Civil War Camp at Locust Point Near Baltimore


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, June 8, 1861

This newspaper has a number of interesting articles and illustrations. The cover shows a nice example of Zouaves, and their uniforms and equipment. There is also a nice Winslow Homer illustration of the Long Bridge over the Potomac. Several different soldiers from New York are profiled.

(Scroll Down to See entire page, Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest)




England's Position

Civil War News

Colonel Ellsworth

Death of Colonel Ellsworth

Soldiers in Camp

Ellsworth's Soldiers in Camp

Locust Point

Camp Locust Point, Baltimore

Long Bridge

The Long Bridge Over the Potomac

Colonel Vosburgh

Colonel Vosburgh's Funeral

Sherman's Artillery

Sherman's Artillery

The Garibaldi Zouaves

The Garibaldi Zouaves

Sickles's brigade

General Sickles's Brigade

Jeff Davis Cartoon

Jefferson Davis Cartoon


Map of the Seat of War



JUNE 8, 1861.]





ON pages 360 and 361 we publish a large BIRDS-EYE VIEW OF THE SEAT OF WAR IN VIRGINIA and the neighborhood, which will enable our readers to follow the march of the armies intelligently. We subjoin a few memoranda of some of the principal points in Virginia:

The city of Norfolk is on the right bank of Elizabeth River, just below the confluence of its two branches, eight miles from Hampton Roads, and thirty-two miles from the ocean. It contains a United States Navy-yard, in which is a dry-dock, constructed of hewn granite, which cost $974,436. The Dismal Swamp Canal connects Chesapeake Bay with Albemarle Sound, and opens an extensive water communication with Norfolk to the South. The population of the city is about 20,000.

Lynchburg is situated 116 miles west of Richmond and 191 from Washington, on the south bank of James River, at the junction of the Petersburg and Lynchburg Railroad with the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. It has a variety of manufacturing establishments, such as cotton and tobacco factories, and an iron thundery. The city enjoys many natural advantages for military defense, and the climate is quite healthy. At present a military column of rebels is concentrated at this point, awaiting orders from head-quarters. Some accounts say there are fully 25,000 men at that point.

Fredericksburg is situated on the right bank of the Rappahannock River, at the head of tide water, one hundred and ten miles above the Chesapeake, and on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad, sixty miles from the former place, and seventy miles from Washington. The population of the city is between six and eight thousand. Fredericksburg enjoys good natural facilities for military defense, from its contiguity to the Potomac, and is now being used as the concentrating point for a large body of rebel troops. It is on a line of railroad leading to Washington. Fredericksburg, Richmond, Lynchburg, and Petersburg compose a quadrilateral of no mean military significance; its importance has already been appreciated by the rebel chiefs.

Petersburg is a port of entry, on the south bank of the Appomattox River, twelve miles above its entrance into James River, at City Point. The city contains about 18,000 inhabitants. It has good railroad facilities to Washington, which is 140 miles distant.

Yorktown is a port of entry, 185 miles from Richmond. It is a small village, and memorable as the place where Lord Cornwallis surrendered the British army to General Washington, October 19, 1781, which event terminated the Revolutionary War. It derives importance at the present time from the fact that the Southern rebel forces are establishing a camp there, apparently to counter any land movement of United States troops from Fortress Monroe, which is seventeen and a half miles distant. It is not unlikely that, from present appearances, a second battle of Yorktown may be fought.

Winchester is the capital of Frederick County, Virginia. It is 150 miles north-northwest of Richmond, and 71 miles west by north of Washington. It is the terminus of the Winchester and Potomac Railroad, thirty miles long, connecting with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Harper's Ferry, and it has a number of turnpike roads radiating in all directions, which attract a large amount of trade and travel. Population in 1850, 4500.




WE publish herewith a picture, from a photograph by Weaver, of GENERAL. CADWALLADER'S CAMP of Federal troops at Locust Point, opposite Baltimore city. A correspondent of the Tribune thus described it when it was first established:

"This encampment, which may very appropriately be called Camp Cadwallader, is only temporary. It does well in dry weather, but is too low when it rains. Thousands of people visited the spot today, and the rickety old ferry-boat from the foot of Broadway on Fell's Point to Locust Point groaned beneath its astonished load of visitors. There are sixty rows of tents in the encampment, numbering some 500 in all. The men all bathed this morning by companies in the basin, at a proper distance from the crowds. Last night they went through regimental drill, to the great delight of the by-standers. The, officers of the regiments have their quarters in a fine brick house called the Vineyard, in close proximity to the camp. General Cadwallader's head-quarters are in an outhouse within the fort grounds, but will be removed to-morrow to the Hospital, just within the outer gate."




SHORTLY after midnight, on the morning of March 24, the " Advance Guard of the great Army of the United States" entered the State of Virginia opposite Washington, crossing by the Long Bridge at Alexandria, and the Iron Bridge at Georgetown. We publish on page 356, from a drawing by our special artist, an engraving of the ARMY CROSSING THE LONG BRIDGE. The following description of the scene is from the Herald :

"The order to march for Virginia at two o'clock this morning was communicated to the officers of the different regiments at the evening parades, but it was kept from the men until shortly before midnight, when it was generally promulgated. It was received by the various corps with true martial enthusiasm. The men having been kept in readiness since the night before last, the final packing up did not require much time. At midnight all were ready to move. The Fifth and Twenty-eighth New York regiments, having the longest distance to march to the rendezvous from the Capitol to Georgetown, commenced moving at half-past twelve. They came down the avenue with, as heretofore, soul-stirring, far-sounding martial strains, but with quiet tread, more like that of hundreds than thousands of men. Soon after they had passed, the New Jersey brigade, the Michigan regiment, and the Twelfth and Seventh of New York, crossed the avenue with equal quietness. So little noise did they cause that hardly any of the denizens of Washington were awakened from their peaceful slumbers.

"The scene at the bridges was grand and impressive beyond description, and one that the writer will ever remember. The night was cool and clear, thousands of men were drawn up in line and defiling past, but hardly a whisper was heard from among them. They all preserved a solemn silence, as though sensible of the momentousness of the occasion; but the rumbling of artillery, the clatter of cavalry, the muskets and ordnance glittering in the moonlight, the suppressed commands of the officers, imparted, nevertheless, a liveliness to the imposing spectacle.

"The troops took rations for only two days along, but large quantities of provisions will be conveyed across the river to-day. All the troops carried their knapsacks, blankets, canteens, etc., with the exception of the Seventh, which went without knapsacks. From this it was inferred that the latter corps would make but a short stay on the right bank of the Potomac.

" The main body of the troops were all across the two bridges in two hours after they commenced entering upon them. Three or four companies marched over at a time, in broken steps."




WE publish on page 362 a picture of the GARIBALDI GUARD in the street, marching in double-quick time and another of the presentation of colors to

them, which took place last week. They are a very gallant regiment, consisting chiefly of Italians, Hungarians, and Germans. The following description of the presentation of colors appeared in the Herald:

" The first flag presented was from Mrs. A. H. Stephens. It is a beautiful silken American standard. The borders are delicately ornamented with gold tassels and fringe, elaborately worked. A golden eagle sits proudly on the top of the staff. The centre of the flag is inscribed ' Garibaldi Guard,' in plain gilt letters ; and beneath this are the words, ' Presented by Mrs. A. H. Stephens, May 23,1861.'

"A speech was made, to which Colonel Utassy responded in appropriate terms, and the flag was passed into the custody of the standard-bearer.

" The next flag presented was a rich Hungarian standard—green, red, and white stripes. On one side was the motto, within a wreath, ' Vivecere aut morire;' and on the opposite side, in English, the same motto, 'Conquer or die.' The regimental name appeared on each side, over and underneath the wreaths, in English. This elegant present was from Miss Grinnell. It had four beautiful silk pendants of colors and inscriptions, the latter embroidered, as follows : White, "Sylvia Grinnell ;' red, ' Presented to the Garibaldi Guard ;' blue, 'New York, 23d May, 1861;' red, white, and blue, ' Brethren before, brethren again.'

" The next flag attracted much attention from the fact that it is surrounded by Revolutionary and sanguinary memories. This was the tricolor standard which the patriot Garibaldi bore in triumph through the campaign of 1848 and 1849, and with his own hand planted on the battlements of one of the castles of the Eternal City—a triumphant emblem of liberty and power. The flag is composed of the Italian colors—green, red, and white—and is inscribed in Italian in the centre, ' Dio E Popoli'—God and the People.

" In presenting the flag to the regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Repetti came to the front, leading by the hand a very beautiful young lady, the daughter of General Avezzana, and addressed the regiment in the Italian language. He, in substance, said:




It is with very great pleasure that I accept the duty of presenting to you this memorable flag—a flag which Garibaldi himself has consecrated to the cause of liberty. It is the gift to the regiment of this young lady, the daughter of one of the most intimate friends of our beloved General. Let the gift be dear to every one of you, and as, wherever danger is thickest, this flag shall wave, there shall be your place to defend it. Soldiers of the Garibaldi Guard—Hungarians, Germans, Italians, Frenchmen, Spaniards, and men of every other nationality—take this honored flag and swear to defend it through every peril. Swear!' [Loud cries of ' We swear!']

"Loud applause followed, the band playing the 'Marseillaise' as the flag was given over to the regiment."




WE publish on page 363, from a sketch kindly sent us by Mr. Noble, a picture of the Guthrie Gray Regiment, Colonel Bosley commanding, passing through Cincinnati on the morning of May 17, 1861. They left Camp Harrison that morning, and took the cars, after passing through the city, for Camp Dennison. The Cincinnati Times said of them :

" Every house had a welcome for them, and large numbers of friends, in carriages and on horseback, escorted then. The regiment was followed by a crowd, which kept constantly increasing. At Ninth Street Menter's band, which marched at the head of the regiment, struck up a lively air, and the spectators were soon multiplied by thousands. Some three or four of the companies were in the new uniform. The rest wore loose gray overshirts, and while they did not look quite so soldierly as the rest, were in better trim to stand the fatigue, and indeed made the better appearance. Company D, thus attired, was highly commended by the spectators. The buildings on either side of Fourth Street and the sidewalks were crowded with people, including a great many ladies, who greeted the Grays with the waving of handkerchiefs, hats, and flags, clapping of hands, and cheers. The Post-office corner sent up a rousing cheer. The brave fellows seemed to forget in a moment the fatigues of their march, amidst this splendid demonstration of the people."




WE publish on page 363 a picture of the BIVOUAC OF THE EXCELSIOR BRIGADE at the Red House, Harlem. This is General Sickles's brigade, which has been recruited at 444 Broadway, and is said to be destined for active service at the South. They are a fine body of men, and will doubtless give a good account of themselves.




ON page 364 we publish a picture of the FUNERAL CEREMONIES OF COLONEL VOSBURGH, late Commander of the 71st Regiment, N. Y. S. M. Colonel Vosburgh died of hemorrhage of the lungs at Washington last week, and was buried here on 23d instant. The military programme was observed throughout as arranged by the Committee having the matter in charge, in the following order :

First Regiment of Cavalry, Lieut.-Col. T. C. Devin. Third Regiment of Cavalry, Lieut.-Col. Menck. Seventy-ninth Regiment, Lieut.-Col. Elliott commanding. Eleventh Regiment of Rifles, Col. J. Maidhof. Detachment of the Ninth Regiment, Major E. L. Stone. Fifty-fifth Regiment, Guard of Honor, Col. Eugene Le Gal. First Regiment N. Y. S., Col. Wm. H. Allen. Officers of the First Division not on duty. Officers of the Volunteer Regiments in the city and vicinity.
Clergy and Physicians.

   Pall-bearers.   Military Escort.   THE HEARSE. Military Escort. Horse of the deceased. Immediate relatives of the deceased. Members and ex-members of the Seventy-first in citizens' dress, as mourners.  Sergeant-at-arms of the Common Council.  Joint Committee of the Common Council.
Mayors of New York, Brooklyn, and Jersey City. Heads of Departments, and Common Council of New York, with their staffs of office. Union Defense Committee.
Tammany Society, of which deceased was a member. Metropolitan Home Guard. Civic Societies. Citizens generally.

The following gentlemen, from military and civil life, acted as pall-bearers, according to the pro-gramme :

Military — Gen. Hall, Gen. Storms, Gen. Spicer, Gen. Yates, Gen. C. H. Arthur, Col. Postley, Col. Hincken, Col. Styles, Col. Van Buren, Col. Pierson, Lieut.-Col., Osgood, Lieut.-Col. Halleck. Civil—Emanuel D. Hart, George W. M'Lean, Simeon Draper, Isaac Bell, Jun., John Van Buren, John R. Carland, David H. Turner, Edward Vincent, Richard Winne, John S. Lawrence, Halsey Mitchell, John R. Briggs.

General Cadwallader's Camp at Locust Point



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