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Robert E. Lee Portrait
THE REPENTANT SAOUTH.
"Unless the errors of the past
are promptly retrieved,
the future holds no
promise."—From a Richmond Paper.
RETREEVE the errors ov the past?
Yure brother's blood is kallin,
From East and West, from Nawth
and Saouth, whare yu hev laid 'em low.
Kin yu stop the blood from loyal
hearts this verry minnit fallin—
Kin yu bring agin tu life the
gallant boys we used tu know?
Go tu the grave whare Baker lies—whare
Lyon is a-sleepin,
Go kall up the heroick three whu
fell in Baltimore!
Give back tu ev'ry home bereeved
the dear wuns in Death's keepin,
And wash the stain ov treeson
from orf Freedom's holy shore!
Oh! yu needn't say yu went tu war
withaout no friendly warnin,
We allays told yu, from the fust,
jest haow the thing wood be
Thet yu'd find yure "cap ov
freedum" was a fool's cap sum fine mornin,
And yu a preshus larfin-stock fur
awl the wurld tu see!
So yu reely hev begun tu think yu
was a bit mistaken
Tu open fire on Sumter's walls,
and tawk ov revolushun?
Yu'd rather not hev bin the fokes
aour Nawthmen tu awaken,
An' yu wish yu'd stood up
manfully fur the old Konstitushun?
Wa'al, I'm glad yu Suthern
rebbels are a kummin tu yure senses;
I'm glad to heer yu tawk abaout
"the errors ov the past"—
It's time yu hed begun to
overhawl yure vain pretenses,
And put away yure darlin sins: —
I hope the change 'll last!
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1863.
THE occupation of Chattanooga by
General Rosecrans; the capture of
Knoxville and Cumberland Gap by
General Burnside; the retreat southward of the
rebels in Virginia, and the consequent advance of the Army of the Potomac; the
steady progress of
General Gilmore toward the reduction of
Charleston; the development of Union feeling in Tennessee, Mississippi, and
Louisiana; the expulsion of the rebels from the greater part of Arkansas; the
departure of an expedition which will probably have the effect of clearing out
the insurgents from Texas, and firmly planting the
Stars and Stripes once more on the Rio Grande:
these are the events of the day, and it is not presumptuous to say that they
warrant very sanguine hopes of an early accomplishment of the National purpose
in the present conflict, and measurably set at rest the apprehensions which were
once entertained touching the issue of the struggle. On the other hand, the
triumph of the Union party by an overwhelming majority at the election in
Kentucky, and the still more overwhelming Union victory at the elections in
California and Maine, coupled with the indications of an equally decided
manifestation of loyal sentiment at the coming elections in Ohio, Pennsylvania,
and New York, may fairly be regarded as relieving us from the next greatest
danger, namely, divisions at home. On whichever side we look, in this country,
the symptoms are all favorable and the prospect serene.
The only remaining cloud which
overhangs the national horizon comes from abroad; and it must be admitted that
it is a cloud of formidable appearance.
The Emperor Napoleon is involved
in an enterprise in Mexico which, as he knows perfectly well, is so obnoxious to
the people of this country that nothing but the engrossing nature of the war in
which we are engaged prevents our resisting him with force of arms. Even now the
newspapers and the diplomatists are warning him that our first step after the
subjugation of the rebels will be to expel his troops from Mexico. The question
arises—will he wait till then? Or will he avail himself of our present helpless
position to secure a foothold in Mexico, and then intrench himself against our
future attack by an alliance with the Southern Confederacy? We know that Mr.
Slidell, the rebel envoy to Paris, has had several audiences of the Emperor
lately, and also that he has been closeted with the French Secretary of State.
Was it proposed at these interviews that a joint recognition should take
place—that of the rebel Confederacy by France, and that of the Mexican Empire by
the rebel Confederacy? If not, what is the purpose of the shower of pro-slavery
brochures that are being issued from the semi-official presses, seemingly for
the purpose of educating French opinion up to the slave-driving standard?
Of course, it is easy to see that
a recognition of the rebel Confederacy by France, involving
sooner or later a war with this
country, would be fraught with more evil for the French than it could yield
benefit. Indeed, it is hard to see what advantage the French could hope to reap,
under any circumstances, from so unnatural an alliance and so unnatural a war.
But the dangers which we can see in the enterprise may not be so clear to the
view of the Emperor; and even if they were, he has already involved himself in
an operation in Mexico out of which there is no possible escape without loss and
On the other side of the channel
our affairs look better, but still not very pleasant. Three iron-clad rams are
rapidly approaching completion, two on the Mersey, one on the Clyde. Every one
knows that they are for the service of the rebels, and that they are intended,
not to rob and burn defenseless merchant vessels, like the
Alabama and the Florida, but to bombard New
York and Boston, and to break the blockade at Mobile and Wilmington. Every one
in England, from the Queen downward, is perfectly aware of this fact. Yet the
Government pretends to discover some impediment in the way of executing the
Neutrality Law, and the Prime Minister, when urged to action by some few
Englishmen, who seem still to retain a sense of decency, actually justifies
himself by declaring that the British Government can not be coerced by foreign
menaces. Public journals which raved maniacally when Captain Craven watched the
Sumter off Southampton, and actually drove his ship to sea in a storm when he
desired to refit, now bellow to us across the water—"Why don't you send cruisers
here to look after Laird's iron-clads?"
It is so clearly the interest of
Great Britain not to establish a precedent which would some day react fatally
against herself, that, under ordinary circumstances, one might safely rely upon
these vessels being seized. The probability would seem to be that after some
more bluster against the Yankees by Lord Palmerston, and some more equivocation
by Lord Russell, the law will be carried out—not from any regard for us or for
fair dealing, but simply from a dread of future retribution in kind. Still it is
not always safe to calculate on the wise thing being done. The equipment of the
Alabama and the Florida was as great a mistake as England could have committed,
as she will discover when next she goes to war; yet they are both at sea,
burning our ships.
What, then, are we to do? Senator
Sumner has proved to us, within a week, in an oration of remarkable eloquence,
brimming with legal lore and apt precedent, that recognition is impossible, and
war is impossible; and if the Senator were Prime Minister of England and France,
instead of being Chairman of the Senate Committee of Foreign Affairs in this
country, his assurances would be very comforting. As it is, our policy is
clearly to prepare for the worst, and then, if it doesn't come, return thanks to
God for dangers escaped. But meanwhile we must push on the armies: on from
Chattanooga, on from Knoxville, on from
Culpepper, on to
Charleston, on to Texas, on to Mobile. We must
push on the draft too, and voluntary enlistments of every man—be he black,
brown, or white—who can carry a musket. If we have a million men in arms Europe
will respect us. We must, above all, push on the construction of iron-clads.
These are your best peace-makers and peace-keepers. There should be the keel of
an iron-clad in every dock-yard throughout the United States, and contracts made
for iron plates enough to shield the greatest navy in the world. With a million
bayonets and a hundred powerful iron-clads we shall be safe; otherwise, not.
THE PUBLIC FINANCES.
IN spite of the warnings of
foreigners the public credit of this country refuses to be destroyed, and the
people will not—blockheads that they are—understand that they are utterly
undone. One day last week
Mr. Chase borrowed another little sum of
$50,000,000 from the Banks. The whole thing was settled in about ten minutes;
and the only question which gave rise to any debate in the adjustment of the
details grew out of an unsuccessful attempt of the Banks to secure the privilege
of taking more loans at par.
The conversions of 5.20 Bonds—to
which we have drawn attention more than once—is utterly unexampled in financial
history. We are indebted to Messrs. Fisk and Hatch, who have sold most of the
Bonds, for the following interesting statistics on the subject:
The sales of Five-Twenties to
September 1, 1863, were as follows, viz.:
Through the Loan Agencies
Through the various
Total sale to September 1
The Secretary of the Treasury has
now completed arrangements for printing the Bonds in the Treasury Department.
New plates have been engraved, and new devices adopted to protect the Coupons
and the Bonds themselves against counterfeiting. The delay in delivering Bonds
during the month of August was necessarily occasioned by these preparations. Now
that they are completed, greater rapidity in the production of Bonds will
speedily follow, while the Bonds are produced at a reduced cost to the
Notwithstanding the late
excitement in the money market, and the advanced rates of interest, money was
freely offered at all times at six per cent. on Governments, and the demand for
Five-Twenties continued good: there
are indications at the Agencies
that the continued success of our arms will greatly increase the demand during
the next few weeks.
We continue to have considerable
inquiry for Five-Twenties for the foreign market. The German Banking-houses are
the principal buyers of Government Stock for shipment.
HOW SHALL WE VOTE?
A YEAR ago, in the last political
canvass in this State, this paper, which belongs to no party, and which aims
only at the sure and final salvation of the Government and country, strenuously
supported the nomination of General Wadsworth for Governor. It did so because it
saw that his success would be a bitter blow to the enemies of the country at
home and abroad, while that of his opponent would be hailed with joy in
Richmond, London, and the New York Hotel. This alone was a sufficient reason for
supporting the Union nominations of last year.
The logical consequence of the
success of a candidate who was acceptable to our enemies was the
riot of July. Ten days before the riot that
candidate, now Governor, had sneered at the National Government, and at the war
for suppressing rebellion, and had covertly threatened mob violence. The men and
papers that most strongly urged his election last year were the direct
instigators of the riot, by their fierce and wanton slanders of the Government,
and their incessant inflammatory appeals to the basest passions of the most
ignorant class. They declared that the
draft was an unconstitutional and unjust
measure, by which poor white men were to be dragged off and forced to fight to
free negroes. This was the ground taken by all the members of the party from the
Governor down. The wild and wicked riot that followed they called an uprising of
the people, and a great popular movement. The Richmond papers exulted. The
correspondent of the London Times announced that the civil war had reached New
York, and all the hostile French and English papers declared that our great and
vital successes in the field were neutralized by the outbreak in New York. On
the eve of the tumult, the Saturday before the Monday, when he knew that the
city was without troops, and when, according to his own statement, the danger of
trouble was so great that he had sent his Adjutant-General to Washington to beg
that the draft might be stopped, the Governor, whose election was hailed by the
foreign and domestic enemies of this country, went out of the State, was seven
times telegraphed for in vain on Monday, and did not appear until Tuesday noon,
when the first words of the chief magistrate of the State to the most cruel and
lawless ruffians were—"My friends."
Another election is at hand. The
same eager regard of friend and foe is turned upon it. The war still continues.
The question of national salvation is still pending. There is no technical party
issue whatever. How, then, will loyal men, who sincerely wish the absolute
triumph of the National Government, vote? There are as before two tickets. There
are as before two platforms or sets of resolutions. But resolutions are words,
and words adroitly used conceal things. One of those tickets is supported by the
most earnest hope of the Richmond papers, of the rebel leaders, of the men who
hate the Union and the Government. Its success would be hailed by
Davis and Toombs as a victory of theirs.
Davis's organ suggests the advance of Lee into Pennsylvania as a means of
strengthening the hearts and hands of those who support this ticket and of
securing its success. It is sustained by the sympathy of Vallandigham and of
every man in the Free States who wishes to see the rebellion triumph ; and it is
the ticket for which the Governor speaks and Fernando Wood and Benjamin his
brother incessantly work. The characters of the candidates upon the ticket are
not in question. They are but individuals, while the success of the ticket is
the success of the managers in this State, who are known to all loyal men as the
friends of the rebels.
There is another ticket, which is
hated as cordially at the New York Hotel as it is in Richmond, and the triumph
of which would fall upon the hearts of rebel sympathizers abroad as another
grand proof of the resolution of the country not to yield to its domestic nor to
please its foreign enemies. It would show the rebels that in our victory we were
resolved as firmly as in our disaster to suppress causeless rebellion utterly
and forever. And while thus it extinguished hope in rebel minds it would show
all loyal hearts in the land that the Empire State is as imperial in patriotism
as it is in power.
Every voter in the State must
support one of these tickets. Every voter in the land, also, sympathizes with
one or the other. Shall we vote as Davis and Vallandigham desire, or as the
unconditional maintenance of our free, just, and popular Government demands?
A JACKSONIAN DEMOCRAT SAYS.
ONE of the most extraordinary and
trenchant political works of the day is a letter lately published in the Boston
Journal by "a Jacksonian
Democrat," addressed to the Democrats of Massachusetts,
and written, as the Journal informs us, by a delegate to the late Worcester
Convention of Democrats who nominated a Webster Whig for Governor. This doctor
of the Jacksonian school of Democracy begins by a striking and brilliant picture
of the condition of Massachusetts. He concedes that it is truly great because it
is truly democratic, although by no means such in a party sense, and concludes
his summary by saying: "Yet nowhere on the continent so much as in the sincerely
and thoroughly democratic Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the
so sincerely and thoroughly despised." He asks why, and answers, "Because we
principles to follow our
leaders." "Because when South Carolina hated freedom, and honestly proclaimed
its hatred, we who hated slavery meanly pretended to like it."
The Jacksonian Democrat then
proceeds to a most scorching review of the consequences of this policy to "our
noble old Democratic party." He shows how it utterly degraded it; how "the scum
and the dregs of society were sluiced for years through the public offices into
the managing committees of the great political parties." "From the offscourings
of the public offices came our former leaders and their tools, the present
Breckinridge gang. Under various names they have played at government for us
during many years, and what they do not know about ruining a party or a country
is hardly worth considering." He continues: "Genuine Democracy no more resembles
the Democracy these men made us put up with than beef-steak resembles offal, or
than broadcloth resembles shoddy." "The Democracy we have had to put up with
displayed a masterly inactivity when a common man was to be benefited, but
worked with all the energy of delirium in the interest of any mongrel who had
been suckled by a negress." "This kind of Democracy produced the whole Abolition
agitation, and handled it from the very beginning with a savage stupidity." "The
Democracy we have had to put up with originated in the intellect of Mr. Calhoun,
and exasperates the bile of Mr. Jefferson Davis."
This terrible Delegate to the
Democratic Convention then sketches Calhoun and his influence. "He was the
deadliest foe Democracy has yet seen in America." "General Jackson was one of
the men who saw through him; and as the old hero was not able to fear him, he
sagaciously and patriotically hated him to the last—him, and his principles, and
his friends, and every thing that was his. On his death-bed he regretted that he
did not have him hung." The Jacksonian Democrat shows how Calhoun ruled his
party to ruin it and to divide the nation. He must have an "issue." "The tariff
had been exhausted, and would not answer. Slavery, he thought, would," "He would
have agitated the mule question just as soon if it had coincided with
geographical lines. And he could have united the South upon the mule question
just as well as upon the slave question, if he could have received the same help
on it from those Northern idiots whose subserviency continually encouraged him
in the 'fatal exercise of domineering talk!' " The disdainful pen of this
indignant Democrat then traces step by step the decline and fall of the party.
It "could not help growing conveniently and even inconveniently small [he speaks
of Massachusetts], when its whole duty and sole test was to 'damn a nigger.' I
think it lucky for the shoe business that their leading minds did not apply
their energies to that. If they had, they would have broken up every shoe-shop
in the United States in a year."
He proceeds to show that part of
the party under
Douglas revolted from these leaders; but that they now desire to
resume their leadership. He objects. He has always been a Democrat. He never
abandoned the name for "National" or any other. "I would like, with your
assistance, to have the use of it [the name] confined to those of us who have
never deserted or betrayed it. And I have a right to complain that while Mr.
Breckinridge and four hundred thousand of his party are murdering their
fellow-citizens in Virginia, some hundreds of them make use of my party name
while robbing orphan asylums and roasting negroes in New York." This Jacksonian
then continues: "On this point (if the newspapers report him correctly) I have
the misfortune to differ with the Honorable Fernando Wood. He thinks that no
Democrat can support a war against South Carolina in rebellion. Mr. Calhoun
thought so too. General Jackson, on the contrary, intended to hang Mr. Calhoun
the moment he attempted to put Mr. Wood's thought into practice. The General's
intention to execute a rebel may yet be carried out by some of his party, though
upon a different person—in corpore vili, as they say. And if Mr. Wood should
happen to be that person, his efforts to overtake the hangman have been so
strenuous, so indefatigable, and so meritorious, that it is impossible not to
wish him the fullest success."
The Jacksonian disciple continues
his scathing analysis of the fearful blundering of the usurping party leaders:
shows that they are "political menials of the breeding interest;" that "the
North has never broken any compromise of the Constitution," and they know it;
declares that he does ''not blame the South for breaking the Constitution, but
for denying that they broke it;" that he "despises
Mr. Seward for his want of
comprehension" in asserting a higher law of conscience instead of the highest
law of the public safety; criticises Southern "chivalry" and "gentility;"
exposes the hollow pretense of the opposition to slavery agitation at the North;
accuses the Southern Democrats of "meanly picking our pockets before they left
us;" declares that if they had remained the Administration could have been
checked; and "therefore I am compelled to say to them, that if the stream of
events should bear us on so far, I shall behold with much resignation the corpse
of the last rebel hanging in the chains of the last slave."
And this is a Jacksonian
Democrat, who is for the Government "actively and without conditions." O
conciliation! O fraternity! Which is the Democrat, this man or Vallandigham?
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.
IN his recent speech Mr. Sumner,
Chairman of the Foreign Committee of the Senate, has collected and condensed all
the flagrant instances of foreign hostility to us during the war, and has
enriched, with all the lights of history and precedent, his view of the
traditional foreign policy of Great Britain upon the subject of Slavery. His
speech is a clear statement of what ought to be, and what has been, the conduct
of European nations in questions of intervention. But our present interest is
more exclusively the question, what will be, and is, their conduct. (Next