Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) water or emptied." We believe M. Olivier has sold our French
friend, and think that if our fleet has nothing to contend with more formidable
than the invention of Mr. Anstilt it will not suffer much damage.
THE MOONLIGHT LONG AGO.
You love me well, I know, wife,
In spite of frown and toss;
In the moonlight long ago, wife,
You didn't look so cross.
In your little scarlet cloak,
You tripped along the moss,
And all at once I spoke, dear,
Though sadly at a loss.
You hung your pretty head then,
And answered very low;
I scarce knew what you said then,
But I knew it wasn't "no."
My joy I couldn't speak, love,
But a hundred times or so
I kissed a velvet cheek, love,
In the moonlight long ago.
THE latest reports from England
bring us an account of a new gun, of extraordinary dimensions, weighing no less
than 22 1/2 tons. This enormous bit of artillery has been built by Sir William
the auspices of the British Government, and has been lately tested off
Shoeburyness. A sketch of the gun will be found on page 76. It has been built,
we say; for a piece of this size could not possibly have been forged as a whole.
The principle upon which it is constructed is that the greatest strain comes at
the breech; and in accordance with this principle, the immense weight is
distributed, by means of laminal cylinders of different lengths, as seen in the
illustration. This has been the principle involved in all Armstrong guns; the
novel feature in this one being that it carries a six hundred pound shot, and is
so wisely distributed as to its weight that it is only four feet longer than the
300-pounder, although it is more than twice as heavy. Not only is the gun made
up of cylinders, one inclosing another, but each particular cylinder is composed
of several small rings, or coils, of iron welded together lengthwise. The
outward layers are turned without and within, and are subjected to a great heat
when they are fitted over the interior cylinders, and, cooling, contract with
such force of pressure as to be most compactly welded together. The gun is
rifled with ten grooves, and to secure the rotation of the shot the latter has
upon its surface ten rows of studs fitting into these grooves; the bore being 13
3-10ths inches in diameter. It is proposed to carry guns of this description on
iron-clad war-vessels, and if it should be found practicable, it would
necessitate a complete revolution in the defensive armor of ships of war, as no
vessel in existence could withstand the effect of the 600-pound steel shot. The
practicability of their use for this purpose is, however, extremely doubtful, as
in a heavy gale very much smaller guns are frequently displaced. But for harbor
and coast defenses this enormous war engine is of the greatest value and
perfectly available. Its possible range, at an elevation of 10 degrees, is over
four thousand yards, the charge being 70 pounds of powder. If we compare our own
progress in naval armament with that made by the British, we shall find that a
preference has been always given by us to cast-iron guns, small charges, and
heavy shot at low velocities; while in England steel guns are preferred, with
high charges and light shot, at excessive velocities. Twenty-inch guns have,
however, been constructed in this country capable of carrying a 1000-pound shot,
but these have been found, as probably this new 600-pounder will be, unavailable
except for harbor and coast defense.
LAUNCH OF THE "MINOTAUR."
page 76 we give an illustration representing
the launch of the English iron-clad screw steamship Minotaur from the yard of
the Thames Iron Works and Ship-building Company, in England. The English have
three ships of this class, the other two not yet launched. The Minotaur is the
largest ship of war afloat, being 450 feet long and 59 feet wide, and carries 50
guns. Her armor-plates on the waist are 5 1/2 inches thick, and 4 1/2 toward the
head and stern. There are two features worthy of attention about this vessel.
One is, that running all along each side she has what are called "wing
passages," 42 inches wide, and corresponding with the height between decks. The
wings are again divided into small water-tight compartments, so that in the
event of a shot passing through the outer skin of the ship the water from the
leak will be confined to its compartment. Another noteworthy feature is an
arrangement by which several hundred tons of water may be admitted into these
compartments, the effect being to steady the vessel in action. The total weight
of the vessel when completed will be 10,000 tons; yet it is expected that she
will make 14 knots an hour. Notwithstanding the immense size of this vessel, it
still seems to us that she would be no match for one of our Monitors, which,
although they only carry two guns, yet by their revolving turrets are enabled to
shift their fire continually. And then it must be remembered that the latter
present very little vulnerable surface, being only 18 inches above the water,
and their turrets only about 25 feet in diameter. The Minotaur, on the other
hand, has an immense surface, which, if she were put in the situation of our
Monitors at Charleston, would have surely given way at some point, and caused
the ship to sink. These massive ships, carrying large armaments, are far less
available for all the exigencies of offensive or defensive warfare than the
turreted iron-clads of a less size. The English have no iron-clads with
revolving turrets as yet, but we think that these represent thus far the highest
result of naval skill and efficiency.
MORTON'S GOLD PENS are now
sold at the same prices as before the commencement of the war; this is entirely
owing to the Manufacturer's improvements in machinery, his present large Retail
Business and Cash-in-Advance System; for, until he commenced advertising, his
business was done on Credit and strictly with the Trade.
The Morton Gold Pens are the only
ones sold at old prices, as the makers of all other gold pens charge the Premium
on the Gold, Government Tax, &c.; but Morton has in no case changed his prices,
Wholesale or Retail.
Of the great numbers sent by mail
to all parts of the world during the past few years, not one in a thousand has
failed to reach its destination in safety; showing that the Morton Gold Pen can
be obtained by any one, in every part of the world, at the same price, postage
Reader, you can have an enduring,
always ready, and reliable Gold Pen, exactly adapted to your hand and style of
writing, which will do your writing vastly cheaper than Steel Pens; and at the
present almost universal High-Pressure Price of everything, you can have a
Morton Gold Pen cheaper, in proportion to the labor spent upon it and material
used, than any other Gold Pen in the World. If you want one, see "The Pen is
Mightier than the Sword," in next column.
were understood, few families
would be without
SO GREAT A
REMEDY IN THE HOUSE.
This medicine is a certain cure
for Small-Pox, and no person having that terrible disease should for a moment
delay their use. Authenticated cures will be furnished all who desire by
application at the principal office, Brandreth House, New York.
A lady of 56 was out of health
generally; no food agreed with her—always violent pain in the stomach after
eating. All the remedies she took did her no good, until at last she took
Brandreth's Pills for a few days together, then rested for a few days.. This
method she followed for three months, which restored her health completely.
A young lady was obliged to leave
school because of a constant severe pain in the region of the heart when she
read aloud or spoke, or went up stairs or walked quickly. Her case was nearly a
fatal one, by the remedies employed, of which bleeding was one. But at length
she used Brandreth's Pills, which in one year cured her, and now her health is
TUMOR OF THE NECK CURED.
A young gentleman had a tumor on
the side of his neck, which had been years in coming. It was pronounced a
cancer. Dr. Brandreth expressed the opinion that perseverance with his Pills
would cure it. They were used according to the printed instructions which
accompany each box, and soon the tumor began to give way. In a little over one
year, they cured it perfectly, and the gentleman can not now be surpassed for
health and vigor.
Is it any wonder BRANDRETH'S
PILLS are so largely patronized?
Principal Office, Brandreth
House. Sold also at No. 4 Union Square, and by all Dealers. Get new style.
Short-Hand without a Master,
By which the art of taking down
Sermnso, Lectures, Speeches, Trials, &c., may be attained in a few hours. 49th
edition, with a supplement, sent, post-paid, on receipt of 25 cents., RICHARD
PARKER & CO., cor Ann and Nassau Streets, New York.
"LOVE, COURTSHIP, AND MARRIAGE."
— All, born to love, and to be Loved. Mistakes, Unhappy Marriages, The Remedy,
Love—signs, in the face. Secret of Beauty. A Woman's Experience. Falling in
Love. To improve the Complexion—with numerous illustrative Portraits—in Jan.
Double No. PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL. The first of a new vol. Only 15 cts. Or $1.50
a year. FOWLER & WELLS, N. Y.
American Needle Co., J. W.
Broadway, N. Y.
Needle Manufacturers for all
the Sewing Machines.
BARTLETT'S BURNISHED HAND
NEEDLE.. HACKLE, GILL, COMB, CARD PINS, &c., &c.
"BARTLETT'S BURNISHED NEEDLES are
a wonderful improvement over others for SEWING MACHINE or HAND SEWING. Try
sample 250, any sizes, for 50 c., free by mail"—MME. DEMOREST.
"RIDGEWOOD" PATENT SMOKING CASE.
Most ingenious in its combination
of the Metallic Case, containing Pipe and Stem, Matches and Pipe Cleaner, with a
handsome Tobacco Pouch attached, filling the Pipe by a valve, without use of the
fingers or waste of Tobacco, the whole securing freedom from all odor, and
portable as a Cigar Case. It is made for service, of various styles, at $1.50,
$2.00, $2.25, $2.50, and $3.00 to $3.75 and $5.00; the two latter richly plated
and engraved. Nothing can excel its Comfort, Utility, and Economy for all
Smokers, at HOME or ABROAD, in the ARMY and NAVY. As a Present to Friends, as a
GIFT FROM THE LADIES, nothing could be more acceptable. FOR THE SOLDIER OF ALL
RANKS, in Camp or on the March, IT IS INVALUABLE. Large Orders, with
commendation from all points IN THE ARMY, daily attest this fact. Single cases
sent by mail, paid on receipt of price, and 25 cents.
SKATERS will appreciate this
Also, The Ridgewood Smoking
Of superior quality and flavor,
in packages to fill the pouch (about a week's smoking, $2.25 per doz.), and
larger sizes for the General Trade. SMOKERS, DEALERS, and SUTLERS invited to
call and examine these Goods. Circulars sent on order. A LIBERAL DISCOUNT to
A half-pound Package of this fine
Tobacco, full weight, sent (carefully put up) by mail, postage paid, on receipt
of $1.25. All Orders receive prompt attention.
RIDGEWOOD MANUFACTURING CO.,
OFFICE 429 BROADWAY, cor. Howard
Street, N. Y.
Diamond Parlor Watches,
In Round and Slide Boxes,
66 Courtlandt Street, N. Y.
"THE PEN IS MIGHTIER THAN THE
THE GOLD PEN—THE BEST OF ALL
MORTON'S GOLD PENS,
THE BEST PENS IN THE WORLD.
On receipt of any of the
following sums in Cash, the Subscriber will send by return mail, or otherwise,
as directed, a Gold Pen or Pens—selecting the same according to description,
GOLD PENS WITHOUT CASES.
For 25 cents, the Magic Pen; for
38 cents, the Lucky Pen; for 50 cents, the Always-Ready Pen; for 75 cents, the
Elegant Pen; and for $1, the Excelsior Pen.—These Pens are not numbered, but
correspond in sizes to numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 respectively.
THE SAME PENS IN SILVER-PLATED
CASES, WITH PENCILS.
For 50 cents, the Magic Pen; for
75 cents, the Lucky Pen; for $1, the Always-Ready Pen; for $1.25, the Elegant
Pen; and for $1.50, the Excelsior Pen.
These are Well-Finished,
Good-Writing Gold Pens, with Iridosmin Points, the average wear of every one of
which will far outlast a gross of the best Steel Pens; although they are
unwarranted, and, therefore, not exchangeable.
MORTON'S WARRANTED PENS.
The name "A. Morton," "Number,"
and "Quality," are stamped on the following Pens, and the points are warranted
for six months, except against accident. The Numbers indicate size only:
No. 1 being the smallest, No. 6 the largest, adapted for the pocket; No. 4 the
smallest, and No. 10 the largest Mammoth Gold Pen, for the desk. Long and Medium Nibs of all sizes
and qualities. Short Nibs of Numbers 4, 5, 6, and 7, and made only of first
quality. The Long and Short Nibs are fine
pointed; the Medium Nibs are Broad, Coarse Business points. The engravings are
fac-similes of the sizes and styles.
GOLD PENS, WITHOUT CASES.
For $0.75 a No. 1 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.00 a No. 2 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.25, a No. 3 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.50, a No. 4 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.75, a No. 5 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $2.25, a No 6 Pen; $2.75 a
No. 7 Pen; $3.25 a No. 8 Pen; $4 a No. 9 Pen; $5 No. 10 Pen—all 1st quality.
THE SAME GOLD PENS, IN SILVER
CASES, WITH PENCILS.
For $1.50 a No. 1 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.75, a No. 2 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 2 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $2.00, a No. 3 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $2.50 a No. 4 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $3.00, a No. 5 Pen, 1st
quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $3.50, a No. 6 Pen, 1st
GOLD PENS, ALL FIRST QUALITY, IN
SILVER-MOUNTED DESK HOLDERS.
For $2.00 a No. 4 Pen; for $2.25
a No. 5 Pen; for $2.75 a No. 6 Pen; for $3.50 a No. 7 Pen. For $4.09 a No. 8 Pen; for $5 a
No. 9 Pen; and for $6 a No. 10 Pen. The "1st Quality" are pointed
with the very best Iridosmin Points, carefully selected, and none of this
quality are sold with the slightest imperfection which skill and the closest
scrtiny can detect. The "2d Quality" are superior to
any Pens made by him previous to the year 1860. The "3d Quality" he intends shall
equal in respect to Durability, Elasticity and Good Writing Qualities (the only
true considerations) any Gold Pens made elsewhere. In regard to the Cheap Gold Pens,
he begs leave to say that, previous to operating his New and Patented Machines,
he could not have made as Good Writing and Durable Pens, for the price, had the
Gold been furnished gratuitously. Parties ordering must in all
instances specify the "Name" or the "Number" and "Quality" of the Pens wanted,
and be particular to describe the kind they prefer—whether stiff or limber,
coarse or fine. All remittances sent by mail in
registered letters are at my risk: and to all who send twenty cents (the charge
for registering), in addition to the price of goods ordered, I will guaranty
their safe delivery. Parties sending Gold or Silver
will be allowed the full premium on the day received.
TO CLUBS. —A discount of 10 per
cent. will be allowed on sums of $12, of 15 per cent. on $24, and of 20 per
cent. on $40, if sent to one address at one time.
Address, A. MORTON, No. 25 Maiden Lane, New
Beware the Northeaster.
SAVE ONE HALF THE FUEL; exclude
COLD, WIND, RAIN, and DUST from DOORS and WINDOWS. LOCAL AGENTS WANTED EVERY
WHERE. Address THE PATENT METALLIC WEATHER STRIP CO., 644 Broadway, N. Y.
NOW READY. THE ILLUSTRATED
PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 40 Engravings, Portraits of Gen. BANKS, Lyndhurst,
Beautiful Women, Egyptian Mummies, Sioux Indians in a Scalping Dance, Wild Men,
and Beast Children. Babes nursed by the Wolf. Dreams, their Significance,
Physiognomy, or Signs of Character, Love, Courtship and Marriage, in the Jan.
No. Phrenological Journal, 15 cents by first post. Address FOWLER & WELLS, 308
Elliot's New Repeaters
Are now ready. The most safe,
compact, durable, effective, sure, and reliable Revolvers made. Carry large
balls (No. 32 cartridge), are rapidly loaded and fired—conveniently carried in
the vest—whole length five inches—four barrrels—each rifled gain twist. The
ELLIOT ARMS CO., 494 Broadway, N.
New Corps Pin.
We can now offer to Officers and
all members of the Army our new style Corps Pin, in Fine Gold Plate, richly
enameled and chased, with the Corps designation in Fine Inlaid Enamel in
Division colors, being the richest, neatest, and finest Pin ever offered. Mailed
free for One Dollar. GEO. DEMERIT & CO., Jewelers, 303 Broadway, N. Y.
ALL ARTICLES FOR SOLDIERS
At Baltimore, Washington, and all
places occupied by Union troops, should be sent by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74
Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.
NATIONAL BATTLE PINS.
Red, White and Blue,
AGENTS will be furnished at Six
Dollars per dozen. The Emblems are raised, and the Pin about the thickness of a
two shilling piece.
UNITED STATES NAVY
Agents wanted. Every Monitor in
the Navy represented.
LOUIS PHILIP & CO., 609 Broadway,
Hoyt's Hiawatha Hair
Restorative.—Superior to every other preparation for the hair in power to
restore faded and gray hair to its original color and natural appearance, to
prevent it from falling out, to overcome effects of previous use of preparations
containing sulphur, sugar of lead, &c., and to remove the impurities and humors
of the scalp. Invaluable dressing for whiskers.
HOYT'S MINNEHAHA HAIR GLOSS,
unexcelled in keeping the hair in
HOYTS IMPERIAL COLORING CREAM,
oils and colors the hair at the
same time; changes light and red hair to a beautiful brown or black.
HOYT'S EXCELSIOR TOILET POWDER,
imparts beauty to the complexion,
smoothness to the skin, and preserves youthfulness of appearance. Sold
everywhere. JOSEPH HOYT & CO., 10 University Place.
$50 for $20.
SOLDIERS IN THE ARMY.
For $20 we will forward by mail
or express, pre-paid, the following list of Fine Gold-Plated Jewelry:—4 Vest
Chains, 12 Gent.'s Seal Rings, 3 Gold Pens and Extension Holders, 6 Vest Hooks,
4 Fancy Watch Keys, 12 Bosom or Scarf Pins, 4 pair Sleeve Buttons, 3 Box and
Glass Pins for Miniatures, 3 Double Glass Lockets, and 3 Cluster Stone Pins.
Address THOMAS CAFFERTEY & CO., Providence, R. I.
Printing-Press for Sale.
One Taylor Double Cylinder, five
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $3500.
Apply to HARPER & BROTHERS, 329
Pearl St., N.Y.
TO PHYSICIANS AND INVALIDS.
The Rev. CHARLES E. KING,
formerly Secretary to the London Evangelical Alliance, and recently connected,
as resident Minister and Physician, with the Venezuelean Mission, will send Free
of Cost the Prescription with which he successfully treated, while in charge of
the large Mission Hospital, upward of one hundred cases of CONSUMPTION in the
first, second and third stages.
The remedy is equally adapted to
the treatment of Asthma, Catarrh. Bronchitis, and all affections of the Lungs,
Throat, and Air-Passages; while it speedily invigorates the enfeebled NERVOUS
SYSTEM, and energizes the deranged functions of the Stomach, Liver, and Bowels.
Address, with stamp,
Rev. CHARLES E. KING,
Station D, Bible House, New York.
P. S.—I wish publicly to
acknowledge the generosity of those publishers who, from a sense of humanity,
have given this advertisement gratuitous insertion. Religious papers are
earnestly requested to copy.
Short-Hand without a Master by
which the art of taking down Sermons, Lectures, Speeches, Trials, &c., may be
attained in a few hours. 49th edition, with a supplement. Sent, post-paid, on
receipt of 25 cents, by
RICHARD PARKER & CO.,
Cor. Ann and Nassau Streets, New
HARPER & BROTHERS
Have just published:
CHARLES DICKENS'S NEW CHRISTMAS
STORY. MRS. LIRRIPER'S LODGINGS. Thirty-Second Thousand. 8vo, Paper, 10 cents.