command the Sagamore.
Lieutenant-Commander ROBERT BOYD
has been detached from the receiving ship at Boston and ordered to the Powhatan.
Lieutenant-Commander F. K. LEWIS
has been detached from the command of the Itaska, and ordered to Baltimore on
Lieutenant-Commander GEORGE BROWN
has been ordered to the command of the Itaska.
Lieutenant WILLIAM B. CUSHING has
been detached from the command of the Shockokon, and ordered to the command of
The Navy Department has received
information of the killing at Natchez of Acting Master R. A. TURNER, commanding
the United States steamer Curlew, by Major M'KEE, the Provost Marshal of that
city. A commission to investigate the matter relieved the Marshal from all
Captain JOHN SAUNDERS, of the
Sixty-ninth New York regiment, who was recently reported to have been
court-martialed and deprived of one month's pay, for "conduct unbecoming an
officer and a gentleman," was honorably discharged on June 12, in consequence of
the consolidation of his company.
Captain JOHN L. BROOMS, of the
United States flag-ship Hartford, late in command of the marines of the Gulf
squadron, has been ordered to report for duty at the Marine Barracks, Brooklyn.
The soldiers of the Third Army
Corps are preparing to give General SICKLES a magnificent reception on his
return to his duties. Over five thousand dollars have already been subscribed
for the purpose.
Brigadier-General BEAL and a
number of other rebel officers passed through Cairo on 1st inst. en route to
Johnson's Island, in charge of Lieutenant WRIGHT.
The Louisville Journal tells a
good story at the expense of a colonel who was dismissed from the service on
charges of disloyalty. The colonel appealed to
President LINCOLN, and after a
long talk the latter, apparently convinced of his loyalty, proposed to make him
a brigadier-general, providing he would submit to a certain test. To this the
officer gladly acceded, when, much to his chagrin, Mr. LINCOLN proposed to give
him the command of a negro brigade. The brave colonel "didn't see it."
Colonel Commandant JOHN HARRIS,
of the Marine Corps, has returned from his annual tour of inspection to the
marine barracks of the different naval stations, and is now at head-quarters in
this city. Captain ALLAN RAMSAY has been detached from United States sloop
Richmond, and ordered to command at the Washington barracks. There are at
present four vacancies in the Marine Corps, which will be filled by appointment
by the Secretary of the Navy before the convening of Congress. This is a
splendid service for young men of military taste and education desirous of
seeing the world.
Captain LEVY, recently arrested
and consigned to the Old Capitol prison, has been released, and is now making an
investigation of the charges alleged against him.
CAPTURE OF KNOXVILLE.
OFFICIAL dispatches received in
Washington state that
General Burnside has captured
Knoxville, East Tennessee,
his cavalry having entered the place about the 4th inst. At Kingston the rebels
did not show much fight but fell back, and finally retreated. There were several
skirmishes on the way to Knoxville, the most severe of which was at Lodan, at
which place the rebels were routed with considerable loss. General Burnside's
losses during the advance have been trifling.
SIEGE OF CHARLESTON.
The monotony of the siege
Charleston was varied by a general engagement on the 1st inst.,
between the iron-clads and Forts Sumter, Wagner, and Moultrie, in which much
damage was done to the forts. During the action Fleet Captain Oscar C. Badger,
the successor of Captain Rodgers, had his leg broken by a shell, and it was
thought that amputation would be necessary. At latest accounts four Monitors had
gone up to renew the action, and were nearly abreast of Sumter.
Gilmore's land batteries, meantime, were firing night and day. The bombardment
of the city had not been resumed.
LATEST FROM CHARLESTON.
We give the following, from rebel
CHARLESTON, September 5, 1863.
To-day has witnessed another
furious bombardment of Forts Wagner and Gregg by the enemy's fleet and land
batteries. The firing was begun at daylight, and was maintained steadily until
dark. A Monitor is now firing at Fort Moultrie. Another assault on Battery
Wagner is deemed not improbable to-night.
Since yesterday no further attack
has been made on brick-built Sumter, which has been held twenty days against all
the efforts of the enemy's great guns by land and sea. Of 7551 shots which have
been fired at it 3495 have struck outside and 2130 inside. The flag has been
shot away fourteen times. The orders against exposure having been rigidly
enforced, our casualties were few.
CHARLESTON, September 6—9:30 A.M.
The bombardment of Batteries
Wagner and Gregg has been incessant for the last fifty-two hours. The noise of
the cannonade is tremendous.
Last night the enemy landed near
Cumming's Point, in barges, and assaulted Battery Gregg. The assault was
repulsed. No particulars have been received.
GENERAL ROSECRANS'S POSITION.
A dispatch from
Rosecrans's army, dated the 3d inst., states that the army was then well across
the Tennessee, and occupied a strong position several miles south of the river,
no resistance to the crossing having been shown by the rebels. Reconnoissances
to Trenton, Georgia, had tailed to discover any rebels, and the report was that
they were intrenched to the eastward of Chattanooga.
WAR IN ARKANSAS.
The following dispatch has been
received from General Fisk:
PILOT KNOB, Wednesday. Sept. 2.
To Major-General Schofield:
A deserter from Burbridge's
command reports that our forces attacked Price on the 25th at Brownsville and
Bayou Metre. "Old Pap's" forces were driven back across Arkansas River on
Wednesday forenoon last. The entire rebel force was in full retreat, Steele and
Davidson hotly pursuing them, and shelling the fleeing rebels. Hundreds are
deserting. Marmaduke's command was wholly routed and scattered. Little Rock was
within the grasp of the Federal army.
The people of Arkansas, north of
White River, are praising God for the prospective deliverance from the Jeff
Davis despotism. C. B. FISK, Brigadier-General.
The forces of Generals Steele and
Davidson are still pursuing the rebels in the vicinity of the White River. A
dispatch from Memphis on the 5th says that General Davidson drove the enemy,
seven thousand strong, across the Bayou Metre bridge, on the 28th ult., killing
and wounding one hundred and capturing two hundred. The rebels burned the bridge
over the bayou in their retreat.
CHANGES OF COMMANDERS.
Reports from Memphis are to the
effect that Generals Grant and Thomas have gone to New Orleans; that General
Grant will command all the Mississippi region, and that General Banks will go to
DEMORALIZATION OF THE REBELS.
A correspondent with the Army of
the Cumberland, in a recent letter, gives additional and most interesting
evidence on the subject of discontent in the South, both in and out of the rebel
armies. Desertion is no longer confined to solitary individuals, but large
masses of men only wait for an opportunity to quit a service which they loathe.
From reliable information it would appear that 5000 men have taken refuge in the
mountains of Georgia alone, successfully resisting all the force that the
authorities can bring against them. As every man the Confederates can raise is
needed to oppose our troops, it will be well-nigh impossible for them to
disperse the refugees, whose numbers will continue to increase as the cause of
the Confederacy becomes more desperate.
CONSTERNATION AMONG THE BORDER RUFFIANS.
The utmost consternation and
alarm prevail in the border counties of Missouri, in consequence of the orders
of General Ewing, and the threatened invasion mom Kansas. General Ewing's order
required all the inhabitants in Jackson, Cass, and Bates counties to abandon
their homes, and assemble at certain specified posts by the 9th of September;
and directed that all hay left in those counties should be burned. At the same
time it is announced that General Lane will enter Missouri with a force on the
9th of September. There is a general conviction that Independence, the most
important town be Jackson County, is to be plundered and reduced to ashes. The
moneys of the bank at that place have been removed to St. Louis for safety. The
records of the three counties, Jackson, Bates, and Cass, have also been removed
to prevent their destruction. General Schofield, with his staff, left St. Louis
on Monday for the border, to give his personal attention to affairs there, and
to inaugurate energetic measures for ridding that region of the brigands under
ANOTHER COLORED REGIMENT AT WORK.
Major-General Blunt, in his
official report of the battle of Honey Springs, Arkansas, says the First Kansas
colored regiment particularly distinguished themselves. They fought like
veterans, and preserved their line unbroken throughout the engagement. Their
coolness and bravery I have never seen surpassed. They were in the hottest of
the fight and opposed to Texan troops twice their number, whom they completely
routed. The Twentieth Texas regiment, which fought against them, went into the
fight with 300 men and came out with only 60.
GOVERNOR JOHNSON FOR ABOLITION.
On 5th inst. Governor Johnson
addressed a Union meeting in
Nashville, Tennessee, taking strong ground in favor
of immediate emancipation. He declared Slavery to be the source and cause of all
our troubles, and said that he was opposed to compromise with it.
APPEAL FROM THE POPE.
Pope Pius the Ninth has addressed
an apostolic letter to Archbishop Hughes on the subject of the rebellion and war
in America. He advocates peace, and calls on the Archbishop to use his most
strenuous endeavors to bring about that result. The Pope advises a conference
with the associate bishops of the Archbishop, and announces that he had
forwarded a similar circular to the Archbishop of New Orleans, counseling him to
confer with Archbishop Hughes on the subject.
The California election has
resulted in the complete triumph of the Union State ticket. It is believed that
Low's majority for Governor, notwithstanding the popularity of Downey, the
Democratic candidate, will not fail short of 20,000.
UNION STATE NOMINATIONS.
The following nominations, for
the State Ticket, were made at the Union State Convention held last week at
For Secretary of State- PETER A.
For Controller -THOS. W. OLCOTT.
For Attorney-General JOHN
For State Treasurer GEO. W.
For Jdg. of Appeals HENRY R.
For Canal Commissioner BENJ. F.
For State Engineer - W. B.
For inspector of Prisons- JAMES
The Herald says; "Well informed
parties allege that General McClellan's report was only received at the
Adjutant-General's Department three weeks ago, and that it will take one man
many months to read it and its accompanying documents with the attention it
deserves. It will occupy when printed three large quarto volumes, with charts,
diagrams, etc. For its publication a large Congressional appropriation will be
requisite. The Secretary of War has not yet had time to read it, but is about
instituting a committee of officers, to be presided over by Major-General David
Hunter, who will be charged with the duty of reading it, and reporting as to
whether or not it shall be published as an official document."
NEW REBEL RAMS.
THE rebel iron rams at Liverpool
are described as of enormous strength, turreted, and furnished with every
protection for the gunners. One of them was off the stocks, and had taken some
guns on board. This is probably the one which was reported to have sailed. It is
said, however, that one was to sail on the 27th of August. The English
Government and people were becoming alarmed at the breaches of international law
which they had already sanctioned in this connection.
ENGLAND ALARMED AT HER NEW NAVAL DOCTRINE.
The following extract is from the
London Times of August 28:
* * * We hold and acknowledge it
unlawful to equip vessels of war for the use of a belligerent, we being
neutrals, and yet every cruiser in the service of the Southern States has been,
as a matter of fact, sent to sea from the ports of this country. It is not the
fault of the Government, as the case of the Alexandra sufficiently proved; but
there must clearly be a fault somewhere, when we see the spirit of the law
evaded, and things done which we would rather see left undone, and which our own
national interests call upon us to stop.
We admit that the case is
exceptional. It turns, in fact, upon the passionate and overriding determination
with which the Federals are enforcing a prodigious blockade. To this one
momentous object they have devoted their whole naval resources, and have thrown
the police of the seas upon us. If their squadrons were not so busy on the
sea-board of the Southern States matters would not have been managed so easily
in the Mersey and the Clyde; nor would the Florida be quietly hovering about the
Channel to pick up her new consorts on their coming out. As it is, this kind of
trade is left undisturbed, and the Federals, instead of snapping up the would-be
cruisers on their first appearance. complain of us for allowing them to appear
at all. Just lately they have ordered the construction of six powerful iron
steamers expressly for the purpose of patrolling the seas; and if this new
squadron should not be abruptly diverted to Charleston or Norfolk we should soon
hear less of the Alabama and her doings. Hitherto the Southerners have been left
with this field of action entirely to themselves, and so profitable have they
found it that they have recently proposed to throw their whole energies into the
work. In that event we might see such an extension given to the trade in
question as could hardly be tolerated.
It is a hard thing to say,
perhaps, that we may sell a hundred thousand rifles or to whole cargo of
gunpowder to a belligerent, and yet not ship's hull: but we can only add that
some such distinction is actually recognized, and that it is not our interest to
invalidate it. We ourselves have maintained it as well as the Americans. During
the Crimean war we addressed a protest to the Washington Government on the
subject of a vessel believed to be destined for Russian use, and the Americans
listened to us. When they, again, the other day, protested on the subject of the
Alexandra, we listened to them, and did our best to detect an alleged breach of
law. On both sides, therefore, it is felt that neutrals should not supply
belligerents with vessels of war; and yet a Confederate cruiser is said to be
somewhere in British waters awaiting the appearance of her new consorts at a
rendezvous. Can this be right? We think not. It is not a question of sympathy at
all, but it question of law, and, we may once more add, of British interests. If
we were unhappily plunged again into war we might soon find reason to wish that
we had supported with greater zeal the representations of the Federals in the
matter of these Southern cruisers.
BRITISH PIRATE "FLORIDA."
The Florida had captured and
burned the ship Anglo-Saxon, loaded with coal, bound from Liverpool for New
York, on the 21st ult., only thirty miles southeast of Kinsale, she being in
charge of a Channel pilot at the time. It was uncertain what disposition had
been made of the crew.
DECLINES TO RECOGNIZE THE CONFEDERACY.
The Richmond Government had made
a pressing appeal to the Spanish Government to obtain recognition of the
Confederate States, offering to guarantee to Spain the possession of Cuba and
Porto Rico. The Spanish Government declined.
RUMORED DECLINATION OF MAXIMILIAN.
The Mexican question is assuming
new and interesting phases. An American protest in regard to the French
proceedings in Mexico, it was believed, would be presented to the French Emperor
during the current week. There is a likelihood, also, that the Mexican throne
may not, after all, be accepted by Maximilian. The King of the Belgians
recommends him to insist upon certain conditions, which are equivalent to a
refusal; and it is understood that the Imperial family at Vienna are resolved
that his acceptance must be followed by a renunciation of all his political
rights as a scion of the house of Austria.
BURNING OF THE SERAGLIO.
The Turkish seraglio was recently
burned to the ground, and an exciting scene occurred during the conflagration
among the three hundred women, over one hundred eunuchs, and some hundred
servants who inhabited it.
ATTACK ON AMERICAN AND BRITISH VESSELS.
News from Japan, of a highly
important character, to the 24th of July, is received by way of San Francisco.
Actual hostilities between the Japanese and the Treaty Powers had commenced. On
the 15th of July an English ship, bound from Nargasadi to Kanagawa by an inland
passage, was fired upon by Japanese forts and vessels, which had previously
fired upon the American ship Pembroke. She was much injured, and had four men
killed and six wounded. Subsequently the American steamer Wyoming visited the
place to punish the Japanese for firing upon the Pembroke. She blew up one
Japanese steamer and sunk another, and silenced nearly all the neighboring
forts. She received twenty shots, and had five amen killed and six wounded. The
forts were afterward attacked by two British war-vessels, and after a
bombardment a detachment of British troops were landed, who destroyed the
fortifications and an adjacent village. The Japanese showed very little fight.