Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
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Robert E. Lee
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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Indian village, a form of life now rapidly
disappearing from the earth, may be truly called a historic landscape. It is the
curtained continent, with its sublime natural forms and its rude savage human
life ; nor do we recall any work in which the subject is so strikingly
presented. It is an extremely interesting picture, stimulating the imagination
and satisfying curiosity. And unlike Mr. CHURCH'S pictures of the equatorial
mountain scenery of America, which from their volcanic and tropical character,
however luxuriant, yet forbid hope and leave an impression of profound sadness
and desolation, this work of BIERSTADT'S inspires the temperate cheerfulness and
promise of the region it depicts, and the imagination contemplates it as the
possible seat of supreme civilization.
It is a most interesting pendant
to the " Lake George" of Mr. KENSETT. And who now will undertake the Prairie and
the Mississippi Valley with the same thoughtful skill ; or the bayous of the
Gulf and the Everglades ? Are not these, also, the kind of picture which should
adorn the Capitol ?
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
WHAT horn produces the most
discordant music ?—The drinking horn.
A romantic young man says that a
woman's heart is like the Moon—it changes continually, but always has a man in
A matter-of-fact philosopher
asserts that " Love is to domestic life what butter is to bread—it possesses
Iittle nourishment in itself, but gives substantials a grand relish, without
which they would be hard to swallow."
Two countrymen went into a
hatter's to buy one of them a hat. They were delighted with the sample, inside
the crown of which was inserted a looking-glass. "What is the glass for ?" said
one of the men. The other, impatient at such a display of rural ignorance,
exclaimed : " What for ? why for the man who buys the hat to see how it fits
A girl, hearing the lady of the
house, at dinner, ask her husband to bring Donabey and Son with him when he came
home to tea, laid two extra plates on the supper-table for the supposed
"How many years have you been
dumb?" said a gentleman to an Irish beggar. "Five years, plase your honor,"
answered the mendicant, completely taken off his guard by the question.
The youth who stole a kiss has
been discharged on condition that he will not embrace another opportunity.
The bellman of Watertown, in
announcing a temperance meeting, said it would be addressed by six women " who
had never spoken before."
Voltaire says : " A physician is
an unfortunate gentleman who is every day called upon to perform a miracle to
reconcile health with intemperance."
"'Wanted, expert needle-women to
make babies' bodies! Well, that beats all!" exclaimed Mrs. Partington, throwing
down the newspaper in which, during the last fifteen minutes, she had been
spelling out the advertisements, and peering indignantly over her spectacles
across the breakfast-table at Ike, who was busily occupied in excavating his
fourth egg-shell. "Did ever any body hear the likes! I always said it was as
good as tellin' Natur' she didn't know how to do her own work when they
instructed steam-rams and donkey-engines. But this imposterous idea of makin'
slop-work babies is enough to make the poor thing throw down her tools and shut
up shop altogether. Mark my words, Ike—them sewin'-machines will be pressed into
this 'ere new-fangled business afore long ; and then all the emigratin' in the
world won't be able to keep down the surplice poppylation."
Charles Lamb's opinion of the
water-cure: "It is neither new nor wonderful, for it is as old as the deluge,
when, in my opinion, it killed more than it cured."
In spite of the ill-founded
contempt which Dr. Johnson professed to entertain for actors, he treated Mrs.
Siddons with great politeness ; and when she called on him in Bolt Court, and
his servant could not immediately provide her with a chair, he said, " You see,
madam, wherever you go there are no seats to be got."
CAUGHT A TARTAR.
"Have you any first-rate
servant-girls for the kitchen? I want one that can mind her own business and
attend to her work." Jones asked the question of a registry-office keeper.
"Oh yes," said the proprietor,
any quantity; let me show you one."
Jones is at once introduced to a
daughter of the Emerald Isle, and is greeted with,
"An' does yer want a servant?"
"Yes," says Jones.
"How many have yer in yer family
And hev yer hot and cold water?"
"How many children hev yer? Do
yer make yer girls wash Sundays? Is the church far away ?"
All these questions, with about
fifty more, were answered heroically by Jones, when he thought it about time to
take the laboring oar himself.
" You look," says Jones, "like a
pretty nice girl; but I want to ask you one question. Do you play the piano?"
"Then," says Jones, blandly, "
you won't answer my turn."
And away went the astonished
Celt, feeling that she for once had caught a Tartar.
A pretender to science seriously
maintained, one day in company, that the sun did not make a revolution round the
world, either real or apparent; but that, having performed its journey from east
to west, it cane back again to be in readiness against morning, " How is it,
then," it was asked, "that we never see it on its return ?" "Because the journey
is performed by night," he gravely replied.
When you see a man's likeness in
a photographic album, it is a clear proof that he has been "taken off" with a
stroke of the sun.
A photographic friend of ours,
returning from giving a lady of high rank lessons in the art-science, and having
a lens and camera in his hand, paused at the corner of a vehicle crowded street,
awaiting an opportunity of crossing the, road. Beside him stood a coster-monger,
selling fruit in a barrow. "Been a forty-graphin', Sir?" inquired the
fruit-vendor. "Why, yes, I have,
my good fellow," reemed our friend. "Ah," responded the coster-monger, with a
mournful shake of his greasy cap and dirty head, "I was a fortygraphy wunce, I
wos! I had a place down et King's Cross, and I tooked a deal of money wunce ;
but hit falled off, yer see, Sir; there's sich a lot on 'em now ! that's why I
gived hit up." "Indeed!" ejaculated our
friend, with a smile, as he
thought of the amateur photographer he had just left, and the brother in the art
then addressing him. "Yes, " continued he of the barrow, "it ain't wot it used
to wos, ain't fortygraphy."
A young gentleman was fondling
his betrothed's hand. "I hope It is not counterfeit," he said. "The best way to
test it is to ring it," was her reply.
Since Tom went first to law with
Ned, And made the sad attack,
'Tie said he scarce has had a
coat To put upon his back:
But, verily, the case is such,
That Tom has had a suit too much.
CLUB.—A bundle of sticks with few
nobs at the top.
"Jennie," said a venerable
Cameronian to his daughter, who was asking his consent to accompany her urgent
and favored suitor to the altar—" Jennie, it's a very solemn thing to get
married." " I know it, father," replied the sensible damsel; "but it's a great
deal solemner not to."
He who lives with a good wife
becomes better thereby, as those who lie down among violets arise with the
perfume upon their garments.
Munden, the actor, was once, at a
dinner party, placed before a haunch of venison and requested to carve it. "
Really, gentlemen," said he, "I do declare I know very little about table
anatomy ; I dare say, now, there is some particular cut in a haunch—some tid-bit—I
dare say there is—but I assure you I am quite ignorant where to pick for it." A
dozen knives instantly started from the cloth, and
Munden was instructed where the
rich meat lay. He uttered a Iong string of thanks, worked out a prime slice,
loaded it with sauce and jelly, and then, with the plate in his hand, looked
through his glasses round the table. Every hand was ready, and every mouth
prepared. "Really, gentlemen," said the comedian, "I wish I could please you;
but if I give the tid-bit to one, I shall offend the rest; so egad," added he,
"I'll keep it myself, and let every gentleman help himself to what he likes
Which, on the face of the earth,
is the best place for a sleeping infant?—The Rock-y Mountains.
If a young woman bids you take
heart, you can probably take hers.
SENATE.—March 9. Mr. Wilson
reported from the Military Committee a substitute for Mr. Carlile's resolutions
on the war, declaring "that the object of the war is the subjugation of the
rebels in arms to the rightful authority of the
United States ; that in the prosecution of the war the United States may adopt
whatever measures, not inconsistent with the rules of civilized warfare, may be
deemed necessary to secure the public safety now and hereafter;" and approving
the Emancipation Proclamation as a necessary and legitimate war measure.—Mr.
Sherman reported the House joint resolution to authorize the Secretary of the
Treasury to anticipate the payment of interest on the public debt, with an
amendment as follows: "And he is hereby authorized to dispose of any gold in the
Treasury of the United States not necessary for the payment of interest on the
public debt."—Mr. Davis spoke in favor of his amendment to the bill equalizing
the pay of colored troops, allowing the District Courts to appoint commissioners
to ascertain and award to loyal owners a just valuation for their slaves.—March
10. A bill was passed giving the franking privilege to the President and
Vice-President.—Mr. Sumner, from the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen, reported
a bill providing that the Proclamation of Emancipation issued by the President
of the United States January 1, 1863, so far as the same declares that the
slaves in certain designated States and parts of States thenceforward should be
free, is hereby adopted and en-acted as a statute of the United States, and as a
rule and article for the government of the military and naval forces
thereof.—Mr. Sherman, debating his amendment to the House resolution for the
sale of surplus gold, argued that speculation in gold would be prevented by
Mr. Chase the authority proposed.—Mr. Pomeroy
addressed the Senate at length in reference to the circular lately issued urging
Mr. Chase's claims for the Presidency, He denied that the circular was in any
respect secret, and said distinctly that Mr. Chase had nothing whatever to do
with it. Mr. Pomeroy maintained that the only safety from menacing dangers would
be found in a hearty cooperation of the people in a vigorous prosecution of the
war and the support of the most radical anti-slavery policy. Mr. Pomeroy
reprobated the policy of Mr. Lincoln as slow and timid, and argued that
disasters would continue to settle upon our arms so long as the Administration
clung to its present "declared impolicies."—Mr Davis's amendment to the bill
equalizing the pay of soldiers, black and white, was rejected, and the bill
passed, only six Senators voting Nay.—March 11. A message was received from the
President establishing the initial point of the Union Pacific Railway "on the
western boundary of the State of Iowa, east of and opposite to the east line of
Section Ten, in the Township Fifteen, north of Range Thirteen, east of thy sixth
principal meridian in the Territory of Nebraska."—The joint resolution
authorizing the sale of surplus gold, after debate, was passed, 30 to 8, with an
amendment that the Secretary of the Treasury shall only anticipate the payment
of interest on the public debt "for a period not exceeding a year, from time to
time."—The Postal Appropriation bill for the current fiscal year was
passed.--March 12. The Senate was not in session.—March 14, Mr. Saulsbury
reported an amendment to the Patent Act of 1863, designed to afford relief to
inventors or assignees who have failed to perfect their patents through neglect
to pay in season the final fee, by allowing them six months more in which to pay
such fee.—Mr. Grimes introduced a bill in relation to naval supplies, providing
for the appointment at each navy-yard of a Disbursing and Purchasing Agent, a
Naval Store keeper, and an Inspector and Receiver, who shall take charge of all
supplies except those for the bureaus of Medicine and Surgery, Provisions and
Clothing, and Navigation and Ordnance.—The West Point Academy Appropriation bill
was passed, with amendments providing that no cadet shall receive any part of
the appropriation unless appointed according to the laws of Congress, and that
until the suppression of the rebellion the President shall be authorized to
appoint from unrepresented districts such deserving young soldiers in the armies
of the United States as he may select. During the consideration of this bill a
debate occurred as to the policy of the Administration in the appointment of
army officers —Mr. Davis charging that the President was governed by political
considerations. Mr. Wilson, replying, said our Generals do not receive their
appointments because of their support of the Administration, but as a matter of
public policy. At the beginning of the contest the Administration desired to
bring to its support men of all parties, and in the first year of the war it was
much easier for a Democrat to receive an appointment than one who voted for
Lincoln. At the last session, out of 6855 nominations which came before the
Military Committee, composed of four Republicans and three Democrats, there was
never a divided vote, and the same was the case in this session in the
examination of 2000 cases. The Administration in its military appointments
sought to do justice without regard to opinions. Mr. Conness cited the case of
California, where six Generals had been appointed, all of whom were Democrats,
among them the present General-in-Chief and
General Hooker.—March 15. Mr. Sumner
presented the petition of one thousand citizens of Louisiana of African descent,
to be allowed to vote in the reorganization of Louisiana. The petition
represents that all are owners of property, many engaged in the pursuits of
commerce, paying taxes for forty-nine years on an assessment of fifteen millions
of dollars, and that at the call of Governor Shepley they raised the first
colored regiment in forty-eight hours.—Mr. M'Dougall offered a resolution, which
was agreed to, requesting the President to communicate to the Senate any
correspondence or other information in the possession of the Government relating
to any plan or plans having a view to the establishment of monarchical
governments in Central or South America.—Mr. Doolittle introduced an act to
amend the act of June 7, 1862, for the collection of direct taxes in
insurrectionary districts. The bill provides that, under the sales of the Tax
Commissioners in such districts, a writ may issue to said Commissioner to the
Marshal of said district com-
manding him to put the purchaser
in possession of said property. Property as above purchased by the United States
may be divided into parcels of fifty acres, and pre-emption rights granted to
persons for meritorious services in the crushing of the rebellion, who shall
have resided in the States where the lands his. —Mr. Sumner's amendment to the
Consular and Diplomatic bill, raising the rank of the Minister resident at
Belgium (Mr. Sandford) to a Minister Plenipotentiary, without corresponding pay,
was adopted. Amendments were also adopted increasing the salaries of the Consuls
of Shanghae, Nassau, Lyons, and Manchester.
HOUSE.—March 9. The Committee on
Ways and Means was directed to inquire into the expediency of so changing the
law as not to exempt United States bonds from State and municipal taxation.—A
bill was passed for the protection of emigrants to the Territories, authorizing
the distribution of arms, accoutrements, and munitions by the Secretary of War
to all emigrants passing through hostile Indian countries.—A bill to established
a Bureau of Military Justice, to be connected with the War Department, was
passed. The Bureau is to be composed of a Judge Advocate-General, with the rank
of Brigadier-General, and two assistants, with the rank of Colonel.—The Joint
Resolution tendering the thanks of Congress to Major-General
George Thomas and
the officers and men under him for bravery at Chicamauga, was passed, with an
amendment also thanking General Rosecrans.—The Military Committee reported a
bill making the Camden and Atlantic Railroad, with the branches built and to be
built. and the Raritan and Delaware Bay Railroad, public highways, and
recognizing said roads as a post and military route.—March 10. Mr. Arnold
introduced a bill providing for such appropriations for harbors on the Northern
lakes and Western rivers as are necessary to preserve them in good condition.—A
bill to abolish the Court of Claims was introduced.—A bill was passed giving to
the Revolutionary pensioners each one hundred dollars annually, to commence from
the 1st of January last and continue during their natural lives, in addition to
the pensions to which they are entitled under former acts of Congress.—The
Senate bill placing the name of John L. Burns, of Gettysburg, on the pension
rolls for patriotic services in the battle of that place, was passed. —Mr.
Arnold, from the Committee on Canals and Roads, reported a bill for the
construction of a ship canal for army and naval vessels from the Mississippi
River to the Western lakes and for other purposes, which was postponed to a
future day.—A bill was introduced granting pensions to the surviving soldiers of
the War of 1812.—March 11. The Senate bill, the better to carry out the law
regulating trade and intercourse in the Indian country, so as more effectually
to exclude spirits and wines from the Indians, was passed.—The Executive,
Legislative, and Judicial appropriation bill, which provides mainly for salaries
heretofore fixed by law, was passed.—Mr. Julian reported an amendment to the
Homestead Law, designed to facilitate certain preliminary steps in pre-empting
lands.—March 12. The day was occupied in making and hearing speeches on the
general policy of the war.—March 14. Mr. Arnold introduced a bill providing for
permanent peace by abolishing slavery in all the States and Territories where it
now exists.—The Naval Committee was instructed to inquire into the propriety of
fixing the proposed new naval depot on the Delaware River, at or near the town
of New-castle, Delaware.—Mr. Cox introduced a bill to prevent officers of the
Army and Navy and other persons engaged in the military and naval service of the
United States interfering in elections in the States.—A resolution was adopted
instructing the Committee on Rules to consider the propriety of so amending the
rules as to compel all members to vote when the yeas and nays are called.—The
Military Committee was instructed to inquire into the expediency and necessity
of increasing the cavalry force of our army by immediately raising 50,000
volunteers for that arm of the service.—The House passed the bill for the
payment of nearly $193,000 to the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Pottawatomie Indians
residing in Michigan.—The Gold bill, as amended in the Senate, was taken up, and
speeches were made in opposition to it by Messrs. Kernan, Pruyn, Cox, and
Boutwell, who opposed placing in the hands of one man the power lodged by this
bill with the Secretary of the Treasury. The bill was not finally disposed
of.—March 15. The Senate bill giving the franking privilege to the President and
Vice-President was passed.—A bill to establish Assay Offices in Navada Territory
and at Portland, Oregon, was reported.—Ten thousand copies of
report of the
battle of Gettysburg were ordered to be printed.—The consideration
of the Gold bill was resumed. During the debate, a letter was read from Mr.
Chase to the effect that he believed the passage of the bill would restrain
speculation. Mr. Griswold and others advocated the passage of the bill, which
was opposed by Messrs. Allen, Price, and Denison. A vote was not reached.
THE MILITARY SITUATION.
The military situation remains
unchanged. It is intimated, however, in well-informed quarters, that important
movements will soon be made.
General Grant visited
Washington on the 8th
instant, and had a conference with the Secretary of War and
General Halleck, and
subsequently had an important consultation with General Meade at the
head-quarters of the Army of the Potomac, whence he returned on the 11th, and
immediately started for the West. He will, it is probable, direct a movement of
all our armies according to a plan of his own. Preparatory to any movement in
the East, it is hinted that the Army of the Potomac will be reorganized. On the
14th inst. the President issued an order retiring Major-General Halleck from the
position of General-in-Chief, and assigning Lieutenant-General Grant to the
command of the armies of the United States, with head-quarters in Washington,
and also with the Lieutenant-General in the field. General Halleck is to be
chief of staff under the Secretary of War and the Lieutenant-General.
Major-General W. T. Sherman is to command the military division of the
Mississippi, composed of the Departments of the Ohio, the Cumberland, the
Tennessee, and the Arkansas. Major-General McPherson is placed in command of the
Department and army of the Tennessee.
From the Southwest we have
intimations of a new movement, the object of which is not yet officially
disclosed, though Shreveport, Louisiana, is supposed to be the point aimed at.
General Sherman left Vicksburg on the 28th ult. for
New Orleans, where he had a
General Banks and other officers, in reference, it is
supposed, to the details of the projected movement. He has since returned North.
Troops, meanwhile, are returning from Texas to New Orleans, and a formidable
fleet of iron-clads is collecting at the mouth of the Red River.
ANOTHER CALL FOR TROOPS.
On the 15th inst.
Lincoln issued a call for 200,000 men for the military service—Army, Navy, and
Marine Corps—to be raised by volunteering, or, in default, by draft on the 15th
of April—the present bounties to be paid until April 1. The men called for are
required for the navy, and to provide an adequate reserve force for all
contingencies. The proportional quotas for the various towns, cities, and
districts will be made known at the earliest possible moment.
SUCCESSFUL EXPEDITION IN GENERAL
On the 11th instant,
Butler sent two regiments of cavalry to King and Queen County, Virginia, to
chastise the citizens, who had participated in the ambuscade of Colonel
Dahlgren's command, elsewhere referred to. The expedition defeated and
dispersed, with severe loss, the Fifth and Ninth Virginia cavalry, capturing
their camps, killing a number of the enemy, taking seventy prisoners, and
burning a number of mills and storehouses filled with supplies and arms.
GENERAL SHERMAN'S EXPEDITION.
The details of General Sherman's
expedition show it to have been one of the most important successes of the war.
It failed, indeed, to reach Selma, Alabama, owing to the want of cooperation
from General Smith's cavalry force, but the destruction of rebel property and of
their railway communications inflicted an amount of damage fully compensating
for all the difficulties and cost of the expedition. The results may be briefly
stated as follows: The army marched 400 miles in 24 days, penetrating to
Meridian, Mississippi, where it destroyed the rebel arsenal, stocked with
valuable machinery for the manufacture of small arms and all sorts of ordnance
stores, and burned twelve
extensive Government sheds, a
number of warehouses filled with military stores and ammunition, several
grist-mills with 20,000 bushels of corn, and nearly every building occupied in
any way for war purposes. The towns of Enterprise, Marion, Quitman, Hillsboro,
Lake Station, Decatur, Breton, and others were devastated; while depots,
flour-mills, cotton, bridges, at all points on the route, were either destroyed
or rendered useless to the enemy. The seizure of Meridian alone is said to have
been worth fifty millions of dollars to the Government. The Mobile and Ohio
Railroad was destroyed for fifty-six miles, and all other roads within reach of
our forces were damaged beyond repair. A large number of locomotives and several
trains of cars were also destroyed. The Mobile and Ohio Road, which was so
thoroughly destroyed, was considered by engineers to be the finest built road in
the United States, costing $50,000 per mile. It was built principally by English
capitalists, and George Peabody, the London banker, owned several thousand
shares. The destruction of this road will prevent the rebels from reinforcing
Mobile by rail, and effectually cuts off the fertile region of country in
Northern Mississippi from which the rebels derived immense subsistence supplies.
Nearly ten thousand slaves were
liberated by the expedition, six thousand of whom accompanied it on its return
to Vicksburg. The entire loss of the expedition did not exceed fifty men in
killed and wounded, with about one hundred captured.
Our forces in
Florida are in good
condition, and active operations are expected to be renewed shortly.
The rebels in North Carolina
having recently hung twenty-one Union soldiers, the loyal North Carolina
Regiment in that State have notified their officers that they mean to retaliate,
in kind, upon all rebel prisoners who may fall into their hands.
Suffolk, Virginia, was reoccupied
by Federal troops on the 10th instant.
Our forces in East Tennessee have
penetrated some sixty miles beyond Knoxville, but have found no considerable
body of the enemy. The North Carolina Cherokees, formerly in the rebel service,
have laid down their arms and made peace with our authorities, under the Amnesty
A detachment from General
Custer's cavalry command dispersed a gang of guerrillas, capturing twenty of the
number, in Madison County, Virginia, a few days since.
THE WAR IN SCHLESWIG.
THE Conference proposed by
England on the Schleswig-Holstein difficulty, on the basis of guaranteeing the
authority as well as the indivisibility of the Duchies, and preserving the
territorial arrangements hitherto existing, has been declined by Denmark. The
King has spoken decidedly in support of his war policy, and is warmly supported
by the press and army. The Allies have made a reconnoissance toward Duppel,
which the Danish General has declared they will not be able to take for several
months under the most favorable circumstances. It was said that Italy had
tendered the use of a fleet and an army of forty thousand men to England if she
assisted Denmark. The London Post professes to believe that Russia and Prussia
have made a "holy alliance" league, under the pretense of exterminating
revolution, but in reality to erect a despotism in Europe. The Post says this
object will be defeated by England and France, combined with the Italians,
Scandinavians, Poles, Hungarians, and Turks. The King of Sweden had granted
permission to Swedish officers to take service with the Danes.
THE REBEL RAMS IN PARLIAMENT.
In the House of Commons on the
25th ult. Lord Palmerston announced that orders had been sent to the Cape of
Good Hope to release the pirate Tuscaloosa, whose detention was not justified by
international law. In the House of Lords, on the 25th, Earl Russell said that
there was no Ionger any objection to producing the papers in the case of the
Mersey rams, and the rebel vessels Saxon and
Alabama. The 5th of April has been
fixed for the trial of the Pampero case in the Edinburgh Court of Session.
THE ARCHDUKE MAXIMILIAN.
The Archduke Maximilian still
delayed his departure to Mexico until it was determined who was to have command
of the French army after his arrival. The Paris Moniteur of the 4th instant
denies a rumor to the effect that he had renounced the idea of going to Mexico.
THE SITUATION IN MEXICO.
News from the city of Mexico to
the 26th ult. is to the effect that the national cause is rapidly losing ground.
Juarez's Government is now reduced to four or five States. It was believed that
as soon as the French could organize 15,000 men from the Foreign Legion and the
native Mexicans they would withdraw their main army from Mexico, as the number
named was regarded as sufficient to guard Maximilian. It is intimated that
Minister Corwin will leave Vera Cruz in April.
Acapulco and Manzanilla have been
blockaded by the French.
ARMY AND NAVY ITEMS.
THE examination of the
Congressional War Committee into the management of the battle of Gettysburg by
General MEADE, has failed to sustain the charge that that General gave an order
for his army to retreat after the first day's fight. General WARREN has
testified distinctly that no such order was given, and that the incidental
charges against General MEADE are altogether unfounded.
General SIGEL. has assumed
command of the Department of West Virginia.
Another expedition, under General
SULLY, will shortly be made against the Sioux Indians in the Northwest. General
Law WALLACE has been assigned to the command of the Middle Department, with
head-quarters at Baltimore.
Six hundred and sixty-four
released prisoners, from
Richmond and Belle Isle, arrived at Annapolis,
Maryland, on the 10th inst. Forty-eight of the number were officers.
General WARREN has been appointed
to the command of the Third Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
The Court of Inquiry, appointed
to investigate the conduct of
General McCOOK, CRITTENDEN, and NEGLEY at the
battle of Chickamauga, has reported the result of its investigations, namely,
that General McCOOK did his entire duty in the battle proper, but made a mistake
subsequently in going into Chattanooga; that General CRITTENDEN was entirely
blameless; and that General NEGLEY did nothing calling for censure.
Fifty thousand rations are now
issued at Chattanooga daily for refugees and others who are without means of
Governor BRAMLETTE has
remonstrated against the enlistment of slaves in Kentucky.
General W. F. Surrn (familiarly
called "Baldy" SMITH) has been nominated by the President as Major-General in
the regular army.
The Florida campaign is to be
investigated by the Congressional War Committee, with a view of ascertaining how
General SEYMOUR is responsible for the disaster at Olustee.
Captains FLYNN and SAWYER, whom
the rebels threatened to hang, have been relented, and, with NEAL Dow, have
arrived at Fortress Monroe.
The Paterson (New Jersey) Press
Pays the Government has called upon the locomotive builders of that city for two
hundred engines to be made forthwith, informing them that in case of default the
Government would seize me shops. The engine builders have agreed to do the work.
The rebel salt-works at St.
Monks, Florida, seven miles in extent, and having connected with them 390
kettles, 170 furnaces, and 165 buildings, were destroyed by a naval expedition a
short time since. The loss to the rebels is estimated at two millions of