Scott Forced to Fight Battle of Bull Run


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, August 10, 1861

This original Civil War Harper's Weekly newspaper has a number of stunning images of the Battle of Bull Run, including a battle map. This paper also has important news on the battle and various other news of the day.

(Scroll Down to see entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest)


Edward Bulwer Lytton

Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton

Bull Run Battle Defeat

Defeat at the Battle of Bull Run

Wounded at Battle of Bull Run

Wounded at Bull Run

Bull Run Infantry Charge

Infantry Charge at Bull Run

Battle of Manassas

Manassas Junction

News of Bull Run

News of the Battle of Bull Run

Bull Run Retreat

The Retreat From Bull Run

Bull Run Picture

Picture of the Battle of Bull Run

Battle of Bull Run Map

Bull Run Battle Map

Battle of Bull Run Infantry Charge

Chesapeake Bay

Scott Bull Run

Gen. Scott Forced to Fight Bull Run




AUGUST 10, 1861.]



"When Hoppner, the painter, was residing in a cottage a few miles from London, Porson, one afternoon, unexpectedly arrived there. Hoppner said that he could not offer him dinner, as Mrs. Hoppner had gone to town, and had carried with her the key of the closet which contained the wine. Porson, however, declared that he would be contented with a mutton-chop, and beer from the next ale-house; and accordingly staid to dine. During the evening Porson said, 'I am quite certain that Mrs. Hoppner keeps some nice bottle, for her private drinking, in her own bedroom; so pray, try if you can lay your hands. on it.' His host assured him that Mrs. Hoppner had no sch secret store; but Porson insisting that a search should be made, a bottle was at last discovered in the lady's apartment, to the surprise of Hoppner, and the joy of Porson, who soon finished its contents, pronouncing it to be the best gin he had tasted for a long time. Next day Hoppner, somewhat out of temper, informed his wife that Porson had drunk every drop of her concealed dram. 'Drunk every drop of it!' cried she. 'Good Heavens, it was spirits of wine for the lamp !'"

" Do you believe in fore-runners ?" asked a nervous lady of old Deacon I.

"Yes, ma'am," replied the Deacon ; " I've seen them!" "Bless me !" exclaimed the lady; " do tell!"

"Yes," continued the Deacon, fixing his eyes with a solemn stare on a dark corner of the room; " I see one now !"

"Mercy! mercy on me!" shrieked the lady, "where?" "There! there!" said the Deacon, pointing to where his eyes were directed. "That cat, ma'am, may be called a fore-runner, for she runs on all fours !"

When is coffee like the earth?—When it is ground.



ON Tuesday, 23d July, in the Senate, the bill to provide for the transportation of arms and munitions of war to the loyal citizens of rebel States, and for the military organization of such citizens, was reported from the Committee on Military Affairs, and passed. It appropriates two millions for the purposes specified. The bill to refund duties on arms was also passed. A bill to punish frauds in making contracts with the Government was reported from the Judiciary Committee, and laid over under the rule. The Senate went into Executive session, and subsequently adjourned without doing any further public business.—In the House, Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky, made two ineffectual attempts to introduce a resolution inquiring of the Secretary of War whether there are armed negroes in the service of the Government. A bill was passed which changes the political Districts in Kentucky and Missouri. Mr. Stevens reported from the Committee of Ways and Means a bill providing for additional revenue by taxation. It was referred to the Committee of the Whole, and the House soon afterward adjourned.

On Wednesday, 24th, in the Senate, a resolution was adopted instructing the Judiciary Committee to inquire into the expediency of administering the oath of allegiance to each military and naval officer in the service. The House bill to define and punish conspiracy was reported from the Judiciary Committee, with a recommendation that it pass. The bill regulating the pay of the revenue service was passed. Senator Wilson's bill to promote the efficiency of the volunteer force was taken up and discussed at considerable length. It provides that incompetent officers may be superseded by the President. The bill to provide for the payment of the Government Police in Baltimore was passed, after some opposition. Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, offered a resolution similar to that passed the House a day or two ago, offered by Mr. Crittenden, declaring that the war has been forced upon the Government by Southern disunionists, but that it ought to cease when the authority of the Government is re-established. It was laid over.—In the House, a bill was reported from the Committee on Commerce, and passed, authorizing the appointment of Consuls at ports where it may be deemed necessary for the prevention of piracy. The Senate bill providing for a Board to report on the matter of iron or steel-clad steamships and batteries was passed ; also the bill providing for an Assistant-Secretary of the Navy; also the bill providing for an increase of the Naval Medical Corps ; also the bill authorizing the President to accept the services of 500,000 volunteers. A resolution was reported from the Judiciary Committee, and passed, inquiring of the President the reasons which induced the imprisonment of the Baltimore Police Commissioners. A bill, similar to that of the Senate, providing for the payment of the Government Police in Baltimore, provoked considerable debate, but finally passed. The House then discussed the bill to provide for raising revenue by direct taxation, and it was finally committed to the Committee on Ways and Means, with instructions to provide a method for the assessment of the tax.

On Thursday, 25th, in the Senate, a Select Committee was ordered to inquire into the circumstances of the surrender of the Navy-yards at Pensacola and Norfolk, and the Armory at Harper's Ferry. A joint resolution, pledging support to the Government to carry the present war to a successful termination, was introduced by Senator Clarke, and laid over under the rule. The President was requested by resolution to inform the Senate what instructions have been given to our foreign ministers in reference to the rebellion. The bill to indemnify States for the expense incurred in defending the Government was reported from the Finance Committee and passed. The bill to increase the revenue was debated, but not definitely acted upon. The resolution introduced by Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, on Wednesday, similar to that introduced by Mr. Crittenden in the House, setting forth the objects of the war, and placing the responsibility for it with the Southern Disunionists, was then taken up and debated at considerable length by Senators Polk, Trumbull, Collamer, Fessenden, Hale, Kennedy, Breckinridge, Sherman, Doolittle, and others. It was passed, 30 to 5.—In the House, Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, made a personal explanation, and apologized for the part he took in the debate on 24th, in reference to Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky. The Senate bill supplementary to the Loan Act, with an amendment authorizing the issue of Treasury notes of a denomination less than fifty dollars, was reported from the Committee of Ways and Means, and passed. The Direct Tax and Internal Duties Bill was then considered in Committee of the Whole until the adjournment. Its provisions were debated with considerable spirit, and an amendment was adopted providing that slaves shall be taxed. The bill was not finally disposed of.

On Friday, 26th, in the Senate, several bills were passed : among others one providing for the building of an iron bridge over the Potomac at Washington, one ordering a Board of Commissioners to examine the compensation of all the officers of the Government, one to punish fraud in Government contracts, one to define and punish conspiracy, and one to provide for the suppression of rebellion; besides a joint resolution declaring that the supremacy and integrity of the Union must be maintained. Senator Kennedy presented a memorial from the Mayor and citizens of Baltimore complaining of the Government interference with the police force there. The resolution for the maintenance of the supremacy of the Union was passed with only one dissenting vote—that of Senator Breckinridge. The bill to provide revenue was discussed, but was not finally disposed of when the Senate went into Executive session.—In the House, after a discussion of some length in reference to the day of final adjournment, which led to no definite conclusion, the Direct Tax bill was taken up in Committee of the Whole. Various amendments were proposed and discussed, but the Committee finally rose without voting, and the House soon afterward adjourned.

On Saturday, 27th, the Senate was occupied by a speech from Hon. Andrew Johnson, Senator from Tennessee. In the course of his speech he reminded the Government that the Union men of East Tennessee were without arms, and that it was necessary they should be armed for protection.-In the House, the Senate bill appropriating two millions to pay for the transportation of arms to the Union men in the rebel States, and for the military organization of such men, was passed. The Direct Tax bill was then taken up in Committee of the Whole, and after debate the

enacting clause was stricken out, the principal point of objection being that it proposed to tax the people unequally. When the Committee rose, the matter, on motion of Mr. M'Clernand, of Illinois, was recommitted to the Committee of Ways and Means, with instructions to report forthwith a tax bill on the basis of twenty trillions by direct taxation, and that such other sums as may be necessary be raised on the personal income and wealth of the country. This tax, it will be recollected, is for the payment of the interest on the public debt to be incurred in the war. No other business was done.

On Monday, 29th, in the Senate, the act supplementary to the act authorizing a loan was reported from the Committee on Finance and passed, with an amendment authorizing the issuing of Treasury notes of the denomination of five dollars. Senator Wilson introduced a bill, which was referred to the Military Committee, appropriating ten millions for the purchase of arms. It was subsequently reported from the Committee and passed. Senator Hale announced an agreement of the Conference Committees on a bill to appoint an Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and also on the bill increasing the Navy Medical corps. A bill for the suppression of the sale of liquors in the District of Columbia was passed. It prohibits the sale of liquors to soldiers, under penalty of twenty-five dollars for each offense. The Tariff bill was then taken up and debated until the adjournment rendered necessary by the lack of a quorum.-In the House, Mr. Horton, in accordance with instructions, reported from the Committee of Ways and Means the modified Direct Tax bill. It is on the basis of twenty millions, to be apportioned among the States according to population. The House refused to order an immediate vote on the passage of the bill, and its provisions were discussed at considerable length. It finally passed as it came from the Committee, 77 to 60. A bill was reported from the Committee of Ways and Means which appropriates ten millions for the purchase of arms. The Senate bill further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, was passed. Mr. Cox, of Ohio, sought to introduce a series of resolutions looking to the appointment of a Commissioner to meet a similar Commissioner from the rebel States, to attempt the task of adjusting the National difficulties. The House refused to suspend the rules to receive it, 85 to 45, and adjourned.


Troops continue to pour into Washington, and under the vigorous measures inaugurated by General McClellan the city will, doubtless without delay, be placed in a situation to defy any attempts which the rebel leaders, in the flush of recent victory, may be disposed to make upon it. General McClellan has visited the various intrenchments on the Virginia side, in the short time during which he has had command, and taken such steps as he has considered necessary to make them impregnable.

We have now about 70,000 troops in and around Washington, well armed and equipped, and rapidly coming under a more perfect system of discipline than they have yet had experience of.


A complete reorganization of the army is to take place immediately, and such steps will be adopted as will insure us, as far as it is possible to do so, against incompetency among the officers. To this end general orders were issued last week from the War Department, that all officers of regiments will hereafter be subject to examination by a board of officers, to be appointed by the Secretary of War, with the concurrence of the Lieutenant-General, in order that their fitness for the positions assigned them may be assured—their places, should they be found incompetent, to be filled by officers who shall have passed an examination successfully. Business at the War Department is remarkably heavy. Tenders of troops are made in surprising numbers. Nearly eighty thousand new men have been accepted, and are now being mustered into the service. It is understood that Illinois alone has offered seventeen, and Indiana ten new regiments, some of which are already on the way.


Governor Morgan has, under the requisition of the President for more troops, called for twenty-five thousand additional volunteers, to serve for three years or during the war. A general order, prescribing the mode of organization, will be issued immediately. The rendezvous will be at New York, Albany, and Elmira, with the head-quarters at Albany.


A full list of the killed, wounded, and missing, at the battle of Bull Run, up to the latest advices, gives the following figures:

Killed    280





From intelligence received in Washington on 29th from a lady (Mrs. Hinsdale, of Detroit) just come from Manassas Junction, it appears that General Beauregard and General Johnston were both there on Thursday, that a very large force of rebels was concentrated there, and that active preparations for a renewed attack on the Union army—probably on Washington—were going on. This lady reports having seen several prisoners taken at Bull Run, and states that they are well cared for. The rebel loss at Bull Run, she says, is reported to be 1200 killed and 1500 wounded.
Mrs. Hinsdale was taken prisoner by the rebels, and compelled to act as a nurse in the hospitals at Manassas. She was subsequently released, and returned to Washington on a pass from one of General Beauregard's aids. The above statement was made to General Mansfield on 29th.


It is established that the Secessionists had 91,000 men within their lines at Bull Run on the morning of Sunday last, and that Jeff Davis in person brought up 17,000 more from Richmond, who reached them about noon. They had therefore fully three times as many as General McDowell, and four times as many as were brought into action on our side.


In Congress, on Wednesday 24, Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, said: "I repeat that General Scott had been forced to fight this battle. I will tell him what occurred yesterday morning. My colleagues (Logan and Washburne) and myself were present with the President, Secretary of War, and General Scott. In the course of our conversation, General Scott remarked, 'I am the biggest coward in the world.' I rose from my seat. ' Stay' said General Scott; ' I will prove it. I have fought the battle against my judgment, and I think the President ought to remove me today for doing it. As God is my judge,' he added, after an interval of silence, ' I did all in my power to make the Army efficient, and I deserve removal because I did not stand up when I could, and did not.' I stand here to vindicate General Scott. I am indebted to the gentleman from Missouri for the compliment he paid me. I desire to say for myself that I am here the last of a generation, my father and grandfather having fallen beneath the flag of their country. I, too, have fought under its folds at home and abroad, and, God willing, there I will stand to the end of my life, defending it against all foes."

MR. WASHBURNE. "As my colleague has referred to General Scott's remarks, he might also allude to what the President said."

MR. RICHARDSON. "I will do so. 'Your conversation implies,' said the President to General Scott, that I forced you to battle.' To which General Scott replied, 'I have never served under a President who has been kinder to me than you have been.' But General Scott did not relieve the President from the fact of the latter having forced him to fight the battle. General Scott thus paid a compliment to the President personally."


The Times contained the following account of a conversation between General Scott and Ex-Governor Raymond on Thursday last :

"If the matter had been left to him, he said, he would have commenced by a perfect blockade of every Southern port on the Atlantic and the Gulf. Then he would have collected a large force at the Capital for defensive purposes.

and another large one on the Mississippi for offensive operations. The summer months, during which it is madness to take troops south of St. Louis, should have been devoted to tactical instruction; and with the first frosts of autumn he would have taken a column of 80,000 well-disciplined troops down the Mississippi, and taken every important point on that river, New Orleans included. It could have been done, he said, with greater ease, with less loss of life, and with far more important results than would attend the marching of an army to Richmond. At eight points the river would probably have been defended, and eight battles would have been necessary ; but in every one of them success could have been made certain for us. The Mississippi and the Atlantic once ours, the Southern States would have been compelled, by the natural and inevitable pressure of events, to seek, by a return to the Union, escape from the ruin that would speedily overwhelm them out of it. 'This,' said he, 'was my plan. But I am only a subordinate. It is my business to give advice when it is asked, and to obey orders when they are given. I shall do it. There are gentlemen in the Cabinet who know much more about war than I do, and who have far greater influence than I have in determining the plan of the campaign. There never was a more just and upright man than the President—never one who desired more sincerely to promote the best interest of the country. But there are men among his advisers who consult their own resentments far more than the dictates of wisdom and experience, and these men will probably decide the plan of the campaign. I shall do, or attempt, whatever I am ordered to do. But they must not hold me responsible. If I am ordered to go to Richmond, I shall endeavor to do it. But I know perfectly well that they have no conception of the difficulties we shall encounter. I know the country—how admirably adapted it is to defense, and how resolutely and obstinately it will be defended. I would like nothing better than to take Richmond ; now that it has been disgraced by becoming the capital of the rebel Confederacy. I feel a resentment toward it, and should like nothing better than to scatter its Congress to the winds. But I have lived long enough to know that human resentment is a very bad foundation for a public policy; and these gentlemen will live long enough is learn it also. I shall do what I am ordered. I shall fight when and where I am commanded. But if I am compelled to fight before I am ready, they shall not hold me responsible. These gentlemen must take the responsibility of their acts, as I am willing to take that of mine. But they must not throw their responsibility on my shoulders.' "


There is a prospect of lively work in the vicinity of Fortress Monroe. On Saturday morning the rebels sent to Newport News a proposition giving our troops there twenty-four hours to retire, threatening to drive them out in case they declined the offer. The gunboat Dale, 20 guns, immediately went up to Old Point; the Albatross and Penguin are already there, while the Minnesota and seven gun-boats are at Old Point, in readiness to assist in repelling the threatened attack. The National force at Newport News consists of four effective regiments, and Colonel Phelps was confident of his ability to drive back twice that number of assailants. On the evening of Saturday it became apparent that the rebels meditated an attack on Hampton. General Butler determined to leave the town in case a formidable advance should be made before it. Accordingly, families and goods were removed, and preparations were made to burn the town rather than have it fall into the hands of the enemy. All Saturday night and during the day on Sunday there was a stampede of the colored population, who lined the roads leading to the fortress. Nearly 1000 of them must have come within General Butler's lines. According to the recent act of Congress these slaves are confiscated.


Rumor states that Major-General Banks, on taking command at Harper's Ferry, finding that place indefensible with the remnant of the army under his command, immediately ordered a removal to the Maryland side, and took up a position in the rear of the Maryland Heights, with his pickets extending to a point overlooking the Ferry. There he is being rapidly reinforced, and will soon have a more numerous army than General Patterson had at any time under his command. General Johnston, it is rumored, has returned to Winchester, and is expected to commence offensive demonstrations along the Maryland line.


General Sweeney's command, which left Springfield, Missouri, some days ago, reached Forsythe, in the same State, on 29th, dispersed a band of 150 rebels who were there, and took possession of the town. They killed five of the rebels and wounded several, themselves having none killed and but few hurt. A large quantity of provisions, camp equipage, and lead, valued at $20,000, was seized at the same time.


Thomas H. Baker, the captain, and the crew of the privateer Savannah, all whose names have heretofore been published, were arraigned last week in the United States Circuit Court for trial, under the indictment charging them with piracy and robbery on the high seas, Judge Shipman on the bench. To the indictment they all and severally pleaded not guilty. The District Attorney moved to fix the trial for the 31st of July, but their counsel objected to hurrying their trial, and wished for time to procure witnesses and documentary proof for his clients, one of whom, he set up, was a citizen of Hamburg, and not of the United States. Judge Shipman stated that he should proceed in this case precisely as in any other capital case, where the penalty is death. He wished the prisoners to have the advantage of an appeal, which they could only have in this Court where there was a disagreement of the Bench. Judge Nelson had notified him that in consequence of a severe accident which had befallen him, he would not be able to attend for several weeks. He accordingly fixed the third day of the October Term for the trial. The prisoners were then remanded into the custody of the United States Marshal.


Solomon Sturges, Esq., of Chicago, a day or two since, purchased two splendid horses, intended as a present to General McClellan.

It appears to be definitely settled that Col. Corcoran, of the Sixty-ninth, is a prisoner with the rebels at Manassas. This is stated on the authority of a letter from Leesburg, Va., which also announces that Congressman Ely, of this State, is a prisoner.

Mr. James E. Harvey, our Minister to Portugal, publishes a letter in the Philadelphia North American, in which he denies in toto the truth of the charges of treason made against him on the strength of the revelations made in the examination of telegraphic dispatches seized by order of the Government.

The Baltimore Police Commissioners and Marshal Kane have been taken from Fort McHenry to Fortress Monroe. Prince Napoleon Bonaparte, first Cousin to Napoleon III., arrived here from Halifax, with his Princess, on board the steam yacht Jerome Napoleon, and no one was the wiser till Sunday. On Sunday the Princess, attended by the Duchess d'Abrantes, Comtesse de Montholon, and an officer of the Prince's suite, attended high mass at St. Stephen's Church, and the Prince and some of his suite visited Camp Scott, Staten Island. The Prince travels strictly incog., and nothing is definitely known of the object of his visit.

Colonel Wilcox, heretofore supposed to have been killed, is not dead, but is a prisoner at Richmond, where he is very handsomely treated by his old classmates of the West Point Academy.



THE Message of President Lincoln has been laid before the British public, and has been variously commented upon by the Press. The tone of comment, however, is generally favorable, though the London Times can see nothing but

the recognition of the Southern Confederacy as the issue of the present conflict.


The Irish census records the fact of another decline in the population of that country, amounting to about three quarters of a million of persons in ten years.



The Emperor has published a letter prohibiting the further introduction of free laborers into the French colonies, on the ground that the system smacks of the slave-trade. The letter is applauded by the Parisian Press. The Siecle, in its article in reference to it, took occasion to say that it clearly indicated on which side the sympathies of the French Government were in the American struggle.



The most notable item in the recent news from Germany is an attempt upon the life of the King of Prussia, made at Baden on the 14th ultimo, by a young student from Leipsic, who fired a pistol at him, the ball from which grazed his neck.

Army Express.— Adams's Express Company run daily Expresses to all the regiments. Packages for soldiers carried at half price. Office No. 59 Broadway. Picture


Manufactory & Salesrooms,
14th St., cor. 3d Av., N. Y.

EMPLOYMENT.—ACTIVE, INTELLIGENT YOUNG MEN, who have been thrown out of situations by the War, can hear of EMPLOYMENT which, by proper efforts, can be made profitable, by addressing

FOWLER AND WELLS, 308 Broadway, New York.

Union Envelopes ! !

100 varieties sent any where, on receipt of 50 cents in stamps.

ALFRED S. ROBINSON, Publisher, Hartford.

Matrimony made Easy."—A new work, showing how either sex may be suitably married, irrespective of age or appearance, which can not fail—free for 25 cents. Address T. William & Co., Publishers, Box 2300, Philad.


—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order.   R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.


10,000 PIECES NETS FOR 50 CENTS PER PIECE. 1200 pieces extra, 10 yards long, 2 1/2 yards wide,



All kinds.

KELTY'S,   359   Broadway.

SANDS' SARSAPARILLA will purify the system of all morbid matter, and impart to the blood such properties as to make it new, pure, and rich. Prepared and sold by   A. B. & D. SANDS,

No. 100 Fulton Street, New York.


Have Just Published:

TOM BROWN AT OXFORD. A Sequel to School Day's at Rugby. By the Author of " School Days at Rugby," " Scouring of the White Horse," &c., &c., &c. PART SECOND. 12mo, Muslin, 37 1/2 cents.


Wanted 1000 Agents, to sell Miniature Pins of Gen. Scott, Butler, and all the Heroes. Also Great Bargains in Job Lots of Jewelry. Enclose from $1 to $10 for samples. W. A. HAYWARD, 208 Broadway, N. Y.


homes on public duty and deprived of many personal comforts, need not be deprived of "LEA & PERRINS'S WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE," as the use of this esteemed condiment will go far to remedy the discomforts arising from bad or irregular cooking. For sale in half-pint, pint, and quart bottles, by all respectable grocers throughout the United States. JOHN DUNCAN & SONS, Union Square and 14th Street, Sole Agents.

A NEW DISCOVERY. Men can make $5900 per year. Capital small. Applicants wanted. Address FRITZ & CO., Wellsburg, Va.


Solicitor of Patents, and Attorney at Patent Law, Office corner of Eighth and F Streets, Washington, D. C Examinations free, and no charge unless a Patent is obtained. References given all over the United States.

A 25 Cent Sewing Machine!

And 5 other curious inventions. Agents wanted every where. Descriptive Circulars sent free. Address SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Maine.

The Ladies' Ready-Made Linen Store,
1143 Broadway, near Twenty-Sixth Street,
Fine Assortment—Hand Made—at Low Prices.



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