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Civil War Harper's Weekly, February 11, 1865

You are viewing a page from the original February 11, 1865 edition of Harper's Weekly. These old newspapers allow you to read the news of the war, and learn new insights from these first edition reports. The papers are full of interesting news articles, and wood cut illustrations. This material is from our private collection, which we are posting to the internet.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to the page of interest)


Confederate Ironclads

Confederate Ironclads

Black Laws

Abolish Slavery

Congress Votes to Abolish Slavery

General Garrard

General Kenner Garrard

General Hazen

General Hazen


Smithsonian Fire

Oil Speculators

Oil Speculation


Smithsonian Institure Fire

Fire at the Smithsonian Institute

Sherman in Savannah

General Sherman in Savannah Georgia


Civil War Scout






[FEBRUARY 11, 1865.


(Previous Page) The dead were gathered up by detachments of the prisoners, and carried outside of the stockade, where they were laid in a row under a cluster of trees.

Thence the bodies were carried in wagons, into which they were thrown at random, to a. ditch at some distance from the camp, where they were tumbled out, covered with a thin layer of earth, and so left. Many a brave and loyal soldier of the Republic, who bad won honorable scars in the battle's van, found thus at last the burial of a dog at rebel hands.

But our tormentors did not confine their cruelty to depriving us of proper food and medical attendance. They had another devil's device for maiming and killing, namely, " THE DEAD LINE." This line consisted of a row of stakes driven into the ground with boards fastened on the top at a distance of about fifteen feet from the stockade on the inner side. This line was closely watched by a guard, and any prisoner who approached it and many often unconsciously did, and as, in the crowd, was often unavoidable was instantly shot dead. Frequently the guard fired indiscriminately into a crowd ; on one occasion I saw one man killed and another wounded, both of whom were innocent and standing some distance from the line. There was a standing order that any sentinel who killed a Union soldier for approaching the Dead Line should receive a furlough for two months ; and, for wounding one, a furlough for one month. This order not only offered a premium for murder, but encouraged the guard in other outrages, against which we had no defense whatever.

Perhaps you wonder what we did in the long days and nights of our imprisonment ? What could we do ? Crowd thirty thousand sick, starving, dying men into a space of thirty acres, and what opportunity is there for any thing but suffering ? In all our camp there were but two streets" Broadway" and " Market" we called them neither over ten feet wide ; and it was impossible, even had we been disposed, to indulge in games or amusements of any athletic nature in avenues like these, along which, lying in the sun or under the starlight, dead men could be seen, pale and ghastly, at any hour of the day or night. What did we do ? We talked of home ; of wives, mothers, and sisters, upon whose faces we did not expect, many of us, ever to look again ; talked drearily of battles past and woes to come. What are they thinking and doing at home ? Do they miss us, and long for our coming? Are they all still among the living? These were the questions we debated with ourselves and with one another. But chiefly we talked of our daily fare ; dwelling with childish pleasure upon those rare meals which more nearly satisfied our clamoring appetites. The nearer we came to starvation the more we talked of choice and dainty dishes ; planning for ourselves.feasts of all toothsome things in the day when relief should come ; counting up on our fingers the rare substantials and desserts with which our palates should be regaled in that coming time.

At length, on the 27th of October, an order came for the removal of all but six thousand of the prisoners from Andersonville to Millen. How hope, stirred within us at the good news ! How all clamored to go ! How the pallid faces of the dying grew paler still when, begging to be removed, they were told they must remain ! Remain to die to die away from home and friends, with no soft hand to smooth the rough way into the rest that is starless ! No more hope for them ! How other faces grew bright at the prospect of deliverance ! How scores of weak, suffering ones dragged themselves into line, and, with painful steps and slow, passed out to join the company of the chosen! More than one, poor fellow, whose sufferings had won my pity, and whose patience had made use feel for him as a brother, I left behind me that fair autumn day ; but their faces haunt me still in the quiet nights, and their sobbing good bys sound yet in my ears.

At Millen we remained four weeks, and were then conveyed to Savannah for exchange. I shall never forget the feeling that overwhelmed me when, for the first time in months, I saw the old flag again the dear old flag under which I had so often fought for which I was ready to die in honorable battle. How we cried when we found ourselves under its folds on the deck of a loyal ship! How we sat down in groups and talked softly one with another of home and friends, and wondered whether, now that the boon we had all so longed for was within reach, we should really reach and enjoy it!

Well, we hoisted anchor and sailed out upon the pure, fresh sea, and came at last to Annapolis, a sick, maimed, emaciated company. There kind hands cared for us, kind welcomes cheered us, and we knew that we were home at last home, with the arms of a great nation around us, sheltering and sustaining us with the great love of a noble, loyal heart.

When I left the camp at Millen my apparel consisted only of a blouse, pants, and shoes. Many had not even the blouse ; some were without shoes; all were ragged, lean, and wretched. But Father Abraham has reclothed us since then those of us who are left with the loyal blue, and, God willing, we will wear it again in the battle's front, as, under the old flag, we, with the Cause, keep marching on !   

E. H. T.

NEWARK, January,1865.


THE Monitor Monadnock, a sketch of which we give on page 84, is one of our most efficient iron-clads. She is 1564 tons, and mounts four 15-inch guns. She was built at the Boston Navy-yard, and has two turrets. Her length is 259 feet 6 inches, her breadth 53 feet, with a depth of hold of 12 1/2 feet. She was launched March 23, 1864. Admiral PORTER, alluding in one of his official reports to this vessel, says :

" She could ride out a gale at anchor in the Atlantic Ocean. She is certainly a perfect success so far as the hull and machinery are concerned, and is only defective in some minor details, which, in the building of these vessels, require the superin

tendence of a thorough seaman and a practical and ingenious man. The Monadnock is capable of crossing the ocean I alone (when her compasses are once adjusted properly), and could destroy any vessel in the French or British navy, lay their towns under contribution, and return again (provided she could pick up coal) without fear of being followed. She could certainly clear any harbor on our coast of blockaders in case we were at war with a foreign power."

The Monadnock Admiral PORTER thinks inferior to the Ironsides in a contest against heavy batteries ; and yet, he says, the latter would be no match for the former in a fight, as the Monadnock has the greater speed.


ON the afternoon of January 24, at about three o'clock, a fire broke cut in the Smithsonian Institute building in the loft above the picture gallery, between the ceiling and the roof. The fire is supposed to have been occasioned by a defective flue. It was not long before the ceiling fell in and the picture gallery was in a sheet of flame. The conflagration was nearly altogether confined to the main building and above the first story, in which was the museum. Unfortunately, the latter was considerably damaged by water. The wings were not much burned, and the library in the west wing, containing over one hundred thousand volumes, was uninjured.

The loss by the fire includes the lecture room, the philosophical laboratory with most of the instruments, the originals of private records and the archives of the institution, together with the destruction of the pictures in the gallery. About two hundred of STANLEY'S pictures were here, of which only five or six were saved.

The Smithsonian Institute is located south of Pennsylvania Avenue, on a slight eminence west of the Capitol, in the midst of a beautiful park. The building is of red standstone, 450 feet front by 140 in depth. The cost of the building and grounds was more than $300,000.

The Institution was founded by JAMES SMITHSON, natural son of the Duke of Northumberland, who, in 1826, bequeathed his property to the United States. The property, amounting to half a million of dollars, came into the possession of the Government in 1835, and eleven years after the Smithsonian Institute was organized on the basis of a plan submitted to President POLK by JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. The President, Vice-President, and Cabinet, the Chief Justice, the Commissioner of Patents, and the Mayor of Washington form the board of directors.


The war has now lasted about twelve years. "To put in mildly," says the astonished reader, " that's a big mistake !" "Sir," replies this truthful piece of print, "it is not the war against Disunion waged by our armies, but the war against the Diseases and Disabilities of Humanity waged by HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS, that is here referred to."

During all these years this most potent of all medicinal PROTECTIVES and RESTORATIVES has been doing its Samaritan work strengthening the STOMACHS, invigorating the NERVES, prolonging the LIVES, of the FEEBLE and the SICK.

At this season it is invaluable as a means of defending the system against the effects of exposure to cold and damp, and those violent shocks consequent upon passing from over heated rooms into a frigid temperature.

Use it, and escape chills and fever, dyspopsin, irregularities of the bowels, affections of the liver, and nervous prostration.

If you labor under any of these afflictions, still use it; for it will restore you to health.

Avoid all the adulterated stimulants. Remember that HOSTETTER'S BITTERS is a pure, wholesome, and unfailing vegetable TONIC, ALTERATIVE, and RESTORATIVE. Sold every where. New York Office, No 50 Cedar St.

AGENTS WANTED EVERY WHERE. $20 A DAY made clear. Best chance in the world to make a fortune. Every body in civilized life should know it. Don't fail by any means to send stamp for circulars. J. W. STEPHENS, 239 roadway, New York.

DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES ?—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1 sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order.   R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

The Brazilian Hair Curler. One application warranted to curl the most straight and stubborn hair into wavy ringlets or heavy massive curls. Sent, post-paid, on receipt of $100. Address S. S. CHASE, Cohoce, N. Y.

SWORD." THE GOLD PEN—THE BEST OF ALL PENS, MORTON'S GOLD YENS, THE BEST PENS IN THE WORLD. On receipt of any of the following sums in Cash, the Subscriber will send by return mail, or otherwise, as directed, a Gold Pen or Pens selecting the same according to description, viz.: GOLD PENS WITHOUT CASES. For 50 cents, the Magic Pen; for 75 cents, the Lucky Pen ; for $1 00, the Always-Ready Pen ; for $125, the Elegant Pen ; and for $150, the Excelsior Pen. These Pen are not numbered, but correspond in sizes to Number, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. THE SAVE PENS IN SILVER-PLATED EXTENSION CASES WITH PENCILS. For $1 00, the Magic Pen ; for $1 25, the Lucky Pen for $1 50, the Always-Ready Pen ; for $2 00, the Elegant Pen ; and for $2 25, the Excelsior Pen. These are Well-Finished, Good-Writing Gold Pens, with Iridosmin Points, the average wear of every one of which will far outlast a gross of the best Steel Pens ; although they are unwarranted, and, therefore, not exchangeable. MORTON'S WARRANTED PENS. The name, " A. Morton," "Number," and "Quality,' are stamped on the following Pens, and the points an warranted for six months, except against accident. The Numbers indicate size only; No. 1 being the small at, No. 6 the largest, adapted for the pocket ; No. 4 the smallest, and No. 10 the largest Mammoth Gold Pen, for the desk.

Long and Medium Nibs of all sizes and qualities. Sheri Nibs of Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7, and made only of first quality. The Long and Short Nibs are fine pointed ; the Median Nibs are Broad, Coarse Business Points. The engraving, are facsimiles of the sizes and styles. GOLD PENS WITHOUT CASES. For $1 25 a No . Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $1 50 a ace 2 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 00 a No. 3 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality ; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 25 a No. 4 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 75 a No. 5 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $3 50 a No. 6 Pen; $4 50 a No. 7 Pen; $5 75 a No. 8 Pen; $6 50 a No. 9 Pea; $7 50 a No. 10 Pen—all 1st quality. THE SAME GOLD PENS, IN SILVER EXTENSION CASES, WITH PENCILS. For $2 00 a No. 1 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 50 a No. 2 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $3 00 a No. 3 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $3 75 a No. 4 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality ; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $4 50 a No. 5 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $5 75 a No. 6 Pen, let quality. GOLD PENS, ALL FIRST QUALITY, IN SILVER- MOUNTED DESK-HOLDERS. For $2 75 a No. 4 Pen; for $3 25 a No. 5 Pen; for $4 00 a No. 6 Pen ; for $5 75 a No. 7 Pen. For $7 a No. 8 Pen; for $8 a No. 9 Pen; and for $9 a No. 10 Pen. The "1st Quality" are pointed with the very best Iridosmin Points, carefully selected, and none of this quality are sold with the slightest imperfection which skill and the closest scrutiny can detect. The "2d Quality" are superior to any Pens made by him previous to the year 1860. The "3d Quality" he intends shall equal in respect to Durability, Elasticity, and Good Writing Qualities (the only true considerations) any Gold Pens made elsewhere. In regard to the Cheap Gold Pens, he begs leave to say that previous to operating his New and Patented Machines, he could not have made as Good Wilting and Durable Pens, for the Price, had the Gold been furnished gratuitously. Parties ordering must in all instances specify the "Name" or the " Number" and "Quality" of the Pens wanted, and be particular to describe the kind they prefer whether stiff or limber, coarse or fine. All remittances sent by mail in registered letters are at my risk, and to all who send twenty cents (charge for registering), in addition to the price of goods ordered, I will guarantee their safe delivery. Parties sending Gold or Silver will be allowed the full premium on the day received.

TO CLUBS. A discount of 10 per cent. will be allowed on sums of $12, of 15 per cent. on $24, and of 20 per cent. on $40, if sent to one address at one time. Address   A. MORTON, No. 25 Maiden Lane, New York.

THIRTY YEARS' RESEARCH. The discoverer of the celebrated Brandreth's Pills did not decide upon their composition until after thirty years of experiment and research into the medicinal properties of the numerous plants composing the vegetable kingdom his object being to compose a medicine which might always be used with safety, and would infallibly take out impurities from the blood. The universal success which has attended this medicine sufficiently proves how completely this object has been attained. They have restored millions to health who were pronounced incurable by their physicians.

Principal office, BRANDRETH BUILDING, New York. See that B. BRANDRETH is in white letters on the Government stamp; without which they are counterfeits.

NEW U. S. TONNAGE LAW. With the Instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury, Diagrams, and an Example worked out in full. 12mo, Leather, $1 00. PUBLISHED BY HARPER & BROTHERS. Sent by Mail on receipt of $1 00.

Shults' Onguent, warranted to produce a full set of Whiskers in six weeks, or money refunded. Sent post-paid, for 50 cents. Address C. F. SHULTS, Troy, N. Y.

SHULTS' CURLIQUE. For curling the Hair. Price 50 cents. Sent sealed and post-paid. Address C. F. SHULTS, Troy, N. Y.

TO PHYSICIANS AND INVALIDS. The Rev. Charles E. King, recently connected, as resident Minister and Physician, with the Venezuelan Mission, will send, Free of Cost, the P'roscription with which he successfully treated, while in change of the large Mission Hospital, upward of One Hundred cases of Consumption, in the First, Second, and Third Stage. The remedy is equally adapted to the treatment of Asthma. Catarrh, Bronchitis, and all affections of the Lungs, Throat, and Air-Passages; while it speedily invigorates the enfeebled Nervous Systerm, and energizes the deranged functions of the Stomach, Liver, and Bowels. Address, with stamp, Rev. CHARLES E. KING, Station D, Bible House, New York.

J. H. Winslow Co.




Worth $500,000

To be sold for ONE DOLLAR each, without regard to value, and not to be paid for until you know what you are to get. Send 25 cents for a Certificate, which will inform you what you can have for $1, and at the same time get our Circular containing full list and particulars ; also terms to Agents, which we want in every Regiment and Town in the Country.


208 Broadway, New York.

Excelsior Photograph Establishment. Photographs, Albums, Lithographic Prints, Rustic Frames, &c., in great variety, at lowest rates.

Valentines for 1865,

At prices defying competition. Catalogues sent free. F. P. WHITING, 87 Fulton Street, New York.


Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Every Body Send us your address. Will, in return, send you a large family news paper, replete with good miscellaneous reading matter. Sent gratis. CHAS. E. MACKEY, 87 Nassau St., N. Y.


art may be Iearned in a few hours. Price 25 cents. VENTRILOQUISM made easy, and the Second-Sight mystery explained. Price 15 cents. Sent, poet-paid, by

R. PARKER, 102 Nassau Street, New York.


HARPER & BROTHER'S, will send any of the following Works by Mail, postage prepaid, on receipt of the price. HARPER'S CATALOGUE and HARPER'S TRADE LIST sent by Mail on receipt of Five Cents. MY BROTHER'S WIFE : A Life History. By AMELI B. EDWARDS, Author of "Barbara's History," "The Ladder of Life," &c. 8vo, Paper, 50 cents. CAPTAIN HALL'S ARCTIC RESEARCHES AND LIFE AMONG THE ESQUIMAUX. Arctic Researches end Life among the Esquimaux: being the Narrative of an Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin, in the years 1860, 1861, and 1862. By CHARLES FRACIS HALL. With Maps and 100 Illustrations, beautifully engraved from Designs by CHARLES PARSONS, HENRY L. STEPHENS, SOL. EYTINGE, W. S. L. JEWETT, andGRANVILLE PERKINS, after Sketches by Mr. HALL, and Photographs. 8vo, Cloth, $4 50 ; Half Morocco, $6 50. DICKENS'S NEW CHRISTMAS STORY: MRS. LIRRIPER'S LEGACY. 8vo, Paper, 10 cents. MATTIE : A STRAY. A Novel. 8vo, Paper, 75 cents.QUEENS OF SONG : being Memoirs of some of the most celebrated Female Vocalists who have performed on he Lyric Stage from the Earliest Days of Opera to the Present Time. To which is added it Chronolegical List of all the Operas that have been performed in Europe. By ELLEN CREATHORNE CLAYTON. With Portraite of Mrs. Billington, Madame Pasta, Madame Sontag, Madame Garcia Malibran, Madame Giulia Grisi. Madame Clara Novelle, Madame Viardot Garcia, Madame Marietta Alboni, Madame Jenny Lind Goldschmidt, and Medame Marietta Piccolomini. 8vo, Cloth, $3 00; Halt Morocco, $4 50. QUITE ALONE. A Novel. By GEORGE AUGUSTUS SALA. 8vo, Paper, 75 cents. (The new editions will be reedy in a few days.) "FROM DAN TO BEERSHEBA:" or, The Land of Promise as, it now Appears. Including a Description of the Boundaries, Topography, Agriculture, Antiquities, Cities, and Present Inhabitants of that Wonderful Land. With Illustrations of the remarkable Accuracy of the Sacred Writers in their Allusions to their Native Country. By Rev. J. P. NEWMAN, D.D. Maps and Engravings. 12mo, Cloth, $1 75. THE PERPETUAL CURATE. A Novel. By the Author of "Chronicles of Carlingford," "Margaret Maitland," "The Laird of Norlaw," "The Days of my Life," &c. 8vo, Cloth, $150; Paper, $l 00. MARGARET DENZIL'S HISTORY. Annotated by her Husband. A Novel. 8vo, Paper, 75 cents. UNDER THE BAN (Le Maudit). Translated from the French of M. L'ABBE * * 8vo, Cloth, $1 75 ; Paper, $125. THE RELIGIOUS TRAINING OF CHILDREN in the Family, the School, and the Church. By CATHARINE E. BEECHER. 12mo, Cloth, $1 75. LINDISFARN CHASE. A Novel. By T ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE. 8vo, Cloth, $2 00; Paper, $150. DAS ZWEITE BUCII DER REALKENNTNISSE. The Second Book of Nature (in the German Language). An Elementary Introduction to the Natural Sciences, including Geography and History. Translated from M. Willson's Readers for the use of German Schools and Families by G. BREMEN. Illustrated by 318 Engravings on Wood. 12mo, $125. CAPTAIN BRAND, OF THE "CENTIPEDE." A Pirate of Eminence in the West Indies: his Loves and Exploits, together with some Account of the singular Manner by which he departed this life. A Novel By HARRY GRINGO . ( H. A. WISE, U. S. N.). With Illustrations. 8vo, Cloth, $2 00; Paper, $1 50. MAURICE DERING; or, The Quadrilateral. A Novel. By the Author of "Guy Livingstone," "Sword and Gown," &c. New Edition. 8vo, Paper, 50 cents. NINETEEN BEAUTIFUL YEARS; OR, SKETCHES OF A GIRL'S LIFE. Written by her Sister. With an Introduction by Rev. R. S. FOSTER, D.D. New Edition. 16mo, Cloth, $100.





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