Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
in disloyalty to the American
flag will be wise if they go to Europe or Asia, or hold their tongues.
THE HEROES WHO FIRST FELL.
IN Acton, a country town of
Massachusetts about 30 miles from Boston, and near Concord bridge where the
battle was fought in '75, there is a military company which is composed of the
descendants of the men who fought and fell in the battle. Their commander's
family name since that day has always been Davis. On Monday morning, the 15th
April, the proclamation of the President of the United States calling for troops
was issued. On Tuesday morning; the 16th, at one o'clock, the Acton church bell
rang. The men of the town hastily assembled on the green. The
proclamation was read, and the requisition of the Governor of Massachusetts ;
and at 9 o'clock that morning the Acton company was in Fanueil Hall, in Boston,
ready for service. On Friday, the 19th April, the great day of the company's
history, it was engaged in
Baltimore; and the heroes of Lexington and Concord of
'75 made place in glory beside them, for their sons the heroes of
fight in '61.
Nor is he less a hero who is the
official civil and military head of Massachusetts in this solemn hour. Long
foreseeing the inevitable result; personally acquainted with leaders of the
rebellion, then ripening into full traitors; sprung of the blood which has been
the seed of liberty and progressive civilization; an accomplished civilian; a
man altogether of the higher type of the old Revolutionary leaders, Governor
Andrews has been preparing, hoping against hope for a peaceable solution, so
that the Massachusetts men could be equipped and forwarded at once. It was their
happiness to be first summoned and first in the field. It will be their undying
fame that, in the great struggle of us all to maintain the liberty our fathers
won, they were again the first to fall.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A NEW MISERERE
(For this Year's Easter Service
at the Pope's Chapel). THE tottering state of Peter's chair,
Its shaky legs, its cushions
All stuffed with thorns for soft
And the old man that filleth it,
Upon French bayonets forced to sit
(Galling predicament, admit),
The triple crown, now crushed and
As e'er the shockingest bad hat,
Since Piedmont on it rudely sat,
The great Cross-Keys—that sign
which showed The oldest house upon the road, Now desolation's drear abode,
St. Peter's bark, before the
blast, Upon a lee-shore driving fast,
With leaky sides, and splintered
The Captain of that storm-beat
Helplessly running fore and aft,
St. Peter's Patrimony fair,
Where once the Church had
Now reft from apostolic care,
St.. Peter's sheep—whose fat
Was ours, both mutton, wool, and
Turned out for heretics to
Their shepherd, to the wolves a
(Some in sheep's clothing, sad to
And others who their fangs
The cardinals, in fear intense,
Mustered for their red hats' defense,
Cut down from Peter's Pounds and
The friars, black. blue, brown,
Who slept pure cloister-lives
away, Now rudely driven to work, not pray,
Poor bats, broad daylight made to
Poor moles, dug out to upper air,
Poor owls, from ruins forced to fare,
Our ancient wind-bags, pricked by
Our reverend shams, turned inside
Our pious frauds, sin's impious
Austrian hopes now down at
zero—Grand-Dukes beloved by every Nero
King Bombalino—youthful hero
And lastly Bowyer (noble chief'),
Who dares to hold the Papal brief, Gainst
John Bull (cursed be his beef),
A QUESTION FOR, THE HOMEOPATHISTS.
like, say Hahneminn's disciples.
Well, granted this be so, who will tell as whether an attack of the jaundice may
not be cured by a small mouthful of pate de foie gras, which every body knows is
made of diseased liver?
DON'T BELIEVE IT WAS EVER
SAID.—Theatrical anecdotes are generally very stupid—so are most other
anecdotes—and one hates to see a Party getting into his anecdotage. What is the
good, for instance, of telling this story. An actress who is a very great
favorite with the gallery, was being complimented in the green-room upon the
blackness of her hair. " Why, it's dyed," she replied, with the amiable
frankness of the true artist. "Dyed," repeated the other speaker, "why, favorite
as you are, you are not yet five-and-twenty." "No," said the lady, "but you
"' Whom the Gods love, dye
A QUESTION FOR DR. TAYLOR.
Why is a man who has made his
Will like a subtle poisoner? Because he's a Test-hater (pronounced,
A fiend in human form suggests
that, in these days of patent candles and much writing, it would be well if some
authors, instead of consuming the midnight oil, were to burn the midnight
According to Drummond of
Hawthornden, it was a remark of Dr. Arthur Johnston, on being told of a bishop
who seldom preached, that he was "a very rare preacher."
A Schoolmistress once asked a
pupil to tell What word the letters S double E spell?
The child was but dull, and to
mistress cries, "What is it, you dunce, I do with my eyes?"
Oh yes!" says the child, quickly
taking the hint, "I know the word now, ma'am, S double E squint!"
LYING IN STATE.—A Queen's Speech.
A just but a severe man built a
gallows on a bridge, and asked every passenger whither he was going. If he
answered truly, he passed unharmed; if falsely, he was hanged on the gallows.
One day a passenger, being asked the usual question, answered, "I am going to be
hanged on the gallows."—" Now," said the gallows-builder, " if I hang this man,
he will have answered truly, and ought not to have been hanged; if I do not hang
him, he will have answered falsely, and ought to have been hanged." It is not
recorded what decision he came to.
" C Pray, Sir," said a person who
had previously been the backmost of a crowd, to another who had just joined
it—"pray, Sir, have the kindness not to press upon me; it is unnecessary, since
there is no one behind to press upon you:" "But there may be presently," said
the other; " besides, Sir, where's the good of being in a crowd, if one mayn't
A young clergyman very deficient
in learning complaining to Dr. Johnson that somehow or other he had lost all his
Greek—" I suppose," said the Doctor, "it was at the time I lost my great estate
" Sir, your account has stood for
two years, and I must have it settled immediately."—To which the customer
replied—"Sir, things usually do settle by standing; I regret that my account is
an exception. If it has been standing too long, suppose you let it run a while'
The Rev. Dr. A— and the late Mr.
T-, of B—, were together on a scientific excursion in Perthshire. They were
pursuing their researches on the estate of Dunsinane, which had lately become
the inheritance of a gentleman named Mellis, but who had changed his name on
succeeding to the property. "It is well," said Dr. A-, "that the laird has not
been injured by prosperity; he is well spoken of." "He ought," replied Mr. T—,
"since he has laid aside malice and is done sinnin."
ARTIFICIAL MEMORY.—A humorous
comment on this system was made by a waiter at a hotel where Feinaigle dined
after giving his lecture on artificial memory. A few minutes after the professor
left the table the waiter entered, with uplifted hands and eyes, exclaiming,
"Well, I protest the memory-man has forgotten his umbrella!"
At a banquet, when solving
enigmas was one of the diversions, Alexander said to one of his courtiers,
"What is that which did not come last year, and will not come next year?" A
distressed officer, starting up, said, "It certainly must be our arrears of
pay." The king was so diverted that he commanded him to be paid up, and also
increased his pay.]
A quack doctor advertises to this
effect. "Consumptives, cough while you can; for after you have taken one bottle
of my mixture you can't." We rather think we won't take any of that stuff until
we find out what he means by the above rather equivocal extract from his
EXAMINER. "Who was the strongest
SMART Boy. "Jonah."
EXAMINER. "Why SO?"
SMART Boy. "'Cause the whale
couldn't hold him after he got him down."
In one of the States they passed
an act that no dog should go at large without a muzzle, and a man was brought up
for infringing the statute. In defense he alleged that his dog had a muzzle. "
How is that?" quoth the justice. "Oh!" said the defendant, " the act says
nothing of where the muzzle should be placed; and as I thought the animal would
like the fresh air, I put the muzzle on his tail."
It is the opinion of the doctor
that the lawyer gets his living by plunder, while the lawyer thinks the doctor
gets his by "pillage."
"What do you call this?" said
Jones, tapping his dinner lightly with his fork. "Call it?" snarled the
landlord: " what do you call it?"—"Well, really," said Jones, "I don't know ; it
hasn't quite enough hair in it for plaster, but there's a leetle too much in it
" Weigh your words," said a man
to a fellow who was blustering away in a towering passion at another. "They
won't weigh much if he does," said the antagonist, coolly.
A burglar was once frightened out
of his scheme of robbery by the sweet simplicity of a solitary spinster, who,
putting her night-capped head out of the window, exclaimed: "Go away! ain't you
HONEY AND BUTTER.—The Rev. Dr. M-
was reputed for the suavity of his manners and his especial politeness toward
the fair sex. Handing a dish of honey to a lady, at a party in his house, he
said, in his wonted manner, "Do take a little honey, Miss —; 'tis so sweet—so
like yourself." A Mr. Mudie, handing the butter-dish to the host, exclaimed, "Do
take a little butter, Doctor; 'tis so like yourself!"
" Dear Adolphus," said a
fashionable belle the other day to her accepted Suitor, "can you tell me the
color of the winds and waves ?"—" Oh yes," replied Adolphus, "for I have
frequently seen it stated that the wind blew and the waves rose !"
A beggar, some time ago, applied
to alms at the door of a partisan of the Anti-begging Society.' After in vain
detailing his manifold sorrows, the inexorable gentleman peremptorily dismissed
him. "Go away," said he; "go —we canna gie ye naething." "You might at least,"
replied the mendicant, with an air of great dignity and archness, "have refused
A woman of a satirical mind was
asked by her friends if she really intended to marry Mr.-;adding, that Mr.- was
a good kind of a man, but so very singular. " Well," replied the lady, "so much
the better; if he is very much unlike other men, he is much more likely to make
a good husband."
An old lady, who had been
frightened by the running of a horse, was afterward asked "how she felt when the
animal was plunging?"—" Oh," said she, " I trusted in Providence 'till the
breechin' broke, and then I had to look out for myself'
Should not our fair countrywomen
take into consideration whether they do not begin to be agreeable a little too
early, and leave off a great deal too soon?
A lady, somewhat advanced in
years, whose vivacity sometimes approached the borders of impertinence, asked an
old man, in rather a jeering tone, why he was always dressed in black, and what
he wore mourning for?"- "For your charms, Miss," he gallantly replied.
Boswell complained to Johnson
that the noise of the company the day before had made his head ache. " No, Sir,
it was not the noise that made your head ache; it was the sense we put into
it."—" Has sense that effect upon the head?"—" Yes, Sir, on heads not used to
A Scottish student, supposed to
be deficient in judgment, was asked by a professor, in the course of his
examination, how he would discover a fool. "By the questions he would ask," was
the prompt and highly suggestive reply.
Put your money into a box if you
like, but not a dice-box.
EQUESTRIAN BURGLARY, The breaking
in of horses,
A LETTER FROM THE STATE
THE following important letter has been sent by
Mr. Seward to
Governor Hicks, of Maryland:
" DEPARTMENT OF STATE, April 22,
Thomas H. Hicks, Governor of Maryland
"SIR,—I have had the honor to
receive your communication of this morning, in which you have informed me that
you have felt it to be your duty to advise the President of the United States to
order elsewhere the troops off
Annapolis, and also that no more be sent through
Maryland, and that you have further suggested that
Lord Lyons be requested to
act as mediator between the contending parties in our country, to prevent the
effusion of blood.
" The President directs me to
acknowledge the receipt of that communication, and to assure you that he has
weighed the counsels which it contains with the respect which he habitually
cherishes for the Chief Magistrates of the several States, and especially for
yourself. He regrets as deeply as any Magistrate or citizen of the country can,
that demonstrations against the safety of the United States, with very extensive
preparations for the effusion of blood, have made it his duty to call out the
force to which you allude. The force now sought to be sent through Maryland is
intended for nothing but the defense of this capital.
"The President has necessarily
confided the choice of the National highway which that force shall take in
coming to this city to Lieutenant-General Scott, commanding army of the United
States, who, like his only predecessor, is not less distinguished for his
humanity than for his loyalty, patriotism, and distinguished public service.
"The President instructs me to
add that the national highway thus selected by the Lieutenant-General has been
chosen by him upon consultation with prominent magistrates and citizens of
Maryland, as the one which, while a route is absolutely necessary, is further
removed from the populous cities of the State, and with the expectation that it
would, therefore, be the least objectionable one.
"The President can not but
remember that there has been a time in the history of the American Union when
forces designed for the defense of its capital were not unwelcome any where in
the State of Maryland, and certainly not at
Annapolis—then, as now, the capital
of that patriotic State, and then, also, one of the capitals of the Union. If
eighty years could have obliterated all other noble sentiments of that age in
Maryland, the President would be hopeful, nevertheless, that there is one that
would forever remain there and every where. That sentiment is, that no domestic
contention whatever that may arise among the parties of this republic, ought, in
any case, to be referred to any foreign arbitrament, least of all to the
arbitrament of a European Monarchy.
"I have the honor to be, with
distinguished consideration, your Excellency's most obedient servant,
"WILLIAM H. SEWARD."
The following account has been published : "On Saturday evening, at 9
o'clock, the Pawnee, arrived from Washington, with 200 volunteers and 100
marines, besides her own crew, and at once the officers and crew of the Pawnee
and Cumberland went to the Navy-yard and spiked and disabled the guns, and threw
the shot and small-arms into the river. At ten o'clock the marines, who had been
quartered in the barracks, fired them, and came on board the Pawnee. This
movement was premature, for it was the intention to fire all the buildings
simultaneously. A party of officers, meantime, were going through the different
buildings and ships, distributing waste and turpentine, and laying a train so as
to blow up the Dry Dock. They were engaged in this work until 2 o'clock, when
the train was fired. At 3 o'clock the Yankee, to the Captain of which, Charles Germain, much credit is due, came along and took the Cumberland in tow, the
Pawnee taking the lead. All the vessels beat to quarters, the guns were manned,
and every thing was in readiness to carry out the threat of Commodore M'Auley,
that if a gun was fired from either shore he would level both Portsmouth and
Norfolk. At this time the scene was indescribably magnificent, all the buildings
being in a blaze, and explosions here and there scattering the cinders in all
HOW THE "CUMBERLAND" ESCAPED.
The Yankee left the yard with the
Cumberland in tow about 3 o'clock. The fleet proceeded down the river until 9
o'clock, when it came to anchor within a mile of the point where wrecks were
known to have been sunk for the purpose of obstructing the navigation. Boats
were sent out to take soundings in order to ascertain whether some other passage
than the regular channel could not be found. All efforts proved unsuccessful, as
the fleet raised anchor and forced their way directly through the wrecks. The
Cumberland caught one of the sunken vessels and carried it along with her, and
apprehensions were at first entertained that she might be carried on to Sewell's
Point, where it was supposed that the rebels had erected batteries. Meantime the
Keystone State came up from Washington with marines, and by her help and that of
the Yankee, the Cumberland was towed into deep water and the wreck was
disentangled. She then went up under protection of the guns of
Fort Monroe and
came to anchor. While the vessels lay there, four men, who had been employed in
the Navy-yard, succeeded in making their way down the river, and reported that
they left every thing in flames, and the smoke and flames could easily be seen
from the Cumberland. The rebels, too, they reported were fearful of attempting
to arrest the flames, because they apprehended that a train was laid to blow up
The following telegraphic
correspondence explains itself:
"I pray you to cause the bodies
of our Massachusetts soldiers dead in
Baltimore to be immediately laid out,
preserved in ice, and tenderly sent forward by express to me. All expenses will
be paid by this Commonwealth.
"JOHN A. ANDREWS, Governor of
Massachusetts." The Mayor replied as follows:
" The Hon. John A. Andrews,
Governor of Massachusetts:
"SIR,—No one deplores the sad
events of yesterday in this city more deeply than myself; but they were
inevitable. Our people viewed the passage of armed troops to another State
through the streets as an invasion of our soil, and could not be restrained. The
authorities exerted themselves to the best of their ability, but with only
Governor Hicks was present, and concurs in all my views as to
the proceedings now necessary for our protection. When are these scenes to
cease? Are we to have a war of sections ? God forbid! The bodies of the
Massachusetts soldiers could not be sent out to Boston, as you requested, all
communication between this city and Philadelphia by railroad, and with Boston by
steamers, having ceased; but they have been placed in cemented coffins, and will
be placed, with proper funeral ceremonies, in the mausoleum of Green Mount
Cemetery, where they shall be retained until further directions are received
from you. The wounded are tenderly cared for. I appreciate your offer, but
Baltimore will claim it as her right to pay all expenses incurred.
"Very respectfully, your obedient
" GEORGE M. Brown, Mayor of
Baltimore." To this the following reply was returned by the Governor:
" To His Honor George M. Brown,
Mayor of Baltimore
"DEAR SIR,—I appreciate your kind
attention to our wounded and our dead, and trust that at the earliest moment the
remains of our fallen will return to us. I am overwhelmed with surprise that a
peaceful march of American citizens over the highway to the defense of our
common Capital should be deemed aggressive to Baltimoreans. Through New York the
march was triumphal.
JOHN A. ANDREWS, Governor of
BURIAL OF THE MASSACHUSETTS
A letter has been received by a gentleman in this city from a friend
in Baltimore, of the highest respectability, giving a touching account of the
inquest over the bodies of the two Massachusetts soldiers, killed on Friday
last, and of their burial at Green Mount Cemetery. Their remains were followed
to the grave by a number of respectable citizens, and the funeral services were
solemnly performed by a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The writer
declares that their death took place without the sanction
of either the city or the State
authorities—that their slayers were not enemies but murderers.
All accounts from Baltimore
represent the condition of affairs in that city as most fearful. Irresponsible
mobs, calling themselves Vigilance Committees, exercise a severe espionage over
persons entering or leaving the city, and those who incur their suspicion or
displeasure are treated in the most harsh and summary manner. Numbers of the
people are flying from their homes and seeking safety in the country. The
bridges over the roads connecting with Baltimore have all been destroyed, and
armed parties are assembled to prevent their repair or reconstruction. Travelers
coming North have great difficulty in getting from the city, and on the
slightest pretexts are detained and subjected to hardships and indignities.
WHAT NEW YORK IS DOING.
New York has nobly responded to
the call made for troops to assert and protect the honor of our national flag,
and is fast drafting her military forces to the expected scene of strife. Eight
regiments have already taken their departure from Washington, as follows:
Seventh regiment, Colonel Lefferts 1000 men.
Vosburgh 1000 "
Twelfth regiment, Colonel
Butterfield, 950 "
Sixth regiment, Colonel
Pinckney 850 "
Corcoran 1000 "
Eighth regiment, Colonel Lyons
1000 " Thirteenth regiment, Colonel Smith (Brooklyn) 700 " Twenty-eighth regt.,
Col. Bennett (Brooklyn) 800 "
It will thus be seen that 7300
troops have left the city—no small share of the quota which is expected from the
State—and a much larger number is in readiness to leave on receipt of the
WHAT RHODE ISLAND HAS DONE.
Since last Monday morning, Rhode
Island has called and held a special session of the Legislature, appropriated
half a million of dollars to fitting out troops, thrown 500 Rhode Island boys
Fort Monroe in Virginia, sent to Easton, Pennsylvania, a splendid battery
of light artillery, which might now have been in Washington, had not it, march
been countermanded by the War Department, and she now has a regiment 1200
strong, with her Governor at its head, far on the voyage to Washington!
MAJOR ANDERSON'S TERMS OF
"STEAMSHIP BALTIC, OFF SANDY
April 18, 1861.
"The Hon. S Cameron, Secretary of
War, Washington, D. C.
for thirty-four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, the main gates
destroyed by fire, the gorge wall seriously injured, the magazine surrounded by
flames, and its door closed from the effects of the heat, four barrels and three
cartridges of powder only being available, and no provisions but pork remaining,
I accepted terms of evacuation offered by
General Beauregard, being the same
offered by him on the 11th instant, prior to the commencement of hostilities,
and marched out of the fort Sunday afternoon, the 11th instant, with colors
flying and drums beating, bringing away company and private property, and
saluting my flag with fifty guns.
"ROBERT ANDERSON, Major First
Hannibal Hamlin arrived in this
city on 23d, from his residence in Maine. He has taken up his quarters at the
Astor House, where he will remain for the present.
Mr. Evans, the editor of the
Baltimore Patriot, has been driven from that city by the traitors, and arrived
in Philadelphia. He declares he will return to the city if he can get a military
Gen. Cass made a patriotic speech
at Detroit, last week, urging the people to stand by the Union and the
Government, and to rally to the defense of the
Cassius M. Clay, Minister to
Russia, has offered his services to the Secretary of War, either to raise a
regiment or to serve as a private soldier in the ranks. Mr. Cameron said to him,
"Sir, this is the first instance in history that ever I heard of where a foreign
Minister volunteered to to serve in the ranks." "Then," said Clay, " let's make
a little history." A company of 100 volunteers was speedily raised and put under
Gen. Henry Wilson, U. S. Senator
from Massachusetts, passed through our city last week on his way to Washington.
He goes as a private in the Worcester regiment.
It is stated in the Evening Post
that Hon. Gideon J. Tucker, Ex-Secretary of State, has become editor and part
proprietor of the Daily News of this city. Mr. Seaver, the late editor, is a
stanch Union man.
THE ITALIAN PARLIAMENT.
IN reply to an interpolation in
the Chamber on the Roman question, Count Caveat said the Italian Government
could only employ moral means, and can not act against Rome as a conqueror. He
admitted that the solution of the Neapolitan difficulty was bound up in the
Roman question, and hoped the antagonism of the Church would soon cease. He said
the Government would energetically suppress tiny disturbances in Naples, and the
most efficacious means would be taken for the solution of the Roman question.
The Chamber finally adopted the following, almost unanimously:
"The Chamber, having confidence
in the Government, and acknowledging the necessity for the union of Rome to
Italy, in accomplishing which, however, the grandeur and independence of the
Church and the Pope will be guaranteed, passes to the order of the day."
Count Cavour, in reply to a
question, denied the rumors of an intended cession of the Island of Sardinia to
Arrests continue to be made in
Naples of parties implicated in the recently-discovered conspiracy, and a
searching investigation was progressing.
Reactionary attempts had been
suppressed at numerous places.
PROSPECT OF WAR.
A well-known correspondent of the
Times points out the temptation to immediate hostilities. He says it is ruinous
to Austria to wait until the Italian Kingdom is consolidated. A bold attack with
two hundred thousand men would soon bring the Austrians to Milan and Turin. A
pretext must be found, otherwise the French would again cross the Alps. This is
the pretext: Austrian agents all over Lombardy are buying up the conges of
Garibaldians, the price being about £12 each. Once a sufficient number of these
conges bought up, a corresponding number of men can be easily put in red shirts,
and be made to attack. Thus Austria will have a right to retaliate, and the
Austrian Army will re-enter Italy.
TROUBLES AT WARSAW.
The Journal St. Petersburg gives
the following version of the renewed disturbance at Warsaw: Great crowds of
people having assembled before the castle, were dispersed by force; the conflict
was renewed several times. Ten persons were killed and as many wounded. Five
soldiers were killed, and forty-five persons were arrested. Other accounts say
the number of victims was larger even than stated in original telegram. Renewal
of disturbances expected. The troops at Warsaw number 22,000 men.
The Globe of April 20 has a long
article on the relations between England and the United States, advocating a
sincere and firm alliance, forgetting all past differences, and says that the
North has a just cause, that the permanent good-will of the American people is
worth striving for, and that it hopes to see the rebellion put down and the
traitors dealt with as they deserve.