General Meigs


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, February 13, 1864

Welcome to our online collection of Civil War Harper's Weekly newspapers. This collection presents you with a valuable source or original reports and illustrations of the War. Harper's was the prominent source of information for people during the war, and today is popular among collectors and researchers.

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Union Flag

Union Flag

King Cotton

King Cotton Poem



Mobile Siege

Mobile Siege


Sanitary Commission Work

Sannitary Commission

Pictures of the Sanitary Commission


General Meigs


Mobile Blockade










FEBRUARY 13, 1864.]





THE turmoil of the busy world

May sweep across my path,

And storms may come, with seeming power,

To crush me in their wrath;

Yet recollections of the past,

And of our friendship true,

Shall forge a firm, unyielding chain

To bind my heart to you.


And when in after-years you read

Each page of Memory's book,

I would not wish my name might be

In some neglected nook;

But ask that when life's noon is past,

And wanes its sunshine brief,

Within that volume I may claim

One bright, unsullied leaf.


GENERAL M. C. MEIGS, whose portrait we here give, was born in Georgia. He was appointed to West Point from Pennsylvania, in 1832, and was graduated at that institution in 1836, ranking the fifth in his class, and receiving the appointment of Second Lieutenant First Artillery. In November of the same year he was transferred to the Corps of Engineers. He was promoted to a First Lieutenant of Artillery October 18, 1838. Genreal Meigs was for some time overseer of the works involved in the extension of the Capitol at Washington, in the exercise of which duty his taste was no less judicious than his skill. He also superintended the construction of the Potomac Aqueduct, in which he planned an arch which is said to be the largest arch of a single span in the world. At the beginning of the war he resigned his position as First Lieutenant, and was appointed Quarter-master of the Army. At present he is detailed by the Secretary on inspection duty in the West.


OUR readers will be interested to know something about the two Indian Chiefs, IRATABA and ANTONIO AZUL, the most powerful of all the chieftains


west of the Rio Grande, whose portraits we give on this page. Irataba left San Francisco on the 23d of January, for a visit to Washington and New York. He is chief of the Mojaves—the great tribe of the Colorado Valley—and is the finest specimen of the unadulterated aboriginal on this continent. He rules over several subordinate tribes with an iron hand. He is fifty-five years old, six feet in height, has a magnificent bodily presence, and an amount of physical strength which enables him to march fifty miles a day through the burning lands of Arizona. The only thing which has yet excited an expression of wonder in his travels was the sight of a school of whales on his way to San Francisco. Antonio Azul, the ally of Irataba, is head chief of the Pimos of the Gila, and furnishes a striking contrast to Irataba. His face betokens a frank and amiable disposition. His tribe is very intelligent, and numbers 6000 men. The costume of the sketch is that commonly worn by the tribes from the Rio Grande to the Colorado.


THIS vast hotel, a view of which appears on page 100, is the work of an association, incorporated in 1855 under the style of "Laclede Hotel Company." The name was derived from Pierre Ligueste Laclede, the city's founder, who planted a colony on its site one hundred and seventeen years ago, under the protection of France. Not far from the time of laying the foundations in 1857, the name was changed by Legislative enactment to "Lindell Hotel," in compliment to the brothers Jesse G. Lindell and Peter Lindell, who were large contributors to the enterprise. Both of the brothers are now dead—the latter dying less than a year since at the age of eighty-six. The company proceeded unremittingly with their task, first under the Presidency of Derrick A. January, and then under that of Levin H. Baker. After a lapse of seven years they saw their Herculean labor completed. Mr. Thomas Walsh, who was the architect in chief, besides drawing upon the ample resources of his own skill, visited Europe for the purpose of examining the plans of the most celebrated foreign hotels. His researches decided him to adopt and combine the shops and courts of Italian and French models with the vestibule system of England.

The main front looks southward and lies on Washington Avenue; on the east side runs Sixth Street, on the west Seventh Street, and on the north Green Street. The design is Italian, of the Venetian school, and the building is of very substantial nature, being constructed of brick, iron, and stone. The hotel consists of two parallel buildings, extending east and west the length of the whole front, with

a space of forty-five feet between them, and connected only in the centre, and both extremes by wing buildings running north and south, and leaving between thorn two courts, one of which is to be used for a gentleman's recreation, and the other for a lady's conservatory. While the outer connecting buildings and the eastern flank extend to the full depth of the lot, the space that would be occupied by the western flank has been reserved for the erection of a theatre, to connect with the building. The principal or southern front is divided into five compartments, on its base line, the centre and both extreme divisions forming projections, and the two receding divisions forming on the first and second stories colonnades between them. The three principal elevators on the ground-floor are supported by columns, imposts, and arches, forming a continuous arcade around the three fronts, imparting strength to the building and allowing sufficient light for the shops and basements. The pedestals of these columns extend down to the basement floor, and are supported by inverted arches.The Lindell is six stories high exclusive of attic and basement, both which are equivalent to nearly two stories more. The height from sidewalk to cornice is one hundred and twelve feet. The stone used (rich cream-colored magnesian limestone) is from the Grafton quarries, not far above the mouth of the Illinois River. The east and south 

fronts are of this stone, and show much elaborate carving. The north and west fronts are faced with brick, ornamented by cut-stone window trimmings.

The basement extends under the entire structure, courts and sidewalks, and comprises the following: The laundry, five rooms, a general linen-room, connected by steam-elevators with the distributing-rooms on each story. The baker and pastry-cook have each two rooms; the butcher and fish-monger have one large room each; the grocer and green-grocer have one room each; there are twelve large wine-vaults and six coal-vaults. The steam-engine and the boiler are outside the building. There are, moreover, two dining-rooms for the hotel help and those of the guests of the house, and a large saloon, 93 by 64 feet, to be used as a general bath-room. There are other rooms of minor importance in the basement. Entering the first story from Washington Avenue, the guest finds himself in a vestibule which has a variegated marble floor, with columns supporting a handsomely frescoed ceiling. In the courts in the eastern and western parts of the ground-floor are to be separate colonnades for both sexes, ornamented with beautiful fountains, evergreens, etc. On the same floor is the saloon, the billiard-room, public and private offices, baggage-rooms, coat-room, wash-rooms, water-closets, and vaults.

Encircling the public offices are thirty-six commodious shops and stores connectingwith the interior of the house by a walk all around the rear doors. These shops will be leased to all kinds of dealers, railway companies, etc. Leaving the large vestibule, the guest can ascend to the right or left of the main entrance to the second story, which is reached by two grand staircases, running up the entire height of the building. This story is divided into public and private parlors, reading and writing rooms, ante-rooms, club rooms, etc., all spacious, lofty, and magnificently furnished throughout. The gentlemen's public reception-room is located over the main entrance, and is thirty-five by twenty-five feet. The dining-rooms are on this floor.

The third story is divided into sixteen suits of rooms for the accommodation of family parties. Each suit comprises three or more rooms—a parlor, bedroom, wash and bath room, closets. There are also on this floor over fifty single bedrooms for the accommodation of transient guests and boarders who have no families.

The fourth, fifth, and sixth stories are divided into suits of three or more rooms and single rooms. The rooms are all very large, well lighted, ranging in size from thirteen by sixteen feet to thirty-one by twenty-five—connected by spacious corridors twelve feet wide by sixteen to twenty feet high, with triple windows (nearly the width of the halls) at their extremities, give good ventilation, aided by twenty patent ventilators through the roof. There is not a single dark room in the whole building.

The whole building, faking it from basement to attic, has 530 rooms. Those of public character are numerous and capacious beyond those of any other hotel edifice on the continent.

The parlors are eighteen or twenty in number, the whole second story front being one continuous range, and adding


those on the sides, the house has a parlor range of more than one hundred yards. The furnishing of these parlors is as rich as befits the general character of the edifice, consisting of Axminster, Brussels, and English velvet carpets; brocatelle, satin damask, and lace curtains; rosewood, walnut, and gilt mirrors; chairs, and sofas, generally of Elizabethan, Louis XIV., and other renaissant styles.

The bricks laid on the walls would be sufficient to pave an area of more than thirty-eight acres. There are 740 tons of cast and wrought iron, 27 acres of plastering, 810 windows, 650 inside doors. The plate-glass would cover an acre of ground, the floors seven acres. The sheeting, or wash-boards, laid in a continuous line, would reach thirteen miles. Besides the marble flooring and other flagging, 300,000 feet of flooring boards have been laid, requiring 30,000 yards of carpet to cover them. There are 32 tons of sash-weights, 16,000 feet of gas-pipe, 120,000 pounds of lead and 30,000 of iron pipe for water, 87,700 feet of steam-pipe for heating it, and 32 miles of bell-wire. The actual cost of the building is $950,000, which, with the ground (valued at $326,400), makes the whole value $1,276,400—not to speak of furniture, $200,000 worth of which is now being imported and put in. So the house, fully completed and furnished, will cost nearly a million and a half of dollars!

The lessees who have undertaken the task of conducting this gigantic establishment are Messrs. JOHN H. SPARR and JOHN C. PARKS. Both have long been known in the West as accomplished hosts, and had previously been associated together in the proprietorship of hotels in St. Louis. The "Lindell" was formally inaugurated on the 25th of November by a grand "Opening Ball." Nearly three thousand persons, from quite half the States of the Union were present. There were five orchestras, to whose music 120 sets, or 700 dancers, occupied the floor at a time. The whole affair was most successfully conducted, and furnished a fitting prelude to the opening of the largest and most magnificent hotel in tile country, and the largest in the world, with the possible exception of the Hotel de la Paix, of Paris.


I WOULD not be the rose that blooms

Where gay parterres are spread,

Nor yet the rosy wreath that twines

Round beauty's graceful head.


No! let me be the rose that wins

A glance and smile from thee

When none are by, thy beating heart,

Thy blushing cheek, to see:

Long treasured for the giver's sake,

When nature's charms are past;

And claiming still, though dry and sere,

A fond look to the last.



General Meigs
Mojave Chief
Pimos Chief




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