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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) answer must be made. After due delay, if the Government should
find that the natural suspicion of foul play is correct, then if its retaliation
is not swift, sure, and deadly, if the rebels are not taught, as by fire that
every man who fights beneath the national flag is equally protected by the
people whose sovereignty that flag symbolizes, we are simply unworthy of
VOICE OF THE CHARMER.
THE incessant rebuffs which the
rebels administer to their allies at the North do not disconcert that amiable
body. The truth is that they are used to it. In the good old days when the
present Southern traitors ruled the Government they snubbed imperiously their
followers from the free States, and now that they are trying to ruin it, by the
mere force of habit they kick contemptuously their henchmen of the North.
Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire
— a name which is even wore infamous in our history than that of James Buchanan,
a man who was selected by the present traitors before the consummation of their
treason, as the most servile of all their tools in the free States, and
therefore the most serviceable, and who steadfastly did their dirtiest work
without making a single wry face as Buchanan did—desecrated the late Fourth of
July by making a speech in which he abused the Administration and all loyal
citizens, excused and justified the rebellion, and threatened a
counter-revolution. Of course he said that his heart's desire was Union with the
dominance of slavery, and talked of reconstruction by pacific methods.
But his quondam masters are
appalled at the impudence of their Helot. "What! when we have declared our will
to secede and form an independent government, and, in general, to have our own
way as usual, do you pretend to contest our decision and talk of reunion and
reconstruction? Know your place, fellow! Didn't we tell Vallandigham that we
would trade with him, holding our noses? Well, we tell you that we would sooner
be chained to a corpse than again enter the Union with you and the rest of the
rubbish that we used as long as we found it serviceable, but which we always as
heartily despised as we do at this moment. Crawl out of our sight, and let us
hear no more Union canting from you!"
But the patient crew take the
snubbing and the sneering philosophically. They believe that by-and-by even
rebels will make the best terms they can. They can not persuade themselves that
the rebellion is other than a political trick. "Come back, brethren," they cry,
"and have your way as you always did, and always shall, and always ought to.
Come back, and see in what a still fouler slime of obsequiousness we can wallow.
Just try us. And we will wait until you are ready, as is our duty."
The door mat cries to the
passenger to come in out of the mud. But he pushes on unheeding. The faithful
mat does not despair. When the mud is deeper, it says to itself, he will be
obliged to come in, and then he will wipe his boots on me, and I shall be happy.
PLAIN ANSWER TO A PLAIN QUESTION.
AFTER maligning the
Administration and sneering at every measure adopted to suppress the
rebellion—after declaring that
Mr. Lincoln is as much a traitor to his country
and the Constitution as Jeff Davis—after doing their utmost to destroy public
confidence in the honest and patriotic conduct of the war—after espousing with
fierce ardor the cause of every rebel sympathizer and abettor in the North—after
declaring that there is more respect for personal rights under the sway of the
rebellion than under the Government of the United States—after denouncing the
war as wicked and fratricidal, and frankly declaring that they are striving to
restore a party, assuming to be the
Democratic party, to power—after doing all that
Davis himself would have done, and exactly in the way that he would direct, the
Copperheads turn upon loyal citizens of the United States and with an air of
injured dignity demand to know whether there is any question about their
None at all. No man at the North
or South has any doubt upon the subject. "Virtue, Sir," cried a woman of the
town to a gentleman who had made some remarks in her hearing, "do you mean to
insinuate that there is the least doubt of my virtue?"
"Not the least, Madame," was his
WITHIN AND WITHOUT.
BY way of exposing the grinding
and hopeless nature of the "Lincoln Despotism" our Copperhead friends are fond
of extolling the superior freedom of the rebel society. It seems at first sight
a little strange that people who in profound peace never hesitated to destroy
every vestige of the Constitutional right of free speech should in time of
desperate war absolutely secure it. It is also singular, at the first blush,
that a community in which street fights and amateur assassinations were familiar
in quiet times should during war be so composed as to challenge the admiration
of the victims of the "Despotism at
The amusing absurdity of this
effort to help Jeff Davis and the gentry who have combined against this
Government, is exposed by the book of Colonel Estvan, an ex-officer of the rebel
army. "A fearful state of things now grew up in Richmond," he says.
"Assassination and murder were the order of the day." "An imprudent word heard
by one of the secret police agents, who were always spying about to get men into
their clutches, was sufficient to bring the speaker before the Provost Marshal
and from thence to prison." "Many an honest citizen in this fearful time offered
up a heart-felt prayer to Heaven, 'Preserve me, O Lord, from my friends, for I
have no fear of the enemy.' "
Colonel Estvan, a rebel officer,
had the advantage of seeing things as they were, and he tells us
how they were. Copperhead friends
merely tell us not what is true, but what they would like to have us believe, in
order that the rebellion may seem less tyrannical and revolting than it is.
TO DO IT.
THE key of the present political
situation is the fear of certain partisan leaders lest the Union should not be
restored until slavery is practically abolished. They are therefore for dulcet
words and velvet measures, in order that the rebels may lay down their arms in a
gush of fraternal emotion, and that they may count upon the united vote of the
rebel States for them and their measures. Shorn of their Southern alliance, and
deserted by the patriotic in their Northern ranks, how could these leaders hope
to succeed before the people? They insist, therefore, for it is their only
salvation, that the President shall invite the rebel States to return to their
duty; and they further insist that the Government, in other words, the loyal
people of the United States, can offer no terms other than the Constitution and
the laws. We have recently seen this statement, almost in the same words, in
several papers which are very anxious that the Union shall be saved, provided
that slavery is saved also.
They may be very tranquil. The
Government of the United States will offer the Constitution and all laws made in
pursuance of it to every rebel in the land. And the rebel and the rebel's
friends should endeavor to remember that as the war was constitutionally waged
to subdue rebellion, so every measure which the exigency of war demanded was not
less constitutional, the Government being constitutionally and of necessity the
judge of the exigency, and that, in the course of the war and under the
Constitution, slavery has been abolished in most of the States. The Constitution
and the laws in pursuance of it, which are offered to the rebels, therefore,
include the act of emancipation as much as they include the three-fifths
representation or the revenue law.
Thus when the friends of the
rebels say that nothing can be offered as terms but the Constitution, they are
correct if they remember two things—first, that all acts in pursuance of the
Constitution are part of the supreme law, to be reversed only as all laws are;
and, secondly, that the loyal people of the United States, owning the whole
territorial domain of the country, will secure their future peace and the safety
of their Government by such measures as they choose. The Government which they
will not have allowed a fierce rebellion to overthrow they are not very likely
to suffer a political juggle to undermine. General Pemberton and his thirty
thousand men late of Vicksburg, and General Gardner and six thousand, late of
Port Hudson, for instance, are not very likely to be admitted by a nation in its
senses to an equal vote with loyal citizens until those gentlemen have given
some proof that they are not as much the enemies of the Government to-day as
they were yesterday.
The value of a mere oath they
have already taught us.
Lee was a cavalry Colonel in our service;
Sidney Johnston was also a Colonel. If any honorable
obligation could bind them, it might be supposed that the flag of their country
was its symbol. We have been appallingly undeceived. Could there be any more
stringent oath than that of Davis,
Slidell, and Mason, sworn legislators, Heaven
save the mark! of this country? Have they not taught us the value of that oath?
Would Floyd's promise to-morrow to be a faithful citizen be more sacred than his
oath before God to the Government six years ago? Judicious Copperheads will see
that Toombs has given us no reason to suppose that he will be a good boy because
he says so. He may insist that he loves his
Uncle Samuel very much. But, under
the circumstances, his uncle is too sensible a man not to ask, as when the
preacher asks how many dollars we pity the poor, "Robert, how much do you love
THE rebels on Morris Island
complain that they had to fight
colored soldiers. These
whippers of women and
breeders of babies for market, who call themselves "gentlemen," think themselves
dishonored by fighting with honest men who earn their own living and who do not
sell their children. Of course the Government of the United States will not
hesitate to recall all its colored soldiers. Of course it is strictly
unconstitutional to shoot rebels with rifles held by any other than lily-white
hands. Of course "Conservatism" will have to move in the matter, and protest
that our erring brethren, the "gentlemen" of South Carolina or of Texas and
Arkansas, shall not be so sadly annoyed. An ounce of civet, good apothecary!
These preux chevaliers do not find it distasteful to beget mulatto children, but
to be exposed to a musket in the hands of a colored man, 'tis positively
shocking to their delicate nerves.
WE have before mentioned this
noble story while it was serially appearing in Harper's Magazine. It is now
issued in a volume, and every reader of "Adam Bede" and "The Mill on the Floss"
will be surprised by the new power developed by the author. To call "Romola" the
finest historical novel yet written may seem a rather vague and general praise;
but the reason why we should hesitate to do so is not that we have any doubt of
it, but that to praise it merely as a historical novel seems to undervalue its
remarkable creative power. Tito Melema and Romola, the hero and heroine, are
drawn with so subtle and earnest a hand, and the coloring of the whole book is
so gorgeous and sombre, that it is a spell from which the imagination is not
easily released. Every page is a witness of the faithful study and careful
thought with which the work has been prepared; and the claims of Miss Evans to
the first rank among English novelists are now established beyond question.
AND NAVY ITEMS.
THE following Major-Generals are
1. Major-General GEORGE B.
2. Major-General JOHN C.
3. Major-General BENJAMIN F.
4. Major-General JOSEPH
5. Major-General DAVID HUNTER.
6. Major-General DON CARLOS
JOHN A. McCLERNAND.
10. Major-General GEORGE W.
11. Major-General R. H.
The Rev. Colonel THOMAS WENTWORTH
HIGGINSON, of Worcester, the pioneer commander of a negro regiment in this war,
reached that city on a brief
furlough on 20th ult.
A picnic and ball were given on
Saturday last by Colonel SIR PERCY WYDHAM and staff, at the cavalry
head-quarters at Washington. Invitations were accepted by most of the prominent
officials, civil and military. It was an elegant entertainment.
The United States gun-boat
Mahaska left this port on 31st ult. for the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
She is commanded by Captain CRAYTON, U. S. N.
Brigadier-General DUFFIE has been
assigned to the Department of the West. He will at once proceed to Ohio, and
take command of all the cavalry in that Department. Captain E. O. BURLING, of
Brooklyn, and Captain R. E. HADDEN, of Ohio, accompany him—the former as
Assistant Adjutant-General, and the latter as Aid-de-Camp.
Captain DAHLGREN, formerly of
General HOOKER'S Staff, who was wounded at Hagerstown, has had his foot
amputated, and was on 30th ult. very low. He has since improved somewhat.
General HOOKER was making calls
in Washington on 30th ult. He is said to be about to take a command.
General STONEMAN will be Chief of
the Cavalry Bureau about to be organized in the War Department. His appointment
insures thorough organization and the future efficiency of the cavalry service.
Brigadier-General GRIFFIN, who
has commanded the First Division of the Fifth Army Corps for several months
past, has resigned for some cause not stated. As Captain of the battery which
bears his name, General GRIFFIN did excellent service in the first battle of
Bull Run, but he was not appointed Brigadier-General until just before the
battle of Mechanicsville, on the Peninsula. He assumed the command which he has
just resigned a short time before the first battle of Fredericksburg.
Adjutant-General L. THOMAS has
been relieved from duty on the Army-Retiring Board in New York, and
Inspector-General D. B. SACKETT detailed in his stead.
Commander HENRY A. WISE has been
appointed by the President Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance in the Navy
Department ad interim.
Adjutant-General Thomas has left
for the West, to organize more negro regiments. He will proceed directly to
Memphis, and from that point to New Orleans, organizing regiments all along the
River. He will be gone three or four mouths, and has the same full powers as
before. Mr. J. A. WARE, late editor of the Chronicle, accompanies him as Private
In the list of dismissals from
the military service for the week ending Saturday last, as officially announced,
are the following:
Major GRANVILLE O. HALLER,
Seventh United States infantry, for disloyal conduct and the utterance of
Captain H. P. MURRELL, Eleventh
New York heavy artillery, for repeated utterances of treasonable and disloyal
Captain WILLIAM H. BURKE,
Nineteenth Ohio Volunteers, for treasonable language and disloyalty.
Lieutenant M. B. DE SILVA,
Sixteenth Ohio Volunteers, for writing and publishing a highly disloyal and
Captain GEORGE F. EMMONS has been
detached from the command of the Monongahela and ordered as fleet captain of the
South Atlantic blockading squadron.
Commander J. H. STRONG has been
ordered to the command of the Monongahela.
The iron-clad Onondaga was
launched from ROWLAND'S ship-yard, Greenpoint, on Wednesday morning. A large
number of ladies and gentlemen were present to witness the ceremony. In the
displacement of the blocks JAMES CONWELL and WM. HOGAN were jammed between the
ways and seriously injured; two other workmen were slightly injured. Excepting
these accidents the launch was all that could be desired.
Lieutenant-Colonel FRANCIS O.
WYSE, Fourth United States Artillery, has resigned, and his resignation has been
Lieutenant-Colonel JAMES A.
HARDIE has been appointed Assistant Adjutant-General, in place of
Brigadier-General Canby, ordered to New York.
The United States gun-boat
Memphis sailed front Hampton Roads on the 29th, for Charleston.
The United States steam-sloop
Ossipee captured on the 20th of July the James Battle and Wm. Bagley, loaded
with cotton, blockade-runners, from Mobile. The United States steamer Sciota,
off the coast of Texas, on the 7th ult. chased two small vessels, both of which
ran ashore and were burned by our men, there being no means of saving them.
Their cargoes consisted of cotton.
It is understood that the
Court-martial of which Major-General HITCHCOOK was President, in the case of
HAZELL B. CASHELL, charged with furnishing information to the enemy, returned a
verdict of "Not Guilty." As the finding of the court was not considered to be in
accordance with the testimony and facts, the War Department issued an order
dissolving the court and severely censuring its members.
A grand artillery review of the
different batteries stationed at Camp Barry, under command of Lieut.-Colonel
MONROE, took place last week, on the parade-ground north of the Capitol.
Generals HEINTZELMAN and BARRY, Chief of Artillery, with their staffs, were
present. Every thing passed off satisfactorily, with the exception of an
accident by which two men were thrown off a caisson and seriously injured.
Captain FRANK A. GUTHRIE, Co. E,
Third Pennsylvania, has been cashiered for cowardice.
A large concourse of citizens and
soldiers on Saturday united in paying the last tribute of respect to the remains
of the late Brigadier-General GEORGE C. STRONG, who died from wounds received in
the assault upon Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, on the 18th ult. The funeral
took place from St. Paul's Methodist Church, Fourth Avenue, the Rev. Dr. DURBIN
delivering an eloquent address upon the life and character of the deceased. A
large procession followed the body to Greenwood Cemetery, where the remains of
the gallant soldier were interred with military honors.
Lieutenant ROBERT STUART, Second
New York cavalry, was accidentally drowned on 30th ult., while officer of the
day of the Second cavalry brigade, of General GREGG'S division. He was a very
fine officer, and much beloved by all his brother officers. He was from Roslyn,
Long Island, and a brother of Hon. DAVID STUART, of Illinois, formerly a member
of Congress from Michigan and now a Colonel commanding a brigade with General
GRANT. Captain DOWNING, of his company, left on 31st with his body, which was
embalmed by BROWN & ALEXANDER, of Washington, and forwarded to New York. He will
be buried in Detroit.
Captain H. A. WISE, Chief of the
Ordnance Bureau, Navy Department, has left Washington for the North, to procure
guns and ammunition to complete the siege of Charleston.
THEODORE E. ALLEN, of
Philadelphia, has been appointed Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, with the
rank of Captain, and assigned to duty at
General MEADE'S head-
quarters. His predecessor,
Captain COXE, is made Assistant Chief Commissary of the Army of the Potomac,
with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.
The official report of
GRANT'S operations at Vicksburg reached Washington last week. It is said to be
one of the most interesting reports ever made to the head-quarters of the army.
Lieutenant MOREAU FORREST, United
States Navy, has been detached from the Paul Jones, and appointed by Admiral
DAHLGREN Flag-Lieutenant of the South Atlantic blockading squadron.
Acting-Master JOHN O. ORMOND has
been dismissed from the navy.
Lieutenants NOLAN and WILSON, the
former of the Sixth and the latter of the Fifth United States cavalry, were
wounded in General BUFORD'S fight at Culpepper on Saturday.
AFFAIRS AT CHARLESTON.
RICHMOND papers have
dispatches to the 31st ult. Cumming's Point was bombarded on the 30th for about
five hours by the Ironsides and two Monitors. Batteries Gregg, Simpkins, Wagner,
Fort Sumter replied. Two men were killed and one wounded in Battery Gregg.
On the next morning at daylight the rebels began to bombard the Union works on
Morris Island; Fort Wagner kept up the fire until 2 o'clock. No report of
GENERAL GILMORE'S LOSSES.
General Gilmore reports his loss
in the action on Morris Island on the 101h, 11th, and 18th of July, at 635
killed and wounded. He estimates the missing at 350, making a total loss of 985.
CAMPAIGN IN THE SOUTHWEST.
Memphis dispatches of the 29th of
July state that General Joe Johnston's army is said to be on Pearl River, a few
miles west of Meridian, where fortifications are being erected.
will make the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, from Okolona on the north to Mobile on
the south, his line of defense. He is said to have received large reinforcements
from Bragg's army. Mississippi is virtually abandoned by the rebels. The removal
of the slaves from Mississippi to Alabama and Georgia has been carried to such
an extent that the Governors of those States have issued proclamations
forbidding their further introduction, and General Johnston's pickets are said
to have turned a large number back. All is quiet at Port Hudson and
The fortifications at the former place are being strengthened, and the
enlistment of negro troops is progressing rapidly.
FIGHT NEAR CULPEPPER.
A reconnoissance made by General
Buford with his cavalry command acres, the Rappahannock on Saturday, confirms
the report of the concentration of Lee's forces near Culpepper. Our men crossed
at the Railroad Station, and driving
Stuart's cavalry before them, advanced to
the vicinity of Culpepper, where a heavy rebel force was encountered. A fierce
fight ensued, which lasted until dark, when General Buford withdrew to a strong
position east of Brandy Station. The losses on both sides were considerable.
DISAFFECTION IN NORTH CAROLINA.
Disaffection with Davis and his
Confederacy in North Carolina is growing rapidly. The Raleigh Standard denounces
Davis as a repudiator in whom no confidence can be placed, and predicts the
failure of his attempt to set up a government. The Richmond Inquirer, edited by
that sweet specimen of an Irishman John Mitchell, clamors for the suppression of
the Raleigh paper and of the North Carolina Supreme Court. The latter defies the
Richmond power, and says that Governor Vance will stand by the Court and the
paper also, and meet force with force. The Standard denounces the would-be
niXXer-whipper Mitchell as an agent of Great Britain seeking to divide this
country. North Carolina has furnished 95,000 men for the rebel armies, of whom
40,000 have been killed and wounded. The Raleigh editor says the State should
send to Washington at once to learn what terms of reconciliation can be made.
The Government gives notice that
the law of retaliation is to be fully carried out. Every case of ill-treatment
of our officers or men, black or white, by the rebels, is to be retaliated in
kind—hanging for hanging, shooting for shooting, imprisonment for imprisonment.
If a black soldier is taken prisoner and sold into slavery, a rebel soldier will
be confined at hard labor in some prison, there to remain until the black
soldier shall be liberated.
KENTUCKY UNDER MARTIAL LAW.
General Burnside, having become
satisfied that one object of the rebel incursion into that State is to overawe
the Judges of Elections, and intimidate loyal voters—thus forcing the election
of disloyal candidates, at the election to take place to-day—has declared the
State under martial law. All military officers are commanded to aid the
constituted authorities of the State in the support of the laws and the purity
of suffrage, and the Election Judges will be held strictly responsible. The
election appears to have been a great Union victory.
DEATH OF YANCEY.
Richmond papers announce the
death of Wm. L. Yancey, one of the first and fiercest leaders of secession. He
was born in Columbia, South Carolina, in 1815, but made Alabama his home. In
1859 he urged the Legislature of Alabama to call a State Convention in case a
Republican President should be elected. In 1860 he was a member of the
Charleston Convention, and was among the earliest of the seceding delegates.
Then he went in for Breckinridge, and came even to New York, where he spoke in
favor of a coalition of all factions to beat Lincoln. In December he was a
leading spirit in the Alabama Convention and reported the ordinance of
secession. He was then sent as Commissioner of the Confederacy to Europe to
plead for help, but returned in February, 1862, safely running the blockade, and
took his seat as a Senator in the Confederate Congress.
THE NEUTRALITY LAW.
THE House of Commons has had
another important debate on the foreign Enlistment Act. Mr. Cobden implored the
Government to put a stop to the fitting out of privateers, as the American
Government would in due time demand an indemnification from England for every
vessel which these privateers had destroyed or would destroy. Mr. Layard and
Lord Palmerston defended the conduct of the English Government. Mr. Cobden did
not obtain permission to read a letter from Secretary Welles, who, in reply to a
statement of Mr. Laird's that he had received an offer in 1861 to build vessels
for the Federals, denied that directly or indirectly any application had been
made to Mr. Laird by his order, and that he had always declined the numerous
applications of English and other foreign ship-builders.
Great preparations are being made
for laying the Atlantic cable. Very advantageous conditions for manufacturing
the cable have been offered to the Company by Glass, Elliott, & Co., who show
the greatest confidence in the success of the enterprise.
A great irritation exists in
England, France, and Austria against Russia, in consequence of the last Russian
note, and the tone of the semi-official papers is very war-like. The
negotiations between the three Western Powers are very active.