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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) could be named, has also attacked Mr. Kinglake, declaring that
"the honor" of soldiers and of all who confide in the historian is unsafe in his
keeping! This is a tolerably emphatic statement. But it is not at all supported
by the extracts we have seen from Sir Francis's pamphlet, the moral of which
seems to be, that Mr. Kinglake is a foolish writer of no importance, who ought,
therefore, to be prohibited from writing lest England should be involved in war!
There may be a great deal of foolish writing in Mr. Kinglake's history, but such
a consummate non sequitur as that is impossible outside the brains and the books
of Sir Francis Head.
Meanwhile the corrections which
the author has been constrained to make in his work are few and unimportant;
which, under the circumstances of a contemporary history, must be admitted as
the most convincing testimony to its general veracity.
THE Rev. M. D. Conway, in a
letter to the Boston Commonwealth, draws the following portrait of Thomas
"While he engaged Mr. P. in
conversation, I had a good opportunity for studying the characteristics of this
remarkable man. Tall and almost slender, contrary to my expectations, with a
longish head, bent forward from somewhat stooping shoulders, with a magnificent
brow overhanging a blue eye that suggests a tenderness which nowhere else
appears in his manner or conversation, but which one can imagine were in the
ascendent when the Life of Sterling was written; with a short beard and mustache
giving an impression of granite on the lower face; with a light and ruddy color
which overspread the face with deep flushes during conversation; with a voice
which began and gently rose in a moment to a tornado; with a habit of bursting
out into load and almost convulsive laughter, which often ended in a fit of
coughing; with nervous movements of fingers and shoulders, hinting strongly of
over-study; with a terrible undertone to all these—most of all to the
laughter—of pain and grief; Carlyle seemed to me one of the most fearful and
fascinating of all the men I have ever seen; and while in his presence I
remembered the weird impressions of mingled beauty and awe which I had when
journeying through the Mammoth Cave."
THE Western Department of the
United States Sanitary Commission have commenced the publication of a small neat
double quarto sheet devoted to the sanitary interests of the army. It is full of
interest and encouragement.
The war has developed nothing
finer than the spirit which originated and which has maintained this Commission.
Naturally viewed with jealousy by some military traditions, its triumph has been
irresistible because its value is so conspicuous and universal. Plunged into a
tremendous war without soldiers, we had to improvise an army. The whole
practical talent of the country was bound to conspire for mutual assistance; and
the one thing which outside enterprise, sagacity, and benevolence could do, was
to undertake, in harmonious alliance with the military authority, the care of
the health of the army. The Commission was organized at once. Its management was
intrusted to the most skillful hands; and it appealed directly to the pecuniary
support by voluntary contributions.
Such was the generous and
magnificent response that it has expended more than three hundred thousand
dollars in cash, and has distributed hospital stores of the value of millions.
At the present time more than three-fourths of all the contributions made by the
people for the benefit of the sick and wounded in the army pass through its
hands, amounting to more than a thousand dollars in cash and ten thousand
articles of clothing and diet expended and issued each day. Of this aggregate
about a third of the money and more than half of the stores are distributed in
the Western Department; the other two-thirds being expended in the work of the
central office and among the armies of the East.
The agents of the Commission are:
First, General Inspectors, who are medical men marching with the army, watching
camps and hospitals, and looking out for the sick and wounded, and supervising
the use of stores. Second, Special Inspectors, who are medical men making
temporary rounds of observation. Third, Store-keepers, in charge of Sanitary
stores at various points. Fourth, Special relief agents, distributing stores,
procuring discharges and pay, transportation and pensions, with a general
look-out for suffering and want. Fifth, Canvassing agents, exploring the home
field and promoting and forwarding supplies. Sixth, Office clerks, keeping
accounts, records, etc. Seventh, Messengers, accompanying shipment of stores to
prevent delay or loss. In this class there is a large corps of earnest,
indefatigable, and effective volunteers.
Such is the scope of this great,
practical charity. Every where in the land busy feet and fingers, toiling brains
and beating hearts, are at work for it. The mother, the wife, the sister, the
daughter, the sweet-heart, can all do their part in the grand labor that exalts
while it saves a people. It is the glory of the Commission not only that it has
relieved such countless cases of suffering, but that it has shown how the
longing heart and eager hand of every home in the country can bring themselves
to bear upon the welfare of the soldiers who are fighting for them.
Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper is the
journal of much the largest circulation in Great Britain. Its issue is 500,000
weekly, and, being sold at a penny, it is the oracle of the working class in
England. It is perfectly faithful to the cause of the Government in this
country, because it knows that the Government here is the people, and that the
success of the rebellion either in compelling us to recognize the independence
of the Slave empire, or concede to slavery new privileges as the condition of
restoring the Union, would be a fatal blow to the working classes, who are the
great mass of the people in every country in the world. It understood perfectly
the cry for independence at the
South and for peace at the North. It knows that they mean exactly the same
thing. And therefore, while so many of the leading London papers seem to suppose
that Hooker's defeat secures the overthrow of the Government and the dissolution
of this nation, Lloyd's paper says, quietly:
"It is true, he has to face the
entire Confederate army; that he is driven into intrenchments; that his
communications are threatened: but he is not annihilated, nor is the Federal
cause lost. We will not for one moment question the exaggeration of the
position; but we decline to regard the independence of the South as a fait
accompli, even after these recent Confederate successes. The carnage has been
awful; the land has been softened with blood. We shudder as we think of these
hosts of armed men, all of one race, shedding each other's blood like water; but
the fault is not with the Federals: it was not they who provoked the wicked
LAST BRITISH MUDDLE.
THAT extremely silly gentleman,
Mr. Roebuck, has been telling the people in Sheffield, England, precisely what
Mr. Fernando Wood told the people in New York—that the Government of the United
States was well whipped, and that the gallant, slaveholding rebels, the direct
descendants of gallant, liberty-loving Britons, had established their
The speech of the excellent
Roebuck, whose malice has the complete advantage of his intelligence and common
sense, has as many absurd falsehoods and blunders as it has statements. One only
we mention, because it is one persistently repeated by a certain kind of John
Bull in this country and in England. Mr. Roebuck says, gravely, that in our
Revolution we established the great principle that a people may break up a
government whenever it chooses. But the right of revolution, if the good Roebuck
would but take the trouble to know what he is talking about, is not the right to
refuse to obey the laws; nor did any American statesman, philosopher, or man of
common capacity ever assert such a doctrine.
The right of revolution, as
defined and exercised by the American people, is the right of any people who are
hopelessly oppressed, in a manner for which, after patient effort, there is no
legal redress, to right themselves by force. And this right is to be exercised
under the moral obligations from which no man and no people are ever free.
In the case of the present
conspiracy to extend slavery by the ruin of this Government there is not a
shadow of pretense that any such right of revolution is exercised. The whole
movement proceeds upon the assumption that it is not a revolutionary act, but an
act of secession constitutionally competent for every State to exercise.
Then as to the claim which the
perceptive Roebuck makes for the rebels, that somehow or other if men who rebel
to perpetuate slavery only succeed, slavery will be abolished, he is
sufficiently answered—since he is beyond the reach of common sense—by their own
assertion that "for Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, we have deliberately
substituted Slavery, Subordination, and Government."
The muddle of Roebuck is rather
the worst muddle upon our affairs into which John Bull has yet tumbled.
SOURCES OF THE NILE.
THE reported discovery by
Captains Speke and Grant of the sources of the Nile, if true, settles one of the
most famous geographical problems. The question required only this final step of
solution, for previous investigation had pushed the river very near to its
source: and in Professor Beke's work upon the Nile and its exploration,
published last year, a compact manual of the most interesting information, the
probable course of the river is laid down as the recent discoveries have proved
it to be.
Thus within a very few years two
more of the secrets of the globe have been exposed by human patience and
heroism. Nothing seems easier than to find the source of a river. The simple
direction would appear to be, go to it. But the fabulous dragons with which the
old geographers covered the terra incognita upon the maps were truly symbolical
of the many and various dangers which threatened explorers. Thus of this last
expedition of seventy persons who left Zanzibar upon the Arabian Gulf, to strike
inland to the probable course of the river and descend its current to Khartoum,
seventeen only are reported as composing the final party. The climate, the
savage tribes, the deserts, the marshes, the beasts, starvation, fever,
exposure, fatigue—these are some of the enemies with which the explorer has to
One of the most interesting
accounts of a journey to discover the source of the Nile is that of Frederick
Werne, a German, who went with an expedition sent by Mehemet Ali, the great
Pacha of Egypt. But the Pacha's object was less scientific than political and
commercial. The expedition reached the river Sorat and then returned. More
recently Dr. Knoblecher, Romish Vicar-General at Khartoum, projected a voyage
which was bold but not successful. Richard F. Burton, a traveler of fame, who
has some remarkable qualities as an explorer, and who has written a compendious
book upon the Mormons and their life, undertook the Nile exploration in company,
we think, with Speke or Grant, but fell ill and contented himself with sneering
at his companion's discoveries. But none of all the explorers, except the last
and Burton's expedition, took the African shore of the Arabian Gulf as their
base of operations. Yet by Dr. Beke's map of four years ago this was clearly the
true point of departure.
In the letter announcing the
discovery upon the authority of Captain Speke himself, Sir Roderick J. Murchison
says: "The discovery of Speke and Grant, by which the southernmost limit of the
basin of the Nile is determined to be four degrees south of the equator, is the
most remarkable geographical feat of our age; and is, indeed, an achievement of
which all our countrymen may well be proud."
HUMORS OF THE
A SCOTCH minister was once busy
catechising his young parishioners before the congregation, when he put the
usual first question to a stout girl whose father kept a public house. "What is
your name?" No reply. The question having been repeated, the girl replied, "Nane
o' your fun, Mr. Minister, ye ken my name weel enough. D'ye no say, when ye come
to our house on a night, 'Bet, bring me some ale!'" The congregation, forgetting
the sacredness of the place, were in a broad grin, and the parson looked
The lady who fell back on her
dignity came near breaking it; and the man who couldn't stand it any longer, has
taken a seat, and is now quite comfortable.
Lord Cockburn, when at the bar,
was pleading in a steamboat collision case. The case turned on the fact of one
of the vessels carrying no lights, which was the cause of the accident.
Cockburn, insisting on this, wound up the argument with this remark, "In fact,
gentlemen, had there been more lights there would have been more livers."
"Porter," asked an old lady, at
an Irish railway station, "when does the nine o'clock train leave?" "Sixty
minutes past eight, mum," was Mike's reply.
Diggs saw a note lying on the
ground, but he knew that it was a counterfeit, and walked on without picking it
up. He told Smithers the story, when the latter said, "Do you know, Diggs, you
have committed a very great offense?" "Why, what have I done?" "You have passed
a counterfeit note, knowing it to be such," said Smithers, without a smile, and
Why is the letter "o" the most
charitable letter?—Because it is found oftener than any other in "doing good."
A romantic young lady fell into a
river, and was likely to be drowned; but a preserver accidentally appeared, and
she was conveyed in a state of insensibility to her home. When she came to
herself she declared she would marry the saver of her life. "Impossible," said
her father. "Is he already married, then?" inquired she. "No." "Is he not the
young man who lives in our neighborhood?" "No; it is a Newfoundland dog."
A horse-dealer in a provincial
town was once elected constable. He was a thrifty well-to-do farrier and
blacksmith, and doctored and shod all the horses for twenty miles round. After
having been constable for a year or two he took to hard drinking and became
poor. Finally, he determined to reform, but found it hard work to quit his
drinking habits. One day a man brought a horse to him to be doctored. "The horse
seems to be sound," said the man, "but you see he won't drink." "If that's all
that ails him," said the farrier, "you have only to elect him constable—he'll
drink fast enough then. I've tried it, you see, and know."
A few days ago a little urchin in
Westminster saw a shilling lying on the footway. He had no sooner picked it up
than it was claimed by a carman. "Your shilling hadn't got a hole in it." "Yes,
it had," said the rogue of a carman. "Then this 'un ain't," coolly replied the
boy, and walked off triumphantly.
"Pat, do you love your country?"
"Yes, yer honor." " What's the best thing about ould Ireland, Pat?" "The whisky,
yer honor." "Ah, I see, Pat, with all her faults you love her still."
LEARNING AND LAZINESS.—A chap
being asked to explain the paradox of how it was possible for so lazy a man to
attain so much education, answered—"I didn't—attain—I just heard it—here
and—there—and--was too lazy to forget it."
Suwarrow, even in peace, always
slept fully armed, boots and all. "When I was lazy," he said, "and wanted to
enjoy a comfortable sleep, I usually took off one spur."
There is a grocer up town who is
said to be so mean that he was seen to catch a fly off his counter, hold him up
by the hind legs, and look in the cracks of his feet to see if he hadn't been
stealing some of his best sugar.
Dr. Whewell, walking in Mr.
Hamilton's garden at Cobham, expressed his surprise at the prodigious growth of
the trees. "My dear Sir," replied Mr. Hamilton, "remember they have nothing else
What is the best thing to prevent
a maid from despairing?—Pairing.
Man's happiness is said to hang
upon a thread. This must be the thread that is never at hand to sew on the
shirt-button that is always off.
"Man," says Adam Smith, "is an
animal that makes bargains. No other animal does this: no dog exchanges bones
A politician was boasting, in a
public speech, that he could bring an argument to a p'int as quick as any other
man. "You can bring a quart to a pint a good deal quicker," replied an
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
Why can we deny that the island
where Robinson Crusoe landed was uninhabited?
Because he found a great swell on
the beach, and a little cove running up.
Why is the letter D like a
Because it makes ma used.
What letter makes most noise in a
The letter S, because it makes
Why is a lady's complexion like a
Because it is spoiled by the sun
and air (son and heir).
Traverse the world from pole to
You'll find my first esteemed by
My second is an occupation
That's useful found in every
Connect the two, and you'll
An author whom we much admire.
SIEGE OF VICKSBURG.
Vicksburg to 2d
describe the siege as being steadily prosecuted by
General Grant. No further
assaults had been made, but on 29th a heavy artillery fire was opened on the
place. One story says that as many as 3600 shells were thrown into the city in
an hour. Meanwhile the gun-boats under
Porter are said to have silenced the
water batteries and the line of batteries above them, with the exception of one.
Nothing has been heard of the rebel
General Johnston. A telegram of 3d from
Memphis says that General Osterhaus is watching Joe Johnston on the west side of
Black River bridge with an entire division, ready to intercept his junction with
General Pemberton. General Johnston showed himself with a strong force near the
bridge on the 1st and 2d inst., but fell back again to Jackson on encountering
the fire of our troops.
Another dispatch reports the
return of General Blair's expedition through fifty-six miles of country, from
the Big Black to the Yazoo, and eleven miles below Yazoo City. Several bridges
and a number of grist-mills and cotton-gins, used to grind corn, were destroyed;
also a large quantity of cotton belonging to the rebels. The country toward the
Yazoo is said to be teeming with agricultural riches. Cattle, sheep, and hogs
abound in all directions. Flourishing crops of corn, oats, wheat, and rye are
seen on every side. Hundreds of negroes fled from their masters at the approach
of our troops, and followed them into our lines.
SIEGE OF PORT HUDSON.
General Banks, on 28th ult., had
Port Hudson, and our gun-boats were bombarding the
fortifications from the river, while the troops at the same time were using
their artillery on the land side.
On 29th an assault was made which
was unsuccessful. The Second Louisiana (colored) regiment fought with
extraordinary gallantry, losing in killed and wounded 600 out of 900 men.
The latest accounts state that
Banks, like Grant, was proceeding slowly to reduce the place by regular
approaches: the soldiers were confident of success.
GENERAL BANKS'S LOSSES.
General Banks officially reports
the loss in his army up to the 30th ult. to be nearly 1000, including some of
his ablest officers. He speaks very highly of the conduct of the negro troops.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC IN MOTION.
General Hooker on Friday and
Saturday pushed a daring reconnoissance across the
Rappahannock just below
Fredericksburg. Howe's division of the Sixth army corps was selected for the
duty, and executed it in the most thorough and effective manner. The first
crossing was made in pontoon boats, in the face of a murderous fire from the
rebel pickets. The Twenty-sixth New Jersey regiment did this important service
in the most gallant style. They were soon followed by several Vermont regiments,
and a charge on the rifle-pits resulted in the capture of some sixty or seventy
prisoners. The pontoons were then laid by the engineers, and the remainder of
the division was crossed over. Our force gradually felt its way out to a
position where it remained for the night, and on Saturday morning the reconnoissance was continued. Our skirmishers brought in some thirty other
prisoners, during Friday night, making the number captured about one hundred.
Our forces are still on the other side of the river.
FIGHT IN VIRGINIA.
The plans of the enemy for the
summer campaign, of which we have recently received numerous hints from the
Richmond papers, have been pretty fully unmasked by General Hooker. The most
prominent feature in these plans, as is now pretty well understood, is an
invasion of the loyal States. This has been seriously interfered with by a
counter-movement. The leading cavalry commander of the rebels, J. E. B. Stuart,
battle of Chancellorsville has been massing, drilling, and supplying a
large force of cavalry at or near Brandy Station, five miles south of
Culpepper—probably the largest cavalry force ever collected by the rebels,
numbering from ten to fifteen thousand. This force was understood to be about
ready to move, with the intention of penetrating Maryland and Pennsylvania, and
perhaps other Northern States, carrying devastation in its course. General
Hooker, however, concluded to effectually interfere with the arrangement, by
attacking the rebels before they started. With this view he sent to the vicinity
a force of cavalry and artillery equal to that of the rebels, with several
thousand picked infantry, and it is supposed that this force reached their
destination on 9th. We have a report that a severe fight took place that day,
but no particulars are given.
ANOTHER UNION RAID.
A late raid of our troops, with
the assistance of three gun-boats, up the Mattapony River into King William
County, Virginia, which was directed by General Keyes from Yorktown, has
resulted in a decided success. After meeting with some brief resistance from the
enemy our troops destroyed a rebel foundry at Aylette, together with several
mills, machine-shops, a lumber-yard, and four government warehouses laden with
grain. The expedition was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Tevis, and returned to
Yorktown on the 6th inst., after accomplishing a very successful result with a
ADMIRAL DU PONT SUPERSEDED.
Admiral Foote has been ordered to
Admiral Du Pont in command of the
Monitor fleet at
change may indicate another move on that city, as it is said that the Navy
Department was disappointed that Du Pont did not renew the attack after the last
CASE OF THE CHICAGO "TIMES."
The military order of
Burnside, suppressing the issue of the Chicago Times, has been withdrawn by that
officer in consequence of the revoking of the same by the President. The
soldiers who occupied the office of the Times have been withdrawn by General
Burnside, and the circulation of the paper within the army lines and elsewhere
is henceforth permitted.
INTERCOURSE WITH THE SOUTH.
An order has been issued
permitting ladies and children to go to and return from the South, under certain
regulations. Those going South can not return until the close of the war, and
those coming North must subscribe to the oath of allegiance to the National
ANOTHER GROWL FROM ROEBUCK.
MR. ROEBUCK, M.P., addressed a
large assemblage at Sheffield, England, in support of British mediation or
intervention in America. The meeting was convened with the object of urging the
propriety of such a step in the Cabinet in London. There were about ten thousand
persons present, and the Mayor of the town presided. Mr. Roebuck delivered a
lengthy oration, not, however, without some difficulty, for a good many persons
in the crowd loudly questioned his statements. Rev. Mr. Hopps moved a resolution
in favor of interference, and it was carried by a majority of votes over an
amendment recommending a continuance of neutrality.
HONORS TO STONEWALL JACKSON.
A public meeting was to be held
in Liverpool on the 3d of June to offer a tribute to the memory of
The fighting still continues in
Poland, with victory one day on the side of the revolutionists and the next in
favor of the Russians. It is said that Earl Russell had taken a very bold
diplomatic step, in advance of the Western Allies of England, on the Polish
question, having proposed to Russia a plan of peace combining independence for
Poland. The proposal is thus stated:
1. The conclusion of an armistice
for one year.
2. The Polish fortresses to
continue to be garrisoned by the Russian troops.
3. The immediate institution of a
4. No individual implicated in
the rebellion to be arrested or brought to trial.
FALL OF PUEBLA.
The report of the capture of
Puebla by the French and the surrender of General Ortega's army is true. But the
facts which establish this result also bear testimony to the undaunted bravery
and unquenchable patriotism of the Mexicans. They only surrendered when
starvation compelled them, and even then many of the officers shot themselves
rather than become prisoners to the invaders. On the 17th of May General Forey
sent a flag of truce to General Ortega, offering to allow the Mexican officers
and soldiers to march out, the officers with their side-arms, providing they
would give a parole not to serve against the French again. This offer was
refused by Gen. Ortega, who meanwhile spiked his cannon, burned his
gun-carriages, destroyed the arms of his infantry, and then surrendered his
forces as prisoners of war. The advance of the French army is at Cholula, six
miles beyond Puebla, on the way to the capital. The Mexicans are making
preparations to defend all the approaches to the city of the Montezumas to the
utmost of their ability, and it is probable that the French will have a bloody
route to travel before they reach the Grand Plaza.