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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) or that you painted the picture for the purpose of corrupting
youth, the critic does not say. A man may say that I state what is not true ;
but that is very different from calling me a liar. The question then still
remains, whether a spectator looking at a picture, and thinking it to be false
in art and dangerous in morals, may not publicly say so ?
If I print a book, and the
reader, without any acquaintance with me or prejudice against me, thinks it
sophistical, false, or immoral, may he not say so? May he not warn the public
against what he conceives to be the debasing influence of my book, and hope that
"this man" will write no more like it? May he not declare that my book is as bad
as Mrs. APHRA BERN'S, and worthy to have been read in the stews of Corinth, if
that is his opinion? He may indeed express himself in a very offensive way, but
I can not fairly denounce his criticism, however false I may think it in
substance and arrogant in expression, as a personal attack. Therefore you are
wrong in thinking that I have approved an assault upon your moral character.
If you will allow me, I will add
a few words upon the general subject which has occasioned this correspondence.
You speak of what I wrote as " an
indorsement of this man's articles," meaning the Tribune criticism. Of course
when you say this, you were not aware that in Harper's Weekly of the previous
week I had expressed my dissent from the principle, so far as I understand it,
of the criticisms in question, and also with many of their special verdicts. In
that article I say of the picture of yours, which was so severely censured by
the Tribune critic, "the Goat Revel of BEARD'S, instead of seeming to us too
indecent to mention is not without a startling strain of Rabelaisque satire and
warning." I do not, therefore, "indorse" the articles. I merely " indorse" the
critic's right to express his opinion of any artist as an artist, just as I do
yours to express your opinion of any critic as a critic. Then you deny that
every man has a right to express his opinion publicly of subjects upon which he
is totally ignorant. But do you really think that PTOLEMY had not the same right
to say that the sun moved round the earth that COPERNICUS had to say that the
earth moves round the sun ? How is the question of ignorance to be settled ? The
Tribune critic says, virtually, that Mr. DURAND is ignorant of nature. Upon your
principle, he ought to insist that Mr. DURAND has no right to paint. He also
says that, if I like the pictures of certain artists, I know nothing of nature.
Upon your principle, he ought to insist that I should not publicly express my
opinion of those pictures, because they are subjects upon which I am totally
ignorant. Certainly you can not mean that. If he should take that ground, I
should reply that my admiration of KENSETT'S pictures, and of M'ENTEE'S, and of
ELLIOTT'S, of HICK'S, of HENNESSY'S, of NAST'S, and of your own, might be very
ignorant, but it was wholly sincere, and that I should not hesitate to proclaim
it merely because a critic, whether he were an artist or not, thought me
incapable of judging.
Indeed, must not every work of
art in literature, painting, music, architecture, whatever it may be, take its
chance? They are addressed to the human heart, and that will justify them, and
winnow the chaff from the wheat. Besides, the balance of criticism of artists
and authors is pretty fairly adjusted. If our heads are broken in the Round
Table, for instance, they may be swathed with sweet spices in the Independent.
If an " ignoramus" criticises us in the Tribune, a genial sympathy and
intelligence may sparkle in the Evening Post. When you say that no person has a
right to speak publicly of subjects of which he is ignorant, you seem to me to
forget that then nobody's right to talk could ever be satisfactorily settled.
I cordially agree with you that
criticisms of pictures would always be better if they were written by competent
persons. And you remember that it was said of a certain picture also that it
would have been better if the artist had taken more pains. I welcome the
articles in the Tribune not because I agree with their judgments, for I do not,
any more than I agree with RUSKIN that CLAUDE was a botcher ; nor because I
commend their style, for it seems to me that the writer is much too absolute and
dogmatic, and has an unfortunate knack of saying an unpleasant thing in an
unpleasant way ; but I welcome them because they seem to me an able and honest,
and, under the circumstances, even a heroic effort at serious criticism, and I
am very sure that you and many other artists entirely misapprehend the spirit in
which they are written. And now, will you allow me to end what is meant at least
for a friendly letter by capping the last sentence in yours ? You say, " The
true artist desires nothing more than just criticism." I fully believe it, and
also that the true critic desires nothing more than to criticise
justly. Respectfully yours,
GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS.
SENATE.—May 18. The House bill
defining the pay of officers on the staff of the Lieutenant-General was passed.
—The House bill, granting lands to the State of Iowa for railroad purposes was
reported with amendments and passed.—The bill to expedite the public printing
was passed, with an amendment suspending the printing of the report of the
offers received and contracts made for carrying the mails.—May 19. Mr. Harding
introduced a bill, which was passed, to amend the act of Congress, approved
September, 1850, in relation to donations to settlers on the public lands in
California.—Mr. Morrill, from the Committee of Conference on the disagreeing
votes on the bill for an erection of a Territorial Government for Montana, made
a report which recommends that the Senate recede from its amendment, striking
out the words " Every free white inhabitant in the qualification for voters,"
and inserting " All citizens of the United States and those who have declared
their intention to become such," etc. After considerable debate, in which
Messrs. Morrill, Hale, Wade, Horton, and Sumner participated, the report of the
Committee was adopted, 26 Yeas, 13 Nays.—The Pacific Railroad bill was then
taken up as unfinished business, but no vote was taken. May 20. A joint
resolution was introduced by Mr. Wilson to authorize the President to call out
men by draft for one year.—The bill authorizing a mail steamship service between
the United States and Brazil was brought up, and after some discus-
sion laid over.—May 21. Beyond
debating the Pacific Railroad bill, the Senate did nothing of importance.—May
23. The bill in relation to naval supplies, which was reported upon adversely by
the Naval Committee, was taken up. Mr. Grimes proceeded to defend the bill
against the report of the Naval Committee, showing the abuses of the old system
and the need of a reform. Mr. Hale and others participated in the discussion,
but no vote was taken. —Mr. Morgan introduced a bill that so much of the act for
enrolling and calling out the national forces, and acts amendatory thereof, as
authorize the discharge of any person from military service by reason of the
payment of $300 for the procuration of a substitute or otherwise, be repealed.
Provided that nothing contained in this act shall be construed to alter the
provisions of the existing laws relative to persons actually furnishing
substitutes.—The Pacific Railroad bill was then taken up, and, after a brief
discussion, was passed.—May 24. Mr. Johnson introduced a bill granting lands to
aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from Lake Superior to
Puget Sound.—The Brazil Mail Steamship bill was passed. —The House bill to
appoint an additional supervising and two local inspectors of steamboats for
collection in the District of East Tennessee was passed.—The internal Revenue
bill was discussed at length on the clauses regulating the duties and salaries
of officers to be appointed under the law. The amendments of the Finance
Committee, which were verbal, were generally agreed to House.—May 18. Mr. Julian
reported a bill, which was passed, providing for the issue of patents to bona
fide holders of "floats" issued in pursuance of the act of Congress of 1862,
relative to Spanish grants in Louisiana.—The House then proceeded to the
consideration of the joint resolution heretofore reported from the Committee on
Commerce, proposing such action as will insure more perfect reciprocity of trade
between the United States and British North American Provinces. Mr. Elijah Ward
addressed the House at length on the subject. Various amendments were made, but
of no special importance, when the Committee rose, and the bill was reported to
the House, but not finally acted upon.—May 19. The House passed the Senate bill
amendatory of the act authorizing Nevada to form a State Government.—The House
took up the Indian Appropriation bill. All the amendments of the Committee of
the Whole on the State of the Union were concurred in, excepting one reducing
the appropriation for the
Sioux Indians of Minnesota from $150,000 to $50,000.
The bill passed. A long and acrimonious personal debate then ensued, in which
Messrs. Dawes, Loan, Julian, and Mallory participated.—Mr. Pike of Maine
advocated, and Mr. Arnold of Illinois opposed, the abrogation of the Reciprocity
Treaty. Without taking the question the House adjourned.--May 20. Mr. E. C.
Ingersoll was introduced as the successor of the late Owen Lovejoy, qualified,
and took his seat.—A resolution was offered by Mr. Holman that when the House
adjourn it be until Monday, to give the members an opportunity to visit the
wounded officers and soldiers, and administer to their wants, which was adopted.
—The Committee of Conference on the disagreeing amendments to the bill
establishing a Territorial Government for Montana made a report, which struck
out the Senate's amendment to give the right of suffrage to colored persons. The
report was concurred in by a vote of 102 to 26. —A bill was passed reimbursing
Professor Ames for damages sustained by the burning of his buildings at
Annandale, Virginia.—Mr. Cox asked leave to introduce a bill condemning the
action of the authorities in the suspension of the New York World and the
Journal of Commerce, which was objected to by Messrs. Washburne and
Farnsworth.—May 23. SIr. Dawes reported a resolution that Messrs. Chandler,
Segar, and Kitchen, whose claims to seats from Virginia have been rejected, be
allowed mileage for one session, and monthly pay till the passage of the
resolutions in their respective cases. Mr. Chandler's name was stricken out. The
resolution, as thus amended, was adopted.—On motion of Mr. Coffroth it was
resolved that, the Senate concurring, both Houses adjourn the session on the 6th
of June at noon.—On motion of Mr. Arnold a resolution was adopted, instructing
the Committee of the Judiciary to inquire whether any and what legislation is
necessary to punish the forgery and publication of official documents, and also
what legislation is necessary to punish those who, through the press or
otherwise, give information, aid, and comfort to the rebels.—Mr. Pruyn asked
leave, on behalf of his friends of the New York delegation, to offer a
resolution, That the conduct of the Executive authority of the Government in
closing the offices and suppressing the publication of the World and Journal of
Commerce newspapers, in the city of New York, under the circumstances which have
been placed before the public, was an act unwarranted in itself, dangerous to
the cause of the Union, in violation of the Constitution, and subversive of the
principles of civil liberty, and as such is hereby censured by this House.
Objection being made, Mr. Pruyn moved a suspension of the rules in order that he
might introduce the resolution, but the question was decided in the negative by
the following vote : Yeas, 54; Nays, 79.—Mr. Stevens reported the joint
explanatory resolution, which was passed, providing that the late law for the
temporary increase in duties on imports shall take effect on the 30th instead of
the 29th of April. All duties improperly paid to be refunded.—Mr. Stevens
reported a bill to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from
Lake Superior to Puget's Sound, by the northern route.—May 24. Mr. Dawes made a
report that William Jayne is not, and that John J. Todd is, entitled to a seat
as Delegate from
Dakota.—The House took up the Senate's amendments to the
National Currency or Bank bill, and concurred in several, disagreeing to
others.—Mr. Patterson reported a bill to incorporate the Newsboys' Home, in the
District of Columbia, which was passed.—The House resumed the consideration of
the Reciprocity Treaty, and Mr. Davis made a speech against the propriety and
expediency at this time of giving the notice for the termination of the treaty.
GENERAL GRANT'S CAMPAIGN.
The movements of
during last week were mainly strategic, though there was considerable fighting.
On Wednesday, May I8, the Second Corps advanced against the enemy's right,
driving him from two lines of his works and capturing several pieces of
artillery. The cannonading was very heavy, but our forces held their ground,
with an aggregate loss of one thousand. The Ninth Corps was also engaged on the
enemy's left during the day, and succeeded in pushing back the enemy for some
distance, but subsequently retired, having gained no considerable advantage.
On Thursday, 19th, every thing
was quiet until evening, when an effort was made by Ewell's Corps to turn our
right for the purpose of capturing our supply trains. All day long trains,
loaded with ordnance and commissary stores, had been passing the point attacked,
but fortunately none were within reach at the moment. Tyler's Division,
supported by Birney's, were precipitated on the rebel column as impetuously as
the nature of the ground permitted, and after a sharp skirmish the latter were
driven from the ground with serious loss. The First Maine Heavy Artillery
regiment, eighteen hundred strong, and fighting as infantry, charged on the
rebel line gallantly, and swept every thing before them after a sharp contest.
About 500 prisoners fell into our hands, besides 1250 killed and wounded. Our
loss was 150 killed and 750 wounded and missing. Tyler's troops, who chiefly
engaged the enemy, were just from Washington, and had never been under fire, but
behaved with the greatest gallantry.
General Meade gave a prompt recognition of
their brave conduct in the following order, issued on Friday:
"The Major-General commanding
desires to express his satisfaction with the good conduct of Tyler's Division,
Kitching's Brigade of Heavy Artillery, in the affair of yesterday evening. The
gallant manner in which these commands, the greater portion being for the first
time under fire, met and checked a persistent corps of the enemy, led by one of
its best generals, justifies the commendation in this special manner of troops
who henceforward will be relied upon as were the tried veterans of the Second
and Sixth Corps, at the same time engaged. By command of
"MAJOR-GENERAL MEADE." On Friday
evening General Grant commenced a movement for the purpose of compelling
abandon his position at Spottsylvania. Details of this movement are very
properly suppressed, but it is known that up to Monday, 23d, it had gone forward
successfully. Longstreet's Corps started south at 1 o'clock Friday night, an
hour and a half after Hancock moved. Ewell's Corps followed Longstreet.
(Second Corps) reached Guinea's Station, and thence pushed forward to Bowling
Green. At Guinea's Station they found some rebel
cavalry with a battery of
artillery, which they soon dispersed. Our cavalry pursued them, inflicting some
loss, while that of our own was very light. At Milford, beyond Bowling Green,
our advance met a considerable force of the enemy and drove them through the
town. On Sunday night General Hancock had reached a point ten miles south of
Bowling Green, on the line of the Mattapony. A bulletin of Secretary Stanton,
issued on Tuesday night, says: "A dispatch from General Grant, dated at 11
o'clock Monday night, states that the army had moved from its position to the
North Anna, following closely Lee's army. The Fifth and Sixth Corps marched by
way of Harris's Store to Jericho Ford, and the Fifth Corps succeeded in
effecting a crossing and getting position without much opposition. Shortly
after, however, they were violently attacked, and handsomely repulsed the
assault without much loss to us. We captured some prisoners."
Another dispatch, giving in
detail the movements of our corps, and speaking of the rebel assault on Warren's
position, says : " He was attacked with great vehemence. I have never heard more
rapid or massive firing either of artillery or musketry. The attack resulted in
a destructive repulse of the enemy."
At the position attacked by
Hancock the rebels were intrenched, and in considerable force between the creek
he had crossed and the river, and made a pertinacious resistance to his onset;
but before dark he had forced them from their works and driven them across the
stream. It Is also said that in these engagements the slaughter of the enemy was
very great. Our losses were inconsiderable. The rebels charged against our
artillery, and suffered especially from canister.
A dispatch from General Grant
dated at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning, has also been received. It states that the
enemy have fallen back from the North Anna, and we are in pursuit. Negroes who
have come in say that Lee is falling back to Richmond.
Other official dispatches from
head-quarters say that Warren,
Burnside, and Hancock are pushing forward after
the retreating army. Warren captured a good number of prisoners on Monday
evening, but has not had time to count them or ascertain his loss.
Hancock is storming the
rifle-pits this side of the river. On Monday evening he also took between 100
and 200 prisoners, and drove many rebels into the river, where they were
On the 23d, Secretary Stanton
made the following official announcement in reference to the condition and
movements of the Army of the Potomac : " Official reports of this Department
show that within eight days after the great
battle at Spotsylvania Court House,
many thousand veteran troops have been forwarded to General Grant. The whole
army has been amply supplied with full rations of subsistence. Upward of twenty
thousand sick and wounded have been transported from the field of battle to the
Washington hospitals, and placed under surgical care. Over eight thousand
prisoners have been transported from the field to prison depots, and large
amounts of artillery and other implements dais active campaign brought away.
Several thousand fresh cavalry horses have been forwarded to the army, and the
grand Army of the Potomac is now fully as strong in numbers, and better
equipped, supplied, and furnished than when the campaign opened. Several
thousand reinforcements have also been forwarded to other armies in the field,
and ample supplies to all. During the same time over 30,000 volunteers for 100
days have been mustered into the service, clothed, armed, equipped, and
transported to their respective positions.
GENERAL BUTLER'S MOVEMENTS.
General Butler, who at the close
of last week's report had closed in around Fort Darling on the
James River, was
interrupted in his operations on Monday the l6th inst. by a fierce attack of the
enemy, who had concentrated a strong force. In the early morning, under cover of
a fog so dense as to limit vision to the distance of a few yards, the enemy fell
upon the right of our line of battle with the force of an avalanche, completely
crushing it backward, and turning our flank, as two days before we had turned
theirs. Their advantage, however, was but temporary, for our veterans quickly
recovered from the sudden shock, and drove their assailants back beyond the line
of the attack. The fighting thus unceremoniously commenced, continued with more
or less briskness throughout the day, and the losses on both sides were severe.
Our loss is estimated at not less than 1500 to 2000 in killed, wounded, and
missing. The day's operations resulted in our entire army being ordered to
return from its advanced position, within 10 miles of Richmond, to the line of
defense known as Bermuda Hundred, between the James and Appomattox rivers. Here
the troops securely encamped, having buried their dead, and brought from the
battlefield in perfect order their wounded and all their supplies. Heckman's
brigade suffered very heavily, and General Heckman himself was captured. We took
some 300 prisoners, but lost four guns. The enemy the next day appeared in front
of General Butler's works, and heavy skirmishing was continued, with loss on
both sides, during Wednesday and Thursday. On Thursday night the enemy assaulted
a line of rifle-pits along the centre of our entrenchments, but was repulsed. On
Friday the attack was renewed, and our skirmishers were driven out of the pits
after a desperate fight. The possession of the line thus lost being essential to
our position, a determined effort to retake it was made by our forces, which was
partially successful, the right of the line being reoccupied. During this
engagement artillery was used on both sides, and the loss was heavy. We took a
number of prisoners, among whom was Major-General Walker of South Carolina, who
had temporary command of a brigade, and was dangerously wounded. On Friday night
our troops, with a view of diverting the enemy, made an attack on the right, and
on Saturday firing was continued from the batteries until 10 o'clock, after
which it ceased, and the remainder of the day was occupied on both sides in
erecting additional defense. On Sunday and Monday all was quiet, the enemy being
engaged in burying their dead.
The purpose of the enemy in
closing in upon General Butler is evidently to hold in check any movement of
ours until they can re-establish railroad communication with Petersburg and
The enemy have refused to
exchange General Heckman for General Walker.
GENERAL KAUTZ'S RAID.
General Kautz returned from his
raid southward on the 17th. He destroyed the depots at Walthal Junction and
Chester Station on the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad; demolished a depot and
large number of cars at the coal mines and Tomahawk Station on the Richmond and
Danville road: burned a locomotive, train of cars, and railroad buildings at
Powhatan on the same road; destroyed a large number of buildings and cars, with
immense amounts of stores, on the line of the South Side road, and broke most
effectually the line of the Petersburg and Weldon road. At all the stations
where the expedition halted to destroy depots the railroad track was torn up for
several miles on each side. Bridges were leveled not only on the railroads, but
on several turnpikes.
There were large quantities of
commissary stores all along the line of the road, which were rendered thoroughly
useless for the Confederates.
THE CAMPAIGN IN GEORGIA.
General Sherman's campaign still
goes forward successfully. The movements of his army may be summed up as
follows: On the 9th of May General M'Pherson crossed Chattanooga Mountain
through Snake Creek Gap, directly threatening the enemy's railroad
communications from Dalton to Rome and Atlanta. Generals Schofield and Newton at
the same time marched toward Dalton from the east, the remainder of the army
skirmishing all along the line in order to divert the enemy's attention front
their flanks. On the 10th M'Pherson established himself upon the railroad one
mile south of Resaca, and Schofield and Newton fought without result on the left
around the mouth of Buzzard Roost Gap. On the 11th there was heavy skirmishing,
but no general engagement. On the 12th M'Pherson and
Hooker were strengthened on
the right by the Fourteenth Corps (Palmer's) and Newton's Division of the Fourth
Corps; and the enemy's position having been discovered, on the 14th skirmishing
began early in the morning and continued incessantly throughout the day all
along the line. During the day Howard joined the army and our whole force was
thus brought in line. In the afternoon
an attempt was made to break the
enemy's centre, but did not succeed, though his outer works were taken and held
for a time. Subsequently the rebels attempted to turn our left and heavy
fighting ensued, in which we were worsted, though inflicting serious loss on the
enemy. At the same moment a fierce conflict raged on our right, where Morgan L.
Smith's and Osterhaus's Divisions, of Logan's Corps, with Sprague's Brigade, of
Veatche's Division of the Sixteenth Corps, charged the line of rebel rifle-pits
a little to the right of and in sight of Resaca, and intrepidly carried them.
This was about seven P.M. An hour afterward the rebel leaders, massing a large
force, attempted to regain possession of these works. Coming boldly up the long
hill to the very foot of the works they seemed determined to retake them or
perish; but they were met by a determination as stern as their own. After
struggling desperately the rebel most was hurled down the hill, leaving its
sides covered with wounded and dead. Our men continued to hold this work, which
the rebels never regained.
On Sunday morning, 15th, firing
commenced as usual, but nothing of particular importance occurred until about
one P.M. At that time a determined charge was made by Hooker's corps, which now
occupied our left—Palmer, Howard, and Schofield having been shifted toward the
right to fill up the gap occasioned by Hooker's withdrawal the day before. The
enemy were driven from a portion of their second lines, and Wood's brigade, of
Butterfield's division, stormed a small fort and took a battery of four guns.
The rebels, however, having massed on this part of the line very heavily the day
before, our men were exposed to so deadly a fire from the inner works that they
were compelled to withdraw. Part of them continued to hold the small fort and
kept possession of the four rebel guns. Notwithstanding this repulse, our line
was now advanced to what had been the that rebel line of works. Thus had we held
our own in the centre and gained substantial and permanent advantage on both
wings. For this, and other reasons, the enemy thought best to retire, and on
Sunday night evacuated the place with his entire army, leaving only three guns
and some stores of meat and corn behind. His ammunition and supply trains were
Our losses in our operations in
front of Resaca were six hundred killed, three thousand wounded, and four
hundred missing. We killed and wounded two thousand of the enemy and took four
thousand prisoners. Four of our Brigadier-Generals were wounded—Harker,
Kilpatrick, painfully; Manson, seriously; Willich, it is feared,
mortally. Three general officers of the rebels are known to have been killed.
Our trophies were one stand of
colors and seven pieces of artillery.
On the 16th the pursuit of the
enemy was commenced, the latter offering a feeble resistance. On the I8th
Davis's Division of the Fourteenth Corps occupied Rome, scene twenty-five miles
southwest of Resaca, and the rest of the army, rapidly pushing forward, on the
19th, took possession of Kingston, ten miles southeast of Rome, and Cassville,
still south of Kingston, establishing itself in force on the line of the Etowah
River, running nearly east and west, some distance below Kingston. Our forces
were then rested, preparatory to other movements.
OPERATIONS IN SOUTHWESTERN
In the southwestern part of Virginia important successes have been
achieved by Generals Crook and Averill, who fought three battles in the vicinity
of Newbern, Pulaski County, with the forces under Generals Morgan, Sam Jones,
and A. G. Jenkins, gaining a complete victory over the enemy, who lost six
hundred killed and wounded, three hundred prisoners, and two guns. General A. G.
Jenkins fell into our hands, mortally wounded. Our loss was four hundred killed
and wounded. A large railroad bridge over New River, at Newbern, with several
miles of track, was completely destroyed. By these operations the East Tennessee
and Virginia Railroad has been rendered entirely useless to the enemy.
THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN.
A dispatch from Admiral Porter,
dated "on board the flagship Black Hawk, mouth of Red River, May 16," states
that the portion of the squadron above the falls at Alexandria have been
released from their unpleasant position, owing to the indefatigable exertions of
Lieutenant-Colonel Bailey, Acting Engineer of the Nineteenth Army Corps, who
proposed and built a tree dam of 600 feet across the river at the lower falls,
which enabled all the vessels to pass in safety, the back water of the
Mississippi reaching Alexandria, and allowing them to pass over all the shoals
and the obstructions planted by the enemy to a point of safety.
An unofficial report from Cairo,
dated May 22, says that the army and gun-boats were all safe at the mouth of the
Red River and Semmesport.
Our forces evacuated Alexandria
last week and moved toward Sellsport. The officers of steamer Laurel Hill, which
had arrived at New Orleans, state they distinctly heard cannonading from the
direction our forces had taken. A portion of Alexandria was burning when the
Laurel Hill left.
Several Federal gun-boats have
Fredericksburg. The railroad from that point to Aquia Creek has been
repaired, and trains are now running. Over 25,000 veteran troops have reached
General Grant since the great engagement of the 12th. The losses in the Fifth
Corps since the movement began are as follows: Killed, 1240 ; wounded, 11,570;
missing, 1120; total, 13,930. Less missing there than in any other corps. The
stragglers are estimated at about 12,000 in the whole army. Nearly all these,
have been returned to the ranks.
An expedition recently sent up
the St. John's River, Florida, captured 1000 head of cattle, some horses, and
other valuable property.
General Banks has been ordered to
General Sigel has been removed
from his command in the Shenandoah Valley, and Major-General Hunter placed in
command of the Department of Western Virginia, including the Shenandoah.
The town of Tampa, on the west
coast of Florida, and commanding Tampa Bay, has been captured by the Union
It is now said to be certain that
the enemy captured, in Arkansas, the whole of General Steele's train, consisting
of 1200 wagons.
The rebel steamer Florida sailed
from Bermuda on the 14th, after landing an officer who was sick, and steed to
the northward. She reported having burned in New York ship from Callao about
three weeks previous.
In the late capture of Yazoo City
by General M'Arthur the rebels are said to have been badly worsted, and lost
largely in killed and wounded. Between 20,000 and 30,000 bales of cotton are
reported in the vicinity of Yazoo City.
THE SCHLESWIG WAR.
A NAVAL engagement between the
German and Danish war vessels was fought on the 3d instant off Heligstand. The
Germans had one hundred and seventy men killed and wounded, and the Danes
fifty-three wounded and one killed. The Danish ships were not injured. The
German squadron was at Cuxhaven at the latest dates, and the Danes had sailed
for Norway. It was thought in Vienna that the London Conference would arrange a
peace, but elsewhere no such hope was entertained. The Ministers of Justice and
Interior in Denmark had resigned, in consequence of the King having agreed to a
suspension of the blockade. The fortifications of Fredericia were leveled by the
MOVEMENTS IN THE EAST.
It was said that Russia had
concentrated an army of sixty thousand men at the mouth of the Danube, that
Austria had sent twenty-five thousand men to the frontier of Servia, and that
the Turkish army in the Roumelia was to be increased to one hundred and fifty
The Emperor and Empress of Mexico
touched at Madeira on the 29th of April, and sailed the same day for