Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
"When Hoppner, the painter, was residing in a cottage
a few miles from London, Porson, one afternoon, unexpectedly
arrived there. Hoppner said that he could not offer him dinner, as Mrs. Hoppner
had gone to town, and had carried with her the key of the closet which contained
the wine. Porson, however, declared that he would be contented with a
mutton-chop, and beer from the next ale-house; and accordingly staid to dine.
During the evening Porson said, 'I am quite certain that Mrs. Hoppner keeps some
nice bottle, for her private drinking, in her own bedroom; so pray, try if you
can lay your hands. on it.' His host assured him that Mrs. Hoppner had no sch
secret store; but
Porson insisting that a search should be made, a bottle was at last discovered
in the lady's apartment, to the surprise of Hoppner, and the joy of Porson, who
soon finished its contents, pronouncing it to be the best gin he had tasted for
a long time. Next day Hoppner,
somewhat out of temper, informed his wife that Porson had drunk every
drop of her concealed dram. 'Drunk every drop of it!' cried she. 'Good Heavens,
it was spirits of wine for the lamp !'"
" Do you believe in fore-runners ?" asked a nervous lady of old Deacon I.
"Yes, ma'am," replied the Deacon ; " I've
seen them!" "Bless me !" exclaimed the lady; " do tell!"
"Yes," continued the Deacon, fixing
his eyes with a solemn stare on a dark corner of the room; " I
one now !"
"Mercy! mercy on me!" shrieked the lady, "where?" "There! there!" said the
Deacon, pointing to where his eyes were directed. "That cat, ma'am, may be
fore-runner, for she runs on all fours !"
When is coffee like the earth?—When it is ground.
ON Tuesday, 23d
July, in the Senate, the bill to provide for the transportation of arms and
munitions of war to the loyal citizens of rebel States, and for the military
of such citizens, was reported from the Committee on Military Affairs, and
passed. It appropriates two millions for the purposes specified. The bill to
refund duties on arms was also passed. A bill to punish frauds in making
contracts with the Government was reported from the Judiciary Committee, and
laid over under the rule. The Senate went into Executive session, and
subsequently adjourned without doing any further public business.—In the House,
Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky, made two ineffectual attempts to introduce a
resolution inquiring of the Secretary of War whether there are armed negroes in
the service of the Government. A bill was passed which changes the political
Districts in Kentucky and Missouri. Mr. Stevens reported from the Committee of
Ways and Means a bill providing for additional revenue by taxation. It was
referred to the Committee of the Whole, and the House soon afterward adjourned.
On Wednesday, 24th, in the Senate, a resolution was adopted instructing the
Judiciary Committee to inquire into the expediency of administering the oath of
allegiance to each military and naval officer in the service. The House bill to
define and punish conspiracy was reported from the Judiciary Committee, with a
recommendation that it pass. The bill regulating the pay of the revenue service
was passed. Senator Wilson's bill to promote the efficiency of the volunteer
force was taken up and discussed at considerable length. It provides that
incompetent officers may be superseded by the President. The bill to provide for
the payment of the Government Police in Baltimore was passed, after some
opposition. Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, offered a resolution similar to that
passed the House a day or two ago, offered by Mr. Crittenden, declaring that the
war has been forced upon
the Government by Southern disunionists, but that it ought to cease when the
authority of the Government is re-established. It was laid over.—In the House, a
bill was reported from the Committee on Commerce, and passed, authorizing the
appointment of Consuls at
ports where it may
be deemed necessary for the prevention of piracy. The Senate bill providing for
a Board to report on the matter of iron or steel-clad steamships and batteries
was passed ; also the bill providing for
an Assistant-Secretary of the Navy; also the bill providing for an
increase of the Naval Medical Corps ; also the bill authorizing the President to
accept the services of 500,000 volunteers.
A resolution was reported from the Judiciary Committee, and passed,
inquiring of the President the reasons which induced the imprisonment of the
Baltimore Police Commissioners.
A bill, similar to that of the Senate, providing for the payment of the
provoked considerable debate, but finally passed. The House then discussed the
bill to provide for raising revenue by direct taxation, and it was finally
committed to the Committee on Ways and Means, with instructions to provide a
method for the assessment of the tax.
On Thursday, 25th, in
the Senate, a Select Committee was ordered to inquire into the circumstances of
the surrender of the Navy-yards at Pensacola
Armory at Harper's Ferry.
A joint resolution, pledging support to the Government to carry
the present war to a successful termination, was introduced by Senator
Clarke, and laid over under the rule. The President was requested by resolution
to inform the Senate what instructions have been given to our foreign ministers
in reference to the rebellion. The bill to indemnify States for the
expense incurred in defending the Government was reported from the Finance
Committee and passed. The bill to increase the revenue was debated, but not
definitely acted upon. The resolution introduced by Senator Johnson, of
Tennessee, on Wednesday, similar to that introduced by Mr. Crittenden
in the House, setting forth the objects of the war, and placing the
responsibility for it with the Southern Disunionists, was then taken
up and debated at
considerable length by Senators Polk, Trumbull, Collamer, Fessenden, Hale,
Kennedy, Breckinridge, Sherman, Doolittle, and others. It was passed, 30 to
House, Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, made
a personal explanation,
and apologized for the part he took in the debate on 24th, in reference to Mr.
Burnett, of Kentucky.
The Senate bill
supplementary to the Loan Act, with
an amendment authorizing the issue of Treasury notes of a denomination
less than fifty dollars, was reported from the Committee of Ways and Means, and
passed. The Direct Tax and Internal Duties Bill was then considered in Committee
of the Whole until the adjournment.
Its provisions were debated with considerable spirit, and an amendment
was adopted providing that slaves shall be taxed. The bill was not finally
On Friday, 26th, in the Senate, several bills were passed : among others one
providing for the building of
an iron bridge over the Potomac at Washington, one ordering a Board of
Commissioners to examine the compensation of all the officers of the Government,
one to punish fraud in Government contracts, one to define and punish
conspiracy, and one to provide for the suppression of rebellion; besides
a joint resolution declaring that the supremacy and integrity of the
Union must be maintained. Senator Kennedy presented a memorial from the
Mayor and citizens of Baltimore complaining of the Government interference with
the police force there. The resolution for the maintenance of the supremacy of
the Union was passed with only one dissenting vote—that of Senator Breckinridge.
The bill to provide revenue was discussed, but was not finally disposed of when
the Senate went into Executive session.—In the House, after a discussion of some
length in reference to the day of final adjournment, which led to no definite
conclusion, the Direct Tax bill was taken up in Committee of the Whole.
Various amendments were proposed
and discussed, but the Committee finally rose without voting, and the
House soon afterward adjourned.
On Saturday, 27th, the Senate was occupied by a speech from
Hon. Andrew Johnson,
Senator from Tennessee.
In the course of his speech he reminded the Government that the Union men
of East Tennessee were without arms, and that it was necessary they should be
armed for protection.-In
the House, the Senate bill appropriating two
millions to pay
transportation of arms to the Union
men in the rebel States, and for the military organization
of such men, was passed. The Direct Tax bill
was then taken up in Committee
Whole, and after
enacting clause was stricken out, the principal point of objection being that it
proposed to tax the people unequally. When the Committee rose, the matter, on
motion of Mr. M'Clernand, of Illinois, was recommitted to the Committee of Ways
and Means, with instructions to report forthwith a tax bill on the basis of
twenty trillions by direct taxation, and that such other sums as may be
necessary be raised on the personal income and wealth of the country. This tax,
it will be recollected, is for the payment of the interest on the public debt to
be incurred in the war. No other business was done.
On Monday, 29th, in the Senate, the act supplementary to the act authorizing a
loan was reported from the Committee on Finance and passed, with an amendment
authorizing the issuing of Treasury notes of the denomination of five dollars.
Senator Wilson introduced a bill, which was referred to the Military Committee,
appropriating ten millions for the purchase of arms. It was subsequently
reported from the Committee and passed. Senator Hale announced an agreement of
the Conference Committees on a bill to appoint an Assistant Secretary of the
Navy, and also on the bill increasing the Navy Medical corps.
A bill for the suppression of the sale of liquors in the District of Columbia
was passed. It prohibits the sale of liquors to soldiers, under penalty of
twenty-five dollars for each offense. The Tariff bill was then taken up and
debated until the adjournment rendered necessary by the lack of a quorum.-In the
House, Mr. Horton, in accordance with instructions, reported from the Committee
of Ways and Means the modified Direct Tax bill. It is on the basis of twenty
millions, to be apportioned among the States according to population. The House
refused to order an immediate vote on the passage of the bill, and its
provisions were discussed at considerable length. It finally passed as it came
from the Committee, 77 to 60. A bill was reported from the Committee of Ways and
Means which appropriates ten millions for the purchase of arms. The Senate bill
further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, was passed. Mr. Cox,
of Ohio, sought to introduce a series of resolutions looking to the appointment
of a Commissioner to meet a similar Commissioner from the rebel States, to
attempt the task of adjusting the National difficulties. The House refused to
suspend the rules to receive it, 85 to 45, and adjourned.
Troops continue to pour into Washington, and under the vigorous measures
General McClellan the city will, doubtless without delay, be
placed in a situation to defy any attempts which the rebel leaders, in the flush
of recent victory, may be disposed to make upon it. General McClellan has
visited the various intrenchments on the Virginia side, in the short time during
which he has had command, and taken
such steps as he has considered necessary to make them impregnable.
We have now about 70,000 troops in and around
Washington, well armed and
equipped, and rapidly coming under a more perfect system of discipline
than they have yet
had experience of.
REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY.
A complete reorganization of the army is to take place immediately, and such
steps will be adopted as will insure us, as far as it is possible to do so,
against incompetency among the officers. To this end general orders were issued
last week from the War Department, that all officers of regiments will hereafter
be subject to examination by a
board of officers, to be appointed by the Secretary of War, with the
concurrence of the Lieutenant-General, in order that their fitness for the
positions assigned them may be
assured—their places, should they be found incompetent, to be filled by
officers who shall have passed an examination
successfully. Business at the War Department is remarkably
heavy. Tenders of troops are made in surprising numbers. Nearly eighty
thousand new men have been
accepted, and are now being mustered into the service. It is understood
that Illinois alone has offered seventeen, and Indiana ten new regiments, some
of which are already on the way.
MORE MEN WANTED.
Governor Morgan has, under the requisition of the
President for more troops, called for twenty-five thousand additional
volunteers, to serve for three years or during the war. A general order,
prescribing the mode of organization, will be issued immediately. The rendezvous
will be at
New York, Albany, and Elmira, with the head-quarters at Albany.
OUR KILLED, WOUNDED, AND MISSING.
A full list of the killed, wounded, and missing, at the
battle of Bull Run, up to the latest advices, gives the following
OUR WOUNDED AT MANASSAS.
From intelligence received in Washington on 29th from
a lady (Mrs. Hinsdale, of Detroit) just come from
Manassas Junction, it appears that
General Beauregard and
General Johnston were both there on Thursday, that a very large force of rebels was concentrated there, and that active preparations for a
renewed attack on the Union army—probably
on Washington—were going on. This lady reports having
seen several prisoners taken at Bull Run, and states that
they are well cared for. The rebel loss at Bull Run, she
says, is reported to be 1200 killed and 1500 wounded.
Mrs. Hinsdale was taken prisoner by the rebels, and compelled to act as a
nurse in the hospitals at Manassas. She
was subsequently released, and returned to Washington
on a pass from one of General Beauregard's aids. The
above statement was made to
General Mansfield on 29th.
THE REBEL FORCE AT BULL RUN.
It is established that the Secessionists had 91,000 men within their lines at
Bull Run on the morning of Sunday last, and that Jeff Davis in person brought up
17,000 more from Richmond, who reached them about noon. They had therefore fully
three times as many as
General McDowell, and four times as many as were brought
into action on our side.
HOW THE BATTLE OF BULL RUN CAME TO BE
In Congress, on Wednesday 24, Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, said: "I repeat that
General Scott had been forced to fight this battle. I will tell him what
occurred yesterday morning. My colleagues (Logan and Washburne) and myself were
present with the President, Secretary of War, and General Scott. In the course
of our conversation, General Scott remarked, 'I am the biggest coward in the
world.' I rose from my seat. ' Stay' said General Scott; ' I will prove it. I
have fought the battle against my judgment, and I think the President ought to
remove me today for doing it. As God is my judge,' he added, after an interval
of silence, ' I did all in my power to make the Army efficient, and I deserve
removal because I did not stand up when I could, and did not.' I stand here to
vindicate General Scott. I am indebted to the gentleman from Missouri for the
compliment he paid me. I desire to say for myself that I am here the last of a
generation, my father and grandfather having fallen beneath the flag of their
country. I, too, have fought under its folds at home and abroad, and, God
willing, there I will stand to the end of my life, defending it against all
MR. WASHBURNE. "As my colleague has referred to General Scott's remarks, he
might also allude to what the President said."
MR. RICHARDSON. "I will do so. 'Your conversation implies,' said the President
to General Scott, that I forced you to battle.' To which General Scott replied,
'I have never served under a President who has been kinder to me than you have
been.' But General Scott did not relieve the President from the fact of the
latter having forced him to fight the battle. General Scott thus paid a
compliment to the President personally."
WHAT GENERAL SCOTT SAID TO MR. RAYMOND.
The Times contained the following
account of a conversation between General Scott and Ex-Governor Raymond on
Thursday last :
"If the matter had been left to him, he said, he would have commenced by a
perfect blockade of every Southern port on the Atlantic and the Gulf. Then he
would have collected a large force at the Capital for defensive purposes.
and another large one on the Mississippi for offensive operations. The summer
months, during which it is madness to take troops south of St. Louis, should
have been devoted to tactical instruction; and with the first frosts of autumn
he would have taken a column of 80,000 well-disciplined troops down the
Mississippi, and taken every important point on that river,
included. It could have been done, he said, with greater ease, with less loss of
life, and with far more important results than would attend the marching of an
army to Richmond. At eight points the river would probably have been defended,
and eight battles would have been necessary ; but in every one of them success
could have been made certain for us. The Mississippi and the Atlantic once ours,
the Southern States would have been compelled, by the natural and inevitable
pressure of events, to seek, by a return to the Union, escape from the ruin that
would speedily overwhelm them out of it. 'This,' said he, 'was my plan. But I am
only a subordinate. It is my business to give advice when it is asked, and to
obey orders when they are given. I shall do it. There are gentlemen in the
Cabinet who know much more about war than I do, and who have far greater
influence than I have in determining the plan of the campaign. There never was a
more just and upright man than the President—never one who desired more
sincerely to promote the best interest of the country. But there are men among
his advisers who consult their own resentments far more than the dictates of
wisdom and experience, and these men will probably decide the plan of the
campaign. I shall do, or attempt, whatever I am ordered to do. But they must not
hold me responsible. If I am ordered to go to Richmond, I shall endeavor to do
it. But I know perfectly well that they have no conception of the difficulties
we shall encounter. I know the country—how admirably adapted it is to defense,
and how resolutely and obstinately it will be defended. I would like nothing
better than to take Richmond ; now that it has been disgraced by becoming the
capital of the rebel Confederacy. I feel a resentment toward it, and should like
nothing better than to scatter its Congress to the winds. But I have lived long
enough to know that human resentment is a very bad foundation for a public
policy; and these gentlemen will live long enough is learn it also. I shall do
what I am ordered. I shall fight when and where I am commanded. But if I am
compelled to fight before I am ready, they shall not hold me responsible. These
gentlemen must take the responsibility of their acts, as I am willing to take
that of mine. But they must not throw their responsibility on my shoulders.' "
PROSPECT OF FIGHTING AT FORTRESS MONROE.
There is a prospect of lively work in
the vicinity of Fortress Monroe. On Saturday morning the rebels sent to
News a proposition giving our troops there twenty-four hours to retire,
threatening to drive them out in case they declined the offer. The gunboat Dale,
20 guns, immediately went up to Old Point; the Albatross and Penguin are already
there, while the Minnesota and seven gun-boats are at Old Point, in readiness to
assist in repelling the threatened attack. The National force at Newport News
consists of four effective regiments, and Colonel Phelps was confident of his
ability to drive back twice that number of assailants. On the evening of
Saturday it became apparent that the rebels meditated an attack on Hampton.
General Butler determined to leave the town in case a formidable advance should
be made before it. Accordingly, families and goods were removed, and
preparations were made to burn the town rather than have it fall into the hands
of the enemy. All Saturday night and during the day on Sunday there was a
stampede of the colored population, who lined the roads leading to the fortress.
Nearly 1000 of them must have come within General Butler's lines. According to
the recent act of Congress these
slaves are confiscated.
Rumor states that Major-General Banks, on
taking command at Harper's Ferry, finding that place indefensible with the
remnant of the army under his command, immediately ordered a removal to the
Maryland side, and took up a position in the rear of the Maryland Heights, with
his pickets extending to a point overlooking the Ferry. There he is being
rapidly reinforced, and will soon have a more numerous army than
Patterson had at any time under his command. General Johnston, it is rumored,
has returned to Winchester, and is expected to commence offensive demonstrations
along the Maryland line.
SKIRMISHES IN MISSOURI.
General Sweeney's command, which left
Springfield, Missouri, some days ago,
reached Forsythe, in the same State, on 29th, dispersed a band of 150 rebels who
were there, and took possession of the town. They killed five of the rebels and
wounded several, themselves having none killed and but few hurt. A large
quantity of provisions, camp equipage, and lead, valued at $20,000, was seized
at the same time.
Thomas H. Baker, the captain, and the
crew of the privateer Savannah, all whose names have heretofore been published,
were arraigned last week in the United States Circuit Court for trial, under the
indictment charging them with piracy and robbery on the high seas, Judge Shipman
on the bench. To the indictment they all and severally pleaded not guilty. The
District Attorney moved to fix the trial for the 31st of July, but their counsel
objected to hurrying their trial, and wished for time to procure witnesses and
documentary proof for his clients, one of whom, he set up, was a citizen of
Hamburg, and not of the United States. Judge Shipman stated that he should
proceed in this case precisely as in any other capital case, where the penalty
is death. He wished the prisoners to have the advantage of an appeal, which they
could only have in this Court where there was a disagreement of the Bench. Judge
Nelson had notified him that in consequence of a severe accident which had
befallen him, he would not be able to attend for several weeks. He accordingly
fixed the third day of the October Term for the trial. The prisoners were then
remanded into the custody of the United States Marshal.
Solomon Sturges, Esq., of Chicago, a day or two since, purchased two splendid
horses, intended as a present to General McClellan.
It appears to be definitely settled that Col. Corcoran, of the Sixty-ninth, is a
prisoner with the rebels at
Manassas. This is stated on the authority of a
letter from Leesburg, Va., which also announces that Congressman Ely, of this
State, is a prisoner.
Mr. James E. Harvey, our Minister to Portugal, publishes a letter in the
Philadelphia North American, in which he denies in toto the truth of the charges
of treason made against him on the strength of the revelations made in the
examination of telegraphic dispatches seized by order of the Government.
The Baltimore Police Commissioners and
Marshal Kane have been taken from Fort McHenry to Fortress Monroe.
Prince Napoleon Bonaparte, first Cousin to Napoleon
III., arrived here from Halifax, with his Princess, on board the steam yacht
Jerome Napoleon, and no one was the wiser till Sunday. On Sunday the Princess,
attended by the Duchess d'Abrantes, Comtesse de Montholon, and an officer of the
Prince's suite, attended high mass at St. Stephen's Church, and the Prince and
some of his suite visited Camp Scott, Staten Island. The Prince travels strictly
incog., and nothing is definitely known of the object of his visit.
Colonel Wilcox, heretofore supposed to have been killed, is not dead, but is a
prisoner at Richmond, where he is very handsomely treated by his old classmates
of the West Point Academy.
PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S MESSAGE.
THE Message of
President Lincoln has been laid before the British public, and
has been variously commented upon by the Press. The tone of comment, however, is
generally favorable, though the London Times can see nothing but
the recognition of the
Southern Confederacy as the issue of the present
DECLINE IN THE POPULATION OF IRELAND.
The Irish census records the fact of
another decline in the population of that country, amounting to about three
quarters of a million of persons in ten years.
A STRAW SHOWING HOW THE WIND BLOWS.
The Emperor has published a letter
prohibiting the further introduction of free laborers into the French colonies,
on the ground that the system smacks of the slave-trade. The letter is applauded
by the Parisian Press. The Siecle, in its article in reference to it, took
occasion to say that it clearly indicated on which side the sympathies of the
French Government were in the American struggle.
ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE THE KING.
The most notable item in the recent news from Germany is an attempt upon the
life of the King of Prussia, made at Baden on the 14th ultimo, by a young
student from Leipsic, who fired a pistol at him, the ball from which grazed his
Army Express.— Adams's Express Company run daily Expresses to all the regiments.
Packages for soldiers carried at half price. Office No. 59 Broadway.
IMPROVED PIANO FORTES,
Manufactory & Salesrooms,
14th St., cor. 3d Av., N. Y.
EMPLOYMENT.—ACTIVE, INTELLIGENT YOUNG MEN, who have been thrown out of
situations by the War, can hear of EMPLOYMENT which, by proper efforts, can be
made profitable, by addressing
FOWLER AND WELLS, 308 Broadway, New York.
Union Envelopes ! !
100 varieties sent any where, on receipt of 50 cents in stamps.
ALFRED S. ROBINSON, Publisher, Hartford.
Matrimony made Easy."—A new work, showing how either sex may be suitably
married, irrespective of age or appearance, which can not fail—free for 25
cents. Address T. William & Co., Publishers, Box 2300, Philad.
DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT
WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES ?
—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks
(upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by
mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order. R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109
Nassau Street, N. Y.
PIECES NETS FOR 50 CENTS PER PIECE. 1200 pieces extra, 10 yards long, 2 1/2
PALMER'S PATENT CANOPIES,
KELTY'S, 359 Broadway.
SANDS' SARSAPARILLA will purify
the system of all morbid matter, and impart to the blood such properties as to
make it new, pure, and rich. Prepared and sold by A. B. & D. SANDS,
No. 100 Fulton Street, New York.
HARPER & BROTHERS
FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK,
Have Just Published:
TOM BROWN AT OXFORD. A Sequel to School Day's at Rugby. By the Author of "
School Days at Rugby," " Scouring of the White Horse," &c., &c., &c. PART
SECOND. 12mo, Muslin, 37 1/2 cents.
Wanted 1000 Agents, to sell Miniature Pins of Gen. Scott, Butler, and all the
Heroes. Also Great Bargains in Job Lots of Jewelry. Enclose from $1 to $10 for
samples. W. A. HAYWARD, 208 Broadway, N. Y.
CITIZENS CALLED FROM THEIR
homes on public duty and deprived of many personal comforts, need not be
deprived of "LEA & PERRINS'S WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE," as the use of this esteemed
condiment will go far to remedy the discomforts arising from bad or irregular
cooking. For sale in half-pint, pint, and quart bottles, by all respectable
grocers throughout the United States. JOHN DUNCAN & SONS, Union Square and 14th
Street, Sole Agents.
A NEW DISCOVERY. Men can make $5900 per year. Capital small. Applicants wanted.
Address FRITZ & CO., Wellsburg, Va.
T. H. ALEXANDER,
Solicitor of Patents, and Attorney at Patent Law, Office corner of Eighth and F
Streets, Washington, D. C Examinations free, and no charge unless a Patent is
obtained. References given all over the United States.
A 25 Cent Sewing Machine!
And 5 other curious inventions. Agents wanted every where. Descriptive Circulars
sent free. Address SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Maine.
The Ladies' Ready-Made Linen Store,
1143 Broadway, near Twenty-Sixth Street,
Fine Assortment—Hand Made—at Low Prices.