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MAP SHOWING THE SCENE OF GENERAL HOOKER'S RECENT
club and horticultural or
pomological society which has not established relations with it is the loser by
THE gentleman who calls mad
rioters and assassins his friends, lately said in a public speech that spite of
the Vice-President we will have the Union-as-it-was. His friends responded with
"tremendous applause." But in one or two little points, perhaps, the Union will
not be so much as-it-was in the palmy days of Buchanan as in those of
For instance, in the
Union-as-it-was ten years ago
Mr. Horatio Seymour, of New York, could go into
Carolina or Georgia and say what he pleased of public affairs, and
Mr. William H. Seward, of New York, his equal
fellow-citizen, could not. In the Union-as-it-will-be, and as-it-was when it was
made, Mr. Horatio Seymour will have no privilege which Mr. Seward has not.
Then in the Union-as-it-was two
years ago chattel slavery existed in several of the States. But in the
Union-as-it-was-meant-to-be by the fathers, and in the Union-as-it-will-be,
there will be no chattel slavery in those States.
Again, in the Union-as-it-was
when Mr. Seymour was for the first time Governor of New York, and gave Mies
Murray, Victoria's lady of honor, those charming views of the delights of
slavery which she reproduced in her book, it was enough to secure great
reputation as a "national statesman, that a man should become the nimble lackey
of slavery. In the Union-as-it-will-be the test of nationality will be devotion
to liberty and equal rights, and not to the interest of an aristocratic party.
The Union-as-it-was in the days
of Washington, according to Mr. Alexander H. Stephens, was made by men who
believed that Slavery was dying out. The Union-as-it-was in the days of
Buchanan, Toucey, Cobb, Floyd, and Thompson, was officered by men who were
resolved that slavery should live and grow. That is the Union which our worthy
Governor says he means to have. The Union-as-it-was-made is that for which
Vice-President Hamlin pronounces. Do wise men think that the country will follow
Vallandigham, Seymour, and Fernando Wood, or Washington, Jefferson, and
THE NEW GOSPEL OF PEACE.
THE second book of this most
universally popular and effective political pamphlet of the war has just
appeared. Like the first book, it owes nothing to elaborate advertising or
vigorous puffing. Indeed it is a remarkable fact in the history of our
literature, that the first part was quietly issued, and apparently quietly
ignored by the press, but gradually making itself known and felt; appeared upon
every newspaper stand, and was intimately known to every circle in the country.
The actual service it has wrought for the good cause is very great. Like the
pamphlets of Defoe, it is not above the easy comprehension and delight of
plainest people, while by its trenchant blows it commands the admiration of the
most intelligent public. Our political satires hitherto have been generally
beneath contempt or above general comprehension. The true wit and power of some
of them have commended them indeed to the purely literary classes, but they have
not commanded the interest and laughing assent of the great busy crowd of the
country. The sale of the first book of The New Gospel is already prodigious, and
that of the second will doubtless be like unto it. It treats of events of the
last summer. It even alludes to the practice of the doctrines of the New Gospel
as seen in the streets of New York in July. The charm of novelty is naturally
wanting, but it seems to a not less racy than the earlier part.
The authorship remains a secret.
Claims are now asserted for some source beyond
Albany, possibly among the fountains of the
Hudson. The work has been attributed to a score of literary gentlemen in the
city. But the author and the publisher guard their secret well; and whoever he
may be the writer of the "New Gospel of Peace" has secured his place in the
memorabilia of the war.
Archduke Maximilian of
Austria is accounted one of the cleverest princes in Europe. That may or may not
be praise. That he should find the Mexican adventure alluring is not surprising.
For he can not wear the crown at home, and to be emperor and regenerator of a
nation—for, of course, this must be his own programme—is a chance which he can
not willingly forego. He says, indeed, that he must have a popular call to the
throne. But his next friend of France understands exactly how popular calls to
the throne are managed, and that will not be wanting. Then he must have
guarantees. But guarantee is a strong word. He will doubtless acquiesce in
recognition. Yet it seems hardly possible that he seriously supposes he can long
sit upon a Mexican throne sustained by French bayonets.
If it is asked whether every
nation is not interested in having a permanent and peaceable government in
Mexico, the answer is very plain that it is. But if then it be asked whether
every nation is not much more interested in the maintenance of the principle
that every nation shall manage its internal affairs for itself, is the answer
any less plain? If Louis Napoleon had said that the Mexican Government could not
and would not secure the French debt, and therefore he meant to occupy a port
and pay himself, the proceeding would have been unfortunate, but he would have
had some reason. But to conquer a foreign country which in no manner threatens
the peace or power of France, is as wanton as any raid of Ghengis Khan's, and is
an act which threatens the peace of the world by subverting a cardinal principle
of international comity.
It will scarcely compensate for
so gross an offense that the enthusiasm of Almonte & Co. "reached the highest
pitch" upon occasion of their introduction
to Maximilian; "for on leaving
the presence one of them declared that the very sight of this incomparable
Princess would be worth to her august husband an army of forty thousand men; and
that there was not a single partisan of Juarez who, at the aspect of the
Archduchess Charlotte, would not become an enthusiastic imperialist." She spoke
to them "in the purest Castilian." So if an embassy of rebels should offer a
throne at Washington to any Prince or Duke in Europe we should all be charmed,
should we not, if his wife should address them in English? The Mexican conquest,
thus far, is—excepting the lives it has cost—a comedy. But it may become a
tragedy at any moment from which the purest Castilian could not extricate the
THE Opera goes bravely on. As we
supposed, Roberto Devereaux was a failure; but Ione is the most signal success
of a new opera since the Trovatore. It seems hard to persuade managers that it
is not enough that a work should be new to the audience, it must also be
striking to secure popular success. True to his vocation as an enterprising
manager, however, Mr. Maretzek offers us still another new and very famous
work—the Faust—with one of the most delightful of the older operas, Lucrezia
Borgia. For Medori there could not be a finer role. Her queenly aspect and
tragic style peculiarly fit her for Lucrezia; while Mazzoleni's passionate
tenderness give to Gennaro a newer charm.
The Opera is so evanescent a
pleasure in the city that it is necessary to inform all Loungers from time to
time when they can hear the finest operas most adequately sung at the Academy.
That time is now.
SINCE the melancholy gibe of
Carlyle at this country we have heard little of him until meeting this picture
of him by Mr. M. D. Conway. He is still at work upon his Frederick:
"The Idolater of Work, Carlyle,
remains in his room, grimly facing the grim phantom of the Old King—neither
suffering the other to rest. You may see him sometimes with a wide-awake hat
going out on horseback, generally toward Croydon, which Johnson's life has made
one of his Meccas; but the ride seems to have little recreation in it. Carlyle
has in his study nineteen different portraits of Frederick, and more than two
thousand books, in many languages, which bear upon the life he is writing. Every
other picture, and every book not bearing on that life, he has excluded from his
study. The spiritualists, of which there are not a few in London, say that he is
possessed by the spirit of Frederick, and that he is not responsible for the
things he writes now about slavery or any thing else, and that when the life is
completed he will awaken as from a spell, and be clothed and in his right mind.
The grief of such men as Maurice, Hughes, Browning, and others over the late
wild utterances of Carlyle is terrible. They regard it as the result of a very
morbid state of mind and body, and it is probable that the publishers of
magazines will in future refuse to allow such melancholy exposures as that which
took place in Macmillan. But none feel angry with Carlyle who. know him well;
for he is utterly unselfish in his utterances, and the friends of oppression who
think him as mean and selfish as themselves are sure to get, if they approach
him, a fearful tomahawking."
AND NAVY ITEMS.
BY direction of the President of
the United States, Major-General B. F. BUTLER, United States Volunteers, has
been appointed to the command of the Eighteenth Army Corps, and the Department
of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General J. G. FOSTER, on being relieved by
Major-General BUTLER, will report in person for orders to the Adjutant-General
of the army.
CHARLES R. ELLET, commanding the
Mississippi Marine brigade, died suddenly on 29th ult., at Bunker's Hill,
Lieutenant MOSES S. STUYVESANT,
executive officer of the Housatonic, has been detached from her and ordered to
iron-clad Weehawken, vice Lieutenant-Commander T. H. EASTMAN, assigned to
the command of the Flag.
There is no probability now that
General HEINTZELMAN will resume command of the Department of Washington, a week
having elapsed since he reported for duty.
DAHLGREN is now feeling
in excellent health, and is gaining in flesh and spirits. He expresses great
confidence in the final success of the naval and military operations against
Charleston, and that at no distant day.
Major-General HUNTER has left
Washington on an inspecting tour of
GRANT'S army and other forces West.
General AUGUR will in a few days
be relieved from duty on his Court-martial, and probably sent into the field.
Colonel D. T. CHANDLER, formerly
of the old regular army, who was captured last spring by the Potomac flotilla
while attempting to make his way into Virginia, has been released from
confinement as a state prisoner, and is held for exchange.
General B. H. GRIERSON arrived in
Springfield, Illinois, on 26th ult., from his home at Jacksonville. He will
spend a few days in Chicago, and thence return to his command at
still suffering from lameness, his friends will be glad to learn that he is
improving in health.
Major MOSEBY, the famous
guerrilla, dined in the
Marshall House at Alexandria on September 30, and then
had the impudence to inform the public of the fact by placarding it in chalk on
a dead-wall in town, over his own signature.
An effort is making to gather the
remains of those who fell in the
battle of Perryville, Kentucky, in one common
burial-ground, as is to be done at
A court-martial, of which Colonel
GRAY, Sixth Michigan cavalry, is President, has been appointed for the trial of
Captain BENJAMIN F. SANDS has
been detached from the Dacotah and ordered to the command of the Fort Jackson.
Captain JAMES ALCON has been
ordered to the command of
Lieutenant RODERICK PRENTISS has
been ordered to the Oneida.
Lieutenant S D. GREENE has been
ordered on special duty at New York.
Lieutenant-Commander WM. D.
WHITING, commanding the Ottowa, has been detached from her and ordered North for
a new and larger command. Lieutenant-Commander S. LIVINGSTON BREESE will succeed
Commander PIERCE CROSBY has been
detached as Fleet Captain of the North Atlantic blockading squadron, and ordered
to command the Florida.
We were in error in stating
lately that private BLAKE, who stabbed private REDSON in the Army of the
Potomac, belonged to Onderdonk's Mounted Rifles. Both BLAKE and REDSON were
members of a Pennsylvania Battery. Onderdonk's Mounted Rifles are one of the
finest and best-ordered regiments in the service.
FIGHT NEAR BRIDGEPORT.
THE following has been received
at the head-quarters of the army:
CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, Oct. 29,
Major-General H. W. Halleck,
SIR,—In the fight of last night
the enemy attacked General Geary's division, posted at Wauhatchie, on three
sides, and broke his camp at one point, but was driven back in most gallant
style by part of his force, the remainder being held in reserve.
General Howard, while marching to
Geary's relief, was attacked in the flank, the enemy occupying in force two
commanding hills on the left of the road.
General Howard immediately threw
forward two of his regiments, and took both at the point of the bayonet, driving
the enemy from his breast-works and across Lookout Creek.
In this brilliant success over
their old adversary, the conduct of the officers and men of the Eleventh and
Twelfth corps is entitled to the highest praise.
GEORGE H. THOMAS, Major-General.
The following was also received:
CHATTANOOGA, Oct. 29—11.30 P.M.
Major-General H. W. Halleck,
Since the fight of the night of
the 28th the enemy has not disturbed us.
General Hooker took many
prisoners, among whom were four officers and one hundred and three men. He also
captured nearly a thousand Enfield rifles. His loss was three hundred and fifty,
officers and men, killed and wounded. G. H. THOMAS, Major-General.
GENERAL GRANT TAKES THE COMMAND.
HEAD-QUARTERS, MILITARY DIVISION
OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, Oct. 18, 1863.
In compliance with General Orders
No. 337, of date
Washington, D. C., October 16, 1863, the undersigned hereby
assumes command of the "Military Division of the Mississippi, embracing the
Departments of the Ohio, of the Cumberland, and of the Tennessee."
The head-quarters of the Military
Division of the Mississippi will be in the field, where all reports and returns
required by army regulations and existing orders will be made. U. S. GRANT,
THOMAS SUPERSEDES ROSECRANS.
GENERAL ORDERS—No. 243.
HEAD-QUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE
CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, Oct. 20,
In obedience to the orders of the
President of the United States, the undersigned hereby assumes command of the
Army of the Cumberland.
In assuming the control of this
army, so long and ably commanded by Major-General Rosecrans, the undersigned
confidently relies upon the hearty co-operation of every officer and soldier of
the Army of the Cumberland to enable him to perform the arduous duties devolved
The officers on duty in the
various departments of the staff at these head-quarters will continue in their
All orders heretofore published
for the government of the army will remain in force until further orders.
GEORGE H. THOMAS,
Major-General United States
GENERAL ORDERS—No. 242.
HEAD-QUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE
CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, Oct. 19,
The General Commanding announces
to the officers and soldiers of the Army of the Cumberland that he leaves them
under orders from the President.
Major-General George H. Thomas,
in compliance with orders, will assume the command of this army and department.
The chiefs of all the staff
departments will report to him.
In taking leave of you, his
brothers in arms, officers and soldiers, he congratulates you that your new
commander comes not to you, as he did, a stranger. General Thomas has been
identified with this army from its first organization He has led you often in
battle. To his known prudence, dauntless courage, and true patriotism you may
look with confidence that under God he will lead you to victory.
The General Commanding doubts not
you will be as true to yourselves and your country in the future as you have
been in the past.
To the division and brigade
commanders he tenders his cordial thanks for their valuable and hearty
co-operation in all that he has undertaken.
To the chiefs of the staff
departments and their subordinates, whom he leaves behind, he owes a debt of
gratitude for their fidelity and untiring devotion to duty.
Companions in arms, officers and
soldiers, farewell, and may God bless you.
W. S. ROSECRANS, Major-General.
LATEST FROM CHARLESTON.
The latest news we have from
Charleston is taken from the Richmond Whig of the 31st ult., three days later
than we have had before. It states that the bombardment of
Fort Sumter on the
previous day was the heaviest that has yet taken place. From sundown on
Wednesday until sun-down on Thursday one thousand two hundred shots from
fifteen-inch mortars and three hundred pounder Parrotts have been thrown against
the fort. The rebel loss is seven wounded. On the evening of the 30th General
Gilmore's forces opened fire from the mortar battery at Cummings's Point upon
the northeast angle of the fort. The batteries engaged were those at Gregg and
Wagner, the centre battery and Cummings's Point battery, with the addition of
three Monitors. "The bombardment of Fort Sumter," says the Whirr, "still goes
on, but the fire is much slacker. Our batteries fire slowly and deliberately.
The enemy at present pays no attention to them."
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
The news from Washington
indicates approaching active operations in
General Meade's army. All the able
bodied troops under the command of General Martindale, the Military Governor of
the capital, are to be relieved from duty and sent to the field. Their place
will be supplied by the Invalid Corps. The One Hundred and Fifty-seventh
Pennsylvania has already been relieved, and left on 3d. It appears that recent
information concerning the movements and strength of the enemy will enable
General Meade to take some decisive measures at once.
AFFAIRS IN LOUISIANA.
The troops under
are moving through Western Louisiana, as is supposed, with the ultimate object
Texas from the rebels. At latest dates the Nineteenth Army Corps,
General Franklin, had pressed forward to Opelousas, gaining that place on
the 22d of October, without meeting a great deal of resistance, notwithstanding
the fact that the enemy in large force of infantry, cavalry, and artillery
attempted to make a stand about five miles from the town. Carrying out the
policy, however, which has actuated them in all their movements so far during
the campaign, they quickly retreated before our advance, and are reported to
have gone to Alexandria. The head-quarters of the Thirteenth (General Washburne)
Army Corps are still at Vermillionville, and all the troops are in fine health
and well supplied. At
New Orleans an expedition, under General Dana, composed of
veteran troops, was being fitted out. Its precise destination was, of course,
not divulged, but the general opinion is, that it was intended for some point on
the Texas coast. The enlistment of colored soldiers was going on rapidly in the
city, and the Union troops had been very successful in the destruction of
salt-works, tanneries, and other rebel property across Lake Pontchartrain in
A DROLL COPPERHEAD PLOT.
A curious Copperhead plot in Ohio
has come to light. The plan for effecting the release of the prisoners at Camp
Chase was as follows: When the prisoners saw a beacon-light at a certain point,
they were to be ready to take their leave. The prison guard was to be shot by
outside parties, and axes were to be thrown over the walls to the prisoners. The
prisoners once out with their axes were to be provided with arms, and then they
were to storm the penitentiary, release
John Morgan and other Confederate
officers, and the whole party were then to start for the Ohio River and cross
near Maysville. Cathcart was to go along and receive a commission in the rebel
army as a reward for his services. Cathcart was arrested at the house of the
Rev. Sabin Hough. Hough is the secessionist to whom Mr. Vallandigham wrote in
the year 1861, that the "Union was hopelessly divided."
SUFFERINGS OF UNION PRISONERS.
The arrival of a boat-load of
sick Union soldiers at
Richmond, reveals a case of most heartless
treatment on the part of the rebels to the unfortunate Union prisoners. Those
who arrived living were mere skeletons, of whom one-third will probably die, and
eight had died of starvation on the voyage from City Point.
The Richmond Enquirer of the 27th
ultimo, on the question of the Confederate currency, says: "The condition of the
currency has become so alarming that its importance has risen even above the
excitement of military movements. From every quarter of the Confederacy essays,
schemes, expedients, and remedies are daily scattered broadcast over the
country, and suggestions of every character and description are urged. One thing
is certain and indisputable, that the present financial management is an utter
and absolute failure, rendered so not by Mr. Memminger, but by the people
themselves. The funding scheme of Mr. M. could succeed only by the prompt and
persisting co-operation of the people, by coming forward and continuing to
convert the currency into bonds. It is not necessary to inquire into the reasons
why the people have failed. The fact that they have not and will not voluntarily
fund the currency is an important matter for legislative consideration."
Two other members of the British
Ministry, the Secretary of War and the Solicitor-General, have made speeches on
the American war. Both defended the course hitherto pursued by the Government,
and the continuance of strict neutrality.
BEECHER AT EXETER HALL.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
delivered a lecture on the American question at
Exeter Hall, London, on the 20th
of October. The hall was crammed to overflowing, and outside meetings were
extemporized. Mr. Beecher was carried into the hall on the shoulders of
policemen; being totally unable to make his way through the crowd The lecture
was a perfect success.
OF GOOD HOPE.
PIRATES AND THE "VANDERBILT."
Journals from the Cape of Good
Hope, dated to the middle of September, contain some very interesting reports of
the movements of the rebel privateer fleet in Simmon's Bay and off the coast.
Vanderbilt having reached Simon's Bay,
Captain Semmes evidently took off his
cruisers to avoid her. After this the American traders commenced to move about
more freely, still keeping near to shore, however. The South African pilot who
Alabama into port disputed with Semmes on the question of his
remuneration, and formed a very poor opinion of the liberality or honesty of the
rebel commander in consequence. The writers at the Cape describe the Alabama as
in excellent trim. The Vanderbilt towed a distressed Dutch vessel into port.