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Page) certain what, under certain
circumstances, they wish to do and following their suggestions. The proposition
of Mr. DOUGLASS is that white citizens shall not impose their whims upon black;
and if any of the latter honestly wish to do as the leaders at Savannah said, it
is surely no offense in
General SHERMAN that he promised them what they wished.
Supreme good sense is always the
doing the best thing under the circumstances. Thus the Metropolitan police in
the city of New York is not theoretically according to the popular system, which
allows every community to take care of its own ordinary police. But no man in
his senses would wish to return to the old system. It is an exceptional
departure from the general law justified by circumstances. Nor is it very
difficult to find a similar solution for General SHERMAN'S order.
A man who has shown the
remarkable sagacity of SHERMAN may be safely trusted to deal with new questions.
It is clear that he will treat them all practically and not theoretically. His
education as an old army officer, and his long residence in the South had
undoubtedly made him skeptical of the heroism of the colored race, and possibly
contemptuous of their capacity. But the moment he was brought in contact with
them in the war, he looked at them and their condition exactly as they were. The
slaves who followed his army in the
march through Georgia were evidently no
enemies of his, and his conference with the Savannah leader, and his subsequent
action, show how utterly free he is from any self seeking or inhuman prejudice.
The contrast of SHERMAN'S conduct in this matter with the dull opacity of
HALLECK is as striking as that of the military genius of the three
The order is temporary, of
course. General SHERMAN has no power, nor would he wish to assume it, of finally
separating one part of our population from another. For the present he is the
virtual dictator, under the Government, of the section in which he is operating.
His means are brute force. War, as he says, is cruel. It is arbitrary. But
fortunately it is temporary. It is a very unnecessary labor to fall upon his
order and rend it as inhuman and antiquated and aiming at an impossible
separation. It is a wise expedient, like many of
General BUTLER'S acts in
Should Congress finally agree
upon a Freedman's bill, the whole subject will he at once removed from the
operation of any military order. And the object of such a bill will be to secure
the letting alone of the emancipated slaves by considering the peculiarity of
their position and saving them from the interference of white sharpers.
The military situation could not
be more promising. General Sherman has accomplished his purpose in South
Charleston has fallen, and the rebel armies have fallen back on
Charlotte, North Carolina. Sherman is pressing on in the same direction.
Charleston was evacuated on the 18th. The same day
Admiral Dahlgren took
General Lee assumed the command of all the rebel armies on the 9th.
Our foreign record is of peculiar
interest. It is quite certain that both England and France will maintain the
attitude of neutrals in relation to our civil war.
In the Senate, Mr. Johnson, of
Maryland, announced the death of
Senator Hicks from that State. The customary
resolutions of respect were passed. At 2 o'clock the corpse of the deceased was
brought into the Chamber, and the funeral services of the Masonic Order were
In the House, the customary
tribute of respect was paid to Senator Hicks.
In the Senate, the Report of
General Herron as Inspector of the Department of Arkansas was presented. A bill
was passed to authorize the settlement of claims of the American Colonization
Society for the support of recaptured Africans in Liberia.
In the House, it was resolved
that that body should meet at 11 o'clock A.M., and remain in session until 5 1/2
P.M. The Senate bill to establish steam mail communication between the United
States and Canada was passed by a large majority.
February 17 :
In the Senate, Mr. Segur's
credentials as Virginia Senator were presented, and the entire session was taken
up in the debate on their reference to the Judiciary Committee.
In the House, the Internal
Revenue bill came up, and was amended so as to levy a tax of one half of one per
cent. on sales; another amendment was adopted, providing that every bullion
broker shall take out a license for which he shall pay one thousand dollars.
February 18 :
In the Senate, the Army
Appropriation bill was taken up and amended by striking out the proviso that no
money should be paid to land-grant railroads for transportation of troops and
munitions of war for the United States. The bill was then passed with an
additional amendment providing for the repeal of all laws and regulations of the
War Department giving additional rank or pay to regular or volunteer officers.
In the House, the Internal
Revenue bill was passed, with amendments : that no peddler not enrolled shall be
licensed; laying a tax of 35 cents per pound on smoking tobacco; making
substitute-brokers pay $110 for a license; imposing a tax of 2 1/2 per cent. on
the net instead of the gross receipts of railroad companies and similar
corporations, where the net receipts are under $3000 per annum, and of 5 per
cent. on the excess of this amount. The amendment to tax sales was non-concurred
in. An amendment was concurred in taxing National and State banking associations
10 per cent. on the amount of notes of any State bank or association paid out by
them on and after January 1, 1865.
February 20 :
In the Senate, the vote on the
Army Appropriation bill was reconsidered, and the amendment equalizing the rank
and pay of volunteer and regular officers was rejected.
In the House, the Conference
report on the bill, amendatory of the act defining the pay and emoluments of
army officers, was disagreed to, and another committee asked of the Senate. The
Secretary of War sent a communication declining to furnish a copy of General
Morgan's report relative to the evacuation of Cumberland Gap. The House
then proceeded to the
consideration of the bill providing a Government for the States subverted or
overthrown by the rebellion. In the midst of the debate on this bill,
Grant's dispatch, announcing the evacuation of Charleston, was received with
In the Senate, no important
business was done.
In the House, the bill providing
a government for States overthrown or subverted by rebellion was laid on the
table, 91 to 63.
THE FALL OF CHARLESTON.
An official dispatch from General
Gillmore states that Charleston fell into our possession on the morning of the
18th inst., with over two hundred pieces of artillery (another account says that
all the guns were spiked), and a supply of ammunition. The surrounding defenses
having been evacuated during the previous night by the rebel forces, the Mayor
surrendered the city to the troops of General Schimelfening, who at once took
possession. The cotton warehouses, arsenal, quarter master's stores, rail road
bridges, two iron-clads, and several vessels in the ship yard, were burned by
the enemy. The railroad building contained 200 kegs of powder, which exploded
with terrific effect, killing and wounding upward of one hundred people. It is
supposed that 6000 bales of cotton were consumed in the warehouses. The
dwelling-houses in the lower part of the city were found to be completely
riddled by our shot and shell. The wealthy part of the population had deserted
the city, and the poor who remained were suffering for want of food. The
and Stripes were raised over
Fort Sumter by Captain H. M. Bragg.
A Cincinnati paper states that
out of nineteen hundred rebel prisoners at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, only about
one-fourth are willing to be exchanged. The remainder want to take the oath of
allegiance and remain at the North.
BOTH in England and France the
news of the fall of
Fort Fishier produced a very positive effect upon public
opinion. The Olinde, one of the Franco-rebel rants, sailed from the Isle of
Houat, off the coast of France, on the 28th of January. She had been previously
supplied by a French steamer with guns, ammunition, crew, coal, and all the
other necessaries of an outfit. It was reported that she was hound for
Charleston, for the purpose of raising the blockade. If this was really her
destination she probably sailed a little too late, in view of our recent
accounts of affairs in that vicinity. The latest reports say that the Olinde had
reached Corunna, Spain, where she lay in an unseaworthy condition.
The Paris Press, comments at
length upon the disposition shown by our House of Representatives in applying
the term republic to Mexico in the Consular and Diplomatic Appropriation bill.
There seems to be an apprehension that the prospect of peace between the North
and South will hasten on a crisis between America and Europe. The Gazette de
France regrets that the Imperial Government has not taken a more determined
attitude in relation to American affairs. The Patrie thinks the Emperor has dons
the best he could, and throws blame upon the rest of Europe for compelling
France to adopt an inactive policy. The story about the cession of Durango,
Sonora, and other provinces by Maximilian to Napoleon was discredited in Paris.
On the 4th instant there was a meeting of the Privy Council in Paris. It will be
remembered that Prince Napoleon, who is favorable to the Union, is now
Vice-President of this body. The affairs of America and their relation to France
were the chief object of the meeting. The discussion terminated in this
" That for the moment it would be
wrong to give way to exaggerated fears, and that in the face of the pacific and
conciliatory assurances which American diplomacy continues to give, the best
course to adopt is to abstain provisionally from all movement, without, however,
indulging in a false security."
The British Parliament was opened
on the 6th. The Lord Chancellor read the Queen's Speech. The conclusion of the
Danish war was briefly alluded to. Her Majesty remained steadfastly neutral
between the contending parties in the American civil war. The opening of the
Inland Sea of Japan had afforded security to foreign commerce. The conflict with
the New Zealand tribes was not yet terminated. Her Majesty had given her
sanction to the meeting of a conference of delegates from her several North
American provinces, who, on invitation from Her Majesty's Governor-General,
assembled at Quebec. Those delegates adopted resolutions having for their object
a closer union of those provinces under a central government. If those
resolutions should be approved by the provincial Legislatures a bill would be
laid before Parliament for carrying this measure into effect. Ireland during the
past year had had its share in the advantages of a good harvest, and trade and
manufactures were gradually extending in that part of the kingdom.
The same day there was an
important debate in the House of Lords on American affairs, in which the Earl of
Derby expressed his opinion that our civil war must terminate either in peaceful
separation or in the subjugation of the South. He thought that the resolutions
lately passed by the American Congress, looking to the termination of the
Reciprocity Treaty and the increased armament on the Lakes, showed a spirit of
hostility toward England. Earl Russell soon followed with a speech, in which he
claimed that Earl Derby had not made sufficient allowance for the irritation
which prevails in the United States. He thought it was unjust in the American
Government to find fault with England for what, after trying her best, she could
not help. But it was natural that such acts as had been committed should create
irritation. He said : "We have had ships fitted out here which have afterward
been sent great distances, and there received their armaments and provisions,
and then been employed to prey upon the commerce of the United States. We had
correspondence in our hands which showed that Confederate agents were
continually employed either in building ships in this country or in buying
merchant ships, which might afterward be sent to France, and thence to other
stations, where they might be fitted out as cruisers against the commerce of the
United States. Now I do say that, in fairness, when the authorities of the
United States see a number of ships that come in some way or other from English
ports and English rivers, and that these ships are afterward fitted out as men
of war, and that their commerce suffers very grievously from it I do say it is
natural that they should feel irritation. But they ought at the same time
certainly to ask this question whether Her Majesty's Government have done every
thing which the law of nations authorizes, and the municipal law of this country
permits, to prevent this country being made the basis of warlike operations, so
as to involve us in a war against the United States. I do not feel at all
surprised that the Government of the United States should be annoyed, and feel
deeply that those who are the friends of those States should have their
territories made the basis of these operations. So again with regard to Canada."
At the close of his speech Earl Russell referred to the action taken by our
Government against slavery as a matter of gratulation.
It is said that Maximilian, of
Mexico, has addressed an autograph letter to the Pope explaining his reasons for
assuming the claim of his government to all the Mexican church property.
The opening of the Suez Canal to
navigation throughout its entire length, from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean,
has been officially announced to all the chambers of commerce in Europe by M.
Lesseps, President and Superintendent.
General M'Clellan, with his
family, arrived in Liverpool on the 5th inst., and left for London on the next
day. Late advices from New Orleans state that the Mexican General Mejia,
commanding at Matamoras, has entered into arrangements with the rebel
authorities, by which all refugees from Texas are to be returned and immediately
to be conscripted into the rebel army.
General Mejia claims that in
taking this step he is acting under the orders of the Emperor Maximilian.
General Canby is said to have
sent word to General Mejia that he will retaliate by taking and holding Mexican
officers as hostages for every refugee returned to the rebels,
HOW STOLEN GOODS TRAVEL IN
ENGLAND.—Considerable ingenuity is displayed by the thieves in conveying their
unlawful possessions from one place to another. Hampers, clothes baskets, hat
boxes, carpet bags, and brown paper parcels, containing stolen articles, are
carried by women dressed like servants, and by honest and unsuspecting errand
boys, and parties who frequently have no knowledge of the contents of the
luggage. Stolen articles are booked regularly at the goods station, and travel
along the streets and railways in company with honest merchandise. A thief will
occasionally buy two or three pounds of cheese or butter, insert therein a gold
watch or a diamond ring, place the eatable upon a plate, and the savory
commodity is safely carried along the street under the detective's very nose,
whose only notion or desire concerning the cheese may be that it would make a
nice rarebit for his supper. Thousands of pounds' worth of jewelry have traveled
the whole length of a railway stitched up in a salmon or a hare. Some thieves,
it is said, once obtained, in the provinces, a large quantity of jewelry, and
devised a strange method of sending it to the fence master in London. They
purchased a very large Stilton cheese, scooped out the inside, filled it with
valuables, and then sent it off per goods train like any other cheese.
A MODEST MAN.—The Rev. Mr.
Burnham, of Winchester, Connecticut, recently enlisted in the army as a private,
and was sent to the rendezvous at New Haven. On the morning after his arrival he
was summoned before the commanding officer of the post and addressed : "Mr.
Burnham, I see by your name in the list sent to me that you are a reverend.
About a dozen reverends have enlisted and come here, but you are the first who
has staid over night without asking for a chaplaincy; so I guess we'll make you
chaplain." And he was made chaplain accordingly.
VALUABLE PREY. —A peasant in the
environs of Koenigsral (Bohemia) some time since found a hare, which had been
caught in a snare, and carried it home, where it soon recovered from its partial
strangulation and became the pet of his children. It was extremely tame, and
allowed the young folks to handle it as they pleased. One day the children, in
their play, put round its neck a necklace of gold ducats belonging to their
mother, and were highly amused at seeing their favorite thus decorated.
Unfortunately, at this moment the outer door was opened by a person entering,
and the hare scampered off into the fields with the necklace, and has not since
EXTRAORDINARY DISCOVERY IN A
FRENCH CONVENT.—The correspondent of a contemporary, writing in reference to a
strange occurrence said to have taken place in 1829 at Charenton-sur-Marne,
France, says: "May I be allowed to state that your correspondent has made a
mistake as to the locality; it should have been at Charenton-sur-Seine, near
Paris. In 1829 I was engaged on the works of Messrs. Manby and Wilson, under Mr.
Holroyd, the engineer of the works, when time after time large numbers of infant
skeletons were discovered in all parts of the premises, which, I believe, had
been a convent of a very strict order of nuns. At first we did not take much
notice of the circumstance; but when the attention of Mr. Holroyd and Mr.
Armstrong was called to the singular affair we were directed to count the
remains, and from that day we counted and placed to one side no less than 287
entire skeletons of infants. We took no account of parts of skeletons, which, if
they had been all put together, would have far outnumbered the entire ones which
were counted. I speak far within bounds when I say that there were found not
fewer than the remains of 800 children, and there was not a single bone of an
adult person among them. The mayor came to the premises and had the bones placed
in boxes and privately buried in the cemetery, and orders were given to hush up
the affair." It with be for our readers to draw their own conclusions. London
Weekly Times, January 29.
THE LAUGH OF WOMAN.—A woman has
no natural gift more bewitching than a sweet laugh. It is like the sound of
flutes on the water. It leads from her in a clear, sparkling rill ; and the
heart that hears it feels as if bathed in the cool, exhilarating spring. Have
you ever pursued an unseen fugitive through trees, led on by a fairy laugh, now
here, now there, now lost, now found? We have. And we are pursuing that
wandering voice to this day. Sometimes it comes to us in the midst of care or
sorrow, or irksome business, and then we turn away and listen, and hear it
ringing through the room like a silver bell, with power to scare away the evil
spirits of the mind. How much we owe to that sweet laugh! It turns the prose to
poetry; it flings showers of sunshine over the darkness of the wood in which we
are traveling; it touches with delight even our sleep, which is no more the
image of death, but is consumed with dreams that are the shadows of immortality.
THE MOST MARVELOUS STORY IN THE
WOULD.—Some gentlemen were dining together and relating their traveling
adventures. One of them dealt so much in the marvelous that it induced another
to give him a lesson. " I was once," said he, "engaged in a skirmishing party in
America. I advanced too far, was separated from my friends, and saw three
Indians in pursuit of me. The horrors of the tomahawk in the hands of angry
savages took possession of my mind. I considered for a moment what was to be
done. Most of us love life, and mine was both precious and useful to my family.
I was swift of foot, and fear added to my speed. After looking back for the
country was an open one I at length perceived that one of my enemies had outrun
the others; and the well known saying,' Divide and conquer' occurring to me, I
slackened my speed and allowed him to come up. We, engaged in mutual fury. I
hope none here [bowing to his auditors] will doubt the result. In a few minutes
he lay a corpse at my feet. In this short space of time the two Indians had
advanced upon me, so I took again to my heels not from cowardice, I can in truth
declare, but with the hope of reaching a neighboring wood, where I knew dwelt a
tribe friendly to the English. This hope, however, I was forced to give up, for
on looking back I saw one of my pursuers far before the other. I waited for him,
recovering my almost exhausted breath, and soon this Indian shared the fate of
the first. I had now only one enemy to deal with, but I felt fatigued, and,
being near the wood, I was more desirous to save my own life than destroy
another of my fellow-creatures. I plainly perceived smoke curling up among the
trees; I redoubled my speed; I prayed to Heaven; I felt assured my prayers would
be granted; but at this moment the yell of the Indian's voice sounded in my ears
I even thought I felt his warm breath. There was no choice: I turned round "
Here the gentleman who had related the wonderful stories at first grew impatient
past all endurance, and called out, "Well, Sir, and you killed him also?" " No,
Sir ; he killed me!"
CURIOUS MEANS OF DISTINGUISHING
REAL FROM APPARENT DEATH.—The different effect produced on living and on dead
bodies by fire is applied to this purpose. If the end of a finger or toe, for
example, of a corpse is exposed for a. few seconds to flame, the skin will rise
up in a mass, and form a very large blister, which will ultimately burst. The
fluids of the body are changed to vapor by the heat which never can occur during
life, since they would be driven off by the vital force and will continue to
ooze out, at least until the surface is reduced to the condition of a coal. It
is often very difficult to ascertain with certainty whether or not death has
taken place, and persons have been buried alive through mistake. This method is
considered to leave no doubt on the subject.
THE MEETING OF "FRIENDS."—Maori
friends, on meeting after long separation, are in the habit of rubbing noses,
like the Esquimaux and the natives of some of the Hebrides Islands, and shedding
copious floods of tears. We have seen two old fellows seize one another by the
shoulders, and try the power of friction on the points of one another's noses
with such vivacity that we have awaited the result with some anxiety, dreading
lest, when the ceremony was over, little of a nose should be left to either; but
we have never seen even a slight abrasion ; the skin seems to get hardened like
that on the palm of a working man's hand. Whether the friction of the nose
exercises any influence on the lachrymose glands we can not undertake to say ;
we can only vouch to the copiousness of the tears. But we must not mistake those
tears; they are not genuine proofs of affection. We should not
exactly say that they are
crocodile's tears; but there is about as much sincerity in them as in the
salutations which passed between two notables of a Scotch parish. John Menzie
and William Morrison were sworn friends ; or, at least, you would have supposed
them to be so from the hearty greeting which passed between them whenever they
met. They seized one another's hands, and held them in a tenacious gripe as long
as the interview lasted. Aweel," John would say, "I hae mony kind freends, but
nane I am half so glad to see as William Morrison." "And I, John," would be the
rejoinder, " wad gang a long simmer mile and mair to see your honest face." John
and William would then part. On meeting the former, we would say, " Was that
William Morrison you were talking to, John?" " Ay, ay," John would say, "a puir
silly body, easy lifted up, and easy castit doon." On meeting William, we would
say, "So you met John Menzie today, William ?" "Ay, the double faced auld
scoundrel ! I ken him weel." There is, perhaps, as much sincerity in Maori
embraces and tears as in the salutations which passed between these two
THE new seal of the state of
Nevada is nine inches in circumference too large for any practicable use. The
design represents the sun rising over mountains, a rail road train, a quartz
mill, a tunnel, a man dumping ore, and a six-mule team hauling rock. The motto
is, " All for our country."
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
To dream of nothing is lucky.
To dream that you have written
all Mr. Tupper's works (and on waking to find you haven't) is very lucky. To
dream, only to dream, that you've committed a capital crime, is lucky for you.
To dream that, in a fearful
shipwreck, you have been hurled upon a sharp rock, and to awake to a sense of
your position on the floor, is unlucky.
To dream of goblins, villains of
the deepest dye, assassins, daggers, and such things as utterly destroy your
rest, is decidedly unlucky.
To keep on dreaming and awaking
five times in a night is unlucky.
To dream that you are fighting
for your life with wild bears, and to find yourself hitting your wife on the
bead with a bolster, is unlucky, very unlucky.
To dream that you are making a
long and powerful address to a jury and to deliver the same oratorically, is
unlucky for any one who happens to be in the same room trying to go to sleep.
CLERICAL TASTE.—Church belles.
When is a cat like a
tea-pot?—When your tea's in it.
Why does a duck go under the
water?—For divers reasons.
Why does the same duck come out
of the water?—For sun dry reasons.
When does the donkey, prefer to
eat thistles rather than hay?—When he is a jackass.
Women in hoops make butts of
ALDERMAN M—'S NOTIONS, OF A BANK
DIRECTOR. One who overlooks the accounts.
When is Champagne calculated to
make an Imbiber noisy ? When the wine itself is creaming.
The lady who sunk all her capital
in railways is anxious to obtain a loop line to recover it with. She may fish
The gentleman who borrowed an
oyster knife to open an account at his banker's with is anxious to meet with a
patent cork screw to draw a check with.
The person who let fall a remark
about his friend has taken up an observation made by a third party, and the law
will be called in to decide the question of ownership.
The young heir who fell out with
his father has dropped upon a snug thing, and is therefore likely to be taken up
again by his relatives.
The lady who broke off a match
with her cousin because he would not come to the scratch has got another flame.
Lady Caroline Lamb had, in a
moment of passion, knocked down one of her pages with a stool. The poet Moore,
to whom this story was told, observed, "Oh, nothing is more natural than for a
literary lady to double down a page." "I would rather," said one of the company,
"advise Lady Caroline to turn over a new leaf."
FIGURATIVE.—A man being asked
what he had for dinner, replied, " A lean wife and the ruin of man for sauce."
On being asked for an explanation it appeared that his dinner consisted of a
spare rib of pork and apple sauce.
BANDS OF HOPE—Wedding rings.
A CHEERFUL MEASURE—The horn of
WANTED.—A firkin of butter
churned from the "milk of roses."
Brandy punches have a tendency to
make the pavement very slippery. They also make one's head heavier than his
heels, and his purse lighter than either.
A mad Englishman in Paris
recently smashed the face
of a statue in one of the public
squares because it looked
like his faithless wife. He said,
by way of apology, that he thought women of that kind should be dis-countenanced.
When a young man is about to
settle down as "the husband of one wife," he should resolve never to make her
jealous with his Wild Sallies and his gay Ann Ticks.
A MARK OF CIVIZATION.—A French
writer concluded an accound of his shipwreck in these works : " Having arrived
at an unknown region I traveled eleven hours without discovering the least trace
of any human being. At list I perceived, to my great joy, a wretch suspended on
a gibbet. 'Ah !' I exclaimed, 'I
am now in a civilized country.'"
"You're a fool," said a coxcomb,
one day, to a clown :
and the answer he got was a.
queer one. " Why, dang it !
you partly say true, I must own;
if I bean't quite a fool, I be near one."
Why are gentlemen's love letters
so liable to go astray? Because they are always miss directed.
When is a cigar like an old maid
? When there is no match for it.
A colonel of one of our cavalry
regiments was recently complaining at an evening party, that from the ignorance
and inattention of the officers he was obliged to do the
whole duty of the regiment. Said
he, "I am my own major, my own captain, my own lieutenant, my own ensign, my own
sergeant, and " "Your own trumpeter," said a lady present.
An old maid is more, liberal than
a young one. The
latter may always be willing to
lend you a hand; the former will give you one, and thank you too.
NOT SATISFIED!.—The East Indies
boast of a nutmeg weighing four ounces, and, not satisfied, is now asking for