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PRESENT CONDITION OF
Washington correspondent says :
" I have just received a dispatch from
Governor Pickens, stating that
Anderson has now uninterrupted mail facilities, and is allowed to send to market
for fresh provisions and vegetable, whenever desired. In fact, he has the same
facilities that he had when he occupied
"I am authorized to state by the
South Carolina Commissioners that all property seized has been declared, by the
ordinance of the Convention, to be held subject to an adjustment of accounts
between the two Governments here.
"The Tax Bill has not yet passed
either House of the South Carolina Legislature. It is utterly false that any
special exaction has been made on negro or any other property. The contributions
of negro labor have been entirely voluntary on the part of these who have
rendered it. It is also the same of contributions of money, which have been very
liberal. It is equally false that Governor Aiken, or anybody else, has had any
requisition for money or labor made on him. All the appropriations of the money
thus far made by the Legislature have been furnished by the State banks in
exchange for par, and the principal part coming from the Bank of the State, of
which the State is the only stockholder. Commerce goes on as usual without
restriction. There is no scarcity of provisions, and the market is at ordinary
A telegram to the Herald, dated
Washington, January 17, says : " Colonel Hayne sent his communication to the
President today. It is understood that since the arrival of Colonel Hayne, after
a free conference with his Southern friends here, he has somewhat changed
his original intention and purpose, and instead of making an unconditional
demand for the surrender and evacuation of
Fort Sumter, he now presents it in
the shape of a suggestion. He therefore suggests to the President the propriety
of the surrender, in order to avoid bloodshed.
" The firmness of the
Administration in dealing with the secession messenger now here caused the
prominent secessionists in the city to join in advising the authorities of
Charleston to suspend the execution of their threat to take
Fort Sumter until
after the 4th of March, and
Major Anderson is to be provided with provisions
from Charleston, providing the South Carolina authorities accept the
Major Anderson accepts the humiliating terms. The South
Carolinians may yield, but it is believed that
Major Anderson will not consent
to go to
Charleston for his supplies if his government will not supply him."
WILL IT BE TAKEN ?
The following is an extract of a
letter from a reliable gentleman in
Charleston to a friend in this city:
"CHARLESTON, Jan. 11, 1861.
Star of the West
attempted on Wednesday night to come into our harbor to land government troops,
but she was driven back by our fortress at
Morris Island, and so will any other
that may make a similar attempt. We are in every way prepared to keep out any
force that may attempt to come here for any such a purpose. There is but one
feeling here—the sentiment is unanimous not to submit to the rule of the
President that has been elected. It will not be done by South Carolina. This can
be relied upon. She will suffer utter annihilation first. She can never be made
to submit. It is utterly out of the question. Every man in the State is a
soldier, and will fight to death on this question. You can form no idea of the
feeling that exists her'.
Major Anderson will be driven out of
Fort Sumter if it
costs 10,000 lives. This is a fixed fact, and in my opinion it will be done
very soon. Every preparation is being made to do it. He is in a very strong
fortification, and one that it is difficult to take, but it will be done by the
force of numbers. There are 10,000 men now anxious to make the attempt, but the
authorities want it done with the least possible loss of life, and are so
preparing themselves. It may be done before this reaches you. It will be done
forcibly, certainly, unless
Major Anderson surrenders. And that, I do not think
he will do. He has but about one hundred men, and they are in a state of
revolt. They are unwilling to fight in a war of this kind. Many of them have
Charleston and Sullivan's Island, and it is reported they refused,
on the morning that we drove back the
Star of the West, to work the guns.
Anderson did not fire a single gun on that morning, which, it is said, he would
have done if he could have got his men to obey. He has now more than half his
force in irons for refusing to obey him on that morning. This we learn from a
deserter from his fort."
AFFAIRS IN ALABAMA.
The passage of the secession
ordinance is said to have given great satisfaction at
Mobile. Money was
subscribed for the defense of the city. It seems, however, that the members of
the Convention are not prepared to sign the ordinance of secession; they have
telegraphed their delegation in Congress not to resign their seats. All the
ships in Mobile have cleared for foreign ports. On 15th the Legislature met at
Montgomery. The Governor's Message urges the necessity that Alabama at once be
placed upon the most efficient war footing, and the appointment of a Military
Board by the Legislature.
SECESSION OF FLORIDA.
The ordinance of secession was
signed on 11th at Tallahassee, amidst the firing of
cannon and general
enthusiasm. The seizure of the forts was noticed in our last number.
SEIZURE OF THE FLORIDA FORTS.
Secretary Toucey has received the following dispatch from Flag-officer
Pensacola Navy-yard :"Armed bodies of Florida and
Alabama troops appeared before the gate of the Navy-yard and demanded
possession. Having no means of resistance, I surrendered, and hauled down my
flag. They are now in possession."
Captain Farran, Commander in the
Yard, has notified the Department of his resignation. A dispatch to the Florida
Senators says : " We repaired down here and
captured Fort Barancos and Navy-yard, and then paroled the officers, granting
them permission to continue to occupy their quarters. We are now in possession.
This move was in consequence of the Government garrisoning
Fort Pickens, which
has before remained unoccupied. You will propose to the Administration
resuming the statu quo ante bellum, and we will immediately evacuate."
It is said at the Department that
the Navy-yard contained a hundred and fifty-six thousand dollars' worth of
THE GEORGIA SECESSION CONVENTION.
This body met last week, and duly
organized. On 18th it adopted a resolution declaring—first, that it is the duty
of Georgia to secede from the Union ; and second, appointing a committee to
prepare an ordinance of secession. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 165
THE CONVENTION IN ARKANSAS.
An attempt to pass a Convention
Bill having failed to pass the Senate of Arkansas, the Arkansas Legislature on
16th unanimously passed a bill submitting the question of calling a Convention
to the people on the 18th of February. If a majority favors a Convention, the
Governor is to appoint the day.
ACTION OF MISSOURI.
Mr. Johnson, Chairman of the
Committee on Federal Relations, in the Missouri Senate, introduced a bill in the
Senate on 16th January, which provides that the Governor shall appoint one
Commissioner from each Congressional District to a Consulting Convention of the
States, to be held at
Nashville, on the 4th of February, to agree upon a common
issue, by way of amendment to the Constitution, to be made by the Slave States,
and the result to he laid before the Convention called in the third section. To
that Convention the Governor is directed to appoint three Commissioners from
this State, to meet three Commissioners from each of the thirty-three States—the
latter Convention to be held at Wheeling on the 11th of February, for the
purpose of adjusting the present difficulties, to preserve the Union, and to
avert civil war. The Governor is also required to appoint one Commissioner to
proceed to Illinois and request the Legislature to second the movewent, and use
its influence with the other Free States to
have conservative men appointed
Wheeling Convention. The introduction of this bill gave general
The bill was amended by the
adoption of a provision similar to that contained in the Virginia bill,
submitting the action of the Convention to the people, after which the whole
subject was tabled, and a substitute, embracing an entirely new
proposition.—asking Congress to call a Convention for the redress of grievances,
as provided in the fifth article of the Constitution—was introduced by Mr.
A petition praying for the
adoption of the Crittenden propositions by Congress, bearing nearly 6000 names,
has been forwarded to the Missouri representatives at Washington.
THE VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE.
In the Virginia Senate, on 17th
January, the Committee on Federal Relations reported resolutions that, in the
opinion of the General Assembly, the propositions embraced in the Crittenden
resolutions constitute such a basis of adjustment as would be accepted by the
people of this Commonwealth; that Commissioners be appointed to the General
Government, also to South Carolina and other seceding States, with instructions
respectfully to request the President and the authorities of such States to
agree to abstain, tending the proceedings contemplated by the action of this
General Assembly, from acts calculated to produce a collision of arms between
the States and the General Government. Considerable opposition was manifested,
and a substitute offered.
The House has adopted the
resolutions reported by the Committee on Federal Relations, contemplating a
National Convention at Washington -on the 4th of February, with an amendment
that the Commissioners appointed shall be subject at all times to the control of
the General Assembly, or if in session, to that of the State Convention. This embraces
the approval of Mr. Crittenden's proposition.
On 18th, the Virginia House of
Delegates passed a bill appropriating one million of dollars for the defense of
the State; also a bill authorizing an issue of
treasury notes to that amount,
bearing six percent. interest.
MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF
At the extraordinary session of
the Kentucky Legislature, in Frankfort, Governor Magoffin, in his Message
transmitted on 17th, asks the Legislature to express their approbation of
Crittenden's resolution ; says that eight States will have seceded before their
deliberations close: and that Tennessee has referred the whole subject to her
people; Virginia and North Carolina are discussing the propriety of a similar
course ; Missouri seems likely to adopt a similar policy—it submits to the
Legislature the propriety to provide for the election of delegates to a
Convention, to assemble at an early day, to determine the future interstate and
Federal relations of Kentucky. Mean-while, he would leave no experiment untried
to restore fraternal relations between the States ; he recommends a Convention
of the Border Slave States, to meet early in February at Baltimore. The Governor
says the hasty and inconsiderate action of the seceding States does not meet our
approval, but Kentuckians will never stand by with folded arms while those
States, struggling for their constitutional rights, are being subjugated to an
Anti-Slavery Government. He asks the Legislature to declare, by a re-solution,
the unconditional disapprobation by Kentucky of the employment of force in any
form against the seceding States, and asks appropriations for arming and
equipping a volunteer militia.
A correspondent of the
Petersburgh Express writes from Waco, Texas, under date of January 2:
"General Sam Houston addressed the
people here yesterday in a highly conservative speech. He declared that he felt
it to be his solemn duty to warn the people of his State against the extremities
into which the politicians of South Carolina and other States would hurry them.
He declared emphatically that he would not give his official sanction to the
call of a Convention, except upon condition that the people of Texas should
afterward pass judgment upon its action. He was listened to with attention and
respect while speaking, but it was perfectly obvious that the crowd was against
him in sentiment; and after the close of his remarks the voice of bitter
denunciation was heard in every private circle. 'Old San Jacinto,' however,
bears the abuse heaped upon him with great equanimity. He says he is right, and
that time will convince his present assailants of the wrong they are inflicting
upon the country. His old companions in arms, the 'early settlers' of Texas, are
generally with him on the absorbing issue of the day—at least, such is the case
with those I have seen in this quarter."
MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF
The inauguration of Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, took place
Harrisburg on 15th. The Gubernatorial Message pledges the State
Administration to stand by the Constitution and the Union, and says there is
nothing in the life or acts of
Mr. Lincoln to warrant the idea that his policy
will be inimical to any section; that nothing has occurred to justify the
present excitement: that if Pennsylvania has passed laws obstructing the
fulfillment of the National compact, they ought to be repealed ; that when
prostrated by the legislation of the General Government adverse to her
interests, she has patiently waited for redress ; that by her action in the
late election she had no design to interfere with the rights of other States;
that no State can secede or absolve itself from the obligations of the Union ;
that it is the first duty of the Federal Government to stay anarchy and enforce
the laws; and that amendments to the Constitution, made in a constitutional
manner, will be deliberately considered by the people as the importance demands.
MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF
The Wisconsin Legislature met and organized on 10th, and Governor
Randall's Message was delivered at noon. It commends the subject of military
affairs to the wisdom and discretion of the Legislature, and says the signs of
the times indicate that there may arise a contingency in the condition of the
Government when it will become necessary to respond to the call of the national
Government for men and means to maintain the integrity of the Union and thwart
the designs of men engaged in organized treason. On the subject of secession he
says this is not a league of States, but a government of the people. The general
Government can not change the character of a State Government, or usurp any
power over it not delegated, nor can any State change the character of the
United States Government, restrict or increase its jurisdiction, or impair any
of its rights. He argues that the
election of Mr. Lincoln was legal, and is no
just cause for complaint from any quarter. He says the Constitution makes no man
a slave. Slavery can not go into free territory under the Constitution, neither
can it exist outside of local law; therefore the Personal Liberty laws are
found, or should be, upon the statute in every State. Every living human being
has the right to a legal test, whether he is a free man or a slave. Should the
Legislature think the Personal Liberty Bill of Wisconsin in conflict with the
United States Constitution, then it should be made to conform therewith, but no
fear and no hope of a reward should induce a free people to break down the
walls of their protection. We will make a sacrifice of our feeling to
conciliate, but no sacrifice of our principles. The right of a State to secede
can never be admitted. Once in the Union, a State must remain until the Union is
The Message gives great
STOPPAGE OF THE MISSISSIPPI
We have reports of a terrible
state of affairs on the Mississippi River. It is stated that the Mississippi
secessionists have planted cannon at various points along the banks of the
river, that one steamboat has been denied passage, while others have been
overhauled, and that several respectable persons have been compelled to return
to the places from whence they started. These reports are partially verified by
a member of Congress.
THE LAW OF TREASON.
On Monday, 14th, Judge Smalley
delivered an important charge to the Grand Jury in the United States Circuit
Court, on the law of high treason. He told them that the seizure of United
States property and firing on the United States flag by persons owing allegiance
to the United States, constituted high treason by levying war; that no
State could absolve citizens from
their allegiance to the General Government; and that neither South Carolina nor
any other State could legally protect citizens of other States in waging war
against their Government. He laid down the legal definition of treason, and
declared it to be the duty of all good and true citizens to do every thing in
their power to suppress rebellion, expose treason, and bring traitors to
AID FROM NEW YORK.
The Legislature has offered the
President all the militia of New York. On 17th, the Governor transmitted the
following communication from President Buchanan, in response. The original of
the President's letter is all in his own handwriting:
" WASHINGTON CITY, Jan. 14, 1861.
" His Excellency, Edwin D. Morgan, Governor of New York :
"SIR,—I have bad the honor to
receive your communication, covering the resolutions which have passed the
Legislature of New York, on the 11th inst., tendering to the President of the
United States the military force of the State ' in support of the Constitution
and the Union ;' and shall give them that respectful consideration to which they
are entitled, from the importance of the subject, and the distinguished source
from which they emanated.
"Yours very respectfully,
The following appears in the
Washington correspondence of the Baltimore Sun:
" The leaders of the Southern
movement are consulting as to the best mode of consolidating their interests
into a confederacy under a provisional government. The plan is to make Senator
Hunter, of Virginia, Provisional President, and
Commander-in-Chief of the army of defense. Mr. Hunter possesses in a more
eminent degree the philosophical characteristics of Jefferson than any other
statesman now living. Colonel Davis is a graduate of West Point, was
distinguished for gallantry at
Buena Vista, and served as Secretary of War under
President Pierce, and is not second to
General Scott in military science or
The Tribune correspondent says:
Major Anderson's correspondence with
Governor Pickens has been subjected to
some comments, it is proper that certain important facts should be known to the
public. In consequence of his communication being cut off, he had no means of
correspondence with the War Department, to know its purposes or convey his own
views, except by accidental and unfrequent opportunities. It was decided here,
after his removal to
Fort Sumter, and the departure of the South Carolina
Commissioners, to send reinforcements, and four companies of artillery, from
Fort Monroe, were ordered to the Brooklyn for that purpose. These orders were
afterward countermanded, and Major Anderson's brother carried him the
intelligence of that decision. Regarding it as conclusive, he could and did not
expect to be reinforced. He had no knowledge whatever concerning the movements
of the Star of the West or of her transports. The first intimation that reached
him was the booming of cannon from
Morris Island and
Fort Moultrie. When he saw
the national flag hoisted at her mast-head, and heard the firing repeated, his
batteries facing Fort Moultrie and the ship channel were unmasked, manned, and
the gunners stationed with matches in their hands, waiting the signal to fire.
The steamer turned and put to sea, and thus the bloody reckoning was averted.
This statement will explain the general terms of his first
letter to Governor Pickens concerning the firing upon the flag, as he had none of the information
concerning the steamer which was familiar to every body else. Had he known her
mission, fort Moultrie would have been battered down."
Henry S. Lane was inaugurated
Governor of Indiana on 14th, and was on 16th elected United States Senator by
the Legislature. He has resigned the Governorship. O. P. Morton, the
Lieutenant-Governor, appeared and was sworn in as Governor.
Mrs. Lincoln, wife of the
President-elect, is now in this city, and, it is said, will remain here for a
few days, in order to make some needful purchases for the White House.
THE BOY MORTARA AGAIN.
A PRELIMINARY meeting of Jews of
England, France, Italy, and America, has been held at the Mansion House, London,
for the purpose of concerting new efforts for the restoration of the child
Mortara to his parents.
THE RECEPTION ON NEW-YEAR'S DAY.
The Paris Moniteur says Lord
Cowley confined himself on New-Year's Day to presenting to
Napoleon the respects
and congratulations of the diplomatic corps, in whose name he spoke. The Emperor
replied : " I thank you for the wishes which you have expressed to me. I regard
the future with confidence, being convinced that the friendly understanding
between the Powers will maintain peace, which is the object of my desires."
FRANCE AND THE EASTERN QUESTION.
We read in the correspondence to
the London Herald: "The great topic of conversation to-day is an incident which
took place last night at the Theatre du Cirque Imperial during the first
performance of the ' Massacres de Syrie,' a melodrama which, though produced
under an-other author's name, is well known to be the work of M. Mocquard, the
Emperor's Secretary and Chef du Cabinet. You may easily form an idea of the
plot—the Drums are represented in the blackest colors, and the Maronites are the
very embodiment of persecuted innocence ; the french army are heroes, avengers,
liberators, etc. Thee is much expenditure of gunpowder, but the glory,"
greatness,' and ' disinterestedness' of France settle every thing satisfactorily
by the end of the fifth act. The authorship of the piece being well known, and
the Emperor having intimated his intention to ' assist' at the first
performance, a great number of diplomatists had taken boxes, end the remainder
of the audience was made up of Senators, functionaries, journalists, police
spies, and gamins. The Emperor arrived at about eight o'clock, when the first
act was over, and was loudly applauded on his entrance. The four last acts are
literally crammed with allusions to the `beneficent' influence of France, which
invariably brought down the house, all turning their eyes on the Emperor, who
looked on with an appearance of grim satisfaction. But matters came to a climax
when, in the middle of the third act, the actor re-presenting Abd-el-Kader, gave
utterance to the following sentence : ' The Eastern question can only be solved
by the sword of Napoleon III.' The audience rose in a state of frantic
enthusiasm, shouting, ' Vive l' Empereur !' ' rive la Questione d'Orient!' His
Majesty appeared to appreciate the compliment, for he rose and advanced to the
front of the box, bowing repeatedly, while the members of the corps diplomatique
looked extremely blue. In Paris to-day this incident was spoken of as a
political manifestation, and at the Bourse particularly it produced a very
DEATH OF THE KING.
A telegram from Cape Race announces the death of the
King of Prussia.' His Majesty King Frederick William
IV., son of Frederick William III., was born on October
15, 1795. The very greatest care was bestowed upon his
education, and some of the most distinguished men of the
day were his instructors. The late monarch was present
at most of the great battles fought in 1813, 1814, and 1815,
although he was not intrusted with any command. He
was called to the throne in 1840 by the death of his father,
and distinguished his accession by repairing several of the
injuries which had grown out of his predecessor's system
of government. But the liberality that marked the early
part or King Frederick William's reign was not kept up.
The Constitution, promised in
1815, was long delayed and, after it was granted, the King, on more than one
occasion, sought the aid of the Chambers to release him from the provisions that
guaranteed representative Government. During the Crimean war, the King in
endeavoring to keep friends with either party, lost the regard of both. He
showed himself to be time-serving, vacillating, and in-sincere. With all his
faults, however, Fred( rick William was a sincere friend of science and the
arts. He surrounded his throne with eminent men. His Majesty had been in
exceedingly bad health and often insane for several years, during which time the
Government of the Kingdom was administered by his brother, the late
Prince-Regent, but now Frederick William V. The new King is generally regarded
as an absolutist, and opposed to popular representation. It has been predicted
that, upon his ascending the throne, Prussia would have a strong government or
undergo a revolution. He is exceedingly ambitious—resolute and determined in his
views—and has made Frederick the Great a model for all his conduct. His
Majesty's eldest son married the Princess Royal of Ent) gland.
PROTESTANTISM IN THE ASCENDANT.
The Austrian Ministry has drawn
up a bill relative to the liberty of the Protestant Church in the Hungarian
Provinces. Several enactments of it are absolutely contrary to the stipulations
of the Concordat.
DISTURBANCES IN HUNGARY.
A telegram dated Pesth, Sunday,
January 6, says : "Yesterday disturbances took place at Keerekrempt Hungary,
which necessitated the intervention of the garrison. The soldiers were compelled
to make use of their fire-arms, and five persons were severely wounded."
THE FRENCH AT GAETA.
The rumored departure of the
French fleet from Gaeta has been contradicted. It is now stated that a Russian
frigate, fully armed, has anchored off Gaeta, and suspicion is of course
awakened that this event is the first symptom of the rumored intention of Russia
to supply the protection France is about to withdraw. It seems, however,
somewhat premature to draw any decided inference from the bare fact as at
present stated. It is said that the Queen of Naples has left Gaeta, in
consequence of the approach of her confinement.
The Paris correspondent of the
London Star says : " The secret of the maintenance of the French fleet before
Gaeta is thought to be discovered in the appearance of a Russian vessel, well
armed and equipped, alongside of the French ships, which confirms the
announcement made some time ago in the chancelleries of the various Russian
embassies, that should the Emperor Napoleon withdraw his protection the Emperor
Alexander would take his place. The arrival of the Russian ship hat created a
singular sensation here—something between hope and fear—and, moreover, a sudden
enlightenment as to the subject of the secret conferences of Warsaw."
CONSPIRACY AT NAPLES.
A telegram dated Naples, Friday,
January 4, says: "A conspiracy of the Bourbon party has been discovered, but it
is without importance. Four Royalist Generals have been arrested, with some of
the agents of King Francis II., who had come from Gaeta. Prince Carignan is
expected here on the 15th inst. Several Neapolitan officers have been arrested."
THE SALE OF VENETIA.
The Paris correspondent of the
London Herald says: "I am informed that negotiations are still being attempted
for the sale of Venetia. They are, according to private letters from a
well-informed source at Vienna, mere waste of time. The Austrian government, it
is moreover stated, has sent a note to Paris and London, intimating that she
will only give up Venetia when driven out of the quadrilateral by fore of arms.
We may, therefore, consider war in the spring as inevitable. According to
private letters, from Berlin, one hundred and twenty rifled guns are being made
for the Austrian government. One half of the order is to be completed and
delivered by the 15th of January, and the remainder by the 1st of March."
THE LOOT OF THE PALACE.
The China Telegraph says: "The
prize-money taken in the Emperor's Summer Palace, situated some miles nut of
Pekin, amounts (for the troops engaged there) to about £23,000, and is made up
by a sum of £14,000 in sycee silver, which the French handed over in accordance
with the terms of the treaty) as the British share, of what they had found in
the Imperial Treasury, and by one of £9,000, realized by the sale by auction in
the camp of articles which English officers had looted, and which Sir Hope Grant
made them give up, declaring on their words of honor that they had done so; the
articles brought large prices, and as Sir Hope Grant and his two generals of
divisions, Napier and Michel, gave up their shares, it, allowed for the army the
following kale: First-class field officers £60; second-class field officers,
£50; chaplains, £40; lieutenants, £30; ensigns, £20; sergeants, etc., £7 10s;
privates, .L'5. The prize-money would have been very considerable had the French
not had possession of the palace for two days prior to our troops coming up to
it. The French, it is supposed, had some private information. General Montauban
is said to have realized £50,000 as his personal share."
THE TRIUMPH OF THE LIBERALS.
We read in the Mexican
Extraordinary, of Mexico City, December 28th:
"Neither time nor space admit of
our going into lengthened details of the fall of the clergy rule in this
capital. Suffice it to say, that after the fall of Guadalajara, on the 30th of
October, General Ortega, principal military chief of the Constitutional forces,
lost no time in marching his troops in this direction.
" Miramon left Mexico with the
greater part of his troops, to attempt to carry out his plans, and the first
news we had of the result was brought here by himself on Sunday morning, the
23d. He arrived here, accompanied only by two or three adjutants. The story was
soon out. He had lost every thing. Consternation was at once depicted upon the
faces of all his partisans, and hiding-places were to demand."
The account of the battle is thus
briefly given by General Ortega:
REPUBLIC OF MEXICO, FEDERAL ARMY.
THE GENERAL-IN-CHIEF TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE MINISTER OF WAR :
"On this day, alter a hard fight,
the forces under my command have entirely defeated the troops of the enemy, who,
in strength of eight thousand men, with thirty pieces of artillery, were headed
by D. Miguel Miramon, Marquez, Velez, Negrete, Ayesteran, Cobos, Valle, and
Joaquin Miramon. They abandoned fit its their trains, artillery, and anmmnition
and thousands of prisoners. The fight commenced at eight o'clock in the morning
on the heights of San Miguel Calpulalpan, and was finished a little after ten
o'clock the same morning. Those of our troops who took part in the action were
the divisions front Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Morelia, Guanajuato and one
brigade from Guadalajara. To the valor of these we owe this important triumph,
which has undoubtedly secured the pacification of the republic. -
"I beg your Excellency to
congratulate his Excellency the President for tithe success, advising him tint
probably the day after to-morrow the Federal army will be in the capital of the
republic; and in the name of the army I beg his Excellency the President to come
as seen as possible to that city, in order to act more promptly in behalf of the
" HACIENDA OF SAN FRANCISCO,
December 22, 1860."
Early on the morning of the 25th
the forces of Aureliano entered and took possession of the city gates, and early
in the day the Constitutional forces commenced pouring in. General Ortega
entered about noon, without any pomp or display, and took up his quarters in the
National Palace. President Juarez and his Cabinet are expected here with in a