Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) on over hot sand-ridges, up the
beach, across shell-banks and oyster-beds, regardless of the style of footing.
This conduct pleased the troops amazingly, and the column moved on slowly and
silently up the beach without arousing any one till they arrived within two
hundred yards of the fort, when a charge was ordered.
General Strong went up to the men
at the proper moment and said, "Fire low, and trust in God! Forward, the
Connecticut Seventh!" And away they went at a double-quick, with their General
at their head. The fort opened with three 8-inch howitzers, heavily charged with
grape and canister. Another and a third round plowed among them; but still the
survivors pressed on, passed the ditch, and stood on the parapet masters of the
For the gallantry of this charge
the following was added to the Commanding General's congratulatory order:
Special thanks are due to
Brigadier-General George C. Strong and his command for the heroic gallantry with
which they carried the enemy's batteries on Morris Island; this being the first
instance during the war in which powerful batteries have been assaulted
successfully by a column disembarked under a heavy artillery fire.
He was placed in command of the
troops on Morris Island, and given charge of the column which was to assault
Fort Wagner on the evening of 18th. The correspondents say that before the
attack General Strong addressed the troops in a few words of fire, which
inspirited them so that they felt "like tigers in the attack." The Herald
correspondent thus narrates the fearful struggle:
Strong's brigade marched in
column up past the right of our batteries, then deployed and advanced in line a
short distance, then deployed again and marched up the beach in close column.
Fort Sumter saw the movement, and pitched her shells over among the troops. When
the brigade, led by their gallant General, had got two-thirds the distance to
the fort the rebels in Fort Wagner came out in full strength. A thousand muskets
flashed almost together, and poured a deadly fire into our troops. The guns were
brought to bear on them, and grape and canister hailed down upon them. With a
shout they advanced, at a word from the General, on a double-quick,
unfalteringly, directly up into that terrible fire. Musketry rattled, Sumter's
shells burst all around them, bullets whistled, canister hummed, grape plowed
along the ground, the fort was lighted up almost constantly with the fire from
howitzers, rifles, and muskets—not in fitful flashes, but with steady, gleaming
sheets of flame. They never staggered —never wavered—did not stop for the many
who fell or listen to the moans of the wounded. They reached the ditch and
crossed it—some on planks, some rushing down in and toiling up, some seeking a
better entrance to the left, where the ditch was, however, filled with water. As
they were making the crossing howitzers in the bastions kept up a raking fire,
prostrating many bodies, but not deterring the mass. Over they went, and
clambered up the parapets; but the grape met them every where, sweeping the
ditch, the curtains outside, the parapets above; and the rebel infantry, seeing
all but unseen themselves, peppered them with bullets and gave no chance to
respond effectually. The majority of the troops struggled on manfully and
charged down over the parapet, driving all before them. There was certain danger
now in retreating, uncertain danger in staying or advancing. The rebels had been
driven from one corner over a traverse, and the Sixth Connecticut's colors were
planted on the parapet.
Just as the parapet was gained, a
shot struck General Strong in the thigh, and he fell. He was carried out of the
fight by his men, and sent to hospital. Thence transferred to a steamer he was
brought here; but the wound was more severe than his enfeebled constitution
could bear. On his arrival here he was attacked by lock-jaw, and died on 30th
In him the country has lost one
of her noblest and best soldiers.
LATE COLONEL SHAW.
WE publish on
page 525 a
portrait of the late COLONEL SHAW, who was killed at the head of his regiment,
the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers (colored), in the recent attack on
Robert G. Shaw was a son of
Francis G. Shaw, of Staten Island, and was twenty-seven years of age at the time
of his death. At the outbreak of the war he enlisted as a private in the Seventh
Regiment. On their return home he obtained a commission in the Massachusetts
Second, and took part in all the battles in which that fighting regiment was
engaged. Twice—at Cedar Mountain, and again at Antietam—he narrowly escaped a
severe wound. On the formation of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Colored
Regiment the Colonelcy was tendered to Captain Shaw by Governor Andrew; and the
universal report is that no finer regiment ever left the Bay State than the
thousand men whom he led to the war. Colonel Shaw took part in the first attack
on Morris Island, which secured us command of most of the Island. His subsequent
performance is so well described in the following letter from Mr. Edward L.
Pearce to Governor Andrew that we give it entire:
When the troops left St. Helena
they were separated, the Fifty-fourth going to James Island. While it was there,
General S. received a letter from Colonel Shaw, in which tile desire was
expressed for the transfer of the Fifty-fourth to General S.'s brigade. So when
the troops were brought away from James Island General S. took this regiment
into his command. It left James Island on Thursday, July 16, at 9 A.M., and
marched to Cole's Island, which they reached at 4 o'clock on Friday morning,
marching all night, most of the way in single file, over swampy and muddy
ground. There they remained during the day, with hard tack and coffee for their
fare, and this only what was left in their haversacks, not a regular ration.
From 11 o'clock of Friday evening
until 4 o'clock of Saturday they were being put on the transport, the General
Hunter, in a boat, which took about fifty at a time. There they breakfasted on
the same fare, and had no other food before entering into the assault on Fort
Wagner in the evening.
The General Hunter left Cole's
Island for Folly Island at 6 A.M., and the troops landed at Pawnee Landing about
9 1/2 A.M., and thence marched to the point opposite Morris Island, reaching
there about 2 o'clock in the afternoon. They were transported in a steamer
across the inlet, and at 4 P.M. began their march for Fort Wagner. They reached
Brigadier-General Strong's quarters, about midway on the island, about 6 or 6
1/2 o'clock. where they halted for five minutes. I saw them there, and they
looked worn and weary.
General Strong expressed a great
desire to give them food and stimulants, but it was too late, as they were to
lead the charge. They had been without tents during the pelting rains of
Thursday and Friday nights. General Strong had been impressed with the high
character of the regiment and its officers, and he wished to assign them the
post where the most severe work was to be done and the highest honor was to be
won. I had been his guest for some days, and knew how he regarded them. The
march across Folly and Morris islands was over a very sandy road, and was very
wearisome. The regiment went through the centre of the island, and not along the
beach, where the marching was easier.
When they had come within 600
yards of Fort Wagner they formed in line of battle, the Colonel heading the
and the Major the second
battalion. This was within musket-shot of the enemy. There was little firing
from the enemy, a solid shot falling between the battalions, and another falling
to the right, but no musketry. At this point the regiment, together with the
next supporting regiments, the Sixth Connecticut, Ninth Maine, and others
remained half an hour. The regiment was addressed by General Strong and Colonel
Shaw. Then at half past seven or three-quarters past seven o'clock the order for
the charge was given. The regiment advanced at quick time, changed to
double-quick when at some distance on.
The intervening distance between
the place where the line was formed and the fort was run over in a few minutes.
When within one or two hundred yards of the fort a terrific fire of grape and
musketry was poured upon them along the entire line, and with deadly results. It
tore the ranks to pieces and disconcerted some. They rallied again, went through
the ditch, in which was some three feet of water, and then up the parapet. They
raised the flag on the parapet, where it remained a few minutes. Here they
melted away before the enemy's fire, their bodies falling down the slope and
into the ditch. Others will give a more detailed and accurate account of what
occurred during the rest of the conflict.
Colonel Shaw reached the parapet,
leading his men, and was probably killed. Adjutant Jones saw him fall. Private
Thomas Burgess, of Company I, told me that he was close to Colonel Shaw; that he
waved his sword and cried out, "Onward, boys!" and, as he did so, fell. Burgess
fell, wounded, at the same time. In a minute or two, as he rose to crawl away,
he tried to pull Colonel Shaw along, taking hold of his feet, which were near
his own head, but there appeared to be no life in him. There is a report,
however, that Colonel Shaw is wounded and a prisoner, and that it was so stated
to the officers who bore a flag of truce from us; but I can not find it well
authenticated. It is most likely that this noble youth has given his life to his
country and to mankind. Brigadier-General Strong (himself a kindred spirit) said
of him to-day in a message to his parents: "I had but little opportunity to be
with him, but I already loved him. No man ever went more gallantly into battle.
None knew him but to love him."
I parted with Colonel Shaw
between six and seven on Saturday evening, as he rode forward to his regiment,
and he gave me the private letters and papers he had with him to be delivered to
I asked General Strong if he had
any testimony in relation to the regiment to be communicated to you. These are
his precise words, and I give them to you as I noted them at the time:
"The Fifty-fourth did well and
nobly, only the fall of Colonel Shaw prevented them from entering the fort. They
moved up as gallantly as any troops could, and with their enthusiasm they
deserved a better fate."
One who knew him well wrote of
him, most truthfully:
It was that rare quality that
commands at once the love and obedience of men that peculiarly fitted Colonel
Shaw for a commander. Of a most genial and kindly nature, of manners as gentle
as a woman's, of a native refinement that brooked nothing coarse, of a clear
moral insight that no evil association could tarnish, of a strength of purpose
aiming always at noble ends, of a courage quiet but cheerful and unwavering, he
was one of those characters which attracts, and at the same time moulds all
others brought under their influence. Even this was observed of him when only a
second lieutenant in the Second Massachusetts; how much more has it been shown
in the Fifty-fourth! This country has lost in him one of its best soldiers, and
one of its most promising men.
Colonel Shaw was only about
twenty-seven years of age, and was married a few weeks before he joined the army
of the South.
GENERAL QUINCY A. GILMORE.
WE publish on
page 525 a
portrait of GENERAL GILMORE, the commander of our army near Charleston, from a
photograph by Lieutenant Haas.
General Gilmore was born in Ohio,
about thirty-six years ago. He entered the Military Academy at West Point in
1845, and graduated in 1849, at the head of a class of 43 members. He was
appointed to the Engineers, and was promoted to a First Lieutenancy in 1856, and
to a Captaincy in 1861. From 1849 to 1852 he was engaged on the fortifications
at Hampton Roads; from 1852 to 1856 he was instructor of Practical Military
Engineering at West Point, and during this time he designed the new Riding
School on the crest of the Hill. He served from 1856 to 1861 as Purchasing Agent
for the department in New York, and made many friends here. In 1861 he was
assigned to the staff of General Sherman, and accompanied him to Port Royal.
General Sherman appointed him Brigadier-General of Volunteers—a rank which the
President made haste to confirm. General Gilmore had entire charge of the siege
operations against Fort Pulaski, and it is to his skill that the success of the
bombardment is due. It was very truly said of him: "The result of the efforts to
breach a fort of such strength and at such a distance confers high honor on the
engineering skill and self-reliant capacity of General Gilmore. Failure in an
attempt made in opposition to the opinion of the ablest engineers in the army
would have destroyed him. Success, which in this case is wholly attributable to
his talent, energy, and independence, deserves a corresponding reward."
That reward be won. On the
failure of Admiral Du Pont's first naval attack on Charleston he was superseded
by Admiral Dahlgren, and General Hunter by General Gilmore. The latter at once
commenced his attack on Charleston, proceeding to land on Morris Island and
advance on Fort Wagner with his customary energy and caution. How well he has
succeeded our news is there to tell. He believes that he will take Charleston,
and those who know him best are satisfied that he will not be disappointed.
THE CAPTURE OF JACKSON,
WE publish on
page 524 an
illustration of our works before Jackson, Mississippi, with the rebel works in
the back-ground, from a sketch by Captain Achenbach of the Ninety-seventh
Illinois Volunteers. As every one knows the place was evacuated within
forty-eight hours after our picture was taken. The Herald correspondent thus
describes the appearance of the place after we entered:
It would beggar description to
attempt to portray the appearance of Jackson after the rebels retreated.
Destruction was visible on all hands. Our own army, on its first visit to
Jackson, destroyed much valuable property; and, to complete the catalogue, the
rebels burned up fifty or sixty buildings on the street fronting the Capital, on
the ground of military necessity, to accomplish the destruction of large
quantities of army stores which they were not able to transport in their
retreat. The day was
sultry, scarcely a current of
fresh air being felt, and the smoke from the ruins of the fires coursed along
through the principal streets, making a trip through the city decidedly
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
APPALLING AND MYSTERIOUS.—A
gentleman (?) and his wife took lodgings some time since in a street not far
from Broadway. One morning the gentleman went out, apparently alone, and did not
return. On subsequently searching the room, the landlady was horrified on
discovering that her lodger had taken his better-half with him, and left his
quarters. Surgical aid was called in, but too late to be of any assistance.
ART MANUFACTURES.—The other day a
gentleman holding an official position gave a rising young modeler his
countenance. The ungrateful youth has since made use of the mug for drinking
EDUCATION—It is the part of a
virtuous government to give good instruction to vice. In the great metropolis we
are often taught a moral lesson by the sight of a young thief being brought up
by a policeman.
SAUCE FROM A GANDER.—A foolish
friend of ours declares that the discovery of the source of the Nile would in
the Dark Ages have been called an act of source-ry.
A COOL THING FOR THE WARM
WEATHER.—Running into the Bank and inquiring if they can oblige you with change
for five cents.
SONGS OF THE HOUSEHOLD.—THE MAT.
Be good enough to wipe your
shoes, I'll thank you, for it's wrong
To splash those marks injurious
which arise, Remember where the mat is placed, the prejudice is strong
In favor of the friction it
Rub then, scrub then,
Your boots, nor at your club
Imagine you can take your mud up
stairs before our eyes.
So be good enough, etc.
THE PREVIOUS QUESTION.—Has she
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Wakeimup.—Of course; he was a
very rude man, indeed, to pass a sleepless night without even nodding.
Molly Cuddle.—Standing on your
head in a pail of boiling water may be comforting, but is hardly to be
recommended except in extreme cases.
Pops wants to know if, when
distance lent enchantment to the view, the loan was ever returned? We hardly
think so; most probably it was left a loan.
NOVEL DISEASE.—The gentleman who
caught a train is recovering.
In what case is it absolutely
impossible to be slow and sure?—In the case of a watch.
At a hotel table one day, one
boarder remarked to his neighbor, "This must be a healthy place for chickens."
"Why so?" asked the other. "Because I never see any dead ones hereabouts."
A man, not long since, committed
suicide by drowning. As the body could not be found, the coroner held an inquest
on his hat and bottle, found on the bank of the river. Verdict, "Found empty."
The proprietor of a bone mill
advertises that those sending their own bones to be ground will be attended to
with punctuality and dispatch.
Jones complained of a bad smell
about the post-office, and asked Brown what it could be? Brown didn't know, but
suggested that it might be caused by "the dead letters."
What is drinking?—Suicide of the
"After you," as the tea-kettle
said to the dog's tail.
"More work and less noise," as
the lady's watch said when it beat St. Paul's.
A secretary being asked by an
intimate friend why he did not promote merit, aptly replied, "Because merit did
not promote me."
pleasant to give but unpleasant to take.
PRIDE.—The mist that vapors round
insignificance. "By your leaves, gentlemen," as the winds said to the trees in
Why would tying a slow horse to a
post improve his pace?—Because it would be a way to make him fast.
"I never did see such a wind and
such a storm," said a man in a coffee-room. "And pray, Sir," inquired a would-be
wit, "since you saw the wind and the storm, what might their color be?" "The
wind blew and the storm rose," was the ready rejoinder.
"Little boys should be seen and
not heard." That's what a little fellow told his teacher when the could't say
Dr. Witfield's Vegetable Pills
are a CERTAIN CURE for Blind and Bleeding Piles. The worst cases yield after one
or two boxes. No surgical operation nor external application should be resorted
to; such treatment only aggravates the disease. Testimonials from ladies and
gentlemen of the highest respectability can be seen at the Office. Price 50
cents per box. Sent by mail to any part of the country. Sold at all the
druggists, and by the proprietor,
J. YOUNG, 481 Broadway, N. Y.
French (Soltaire) Patterns.
These fashionable goods are made
of the finest Ivory, and brought to a high polish of all colors, Black, White,
Red, Blue, &c., and engraved with Initial Letters, Old English, &c. Complete
sets $1.50, free by mail. Trade supplied.
JOHN F. PHELPS, 429 Broadway,
Sight and Hearing.—Dr. Von
Moschzisker, the only legitimate European OCULIST and AURIST in the country, has
his OFFICE 1027 WALNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA, where he can be consulted on DEAFNESS
and all maladies of the EYE and EAR.
Gas Stoves for Cooking and
Eagle Gas Stoves.
Patented July 1st, 1862.
These Stoves contain the latest
improvements. No Dirt, Smoke, or Ashes,
Will do COOKING or HEATING
CHEAPER than COAL Or WOOD.
Every Stove is Warranted.
Depot 474 Broadway, N. Y.
H. D. BLAKE, Sole Manufacturer.
$1 WATCHES $1
The only chance offered to get
good jewelry for One Dollar, and get what you want. Send 20 cents for blank
certificate and catalogue, giving the name of every article, and make your own
H. BLISS & CO., 82 & 84 Nassau
Street, N. Y.
A RICH NUMBER.
The Phrenological Journal for
August, now ready, contains: George Gordon Meade, Phrenological Character and
Biography; Estimates of Character; The Law of Development; The Unity of Man; The
American Man; Physiognomy—Noses; Phrenology and the Poets; Something about
Lions; Republican Manners; The Secret of Longevity; Admiral Foote, Phrenological
Character and Biography; Piety and Physiology; The Circulation of the Blood;
Shall we Flog our Children? Negro Peculiarities; Position when Sleeping;
Stammering; Clergymen's Sons, &c.; National Types—No. 1; Climate and Character;
To the Princess Alexandra; The Question of Crinoline; A Ballad for the Times;
Swimming; The City—15 cents, or $1.50 a year. FOWLER & WELLS, No. 308 Broadway.
For Quartermasters & Commissaries
Containing Instructions in the
preparations of vouchers, abstracts, returns, &c., embracing all the recent
changes in the army regulations, together with instructions respecting taxation
of salaries, &c. By CAPT. R. F. HUNTER, U. S. A. 12mo, price $1. Copies sent
free by mail on receipt of price. Just published by D. VAN NOSTRAND, No. 192
Broadway, N. Y.
BARTLETT supplies the NEEDLES for
all SEWING MACHINES. Sends by Mail or Express everywhere. Also the renowned
BURNISHED HAND NEEDLES, 150 for 25 cents all sizes. 442 Broadway, N. Y.
Family Sewing Machines, $5 to
The acknowledged simplest
practical Machines ever produced. Novelty Machine Co, 442 Broadway, N. Y.
$15 Per Day Easy $15
And a Watch Free.
Employment for everybody, male
and female. 100,000 men, women, and children wanted to act as our Agents in
every Town and Village throughout the U. S. to sell our immensely popular,
unexcelled, and valuable extra large size PRIZE STATIONERY, RECIPES, and YANKEE
NOTION PACKAGES, containing fine Writing Materials, such as Paper, Pens,
Pencils, Envelopes, Blotters, Beautiful Emblems, Ladies' Fashion Plates, Designs
for Needlework, Cottage Keepsakes, Household Companions, Camp Companions (for
Soldiers), Parlor Amusements, Letter Writer's Guide, Medical Preparations, Many
Ways to Get Rich, Likenesses of Military Heroes, Union Designs, Gents' Pocket
Calendars for 1863, YANKEE NOTIONS of all kinds, rich and costly Presents of
Fashionable Jewelry, Rare Recipes, Games, Army Advice, &c., &c., &c., the whole
worth, if bought separately, many dollars. Price each Package ONLY 25 cents
retail. Wholesale rates to Agents very low, from 100 TO 200 PER CENT PROFIT
ALLOWED, Our Packages stand same as ever, alone, and above all competitors, and
have long been acknowledged as the leading and only real valuable and standard
Articles of the kind now manufactured. Packages of all descriptions put up by
the 1000 for Sutlers, Peddlers, Wholesale Dealers, &c. Goods sent by Express
safe to ALL PARTS of the army South or Southwest. A SPLENDID SOLID SILVER WATCH,
ENGLISH MOVEMENTS, and correct timepiece presented FREE to each person who acts
as our agent. Send for our NEW Circulars, containing Extra Premium Inducements,
sent free. S. C. RICKARDS & CO., 102 Nassau St., N. Y. The Great Original,
Largest, and Oldest Prize Package House in the World.
We assert it boldly.—There are no
other Medicines so reliable, effectual, and convenient as HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND
OINTMENT, always ready for use. They are invaluable to the Soldier exposed to
Wounds, Sores, Fevers, and Bowel Complaints. They never fail. Only 25 cents per
box or pot.
$2 positively made from 20
Cents.—Something urgently needed by every person. 10 samples sent free by mail
for 20 cents that retails for $2, by
R. L. WOLCOTT, 170 Chatham
Square, N. Y.
Printing-Presses for Sale.
One Taylor Drum Cylinder, four
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $1750.
One Taylor Double Cylinder, five
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $3500.
Apply to HARPER & BROTHERS, 329
Pearl St., N.Y.
A PRINTING OFFICE FOR $12.
Every Man his own Printer.
THE LOWE IMPROVED PRINTING
PRESSES are the best and cheapest portable Card and Job Presses ever invented,
and have been awarded Silver Medals and Diplomas. Merchants, Druggists, and
others, are saving or MAKING MONEY by using them. Cards, Bill-Heads, Circulars,
Labels, &c., can be printed at a trifling expense. Price of Presses: $7, 12, 18,
and $25. Price of an Office, with Press, $12, 22, 32, and $43. Send for a
Circular to the
LOWE PRESS CO., 13 Water Street,
DOLLAR POCKET STEREOSCOPES.—The
most charming Invention for adding interest to Portrait-Cards. Stereoscopic
Views and Photographic Albums, 831 Broadway, and Bookstores, Photographers, &c.
New Maps of Charleston Harbor, S.
C., Port Hudson, and Vicksburg, showing all of the Fortifications, Batteries,
&c. Size 20x30, price only 10 cents. Agents wanted everywhere. G. W. TOMLINSON,
Publisher, 221 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.
For sale by the ADAMS PRESS CO.,
31 Park Row, New York. Circulars sent free. Specimen Sheets of Type, Cuts, &c.,