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Page) in the flower of his youth and
domestic happiness, another of the costly sacrifices that
this nation offers for its
salvation. And so long as the grass grows green upon the graves of these dear and
heroic youths, the hearts that loved and honored them are pledged more surely
than ever to the overthrow of the system which instigated this rebellion to
destroy the country, and murders our friends and brothers who die to save it.
They die, these brave and noble boys, but they live. They live in our purer
purpose, in our firmer resolution, in the surer justice of the nation. Against
compromise, against concession, against surrender, this precious blood cries
from the ground. God be thanked ! no nation could be saved to which it cried in
CHEERFUL FOR THE " ULTIMATE
"MY first effort was for peace,"
said JEFFERSON DAVIS at Augusta, "and I sent commissioners to endeavor to
arrange an amicable dissolution. From time to time I have repeated efforts to
that end, but never, never have I sought it on any other basis than
" It is asserted," says the
Montreal correspondence of the London Times.,. " that the Hon.
C. C. CLAY and
JACOB THOMPSON, the Confederate Commissioners in Canada, have received
instructions from Richmond to propose peace on the basis of a restoration of the Union, I am able to state on the highest authority that Messrs. CLAY
and THOMPSON have no such mission Their
Southern Independence, and that alone."
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS says
the same in his letter.
Governor BROWN repeats the same
HERSCHEL V. JOHNSON must have
independence at least.
" If you can not or will not
reconcile your differences," says Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON; " then, gentlemen,
let the seceding States depart in peace."
"Mr. PENDLETON'S actions and
records are the same as the records and position of
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN," says Mr. SANDFORD E.
MR. PENDLETON AND THE
A FEW evenings ago Mr. JOHN VAN
BUREN introduced to a serenading multitude in front of the New York hotel, the
favorite resort of secessionists in the city, his " erring sister" Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON. Mr.
PENDLETON said that he was born in Ohio, and
knew the sentiment of her people. But we all know what that is. Ohio told us on
the 11th of October. Mr. VALLANDIGHAM is also from Ohio—and he knows her
sentiments. He learned them last year.
Mr. PENDLETON also alluded to a
campaign document representing him as giving a vote in Congress on the 7th of
July, 1864, when Congress adjourned on the 4th of July ; and from this " fraud
and forgery," he says, you may judge of the credibility of the whole
But the student of Mr.
PENPLETON'S record will find that, on the 7th of January, 1864, for which
evidently July is a misprint, Mr. JOHN D. BALDWIN offered a resolution with a
preamble utterly denouncing the rebellion as " organized treason," etc. All who
voted voted aye.
Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON dodged.
On the 18th of January, 1864, Mr.
Smith of Kentucky submitted the following preamble and resolution :
" Whereas, A most desperate,
wicked, and bloody rebellion exists within the jurisdiction of the United
States, and the safety and security of personal and national liberty depend upon
its absolute and utter extinction; therefore,
"Resolved, That it is the
political, civil, moral, and sacred duty of the people to meet it, fight it,
crush it, and forever destroy it."
Mr. JAMES C. ALLEN moved to lay
the preamble and resolution on the table. This failed, but Mr. PENDLETON voted
for it—yeas 26, nays 102.
The resolution was then
adopted—yeas 112, nays 16—Mr. Pendleton voting against it, with
WOOD, VOORHEES, JAMES C. ALLEN,
LONG, HARRIS of MARYLAND, ANCONA, and others.
On the 18th of January, 1861, at
the beginning of the rebellion, Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON asserted the right and
power of the President to recognize secession in these words
"What may be the constitutional
power of this Government to recognize the secession of a State I decline to
discuss at present. But this I say, it we should become engaged in a war with a
foreign enemy, and a portion of our territory should be captured and reduced to
possession by the enemy, and we should be obliged to make a treaty of peace on
the basis of retaining what each party had acquired—uti possidetis—acknowledging
the sovereignty of that territory to have passed away frees us, certainly the
Federal Government would have the power to conform to our restricted limits, and
to confine its jurisdiction to our admitted boundaries. If war be dismemberment,
as my colleague declares, has not the Federal Government as much power to treat
that question now as at the end of a war? Will a conflict of arms confer
constitutional power upon the Federal Government? If these Southern States can
not be conciliated, and if you, gentlemen, can not find it in your hearts to
grant their demands—if they must leave the family mansion, I would signalize
their departure by tokens of love."
On the 16th of September, 1864,
Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON was in Dayton on a visit to his friend Mr. VALLANDIGHAM,
and he made a little speech, in which he speaks of the Democratic party —
meaning the Chicago Convention — " whose beneficent principles recently solemnly
announced in National Convention will bring us peace." Those beneficent
principles are, that the war has failed ; that we must ask for an immediate
cessation of hostilities ; and go into " an ultimate Convention."
This will perhaps serve to show
the " fraud and forgery" of the assertion that Mr. GEORGE H. PENDLETON is of the
ultra Southern States rights school, as it certainly reveals the exact quality
of his " devotion to the Union and the Constitution."
DAVIS AT AUGUSTA.
UPON his return from Macon
JEFFERSON Davis made a speech at Augusta. It has the same wild tone of despair
as that at Macon. " Words," he says, " will not now avail......You must consult
your heart : perform more than the law can exact ; yield as much as free men can
give, and all will be well." In his foolish fury JEFFERSON Davis calls his loyal
fellow citizens of the United States " deniers of the rights of men," while he
and the world know that the only reason for the war which he wages upon the
Government of his country was that it was secured in the future to Liberty and
equal rights. He and his associates rebelled to save slavery. They now declare
it was for independence, and because of incompatibility. But the independence
they seek is for the purpose of perpetuating slavery, and the incompatibility
they plead is because of the existence of slavery. " We were a free and
independent people, in States that had a right to make a better Government when
they saw fit," says DAVIS ; and his Lieutenant, STEPHENS, declares that they
designed that better Government to rest upon the "corner stone of slavery."
THE SAME RECORD.
IN a late speech for the Chicago
candidates in the city of New York Mr. SANFORD E. CHURCH said that " he could
not see why any one should OBJECT to GEORGE H. PENDLETON : his actions and his
records were the same as the records and position of GEORGE B. McCLELLAN."
If this be true, General
McCLELLAN is of the political school of
JOHN C. CALHOUN and JEFFERSON DAVIS, as
Mr. PENDLETON is.
He then supports the extreme
doctrine of State sovereignty, as Mr. PENDLETON does.
He thinks that the States have
the right to secede at pleasure, as Mr. PENDLETON does.
He believes that the Government
has no right to defend itself from the attacks of rebels, as Mr. PENDLETON does.
He believes the war to be
atrocious and wicked, as Mr. PENDLETON does.
He is in favor of saying to the
rebels, "Depart in
peace," as Mr. PENDLETON is.
If Mr. CHURCH tells the truth of
his candidate, General M'CLELLAN agrees entirely with the rebels ; for if Mr.
PENDLETON'S theory of our Government be correct, secession is strictly
Constitutional. What a pleasing President of the United States such a theorist
would make !
It is wise to insist that the
Chicago candidates hold the same views, for they will be obliged to follow the
same policy if elected. Whoever votes for the one necessarily votes for the
other, and they stand side by side upon the
GENERALS AT PLAY.
WHILE SHERIDAN'S name is upon all
lips and in all hearts the following passage from EDMUND KIRKE'S "Down in
Tennessee" is interesting :
"At SHERIDAN'S I saw
unbent. The bow which is always strung loses its power; so workers, such as he,
wear out by constant working. The hour of relaxation is the time to learn any
man, and I tried to study him. SHERIDAN had invented a game he called 'Dutch
Ten-Pins.' On the lawn in front of his quarters, between two immense elms, he
had suspended a long rope, and to the end of it attached a small cannon ball. On
the ground, midway between these trees, was a square board which held the ten
pins. The game lay in throwing the ball so that it would miss the pins in going
out and strike them in coming back. To do this, a peculiar twist had to be given
to the rope by bending the wrist, and it seemed almost impossible to avoid
hitting the pins on the direct throw. Three ' throws' were a ' game,' and thirty
'strokes' could be made. SHERIDAN, by such practice, had become expert at the
play, and could make pretty regularly twenty 'strokes,' but a novice did well if
he made ten. He soon challenged ROSECRANS, and the dozen officers with him, to
the lists. SHERIDAN opened the play, cleared the board twice, and missed it
altogether the third throw. ' Twenty,' cried the ' scorer,' and another player
took his place. He did indifferently well. Others followed with more or less
success, though none came up to SHERIDAN'S 'score.'
" 'Now for the General,' shouted
' the Major,' laughing as ROSECRANS took his place. '
He'll score thirty, sure.' " 'Don't laugh till you win, my boy,' answered the
General, with his peculiar smile.
"Calculating deliberately the
motion of the ball, he let it go. Every pin fell, on the direct throw, and a
general laugh followed. Not at all disconcerted, he tried again till he had
played three or four ' games' with scarcely better success. Amidst the mock
congratulation of the whole assemblage he at last sat down, and GARFIELD entered
the lists. ' It's nothing but mathematics,' said GARFIELD ; 'you only need an
eye and a hand,' and carelessly throwing the ball, he cleared the board and
You can't do that again.'
"' I'll try,' answered the modest
Brigadier, and he did do it, several times in succession.
"'I can do better than that,'
said ROSECRANS, again taking the ball. A shout of derision followed the boast,
but he quietly set himself to work, and, half a dozen times in succession, made
from twenty-five to thirty ' strokes.' "
THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH.
THE speech of the President in
response to the serenade from the loyal Marylanders in Washington is so manly
and noble, so simple and characteristic, that we print it entire, and commend it
to the thoughtful perusal of every faithful citizen, soldier, or sailor in the
country, and ask him if this is a dangerous man to trust with the administration
of the Government :
"I am notified that this is a
compliment paid me by the loyal Marylanders resident in this District. I infer
that the adoption of the new Constitution for the State furnishes the occasion,
and that in your view the extirpation of slavery constitutes the chief merit of
the new Constitution. Most heartily do I congratulate you and Maryland, and the
nation, and the world, upon the event. I regret that it did not occur two years
sooner, which, I am sure, would have saved to the nation more money than would
have met all the private loss incident to the measure; but it has come at last,
and I sincerely hope its friends may fully realize all their anticipations of
good from it, and that its opponents may, by its effects, be agreeably and
profitably disappointed. A word upon another subject : Something said by the
Secretary of State, in his recent speech at Auburn, has been construed by some
into a threat that, if I shall be beaten at the election, I will between then
and the end of my Constitutional term do what I may be able to ruin the
Government. Others regard the fact that the Chicago Convention adjourned not
sine die but to meet again if called to do so by a particular individual as the
ultimatum of a purpose that if the nominee shall be elected He will at once
seize control of the Government. I hope the good people will permit themselves
to suffer no uneasiness on either point. I am struggling to maintain the
Government, not to overthrow it. I therefore say that if I shall live I shall
remain President until the 4th of next March. And whoever shall be
constitutionally elected, therefore, in November shall be duly installed as
President on the 4th of March, and that in the interval I shall do my utmost
that whoever is to hold the helm for the next voyage shall start with the best
possible chance to save the ship. This is due to the people, both on principle
and under the Constitution. Their will, constitutionally expressed, is the
ultimate law for all. If they should deliberately resolve to have immediate
peace, even at the loss of their country and their liberties, I know not the
power or the right to resist them. It is their own business, and they must do as
they please with their own. I believe, however, they are all resolved to
preserve their country and their liberty ; and in this, in office or out of it,
I am resolved to stand by them. I may add, that in this purpose—to save the
country and its liberties—no class of people seem so nearly unanimous as the
soldiers in the field and the seamen afloat. Do they not have the hardest of it
? Who should quail when they do not ? God bless the soldiers and seamen, and all
their brave commanders !"
GENERAL SHERMAN AND THE
REBELS shrink from SHERMAN'S
sword and Copperheads from his pen. A foolish story has been circulated that he
had said ninety-nine out of every hundred soldiers in his army would vote for
General SHERMAN flanks and routs the falsehood in the following
"HEAD-QUARTERS, MILITARY DIVISION
OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
IN THE FIELD, KINGSTON, GA., Oct. 11, 1864.
"MY DEAR SIR,—There is not one
word of truth in the paragraph you sent me cut from the New York Herald of
September 20. I never thought, said, or wrote that McCLELLAN would get '
ninety-nine out of every hundred' votes in the army. I am as ignorant of the
political bias of the men of this army as you are at a distance of a thousand
miles, and I would as soon think of tampering with a soldier's religion as with
his preference for men. I have not and shall not attempt to influence a vote in
the coming struggle. I believe
Mr. LINCOLN has done the best he could. With
respect, etc. W. T. SHERMAN.
" JOHN C. HAMILTON, Esq."
JUDGE VANDERPOEL UPON THE
HON. AARON VANDERPOEL says; in a
late letter to a Union meeting in Ulster County.
"I voted against Mr. LINCOLN in
1860, and for
HORATIO SEYMOUR in 1862, but now feel called upon, by every
obligation of duty and patriotism, to cast my vote for ABRAHAM LINCOLN and Mr.
" My doctrine is that, as the
rebels began the war without cause, they must end it by laying down their arms
and submitting to that Government against which they have so wantonly rebelled.
I can see in the election of McCLELLAN and PENDLETON nothing but the breaking up
of the Union. I agree with FERNANDO WOOD, a prominent supporter of McCLELLAN,
that as the Chicago nominee he is bound to carry out the principles of the
Chicago platform, which has not a word of fault to find with the rebels, and
goes for peace at all events, and at any price.
" I, too, am for peace; but I am
for a peace which is honorable—not for one which brings disgrace and humiliation
to the North. As the game now stands I am against making McCLELLAN and PENDLETON
my peace makers. My peace makers are
GRANT, SHERMAN, SHERIDAN, and
the hosts of loyal and gallant spirits under them; the sons of Freemen, who have
so triumphantly pushed their ruthless toe to the last ditch."
THE hour of the departure of the
steamers upon the Stonington, or Groton, line has been changed to 4 o'clock p.m.
THE VIRGINIA CAMPAIGN.
THE prominent topic of the week
is General Sheridan's victory in the Shenandoah Valley.
On Saturday, October 15, General
Sheridan went to Washington, leaving General Wright in command of the army,
which was situated on the turnpike from Strasburg to Winchester, north of Cedar
Creek, the Eighth Corps on the left, the Nineteenth in the centre, and the Sixth
on the right. Still further to the right was
cavalry division. The
enemy, under command of General Early, was intrenched at Fisher's Hill, a few
miles southwest of
Strasburg. The Federal army also
intrenched itself, occupying a line running nearly north and south, and situated
on a commanding elevation. Monday morning, the 17th, the rebels made an attack
on our right, which answered the purpose both of a reconnoissance and a feint,
as it was intended finally to attack on the left. Tuesday passed without an
engagement, and a Federal reconnoissance made that day appeared to settle the
fact of Early's continued presence in force at Fisher's Hill. The rebel army
consisted of five infantry divisions under Gordon, Bamseur, Pegram, Wharton, and
Kershaw. With this force, amounting to nearly 20,000 men, Early attacked on
Wednesday morning before light.
A dense fog favored his designs.
Three divisions—Pegram's, Ramseur's, and Gordon's—were advanced against our
left, while Wharton and Kershaw moved against our centre along the Winchester
pike. The attack on the left was a perfect surprise, and, to enhance the effect,
it was made without the usual preliminary of a skirmish. Almost at the first
onset the works were taken and a large number of guns; the advantage thus gained
was pursued ; the encampments were overrun, and a large number of prisoners
taken. In Crook's rear was a provisional division commanded by Colonel Kitchin,
which was also routed.
The other two divisions at the
same time advanced and attacked the Nineteenth Corps, which was exposed on its
left flank by Crook's retreat. Here also breast-works and guns were taken. The
rebel artillery meanwhile, posted in commanding situations on the opposite side
of Cedar Creek, continued to pour in upon our disorganized troops. The whole
left was soon retreating on the Winchester pike toward Middletown.
North of this road was posted the
Sixth Corps and the cavalry, which had as yet taken no part in the battle. The
cavalry, moving in rear, soon appeared on the left, where it checked the enemy's
advance. The Sixth Corps followed in the same direction, coming up on the left
of the Nineteenth Corps. Here the enemy began to be held at bay, and the entire
Federal line was withdrawn a short distance to a more defensible position. The
enemy followed close, and more guns were taken, on account of the difficulty in
getting them off in time. At this point the artillery divisions suffered great
loss in horses and men. After the line was formed there was yet enough of an
organization to repel two vigorous charges of the rebels. To maintain a perfect
connection with the cavalry on the left it was necessary to withdraw the Sixth
and Nineteenth Corps still farther to a position just north of Middletown. Up to
this time twenty-four guns had been taken from us, and a great number of killed
and wounded marked the line of retreat, among whom were several able officer's.
Colonel Thoburn, commanding First Division, Eighth Corps, had been killed ; also
General Bidwell, commanding Third Brigade of Second Division, Sixth Corps.
Gerneral Ricketts, commanding the Sixth Corps, had been badly wounded, and
General Wright himself was wounded in the chin.
Sheridan had slept at Winchester
the previous night, but hearing the cannonade in the morning he took his horse
and pushed on toward Strasburg at full gallop, arriving on the field at ten
o'clock A.M., just as the army had taken up its position north of Middletown. On
his way he had met the throng of wounded and stragglers. The latter were
forthwith gathered in by provost marshals.
The new line of battle ran as
follows: The Nineteenth Corps on the right, the Sixth in the centre, and the
recovered Eighth Corps on the left. Custer's cavalry was on the extreme right,
and Merritt's on the left. The enemy attacked at one P.M., and was repulsed. At
three o'clock Sheridan assumed the offensive and attacked. The cavalry made a
furious charge on either wing, which was followed by an impetuous advance on the
centre. The rebel line was completely broken, and the cavalry followed up the
retreat, reaping the fruits of a decisive victory ; all the guns lost were
recaptured, and fully as many more in addition taken from the enemy: and 3600
prisoners were captured, including 300 officers. The cavalry continued the
pursuit to Mount Jackson. The entire rebel loss is estimated at about 10,000.
Nearly 12,000 stands of arms have been taken.
LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO
The following is a copy of a
letter addressed to General Sheridan by the President:
" EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON,
Oct. 22, 1864. "MAJOR-GENERAL SHERIDAN,—With great pleasure I tender to you and
your brave army the thanks of the nation and my own personal admiration and
gratitude for the month's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, and especially
for the splendid work of October 19. Your obedient servant, ABRAHAM LINCOLN."
THE WESTERN CAMPAIGN
Hood is no doubt retreating
southward, with Sherman closely pursuing. No new developments have been made in
regard to the designs of the rebel cavalry under Forrest.
October 19 an engagement occurred
between Price and General Blunt at Lexington, Missouri, the result of which was
a Federal victory. General Price is retreating southward.
THE ST. ALBANS RAID.
In the afternoon of October 19
considerable disturbance was occasioned in St. Albans, Vermont, by the
appearance in that town of several marauders from the Canada side, who, under
pretense of being Confederates, murdered a number of the citizens and stole a
considerable sum of money from the banks. After accomplishing their object they
returned into Canada. Captain Conger, with a detachment of men, immediately
started In pursuit. They succeeded in capturing the greater part of the
marauders and in recovering $150,000 of the stolen money. The Governor-General
of Canada telegraphed, offering to respond to a requisition from the United
States Government for the surrender of the robbers, as many of them as could be
found. The raid was followed by considerable excitement, and in a few hours the
whole frontier was under arms.
The steamer Roanoke was captured
by pirates October 7, while on her way front Havana to New York. It was taken by
the same plan as the Chesapeake, and Brine, the leader of the piratical gang,
was also the leader in the case of the Chesapeake. Braine has been arrested,
together with his associates, and imprisoned at Bermuda. But the British
authorities, as usual, have released them.
Henery C Niles, a clerk employed
in the city delivery department of the New York Post-office, was arrested a few
days ago by Mr. J. Gayler, the Special Agent of time Post-office Department, on
a charge of embezzling and rifling mail-letters. It was the duty of the accused
to prepare the letters to he taken out by the down-town carrier, and it is
charged that he availed himself of the opportunity to commit extensive
depredations, especially upon the correspondence of persons doing business in
portions of Nassau, Ann, Fulton, Beekman, and William streets. Suspicion at
first naturally attached itself to the carriers for those districts; but the
detection of Niles has of course exonerated them. The prisoner admitted his
guilt to Mr. Gayler, and the clearest evidence of it was also found upon his
person. He was taken before United States Commissioner Stilwell, and held to
bail in $5000.
commanding the District of Illinois, has been temporarily relieved at his own
request. Brigadier-General John Cook, of Springfield, will succeed him in
command of the District.
The County Volunteer Committee
are now recruiting with considerable success. The bounties now offered by the
county are $300 for three years, $200 for two years, and $100 for one year men,
and the Government bounty is the same, which makes just double that sum paid to
each volunteer. The Government is paying no hand money, but the county is paying
for a three years' recruit $50, for a two years' recuit $30, and for a one year
IT is reported that
Semmes has departed from Liverpool with 108 men for Madeira, where he will man
the steamer Ranger, and proceed upon another cruise.
The commercial depression still
continues in England. The confederate loan was quoted at 55.