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Civil War Harper's Weekly, May 4, 1861

This original issue of the Harper's Weekly Civil War newspaper features a variety of intriguing images and stories. Topics include a picture an report on the Attack on Fort Sumter, and the First casualty of the Civil war at the Battle of Baltimore. Also of interest is material on Regiments on the way to war, and the officers at Fort Sumter.




Charleston During the Attack on Ft. Sumter

Early News of the Civil War

Affairs in Baltimore

Virginia Battle Map

Civil War Battle Map of Virginia

News of the Beginning of Hostilities

Massachusetts Volunteers

Massachusetts Volunteers

New York Militia

The New York Militia

Fort Sumter officers

Fort Sumter Officers

Union Square in New York

Union Square in New York City

Seventh Regiment

The Seventh Regiment Soldiers Marching

First Blood

First Blood: The Battle of Baltimore

Governor's Island

Governor's Island



MAY 4, 1861.



in disloyalty to the American flag will be wise if they go to Europe or Asia, or hold their tongues.


IN Acton, a country town of Massachusetts about 30 miles from Boston, and near Concord bridge where the battle was fought in '75, there is a military company which is composed of the descendants of the men who fought and fell in the battle. Their commander's family name since that day has always been Davis. On Monday morning, the 15th April, the proclamation of the President of the United States calling for troops was issued. On Tuesday morning; the 16th, at one o'clock, the Acton church bell rang. The men of the town hastily assembled on the green. The President's proclamation was read, and the requisition of the Governor of Massachusetts ; and at 9 o'clock that morning the Acton company was in Fanueil Hall, in Boston, ready for service. On Friday, the 19th April, the great day of the company's history, it was engaged in Baltimore; and the heroes of Lexington and Concord of '75 made place in glory beside them, for their sons the heroes of Baltimore fight in '61.

Nor is he less a hero who is the official civil and military head of Massachusetts in this solemn hour. Long foreseeing the inevitable result; personally acquainted with leaders of the rebellion, then ripening into full traitors; sprung of the blood which has been the seed of liberty and progressive civilization; an accomplished civilian; a man altogether of the higher type of the old Revolutionary leaders, Governor Andrews has been preparing, hoping against hope for a peaceable solution, so that the Massachusetts men could be equipped and forwarded at once. It was their happiness to be first summoned and first in the field. It will be their undying fame that, in the great struggle of us all to maintain the liberty our fathers won, they were again the first to fall.



(For this Year's Easter Service at the Pope's Chapel). THE tottering state of Peter's chair,

Its shaky legs, its cushions bare,

All stuffed with thorns for soft horse-hair,


And the old man that filleth it, Upon French bayonets forced to sit

(Galling predicament, admit), Miserere!

The triple crown, now crushed and flat,

As e'er the shockingest bad hat, Since Piedmont on it rudely sat,


The great Cross-Keys—that sign which showed The oldest house upon the road, Now desolation's drear abode,


St. Peter's bark, before the blast, Upon a lee-shore driving fast,

With leaky sides, and splintered mast,


The Captain of that storm-beat craft,

Helplessly running fore and aft,

No chart-no compass—life-buoy—raft-


St. Peter's Patrimony fair,

Where once the Church had pickings rare,

Now reft from apostolic care, Miserere!

St.. Peter's sheep—whose fat increase,

Was ours, both mutton, wool, and grease-

Turned out for heretics to fleece, Miserere!

Their shepherd, to the wolves a prey,

(Some in sheep's clothing, sad to say,

And others who their fangs display)


The cardinals, in fear intense, Mustered for their red hats' defense,

Cut down from Peter's Pounds and Pence,


The friars, black. blue, brown, and gray,

Who slept pure cloister-lives away, Now rudely driven to work, not pray,


Poor bats, broad daylight made to bear,

Poor moles, dug out to upper air, Poor owls, from ruins forced to fare,


Our ancient wind-bags, pricked by doubt .

Our reverend shams, turned inside out

Our pious frauds, sin's impious flout


Austrian hopes now down at zero—Grand-Dukes beloved by every Nero

King Bombalino—youthful hero


And lastly Bowyer (noble chief'), Who dares to hold the Papal brief, Gainst John Bull (cursed be his beef),



—Like cureth

like, say Hahneminn's disciples. Well, granted this be so, who will tell as whether an attack of the jaundice may not be cured by a small mouthful of pate de foie gras, which every body knows is made of diseased liver?


DON'T BELIEVE IT WAS EVER SAID.—Theatrical anecdotes are generally very stupid—so are most other anecdotes—and one hates to see a Party getting into his anecdotage. What is the good, for instance, of telling this story. An actress who is a very great favorite with the gallery, was being complimented in the green-room upon the blackness of her hair. " Why, it's dyed," she replied, with the amiable frankness of the true artist. "Dyed," repeated the other speaker, "why, favorite as you are, you are not yet five-and-twenty." "No," said the lady, "but you know-

"' Whom the Gods love, dye young."'


Why is a man who has made his Will like a subtle poisoner? Because he's a Test-hater (pronounced, cockneywise,Testutor).

A fiend in human form suggests that, in these days of patent candles and much writing, it would be well if some authors, instead of consuming the midnight oil, were to burn the midnight composition.

According to Drummond of Hawthornden, it was a remark of Dr. Arthur Johnston, on being told of a bishop who seldom preached, that he was "a very rare preacher."


A Schoolmistress once asked a pupil to tell What word the letters S double E spell?

The child was but dull, and to mistress cries, "What is it, you dunce, I do with my eyes?"

Oh yes!" says the child, quickly taking the hint, "I know the word now, ma'am, S double E squint!"


LYING IN STATE.—A Queen's Speech.

A just but a severe man built a gallows on a bridge, and asked every passenger whither he was going. If he answered truly, he passed unharmed; if falsely, he was hanged on the gallows. One day a passenger, being asked the usual question, answered, "I am going to be hanged on the gallows."—" Now," said the gallows-builder, " if I hang this man, he will have answered truly, and ought not to have been hanged; if I do not hang him, he will have answered falsely, and ought to have been hanged." It is not recorded what decision he came to.

" C Pray, Sir," said a person who had previously been the backmost of a crowd, to another who had just joined it—"pray, Sir, have the kindness not to press upon me; it is unnecessary, since there is no one behind to press upon you:" "But there may be presently," said the other; " besides, Sir, where's the good of being in a crowd, if one mayn't shove?"

A young clergyman very deficient in learning complaining to Dr. Johnson that somehow or other he had lost all his Greek—" I suppose," said the Doctor, "it was at the time I lost my great estate in Yorkshire."


" Sir, your account has stood for two years, and I must have it settled immediately."—To which the customer replied—"Sir, things usually do settle by standing; I regret that my account is an exception. If it has been standing too long, suppose you let it run a while'

The Rev. Dr. A— and the late Mr. T-, of B—, were together on a scientific excursion in Perthshire. They were pursuing their researches on the estate of Dunsinane, which had lately become the inheritance of a gentleman named Mellis, but who had changed his name on succeeding to the property. "It is well," said Dr. A-, "that the laird has not been injured by prosperity; he is well spoken of." "He ought," replied Mr. T—, "since he has laid aside malice and is done sinnin."


ARTIFICIAL MEMORY.—A humorous comment on this system was made by a waiter at a hotel where Feinaigle dined after giving his lecture on artificial memory. A few minutes after the professor left the table the waiter entered, with uplifted hands and eyes, exclaiming, "Well, I protest the memory-man has forgotten his umbrella!"

At a banquet, when solving enigmas was one of the diversions, Alexander said to one of his courtiers, "What is that which did not come last year, and will not come next year?" A distressed officer, starting up, said, "It certainly must be our arrears of pay." The king was so diverted that he commanded him to be paid up, and also increased his pay.]

A quack doctor advertises to this effect. "Consumptives, cough while you can; for after you have taken one bottle of my mixture you can't." We rather think we won't take any of that stuff until we find out what he means by the above rather equivocal extract from his advertisement.


EXAMINER. "Who was the strongest man?"

SMART Boy. "Jonah."


SMART Boy. "'Cause the whale couldn't hold him after he got him down."


In one of the States they passed an act that no dog should go at large without a muzzle, and a man was brought up for infringing the statute. In defense he alleged that his dog had a muzzle. " How is that?" quoth the justice. "Oh!" said the defendant, " the act says nothing of where the muzzle should be placed; and as I thought the animal would like the fresh air, I put the muzzle on his tail."

It is the opinion of the doctor that the lawyer gets his living by plunder, while the lawyer thinks the doctor gets his by "pillage."

"What do you call this?" said Jones, tapping his dinner lightly with his fork. "Call it?" snarled the landlord: " what do you call it?"—"Well, really," said Jones, "I don't know ; it hasn't quite enough hair in it for plaster, but there's a leetle too much in it for hash."

" Weigh your words," said a man to a fellow who was blustering away in a towering passion at another. "They won't weigh much if he does," said the antagonist, coolly.

A burglar was once frightened out of his scheme of robbery by the sweet simplicity of a solitary spinster, who, putting her night-capped head out of the window, exclaimed: "Go away! ain't you ashamed!"


HONEY AND BUTTER.—The Rev. Dr. M- was reputed for the suavity of his manners and his especial politeness toward the fair sex. Handing a dish of honey to a lady, at a party in his house, he said, in his wonted manner, "Do take a little honey, Miss —; 'tis so sweet—so like yourself." A Mr. Mudie, handing the butter-dish to the host, exclaimed, "Do take a little butter, Doctor; 'tis so like yourself!"

" Dear Adolphus," said a fashionable belle the other day to her accepted Suitor, "can you tell me the color of the winds and waves ?"—" Oh yes," replied Adolphus, "for I have frequently seen it stated that the wind blew and the waves rose !"

A beggar, some time ago, applied to alms at the door of a partisan of the Anti-begging Society.' After in vain detailing his manifold sorrows, the inexorable gentleman peremptorily dismissed him. "Go away," said he; "go —we canna gie ye naething." "You might at least," replied the mendicant, with an air of great dignity and archness, "have refused me grammatically."

A woman of a satirical mind was asked by her friends if she really intended to marry Mr.-;adding, that Mr.- was a good kind of a man, but so very singular. " Well," replied the lady, "so much the better; if he is very much unlike other men, he is much more likely to make a good husband."

An old lady, who had been frightened by the running of a horse, was afterward asked "how she felt when the animal was plunging?"—" Oh," said she, " I trusted in Providence 'till the breechin' broke, and then I had to look out for myself'

Should not our fair countrywomen take into consideration whether they do not begin to be agreeable a little too early, and leave off a great deal too soon? 

A lady, somewhat advanced in years, whose vivacity sometimes approached the borders of impertinence, asked an old man, in rather a jeering tone, why he was always dressed in black, and what he wore mourning for?"- "For your charms, Miss," he gallantly replied.

Boswell complained to Johnson that the noise of the company the day before had made his head ache. " No, Sir, it was not the noise that made your head ache; it was the sense we put into it."—" Has sense that effect upon the head?"—" Yes, Sir, on heads not used to it."

A Scottish student, supposed to be deficient in judgment, was asked by a professor, in the course of his examination, how he would discover a fool. "By the questions he would ask," was the prompt and highly suggestive reply.

Put your money into a box if you like, but not a dice-box.

EQUESTRIAN BURGLARY, The breaking in of horses,



THE following important letter has been sent by Mr. Seward to Governor Hicks, of Maryland:

" DEPARTMENT OF STATE, April 22, 1861. " Thomas H. Hicks, Governor of Maryland

"SIR,—I have had the honor to receive your communication of this morning, in which you have informed me that you have felt it to be your duty to advise the President of the United States to order elsewhere the troops off Annapolis, and also that no more be sent through Maryland, and that you have further suggested that Lord Lyons be requested to act as mediator between the contending parties in our country, to prevent the effusion of blood.

" The President directs me to acknowledge the receipt of that communication, and to assure you that he has weighed the counsels which it contains with the respect which he habitually cherishes for the Chief Magistrates of the several States, and especially for yourself. He regrets as deeply as any Magistrate or citizen of the country can, that demonstrations against the safety of the United States, with very extensive preparations for the effusion of blood, have made it his duty to call out the force to which you allude. The force now sought to be sent through Maryland is intended for nothing but the defense of this capital.

"The President has necessarily confided the choice of the National highway which that force shall take in coming to this city to Lieutenant-General Scott, commanding army of the United States, who, like his only predecessor, is not less distinguished for his humanity than for his loyalty, patriotism, and distinguished public service.

"The President instructs me to add that the national highway thus selected by the Lieutenant-General has been chosen by him upon consultation with prominent magistrates and citizens of Maryland, as the one which, while a route is absolutely necessary, is further removed from the populous cities of the State, and with the expectation that it would, therefore, be the least objectionable one.

"The President can not but remember that there has been a time in the history of the American Union when forces designed for the defense of its capital were not unwelcome any where in the State of Maryland, and certainly not at Annapolis—then, as now, the capital of that patriotic State, and then, also, one of the capitals of the Union. If eighty years could have obliterated all other noble sentiments of that age in Maryland, the President would be hopeful, nevertheless, that there is one that would forever remain there and every where. That sentiment is, that no domestic contention whatever that may arise among the parties of this republic, ought, in any case, to be referred to any foreign arbitrament, least of all to the arbitrament of a European Monarchy.

"I have the honor to be, with distinguished consideration, your Excellency's most obedient servant,



 The following account has been published : "On Saturday evening, at 9 o'clock, the Pawnee, arrived from Washington, with 200 volunteers and 100 marines, besides her own crew, and at once the officers and crew of the Pawnee and Cumberland went to the Navy-yard and spiked and disabled the guns, and threw the shot and small-arms into the river. At ten o'clock the marines, who had been quartered in the barracks, fired them, and came on board the Pawnee. This movement was premature, for it was the intention to fire all the buildings simultaneously. A party of officers, meantime, were going through the different buildings and ships, distributing waste and turpentine, and laying a train so as to blow up the Dry Dock. They were engaged in this work until 2 o'clock, when the train was fired. At 3 o'clock the Yankee, to the Captain of which, Charles Germain, much credit is due, came along and took the Cumberland in tow, the Pawnee taking the lead. All the vessels beat to quarters, the guns were manned, and every thing was in readiness to carry out the threat of Commodore M'Auley, that if a gun was fired from either shore he would level both Portsmouth and Norfolk. At this time the scene was indescribably magnificent, all the buildings being in a blaze, and explosions here and there scattering the cinders in all directions."


The Yankee left the yard with the Cumberland in tow about 3 o'clock. The fleet proceeded down the river until 9 o'clock, when it came to anchor within a mile of the point where wrecks were known to have been sunk for the purpose of obstructing the navigation. Boats were sent out to take soundings in order to ascertain whether some other passage than the regular channel could not be found. All efforts proved unsuccessful, as the fleet raised anchor and forced their way directly through the wrecks. The Cumberland caught one of the sunken vessels and carried it along with her, and apprehensions were at first entertained that she might be carried on to Sewell's Point, where it was supposed that the rebels had erected batteries. Meantime the Keystone State came up from Washington with marines, and by her help and that of the Yankee, the Cumberland was towed into deep water and the wreck was disentangled. She then went up under protection of the guns of Fort Monroe and came to anchor. While the vessels lay there, four men, who had been employed in the Navy-yard, succeeded in making their way down the river, and reported that they left every thing in flames, and the smoke and flames could easily be seen from the Cumberland. The rebels, too, they reported were fearful of attempting to arrest the flames, because they apprehended that a train was laid to blow up the buildings.



The following telegraphic correspondence explains itself:

"I pray you to cause the bodies of our Massachusetts soldiers dead in Baltimore to be immediately laid out, preserved in ice, and tenderly sent forward by express to me. All expenses will be paid by this Commonwealth.

"JOHN A. ANDREWS, Governor of Massachusetts." The Mayor replied as follows:

" The Hon. John A. Andrews, Governor of Massachusetts:

"SIR,—No one deplores the sad events of yesterday in this city more deeply than myself; but they were inevitable. Our people viewed the passage of armed troops to another State through the streets as an invasion of our soil, and could not be restrained. The authorities exerted themselves to the best of their ability, but with only partial success. Governor Hicks was present, and concurs in all my views as to the proceedings now necessary for our protection. When are these scenes to cease? Are we to have a war of sections ? God forbid! The bodies of the Massachusetts soldiers could not be sent out to Boston, as you requested, all communication between this city and Philadelphia by railroad, and with Boston by steamers, having ceased; but they have been placed in cemented coffins, and will be placed, with proper funeral ceremonies, in the mausoleum of Green Mount Cemetery, where they shall be retained until further directions are received from you. The wounded are tenderly cared for. I appreciate your offer, but Baltimore will claim it as her right to pay all expenses incurred.

"Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

" GEORGE M. Brown, Mayor of Baltimore." To this the following reply was returned by the Governor:

" To His Honor George M. Brown, Mayor of Baltimore

"DEAR SIR,—I appreciate your kind attention to our wounded and our dead, and trust that at the earliest moment the remains of our fallen will return to us. I am overwhelmed with surprise that a peaceful march of American citizens over the highway to the defense of our common Capital should be deemed aggressive to Baltimoreans. Through New York the march was triumphal.

JOHN A. ANDREWS, Governor of Massachusetts."


A letter has been received by a gentleman in this city from a friend in Baltimore, of the highest respectability, giving a touching account of the inquest over the bodies of the two Massachusetts soldiers, killed on Friday last, and of their burial at Green Mount Cemetery. Their remains were followed to the grave by a number of respectable citizens, and the funeral services were solemnly performed by a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The writer declares that their death took place without the sanction

of either the city or the State authorities—that their slayers were not enemies but murderers.


All accounts from Baltimore represent the condition of affairs in that city as most fearful. Irresponsible mobs, calling themselves Vigilance Committees, exercise a severe espionage over persons entering or leaving the city, and those who incur their suspicion or displeasure are treated in the most harsh and summary manner. Numbers of the people are flying from their homes and seeking safety in the country. The bridges over the roads connecting with Baltimore have all been destroyed, and armed parties are assembled to prevent their repair or reconstruction. Travelers coming North have great difficulty in getting from the city, and on the slightest pretexts are detained and subjected to hardships and indignities.


New York has nobly responded to the call made for troops to assert and protect the honor of our national flag, and is fast drafting her military forces to the expected scene of strife. Eight regiments have already taken their departure from Washington, as follows:

Seventh regiment, Colonel Lefferts   1000 men.

Seventy-first regiment, Colonel Vosburgh   1000 "

Twelfth regiment, Colonel Butterfield,    950 "

Sixth regiment, Colonel Pinckney   850 "

Sixty-ninth regiment, Colonel Corcoran    1000 "

Eighth regiment, Colonel Lyons    1000 " Thirteenth regiment, Colonel Smith (Brooklyn) 700 " Twenty-eighth regt., Col. Bennett (Brooklyn) 800 "

It will thus be seen that 7300 troops have left the city—no small share of the quota which is expected from the State—and a much larger number is in readiness to leave on receipt of the necessary orders.


Since last Monday morning, Rhode Island has called and held a special session of the Legislature, appropriated half a million of dollars to fitting out troops, thrown 500 Rhode Island boys into Fort Monroe in Virginia, sent to Easton, Pennsylvania, a splendid battery of light artillery, which might now have been in Washington, had not it, march been countermanded by the War Department, and she now has a regiment 1200 strong, with her Governor at its head, far on the voyage to Washington!



April 18, 1861.

"The Hon. S Cameron, Secretary of War, Washington, D. C.

"Sir,-Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty-four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, the main gates destroyed by fire, the gorge wall seriously injured, the magazine surrounded by flames, and its door closed from the effects of the heat, four barrels and three cartridges of powder only being available, and no provisions but pork remaining, I accepted terms of evacuation offered by General Beauregard, being the same offered by him on the 11th instant, prior to the commencement of hostilities, and marched out of the fort Sunday afternoon, the 11th instant, with colors flying and drums beating, bringing away company and private property, and saluting my flag with fifty guns.

"ROBERT ANDERSON, Major First Artillery."


Hannibal Hamlin arrived in this city on 23d, from his residence in Maine. He has taken up his quarters at the Astor House, where he will remain for the present.

Mr. Evans, the editor of the Baltimore Patriot, has been driven from that city by the traitors, and arrived in Philadelphia. He declares he will return to the city if he can get a military escort.

Gen. Cass made a patriotic speech at Detroit, last week, urging the people to stand by the Union and the Government, and to rally to the defense of the National flag.

Cassius M. Clay, Minister to Russia, has offered his services to the Secretary of War, either to raise a regiment or to serve as a private soldier in the ranks. Mr. Cameron said to him, "Sir, this is the first instance in history that ever I heard of where a foreign Minister volunteered to to serve in the ranks." "Then," said Clay, " let's make a little history." A company of 100 volunteers was speedily raised and put under Clay's command.

Gen. Henry Wilson, U. S. Senator from Massachusetts, passed through our city last week on his way to Washington. He goes as a private in the Worcester regiment.

It is stated in the Evening Post that Hon. Gideon J. Tucker, Ex-Secretary of State, has become editor and part proprietor of the Daily News of this city. Mr. Seaver, the late editor, is a stanch Union man.



IN reply to an interpolation in the Chamber on the Roman question, Count Caveat said the Italian Government could only employ moral means, and can not act against Rome as a conqueror. He admitted that the solution of the Neapolitan difficulty was bound up in the Roman question, and hoped the antagonism of the Church would soon cease. He said the Government would energetically suppress tiny disturbances in Naples, and the most efficacious means would be taken for the solution of the Roman question. The Chamber finally adopted the following, almost unanimously:

"The Chamber, having confidence in the Government, and acknowledging the necessity for the union of Rome to Italy, in accomplishing which, however, the grandeur and independence of the Church and the Pope will be guaranteed, passes to the order of the day."

Count Cavour, in reply to a question, denied the rumors of an intended cession of the Island of Sardinia to France.

Arrests continue to be made in Naples of parties implicated in the recently-discovered conspiracy, and a searching investigation was progressing.

Reactionary attempts had been suppressed at numerous places.



A well-known correspondent of the Times points out the temptation to immediate hostilities. He says it is ruinous to Austria to wait until the Italian Kingdom is consolidated. A bold attack with two hundred thousand men would soon bring the Austrians to Milan and Turin. A pretext must be found, otherwise the French would again cross the Alps. This is the pretext: Austrian agents all over Lombardy are buying up the conges of Garibaldians, the price being about £12 each. Once a sufficient number of these conges bought up, a corresponding number of men can be easily put in red shirts, and be made to attack. Thus Austria will have a right to retaliate, and the Austrian Army will re-enter Italy.


The Journal St. Petersburg gives the following version of the renewed disturbance at Warsaw: Great crowds of people having assembled before the castle, were dispersed by force; the conflict was renewed several times. Ten persons were killed and as many wounded. Five soldiers were killed, and forty-five persons were arrested. Other accounts say the number of victims was larger even than stated in original telegram. Renewal of disturbances expected. The troops at Warsaw number 22,000 men.


The Globe of April 20 has a long article on the relations between England and the United States, advocating a sincere and firm alliance, forgetting all past differences, and says that the North has a just cause, that the permanent good-will of the American people is worth striving for, and that it hopes to see the rebellion put down and the traitors dealt with as they deserve.



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