Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) practicable to sketch many places that must certainly have gone
unpictured had one been forced to rely upon unaided eyesight.
"This view of Fort Johnson and
its surroundings is not only interesting but picturesque, and since it is known
that the rebels rely almost entirely for the defense of Charleston upon
sand-works of this kind, these views assume an interest that they have been
hitherto devoid of."
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
WE devote two pages this week to
an illustration of the Army of the Potomac, from a sketch by our special artist,
Mr. A. R. Waud. On pages 616 and 617
EXECUTION OF DESERTERS.
Mr. Waud writes: "The crime of
desertion has been one of the greatest drawbacks to our army. If the men who
have deserted their flag had but been present on more than one occasion defeat
would have been victory, and victory the destruction of the enemy. It may be
therefore fairly asserted that desertion is the greatest crime of the soldier,
and no punishment too severe for the offense. But the dislike to kill in cold
blood—a Northern characteristic—the undue exercise of executive clemency, and in
fact the very magnitude and vast spread of the offense, has prevented the proper
punishment being applied. That is past; now the very necessity of saving life
will cause the severest penalties to be rigorously exacted. The picture
represents the men who were sentenced to death in the Fifth Corps for desertion
at the moment of their execution. Some of these had enlisted, pocketed the
bounty, and deserted again and again. The sentence of death being so seldom
enforced they considered it a safe game. They all suffered terribly mentally,
and as they marched to their own funeral they staggered with mortal agony like a
drunken man. Through the corps, ranged in hushed masses on the hill-side, the
procession moved to a funeral march, the culprits walking each behind his own
coffin. On reaching the grave they were, as usual, seated on their coffins; the
priests made short prayers; their eyes were bandaged; and with a precision
worthy of praise for its humanity, the orders were given and the volley fired
which launched them into eternity. They died instantly, although one sat up
nearly a minute after the firing; and there is no doubt that their death has had
a very salutary influence on discipline."
A TUNE that keeps no earthly time
Rising and falling at the wind's
Now quick in haste, now slow in
But always very musically sweet,
And always sad. No little
To its soft cadence dance along
No little childish voice breaks
By a glad impulse, like a wild
An echo to the sound the wind is
Rather the child, although scarce
Hearing this music, passes slowly
And breathes its fear and wonder
in a sigh.
WAY JOE ALLEN BURIED
"I PROMISED to tell you something
about Aldie and
Upperville," said the Adjutant of the First Jersey. "We did not
go into the fights themselves, being for the first time kept in reserve; but
after we had finished driving the enemy, and began to move back to the army, our
brigade had the honor of covering the rear, when we had some tolerably sharp
"You were with us last year when
we had that set-to with Stuart at Aldie, and remember the position pretty well.
The rebels came up the Snickersville Road in just the same way they attacked
last December; but Kilpatrick met them differently. He swept round outside of
the town, and charged into the road by the first wood. The Tenth New York went
first, and drove them to that dip of the road where it bends in both directions.
Here they were met and forced back. Kilpatrick sent in the Second New York as
support. Their Major, instead of leading, gave his orders from the rear, which
produced some confusion, and consequently the rebels were getting the better of
our men. They say that Kilpatrick was half mad. He had brought on the fight, and
now if his men failed him he was lost. Just then Colonel Doughty with his First
Maine came up in perfect order. Kilpatrick rode up to them, and they dashed
forward with a vigor that was irresistible. Right before them they swept the
rebels, past the woods and the hollow, and up to the last hill, where there were
some old hay-stacks grouped together. Some of the rebels were protecting
themselves under their cover, and opened a heavy fire; but it was no use. Eleven
horses went down right around the stacks; but even that did not check the Maine
fellows. Closing in, they drove the enemy away, and, fighting hand to hand,
forced them down the steep into the hollow beyond. It was terribly close work.
Kilpatrick himself was, they say, once surrounded and a prisoner, but was cut
out before he could be fairly taken. That fine old soldier Colonel Doughty got
in too deep. The rebels ordered him to yield, but he refused. If he had had his
own horse, which was so perfectly trained that he could do any thing, the old
man would have succeeded in keeping a clear place around him, and would have cut
his way through; but the animal on which he was mounted was inferior in strength
and activity to the emergency. The rebels pressed in upon him, and the brave old
man, fighting to the last, went down. There was no holding the Maine boys after
that. The rebels were driven well
down the hill, our artillery got into position and raked them fearfully, and for
a mile or two it was a perfect rout.
"The rebels cut across into the
Middlebury Road, which, through Duffie's misfortune that morning, was free.
Reinforcements coming up enabled them to get into order again, and hold us for a
while. Once again there was fierce fighting, and again they had to fall back,
though this time in a little better order. Still each attack shook them more and
more. At last they began retreating rapidly, leaving us a gun.
"After two days' fighting, all in
our favor, they were forced to make a stand at Upperville, in order to secure
their line of retreat through Ashby's Gap. All along the stone-walls by the
road-side they dismounted sharp-shooters, and wherever they deployed they
protected themselves by similar breast-works. Kilpatrick took the same
precaution on the road, and it saved him from some trouble. His column, charging
past the sharp-shooters, caught such a heavy fire that it had to fall back, and
Stuart's men charged in their turn. Then our carbineers let them have it with
terrible effect, weeding out their squadrons effectually. Over the stone-walls
and through the inclosures our men went at them, sometimes throwing down the
fences, at others going over them. The fighting was something like Brandy
Station, though we had more decidedly the advantage. The rebels lost very
severely. They never succeeded in fairly meeting a charge. From hill to hill
they went, leaving another piece in our hands, and at last were driven pell-mell
into the Gap. It was not until they reached the other side, and were covered by
their infantry and artillery, that they were able to make a stand.
"Kilpatrick's brigade had the
work that day all to itself; and they did it so thoroughly that we in the
reserve had nothing to do but to follow up. The next morning Pleasanton, having
found out all he wanted to know, and done what he wanted, gave orders to fall
back to our position, covering the march of the army.
"Our brigade now took the rear of
the column; the First Pennsylvania and First New Jersey, with some of the Third
Pennsylvania, being deployed as skirmishers. As soon as the rebels discovered
that we were actually retiring they came swarming out of the Gap. They had
received such a lesson, however, that it was not until after we had passed
through Upperville that they attempted to close. Here they cause out suddenly,
wheeling from behind a hill, and charged. It was a very distinguished failure.
They rode in toward our skirmishers, as if fully determined to break through;
but Lucas opened such a scathing fire upon them that they reeled back in dismay.
"Among our skirmishers that day
Private Vandegrift, of Company D, particularly distinguished himself. All our
men were cool and daring, keeping their positions steadily, but he fought with
marked judgment, never throwing away his fire, and always the nearest man to the
enemy. Close to his side fought Joseph Allen, of Company F, a reckless,
warm-hearted, light-headed boy. I do not know that they fought really better
than others, but they happened to catch my eye, and subsequent events impressed
their names on my memory. Curiously enough, the storm of bullets fired by the
rebels did not injure a man of our line. Their skirmishers were nervous and
fired wild, while the aim of our men was unusually fatal. At last the rebels
brought up some artillery, and began firing shells at our skirmishers, while
their men kept carefully out of range. One shell burst under the horse of
Captain Englebert, of the Third Pennsylvania, curiously enough without harming
horse or rider. Another struck Vandegrift in the side, tearing through him
without exploding. As he tell Allen sprung to the ground, seized him, and placed
his body carefully by the fence. At this moment the rebels made another abortive
charge, and Allen had to remount. This was near the Dover Mills, on the
Middleburg Road, and terminated their attempt at pursuit. Leaving this body
behind seemed to weigh upon Joe's mind. He kept as far in the rear as he could
through the whole after-movement. When the regiment halted he came up to Captain
Lucas and begged permission to bring it in. The Captain gave leave, if the body
did not lie inside the rebel lines, and if he could find any men to accompany
him. Craven, of Company A, immediately volunteered. A Pennsylvania man also
pressed forward, as did two other Jersey men. These five mounted and quietly
advanced toward the rebel forces. Managing to avoid an outlying picket, they
stole through the woods until they were close upon the spot where lay
Vandegrift's body, partially hidden by the fence. There, within one hundred
yards, stretched the enemy's skirmish line, with no obstruction intervening
between them and the body. 'No matter,' said our men to each other; 'it lies
without the lines, and we can get it without disobeying orders.' So suddenly
they rode out of the woods and spread themselves before the body. As they did
so, Craven dismounted and lifted the body on his horse. The movement so
paralyzed the rebels that they were unable to fire until after he had done this.
Then, as he remounted, they delivered a hasty and ineffectual fire. Without
returning it our men wheeled and dashed back into cover with the burden for
which they had risked so much. Half sadly, half triumphantly, they bore it back
to camp; and as they laid it in a decent grave felt a soldier's satisfaction
that their comrade obtained a proper resting-place from their hands, instead of
being tumbled into a ditch by the enemy, or left unburied, a prey to unclean
beasts and the foul birds of prey."
"THE PRINTER'S DEVIL," a
handsome, illustrated, literary, and miscellaneous Family Paper, will be sent on
trial six months, free of postage, for twenty-five cents. Address "Printer's
Devil," 113 Fulton St. N. Y. Sold by newsdealers.
CENTS per Pound Profit.
CENTS per Pound Profit.
CENTS per Pound Profit.
CENTS per Pound Profit.
Great American Tea Company,
No. 51 Vesey Street, New York,
are selling ALL their TEAS at
ONLY TWO CENTS PER POUND PROFIT, believing this feature to be attractive to the
many who have heretofore been paying ENORMOUS PROFITS.
Standard Military Books.
Roemer's History and Uses of
Cavalry, 8vo ...........$5.00 Gibbon's Artillerist's Manual, 8vo, new edition
......5.00 Roberts' Handbook of Artillery, 16m...1.00 Heavy Artillery Tactics,
12mo, 1863 ......2.00 Casey's Infantry Tactics, 3 volumes .......2.50 Military
Art and History, by BARRE DU PARCQ, 8vo .......4.00 Scott's Military Dictionary,
octavo ...........................5.00 Benet's Military Law and Courts-Martial,
8vo ....................3.00 Army Officers' Pocket Comp., 16mo 1.50 Manual for
Engineer Troops, 12mo ....2.00 Cullum's Military Bridges, 8vo ..............3.50
Evolutions for Field Batteries of Artillery, 18mo ................1.00
Together with a full assortment
of French, English, and American Military, Naval, and Engineering works. Copies
sent free by mail on receipt of price. D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher, No. 192
Broadway, New York.
50,000 Agents Wanted.
One Agent wanted in every
Regiment, Hospital, and on board every Naval Vessel. For $1, will send you as
sample, with a Circular giving full instructions to Agents, either a Fine Gold
Pen and Pencil, or a beautiful New Style Vest Chain, or Chatelaine Chain and
Pin, or Guard Chain, or an Engraved Spring Locket. or a Seal Stone, California
Diamond, or Chased Ring, or a fine Gold California Diamond Pin, or a New Style
Set of Jewelry, or a solid Silver Shield, or either Army Corps Pin, with your
Name, Co., and Reg., handsomely engraved upon it, or a Kearney Cross in Gold
Plate; and, for 50 cents, I will send a beautiful Union League Pin, in fine Gold
Plate. B. T. HAYWARD, Manufacturing Jeweler, Box 4876. 208 Broadway, N. Y.
Nottingham Curtains, Wholesale
and retail, Brocatelle Curtains, at Rep
Curtains, KELTY'S, 359 Broadway, Terry Curtains, Satin Delaine Curtains,
SAVAGE & CO.'S No Chimney Burner
burns Kerosene Oil with a brilliant light without chimney, smoke, or odor. Saves
25 per cent. Office 202 Fulton street, N. Y. Agents wanted. Send for circular.
Sample sent by mail, pre-paid, for 50 cents.
Fountain's INDIAN and AMERICAN
INDIAN STORE, 858 BROADWAY, between Thirteenth and Fourteenth Streets, up
stairs, is filled with scarce, useful, and novel goods from China, Japan, India,
France, and the American Indians, which are not to be found elsewhere; wholesale
and retail. Catalogue-Cards sent per mail. Visitors are welcome to examine our
extensive stock without purchasing. Unique Fans from India, France, and the
American Indians. Fancy Pigeons and Poultry. A large private stock for sale.
Apply immediately, as the owner is going to Europe. Box 2600, P. O., Boston.
AT YOUR OWN HOMES.—THOUSANDS CAN
REALIZE A HUNDRED DOLLARS WEEKLY.—No utensils required except those found in
every household; profits 100 per cent.; demand staple as flour. It is the
greatest discovery of the age. Full particulars sent on receipt of two stamps
for return postage. Address C. MUNRO, BROWN & CO., No. 74 Bleecker Street, N. Y.
ANDEN'S ONE DOLLAR
PORTABLE COPYING PRESS.
Acknowledged by all who have used
it to be, in all respects, unequaled. Sent free by mail. Liberal discount to
agents and the trade. HANNAH & CO., No. 104 John St , N. Y. Room No. 1. Send 3
ct. stamp for circular.
Union Playing Cards.
Colonel for King, Goddess of
Liberty for Queen, and Major for Jack. 52 enameled cards to the pack. Eagles,
Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and you can play all the usual games.
Two packs, in cases, mailed free on receipt of $1. The usual discount to the
trade. Send for a Circular. Address AMERICAN CARD COMPANY, 455 Broadway, N. Y.,
or 165 William Street, N. Y.
LACE CURTAINS, Nottingham
Curtains, New Styles At KELTY'S No. 359 Broadway.
WANTED.—DISABLED AND DISCHARGED
SOLdiers, and others, maimed and
crippled, can bear of a pleasant and profitable business by addressing P. O. Box
No. 45, Philadelphia. (Sample free for 25 cents.)
Printing-Press for Sale.
One Taylor Double Cylinder, five
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $3500.
Apply to HARPER & BROTHERS, 329
Pearl St., N.Y.
FOWLER'S ADDING MACHINE
should be used by all business men. As a proof in addition it is just the thing
needed. Will be found very useful in taking account of stock, and for all
tallying purposes. Price $5.00. State and County rights for sale. Descriptive
circular sent on receipt of stamp. Address G. B. FOWLER & CO. 37 Park Row, Room
21, N. Y., or Box 3213, Chicago, Ills.
Accordeons and Flutinas.—Best
quality, Busson make. 8 keys, $2.50; 10 keys, $3; 13 keys, $3.50; 8 1/2 key
(double), $4: 10 1/2 key (double), $5 to $7. Flutinas, $8 to $25. Sent by
Express to any part country. Musical Instruments repaired. FREDERICK BLUME, 208
Bowery, N. Y.
Are offering the cheapest, most
accurate, durable, and saleable Watches in the American market! They are the
sole consignees in this country for the celebrated
Magic Time Observers,
The Perfection of Mechanism!
Being a Hunting, or Open Face,
or Gentleman's Watch combined,
A most pleasing novelty. One of
the prettiest, most convenient, and decidedly the best and cheapest timepiece
for general and reliable use ever offered. It has within it and connected with
its machinery its own winding attachment, rendering a key entirely unnecessary.
The cases of this Watch are composed of two metals, the outer one being fine 16
carat gold. It has the improved ruby action lever movement, and is warranted an
accurate time-piece. Price, superbly engraved, per case of half dozen, $204.
Sample watches in neat morocco boxes, $35. If sent by mail, the postage is 36
cents; registering, 20 cents.
With Heavy Sterling Silver Cases,
Especially adapted for Army
The RAILWAY TIMEKEEPER has heavy
solid sterling silver cases, beautiful white enamel dial, handsome gold hands,
with superior regulated movement, warranted to run and keep excellent time!
Price, per case of half dozen, $60; by mail, $1.65 for postage. If registered,
20 cents additional. A safe delivery by mail guaranteed. Sold only by the case.
The RAILWAY TIMEKEEPER is also
furnished in hand-some silver plated cases, and in all other respects the same
as the silver ones, while in appearance they are fully equal. Price $48 per case
of six. Postage, $1.65. Registering, 20 cents. Sold only by the case. Our
importations are novelties produced by no other house, combining greater
accuracy as timekeepers, being more elaborately and artistically finished, and
offered at prices challenging competition from all other hands. The press in all
parts of the country voluntarily attest the superiority of our watches. Their
encomiums are emphatic, speaking directly to the point, in a manner not to be
misunderstood. "Particularly valuable for officers in the army, and
travelers."—Frank Leslie's, Feb. 21. "Prettiest, best, and cheapest time-pieces
ever offered." —N. Y. Illustrated News, Jan. 10. "Exceed other manufactures in
point of accuracy and elegance."—Phila. Army and Navy Gazette, May 9. An
improvement on ordinary timepieces, and invaluable for railroad men."—N. Y. Am.
Railroad Journal, Aug. 9. "Elaborately and artistically finished." — N. Y
Scottish American, July 30. "Combine great accuracy as timekeepers."—Pittsburg,
Pa., Chronicle, July 27. "Very pretty and durable watches for the army."—N. Y.
Army and Navy Journ. (Government organ), Aug. 29. "One of the oldest and most
reliable houses in business."—Louisville, Ky., Journal, July 31.
TERMS CASH; INVARIABLY IN
ADVANCE. No agents employed; buyers must deal directly with us. If money is sent
us by express or mail in a registered letter, it is at our risk! Orders will
meet the most prompt and faithful attention.
HUBBARD BROS., Sole Importers,
Broadway, cor. Courtlandt Street,
MALE AND FEMALE AGENTS AND
SALESMEN wanted everywhere— For many new, useful, and wonderful inventions,
in which they can make from $100 to $300 per month. On sending $5 we will
forward by express a case of samples which will sell for three times the sum.
Send stamp for circulars. GOODWIN & CO., 429 Broadway, offices 11 and 12.
desirous of collecting material for a history of the Army; and that each company
of the different regiments be correctly represented, we wish a commissioned
officer or the orderly of each Co. send us their address for free circular, or
25 cts. and receive copy of "Soldiers" Memorial," with instructions. M. E. Cole
& Co., 141 Main St.,Cincinnati, O. P.O. Box 1065
DROWNE & MOORE, Manufacturing
Jewelers, 208 Broadway, New York.
FRIENDS OP SOLDIERS!
All Articles for Soldiers at
Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union
troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway.
Sutlers charged low rates.
For the use of the Army and Navy,
Merchants, Druggists, and Business Men generally. These Printing Offices are now
extensively and profitably used throughout the States and Canadas, and are
considered indispensable by those who have given them a trial. The printing
press is simple and durable, and the printing material is of the best
manufacture. Full instructions for use accompany each office.
Press No. 1, 3x4 in.,
$10.00—OFFICE COMPLETE, $20.00 Press No. 2, 6x9 in., 15.00—OFFICE COMPLETE,
30.00 Press No. 3, 9x11 in., 20.00—OFFICE COMPLETE, 50.00 Press No. 4, 11x13
in., 25.00—OFFICE COMPLETE, 75.00 Press No. 5, 13x19 in., 30.00—OFFICE COMPLETE,
100.00 Circular sent free. Sheets of Type, Cuts, &c., 6 cents. Adams Press CO.,
31 Park Row, N. Y. AND ALSO FOR SALE BY CHASE & LEAVITT, 35 Lincoln Street,
OR SIGNS OF CHARACTER, and "How
to Read Them;" Physiology, the functions of the body; Phrenology, the organs of
the brain; Ethnology, the races of man; and Psychology, the science of the soul,
are given in the PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL. Vol. 38 commenced July. $1.50 a year.
Single number, 15 cents, by first post. FOWLER & WELLS, 308 Broadway, N. Y.
Five quires (120 sheets) nice
commercial note paper for 50 cents. Single quires, for a sample, 12 cents. 100
fine white envelopes, 50 cents. 100 buff do., 40 cents. All the above sent,
post-paid. Address GEO. K. SNOW & HAPGOOD, Pathfinder Office, Boston, Mass.