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Robert E. Lee Portrait
WINNSBOROUGH, SOUTH CAROLINA.
GENERAL MOWER FIRING THE BLAKELY GUN ACROSS THE
By the 14th of February both wings were across the North Edisto, Orangeburg had
been occupied, the rebels flanked out of Branchville, and SHERMAN'S
right wing had made fifteen miles on the road to Columbia. On the afternoon of
the next day the rebel
fortifications on the north bank of the Congaree, and covering the
approach to Columbia, were carried by the Fifteenth Corps. Making a feint of
crossing below on the river,
beauty. Our artist has given a view
crossing as it appeared at sunset February 17, 1865,
spared from the general conflagration, which on the night of the 17th, destroyed
nearly the whole city. The order of architecture followed is the Corinthian. The
capitals of the columns are delicately carved in marble. A great deal of this
carved work, stored in sheds about the Capitol, was burned.
No. 1. Lieutenant
John Huldman, 129th Illinois, Nov. 13.
" 2. L. D. Fairfield, 89th Ohio, Nov. 8.
" 3. Capt.
David Hansbury, 4th Ind. Battery, Nov. 22. C.
K. Ekings, 3d N. J.
Lieutenant A. C.
Spafford, 21st Ohio, Oct. 14. " 6. James E. Wenrick, 19th Pa. Cavalry.
,, 7. John Jackson, 4th
Ind. Cav., Nov. 21.
SHERMAN pushed straight northward, as if moving on Charlotte.
ordered to advance on Chesterville, while the Four-
sketch. Gold Mine, a few miles
father east and
also affords a characteristic picture.
The Twentieth. Corps entered Chesterfield March 2, 1865.
The next day the whole army was across
Creek, with the advance already at Cheraw, on the
Great Pedee. As the rebels fled across the river
MOWER sent after them a few
shells from a Blakely gun which, he had captured, and which had been
presented to the State of
UNITED STATES ARSENAL AT FAYETTEVILLE, SOUTH
ly crossed at Saluda Factory. The factory was burned on the 17th. At 3 o'clock,
on the morning of the 17th, Columbia was surrendered. We give
on our first page a sketch illustrating
entry into this city the capital of South Carolina. The railroads for twenty
miles about the city were thoroughly destroyed, and the public property burned.
On pages 200 and 201 we give several
sketches of Columbia. The State Capitol, which is not finished, has great
The great fire destroyed several hundred buildings, and deprived many poor
families of their homes.
SHERMAN tried hard to check the destruction, but without avail. On the
19th 20,000 bales of cotton were burned.
Across the river from Columbia is Camp Sorghum,
where our prisoners were kept. Our artist has numbered
the graves, and we give below the names to correspond. These men were nearly all
murdered by the rebels.
teenth Corps followed in his rear, destroying the railroad on the way. The other
three corps joined the Fourteenth at Winnsborough. The Fourteenth, with
KILPATRICK, still pushed northward, while the other three corps moved
more to the eastward, toward Cheraw. On the 23d of February the Fourteenth
Corps began the difficult crossing of the Catawba River at Rocky Hill. It
was not till March 1 that this corps was able to move on to Hanging Rock, of
which our artist has given a picturesque
Carolina by her citizens residing abroad. Twenty-five pieces of artillery were
taken at Cheraw, besides eighteen
tons of powder and several thousand bales of cotton. On the 11th of March
the entire army entered Fayetteville, where communication
was established with Wilmington
by means of the Cape Fear River. During the march 85 cannon were
captured, and 4006 prisoners. Over 15,000 refugees were received; hundreds of
miles of rail road and vast quantities of cotton were destroyed.
CAMP SORGHUM, OPPOSITE COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA.
SALUDA FACTORY, NEAR COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA.