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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) was separated, and married, at last, Louise Rasmussen, a pretty
ballet-dancer, who proved to be his most devoted and, as he insisted, most
valuable friend. Once, when he was coldly received in the Southern Danish
provinces, he said at a banquet that, although he was a king, he did not mean to
lose his privilege as a man to marry the woman he loved best. Such frankness
seldom hurts a king, and he is thought to have been the best monarch that
Denmark has had for a hundred years.
His death complicates European
politics. It makes the settlement of the Schleswig-Holstein question necessary.
The name will be recognized by all who remember the war of a dozen years ago,
which settled nothing; for it is precisely the same disputed point which is now
raised, whether Germany or Denmark shall govern the Duchy. The question is one
of those which Louis Napoleon's Congress might determine, if his Congress could
ever meet, or agree, or enforce its agreements. In any ease it is another
European trouble. We may relieve ourselves from all fear of foreign
interference. The European Powers will have their hands full at home. Our
struggle will be decided by American hands and heads upon American soil; and the
peace which Europe has not reached, after centuries of war, because it always
avoids a truly radical settlement, we shall establish upon immutable
ANTHONY TROLLOPE is now the most
popular of English novelists after Dickens, Thackeray, and Bulwer, although
doubtless he has much less ability than either. His works are the result of
sturdy British resolution and industry; and the secret of their charm is that of
the camera obscura—they are faithful pictures of the life around him. Average
human character in its various aspects of love-making, ambitious striving,
intrigue, well-meaning weakness, knavery, thriftiness, amiability, and good
sense, is the material upon which he works. There are no high lights of
imagination and passion in his pictures. There is nothing inspiring and haunting
in his effects. He is a careful observer, an unexaggerating delineator; and he
has such humor and sense and good heart that every thing he writes is graphic,
entertaining, and interesting. His last story, "Rachel Ray" (Harpers), is not
below the best he has written. In fact it is among the very best of recent
The very opposite to Mr. Trollope
is Miss Braddon, whose latest novel, "John Marchmont's Legacy," is also issued
by the Harpers. Miss Braddon has always a story to tell involving passion,
crime, and intrigue. In this novel she lets her readers off without a case of
bigamy or even murder, though there is enough of villainy of other sorts to make
up the plot of a good half dozen thrilling sensation stories. Tastes differ in
respect to novels as well as other things. Miss Braddon's novels are not to our
taste; but they are to that of an immense class of readers, who will pronounce
"John Marchmont's Legacy" quite equal to "Aurora Floyd."
"Peculiar" is the title of a
novel by Epes Sargent (Carleton). Its sale is already very large—a fact which
shows the interest it has excited. The story is emphatically a characteristic
tale of American life; for it lays bare with unsparing hand all the interior and
inevitable social horrors of the system which has plunged the country into war.
That is the object of the book. It is a blow for the good cause—a noble plea for
the most wretched of men and women. As a tale it is in some parts almost too
painful, too tragical. But it will remain to the incredulous horror of our
children, as a picture of actual life in America in the nineteenth century.
The Christmas books, if not very
many, are to be very beautiful. The Harpers announce their Illustrated Bible, a
noble gift; the "Poets of the Nineteenth Century," copiously and richly
illustrated, and a delightful book; with Lossing's "Field-Book of the
Revolution," one of the most interesting chronicles ever published.—Putnam
offers an illustrated small quarto of Irving's "Sketch Book." It is as fine
a volume as our publishing resources can produce, and the best of our artists
have contributed to it. The book itself is always as charming as a Christmas
carol, and brings the holidays with it; and although the copies of this issue
have been rapidly taken, the haunters of Christmas shops and all epicures in
books should at least look at it.—So likewise Ticknor's "Life of Prescott" the
historian (Ticknor & Fields) is as dainty a book as we have ever seen. It is in
every way a very handsome work, except that the old English small s is a
barbarism.—Scribner & Co. have a new edition of Dr. Holland's poem
"Bitter-Sweet," arranged in gorgeous holiday attire. Its typographical
apotheosis is a proof of its popularity.—Sheldon & Company's beautiful edition
of the Works of Charles Dickens is, we believe, nearly completed. The latest
volumes contain "Hard Times" and a collection at miscellaneous papers. In every
respect this is by far the most beautiful edition of Dickens published either in
America or England. The admirable illustrations by Darley are not among the
least of its attractions.
Among all the beautiful books,
old and new, which appear with the season, there is also promise of the speedy
publication, by Lippincott of Philadelphia, of the "History of Charles the
Bold," by John Foster Kirk, the amanuensis and reader of the historian Prescott.
We have carefully read a large part of the work in sheets, and feel very sure
that our impression will be confirmed by the publie, The subject is fortunate
for a writer who makes his first essay at this time and in this country, for it
is the story of the struggle between the King of France, Louis XI., and his
great Burgundian vassal,
for the establishment of the
French nation. It is the conflict between Feudalism and the modern spirit. Mr.
Kirk is obviously amply accomplished for his task. He is familiar not only with
the chronicles, published and unpublished, of the period, but with the general
literature which throws upon his work all the side-lights that illustrate and
interpret the times of which he writes. His style is remarkably simple, pure,
and concise. Entirely free from rhetoric, and, for a time, apparently too
subdued and level, it rises with occasion into picturesqueness and warmth. It is
flowing and limpid, and we own is more pleasing to us than that of Prescott,
which if clear, and polished, and careful, is neither nervous nor picturesque.
Mr. Kirk's work is quite sure to
take rank with our best histories, and to secure to him, in public recognition,
the worthy reward of his long and faithful labor.
We must mention in a line the
republication by Leypoldt, of Philadelphia (who publishes Mr. Leland's marvelous
translation of Heine's "Reise-Bilder," and more recently his "Book of Songs"),
of Matthew Arnold's masterly essay upon Henry Heine, one of the acutest and most
delicate criticisms of the time.
"Mr. Wind and Madame Rain,"
translated from the French of Paul de Musset, and quaintly illustrated by that
clever artist Charles Bennett, is one of the most thoroughly delightful
juveniles of the season. It has just that amount of half allegorizing, the
unraveling of which affords such special pleasure to the rising generation.
"The Life of Touissaint
L'Ouverture" (Redpath) is the biography of a man whose name has been vaguely
known through the century, whom Miss Martineau depicted in "The Hour and the
Man," and whom Mr. Phillips's historical lecture has drawn in imperishable
colors upon the memory of all his hearers. This is Touissaint's biography by Dr.
Beard, and his autobiography. At this time it is of the profoundest interest to
us all, for Touissaint was born a black African slave, and he died the victim of
the jealousy and falsity of Napoleon Bonaparte, after having drawn order and
peace out of "the horrors of St. Domingo." Whoever would know exactly what those
horrors were must read this book; and he will learn, as no well-informed student
longer doubts, that they sprang from the baseness and selfishness of the whites,
and not from the savage blood-thirstiness of the blacks. A more instructive and
tragical tale was never told. We commend it to every thoughtful American
ARMY AND NAVY ITEMS.
WASHINGTON gossip hints at the
General MEADE, and points to the appointment in his place of General
Lieutenant BAUER, of Company F,
of the Second Rhode Island
Cavalry, and Sergeant FISCHER, of the same company
and regiment, have been sentenced, the former to hard labor on
Ship Island, with
ball and chain, and the latter to imprisonment for six months, for plundering
from a planter while out on a scouting expedition.
Admiral SHUBRICK'S restoration to
health progresses favorably. He is now permitted to receive the visits of a few
Captain JEROME B. TAFT, formerly
of the Fifty-ninth New York Volunteers, was drowned on the 2d inst., while
skating on the Pecatonica River, Illinois, before the ice had acquired the
It is stated that
has captured, since his campaign in the West commenced, no less than four
hundred and seventy-two cannon and ninety thousand prisoners from the enemy.
Colonel TIPPIN, of the
Sixty-sixth Pennsylvania, Captain O'ROURKE, of the One Hundred and Sixty-fourth
New York, and Lieutenant J. D. COOPER, Second New Hampshire, having
satisfactorily defended themselves at the court of inquiry, have been restored
to their positions in the army.
Captain JAS. G. HUGHES, Second
New York State Militia (Eighty-second United States Volunteers), who was
discharged the service about the 22d day of August, 1863, was reinstated to his
command, by order of the President, at the instance of Judge-Advocate HOLT, on
the fourth of the present month, on account of meritorious services in the
field; and, further, as the record of the court-martial, before which Captain
HUGHES was arraigned and found guilty, did not sustain their verdict.
The statement that General FOREY
or the French Minister was furnished by the State Department with General
SCOTT'S military maps of Mexico, or other information preparatory to the French
invasion of that country, is erroneous. Neither General FOREY, nor the French
Minister, nor any other person ever asked for or received any such information.
Brigadier-General WILLIAM H.
MORRIS, whose brilliant charge on the enemy at Orange Grove has been reported,
manoeuvred his brigade according to his simplified "Field Tactics." The celerity
of this brigade's movements completely "surprised" the rebels.
Captain R. CHANDLER, formerly of
General KING'S Staff, has been appointed Assistant Adjutant-General at the
head-quarters of the defenses north of the Potomac.
Captain PERKINS, First
Connecticut Heavy Artillery, use been appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the
Nineteenth Regiment colored troops,
A correspondent with the Army of
the Potomac states that General THOMAS FRANCIS MEAGHER was captured during the
late engagement, and is now in the hands of the enemy. He was not on duty, but
was visiting the army in civilian's dress.
The rebel General PILLOW, with his
Staff, has left for
Montgomery, Alabama, whither he has transferred the
head-quarters of his bureau. Being cut off from Tennessee, he removed to
Montgomery to be nearer his field of operations.
Soon after Colonel THOMAS had
assumed the duties of Quarter-master-General, in the absence of General MEIGS,
it was reported that enormous frauds had been perpetrated in the delivery of
forage through Quarter-masters at Alexandria. The investigation, which was
immediately instituted, discovered that immense frauds had been practiced upon
the Government through the connivance of contractors Quarter-masters, excepting
to several hundred thousand dollars. Quarter-masters STODDARD and FERGUSON have
been sent to the Old Capitol Prison.
The Secretary of the Navy has
promoted Ensign BURKE, of the monitor Lehigh, to the grade of Acting Master in
the volunteer service, for distinguished gallantry under a severe fire of the
enemy from Fort Moultrie.
Major-General BUTLER has
appointed Major GEORGE W. COLE, Third New York cavalry, Cavalry Inspector in his
General BLUNT, whom QUANTRILL had
killed (in the rebel papers) several times during the month of October, was safe
and sound at Fort Smith, Ark., on the 2d of December.
The rebel Lieutenant-General POLK
and Staff were in Montgomery, November 15, on their way to their new field of
duty in Mississippi.
Major BYINGTON, of the Second
Michigan, has been heard from. His wounded leg has been amputated, and he is
doing well. The most singular part of his capture is that he fell into the hands
of a brother in the rebel ranks.
Rumors, generally credited, but
unconfirmed, are in circulation that General PLEASANTON has been appointed to
the command of the Army of the Potomac.
It is reported that General
SEDGWICK and WARREN were previously tendered the command, but that they declined
to accept the appointment.
The following Surgeons in the
volunteer service have been appointed: ROBERT FLETCHER, LINCOLN R. STONE, A. C.
VAN DUYN, WmuAm C. BENNET, E. P. MORONS, OTTIS M. HUMPHREY, and JAMES H.
For good service in piloting the
expedition in the attack and capture of the south side of Morris Island, the
Secretary of the Navy has promoted Acting Ensign WILLIAM KNAPP to the grade of
Acting Master in the volunteer service.
A pamphlet containing charges and
specifications preferred against Brigadier-General A. A. HUMPHREYS, formerly
commanding Third Division, Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, and now Chief of
Staff to General MEADE, by JACOB G. FRICK, Colonel of the One Hundred and
Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, has been distributed among the members of
the Senate. The charges were made Apra 14, 1863, and are, "uttering disloyal and
treasonable sentiments," "violation of fifth Article of War," "conduct
subversive of good order and military discipline, and tending to mutiny and
sedition," "tyrannical conduct, and conduct unbecoming an officer and a
gentleman," and "drunkenness." It is alleged that these charges were at the time
suppressed, and that copies were subsequently forwarded to the President,
General HALLECK, and Colonel HOLT, Judge-Advocate-General. The object now is to
As a specimen of the charges we
give the specification of the first charge:
In this—that he,
Brigadier-General A. A. HUMPHREYS, commanding, etc., did say, "By G—d! I wish
some one would ask the army to follow him (meaning Major-General
Washington, and hurl the whole d—d pack into the Potomac, and place General
McCLELLAN at the head of affairs. I believe the army would willingly go." This
at camp near
Warrenton, on or about the 10th day of November, A.D. 1862.
General DOUBLEDAY has been
appointed a member of a court-martial to try the cases of civilians accused of
Dr. SWALM, Medical Inspector of
the Sanitary Commission, left Washington last week for
Cumberland, and other points, to ascertain the wants of the hospitals in that
quarter, in connection with the commission.
Captain RUTHERFORD has been
appointed Chief Quarter-master of the depot at Alexandria, vice Captain FERGUSON
Captain WHYTAL has been appointed
Assistant Quarter-master, and assigned to duty at the head-quarters of the
Department of Washington.
Steps are to be taken by Congress
at an early date for mustering out of service a large number of major and
brigadier generals. It is estimated that about forty will be thus weeded out
from the army.
ON Monday, December 4, the
Thirty-eighth Congress of the United States met at the Capitol, in the city of
Washington. Both branches of the national legislature were duly organized—the
Senate under the Presidency of Vice-President Hamlin, and the House under the
Hon. Schuyler Colfax. The Rev. Mr. Sunderland, Chaplain of the Senate, opened
the proceedings with appropriate prayers. Senator Davis, of Kentucky, raised a
question as to the right of the Senators from West Virginia to take their seats.
The case of Senator Wilson, of Missouri, was also brought up, but was not voted
upon. A bill to increase the pay of soldiers was announced by Senator Lane,
after which the Senate adjourned.—In the House, the Clerk read the roll of
members from all the States, excepting Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia,
Oregon, Missouri, and Kansas. Some discussion arose on this question. The
nomination for Speaker next took place, when Mr. Schuyler Colfax, republican,
was elected. The Speaker elect delivered a brief but emphatic address. The oaths
necessary were then administered, and the House adjourned.
On Tuesday, December 8, in the
Senate, Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, submitted a resolution to inquire what
further legislation is necessary to facilitate the payment of back pay and
pensions to deceased soldiers. He also gave notice of a bill to increase the
bounty on soldiers. Senator Clark introduced a bill to grant a pension to
Burns, the heroic citizen of
Gettysburg. A resolution was introduced by Senator
Davis, of Kentucky, declaring, in effect, that the refusal of the rebels to
exchange colored soldiers and their white officers should not prevent the
exchange of our other officers and soldiers on just terms. The resolution was
laid over. A discussion occurred upon the right of Mr. Wilson, of Missouri, to
hold his seat, his successor having been chosen by the State Legislature. A
resolution was finally passed declaring him not entitled to the seat. The Senate
shortly afterward adjourned.—The House perfected its organization by the
election of Mr. McPherson, of Pennsylvania, as Clerk, the vote standing 101 for
M'Pherson to 69 for Etheridge, late Clerk. N. G. Ordway, of New Hampshire, was
elected Sergeant-at-Arms by a vote of 100, to 45 for Adam Glossbrenner, of
Pennsylvania. Ira Goodenow was re-elected Door-keeper, and W. S. King, of
Minnesota, the former incumbent, Postmaster. A joint resolution was offered by
Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, presenting the thanks of Congress to General Grant
and his officers and soldiers, and ordering a medal to be struck for him in the
name of the people of the United States. The resolution received the emphatic
indorsement of a unanimous passage, without a word of debate. A resolution was
offered by Mr. Cox. of Ohio, requesting the President to take immediate steps to
secure the exchange of our prisoners in the hands of the rebels, and calling for
the correspondence in the War Department an the subject. The resolution elicited
some discussion, and was finally laid over, Mr. Arnold, of Illinois, gave notice
of a bill to forever prohibit slavery in the Territories, and also a bill to
repeal the $300 clause of the Conscription Act. The House then adjourned.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 7, 1863.
Reliable information being
received that the insurgent force is retreating from East
Tennessee, under circumstances rendering it probable that the Union forces can
not hereafter be dislodged from that important position, and esteeming this to
be of high national consequence, I recommend that all loyal people do, on
receipt of this information, assemble at their places of worship, and render
special homage and gratitude to Almighty God for this great advancement of the
TAZEWELL, TENNESSEE, Dec. 7,
To Major-General Halleck,
Longstreet is in full retreat
up the valley. Your orders about following with cavalry shall be mailed out.
My division of cavalry attacked
the enemy's cavalry in one of the passes of the Clinch Mountains yesterday
after-noon, and are pushing them vigorously.
Couriers from Knoxville arrived
last night. The road is clear.
Sherman arrived here yesterday.
J. G. FOSTER, Major-General.
The Herald correspondent
telegraphs under date of Knoxville, December 5: The siege of Knoxville is
and Longstreet, with his army, is
in full retreat toward Virginia. It virtually terminated yesterday, when, at an
early hour, the advance-guard of our reinforcements, under General Sherman,
LONGSTREET'S LAST ATTACK.
On the night of 28th ult.,
Longstreet made a fierce attack on Knoxville, which continued nearly all night.
On the following morning the rebel charged on General Ferrero's position at
Fort Saunders, and were fearfully repulsed, with a loss of nearly seven hundred
men, including two hundred and thirty-four prisoners. Our loss was only
General Burnside offered and General Longstreet accepted a
truce until seven o'clock in the evening to take care of the wounded and dead.
We have nothing later from our
Chattanooga. The following telegram appears in the Southern papers:
DALTON, GEORGIA, December 2,
The enemy have fallen back across
the Chattanoogaa, destroying every thing in their route, including the rail road
track and bridges. Their loss was heavy in their attack on our rear-guard, under
HARDEE FALLING BACK.
The news from Chattanooga reports
General Hardee as falling back from Dalton with the demoralized army of General
Bragg, whom he succeeds in the command. The mountains in East Tennessee are said
to be filled with deserters from the rebel army.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
All is quiet in the Army of the
Potomac. So says the last dispatch from that quarter.
General Lee is putting his
army into winter-quarters in his old position on the south side of the Rapidan.
General Meade will no doubt follow his example, and, with the exception of some
fights between pickets or guerrillas, we need hardly expect much news of a
warlike character from the armies of either leader until the winter begins to
The latest news from
General Gilmore was then shelling the city, throwing twenty shells a
day, with considerable damage. All the inhabitants had been removed to the rear
of the city, the fire proving, it is presumed, destructive. The firing on
Sumter had been discontinued, but Fort Johnson and the other defenses inside the
harbor were receiving a terrific fire from our batteries. The
rebel flag which
has heretofore floated over Fort Sumter is no longer displayed, and only an
occasional shot is fired from the ruins. The rebels, it appears, have been
erecting new batteries near Fort Moultrie, under cover of a hospital flag, which
they kept flying on the Moultrie House, and which was respected by our forces,
in accordance with the usages of war. But it is stated that the walls of the
Moultrie House were torn down a few days ago, and revealed a formidable battery
which had been erected by the rebels under the protection of the sacred hospital
The following has been received
General Banks, dated Brownsville, Texas, November 9:
His Excellency Abraham Lincoln,
President of the United States:
I am in occupation of Brazos
Point Isabel, and Brownsville. My most sanguine expectations are more
than realized. Three revolutions have occurred in Matamoros affecting the
Government of Tamaulipas. The first was adverse to the interests of Mexico and
the United States. Every thing is now as favorable as could be desired. N. P.
BANKS, Major-General Commanding.
OUR PRISONERS AT RICHMOND.
The condition of our imprisoned
soldiers in Richmond is considerably improved by the receipt of the provisions
forwarded to them. During the past week three hundred and thirty-five packages,
consisting mainly of solid food, delicacies for the sick, clothing, reading
matter, and stationery were received by them. They were conveyed to
Prison, Belle Island, Castle Thunder, and the tobacco warehouses.
Assistant Surgeon C. O. Wright,
of the Thirty-fifth Ohio, and W. S. Hosack have been released from Richmond, and
arrived at Washington on 7th. From information communicated by them and received
through other sources, it is ascertained that the supplies forwarded for the
Union prisoners are delivered to them, and that their condition has been much
alleviated thereby. The officers in charge of the prisoners who have been guilty
of brutality to the prisoners have been removed, and more humane officers
appointed in their places. The prisoners now obtain ten dollars in rebel notes
for one dollar in greenbacks, while the rate on the street is from twelve to
fifteen for one. Twenty dollars in notes are paid for one in gold. Persons
sending supplies for the prisoners by flag of truce should send only blankets,
clothing, and substantial food, as delicacies, except for the sick, are not
beneficial, and the rebel transportation is limited and taxed to the utmost to
forward actual necessaries. The Sanitary Commission are now sending delicacies
only for use in the hospitals, the bulk of their consignments being of the
character indicated. The arrangements for the distribution of the supplies
forwarded are said to be very good, and the distribution, as a general thing,
made in good faith.
MESSAGE OF GOVERNOR BRAMLETTE.
The Message of Governor Bramlette
was published on 7th. He represents the financial condition of the State as
satisfactory, and urges a complete organization of the militia for home defense
from guerrillas and robbers, and adds: "It is a source of gratification that the
patriotism of the people has met the efforts to place sufficient force in the
field for defense, and that we are now more secure and better guarded than at
any time heretofore since the rebellion. In a short time, under an arrangement
made with the Secretary of War, the thorough organization of enrolled and
volunteer militia for our defense will be complete, and security will again
brighten the desolated homes of our border people." He pledges the entire
service of the State to the defense of the Government. Kentucky's position in
reference to Federal relations is largely discussed, but no new position is
taken. It is conceded that negro slavery is not essential to the life of the
State or nation, but that the Union is; and this is a step in advance in
Adjutant-General Thomas has made
a tour of inspection of the Government plantations, and has given much attention
to the working of the free negro labor system. The result of this system has
been such that it has elicited the Adjutant-General's warmest encomiums, and he
expressed himself to the effect that what he saw of the working of the system
demonstrated to him that the question of compensated negro labor had passed from
an enigma to a fact.
UNION FEELING IN ARKANSAS.
The Union feeling gains strength
in Arkansas. The people are taking the oath of allegiance by hundreds. At a
Convention held at Fort Smith, which was most patriotic in the sentiments
expressed, Colonel Johnson, of the First Arkansas Infantry, was nominated for
Congress, and it was voted that Arkansas should be a free State after the war.
NEW ANGLO PIRATE SEIZED.
THE Government has decided to
stop the Pampero on the Clyde. Her owners allege that she does not differ, if
any at all, from the numerous merchant ships regularly fitted out on the Clyde.
The authorities were not satisfied with this statement, and had a gun-boat
moored close to the Pampero to prevent her escape.