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Civil War Harper's Weekly, December 14, 1861

This WEB site contains online readable versions of the original Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War. These original documents contain a wealth of incredible content to help you develop a more full understanding of the important issues of the war. We hope you enjoy studying these priceless documents.


(Scroll Down to see entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest.)


Slave Map

Georgia Slave Map

Description of Slave Map



Civil War Balloon

Professor Lowe's Balloon


Urbanna, Virginia

Benham and Nelson

General Benham and General Nelson

Rat Hole Squadron

Rat Hole Squadron



Beaufort, South Carolina

Stone Fleet

The Stone Fleet

Tybee Island

Tybee Island, Georgia

Fort Pickens

Interior of Fort Pickens

Rebel Cartoons

Rebel Cartoons










DECEMBER 14, 1861.]




THIS officer, whose portrait we give on page 796, entered West Point from Connecticut, and graduating in due course with the highest honors of his class, was assigned to the Engineer Corps of the Army. For years he was engaged in the usual routine of repairing and constructing fortifications in various parts of the country until the Mexican war arose, in which he served with zeal ; and being wounded at Buena Vista, was breveted Captain.

At a later date he held for some years the charge of the United States Coast Survey Bureau, at Washington, under its distinguished chief, Professor Bache ; also seizing an opportunity for liberal and professional improvement by a brief trip to Europe. Soon after his return he took charge of the fortifications at New Bedford ; and at a later date, and for several years, was intrusted with the construction of the defenses of the great commercial emporium—New York—at Sandy Hook, where he succeeded the veteran engineer, Colonel De Russy.

At the first outbreak of this War of Secession Captain Benham applied for active service, and was assigned by his General—the present distinguished Commander of the Army—to the charge of fortifying the prominent military point—Cairo, Illinois. He there called attention to the importance of Bird's Point, as bearing on the defense of Cairo. But about the middle of May, under General McClellan's orders, Captain Benham repaired early to Western Virginia, as chief of the staff of General Morris, who is himself known as a high graduate of West Point. As chief engineer of that army he at once applied himself to the study of the country—its roads, resources, and obstacles.

Finally, while in command of the advanced body of General Morris's troops, Captain Benham effected his crowning effort, the victory at Carrick's Ford, which it is known resulted in the death of the brave Garnett, and the complete rout of his army.

In September the brave General Rosecrans was in chief command, and the battle of Carnifex took place. Here Benham fought conspicuously in the front, and was eager, if General Rosecrans had thought it prudent to consent, to bring on a general engagement, which, however, was postponed until morning; but in the night General Floyd, satisfied with his defeat, dextrously retreated.

The zealous services of Captain Benham through his whole career, and his military capacity, have attracted the attention of the Government, and he has been created Brigadier-General of Volunteers.


WE publish on page 796 a portrait of GENERAL NELSON, of Kentucky, who is now commanding a brigade of United States forces. General Nelson is a native of Kentucky, and served in the United States Navy for many years. On the outbreak of the rebellion he offered his services to the Government in any capacity in which they might be required ; and he was accordingly intrusted with the delicate and important duty of introducing arms into his native State to arm the Union men. This task was performed successfully, in spite of various obstacles arising from the hostility of the Executive and a large number of the leading men of the State. Lieutenant Nelson was then authorized to recruit troops for the Government service in Kentucky. He worked so well that he was soon at the head of a regiment of well-drilled troops, and soon afterward of a brigade. His latest exploit was the attack and dispersion of a rebel corps d'armee near Piketon, Kentucky.


Out special artist at Hilton Head, South Carolina, has been to Beaufort, and sends us the sketches which we reproduce on pages 788 and 789. He writes as follows concerning them


The landing-place for the steamers which formerly ran inland between Savannah and Charleston is now used by our forces as their place of debarkation. Among the prominent buildings is the Arsenal, which was built by the United States Government, and a part of which was used as a light-house and buoy depot. It has since been used by the secessionists for various military purposes.

On the arrival of the United States steamship McClellan, Captain Gray, she was surrounded by boats loaded with fruits, sweet potatoes, chickens, etc., gathered by the slaves, who importuned the Captain to purchase their small but many cargoes. Captain Saxton, the Quarter-master of the Division, accompanied the McClellan to Beaufort, and succeeded in getting on board and in tow about 100,000 feet of valuable lumber.

The Street In Beaufort displays the prison, etc., and which, like all the other buildings, was deserted by the whites.

The rebel look-out was in the belfry of the Baptist Church, which commanded a view of the town, river, shell road, etc. On being visited by our party an empty decanter, two glasses, and a pitcher of water were found.

The Raising of the Flag was performed by an officer of the McClellan, whose phiz is well known to all New Yorkers.


The braves who felt on the 7th of November are buried in a beautiful sequestered spot near the Pope mansion, now occupied as the head-quarters of the Division. The graves are in the midst of live oaks, palmettos, luxuriant vines, wild roses, and tropical flowers. Neat head-boards mark the resting-place of each, the most prominent of which is the grave of John M. Whittemore, Assistant-Engineer of the Mohican, the only officer killed, who fell while standing by the bell-pull of the engine, and heroically cheering the men at the midship guns. He was killed instantaneously, as he uttered his last words—" Give it to them, boys!" He was born in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, and was the son of the late Rev. Thos. Whittemore.


The light-ship which is to be placed off the entrance to Port Royal harbor is of the ordinary size, and will display two bright white lights, which can be seen at a distance of from twelve to fifteen miles. She will be armed with four rifled cannon, and, to prevent the rebels from boarding her, nettings will be placed around her, above the rail. Her crew will consist of about twenty persons in addition to the light-keepers. On each side the words "Martin's Industry" will be painted, as she will be placed on the edge of a sand-bar bearing that name. When in position this will be the only light in use on the Southern coast.

IMPORTANT FACTS. — Constant writing for six months is done cheaper with Gold Pens than with Steel Pens ; therefore, it is economy to use Gold Pens.

The Gold Pen remains unchanged by years of continued use, while the Steel Pen is ever changing by corrosion and wear; therefore, perfect uniformity of writing is obtained only by the use of the Gold Pen.

The Gold Pen is always ready and reliable, while the Steel Pen must be often condemned and a new one selected; therefore, there is great saving of time in the use of the Gold Pen.

Gold is capable of receiving any degree of elasticity, so that the Gold Pen is exactly adapted to the hand of the writer; therefore, the nerves of the hand and arm are not injured, as is known to be the case by the use of Steel Pens.

See "The Pen is Mightier than the Sword," in the next column.


AGENTS WANTED—to sell Yale's Flag of our Union and Military Gift and Stationery Packages. Agents who are now selling imitations, put up by other parties, are respectfully requested to send us their address and we will forward them a sample with circular, which will at once satisfy them that they can make more money and give better satisfaction by selling our packages than any others in market. Address J. W. YALE, Proprietor, Metropolitan Gift Book Store, Syracuse, New York.

GENTLE DORA !—DARLING MAGGIE ! Mrs. Mary J. Holmes's Popular Stories.



In one neat 12mo Volume. 474 pages. Price $1.

Mrs. Holmes endeavors to touch the heart, to take what is pure and excellent and hold it up to the reader in contrast with what is vile and deceptive. And in this she excels. The fireside, we are sure, will thank her heartily for these books, and preserve them with religious strictness, for they are entertaining as well as instructive.

Also ready, uniform in style with the above, New Editions of

LENA RIVERS. 416 pages, 12mo    .$1 HOMESTEAD ON THE HILLSIDE. 380 pages, l2mo. 1 MEADOW BROOK ; or, ROSA LEE. 380 pages, l2mo.    1

COUSIN MAUDE AND ROSAMOND     1 Sent free of postage on receipt of price.

C. M. SAXTON, Publisher,

No. 25 Park Row, New York.

A MOST POWERFUL ARM, WHICH CAN BE carried constantly about the person without inconvenience or danger. Length four inches, scarcely more than that of the barrels. It is the most compact, safe, and powerful Pocket Revolver ever made; weighs only eight ounces, charged with cartridges, which can be purchased in any city or large village, each barrel rifled, gain twist and sighted. Will penetrate one inch of pine at one hundred and fifty yards.

Retail price, Plated, with 100 cartridges, $10.00

" " Blued, " " " 9.50 Trade supplied. T. W. MOORE, 426 B'way, N. Y.

The Raising of the Flag was performed by an officer of the McClellan, whose phiz is well known to all New Yorkers.

Cloaks!   Cloaks!

has made his

Grand Opening


Fall and Winter Cloaks,
at his

300 Canal Street,

His Palace of Fashion,

Under the 5th Avenue Hotel,
Cor. of 23d Street,
New York.

To Army and Navy Officers.

TIFFANY & CO., Nos. 550 and 552 Broadway, have in store, and are receiving by every steamer, SWORDS, "warranted to cut wrought iron," from Salingen ; Passants, Cap Ornaments, and other Embroideries, from Paris; Gold Epaulettes and Navy Lacer, &c., from London. Orders by mail promptly filled, and goods forwarded to all parts of the loyal States.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION to all women afflicted with female weakness, or uterine disease, or irregularities, will be received by inclosing a postage stamp to JOSHUA F. BRIDGE, M.D., Resident Physician Graefenberg Company, No. 2 Bond Street, N. Y.

DO YOU WANT' LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order.   R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

A New Cartridge Revolver, Carrying Six Balls (80 to the pound). Any one wanting a superior Pocket or Belt Arm will find this to be the best in the market. Price $12.00. Send for circular.

MERWIN & BRAY, Agents, 245 Broadway, N. Y.

COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS wanted. Large commission, honorable business. Circular sent, A.W. Harrison, Phila.

" The PEN is Mightier
than the Sword."


The Best Pens in the World. On receipt of any of the following sums in cash or post-stamps, the subscriber will send by return mail, or otherwise as directed, a Gold Pen or Pens, selecting the same according to description, viz.:


For 25 cents, the Magic Pen ; for 38 cents, the Lucky Pen ; for 50 cents, the Always-Ready Pen ; for 75 cents, the Elegant Pen ; and for $1, the Excelsior Pen. The sizes are, Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.


For 50 cents, the Magic Pen; for 75 cents, the Lucky Pen ; for $1, the Always-Ready Pen ; for $1.25, the Elegant Pen; and for $1.50, the Excelsior Pen. These are well-finished, good writing Gold Pens, with Iridosmin Points, the average wear of every one of which will far outlast a gross of the best Steel Pens.

The name "A. Morton," "Number," and "Quality" are stamped on the following Pens, and the Points are warranted for six months, except against accident. The numbers indicate size only: No. 1 being the smallest, No. 6 the largest, adapted for the pocket ; No. 4 the smallest, and No. 10 the largest Mammoth Gold Pen, for the desk. Long and medium Nibs of all sizes and qualities. Short Nibs of Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7, and made only of first quality. The engravings are fac similes of the sizes and styles.


For 75 cents, a No. 1 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 3 Pen, 3d quality. For $1, a No. 2 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 4 pen 3d quality. For $1.25, a No. 3 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.50, a No. 4 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality. For $1.75, a No. 5 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $2.25 a No. 6 Pen, 1st quality.


For $1.50, a No. 1 Pen, 1st quality, or a Nor 3 Pen, 3d quality.

For $1.75 a No. 2 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 3 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 4 Pen, 3d quality.

For $2, a No. 3 Pen 1st quality, or a No. 4 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 5 Pen, 3d quality.

For $2.50, a No. 4 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 5 Pen, 2d quality, or a No. 6 Pen, 3d quality.

For $3, a No. 5 Pen, 1st quality, or a No. 6 Pen, 2d quality. For $3.50 a No. 6 Pen, 1st quality.


For $2, a No. 4 Pen; for $2.25, a No. 5 Pen ; for $2.75, a No. 6 Pen ; for $3.50, a No. 7 Pen. For $4, a No. 8 Pen. for $5, a No. 9 Pen ; and for $6, a No. 10 Pen.

The "1st Quality" are pointed with the very best Irodosmin Points, carefully selected, and none of this quality are sold with the slightest imperfection which skill and the closest scrutiny can detect.

The "2d Quality" are superior to any Pens made by him previous to the year 1860.

The "3d Quality" he intends shall equal in respect to Durability, Elasticity, and Good Writing Qualities (the only true considerations) any Gold Pens made elsewhere.

In regard to the Cheap Gold Pens, he begs leave to say that, previous to operating his New and Patented Machines, he could not have made as Good Writing and Durable Pens, for the price, had the Gold been furnished gratuitously. Address   A. MORTON, No. 25 Maiden Lane, New York. FOR SALE by all dealers in this line throughout the country.

Any one sending a single letter post-stamp will receive a circular with the engravings above referred to.

COOLEY'S Cabinet Printing Office for small Priners and Amateurs, the best thing out. Send for Circulars. J. G. COOLEY & CO., 1 Spruce Street, N. Y.



!!!For Beautiful White Teeth!!!
Use Thurston's Tooth Powder.
Use Thurston's Tooth Powder.
Price 25 cents.

F. C. WELLS & CO., 115 Franklin Street, N. Y.

The Current and Back Numbers of Harper's Weekly can be had of J. P. HUNT, Wholsale and Retail News Agent, Masonic Hall, Fifth St., Pittsburg, Pa.

A sure cure for Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and Salt Rheum. Wholesale Agents F. C. WELLS & CO., 115 Franklin St., New York. Sold by Apothecaries everywhere.

500 Agents Wanted!

Something New ! Patent Work Holder, made of The New Gold, and 5 other curious inventions. Address (send stamp)   SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Maine.

TO CONSUMPTIVES. — A Clergyman having cured his son of Consumption in its worst stages, after being given up to die by the most celebrated physicians, desires to make known the mode of cure, which proves successful in every case to those afflicted with Coughs, Colds, and Consumption, and he will send it free of charge to all who desire it and will forward him their address. Address

DANIEL ADEE, 378 Pearl Street, New York.

The New issue of Postage Stamps, of all denominations, for sale. Apply to HARPER & BROTHERS, Franklin Square, N. Y.

AT GIMBREDE'S Stationery Depot and Card Engraving Establishment, 583 Broadway, a Box of Initialed Note Paper and Envelopes, six varieties, forwarded free of charge on receipt of Three Dollars.

588 Broadway, Gimbrede's Wedding Cards, Unsurpassed for Beauty and Finish.The Raising of the Flag was performed by an officer of the McClellan, whose phiz is well known to all New Yorkers.

The New England Family Newspaper.
The Springfield Republican
for 1862. Daily, Tri-Weekly, and Weekly. 

The SPRINGFIELD (Mass.) REPUBLICAN may not hesitate to claim position as the first and most distinctive of New England Journals. In the scope and adaptation of its news; in the choice of its subjects for editorial discussion and the manner in which it treats them; in the great variety of its contents; and in the prominence it gives to practical, moral, and religious questions, to literature, to gardening and farming, and to every theme of practical and theoretical interest to the people of New England, The REPUBLICAN has sought successfully to become their guide, companion, and friend, whether at home or abroad.

Among the peculiar leading features of The REPUBLICAN are, a full summary of New England News, arranged by counties and states; an elaborate and comprehensive Editorial Review of the Week; Special Correspondence of a high character from Boston, New York, and Washington; a weekly review and summary of all Religious Movements; original papers on Husbandry; summaries of new ideas and inventions in Science and Mechanics; a weekly article on Books, Authors, and Art; and an abundance of original literary articles, both of prose and poetry, with carefully selected miscellanies from the freshest books and magazines.

The editorial corps of The REPUBLICAN numbers six individuals, including Dr. J. G. Holland, the popular "Timothy Titcomb" of literature and lecturing.

TERMS.—For the DAILY—one copy, one year, $5. Ten copies to one address, one year, $40.

For the TRI-WEEKLY (published on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings)—one copy, one year, $3; ten copies to one address, $25.

For the WEEKLY REPUBLICAN—one copy six months, $1; one year, $2 ; two copies to one address, one year, $3. To clubs by mail—five copies to one address, one year, $7 ; ten copies, $12; twenty copies, $20.

All orders must be accompanied with the cash. Specimen copies sent on application.


Publishers, Springfield, Mass.


All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, and all other places, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.

$150 PER MONTH made by enterprising agents selling DOWNER'S HEMMER and SHIELD for hand sewing. Protects the finger and makes a beautiful hem. Sample sent on receipt of 25 cents. Address A. H. DOWNER, No. 442 Broadway.

Personal.—For free circulars and honorable business at a liberal salary, write HARRIS BROTHERS , Boston, Mass.

Card to Country News-Dealers.
The New York Mercury.

In consequence of the refusal of ROSS & TOUSEY to furnish lists of their country agents to the publishers of THE MERCURY—who desired to supply the newsmen dealing with them with the same quantities of posters, show-cards, and circulars that are forwarded from our office to agents who receive their supplies from the other New York wholesale dealers—those gentlemen have ceased to be Agents for the sale of THE NEW YORK MERCURY.

The trade will continue to be supplied, as always heretofore, through the more enterprising-packing establishments of




L. N. SHEAR & CO.,





as well as direct from the office of the publishers and proprietors,


Nos. 46 and 48 Ann Street, New York.

$75 A MONTH !-I WANT TO HIRE AGENTS in every County at $75 per month and expenses, to sell a new and cheap Sewing Machine. Address (with stamp)    S. MADISON, Alfred, Maine.  

Commencement of Volume XXIV  HARPER'S NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE, For December, 1861.

Its unparalleled circulation from month to month, and a constant demand for back Numbers and complete Sets, evince that HARPER'S MAGAZINE meets the wants of the great body of American readers. No change will therefore be made in its general character. The Magazine contains at least twice the amount of matter of the leading English Monthlies. It it therefore enabled to present the best productions of European Novelists and Essayists, besides furnishing a larger amount of original matter than is given in any other Magazine of the day. Each Number contains an amount of reading equal to that in an ordinary octavo volume, with abundant Pictorial Illustrations of every subject in which the Artist can aid the Writer. More than Seven Thousand Illustrations have already appeared in the Magazine.

Any Number will be sent by Mail, post-paid, for Twenty-five Cents. Any Volume, comprising Six Numbers, neatly bound in Cloth, will be sent by Mail, to any part of the United States within 3000 miles of New York, post-paid, for Two Dollars per Volume. Complete Sets will be sent by Express, the freight at the charge of the purchaser, at a Discount of Twenty-five per Cent. from the above rate. Twenty-three Volumes, bound uniformly, extending from June, 1850, to November, 1861, are now ready.


One Copy for one Year . . . . . . . $3.00

Two Copies for One Year . . . . . . 5.00
Three or more Copies for One Year (each) . 2.00
And an Extra Copy, gratis, for every Club of EIGHT

HARPER'S MAGAZINE and HARPER'S WEEKLY, together, one year, $4.00.





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