Robert E. Lee

 

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Robert E. Lee Portrait


Civil War Harper's Weekly, July 2, 1864

Harper's Weekly newspapers were the primary source of information for people who lived at the time of the War. There were hundreds of thousands of subscribers, and millions of readers. Today, these original documents serve as an important research tool enabling the serious student to gain new insights into the war.

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General Lee

Robert E. Lee

Democratic Convention

1864 Democratic Convention

Petersburg

Attack on Petersburg

Georgia

Georgia

General Logan

General Johnny Logan

Escaped Slave

Escaped Slave

Map March

Map of Sherman's March

Escaped Slave

Escaped Slave, Union Soldier

Custer Cavalry Charge

Custer Cavalry Charge

Powhatan

Battle of Fort Powhatan

Columbia

Columbia

 

 

 

 

 

VOL. VIII.—No. 392.]

NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1864.

$1,00 FOR FOUR MONTHS.

$3,00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1864, by Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.


GEN. ROBERT EDMUND LEE.

GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE, Commander-in-Chief of the Rebel Armies, whose portrait we give on this page, is unquestionably a consummate master of the art of war. That superiority, indeed, was acquired at the expense and under the patronage of the Government he is now endeavoring to destroy; but this does not alter the fact. His career, prior to his desertion of the flag of the country, may be briefly stated. Born in 1808, he was regularly educated at West Point. In the Mexican campaign he served with the Engineer Corps, and was twice promoted for gallantry. At Chapultepec he was severely wounded. In 1852, while holding the rank of Major, he was appointed Superintendent of the

 Military Academy ; but three years afterward he was sent to Europe with McCLELLAN, then a Captain, to study the proceedings of the French and English armies in the siege of Sebastopol. About that time he was advanced to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second Regiment of Cavalry, and this was his position when the traitorously forsook his country and entered the rebel service.

General LEE, now in his fifty-sixth year, is six feet in height, erect, well-formed, and of imposing appearance ; has clear black eyes, dark-gray hair, and a heavy gray beard. He is plain in dress, wearing a black felt hat with a narrow strip of gold around it, and a plain Brigadier's coat with three stars on the collar. He is said to be popular with his army, but the conviction is growing that in General GRANT he has met his match ; and the confidence now entertained in him is not, probably, as great as formerly. In the present campaign he has displayed great tenacity and skill in the management of his army; but in all the elements of strategy GRANT has proved more than his equal.

The photograph from which our engraving is made is one taken by Messrs. MINNIS & COWELL, of Richmond, which bears the stamp of its legal registration in 1863, "in the District Court of the Confederate States for the Eastern District of Virginia." 

GEN. SHERMAN'S
CAMPAIGN.

WE continue our illustrations of General SHERMAN'S campaign in Georgia, which is only second in importance to that of General GRANT in Virginia.—On pages 424 and 425 we present a stirring picture of the REBEL ASSAULT ON GENERAL LOGAN'S POSITION in the battle at Dallas, May 28. The first attack of the enemy was made upon General HARROW'S Division, and a portion of the incomplete earth-works on the extreme front were carried by the assailants and a part of a battery captured. This success, however, was but momentary ; WALCOTT's Brigade immediately charged, driving back the enemy and recapturing the battery. The assault then became general. General LOGAN, seeing the importance of the crisis, dashed along the lines with words of cheer and encouragement, and in a few minutes his troops were swarming over the works and rushing resistlessly down upon the now retiring foe. The rebel assault was made by CHEATHAM'S, BATES'S, and WALKER'S divisions of HARDEE'S Corps. The men said they were told the

assault was to be made upon a negro brigade and a few hundred-days' men. Their loss in the assault was 3000 men. Our picture shows General MORGAN L. SMITH'S Division on the extreme left, General OSTERHAUS's Division next on the right, and General HARROW's on the extreme right.

On page 421 we give a sketch, showing GENERAL HOOKER'S ESCORT CHARGING THROUGH THE WOODS, and opening the battle near Dallas, May 25. In approaching Dallas this corps marched in three columns, General HOOKER being with the centre column, under the command of General GEARY. Just as the head of the column reached Pumpkin Vine Creek a few shots were fired by a small force of rebels. The escort under Captain DUNCAN dashed

across the bridge, which had been fired but not consumed, and a sharp skirmish ensued, the rebel force (of cavalry) being driven hack until the ammunition of the body-guard was exhausted. Then a charge was made, led by Captain DUNCAN of the escort and Colonel FESSENDEN of General HOOKER's staff. Just at this time the head of General GEARY'S column came up and was soon heavily engaged. Thus opened the battle of Dallas. Before night of the same day the commands of Generals WILLIAMS, BUTTERFIELD, HOWARD, and PALMER were all in position.

Another sketch, illustrative of the same battle, is given on page 428. It shows General WILLIAMS'S Division of HOOKER'S Corps driving the rebels

through the woods. Colonel ROBINSON'S Brigade is on the left, General RUGER'S in the centre, and General KNIPE'S on the right. On page 420 we give five sketches, showing the scene of several important events in SHERMAN'S campaign. One sketch shows the Eighth Missouri Regiment of LOGAN'S Corps reaching the railroad bridge at sunrise on the 16th of May. The enemy having evacuated Resaca on the night of the 15th, our advance was made at dawn by General LOGAN'S Corps, and Resaca very shortly entered by the Eighth Missouri, the men dashing through the town toward the bridges. The railroad bridge was destroyed, together with the old wooden bridge just fired by the enemy. The rebels had departed so quickly that they had left a caisson

on the bridge, and four guns in a small earthwork nearby.—Some of the soldiers went on to the bridge and threw into the water the planks already on fire. Of the towns of which our artist gives sketches he writes as follows :

"Adairsville is a small hamlet on the Dalton and Atlanta Railroad. Woodlands, as the map gives it, is the residence of Mr. BAIRDSLEY, an Englishman who has made some money in this country, and has since the commencement of the war been a purchasing agent for the "Confederate Government."—A slight skirmish took place on the afternoon of 18th directly in front of the house, in which the Colonel of the Second Pennsylvania was killed by the Brigade of Colonel Wilder. This Colonel was a very gallant man, and was only killed because he would not surrender. Kingston, like the railroad towns of the South, has few houses. Since the battle of Chicamauga it has been used as a hospital. The inhabitants having been removed further south, it is now the last station on the railroad, and is likely to be the scene of much activity."

On page 426 we give a topographical Map illustrative of General SHERMAN'S campaign since the capture of' Resaca. After that event the army crossed the Oostanaula River in two columns—one column, under HOOKER and SCHOFIELD, crossing just below Resaca; and the other, under McPHEARSON, THOMAS, and BUTTERFIELD, at New Echota, a little to the left of Resaca. This latter column separated itself into two after crossing the river, THOMAS and BUTTERFIELD moving on the left, and McPHERSON on the right flank ; while in the mean-time HOORER and SCHOFIELD kept the centre, moving toward Kingston, along the line of the Chattanooga Railroad. The rebel line of defense, stretching along the line of the railroad connecting Rome and Atlanta, north of the Etowah River, not being able to resist this combination, was broken up. — Kingston and Cassville thus came into our possession, though not without some sharp fighting. As a matter of course, Rome was no longer tenable by a rebel force. After resting for a few days and obtaining fresh supplies the Etowah was crossed, and Dallas—in the rear of which JOHNSTON was intrenched—was made the objective of the new lines of approach. Altoona Pass, through which the Western and Atlantic Railroad runs to Atlanta, was taken by our cavalry; and this success, together with the victory of May 28, forced the rebels to adopt a new line of' defense covering Marietta, along Lost and Kenesaw mountains. On the night of June 18 this line was partly withdrawn, but still covered the advance to Marietta.

THE REBEL GENERAL ROBERT EDMUND LEE.

Picture
Robert E. Lee

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