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Page) The dead were gathered up by detachments of the prisoners, and
carried outside of the stockade, where they were laid in a row under a cluster
Thence the bodies were carried in
wagons, into which they were thrown at random, to a. ditch at some distance from
the camp, where they were tumbled out, covered with a thin layer of earth, and
so left. Many a brave and loyal soldier of the Republic, who bad won honorable
scars in the battle's van, found thus at last the burial of a dog at rebel
But our tormentors did not
confine their cruelty to depriving us of proper food and medical attendance.
They had another devil's device for maiming and killing, namely, " THE DEAD
LINE." This line consisted of a row of stakes driven into the ground with boards
fastened on the top at a distance of about fifteen feet from the stockade on the
inner side. This line was closely watched by a guard, and any prisoner who
approached it and many often unconsciously did, and as, in the crowd, was often
unavoidable was instantly shot dead. Frequently the guard fired indiscriminately
into a crowd ; on one occasion I saw one man killed and another wounded, both of
whom were innocent and standing some distance from the line. There was a
standing order that any sentinel who killed a Union soldier for approaching the
Dead Line should receive a furlough for two months ; and, for wounding one, a
furlough for one month. This order not only offered a premium for murder, but
encouraged the guard in other outrages, against which we had no defense
Perhaps you wonder what we did in
the long days and nights of our imprisonment ? What could we do ? Crowd thirty
thousand sick, starving, dying men into a space of thirty acres, and what
opportunity is there for any thing but suffering ? In all our camp there were
but two streets" Broadway" and " Market" we called them neither over ten feet
wide ; and it was impossible, even had we been disposed, to indulge in games or
amusements of any athletic nature in avenues like these, along which, lying in
the sun or under the starlight, dead men could be seen, pale and ghastly, at any
hour of the day or night. What did we do ? We talked of home ; of wives,
mothers, and sisters, upon whose faces we did not expect, many of us, ever to
look again ; talked drearily of battles past and woes to come. What are they
thinking and doing at home ? Do they miss us, and long for our coming? Are they
all still among the living? These were the questions we debated with ourselves
and with one another. But chiefly we talked of our daily fare ; dwelling with
childish pleasure upon those rare meals which more nearly satisfied our
clamoring appetites. The nearer we came to starvation the more we talked of
choice and dainty dishes ; planning for ourselves.feasts of all toothsome things
in the day when relief should come ; counting up on our fingers the rare
substantials and desserts with which our palates should be regaled in that
At length, on the 27th of
October, an order came for the removal of all but six thousand of the prisoners
from Andersonville to Millen. How hope, stirred within us at the good news ! How
all clamored to go ! How the pallid faces of the dying grew paler still when,
begging to be removed, they were told they must remain ! Remain to die to die
away from home and friends, with no soft hand to smooth the rough way into the
rest that is starless ! No more hope for them ! How other faces grew bright at
the prospect of deliverance ! How scores of weak, suffering ones dragged
themselves into line, and, with painful steps and slow, passed out to join the
company of the chosen! More than one, poor fellow, whose sufferings had won my
pity, and whose patience had made use feel for him as a brother, I left behind
me that fair autumn day ; but their faces haunt me still in the quiet nights,
and their sobbing good bys sound yet in my ears.
At Millen we remained four weeks,
and were then conveyed to Savannah for exchange. I shall never forget the
feeling that overwhelmed me when, for the first time in months, I saw the old
flag again the dear old flag under which I had so often fought for which I was
ready to die in honorable battle. How we cried when we found ourselves under its
folds on the deck of a loyal ship! How we sat down in groups and talked softly
one with another of home and friends, and wondered whether, now that the boon we
had all so longed for was within reach, we should really reach and enjoy it!
Well, we hoisted anchor and
sailed out upon the pure, fresh sea, and came at last to Annapolis, a sick,
maimed, emaciated company. There kind hands cared for us, kind welcomes cheered
us, and we knew that we were home at last home, with the arms of a great nation
around us, sheltering and sustaining us with the great love of a noble, loyal
When I left the camp at Millen my
apparel consisted only of a blouse, pants, and shoes. Many had not even the
blouse ; some were without shoes; all were ragged, lean, and wretched. But
Father Abraham has reclothed us since then those of us who are left with the
loyal blue, and, God willing, we will wear it again in the battle's front, as,
under the old flag, we, with the Cause, keep marching on !
E. H. T.
THE MONITOR " MONADNOCK."
THE Monitor Monadnock, a sketch
of which we give on page 84, is one of our most efficient iron-clads. She is
1564 tons, and mounts four 15-inch guns. She was built at the Boston Navy-yard,
and has two turrets. Her length is 259 feet 6 inches, her breadth 53 feet, with
a depth of hold of 12 1/2 feet. She was launched March 23, 1864. Admiral PORTER,
alluding in one of his official reports to this vessel, says :
" She could ride out a gale at
anchor in the Atlantic Ocean. She is certainly a perfect success so far as the
hull and machinery are concerned, and is only defective in some minor details,
which, in the building of these vessels, require the superin
tendence of a thorough seaman and
a practical and ingenious man. The Monadnock is capable of crossing the ocean I
alone (when her compasses are once adjusted properly), and could destroy any
vessel in the French or British navy, lay their towns under contribution, and
return again (provided she could pick up coal) without fear of being followed.
She could certainly clear any harbor on our coast of blockaders in case we were
at war with a foreign power."
The Monadnock Admiral PORTER
thinks inferior to the Ironsides in a contest against heavy batteries ; and yet,
he says, the latter would be no match for the former in a fight, as the
Monadnock has the greater speed.
BURNING OF THE SMITHSONIAN
ON the afternoon of January 24,
at about three o'clock, a fire broke cut in the Smithsonian Institute building
in the loft above the picture gallery, between the ceiling and the roof. The
fire is supposed to have been occasioned by a defective flue. It was not long
before the ceiling fell in and the picture gallery was in a sheet of flame. The
conflagration was nearly altogether confined to the main building and above the
first story, in which was the museum. Unfortunately, the latter was considerably
damaged by water. The wings were not much burned, and the library in the west
wing, containing over one hundred thousand volumes, was uninjured.
The loss by the fire includes the
lecture room, the philosophical laboratory with most of the instruments, the
originals of private records and the archives of the institution, together with
the destruction of the pictures in the gallery. About two hundred of STANLEY'S
pictures were here, of which only five or six were saved.
The Smithsonian Institute is
located south of Pennsylvania Avenue, on a slight eminence west of the Capitol,
in the midst of a beautiful park. The building is of red standstone, 450 feet
front by 140 in depth. The cost of the building and grounds was more than
The Institution was founded by
JAMES SMITHSON, natural son of the Duke of Northumberland, who, in 1826,
bequeathed his property to the United States. The property, amounting to half a
million of dollars, came into the possession of the Government in 1835, and
eleven years after the Smithsonian Institute was organized on the basis of a
plan submitted to President POLK by JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. The President,
Vice-President, and Cabinet, the Chief Justice, the Commissioner of Patents, and
the Mayor of Washington form the board of directors.
THE WAR GOES BRAVELY ON !
The war has now lasted about
twelve years. "To put in mildly," says the astonished reader, " that's a big
mistake !" "Sir," replies this truthful piece of print, "it is not the war
against Disunion waged by our armies, but the war against the Diseases and
Disabilities of Humanity waged by HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS, that is here
During all these years this most
potent of all medicinal PROTECTIVES and RESTORATIVES has been doing its
Samaritan work strengthening the STOMACHS, invigorating the NERVES, prolonging
the LIVES, of the FEEBLE and the SICK.
At this season it is invaluable
as a means of defending the system against the effects of exposure to cold and
damp, and those violent shocks consequent upon passing from over heated rooms
into a frigid temperature.
Use it, and escape chills and
fever, dyspopsin, irregularities of the bowels, affections of the liver, and
If you labor under any of these
afflictions, still use it; for it will restore you to health.
Avoid all the adulterated
stimulants. Remember that HOSTETTER'S BITTERS is a pure, wholesome, and
unfailing vegetable TONIC, ALTERATIVE, and RESTORATIVE. Sold every where. New
York Office, No 50 Cedar St.
AGENTS WANTED EVERY WHERE. $20 A
DAY made clear. Best chance in the world to make a fortune. Every body in
civilized life should know it. Don't fail by any means to send stamp for
circulars. J. W. STEPHENS, 239 roadway, New York.
DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR
MUSTACHES ?—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the
smoothest face without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1 sent by mail, post
free, to any address, on receipt of an order. R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau
Street, N. Y.
The Brazilian Hair Curler.
One application warranted to curl
the most straight and stubborn hair into wavy ringlets or heavy massive curls.
Sent, post-paid, on receipt of $100. Address S. S. CHASE, Cohoce, N. Y.
" THE PEN IS MIGHTIER THAN THE
SWORD." THE GOLD PEN—THE BEST OF ALL PENS, MORTON'S GOLD YENS, THE BEST PENS
IN THE WORLD. On receipt of any of the following sums in Cash, the Subscriber
will send by return mail, or otherwise, as directed, a Gold Pen or Pens
selecting the same according to description, viz.: GOLD PENS WITHOUT CASES. For
50 cents, the Magic Pen; for 75 cents, the Lucky Pen ; for $1 00, the
Always-Ready Pen ; for $125, the Elegant Pen ; and for $150, the Excelsior Pen.
These Pen are not numbered, but correspond in sizes to Number, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6
respectively. THE SAVE PENS IN SILVER-PLATED EXTENSION CASES WITH PENCILS. For
$1 00, the Magic Pen ; for $1 25, the Lucky Pen for $1 50, the Always-Ready Pen
; for $2 00, the Elegant Pen ; and for $2 25, the Excelsior Pen. These are
Well-Finished, Good-Writing Gold Pens, with Iridosmin Points, the average wear
of every one of which will far outlast a gross of the best Steel Pens ; although
they are unwarranted, and, therefore, not exchangeable. MORTON'S WARRANTED PENS.
The name, " A. Morton," "Number," and "Quality,' are stamped on the following
Pens, and the points an warranted for six months, except against accident. The
Numbers indicate size only; No. 1 being the small at, No. 6 the largest, adapted
for the pocket ; No. 4 the smallest, and No. 10 the largest Mammoth Gold Pen,
for the desk.
Long and Medium Nibs of all sizes
and qualities. Sheri Nibs of Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7, and made only of first
quality. The Long and Short Nibs are fine pointed ; the Median Nibs are Broad,
Coarse Business Points. The engraving, are facsimiles of the sizes and styles.
GOLD PENS WITHOUT CASES. For $1 25 a No . Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 3 Pen, 3d
quality. For $1 50 a ace 2 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality; or a
No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 00 a No. 3 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d
quality ; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 25 a No. 4 Pen, 1st quality; or a
No. 5 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 75 a No. 5 Pen, 1st
quality ; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $3 50 a No. 6 Pen; $4 50 a No. 7 Pen;
$5 75 a No. 8 Pen; $6 50 a No. 9 Pea; $7 50 a No. 10 Pen—all 1st quality. THE
SAME GOLD PENS, IN SILVER EXTENSION CASES, WITH PENCILS. For $2 00 a No. 1 Pen,
1st quality; or a No. 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $2 50 a No. 2 Pen, 1st quality; or
a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality. For $3 00 a No. 3 Pen, 1st
quality ; or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality; or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $3 75 a
No. 4 Pen, 1st quality ; or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality ; or a No. 6 Pen, 3d
quality. For $4 50 a No. 5 Pen, 1st quality; or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $5
75 a No. 6 Pen, let quality. GOLD PENS, ALL FIRST QUALITY, IN SILVER- MOUNTED
DESK-HOLDERS. For $2 75 a No. 4 Pen; for $3 25 a No. 5 Pen; for $4 00 a No. 6
Pen ; for $5 75 a No. 7 Pen. For $7 a No. 8 Pen; for $8 a No. 9 Pen; and for $9
a No. 10 Pen. The "1st Quality" are pointed with the very best Iridosmin Points,
carefully selected, and none of this quality are sold with the slightest
imperfection which skill and the closest scrutiny can detect. The "2d Quality"
are superior to any Pens made by him previous to the year 1860. The "3d Quality"
he intends shall equal in respect to Durability, Elasticity, and Good Writing
Qualities (the only true considerations) any Gold Pens made elsewhere. In regard
to the Cheap Gold Pens, he begs leave to say that previous to operating his New
and Patented Machines, he could not have made as Good Wilting and Durable Pens,
for the Price, had the Gold been furnished gratuitously. Parties ordering must
in all instances specify the "Name" or the " Number" and "Quality" of the Pens
wanted, and be particular to describe the kind they prefer whether stiff or
limber, coarse or fine. All remittances sent by mail in registered letters are
at my risk, and to all who send twenty cents (charge for registering), in
addition to the price of goods ordered, I will guarantee their safe delivery.
Parties sending Gold or Silver will be allowed the full premium on the day
TO CLUBS. A discount of 10 per
cent. will be allowed on sums of $12, of 15 per cent. on $24, and of 20 per
cent. on $40, if sent to one address at one time. Address A. MORTON, No. 25
Maiden Lane, New York.
THIRTY YEARS' RESEARCH. The
discoverer of the celebrated Brandreth's Pills did not decide upon their
composition until after thirty years of experiment and research into the
medicinal properties of the numerous plants composing the vegetable kingdom his
object being to compose a medicine which might always be used with safety, and
would infallibly take out impurities from the blood. The universal success which
has attended this medicine sufficiently proves how completely this object has
been attained. They have restored millions to health who were pronounced
incurable by their physicians.
Principal office, BRANDRETH
BUILDING, New York. See that B. BRANDRETH is in white letters on the Government
stamp; without which they are counterfeits.
NEW U. S. TONNAGE LAW. With the
Instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury, Diagrams, and an Example worked
out in full. 12mo, Leather, $1 00. PUBLISHED BY HARPER & BROTHERS. Sent by Mail
on receipt of $1 00.
Shults' Onguent, warranted to
produce a full set of Whiskers in six weeks, or money refunded. Sent post-paid,
for 50 cents. Address C. F. SHULTS, Troy, N. Y.
SHULTS' CURLIQUE. For curling the
Hair. Price 50 cents. Sent sealed and post-paid. Address C. F. SHULTS, Troy, N.
TO PHYSICIANS AND INVALIDS. The
Rev. Charles E. King, recently connected, as resident Minister and Physician,
with the Venezuelan Mission, will send, Free of Cost, the P'roscription with
which he successfully treated, while in change of the large Mission Hospital,
upward of One Hundred cases of Consumption, in the First, Second, and Third
Stage. The remedy is equally adapted to the treatment of Asthma. Catarrh,
Bronchitis, and all affections of the Lungs, Throat, and Air-Passages; while it
speedily invigorates the enfeebled Nervous Systerm, and energizes the deranged
functions of the Stomach, Liver, and Bowels. Address, with stamp, Rev. CHARLES
E. KING, Station D, Bible House, New York.
J. H. Winslow Co.
THE GREATEST OPPORTUNI'T'Y EVER
TO SELURE GOOD JEWELRY AT
WATCHES, CHAINS, SETS OF JEWELRY,
GOLD PENS, BRACELETS, LOCKETS, RINGS, GENT'S PINS, SLEEVE BUTTONS, STUDS, ETC.,
To be sold for ONE DOLLAR each,
without regard to value, and not to be paid for until you know what you are to
get. Send 25 cents for a Certificate, which will inform you what you can have
for $1, and at the same time get our Circular containing full list and
particulars ; also terms to Agents, which we want in every Regiment and Town in
J. H. WINSLOW & CO.,
208 Broadway, New York.
Establishment. Photographs, Albums, Lithographic Prints, Rustic Frames, &c., in
great variety, at lowest rates.
Valentines for 1865,
At prices defying competition.
Catalogues sent free. F. P. WHITING, 87 Fulton Street, New York.
Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Every
Body Send us your address. Will, in return, send you a large family news paper,
replete with good miscellaneous reading matter. Sent gratis. CHAS. E. MACKEY, 87
Nassau St., N. Y.
SHORT HAND WITHOUT A MASTER, by
art may be Iearned in a few
hours. Price 25 cents. VENTRILOQUISM made easy, and the Second-Sight mystery
explained. Price 15 cents. Sent, poet-paid, by
R. PARKER, 102 Nassau Street, New
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