Major Kiernan


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, July 11, 1863

Welcome to our online collection of Harper's Weekly newspapers. Harper's Weekly was the most popular illustrated newspaper of the day, and our online archive will serve as a source of incredible details on the war. Serious students today can gain interesting insights into the important events of the war by diving into this incredible resource.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to the page of interest)


General Meade

General Meade

Harlem Railway

Harlem Railway Affair

Meade Takes Command

General Meade Takes Command


Pirate "Tacony"


Upperville Battle


Confederate Ironclad "Atlanta"

Upperville Battle

Battle of Upperville

Major Kiernan

Major Kiernan

Siege of Vicksburg

Picture of the Siege of Vicksburg

Port Hudson

Pictures of the Siege of Port Hudson

Capture of Atlanta

Capture of the Ironclad "Atlanta"

Drummer Boy

Drummer Boy

Pennsylvania Cartoon

Pennsylvania Cartoon











[JULY 11, 1863.


(Previous Page) charged with the duty of fitting out the Mississippi Flotilla. How well he did that the history of the war is there to tell. The Herald says:

The fleet under Foote attacked and took Fort Henry on February 6, 1862, entirely unaided by the land-forces; captured the rebel batteries at Donelson on the 14th; hotly engaged for two hours, took possession of and occupied Clarksville, without the presence of a land-force, and, by its subsequent appearance before Columbus for several days, forced the rebels to evacuate their boasted Gibraltar, securing to us a bloodless victory. General Pillow telegraphed to Governor Harris from Donelson, on the afternoon of February 14, 1862, when the gun-boat fight was at its height, "The Federal gun-boats are destroying us. For God's sake send us all the help you can immediately. I don't care for the land-force of the enemy: they can't hurt us, if you can keep those iron hell-hounds in check."

On the Sabbath after the capture of Fort Henry quite a large congregation had assembled at the little Presbyterian church in Cairo. They waited a long time for the regular preacher to come and open the services, but waited in vain; and it soon became apparent that they were to go home sermonless. Just then the old Flag Officer, as he was then, appeared, went forward to the sacred desk, and opened the service with prayer. It was very hard for the audience to restrain their applause when he appeared in the aisle, coming as he did from the scene of strife, and the winner of a victory whose merits were upon every tongue; but, the first buzz of wondering over, the congregation bowed in silence and awe, the more marked because of the strangeness of the coincidence. Hardly forty-eight hours before the old veteran was hotly engaged in dealing death and destruction to the enemy at Fort Henry; now he stood before the people in the character of a preacher of the Gospel of peace. But the prayer was not all. After the hymn he took his text from Acts xiv., 1, and preached such a sermon as had not been heard before for years. Clear, calm, logical, he proved, in truly eloquent diction, that the happiness of man depended upon the condition of the heart, and not upon worldly prosperity or adversity. After the sermon the congregation vied with each other in endeavors to reach him to congratulate him upon his success in the late action; but the old veteran met them with a peculiar look, as much as to say, "This is the Sabbath-day, and this God's house, and no time or place to glory over the downfall of an enemy."

Throughout the whole time Admiral Foote commanded the Mississippi squadron its organization was perfect and its achievements brilliant. At the attack on Fort Henry, in February, 1862, he received a severe wound in the foot, from which he never fully recovered; but, struggling to keep up, he for a long time, despite the advice of his physicians, superintended the details of his important command, until it became apparent to himself that he must relinquish the charge of the squadron, and part with his officers, who so devotedly loved him. He was relieved by Captain C. H. Davis (now Admiral), and came on East to recruit his impaired health.

He received a vote of thanks from Congress, and his commission as Rear-Admiral bore date of July 16, 1862.

Notwithstanding his feeble health he earnestly desired active employment, and was appointed chief of the Bureau of Equipment at Washington, which post he vacated by direction of the department to supersede Commodore Dupont in command of the South Atlantic Squadron. He was on his way thither when he fell sick at the Astor House and died. The writer, from whom we have already quoted, thus describes his death-scene:

He lay on his death-bed as calm and complaisant as a man in the bloom of life, and but for the peculiar sound of his breathing one could have scarcely believed that he was passing away. It did not seem like the chamber of death. His life had been so exemplary, his trust in God as sure and steadfast, that one could but feel that this was but the journey to a better and a brighter land.

We left his room long after the daylight had darkened the gaslights, and when the earlier working people were hastening to their various stations, full of the pleasant thoughts which a review of his life had brought. Here was a man who never entered a battle but had, previous to undertaking the work, counted upon the lives of his officers and men; a man who held himself responsible to God for every life thrown away; a man addicted to no vices: pure in heart, living always a godly life, and one of the strong hopes of our naval service. He was now fast going to meet that Judge who would say, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant."

Later Saturday morning he rapidly failed; but after ten o'clock he revived, and was moderately comfortable during the middle of the day. His eldest son arrived during the day, and sat beside the bedside of his father during the whole of the day. During the earlier part of the evening the Admiral seemed to have gained considerable strength, and at times talked considerable, but his mind still wandered. Captain Rowan and Surgeon Williams were present, and watched him with tenderness and care. His feet were much warmer than they had been for some time, and it was thought he might live through the night.

From Saturday last up to the present time the Admiral changed but little, save that he had daily grown weaker, at times brightening up, and in a few hours afterward sinking. His system was one of great strength, and the disease had a powerful will and strong constitution to master.

Yesterday, however, he failed rapidly, and after sundown it was known that he could not live until midnight. The writer was present at his death-bed; which was surrounded by his family, Captain Sandford, and the attending servants.

At ten o'clock he sunk so rapidly that all present felt that his time was numbered by minutes. In appearance he was much wasted away, scarcely moving, and he looked calm and peaceful.

At eighteen minutes past ten o'clock he ceased to breathe, and his spirit winged its way to the God who gave it..


MAJOR JAMES L. KIERNAN, whose likeness we give on page 445, is a New Yorker, a graduate in medicine of the University of New York, and before the war editor of the New York Medical Press, and Professor of Natural History and Physiology in the Public Schools.

He entered the army as surgeon of the 69th New York, and subsequently was in the 5th Kentucky, on General Fremont's staff; in the 3d Missouri State militia; a volunteer attached to the 1st Missouri cavalry, which had the advance in Curtis's pursuit of Price into Arkansas; and was, for services rendered, appointed on the 1st March, 1862, to the position which he has since held in the 6th Missouri cavalry.

When Major Kiernan entered this regiment, he was informed by Colonel C. Wright that though he was commissioned as Surgeon, yet he must fight as Major; that "he would have none but fighting men in his regiment, as the military necessities of frontier warfare required it."

Major Kiernan so well obeyed that Wright afterward declared that the only difficulty he had was in keeping him back from too recklessly exposing himself. Now on the wild scout, foremost in the dashing charge, or in the midst of the battle; again the kind, skillful surgeon, as many a poor wounded Western soldier can testify, he gained an equal name as surgeon and soldier.

At length, last November, the scene of his operations

shifted from the barren hills of the Ozark range to the alluvial swamps of Southern Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, and with his regiment he was constantly on the scout on both sides of the River Mississippi, from Helena, Arkansas, to the country around Vicksburg.

Subjoined is an incident which is taken from the St. Louis Democrat of 9th ult. It is an extract from their Vicksburg correspondent, and speaks for itself:

It would be difficult to chronicle more bravery than has been shown, individually and collectively, by both officers and men, in the different battles from the time of the opening struggle near Port Gibson till now; but there is one exploit which, for its great endurance and usefulness, I must mention.

On the 6th of May five ambulances having been captured by the enemy, contrary to the rules of warfare, between Port Gibson and Rodney, Mississippi, six companies of the 6th Missouri cavalry, Colonel C. Wright, commanding, were ordered from Rocky Springs to recapture them or take, in case of failing to do so, the prominent citizens of the neighborhood where they were taken as hostages for their safe return.

This cavalry scout, proceeding through Port Gibson, reached Oakland College, within five miles of Rodney, a distance of forty miles from where they started, the evening of the same day; there they ran in the enemy's pickets and followed him up for some time, when they learned from reliable authority that the rebel cavalry, over twice their strength, were attempting to surround them. Having arrested the most prominent citizens around the neighborhood of Oakland College (which is four miles from James Creek, where it was ascertained the ambulances were taken) they fell back toward Port Gibson. Constant skirmishing was kept up the whole way, and Major Kiernan, 6th Missouri cavalry, was thrown from his horse, severely wounded in the shoulder. Having reached Port Gibson, they threw out heavy pickets, and held it from the time they arrived, two o'clock A.M. on the 7th, till ten o'clock A.M. Major Kiernan was, during this time, lying almost insensible at the hotel. At ten o'clock information was received by Colonel Wright that a superior force were stealing around the town (which is in a hollow surrounded by bluffs), when he left with his force to reconnoitre on a hill a couple of miles toward the Federal army. He had scarcely reached there when the rebel cavalry dashed into the town, "gobbled up" Major Kiernan's orderly and nurse, as well as hie horse, etc. Some skirmishing took place, but after a while the Federals retreated, as so did the rebels, in contrary directions. The rebel cavalry visited Port Gibson again that night and attempted to parole the Major, but he declined; a rebel surgeon was attending him at this time.

On the third morning after this, while lying in bed, he overheard a conversation between a rebel officer and a citizen, who were talking beneath his open window. The drift was that a large rebel force, composed chiefly of cavalry and artillery, were about concentrating in Port Gibson for the purpose of capturing our trains. A very large commissary train, which they had information from spies, was about leaving Grand Gulf the next day for Grant's army, was a particular object in view.

Roused by the intelligence, which was confirmed by negroes who were about fleeing themselves, he managed to get up and struggled his way to the garden, thence by back lanes out of the town, and thence through the brush, crossing the Bayou Pierre on a log eight miles to Grand Gulf. He had taken the brush to avoid pursuers, whom he could perceive on the road as far as the Bayou Pierre. He reached Grand Gulf completely exhausted, but gave the information which was the means of saving a most valuable train.

Major Kiernan has been strongly recommended by all the leading officers of Grant's army, as well as by those of the Department of Missouri, and the Governors of Virginia, Illinois, and Indiana, to the President for promotion in the line.

He had a most agreeable interview with the President at the White House a few days since, and the President has his case in consideration.


ON page 437 we reproduce three sketches by Mr. Hamilton, illustrating the progress of events at Port Hudson. Mr. Hamilton writes:

"The progress of the war is perpetually bringing into notice places hitherto scarcely known, even by name, beyond the few residents in their immediate vicinity. Springfield Landing is one of these. This spot is situated some seventeen miles above Baton Rouge, on the left bank of the river, and at present serves as a depot and landing for our troops, ammunition, etc., during their operations upon Port Hudson.

"It is astonishing what changes are instantaneously produced under the magical presence of an army; the most barren spot assuming in a day, as if by the wand of an enchanter, all the characteristics of a town or village. We present a view of Springfield Landing as it appears covered with army stores, ammunition, horses and wagons, artillery, etc., constantly disembarking and going onward to the field of action.

"In the distance the river takes a sudden bend to the right, where Port Hudson is located, and unseen from our present point of view. The Monongahela, Richmond, and Genesee are represented firing at the forts.

"Our two other sketches are faithful portraitures of two places selected as head-quarters in General Banks's present campaign. They are interesting merely as representations of Southern scenery, and of places suddenly brought into notoriety by the war."


WE continue, on page 436, to illustrate the progress of the siege of Vicksburg, from sketches by Mr. Theodore R. Davis. Mr. Davis writes:


"Each hour's labor of our gallant men makes such a change in the scene that it must be a busy pencil that keeps before the readers of Harper's Weekly the workings of this regular siege.

"The skill that General M'Pherson has shown as an engineer officer gives a general confidence in the result.

"Men digging, day after day, under a sun whose ardent rays seem to give color to the story told of the maternal African, 'who, having left one of her progeny on the sunny side of a convenient sand-hill, found it necessary to gather the melting "Pick" into a wash-tub.'

"Certainly it is very hot, but our men work steadily, and with a comprehension of plan that is surprising. But to the description of the scene

sketched. In the centre of the sketch, and directly over our advanced battery (Hickenlooper), is the 'rebel' work Fort Hill; still over this, and in the distance, Vicksburg is seen; too, in the distance, rises the smoke of our transports and gun-boats, marking the course of the great river for whose uninterrupted navigation this mighty labor is progressing.

"The trench or sap is at the moment just under the corner of the rebel work.

"To-morrow will see another sap. Maybe its results, borne by telegraph, will be published with this sketch."



Important to Tourists. Mr. Semmons begs to inform the Travelling Public that he has consented to open a branch of his store at

No. 123 Broadway, opp. Post Office,


where may be found a splendid assortment of his celebrated Spectacles, Eye-Glasses, Single and Double Telescopes of immense power; Field and Marine Glasses, Opera Glasses, &c., &c.; also, his newly invented Vest-Pocket Double Glass, of the greatest transparent power, suitable for tourists and sportsmen. The business in New York will still be open. Catalogues sent free by enclosing stamp.

SEMMONS, Oculist's Optician,

669 1/2 Broadway, opp. Bond St., N. Y.

Sent free by mail for 60 cents.

Dyspepsia Tablets,

For INDIGESTION, HEARTBURN, &c.— Manufactured only by S. G. WELLING, No. 207 Centre St., New York.

Price 50 cents per box. Sold by Druggists generally.









Lace   At Kelty's Curtains.

LACE   No. 359 Broadway.   CURTAINS.


Holland & Gold Window Shades



Violin Strings to Stand Hot Weather.

Best French Silk, 4 lengths, 25 cents. Italian, 4 lengths, 25 cents. New Music Book. Tunes of the world, for either Violin, Flute, Accordeon, Flageolet, 50 cents. Musicians' Omnibus, 700 tunes for Violin, Flute, Cornet, &c. $1. Mailed. FREDERICK BLUME, 208 Bowery, N. Y.

$75 PER MONTH guaranteed. Testimonials of clergymen and scientific men sent free. ISAAC HALE, JR. & CO., Mewburyport, Mass.

Attention, Soldiers!—Preserve your Health! — No sensible man will leave the city without a supply of HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENT. For Wounds, Bruises, Sores, Fevers, and Dysentery, these medicines are the best in the world. Every English and French Soldier uses them. Only 25 cents per box or pot.



Acknowledged by all who have used it to be, in all respects, unequaled. Sent free by mail. Liberal discount to agents and the trade. HANNAH & CO., No. 104 John Street, N. Y. Send for a circular.

$75 At MONTH! I want to hire Agents in every county at $75 a month, expenses paid, to sell my new cheap Family Sewing Machines. Address, S. MADISON, Alfred, Maine.

LANDS.—A Rare Opportunity for all Wanting Farms, in the large New England settlement of Hammonton, 30 miles southeast of Philadelphia; fine climate; best fruit soil and markets in the Union; $15 to $20 per acre. Terms easy. For full information apply to R. J. BYRNES, Hammonton, New Jersey. Letters answered. Route to the land.—Leave Vine Street Wharf, Philadelphia, at 7 1/2 A. M. or 3 1/2 P. M. for Hammonton.

Musquito Shield or Guard.


AT YOUR OWN HOMES.—THOUSANDS CAN REALIZE A HUNDRED DOLLARS WEEKLY.—No utensils required except those found in every household; profits 100 per cent.; demand staple as flour. It is the greatest discovery of the age. Full particulars sent on receipt of two stamps for return postage. Address C. MUNRO, BROWN & CO., No. 74 Bleecker Street, N. Y.

150 Needles 25 Cents.

BARTLETT'S BURNISHED NEEDLES "Sew Easier." All sizes. Free by mail. Bartlett's Needle and Sewing Machine Furnishing Depot, 442 Broadway, N. Y.

"Royal Courtship." How Conducted—The Women of Turkey—Manners and Customs—Dresses—Veiled Ladies—Love— Courtship —Money—How they Manage in England—Female Life in London—Sewing Women—Their Condition—Clean Teeth —Pure Breath—Etc. In JULY PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 15c. $1.50 a year.   FOWLER & WELLS, N. Y.


A Pamphlet mailed, post-paid, for $2, containing exact copies of advertisements for persons entitled to property. Address or apply to HENRY HAYS, 649 Broadway, N. Y. Coats of arms found, painted and engraved.

DROWN E & MOORE, Manufacturing Jewelers, 208 Broadway, New York.

DR. STERLING'S AMBROSIA is a stimulating oily extract of Roots, Barks, and Herbs. It will cure all diseases of the scalp, and itching of the head; entirely eradicates dandruff; prevents the hair from falling out, or turning prematurely gray, causing it to grow thick and long. Sold by druggists everywhere. Put up in a box containing two bottles. Price $1.

DR. H. H. STERLING, Sole Proprietor, Depot No. 493 Broadway.


All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDEN'S EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.


NATIONAL AMERICAN AMUSEMENT CARDS. Colonel for King, Goddess of Liberty for Queen, and Major for Jack. 52 enameled cards to the pack. Eagles, Shields, Stars, and Flags are the suits, and you can play all the usual games. Three packs mailed free on receipt of One Dollar. The usual discount to the trade. Send for a Circular. Address   AMERICAN PUBLISHING AGENCY,

14 Chambers Street, New York.

BLOOD & CO., Manufacturers and Importers, Office 335 Broadway, Moffatt's Building, cor. Worth Street, Manufacturers of superior Needles for all Sewing Machines. Send for Circular.

$60 A MONTH—We want Agents at $60 a month, expenses paid, to sell our Everlasting Pencils, Oriental Burners, and 13 other new and curious articles. 15 circulars free. SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Me.


—Genuine goods. Also, the best Fountain Pen in the world. One filling will write 8 to 12 hours. Send for circular. GEO. F. HAWKES, Manuf., 64 Nassau St.,N.Y

DR. WITFIELD'S VEGETABLE PILLS are infallible for Fistula, Blind and Bleeding Piles. Price 50 cents per box. Sold by all Druggists. Reference to ladies and gentlemen from all parts of the country can be had at office of the Proprietor, J. YOUNG, No. 481 Broadway, N. Y.

DIRECTION LABELS AND TAGS.—All kinds white and colored, printed and plain, in quantities to suit purchasers, at VICTOR E. MAUGER'S, 115 Chambers St.



4317 pieces of assorted Jewelry for $50. Trade list sent free. Address

L. S. SALISBURY, Agt., Providence, R. I.


We want Agents in every Town and County to sell our Great, New, Indispensable, Novel, and Complete Champion Prize Stationery Variety and Yankee Notion Packages; containing finest quality Writing Material, Yankee Notions, Soldier's Friend, Housekeeper's Companion, Portraits of Generals, Fifty sure Ways to get Rich, Needles, Pins, Buttons, Thread, &c., &c. Contents of Package worth over $2.00, all for 25 cents. We give a fine Watch, warranted correct timekeeper, to every agent. but Agents are now making $15.00 per day easy. We also give one Elegant gift of Fine Jewelry from our own factory with every package. Send for New Circular, or call on

RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Naesau St., N. Y. Box 3131.

Most Extensive Agency House in the U. S.


The greatest Book ever published. Satifiction guaranteed to every one. Sent to any address on receipt of ten cents.


37 and 39 Nassau Street, N. Y.

$15.00 PER DAY.

Agents wanted all through the country to sell our New Style CARD THERMOMETERS (eight different patterns); also, 20 other new and useful patented Articles. Great Chance.   Box 3131.

RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Nassau St., N. Y.

Agents wanted everywhere to sell our Celebrated Crystal Cement. Warranted to stand Hot Water and Fire, and mend every Article. Fine Watch, correct timekeeper, that will sell for $15, given free to every Agent. One elegant prize of Rich Jewelry, New Style, given with every bottle.

Box 3131.

RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Nassau St., N. Y. P. S.—One dozen Bottles Cement and 12 rich prizes sent on receipt of $1.75.





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